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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052969/long-distance-aba-transport-can-mediate-distal-tissue-responses-by-affecting-local-aba-concentrations
#1
Wenrao Li, Carlos de Ollas, Ian C Dodd
Environmental stresses that perturb plant water relations influence abscisic acid (ABA) concentrations, but it is unclear whether long-distance ABA transport contributes to changes in local ABA levels. To determine the physiological relevance of ABA transport, we made reciprocal- and self-grafts of ABA-deficient flacca mutant and wild-type (WT) tomato plants, in which low phosphorus (P) conditions decreased ABA concentrations while salinity increased ABA concentrations. Whereas foliar ABA concentrations in the WT scions were rootstock independent under normal conditions, salinity resulted in long-distance transport of ABA: flacca scions had approximately twice as much ABA when grafted on WT rootstocks compared to flacca rootstocks...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052505/transcriptome-assembly-in-suaeda-aralocaspica-to-reveal-the-distinct-temporal-gene-mirna-alterations-between-the-dimorphic-seeds-during-germination
#2
Lei Wang, Hong-Ling Wang, Lan Yin, Chang-Yan Tian
BACKGROUND: Dimorphic seeds from Suaeda aralocaspica exhibit different germination behaviors that are thought to be a bet-hedging strategy advantageous in harsh and unpredictable environments. To understand the molecular mechanisms of Suaeda aralocaspica dimorphic seed germination, we applied RNA sequencing and small RNA sequencing for samples collected at three germination stages. RESULTS: A total of 79,414 transcripts were assembled using Trinity, of which 57...
October 19, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051820/vqmapkkk38-is-essential-for-stilbene-accumulation-in-grapevine
#3
Yuntong Jiao, Dan Wang, Lan Wang, Changyue Jiang, Yuejin Wang
Vitis species, including grapevine, produce a class of secondary metabolites called stilbenes that are important for plant disease resistance and can have positive effects on human health. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascades not only play key roles in plant defense responses but also contribute to stilbene biosynthesis in grapevine. MAPKKKs function at the upper level of the MAPK network and initiate signaling through this pathway. In this study, a Raf-like MAPKKK gene, VqMAPKKK38, was identified and functionally characterized from the Chinese wild grapevine V...
2017: Horticulture Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051198/abscisic-acid-induced-reactive-oxygen-species-are-modulated-by-flavonols-to-control-stomata-aperture
#4
Justin Watkins, Jordan M Chapman, Gloria K Muday
Abscisic acid (ABA) increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) in guard cells to close Arabidopsis stomata. In Solanum lycopersicum we find that ABA increased ROS is followed by stomatal closure and both responses are blocked by inhibitors of ROS-producing respiratory burst oxidase enzymes. ABA-induced ROS sensor fluorescence accumulates in the nucleus, chloroplasts, and in endomembranes. Accumulation of flavonol antioxidants in guard cells, but not surrounding pavement cells, were visualized by confocal microscopy using a flavonol-specific fluorescent dye...
October 19, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047263/cross-talk-between-phosphate-starvation-and-other-environmental-stress-signaling-pathways-in-plants
#5
Dongwon Baek, Hyun Jin Chun, Dae-Jin Yun, Min Chul Kim
The maintenance of inorganic phosphate (Pi) homeostasis is essential for plant growth and yield. Plants have evolved strategies to cope with Pi starvation at the transcriptional, post-transcriptional, and post-translational levels, which maximizes its availability. Many transcription factors, miRNAs, and transporters participate in the Pi starvation signaling pathway where their activities are modulated by sugar and phytohormone signaling. Environmental stresses significantly affect the uptake and utilization of nutrients by plants, but their effects on the Pi starvation response remain unclear...
