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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527335/dissection-of-cis-regulatory-element-architecture-of-the-rice-oleosin-gene-promoters-to-assess-abscisic-acid-responsiveness-in-suspension-cultured-rice-cells
#1
Sol Kim, Soo-Bin Lee, Chae-Seong Han, Mi-Na Lim, Sung-Eun Lee, In Sun Yoon, Yong-Sic Hwang
Oleosins are the most abundant proteins in the monolipid layer surrounding neutral storage lipids that form oil bodies in plants. Several lines of evidence indicate that they are physiologically important for the maintenance of oil body structure and for mobilization of the lipids stored inside. Rice has six oleosin genes in its genome, the expression of all of which was found to be responsive to abscisic acid (ABA) in our examination of mature embryo and aleurone tissues. The 5'-flanking region of OsOle5 was initially characterized for its responsiveness to ABA through a transient expression assay system using the protoplasts from suspension-cultured rice cells...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526982/pre-drought-priming-sustains-grain-development-under-post-anthesis-drought-stress-by-regulating-the-growth-hormones-in-winter-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#2
Muhammad Abid, Yuhang Shao, Sixi Liu, Feng Wang, Jingwen Gao, Dong Jiang, Zhongwei Tian, Tingbo Dai
Drought stress during grain filling is the most yield-damaging to wheat. Pre-drought priming facilitated the wheat plants to sustain grain development against the post-anthesis drought stress by modulating the levels of growth hormones. Post-anthesis drought stress substantially reduces grain yield in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) due to impaired grain development associated with imbalanced levels of growth hormones. To investigate whether pre-drought priming could sustain grain development in wheat by regulating favorable levels of growth hormones under post-anthesis drought conditions, the plants of a drought-sensitive (Yangmai-16) and drought-tolerant (Luhan-7) wheat cultivar were exposed to a moderate drought stress during tillering (Feekes 2 stage) for priming, and then, a subsequent severe drought stress was applied from 7 to 14 days after anthesis...
May 19, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516122/two-electrode-voltage-clamp-recordings-in-xenopus-laevis-oocytes-reconstitution-of-abscisic-acid-activation-of-slac1-anion-channel-via-pyl9-aba-receptor
#3
Cun Wang, Jingbo Zhang, Julian I Schroeder
Two-Electrode Voltage-Clamp (TEVC) recording in Xenopus laevis oocytes provides a powerful method to investigate the functions and regulation of ion channel proteins. This approach provides a well-known tool to characterize ion channels or transporters expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. The plasma membrane of the oocyte is impaled by two microelectrodes, one for voltage sensing and the other one for current injection. Here we list a protocol that allows robust reconstitution of multi-component signaling pathways...
January 20, 2017: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515733/stable-internal-reference-genes-for-normalizing-real-time-quantitative-pcr-in-baphicacanthus-cusia-under-hormonal-stimuli-and-uv-irradiation-and-in-different-plant-organs
#4
Yuxiang Huang, Hexin Tan, Jian Yu, Yue Chen, Zhiying Guo, Guoquan Wang, Qinglei Zhang, Junfeng Chen, Lei Zhang, Yong Diao
Baphicacanthus cusia (Nees) Bremek, the plant source for many kinds of drugs in traditional Chinese medicine, is widely distributed in South China, especially in Fujian. Recent studies about B. cusia mainly focus on its chemical composition and pharmacological effects, but further analysis of the plant's gene functions and expression is required to better understand the synthesis of its effective compounds. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) is a powerful method for gene expression analysis...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512461/transcriptional-responses-to-pre-flowering-leaf-defoliation-in-grapevine-berry-from-different-growing-sites-years-and-genotypes
#5
Sara Zenoni, Silvia Dal Santo, Giovanni B Tornielli, Erica D'Incà, Ilaria Filippetti, Chiara Pastore, Gianluca Allegro, Oriana Silvestroni, Vania Lanari, Antonino Pisciotta, Rosario Di Lorenzo, Alberto Palliotti, Sergio Tombesi, Matteo Gatti, Stefano Poni
Leaf removal is a grapevine canopy management technique widely used to modify the source-sink balance and/or microclimate around berry clusters to optimize fruit composition. In general, the removal of basal leaves before flowering reduces fruit set, hence achieving looser clusters, and improves grape composition since yield is generally curtailed more than proportionally to leaf area itself. Albeit responses to this practice seem quite consistent, overall vine performance is affected by genotype, environmental conditions, and severity of treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511115/apoplastic-ros-signaling-in-plant-immunity
#6
REVIEW
Junsheng Qi, Jinlong Wang, Zhizhong Gong, Jian-Min Zhou
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are widely produced in different cellular compartments under both biotic and abiotic stress conditions. ROS play a central role in plant signaling and regulate diverse cellular processes. Recent advances are shedding new light on sophisticated mechanisms controlling ROS biogenesis and signaling in plant immunity. In this review, we summarize our current understanding of the regulation of apoplastic ROS production in response to microbial molecular patterns and draw comparison with abscisic acid (ABA)-induced apoplastic ROS...
