keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cytokinin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543596/transcriptional-regulation-of-hormone-synthesis-and-signaling-pathways-by-overexpressing-cytokinin-synthesis-contributes-to-improved-drought-tolerance-in-creeping-bentgrass
#1
Yi Xu, Patrick Burgess, Bingru Huang
The objective of this study was to investigate transcriptomic changes and molecular factors regulated by cytokinins that may contribute to improved drought tolerance in creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera) overexpressing adenine isopentenyltransferase (ipt). Wild-type (WT) and ipt-transgenic plants were maintained well irrigated or exposed to 21 d of drought stress in growth chambers. Transcriptomic analysis conducted by RNA-seq revealed 661 and 648 up-regulated and 764 and 862 down-regulated drought-responsive genes (DRGs) in the WT and ipt-transgenic plants, respectively, under drought stress using adjusted p-value of 0...
May 24, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510189/multiple-regulatory-roles-of-ap2-erf-transcription-factor-in-angiosperm
#2
REVIEW
Chao Gu, Zhi-Hua Guo, Ping-Ping Hao, Guo-Ming Wang, Zi-Ming Jin, Shao-Ling Zhang
APETALA2/ethylene response factor (AP2/ERF) transcription factor (TF) is a superfamily in plant kingdom, which has been reported to be involved in regulation of plant growth and development, fruit ripening, defense response, and metabolism. As the final response gene in ethylene signaling pathway, AP2/ERF TF could feedback modulate phytohormone biosynthesis, including ethylene, cytokinin, gibberellin, and abscisic acid. Moreover, AP2/ERF TF also participates in response to the signals of auxin, cytokinin, abscisic acid, and jasmonate...
December 2017: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505379/analysis-of-cfb-a-cytokinin-responsive-gene-of-arabidopsis-thaliana-encoding-a-novel-f-box-protein-regulating-sterol-biosynthesis
#3
Wolfram G Brenner, Jan Erik Leuendorf, Anne Cortleven, Laetitia B B Martin, Hubert Schaller, Thomas Schmülling
Protein degradation by the ubiquitin-26S proteasome pathway is important for the regulation of cellular processes, but the function of most F-box proteins relevant to substrate recognition is unknown. We describe the analysis of the gene Cytokinin-induced F-box encoding (CFB, AT3G44326), identified in a meta-analysis of cytokinin-related transcriptome studies as one of the most robust cytokinin response genes. F-box domain-dependent interaction with the E3 ubiquitin ligase complex component ASK1 classifies CFB as a functional F-box protein...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504136/fabrication-of-sustained-release-ca-pu-coaxial-electrospun-fiber-membranes-for-plant-grafting-application
#4
Zhongfu Guo, Guosheng Tang, Yonghong Zhou, Liu Shuwu, Haoqing Hou, Zhenyu Chen, Jinhui Chen, Chunhong Hu, Fei Wang, Stefaan C De Smedt, Ranhua Xiong, Chaobo Huang
Plant grafting is a well-known activity in orchards, greenhouses and vineyards gardens. However, low survival rate still limits the promotion of grafting and breeding of improved varieties. We report on polymeric fibers, obtained through coaxial electrospun, as carriers for the sustained release of drugs to heal wounds in plants. The CA-PU co-electrospun fibers show a rather uniform diameter, a smooth and hydrophilic surface. As long as 10days of sustained drugs release meets with the physiological requirement of plant grafting...
August 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500704/meta-analysis-of-the-transcriptome-reveals-a-core-set-of-shade-avoidance-genes-in-arabidopsis
#5
Romina Sellaro, Manuel Pacín, Jorge J Casal
The presence of neighboring vegetation modifies the light input perceived by photo-sensory receptors, initiating a signaling cascade that adjusts plant growth and physiology. Thousands of genes can change their expression during this process, but the structure of the transcriptional circuit is poorly understood. Here we present a meta-analysis of transcriptome data from Arabidopsis thaliana exposed to neighbor signals in different contexts, including organs where growth is promoted or inhibited by these signals...
May 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498020/cell-cycle-genes-are-activated-earlier-than-respiratory-genes-during-release-of-grapevine-buds-from-endodormancy
#6
Ximena Noriega, Francisco J Pérez
Single-bud cuttings of Vitis vinifera L exposed to forced growing conditions were used to investigate the involvement of phytohormones, abscisic acid (ABA), auxin (Aux) and cytokinin (CK) in the release of buds from the ED and in bud-sprouting. This artificial system imitates and hastens the natural sprouting that occurs in spring. Temporal expression analysis of genes related to phytohormones synthesis, showed an early drop in the expression of ABA biosynthesis gene that preceded an increase in Aux and CK biosynthesis genes...
