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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819199/transcriptome-analysis-of-the-effects-of-shell-removal-and-exogenous-gibberellin-on-germination-of-zanthoxylum-seeds
#1
Jikang Sun, Ping Wang, Tao Zhou, Jian Rong, Hao Jia, Zhiming Liu
The zanthoxylum seeds are oil-rich and have a very thick, dense and oily shell. In the natural conditions the seeds have a very low germination rate. Prior to treatment with GAs to promote germination, the seeds were usually soaked in sulfuric acid to remove shells easily. A high-throughput sequencing of mRNAs was performed to investigate the effects of the above treatments on the germination of zanthoxylum seeds. Seven libraries were assembled into 100,982 unigenes and 59,509 unigenes were annotated. We focused on the expression profiles of the key genes related to the oil metabolisms and hormone regulations during seed germination...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818467/mathematical-modelling-and-analysis-of-the-brassinosteroid-and-gibberellin-signalling-pathways-and-their-interactions
#2
Henry R Allen, Mariya Ptashnyk
The plant hormones brassinosteroid (BR) and gibberellin (GA) have important roles in a wide range of processes involved in plant growth and development. In this paper we derive and analyse new mathematical models for the BR signalling pathway and for the crosstalk between the BR and GA signalling pathways. To analyse the effects of spatial heterogeneity of the signalling processes, along with spatially-homogeneous ODE models we derive coupled PDE-ODE systems modelling the temporal and spatial dynamics of molecules involved in the signalling pathways...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818388/genetic-analysis-of-rootstock-mediated-nitrogen-n-uptake-and-root-to-shoot-signalling-at-contrasting-n-availabilities-in-tomato
#3
M J Asins, A Albacete, C Martinez-Andujar, F Pérez-Alfocea, I C Dodd, E A Carbonell, J A Dieleman
Selecting rootstocks for high nitrogen acquisition ability may allow decreased N fertilizer application without reducing tomato yields, minimizing environmental nitrate pollution. A commercial hybrid tomato variety was grafted on a genotyped population of 130 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from Solanum pimpinellifolium, and compared with self- and non-grafted controls under contrasting nitrate availabilities (13.8 vs 1.0mM) in the nutrient solution. Grafting itself altered xylem sap composition under N-sufficient conditions, particularly Na(+) (8...
October 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818379/influence-of-tagw2-6a-on-seed-development-in-wheat-by-negatively-regulating-gibberellin-synthesis
#4
Qingyan Li, Liqun Li, Yan Liu, Qian Lv, Heng Zhang, Jian Zhu, Xuejun Li
Gibberellins (GA) are involved in seed development and E3 ubiquitin-ligases actively participate in GA perception and signal transduction. TaGW2-6A encodes a RING E3 ubiquitin-ligase that negatively regulates grain size. Therefore, Chinese Spring (CS) and its TaGW2-6A allelic variants (NIL31) were investigated to elucidate the relative contribution of GA to the regulation of seed development in wheat. The expression levels of GA biosynthesis and response genes were higher in NIL31 than CS, especially those of GA 3-oxidase and GASA4...
October 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818369/brassinosteroid-and-gibberellin-control-of-seedling-traits-in-maize-zea-mays-l
#5
Songlin Hu, Darlene L Sanchez, Cuiling Wang, Alexander E Lipka, Yanhai Yin, Candice A C Gardner, Thomas Lübberstedt
In this study, we established two doubled haploid (DH) libraries with a total of 207 DH lines. We applied BR and GA inhibitors to all DH lines at seedling stage and measured seedling BR and GA inhibitor responses. Moreover, we evaluated field traits for each DH line (untreated). We conducted genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with 62,049 genome wide SNPs to explore the genetic control of seedling traits by BR and GA. In addition, we correlate seedling stage hormone inhibitor response with field traits. Large variation for BR and GA inhibitor response and field traits was observed across these DH lines...
October 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816584/how-dellas-contribute-to-control-potassium-uptake-under-conditions-of-potassium-scarcity-hypotheses-and-uncertainties
#6
Sonia Oliferuk, Adriana Pérez, Vicente Martinez, Reyes Ródenas, Francisco Rubio, Guillermo E Santa María
Maintenance of the inward transport of potassium (K) by roots is a critical step to ensure K-nutrition for all plant tissues. When plants are grown at low external K concentrations a strong enhancement of the activity of the AtHAK5 transporter takes place. In a recent work, we observed that the gai-1 mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana, which bears an altered function version of a DELLA regulatory protein, displays reduced accumulation of AtHAK5 transcripts and reduced uptake of Rubidium, an analogue for K. In this Addendum we discuss some hypotheses and uncertainties regarding how DELLAs could contribute to the control of K uptake under those conditions...
August 17, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811017/improved-methodology-for-analysis-of-multiple-phytohormones-using-sequential-magnetic-solid-phase-extraction-coupled-with-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#7
Xiao-Tong Luo, Bao-Dong Cai, Xi Chen, Yu-Qi Feng
Phytohormones are special small molecules that play important role in plant growth and development at trace levels. Quantification of multiple phytohormones will be great helpful for researches about cross-talks that plant hormones regulate the responses of plants against both biotic and abiotic stresses by means of synergistic or antagonistic interactions. In the current study, we developed a method for profiling of phytohormones in one small sample, including indole-3-acetic acid, abscisic acid, jasmonic acid, gibberellins, cytokinins and brassinosteroids...