October 17, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046687/how-do-plants-and-phytohormones-accomplish-heterophylly-leaf-phenotypic-plasticity-in-response-to-environmental-cues
#6
REVIEW
Hokuto Nakayama, Neelima R Sinha, Seisuke Kimura
Plant species are known to respond to variations in environmental conditions. Many plant species have the ability to alter their leaf morphology in response to such changes. This phenomenon is termed heterophylly and is widespread among land plants. In some cases, heterophylly is thought to be an adaptive mechanism that allows plants to optimally respond to environmental heterogeneity. Recently, many research studies have investigated the occurrence of heterophylly in a wide variety of plants. Several studies have suggested that heterophylly in plants is regulated by phytohormones...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046679/overexpression-of-npr1-in-brassica-juncea-confers-broad-spectrum-resistance-to-fungal-pathogens
#7
Sajad Ali, Zahoor A Mir, Anshika Tyagi, Hailay Mehari, Rajendra P Meena, Javaid A Bhat, Prashant Yadav, Pradeep Papalou, Sandhya Rawat, Anita Grover
Brassica juncea (Indian mustard) is a commercially important oil seed crop, which is highly affected by many biotic stresses. Among them, Alternaria leaf blight and powdery mildew are the most devastating diseases leading to huge yield losses in B. juncea around the world. In this regard, genetic engineering is a promising tool that may possibly allow us to enhance the B. juncea disease resistance against these pathogens. NPR1 (non-expressor of pathogen-related gene 1) is a bonafide receptor of salicylic acid (SA) which modulates multiple immune responses in plants especially activation of induced and systemic acquired resistance (SAR)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045717/interaction-between-calcium-and-potassium-modulates-elongation-rate-in-cotton-fiber-cells
#8
Kai Guo, Lili Tu, Yonghui He, Jinwu Deng, Maojun Wang, Hui Huang, Zhonghua Li, Xianlong Zhang, Miriam Gifford
Calcium (Ca2+) is necessary for fiber cell development in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum), both as a cell wall structural component and for environmental signaling responses. It is also known that potassium (K+) plays a critical role in cotton fiber cell elongation. However, it is unclear whether Ca2+ integrates its activities with K+ to regulate fiber elongation. Here, we report the novel discovery that Ca2+ deficiency, when integrated with K+ signaling, promotes fiber elongation. Using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), we determined dynamic profiles of the ionome in ovules and fibers at different developmental stages, and found that a high accumulation of macro-elements, but not Ca2+, was associated with longer fibers...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044697/atrae1-is-involved-in-degradation-of-aba-receptor-rcar1-and-negatively-regulates-aba-signaling-in-arabidopsis
#9
Dekuan Li, Liang Zhang, Xiaoyi Li, Xiangge Kong, Xiaoyu Wang, Ying Li, Zhibin Liu, Jianmei Wang, Xufeng Li, Yi Yang
The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays an important role in regulating plant growth, development and adaption to various environmental stresses. Regulatory components of ABA receptors (RCARs, also known as PYR/PYLs) sense ABA and initiate ABA signaling through inhibiting the activities of protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C) in Arabidopsis. However, the way in which ABA receptors are regulated is not well known. A DWD protein AtRAE1 (for RNA export factor 1 in Arabidopsis), which may act as a substrate receptor of CUL4-DDB1 E3 ligase, is an interacting partner of RCAR1/PYL9...
October 18, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038909/citrus-plants-exude-proline-and-phytohormones-under-abiotic-stress-conditions
#10
Vicente Vives-Peris, Aurelio Gómez-Cadenas, Rosa María Pérez-Clemente
This article describes the root exudation of proline and phytohormones in citrus and their involvement in salt- and heat-stress responses. Plants are constantly releasing several compounds to the rhizosphere through their roots, including primary and secondary metabolites. Root exudation can be affected by growth conditions, including pH, nutrient availability, soil salinity, or temperature. In vitro-cultured plants of two citrus genotypes with contrasting tolerance to salt- and heat-stress conditions were used as plant material...