May 12, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486552/identification-of-novel-mirnas-and-mirna-expression-profiling-in-embryogenic-tissues-of-picea-balfouriana-treated-by-6-benzylaminopurine
#7
Qingfen Li, Cheng Deng, Yan Xia, Lisheng Kong, Hanguo Zhang, Shougong Zhang, Junhui Wang
Here, we compared miRNA expression profiles in embryonic cell cultures of the conifer Picea balfouriana following application of the synthetic cytokinin 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BAP). We used next-generation sequencing to analyze three libraries of small RNAs from the treated embryogenic cell cultures and generated 24,000,000 raw reads from each of the libraries. Over 70 differentially regulated micro RNA (miRNA) families (≥2 fold change in expression) were identified between pairs of treatments. A quantitative analysis showed that miR3633 and miR1026 were upregulated in tissues with the highest embryogenic ability...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482334/the-interaction-between-foliar-ga3-application-and-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-inoculation-improves-growth-in-salinized-tomato-solanum-lycopersicum-l-plants-by-modifying-the-hormonal-balance
#8
Mouna Khalloufi, Cristina Martínez-Andújar, Mokhtar Lachaâl, Najoua Karray-Bouraoui, Francisco Pérez-Alfocea, Alfonso Albacete
The agriculture industry is frequently affected by various abiotic stresses limiting plant productivity. To decrease the negative effect of salinity and improve growth performance, some strategies have been used, such as exogenous application of plant growth regulators (i.e. gibberellic acid, GA3), or arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) inoculation. To gain insights about the cross-talk effect of exogenous GA3 application and AMF inoculation on growth under salinity conditions, tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum, cv...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481341/genome-sequencing-and-population-genomic-analyses-provide-insights-into-the-adaptive-landscape-of-silver-birch
#9
Jarkko Salojärvi, Olli-Pekka Smolander, Kaisa Nieminen, Sitaram Rajaraman, Omid Safronov, Pezhman Safdari, Airi Lamminmäki, Juha Immanen, Tianying Lan, Jaakko Tanskanen, Pasi Rastas, Ali Amiryousefi, Balamuralikrishna Jayaprakash, Juhana I Kammonen, Risto Hagqvist, Gugan Eswaran, Viivi Helena Ahonen, Juan Alonso Serra, Fred O Asiegbu, Juan de Dios Barajas-Lopez, Daniel Blande, Olga Blokhina, Tiina Blomster, Suvi Broholm, Mikael Brosché, Fuqiang Cui, Chris Dardick, Sanna E Ehonen, Paula Elomaa, Sacha Escamez, Kurt V Fagerstedt, Hiroaki Fujii, Adrien Gauthier, Peter J Gollan, Pauliina Halimaa, Pekka I Heino, Kristiina Himanen, Courtney Hollender, Saijaliisa Kangasjärvi, Leila Kauppinen, Colin T Kelleher, Sari Kontunen-Soppela, J Patrik Koskinen, Andriy Kovalchuk, Sirpa O Kärenlampi, Anna K Kärkönen, Kean-Jin Lim, Johanna Leppälä, Lee Macpherson, Juha Mikola, Katriina Mouhu, Ari Pekka Mähönen, Ülo Niinemets, Elina Oksanen, Kirk Overmyer, E Tapio Palva, Leila Pazouki, Ville Pennanen, Tuula Puhakainen, Péter Poczai, Boy J H M Possen, Matleena Punkkinen, Moona M Rahikainen, Matti Rousi, Raili Ruonala, Christiaan van der Schoot, Alexey Shapiguzov, Maija Sierla, Timo P Sipilä, Suvi Sutela, Teemu H Teeri, Arja I Tervahauta, Aleksia Vaattovaara, Jorma Vahala, Lidia Vetchinnikova, Annikki Welling, Michael Wrzaczek, Enjun Xu, Lars G Paulin, Alan H Schulman, Martin Lascoux, Victor A Albert, Petri Auvinen, Ykä Helariutta, Jaakko Kangasjärvi
Silver birch (Betula pendula) is a pioneer boreal tree that can be induced to flower within 1 year. Its rapid life cycle, small (440-Mb) genome, and advanced germplasm resources make birch an attractive model for forest biotechnology. We assembled and chromosomally anchored the nuclear genome of an inbred B. pendula individual. Gene duplicates from the paleohexaploid event were enriched for transcriptional regulation, whereas tandem duplicates were overrepresented by environmental responses. Population resequencing of 80 individuals showed effective population size crashes at major points of climatic upheaval...
