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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928761/hormonal-regulation-in-shade-avoidance
#1
REVIEW
Chuanwei Yang, Lin Li
At high vegetation density, shade-intolerant plants sense a reduction in the red (660 nm) to far-red (730 nm) light ratio (R/FR) in addition to a general reduction in light intensity. These light signals trigger a spectrum of morphological changes manifested by growth of stem-like tissue (hypocotyl, petiole, etc.) instead of harvestable organs (leaves, fruits, seeds, etc.)-namely, shade avoidance syndrome (SAS). Common phenotypical changes related to SAS are changes in leaf hyponasty, an increase in hypocotyl and internode elongation and extended petioles...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915789/rapid-transcriptional-and-metabolic-regulation-of-the-deacclimation-process-in-cold-acclimated-arabidopsis-thaliana
#2
Majken Pagter, Jessica Alpers, Alexander Erban, Joachim Kopka, Ellen Zuther, Dirk K Hincha
BACKGROUND: During low temperature exposure, temperate plant species increase their freezing tolerance in a process termed cold acclimation. This is accompanied by dampened oscillations of circadian clock genes and disrupted oscillations of output genes and metabolites. During deacclimation in response to warm temperatures, cold acclimated plants lose freezing tolerance and resume growth and development. While considerable effort has been directed toward understanding the molecular and metabolic basis of cold acclimation, much less information is available about the regulation of deacclimation...
September 16, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902164/slbir3-negatively-regulates-pamp-responses-and-cell-death-in-tomato
#3
Shuhua Huang, Shuming Nie, Shufen Wang, Jianwei Liu, Yanfeng Zhang, Xiaofeng Wang
Bri1-associated kinase 1 (BAK1)-interacting receptor-like kinase (BIR) proteins have been shown to play important roles in regulating growth and development, pathogen associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-triggered immunity (PTI) responses, and cell death in the model plant, Arabidopsis thaliana. We identified four BIR family members in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), including SlBIR3, an ortholog of AtBIR3 from A. thaliana. SlBIR3 is predicted to encode a membrane localized non-arginine-aspartate (non-RD) kinase that, based on protein sequence, does not have autophosphorylation activity but that can be phosphorylated in vivo...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894020/transcription-factor-oswrky53-positively-regulates-brassinosteroid-signaling-and-plant-architecture
#4
Xiaojie Tian, Xiufeng Li, Wenjia Zhou, Yuekun Ren, Zhenyu Wang, Zhiqi Liu, Jiaqi Tang, Hongning Tong, Jun Fang, Qingyun Bu
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of steroid hormones regulating multiple aspects of plant growth, development, and adaptation. Compared with extensive studies in Arabidopsis, the mechanism of BR signaling in rice is less understood. Here, we identified OsWRKY53, a transcription factor involved in defense responses, as an important regulator of rice BR signaling. Phenotypic analyses showed that OsWRKY53 overexpression led to enlarged leaf angles and increased grain size, in contrast to the erect leaves and smaller seeds in oswrky53 mutant...
September 11, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887625/overexpressed-brh1-a-ring-finger-gene-alters-rosette-leaf-shape-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#5
Xiaoqian Wang, Eryong Chen, Xiaoyang Ge, Qian Gong, HamamaIslam Butt, Chaojun Zhang, Zuoren Yang, Fuguang Li, Xueyan Zhang
Leaves are the most important plant parts for photosynthesis and respiration. Many genes are involved in determining leaf shape; however, little is known about the effects of brassinosteroid (BR) signaling-pathway genes on the development of leaf shape. Here, the brassinosteroid-responsive RING-H2 (BRH1) gene, which is suppressed by 24-epi-brassinolide treatment, was isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana. The amino acid sequence contained a highly conserved RING finger domain. In a phylogenetic analysis, BRH1 clustered closely with GLYMA11G02470...
