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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108812/fackel-interacts-with-gibberellic-acid-signaling-and-vernalization-to-mediate-flowering-in-arabidopsis
#1
Bingyao Huang, Pingping Qian, Na Gao, Jie Shen, Suiwen Hou
Fackel (FK) is involved in the flowering of Arabidopsis mainly via the gibberellin pathway and vernalization pathway. This new function of FK is partially dependent on the FLOWERING LOCUS C ( FLC ). A common transitional process from vegetative stage to reproductive stage exists in higher plants during their life cycle. The initiation of flower bud differentiation, which plays a key role in the reproductive phase, is affected by both external environmental and internal regulatory factors. In this study, we showed that the Arabidopsis weak mutant allele fk-J3158, impaired in the FACKEL (FK) gene, which encodes a C-14 reductase involved in sterol biosynthesis, had a long life cycle and delayed flowering time in different photoperiods...
January 20, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104890/the-receptor-kinase-fer-is-a-ralf-regulated-scaffold-controlling-plant-immune-signaling
#2
Martin Stegmann, Jacqueline Monaghan, Elwira Smakowska-Luzan, Hanna Rovenich, Anita Lehner, Nicholas Holton, Youssef Belkhadir, Cyril Zipfel
In plants, perception of invading pathogens involves cell-surface immune receptor kinases. Here, we report that the Arabidopsis SITE-1 PROTEASE (S1P) cleaves endogenous RAPID ALKALINIZATION FACTOR (RALF) propeptides to inhibit plant immunity. This inhibition is mediated by the malectin-like receptor kinase FERONIA (FER), which otherwise facilitates the ligand-induced complex formation of the immune receptor kinases EF-TU RECEPTOR (EFR) and FLAGELLIN-SENSING 2 (FLS2) with their co-receptor BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE 1-ASSOCIATED KINASE 1 (BAK1) to initiate immune signaling...
January 20, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102350/manipulation-of-auxin-response-factor-19-affects-seed-size-in-the-woody-perennial-jatropha-curcas
#3
Yanwei Sun, Chunming Wang, Ning Wang, Xiyuan Jiang, Huizhu Mao, Changxiang Zhu, Fujiang Wen, Xianghua Wang, Zhijun Lu, Genhua Yue, Zengfu Xu, Jian Ye
Seed size is a major determinant of seed yield but few is known about the genetics controlling of seed size in plants. Phytohormones cytokinin and brassinosteroid were known to be involved in the regulation of herbaceous plant seed development. Here we identified a homolog of Auxin Response Factor 19 (JcARF19) from a woody plant Jatropha curcas and genetically demonstrated its functions in controlling seed size and seed yield. Through Virus Induced Gene Silencing (VIGS), we found that JcARF19 was a positive upstream modulator in auxin signaling and may control plant organ size in J...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100707/the-rla1-smos1-transcription-factor-functions-with-osbzr1-to-regulate-brassinosteroid-signaling-and-rice-architecture
#4
Shenglong Qiao, Shiyong Sun, Linlin Wang, Zhihua Wu, Chengxiang Li, Xiaoming Li, Tao Wang, Linna Leng, Weisheng Tian, Tiegang Lu, Xuelu Wang
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are plant-specific steroid hormones that control plant growth and development. Recent studies have identified key components of the BR signaling pathway in Arabidopsis thaliana and in rice (Oryza sativa); however, the mechanism of BR signaling in rice, especially downstream of GSK3/SHAGGY-like kinase (GSK2), remains unclear. Here we identified a BR-insensitive rice mutant, reduced leaf angle 1 (rla1), and cloned the corresponding gene. RLA1 was identical to the previously reported SMALL ORGAN SIZE 1 (SMOS1) which was cloned from another allele...