June 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472464/the-arabidopsis-jagged-lateral-organs-jlo-gene-sensitizes-plants-to-auxin
#10
Madlen I Rast-Somssich, Petra Žádníková, Stephan Schmid, Martin Kieffer, Stefan Kepinski, Rüdiger Simon
Plant growth and development of new organs depend on the continuous activity of the meristems. In the shoot, patterns of organ initiation are determined by PINFORMED (PIN)-dependent auxin distribution, while the undifferentiated state of meristem cells requires activity of KNOTTED LIKE HOMEOBOX (KNOX) transcription factors. Cell proliferation and differentiation of the root meristem are regulated by the largely antagonistic functions of auxin and cytokinins. It has previously been shown that the transcription factor JAGGED LATERAL ORGANS (JLO), a member of the LATERAL ORGAN BOUNDARY DOMAIN (LBD) family, coordinates KNOX and PIN expression in the shoot and promotes root meristem growth...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467152/the-interaction-between-glucose-and-cytokinin-signaling-in-controlling-arabidopsis-thaliana-seedling-root-growth-and-development
#11
Sunita Kushwah, Ashverya Laxmi
Cytokinin (CK) and glucose (GLC) control several common responses in plants. There is an extensive overlap between CK and GLC signal transduction pathways in Arabidopsis. Physiologically, both GLC and CK could regulate root length in light. CK interacts with GLC via HXK1 dependent pathway for root length control. Wild-type (WT) roots cannot elongate in the GLC free medium while CK-receptor mutant ARABIDOPSIS HISTIDINE KINASE4 (ahk4) and type B ARR triple mutant ARABIDOPSIS RESPONSE REGULATOR1, 10,11 (arr1, 10,11) roots could elongate even in the absence of GLC as compared with the WT...
May 3, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461500/interspecies-hormonal-control-of-host-root-morphology-by-parasitic-plants
#12
Thomas Spallek, Charles W Melnyk, Takanori Wakatake, Jing Zhang, Yuki Sakamoto, Takatoshi Kiba, Satoko Yoshida, Sachihiro Matsunaga, Hitoshi Sakakibara, Ken Shirasu
Parasitic plants share a common anatomical feature, the haustorium. Haustoria enable both infection and nutrient transfer, which often leads to growth penalties for host plants and yield reduction in crop species. Haustoria also reciprocally transfer substances, such as RNA and proteins, from parasite to host, but the biological relevance for such movement remains unknown. Here, we studied such interspecies transport by using the hemiparasitic plant Phtheirospermum japonicum during infection of Arabidopsis thaliana Tracer experiments revealed a rapid and efficient transfer of carboxyfluorescein diacetate (CFDA) from host to parasite upon formation of vascular connections...
May 1, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452203/brachypodium-distachyon-as-alternative-model-host-system-for-the-ergot-fungus-claviceps-purpurea
#13
Sabine Kind, Selma Schurack, Janine Hinsch, Paul Tudzynski
To investigate its susceptibility to ergot infection we inoculated Brachypodium distachyon with Claviceps purpurea and compared the infection symptoms to those on rye (Secale cereale). We showed that after inoculation of Brachypodium with Claviceps the same disease symptoms occurred in comparable temporal and spatial patterns as on rye. The infection rate of Claviceps on this host is reduced compared to rye, but the disease can be surveyed by fungal gDNA quantification. Mutants of Claviceps which are virulence-attenuated on rye were also affected on Brachypodium...