October 16, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035318/the-role-of-the-s40-gene-family-in-leaf-senescence
#11
REVIEW
Muhammad Jehanzeb, Xiangzi Zheng, Ying Miao
Senescence affect different traits of plants, such as the ripening of fruit, number, quality and timing of seed maturation. While senescence is induced by age, growth hormones and different environmental stresses, a highly organized genetic mechanism related to substantial changes in gene expression regulates the process. Only a few genes associated to senescence have been identified in crop plants despite the vital significance of senescence for crop yield. The S40 gene family has been shown to play a role in leaf senescence...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033968/dancing-with-hormones-a-current-perspective-of-nitrate-signaling-and-regulation-in-arabidopsis
#12
REVIEW
Peizhu Guan
In nature and agriculture, nitrate availability is a main environmental cue for plant growth, development and stress responses. Nitrate signaling and regulation are hence at the center of communications between plant intrinsic programs and the environment. It is also well known that endogenous phytohormones play numerous critical roles in integrating extrinsic cues and intrinsic responses, regulating and refining almost all aspects of plant growth, development and stress responses. Therefore, interaction between nitrate and phytohormones, such as auxins, cytokinins, abscisic acid, gibberellins, and ethylene, is prevalent...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030481/antisense-transcription-represses-arabidopsis-seed-dormancy-qtl-dog1-to-regulate-drought-tolerance
#13
Ruslan Yatusevich, Halina Fedak, Arkadiusz Ciesielski, Katarzyna Krzyczmonik, Anna Kulik, Grazyna Dobrowolska, Szymon Swiezewski
Plants have developed multiple strategies to sense the external environment and to adapt growth accordingly. Delay of germination 1 (DOG1) is a major quantitative trait locus (QTL) for seed dormancy strength in Arabidopsis thaliana that is reported to be expressed exclusively in seeds. DOG1 is extensively regulated, with an antisense transcript (asDOG1) suppressing its expression in seeds. Here, we show that asDOG1 shows high levels in mature plants where it suppresses DOG1 expression under standard growth conditions...
October 13, 2017: EMBO Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027659/a-novel-cotton-wrky-gene-ghwrky6-like-improves-salt-tolerance-by-activating-the-aba-signalling-pathway-and-scavenging-of-reactive-oxygen-species
#14
Abid Ullah, Heng Sun, Hakim, Xiyan Yang, Xianlong Zhang
WRKY transcription factors are transcriptional regulators of signalling pathways involved in biotic and abiotic stress responses. In this study, we report that ectopic expression of the GhWRKY6-like gene significantly improved salt tolerance in Arabidopsis while silencing the GhWRKY6-like increase the sensitivity to abiotic stresses in cotton. GhWRKY6-like was localized to the nucleus. Expression of GhWRKY6-like was remarkably induced by salt, ethylene glycol (PEG) and abscisic acid (ABA) treatments. For further characterization, the GhWRKY6-like gene was cloned and transformed into Arabidopsis...
October 13, 2017: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024850/combined-effects-of-fungal-inoculants-and-the-cytokinin-like-growth-regulator-thidiazuron-on-growth-phytohormone-contents-and-endophytic-root-fungi-in-miscanthus%C3%A2-%C3%A3-giganteus
#15
Christoph Stephan Schmidt, Libor Mrnka, Tomaš Frantík, Václav Motyka, Petre I Dobrev, Miroslav Vosátka
Aim of this study was to investigate main effects and interactions between symbiotic fungi and the cytokinin-like growth regulator thidiazuron (TDZ) in Miscanthus × giganteus. The arbuscular mycorrhiza fungus Rhizophagus intraradices (AMF) and the endophyte Piriformospora indica (PI) were chosen as model symbionts. The fungal inoculants and TDZ had no significant effect on plant growth but modulated phytohormone levels in the leaves. TDZ induced accumulation of salicylic acid in controls, but not in plants inoculated with fungi...