January 18, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096220/getting-to-the-root-of-brassinosteroid-function
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096215/brassinosteroid-signaling-directs-formative-cell-divisions-and-protophloem-differentiation-in-arabidopsis-root-meristems
#6
Yeon Hee Kang, Alice Breda, Christian S Hardtke
Brassinosteroids (BRs) trigger an intracellular signaling cascade through its receptors BR INSENSITIVE 1 (BRI1), BRI1-LIKE 1 (BRL1) and BRL3. Recent studies suggest that BR-independent inputs related to vascular differentiation, for instance root protophloem development, modulate downstream BR signaling components. Here, we report that protophloem sieve element differentiation is indeed impaired in bri1 brl1 brl3 mutants, although this effect might not be mediated by canonical downstream BR signaling components...
January 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087653/identification-of-regulatory-networks-and-hub-genes-controlling-soybean-seed-set-and-size-using-rna-sequencing-analysis
#7
Juan Du, Shoudong Wang, Cunman He, Bin Zhou, Yong-Ling Ruan, Huixia Shou
To understand the gene expression networks controlling soybean seed set and size, transcriptome analyses were performed in three early seed developmental stages, using two genotypes with contrasting seed size. The two-dimensional data set provides a comprehensive and systems-level view on dynamic gene expression networks underpinning soybean seed set and subsequent development. Using pairwise comparisons and weighted gene coexpression network analyses, we identified modules of coexpressed genes and hub genes for each module...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069895/brassinosteroid-induced-transcriptional-repression-and-dephosphorylation-dependent-protein-degradation-negatively-regulate-bin2-interacting-aif2-a-br-signaling-negative-regulator-bhlh-transcription-factor
#8
Yoon Kim, Ji-Hye Song, Seon-U Park, You-Seung Jeong, Soo-Hwan Kim
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are plant polyhydroxy-steroids that play important roles in plant growth and development via extensive signal integration through direct interactions between regulatory components of different signaling pathways. Recent studies have shown that diverse helix-loop-helix/basic helix-loop-helix (HLH/bHLH) family proteins are actively involved in control of BR signaling pathways and interact with other signaling pathways. In this study, we show that ATBS1-INTERACTING FACTOR 2 (AIF2), a nuclear-localized atypical bHLH transcription factor, specifically interacts with BRASSINOSTEROID-INSENSITIVE 2 (BIN2) among other BR-signaling molecules...
January 9, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069545/small-organ-size-1-and-small-organ-size-2-dwarf-and-low-tillering-form-a-complex-to-integrate-auxin-and-brassinosteroid-signaling-in-rice
#9
Ko Hirano, Hideki Yoshida, Koichiro Aya, Mayuko Kawamura, Makoto Hayashi, Tokunori Hobo, Kanna Sato-Izawa, Hidemi Kitano, Miyako Ueguchi-Tanaka, Makoto Matsuoka
Although auxin and brassinosteroid (BR) synergistically control various plant responses, the underlying molecular mechanism of auxin-BR crosstalk is not well understood. We previously identified SMOS1, an auxin-regulated APETALA2-type transcription factor (TF), as the causal gene of the small organ size 1 (smos1) mutant that is characterized by a decreased final size of various organs. In this study we identified another smos mutant, smos2, which shows a phenotype indistinguishable from smos1. SMOS2 was identical to the previously reported DWARF AND LOW-TILLERING (DLT), which encodes a GRAS protein involved in BR signaling...
January 6, 2017: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061864/identification-of-brassinosteroid-genes-in-brachypodium-distachyon
#10
Claudia Corvalán, Sunghwa Choe
BACKGROUND: Brassinosteroids (BRs) are steroidal phytohormones that are involved in diverse physiological processes and affect many important traits, such as plant stature, stress tolerance, leaf angle, fertility, and grain filling. BR signaling and biosynthetic pathways have been studied in various plants, such as the model dicot Arabidopsis thaliana; however, relatively little is known about these pathways in monocots. RESULTS: To characterize BR-related processes in the model grass Brachypodium distachyon, we studied the response of these plants to the specific BR biosynthesis inhibitor, propiconazole (Pcz)...