April 27, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445492/shoot-stem-cell-specification-in-roots-by-the-wuschel-transcription-factor
#14
Boaz Negin, Or Shemer, Yonatan Sorek, Leor Eshed Williams
The WUSCHEL homeobox transcription factor is required to specify stem-cell identity at the shoot apical meristem and its ectopic expression is sufficient to induce de novo shoot meristem formation. Yet, the manner by which WUS promotes stem-cell fate is not yet fully understood. In the present research we address this question by inducing WUS function outside of its domain. We show that activation of WUS function in the root inhibits the responses to exogenous auxin and suppresses the initiation and growth of lateral roots...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444601/somatic-embryogenesis-from-bud-and-leaf-explants-of-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-l-cv-najda
#15
Mouaad Amine Mazri, Ilham Belkoura, Reda Meziani, Boutaïna Mokhless, Souad Nour
An efficient regeneration system through somatic embryogenesis was developed for date palm cv. Najda. Adventitious bud and proximal leaf segments cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with various combinations of auxins and cytokinins induced embryogenesis after at least 6 months of culture. Somatic embryogenesis induction seemed correlated with the type of the explant, the induction period and the auxin used. The highest rate of somatic embryogenesis (86.0%) was obtained on bud explants cultured on MS medium supplemented with 45...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443121/hormonal-and-nutritional-features-in-contrasting-rootstock-mediated-tomato-growth-under-low-phosphorus-nutrition
#16
Cristina Martínez-Andújar, Juan M Ruiz-Lozano, Ian C Dodd, Alfonso Albacete, Francisco Pérez-Alfocea
Grafting provides a tool aimed to increase low-P stress tolerance of crops, however, little is known about the mechanism (s) by which rootstocks can confer resistance to P deprivation. In this study, 4 contrasting groups of rootstocks from different genetic backgrounds (Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme and introgression and recombinant inbred lines derived from the wild relatives S. pennellii and S. pimpinellifolium) were grafted to a commercial F1 hybrid scion and cultivated under control (1 mM, c) and P deficient (0...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440947/regulation-of-the-turnover-of-acc-synthases-by-phytohormones-and-heterodimerization-in-arabidopsis
#17
Han Yong Lee, Yi-Chun Chen, Joseph J Kieber, Gyeong Mee Yoon
Ethylene influences many aspects of plant growth and development. The biosynthesis of ethylene is highly regulated by a variety of internal and external cues. A key target of this regulation is 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) synthases (ACS), generally the rate-limiting step in ethylene biosynthesis, which is regulated both transcriptionally and post-transcriptionally. Prior studies have demonstrated that cytokinin and brassinosteroid (BR) act as regulatory inputs to elevate ethylene biosynthesis by increasing the stability of ACS proteins...
April 25, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432333/metabolomic-and-proteomic-analysis-of-maize-embryonic-callus-induced-from-immature-embryo
#18
Fei Ge, Hongmei Hu, Xing Huang, Yanling Zhang, Yanli Wang, Zhaoling Li, Chaoying Zou, Huanwei Peng, Lujiang Li, Shibin Gao, Guangtang Pan, Yaou Shen
The low ratio of embryonic callus (EC) induction has inhibited the rapid development of maize genetic engineering. Still, little is known to explain the genotype-dependence of EC induction. Here, we performed a large-scale, quantitative analysis of the maize EC metabolome and proteome at three typical induction stages in two inbred lines with a range of EC induction capabilities. Comparison of the metabolomes and proteomes suggests that the differential molecular responses begin at an early stage of development and continue throughout the process of EC formation...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426669/a-dynamic-genetic-hormonal-regulatory-network-model-explains-multiple-cellular-behaviors-of-the-root-apical-meristem-of-arabidopsis-thaliana
#19
Mónica L García-Gómez, Eugenio Azpeitia, Elena R Álvarez-Buylla
The study of the concerted action of hormones and transcription factors is fundamental to understand cell differentiation and pattern formation during organ development. The root apical meristem of Arabidopsis thaliana is a useful model to address this. It has a stem cell niche near its tip conformed of a quiescent organizer and stem or initial cells around it, then a proliferation domain followed by a transition domain, where cells diminish division rate before transiting to the elongation zone; here, cells grow anisotropically prior to their final differentiation towards the plant base...
April 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421372/vascular-development-of-the-grapevine-vitis-vinifera-l-inflorescence-rachis-in-response-to-flower-number-plant-growth-regulators-and-defoliation
#20
Aude M Gourieroux, Bruno P Holzapfel, Margaret E McCully, Geoffrey R Scollary, Suzy Y Rogiers
The grapevine inflorescence is a determinate panicle and as buds emerge, shoot, flower and rachis development occur simultaneously. The growth and architecture of the rachis is determined by genetic and environmental factors but here we examined the role of flower and leaf number as well as hormones on its elongation and vascular development. The consequences of rachis morphology and vascular area on berry size and composition were also assessed. One week prior to anthesis, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon field vines were exposed to manual flower removal, exogenous plant growth regulators or pre-bloom leaf removal...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
keyword
keyword
82900
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"