September 7, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881416/improved-fruit-%C3%AE-tocopherol-carotenoid-squalene-and-phytosterol-content-through-manipulation-of-brassica-juncea-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coa-synthase1-in-transgenic-tomato
#6
Pan Liao, Xinjian Chen, Mingfu Wang, Thomas J Bach, Mee-Len Chye
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A synthase (HMGS) in the mevalonate (MVA) pathway generates isoprenoids including phytosterols. Dietary phytosterols are important because they can lower blood cholesterol levels. Previously, the overexpression of Brassica juncea wild-type (wt) and mutant (S359A) BjHMGS1 in Arabidopsis up-regulated several genes in sterol biosynthesis and increased sterol content. Recombinant S359A had earlier displayed a 10-fold higher in vitro enzyme activity. Furthermore, tobacco HMGS-overexpressors (OEs) exhibited improved sterol content, plant growth and seed yield...
September 7, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865087/the-arabidopsis-u-box-e3-ubiquitin-ligase-pub30-negatively-regulates-salt-tolerance-by-facilitating-bri1-kinase-inhibitor-1-bki1-degradation
#7
Ming Zhang, Jinfeng Zhao, Long Li, Yanan Gao, Linlin Zhao, Suyash Bhimgonda Patil, Jingjing Fang, Wenhui Zhang, Yuhong Yang, Ming Li, Xueyong Li
The Arabidopsis U-box E3 ubiquitin (Ub) ligases play an important role in the ubiquitin/26S proteasome-mediated protein degradation pathway. Recently PUB30 has been reported to participate in the salt stress response during seed germination stage in ABA-independent manner, but the molecular mechanism remains to be elucidated. Here we displayed that the pub30 mutant was more tolerant to salt stress during seed germination, whereas the mutant of its closest homologue PUB31 showed mild sensitivity to salt stress...
September 2, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855520/genotype-specific-physiological-and-transcriptomic-responses-to-drought-stress-in-setaria-italica-an-emerging-model-for-panicoideae-grasses
#8
Sha Tang, Lin Li, Yongqiang Wang, Qiannan Chen, Wenying Zhang, Guanqing Jia, Hui Zhi, Baohua Zhao, Xianmin Diao
Understanding drought-tolerance mechanisms and identifying genetic dominance are important for crop improvement. Setaria italica, which is extremely drought-tolerant, has been regarded as a model plant for studying stress biology. Moreover, different genotypes of S. italica have evolved various drought-tolerance/avoidance mechanisms that should be elucidated. Physiological and transcriptomic comparisons between drought-tolerant S. italica cultivar 'Yugu1' and drought-sensitive 'An04' were conducted. 'An04' had higher yields and more efficient photosystem activities than 'Yugu1' under well-watered conditions, and this was accompanied by positive brassinosteroid regulatory actions...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842532/the-arabidopsis-leucine-rich-repeat-receptor-kinase-bir3-negatively-regulates-bak1-receptor-complex-formation-and-stabilizes-bak1
#9
Julia Imkampe, Thierry Halter, Shuhua Huang, Sarina Schulze, Sara Mazzotta, Nikola Schmidt, Raffaele Manstretta, Sandra Postel, Michael Wierzba, Yong Yang, Walter Mam vanDongen, Mark Stahl, Cyril Zipfel, Michael B Goshe, Steven Clouse, Sacco C de Vries, Frans Tax, Xiaofeng Wang, Birgit Kemmerling
BAK1 is a co-receptor and positive regulator of multiple ligand-binding leucine-rich-repeat receptor kinases (LRR-RKs) and is involved in brassinosteroid (BR)-dependent growth and development, innate immunity and cell death control. The BAK1-interacting LRR-RKs BIR2 and BIR3 were previously identified by proteomics analyses of in vivo BAK1 complexes. Here we show that BAK1-related pathways such as innate immunity and cell death control are affected by BIR3 in Arabidopsis thaliana. BIR3 also has a strong negative impact on BR signaling...