May 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510189/multiple-regulatory-roles-of-ap2-erf-transcription-factor-in-angiosperm
#7
REVIEW
Chao Gu, Zhi-Hua Guo, Ping-Ping Hao, Guo-Ming Wang, Zi-Ming Jin, Shao-Ling Zhang
APETALA2/ethylene response factor (AP2/ERF) transcription factor (TF) is a superfamily in plant kingdom, which has been reported to be involved in regulation of plant growth and development, fruit ripening, defense response, and metabolism. As the final response gene in ethylene signaling pathway, AP2/ERF TF could feedback modulate phytohormone biosynthesis, including ethylene, cytokinin, gibberellin, and abscisic acid. Moreover, AP2/ERF TF also participates in response to the signals of auxin, cytokinin, abscisic acid, and jasmonate...
December 2017: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508121/overexpression-of-smmyb9b-enhances-tanshinone-concentration-in-salvia-miltiorrhiza-hairy-roots
#8
Jingxian Zhang, Lubin Zhou, Xiaoyu Zheng, Jinjia Zhang, Li Yang, Ronghui Tan, Shujuan Zhao
A Salvia miltiorrhiza R2R3-MYB gene, SmMYB9b , has been cloned and characterized. Overexpression of SmMYB9b resulted in a significant improvement of tanshinones, the lipophilic active ingredients in danshen hairy roots. Plant R2R3-MYB transcription factors play important roles in various physiological and biochemical processes. Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza bunge) is a valuable medicinal herb with tanshinones and salvianolic acids as the principal bioactive ingredients. A number of putative R2R3-MYB transcription factors have been identified in the plant, but their function remains to be studied...
May 15, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507556/differential-effects-of-phosphatidylinositol-4-kinase-pi4k-and-3-kinase-pi3k-inhibitors-on-stomatal-responses-to-environmental-signals
#9
Sho Takahashi, Keina Monda, Takumi Higaki, Mimi Hashimoto-Sugimoto, Juntaro Negi, Seiichiro Hasezawa, Koh Iba
Specific cellular components including products of phosphatidylinositol (PI) metabolism play an important role as signaling molecules in stomatal responses to environmental signals. In this study, pharmacological inhibitors of a set of cellular components, including PI4-kinase (PI4K) and PI3K, were used to investigate stomatal closure in response to CO2, darkness, and abscisic acid (ABA). Treatment with PAO, a specific inhibitor of PI4K, specifically inhibited the stomatal response to CO2 compared with that to darkness and ABA...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505092/molecular-characterization-and-expression-profiling-of-tomato-grf-transcription-factor-family-genes-in-response-to-abiotic-stresses-and-phytohormones
#10
Khadiza Khatun, Arif Hasan Khan Robin, Jong-In Park, Ujjal Kumar Nath, Chang Kil Kim, Ki-Byung Lim, Ill Sup Nou, Mi-Young Chung
Growth regulating factors (GRFs) are plant-specific transcription factors that are involved in diverse biological and physiological processes, such as growth, development and stress and hormone responses. However, the roles of GRFs in vegetative and reproductive growth, development and stress responses in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) have not been extensively explored. In this study, we characterized the 13 SlGRF genes. In silico analysis of protein motif organization, intron-exon distribution, and phylogenetic classification confirmed the presence of GRF proteins in tomato...