September 23, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020924/plant-jasmonate-zim-domain-genes-shedding-light-on-structure-and-expression-patterns-of-jaz-gene-family-in-sugarcane
#16
Feng Liu, Tingting Sun, Ling Wang, Weihua Su, Shiwu Gao, Yachun Su, Liping Xu, Youxiong Que
BACKGROUND: Sugarcane smut caused by Sporisorium scitamineum is one of the most severe fungal diseases in the sugarcane industry. Using a molecular biological technique to mine sugarcane resistance genes can provide gene resources for further genetic engineering of sugarcane disease-resistant breeding. Jasmonate ZIM (zinc-finger inflorescence meristem) domain (JAZ) proteins, which involved in the responses to plant pathogens and abiotic stresses, are important signaling molecules of the jasmonic acid (JA) pathway...
October 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016956/chickpea-wrky70-regulates-the-expression-of-a-homeodomain-leucine-zipper-hd-zip-i-transcription-factor-cahdz12-which-confers-abiotic-stress-tolerance-in-transgenic-tobacco-and-chickpea
#17
Senjuti Sen, Joydeep Chakraborty, Prithwi Ghosh, Debabrata Basu, Sampa Das
Drought and salinity are the two major environmental constraints that severely affect global agricultural productivity. Plant-specific HD-Zip transcription factors are involved in plant growth, development and stress responses. In the present study, we explored the functional characteristics and regulation of a novel HD-Zip (I) gene from chickpea, CaHDZ12, in response to water-deficit and salt-stress conditions. Transgenic tobacco lines overexpressing CaHDZ12 exhibited improved tolerance to osmotic stresses and increased sensitivity to abscisic acid (ABA)...
September 11, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993661/metabolic-signatures-in-response-to-abscisic-acid-aba-treatment-in-brassica-napus-guard-cells-revealed-by-metabolomics
#18
Mengmeng Zhu, Sarah M Assmann
Drought can severely damage crops, resulting in major yield losses. During drought, vascular land plants conserve water via stomatal closure. Each stomate is bordered by a pair of guard cells that shrink in response to drought and the associated hormone abscisic acid (ABA). The activation of complex intracellular signaling networks underlies these responses. Therefore, analysis of guard cell metabolites is fundamental for elucidation of guard cell signaling pathways. Brassica napus is an important oilseed crop for human consumption and biodiesel production...
October 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988107/calcium-dependent-protein-kinase-21-phosphorylates-14-3-3-proteins-in-response-to-aba-signaling-and-salt-stress-in-rice
#19
Yixing Chen, Xiaojin Zhou, Shu Chang, Zhilin Chu, Hanmeng Wang, Shengcheng Han, Yingdian Wang
The calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) are a class of plant-specific kinase that directly bind Ca(2+) and mediate the calcium-signaling pathways to play important physiological roles in growth and development. The rice genome contains 31 CDPK genes, one of which, OsCPK21, is known to modulate the abscisic acid (ABA) and salt stress responses in this crop; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying this regulation are largely unknown. In the present study, we performed yeast two-hybrid screening, glutathione S-transferase pull-down, co-immunoprecipitation, and bimolecular fluorescence complementation assays to confirm the interaction between OsCPK21 and one of its putative targets, Os14-3-3 (OsGF14e)...
October 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987886/the-ph-of-the-apoplast-dynamic-factor-with-functional-impact-under-stress
#20
REVIEW
Christoph-Martin Geilfus
The apoplast is an interconnected compartment with a thin water-film that alkalinizes under stress. This systemic pH increase may be a secondary effect without functional implication, arising from ion movements or proton-pump regulations. On the other hand, indications increase that it is part of a mechanism to withstand stress. Regardless this controversy, the alkalinization has received little attention. The apoplastic pH (pHapo) does not only increase during plant-pathogen interactions but also in response to salinity or drought...
October 5, 2017: Molecular Plant
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