August 25, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839160/functional-characterisation-of-brassinosteroid-receptor-mtbri1-in-medicago-truncatula
#10
Xiaofei Cheng, Xiaoping Gou, Hongju Yin, Kirankumar S Mysore, Jia Li, Jiangqi Wen
Brassinosteroids are phytohormones involved in plant development and physiological processes. Brassinosteroids Insensitive 1 (BRI1) is required for BR perception and initiation of subsequent signal transduction in Arabidopsis. In this study, the orthologue of BRI1 in the model legume species Medicago truncatula, MtBRI1, was identified and characterised. Three allelic Tnt1 insertion mutants, mtbri1-1, mtbri1-2, and mtbri1-3, were obtained from the M. truncatula Tnt1 insertion population. mtbri1 mutants displayed characteristic bri1 mutant phenotypes: extreme dwarfness, dark green curled leaves, short primary roots, less lateral roots, and insensitive to exogenous brassinolide (BL)...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837783/synthesis-of-novel-aryl-brassinosteroids-through-alkene-cross-metathesis-and-preliminary-biological-study
#11
Petra Korinkova, Vaclav Bazgier, Jana Oklestkova, Lucie Rarova, Miroslav Strnad, Miroslav Kvasnica
A series of phenyl analogues of brassinosteroids was prepared via alkene cross-metathesis using commercially available styrenes and 24-nor-5α-chola-2,22-dien-6-one. All derivatives were successfully docked into the active site of BRI1 using AutoDock Vina. Plant growth promoting activity was measured using the pea inhibition biotest and Arabidopsis root sensitivity assay and then was compared with naturally occuring brassinosteroids. Differences in the production of plant hormone ethylene were also observed in etiolated pea seedlings after treatment with the new and also five known brassinosteroid phenyl analogues...
August 21, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833172/response-of-the-plant-hormone-network-to-boron-deficiency
#12
Kai Eggert, Nicolaus von Wirén
Plant hormones (PH) adjust plant growth to environmental conditions such as nutrient availability. Although responses of individual PHs to growth-determining nutrient supplies have been reported, little is known about simultaneous dynamics in the metabolism of different PH species. Brassica napus seedlings were grown under increasing supply of B, and LC-MS/MS was used to characterize bioactive forms of different PH species together with several of their precursors, storage and inactivated forms. Increasing shoot B concentrations in response to B supply were accompanied by decreasing concentrations of abscisic acid (ABA) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), which appeared to be synthesized under B deficiency mainly via indole-3-acetonitrile (IAN)...
August 21, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831664/low-temperature-stress-is-phytohormones-application-a-remedy
#13
Tanveer Alam Khan, Qazi Fariduddin, Mohammad Yusuf
Among the various abiotic stresses, low temperature is one of the major environmental constraints that limit the plant development and crop productivity. Plants are able to adapt to low-temperature stress through the changes in membrane composition and activation of reactive oxygen scavenging systems. The genetic pathway induced due to temperature downshift is based on C-repeat-binding factors (CBF) which activate promoters through the C-repeat (CRT) cis-element. Calcium entry is a major signalling event occurring immediately after a downshift in temperature...
August 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829772/correction-ovate-family-protein-8-positively-mediates-brassinosteroid-signaling-through-interacting-with-the-gsk3-like-kinase-in-rice
#14
Chao Yang, Wenjin Shen, Yong He, Zhihong Tian, Jianxiong Li
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1006118.].
August 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827608/brassinosteroid-signaling-dependent-root-responses-to-prolonged-elevated-ambient-temperature
#15
Sara Martins, Alvaro Montiel-Jorda, Anne Cayrel, Stéphanie Huguet, Christine Paysant-Le Roux, Karin Ljung, Grégory Vert
Due to their sessile nature, plants have to cope with and adjust to their fluctuating environment. Temperature elevation stimulates the growth of Arabidopsis aerial parts. This process is mediated by increased biosynthesis of the growth-promoting hormone auxin. How plant roots respond to elevated ambient temperature is however still elusive. Here we present strong evidence that temperature elevation impinges on brassinosteroid hormone signaling to alter root growth. We show that elevated temperature leads to increased root elongation, independently of auxin or factors known to drive temperature-mediated shoot growth...