January 6, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057327/occurrence-of-brassinosteroids-in-non-flowering-land-plants-liverwort-moss-lycophyte-and-fern
#11
Takao Yokota, Toshiyuki Ohnishi, Kyomi Shibata, Masashi Asahina, Takahito Nomura, Tomomichi Fujita, Kimitsune Ishizaki, Takayuki Kohchi
Endogenous brassinosteroids (BRs) in non-flowering land plants were analyzed. BRs were found in a liverwort (Marchantia polymorpha), a moss (Physcomitrella patens), lycophytes (Selaginella moellendorffii and S. uncinata) and 13 fern species. A biologically active BR, castasterone (CS), was identified in most of these non-flowering plants but another biologically active BR, brassinolide, was not. It may be distinctive that levels of CS in non-flowering plants were orders of magnitude lower than those in flowering plants...
January 2, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054942/a-comprehensive-proteomic-survey-of-aba-induced-protein-phosphorylation-in-rice-oryza-sativa-l
#12
Jiehua Qiu, Yuxuan Hou, Yifeng Wang, Zhiyong Li, Juan Zhao, Xiaohong Tong, Haiyan Lin, Xiangjin Wei, Hejun Ao, Jian Zhang
abscisic acid (ABA) is a key phytohormone regulating plant development and stress response. The signal transduction of ABA largely relies on protein phosphorylation. However; little is known about the phosphorylation events occurring during ABA signaling in rice thus far. By employing a label-free; MS (Mass Spectrometry)-based phosphoproteomic approach; we identified 2271 phosphosites of young rice seedlings and their intensity dynamics in response to ABA; during which 1060 proteins were found to be differentially phosphorylated...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050824/experimental-and-theoretical-methods-to-approach-the-study-of-vascular-patterning-in-the-plant-shoot
#13
Norma Fàbregas, Pau Formosa-Jordan, Marta Ibañes, Ana I Caño-Delgado
The plant vascular system provides transport and mechanical support functions that are essential for suitable plant growth and development. In Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis), the vascular tissues at the shoot inflorescence stems are disposed in organized vascular bundles. The vascular patterning emergence and development within the shoot inflorescence stems is under the control of plant growth regulators (De Rybel et al., Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 17:30-40, 2016; Caño-Delgado et al., Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol 26:605-637, 2010)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035023/related-to-abi3-vp1-like-1-ravl1-regulates-brassinosteroid-mediated-activation-of-amt1-2-in-rice-oryza-sativa
#14
Yuan Hu Xuan, Feng Ying Duan, Byoung Il Je, Chul Min Kim, Tian Ya Li, Jing Miao Liu, Soon Ju Park, Jun Hyeon Cho, Tae Ho Kim, Nicolaus von Wiren, Chang-Deok Han
The promotive effects of brassinosteroids (BRs) on plant growth and development have been widely investigated; however, it is not known whether BRs directly affect nutrient uptake. Here, we explored the possibility of a direct relationship between BRs and ammonium uptake via AMT1-type genes in rice (Oryza sativa). BR treatment increased the expression of AMT1;1 and AMT1;2, whereas in the mutant d61-1, which is defective in the BR-receptor gene BRI1, BR-dependent expression of these genes was suppressed. We then employed Related to ABI3/VP1-Like 1 (RAVL1), which is involved in BR homeostasis, to investigate BR-mediated AMT1 expression and its effect on NH4(+) uptake in rice roots...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032995/comprehensive-profiling-of-phytohormones-in-honey-by-sequential-liquid-liquid-extraction-coupled-with-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#15
Qing Wang, Wen-Jing Cai, Lei Yu, Jun Ding, Yu-Qi Feng
Honey exhibits various nutritional and medicinal functions, which are highly related to the active components, thus the exploration of new compounds in honey is of great importance. As honey is a by-product of flower nectar, which is rich in phytohormones, the existence of phytohormones in honeys is anticipated. In this research, a method for comprehensive profiling of 49 phytohormones in honey was developed by sequential liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) coupled with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018412/the-role-and-regulation-of-abi5-aba-insensitive-5-in-plant-development-abiotic-stress-responses-and-phytohormone-crosstalk