May 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503186/the-pepper-ring-finger-e3-ligase-cadir1-regulates-the-drought-stress-response-via-aba-mediated-signaling
#11
Hyunhee Joo, Chae Woo Lim, Sang-Wook Han, Sung Chul Lee
Drought stress from soil or air limits plant growth and development, leading to a reduction in crop productivity. Several E3 ligases positively or negatively regulate the drought stress response. In the present study, we show that the pepper (Capsicum annuum) Drought Induced RING type E3 ligase 1, CaDIR1, regulates the drought stress response via abscisic acid (ABA)-mediated signaling. CaDIR1 contains a C3HC4-type RING finger domain in the N-terminal region; this domain functions during protein degradation via attachment of ubiquitins to the substrate target proteins...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501148/simultaneous-determination-of-acidic-phytohormones-in-cucumbers-and-green-bean-sprouts-by-ion-pair-stir-bar-sorptive-extraction-high-performance-liquid-chromatography
#12
Wei Wang, Man He, Beibei Chen, Bin Hu
A simple, sensitive and inexpensive method of ion-pair stir bar sorptive extraction (IP-SBSE) combined with high performance liquid chromatography -ultraviolet (HPLC-UV) detection was developed for the simultaneous determination of three acidic phytohormones (salicylic acid (SA), indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), and abscisic acid (ABA)) in vegetables. With the addition of cationic surfactant-cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) in sample solutions, ion pair between CTAB and target phytohormones were formed, leading to an improvement of the extraction efficiency for target phytohormones by C18 silica coated SBSE...
August 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500704/meta-analysis-of-the-transcriptome-reveals-a-core-set-of-shade-avoidance-genes-in-arabidopsis
#13
Romina Sellaro, Manuel Pacín, Jorge J Casal
The presence of neighboring vegetation modifies the light input perceived by photo-sensory receptors, initiating a signaling cascade that adjusts plant growth and physiology. Thousands of genes can change their expression during this process, but the structure of the transcriptional circuit is poorly understood. Here we present a meta-analysis of transcriptome data from Arabidopsis thaliana exposed to neighbor signals in different contexts, including organs where growth is promoted or inhibited by these signals...
May 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499417/genome-wide-characterization-and-expression-analyses-of-superoxide-dismutase-sod-genes-in-gossypium-hirsutum
#14
Wei Wang, Xiaopei Zhang, Fenni Deng, Rui Yuan, Fafu Shen
BACKGROUND: Superoxide dismutases (SODs) are a key antioxidant enzyme family, which have been implicated in protecting plants against the toxic effects of reactive oxygen species. Despite current studies have shown that the gene family are involved in plant growth and developmental processes and biotic and abiotic stress responses, little is known about its functional role in upland cotton. RESULTS: In the present study, we comprehensively analyzed the characteristics of the SOD gene family in upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum)...