August 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822685/28-homocastasterone-down-regulates-blood-glucose-cholesterol-triglycerides-srebp1c-and-activates-lxr-expression-in-normal-diabetic-male-rat
#16
Velan Athithan, Kotteazeth Srikumar
Plant steroids are being recognized as influential secondary bio factors, assimilating in animal tissues through diet and affecting their cellular metabolic function to varying degree. They modulate catalytic and signaling functions in mammalian cells, affecting cellular homeostasis. The effect of phyto brassinosteroid ketoisoform 28-homocastasterone (28-HC), was assessed for its influence on blood glucose, plasma lipid and selective signal marker levels in normal and diabetic male wistar rat models. A 15 day oral feed regimen employing the experimental rat, noted that circulating blood glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride level in diabetic rat were markedly reduced by this compound...
August 16, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818467/mathematical-modelling-and-analysis-of-the-brassinosteroid-and-gibberellin-signalling-pathways-and-their-interactions
#17
Henry R Allen, Mariya Ptashnyk
The plant hormones brassinosteroid (BR) and gibberellin (GA) have important roles in a wide range of processes involved in plant growth and development. In this paper we derive and analyse new mathematical models for the BR signalling pathway and for the crosstalk between the BR and GA signalling pathways. To analyse the effects of spatial heterogeneity of the signalling processes, along with spatially-homogeneous ODE models we derive coupled PDE-ODE systems modelling the temporal and spatial dynamics of molecules involved in the signalling pathways...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818369/brassinosteroid-and-gibberellin-control-of-seedling-traits-in-maize-zea-mays-l
#18
Songlin Hu, Darlene L Sanchez, Cuiling Wang, Alexander E Lipka, Yanhai Yin, Candice A C Gardner, Thomas Lübberstedt
In this study, we established two doubled haploid (DH) libraries with a total of 207 DH lines. We applied BR and GA inhibitors to all DH lines at seedling stage and measured seedling BR and GA inhibitor responses. Moreover, we evaluated field traits for each DH line (untreated). We conducted genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with 62,049 genome wide SNPs to explore the genetic control of seedling traits by BR and GA. In addition, we correlate seedling stage hormone inhibitor response with field traits. Large variation for BR and GA inhibitor response and field traits was observed across these DH lines...
October 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811017/improved-methodology-for-analysis-of-multiple-phytohormones-using-sequential-magnetic-solid-phase-extraction-coupled-with-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#19
Xiao-Tong Luo, Bao-Dong Cai, Xi Chen, Yu-Qi Feng
Phytohormones are special small molecules that play important role in plant growth and development at trace levels. Quantification of multiple phytohormones will be great helpful for researches about cross-talks that plant hormones regulate the responses of plants against both biotic and abiotic stresses by means of synergistic or antagonistic interactions. In the current study, we developed a method for profiling of phytohormones in one small sample, including indole-3-acetic acid, abscisic acid, jasmonic acid, gibberellins, cytokinins and brassinosteroids...
August 29, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808238/rna-seq-using-bulked-recombinant-inbred-line-populations-uncovers-the-importance-of-brassinosteroid-for-seed-longevity-after-priming-treatments
#20
Naoto Sano, June-Sik Kim, Yoshihiko Onda, Takahito Nomura, Keiichi Mochida, Masanori Okamoto, Mitsunori Seo
Seed priming is a commercially used technique for improving seed performance including germination. However, the treatment sometimes reduces seed longevity as a side effect, limiting the storable period or longevity of the seeds. To overcome this problem, molecular mechanisms involved in the loss of seed longevity during priming were analyzed using natural variations of Arabidopsis thaliana. We found that the Est-1 accession retained longevity for longer after priming compared to the reference accession Col-0...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
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