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Miao Chen, Ranhao Wang, Yuqiu Zhu, Minzhuo Liu, Fawei Zhu, Jianbo Xiao, Xiaoqing Chen
Herein, for the first time, thiol-functionalized mesoporous silica (mSiO2 -SH) nanofibers with a spirally-curved twisted hexagonal morphology were synthesized via a simple one-pot protocol. 4-Mercaptophenylboronic acids (4-MPBA) were attached onto the mSiO2 -SH nanofibers via disulfide bond, serving as boronate affinity sorbent to selectively capture brassinosteroids (BRs) from plant extract. The resulting BRs-MPBA derivatives were easily eluted from the sorbent by cleaving the disulfide bond, which was subsequently subjected to ultra performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) analysis...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Weiqiang Li, Rie Nishiyama, Yasuko Watanabe, Chien Van Ha, Mikiko Kojima, Ping An, Lei Tian, Chunjie Tian, Hitoshi Sakakibara, Lam-Son Phan Tran
Ethylene is involved in regulation of various aspects of plant growth and development. Physiological and genetic analyses have indicated the existence of crosstalk between ethylene and other phytohormones, including auxin, cytokinin (CK), abscisic acid (ABA), gibberellin (GA), salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA), brassinosteroid (BR) and strigolactone (SL) in regulation of different developmental processes. However, the effects of ethylene on the biosynthesis and contents of these hormones are not fully understood...
May 10, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Lei Tian, Shaohua Shi, Lina Ma, Fahad Nasir, Xiujun Li, Lam-Son Phan Tran, Chunjie Tian
The plants and root-associated microbiomes are closely related. Plant metabolic substances can serve as a nutrient source for the microbiome, and in return, the microbiome can regulate the production of plant metabolic substances. Wild rice (Oryza rufipogon), as the ancestor of cultivated rice (Oryza sativa), has changed several metabolic pathways and root-associated microbiome during evolution. Thus, the study of the different associations between metabolic pathways and root-associated microbiomes in wild and cultivated rice varieties is important for rice breeding...
April 13, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Conglong Lian, Kun Yao, Hui Duan, Qing Li, Chao Liu, Weilun Yin, Xinli Xia
Abscisic acid (ABA) plays an important role in the regulation of plant adaptation, seed germination, and root development in plants. However, the mechanism of ABA regulation of root development is still poorly understood, especially through the miRNA-mediated pathway . Here, small RNA (sRNA)-seq and degradome-seq were used to analyze the miRNAs' responsive to ABA in the stems and roots of P. euphratica , a model tree species for abiotic stress-resistance research. In total, 255 unique mature sequences, containing 154 known miRNAs and 101 novel miRNAs were identified, among which 33 miRNAs and 54 miRNAs were responsive to ABA in the roots and stems, respectively...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Giulia Castorina, Martina Persico, Massimo Zilio, Stefano Sangiorgio, Laura Carabelli, Gabriella Consonni
Background and Aims: Brassinosteroids (BRs) are plant hormones involved in many developmental processes as well as in plant-environment interactions. Their role was investigated in this study through the analysis of lilliputian1-1 (lil1-1), a dwarf mutant impaired in BR biosynthesis in maize (Zea mays). Methods: We isolated lil1-1 through transposon tagging in maize. The action of lil1 was investigated through morphological and genetic analysis. Moreover, by comparing lil1-1 mutant and wild-type individuals grown under drought stress, the effect of BR reduction on the response to drought stress was examined...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Botany
Qiqi Yan, Lixiang Wang, Xia Li
Brassinosteroids (BRs) play an essential role in plant growth, and BRI1-EMS suppressor 1 (BES1)/brassinazole-resistant 1 (BZR1) family transcription factors integrate a variety of plant signaling pathways. Despite the fact that BRs inhibit nodulation in leguminous plants, how BRs modulate rhizobia-host interactions and nodule morphogenesis is unknown. Here, we show that GmBEHL1, a soybean homolog of Arabidopsis BES1/BZR1 homolog 1 (BEH1), is an interacting partner of Nodule Number Control 1, a transcriptional repressor that mediates soybean nodulation...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
De Peng Yuan, Chong Zhang, Zi Yuan Wang, Li Tian Ya, Xiao Feng Zhu, Yuan Hu Xuan
Rhizoctonia solani causes sheath blight disease in rice; however, the defense mechanism of rice plants against R. solani remains elusive. To analyze the roles of brassinosteroid (BR) and ethylene signaling on rice defense to R. solani, wild-type (WT) rice and several mutants and over-expressing (OX) lines were inoculated with R. solani. Mutants d61-1 and d2 were less susceptible to sheath blight disease, bri1-D was more susceptible, and ravl1 and d61-1/EIL1 Ri5 were similarly susceptible compared to WT. The double mutant ravl1/d61-1 was phenotypically similar to the ravl1 mutant...