#16
REVIEW
Anna Skubacz, Agata Daszkowska-Golec, Iwona Szarejko
ABA Insensitive 5 (ABI5) is a basic leucine zipper transcription factor that plays a key role in the regulation of seed germination and early seedling growth in the presence of ABA and abiotic stresses. ABI5 functions in the core ABA signaling, which is composed of PYR/PYL/RCAR receptors, PP2C phosphatases and SnRK2 kinases, through the regulation of the expression of genes that contain the ABSCISIC ACID RESPONSE ELEMENT (ABRE) motif within their promoter region. The regulated targets include stress adaptation genes, e...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013174/dwarf-and-short-grain-1-encoding-a-putative-u-box-protein-regulates-cell-division-and-elongation-in-rice
#17
Nan Wang, Yadi Xing, Qijin Lou, Ping Feng, Song Liu, Meidan Zhu, Wuzhong Yin, Shunran Fang, Yan Lin, Tianquan Zhang, Xianchun Sang, Guanghua He
Plant hormones coordinate a plant's responses to environmental stimuli and the endogenous developmental programs for cell division and elongation. Brassinosteroids are among the most important of these hormones in plant development. Recently, the ubiquitin-26S-proteasome system was identified to play a key role in hormone biology. In this study, we analyzed the function of a rice (Oryza sativa) gene, DSG1, which encodes a U-box E3 ubiquitin ligase. In the dsg1 mutant (an allelic mutant of tud1), the lengths of the roots, internodes, panicles, and seeds were shorter than that in the wild-type, which was due to defects in cell division and elongation...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007032/q-a-what-are-brassinosteroids-and-how-do-they-act-in-plants
#18
Jiao Tang, Zhifu Han, Jijie Chai
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of polyhydroxylated steroidal phytohormones in plants with similar structures to animals' steroid hormones. Brassinosteroids regulate a wide range of physiological processes including plant growth, development and immunity. Brassinosteroid signalling and its integration with other signalling pathways have been investigated thoroughly at the molecular level.
December 22, 2016: BMC Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004282/a-subclass-of-hsp70s-regulate-development-and-abiotic-stress-responses-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#19
Linna Leng, Qianqian Liang, Jianjun Jiang, Chi Zhang, Yuhan Hao, Xuelu Wang, Wei Su
Members of the HSP70 family function as molecular chaperones to maintain cellular homeostasis and help plants cope with environmental stimuli. However, due to functional redundancy and lack of effective chemical inhibitors, our knowledge of functions of individual HSP70s has remained limited. Here, we confirmed a subclass of HSP70s, including HSP70-1, -2, -3, -4, and -5, localized to the cytosol and nucleus in Arabidopsis thaliana. Histochemical analyses of promoter:GUS reporter lines showed that HSP70-1, -2, -3, and -4 genes were widely expressed, but HSP70-5 was not...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998756/effects-of-24-epibrassinolide-and-green-light-on-plastid-gene-transcription-and-cytokinin-content-of-barley-leaves
#20
Marina V Efimova, Radomira Vankova, Victor V Kusnetsov, Raisa P Litvinovskaya, Ilya E Zlobin, Petre Dobrev, Nina P Vedenicheva, Alina L Savchuk, Raisa A Karnachuk, Natalia V Kudryakova, Vladimir V Kuznetsov
In order to evaluate whether brassinosteroids (BS) and green light regulate the transcription of plastid genes in a cross-talk with cytokinins (CKs), transcription rates of 12 plastid genes (ndhF, rrn23, rpoB, psaA, psaB, rrn16, psbA, psbD, psbK, rbcL, atpB, and trnE/trnY) as well as the accumulation of transcripts of some photoreceptors (PHYA, CRY2, CRY1A, and CRY1B) and signaling (SERK and CAS) genes were followed in detached etiolated barley leaves exposed to darkness, green or white light ±1μm 24-epibrassinolide (EBL)...
December 18, 2016: Steroids
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