May 12, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499204/simultaneous-determination-of-nine-phytohormones-in-seaweed-and-algae-extracts-by-hplc-pda
#15
Bogusława Górka, Piotr P Wieczorek
An RP-HPLC-PDA method for the simultaneous analysis of 9 compounds deriving from the phytohormones class was developed and optimized, namely indoleacetic acid (IAA), indolebutyric acid (IBA), phenyleacetic acid (PAA), naphtyleacetic acid (NAA), trans-zeatin (TZ), kinetin (KA), isopentenyladenine (IA), 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BA) and abscisic acid (ABA). Validation of the method was performed on the SFE-CO2 extract made out of the mixture of Baltic algae. The regression coefficients for plant hormones were in the range from 0...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498521/does-drought-stress-modify-the-effects-of-plant-growth-promoting-rhizobacteria-on-an-aboveground-chewing-herbivore
#16
Maite Fernández de Bobadilla, Julia Friman, Nurmi Pangesti, Marcel Dicke, Joop J A van Loon, Ana Pineda
Soil microbes have important effects on the interactions of plants with their environment, by promoting plant growth, inducing resistance to pests or by conferring tolerance to abiotic stress. However, their effects are variable and the factors responsible for this variation are mainly unknown. Our aim was to assess how drought stress modifies the effect of the non-pathogenic rhizobacterium Pseudomonas simiae WCS417r on plant growth and resistance against the generalist leaf-chewing caterpillar Mamestra brassicae...
May 12, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498020/cell-cycle-genes-are-activated-earlier-than-respiratory-genes-during-release-of-grapevine-buds-from-endodormancy
#17
Ximena Noriega, Francisco J Pérez
Single-bud cuttings of Vitis vinifera L exposed to forced growing conditions were used to investigate the involvement of phytohormones, abscisic acid (ABA), auxin (Aux) and cytokinin (CK) in the release of buds from the ED and in bud-sprouting. This artificial system imitates and hastens the natural sprouting that occurs in spring. Temporal expression analysis of genes related to phytohormones synthesis, showed an early drop in the expression of ABA biosynthesis gene that preceded an increase in Aux and CK biosynthesis genes...
May 12, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496453/grapevine-grafting-scion-transcript-profiling-and-defense-related-metabolites-induced-by-rootstocks
#18
Walter Chitarra, Irene Perrone, Carla G Avanzato, Andrea Minio, Paolo Boccacci, Deborah Santini, Giovanna Gilardi, Ilenia Siciliano, Maria L Gullino, Massimo Delledonne, Franco Mannini, Giorgio Gambino
Rootstocks are among the main factors that influence grape development as well as fruit and wine composition. In this work, rootstock/scion interactions were studied using transcriptomic and metabolic approaches on leaves of the "Gaglioppo" variety, grafted onto 13 different rootstocks growing in the same vineyard. The whole leaf transcriptome of "Gaglioppo" grafted onto five selected rootstocks showed high variability in gene expression. In particular, significant modulation of transcripts linked to primary and secondary metabolism was observed...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496196/tapimp2-a-pathogen-induced-myb-protein-in-wheat-contributes-to-host-resistance-to-common-root-rot-caused-by-bipolaris-sorokiniana
#19
Xuening Wei, Tianlei Shan, Yantao Hong, Huijun Xu, Xin Liu, Zengyan Zhang
MYB transcription factors (TFs) have been implicated in various biology processes in model plants. However, functions of the great majority of MYB TFs in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) have not been characterized. The soil-borne fungal pathogens Bipolaris sorokiniana and Rhizoctonia cerealis are the causal agents of important destructive diseases of wheat. Here, the TaPIMP2 gene, encoding a pathogen-induced MYB protein in wheat, was isolated through comparative transcriptomic analysis, and its defensive role was studied...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494202/abscisic-acid-signaling-is-involved-in-regulating-the-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-cascade-module-aik1-mkk5-mpk6
#20
Kun Li, Fengbo Yang, Yuchen Miao, Chun-Peng Song
Abscisic acid (ABA) plays roles in plant growth and development and in stress responses. Recently, we found that ABA regulates ABA-insensitive protein kinase 1 (AIK1), a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase. Compared with wild-type, aik1-1 showed down-regulation of ABA-responsive genes (RD29A, MYC2, ABI3 and ABI4). Under ABA treatment, the transcript level of KRP1 (Kip-related protein, a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor) was lower in aik1-1 than in wild-type. The activity of ABA-activated MPK6 was decreased in abi1 abi2, and abi1 abi2 hab1, and increased in snrk2...
May 11, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
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