May 16, 2018: Phytopathology
Jiayin Hou, Qihao Zhang, Yue Zhou, Golam Jalal Ahammed, Yanhong Zhou, Jingquan Yu, Hua Fang, Xiaojian Xia
Brassinosteroids (BRs), a group of steroid phytohormones, are involved in multiple aspects of plant growth, development and stress responses. Despite recent studies on BRs-promoted pesticide metabolism in plants, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Here, we showed that 24-epibrassinolide (EBR) significantly enhanced the expression of RESPIRATORY BURST OXIDASE HOMOLOG1 (RBOH1) and H2 O2 accumulation in the apoplast of chlorothalonil (CHT, a broad spectrum nonsystemic fungicide)-treated tomato plants...
May 7, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Ulrich Hohmann, Joël Nicolet, Andrea Moretti, Ludwig A Hothorn, Michael Hothorn
The leucine-rich repeat receptor kinase (LRR-RK) BRASSINOSTEROID INSENSITIVE 1 (BRI1) requires a shape-complementary SOMATIC EMBRYOGENESIS RECEPTOR KINASE (SERK) co-receptor for brassinosteroid sensing and receptor activation 1 . Interface mutations that weaken the interaction between receptor and co-receptor in vitro reduce brassinosteroid signalling responses 2 . The SERK3 elongated (elg) allele3-5 maps to the complex interface and shows enhanced brassinosteroid signalling, but surprisingly no tighter binding to the BRI1 ectodomain in vitro...
May 7, 2018: Nature Plants
Jinsu Lee, Donghwan Shim, Suyun Moon, Hyemin Kim, Wonsil Bae, Kyunghwan Kim, Yang-Hoon Kim, Sung-Keun Rhee, Chang Pyo Hong, Suk-Young Hong, Ye-Jin Lee, Jwakyung Sung, Hojin Ryu
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are plant steroid hormones that play crucial roles in a range of growth and developmental processes. Although BR signal transduction and biosynthetic pathways have been well characterized in model plants, their biological roles in an important crop, tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), remain unknown. Here, cultivated tomato (WT) and a BR synthesis mutant, Micro-Tom (MT), were compared using physiological and transcriptomic approaches. The cultivated tomato showed higher tolerance to drought and osmotic stresses than the MT tomato...
April 27, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Xiangxiu Liang, Jian-Min Zhou
Receptor kinases (RKs) are of paramount importance in transmembrane signaling that governs plant reproduction, growth, development, and adaptation to diverse environmental conditions. Receptor-like cytoplasmic kinases (RLCKs), which lack extracellular ligand-binding domains, have emerged as a major class of signaling proteins that regulate plant cellular activities in response to biotic/abiotic stresses and endogenous extracellular signaling molecules. By associating with immune RKs, RLCKs regulate multiple downstream signaling nodes to orchestrate a complex array of defense responses against microbial pathogens...
April 29, 2018: Annual Review of Plant Biology
Huiyu Wang, Xia Ye, Jidong Li, Bin Tan, Peng Chen, Jun Cheng, Wei Wang, Xianbo Zheng, Jiancan Feng
BACKGROUND: Jujube witches' broom (JWB), caused by a phytoplasma, devastates jujube tree (Ziziphus jujuba) growth and production in Asia. Although host responses to phytoplasmas are studied at the phenotypic, physiological, biochemical and molecular levels, it remains unclear how a host plant responds at the molecular level during the primary stage of infection. METHODS: To understand the response of the jujube tree to JWB infection, leaves were sampled at different times during the phytoplasma infection...
April 27, 2018: Gene
Yu-Fan Guo, Wei Shan, Shu-Min Liang, Chao-Jie Wu, Wei Wei, Jian-Ye Chen, Wang-Jin Lu, Jian-Fei Kuang
Banana fruit (Musa acuminate L.) ripening is a complex genetically process affected by multiple phytohormones and expression of various genes. However, whether plant hormone brassinosteroid (BR) is involved in this process remains obscure. In this work, three genes that encode BR core signaling components Brassinazole Resistant (BZR) proteins, namely MaBZR1 to MaBZR3, were characterized from banana fruit. MaBZR1-MaBZR3 exhibited both nuclear and cytoplasmic localization and behaved as transcription inhibitors...
April 28, 2018: Physiologia Plantarum
Jan Šimura, Ioanna Antoniadi, Jitka Široká, Danuse Tarkowska, Miroslav Strnad, Karin Ljung, Ondrej Novak
Phytohormones are physiologically important small molecules, which play essential roles in intricate signaling networks that regulate diverse processes in plants. We present a method for the simultaneous targeted profiling of 101 phytohormone-related analytes from minute amounts of fresh plant material (< 20 mg). Rapid and non-selective extraction, fast one-step sample purification, and extremely sensitive ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) enable concurrent quantification of the main phytohormone classes: cytokinins, auxins, brassinosteroids, gibberellins, jasmonates, salicylates, and abscisates...
April 27, 2018: Plant Physiology
Dongfeng Jia, Xiaoqing Gong, Mingjun Li, Chao Li, Tingting Sun, Fengwang Ma
Plant height is an important trait for fruit trees. The dwarf characteristic is commonly associated with highly efficient fruit production, a major objective when breeding for apple ( Malus domestica ). We studied the function of MdNAC1 , a novel NAC transcription factor (TF) gene in apple related to plant dwarfing. Localized primarily to the nucleus, MdNAC1 has transcriptional activity in yeast cells. Overexpression of the gene results in a dwarf phenotype in transgenic apple plants. Their reduction in size is manifested by shorter, thinner stems and roots, and a smaller leaf area...
April 27, 2018: Genes
Wenlei Wang, Fei Teng, Yinghui Lin, Dehua Ji, Yan Xu, Changsheng Chen, Chaotian Xie
Pyropia haitanensis, a high-yield commercial seaweed in China, is currently undergoing increasing levels of high-temperature stress due to gradual global warming. The mechanisms of plant responses to high temperature stress vary with not only plant type but also the degree and duration of high temperature. To understand the mechanism underlying thermal tolerance in P. haitanensis, gene expression and regulation in response to short- and long-term temperature stresses (SHS and LHS) was investigated by performing genome-wide high-throughput transcriptomic sequencing for a high temperature tolerant strain (HTT)...
2018: PloS One
Wenjing Chen, Shubei Wan, Linkui Shen, Ying Zhou, Chengwei Huang, Pu Chu, Rongzhan Guan
Moderate leaf rolling is important in ideotype breeding, as it improves photosynthetic efficiency and therefore increases crop yields. To understand the regulatory network of leaf rolling in Brassica napus, a down-curved leaf mutant ( Bndcl1) has been investigated. Physiological analyses indicated that the chlorophyll contents and antioxidant enzyme activities were remarkably increased and the photosynthetic performance was significantly improved in Bndcl1. Consistent with these findings, 943 differentially accumulated proteins (DAPs) were identified in the Bndcl1 mutant and its wild-type plants using iTRAQ-based comparative proteomic analyses...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
Luigi Lucini, Youssef Rouphael, Mariateresa Cardarelli, Paolo Bonini, Claudio Baffi, Giuseppe Colla
Plant biostimulants are receiving great interest for boosting root growth during the first phenological stages of vegetable crops. The present study aimed at elucidating the morphological, physiological, and metabolomic changes occurring in greenhouse melon treated with the biopolymer-based biostimulant Quik-link, containing lateral root promoting peptides, and lignosulphonates. The vegetal-based biopolymer was applied at five rates (0, 0.06, 0.12, 0.24, or 0.48 mL plant-1 ) as substrate drench. The application of biopolymer-based biostimulant at 0...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Alexis E Vergara, Katy Díaz, Rodrigo Carvajal, Luis Espinoza, José A Alcalde, Alonso G Pérez-Donoso
Color and other quality parameters of "Redglobe" grape ( Vitis vinifera L.) berries were evaluated after treatment with brassinosteroid (BR) analogs. Three BRs analogs (24-epibrassinolide, Triol, or Lactone) were applied at three concentrations (0.0, 0.4, or 0.8 mg⋅L-1 ), at the onset of veraison. A commercial formulation (B-2000® ) was also applied, at a recommended rate of 0.06 mg⋅L-1 . The tested BR analogs were effective improving berry color (evaluated as color index for red grapes, CIRG), increasing the levels of soluble solids and anthocyanins, and changing the types of anthocyanins present without altering other quality and yield parameters...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Qian-Feng Li, Jun Lu, Jia-Wen Yu, Chang-Quan Zhang, Jun-Xian He, Qiao-Quan Liu
BZR1 and BES1 are key transcription factors of brassinosteroid (BR) signaling and represent the integration node of numerous signaling cascades. Their direct target genes have been identified, and BZR1/BES1-DNA interactions have been experimentally verified. Importantly, BZR1/BES1 also integrate different growth and development events via direct protein-protein interactions. For instance, DELLAs, PIFs, ARF6, and PKL, all directly interact with BZR1/BES1, forming a BZR1/BES1-centered regulatory network to coordinate cell elongation...
April 16, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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