August 29, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783368/spatial-profiling-of-gibberellins-in-a-single-leaf-based-on-micro-scale-matrix-solid-phase-dispersion-and-pre-column-derivatization-coupled-with-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#8
Ting Deng, Dapeng Wu, Chunfeng Duan, Xiaohui Yan, Yan Du, Jun Zou, Yafeng Guan
A spatial-resolved analysis method for profiling of gibberellins (GAs) in a single leaf was developed based on micro-scale sample preparation and pre-column derivatization coupled with ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). The proposed micro-scale sample preparation was based on modified matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) method, in which the plant sample (< 1 mg) and C18 sorbent were ground together in one microcentrifuge tube, and then extraction solvent was added followed by centrifugation...
August 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782634/a-new-allergen-family-involved-in-pollen-food-associated-syndrome-snakin-gibberellin-regulated-proteins
#9
Hélène Sénéchal, Jiří Šantrůček, Magdalena Melčová, Petr Svoboda, Jarmila Zídková, Denis Charpin, Laurence Guilloux, Youcef Shahali, Marie-Ange Selva, Rémy Couderc, Tomoyasu Aizawa, Pascal Poncet
At least two pollen food associated syndromes were described with cypress pollen allergy involving peach and citrus. Snakin/gibberellin regulated proteins are described herein to be the cross-reactive allergens between Cupressus sempervirens pollen and fruit/vegetables.
August 3, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769950/transcriptome-analysis-of-calcium-and-hormone-related-gene-expressions-during-different-stages-of-peanut-pod-development
#10
Yan Li, Jingjing Meng, Sha Yang, Feng Guo, Jialei Zhang, Yun Geng, Li Cui, Shubo Wan, Xinguo Li
Peanut is one of the calciphilous plants. Calcium serves as a ubiquitous central hub in a large number of signaling pathways. In the field, free calcium ion (Ca(2+))-deficient soil can result in unfilled pods. Four pod stages were analyzed to determine the relationship between Ca(2+) excretion and pod development. Peanut shells showed Ca(2+) excretion at all four stages; however, both the embryo of Stage 4 (S4) and the red skin of Stage 3 (S3) showed Ca(2+) absorbance. These results showed that embryo and red skin of peanut need Ca(2+) during development...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761993/coumarin-impairs-redox-homeostasis-in-wheat-aleurone-layers
#11
Ahmed M Saleh, Rashad Kebeish
Many plant families produce coumarin (COU) and its derivatives as secondary metabolites via the phenylpropanoid biosynthetic pathway. This ubiquitous group of phytochemicals was shown to have diverse physiological effects on cellular, tissue, and organ levels. So far, research dealing with the hormonal like behavior of COU and its interaction with the activity and/or transport of phytohormones is very limited. In the current study, the impact of COU on redox homeostasis in aleurone layers of wheat grains was investigated...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756347/wheat-and-rye-genome-confer-specific-phytohormone-profile-features-and-interplay-under-water-stress-in-two-phenotypes-of-triticale
#12
Tomasz Hura, Michał Dziurka, Katarzyna Hura, Agnieszka Ostrowska, Kinga Dziurka, Joanna Gadzinowska
The aim of the experiment was to determine phytohormone profile of triticale and quality-based relationships between the analyzed groups of phytohormones. The study involved two triticale phenotypes, a long-stemmed one and a semi-dwarf one with Dw1 gene, differing in mechanisms of acclimation to drought and controlled by wheat or rye genome. Water deficit in the leaves triggered a specific phytohormone response in both winter triticale phenotypes attributable to the dominance of wheat (semi-dwarf cultivar) or rye (long-stemmed cultivar) genome...
July 19, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750086/gene-expression-and-metabolite-profiling-of-gibberellin-biosynthesis-during-induction-of-somatic-embryogenesis-in-medicago-truncatula-gaertn
#13
Rafał Igielski, Ewa Kępczyńska
Gibberellins (GAs) are involved in the regulation of numerous developmental processes in plants including zygotic embryogenesis, but their biosynthesis and role during somatic embryogenesis (SE) is mostly unknown. In this study we show that during three week- long induction phase, when cells of leaf explants from non-embryogenic genotype (M9) and embryogenic variant (M9-10a) were forming the callus, all the bioactive gibberellins from non-13-hydroxylation (GA4, GA7) and 13-hydroxylation (GA1, GA5, GA3, GA6) pathways were present, but the contents of only a few of them differed between the tested lines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735023/arabidopsis-wrky45-interacts-with-the-della-protein-rgl1-to-positively-regulate-age-triggered-leaf-senescence
#14
Ligang Chen, Shengyuan Xiang, Yanli Chen, Daibo Li, Diqiu Yu
Leaf senescence can be triggered and promoted by various environmental stressors, developmental cues, and endogenous hormone signals. Several lines of evidence have suggested the involvement of WRKY transcription factors in the regulation of leaf senescence, but the related signaling pathways and physiological mechanisms remain unclear. In the current study, we initially identified Arabidopsis thaliana WRKY DNA binding protein 45 (WRKY45) as a positive regulator of age-triggered leaf senescence. Mutation of WRKY45 resulted in enhanced leaf longevity in age-triggered senescence, whereas overexpression of WRKY45 significantly accelerated age-triggered leaf senescence...
July 19, 2017: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733593/fasciclin-like-arabinogalactan-proteins-ptflas-play-important-roles-in-ga-mediated-tension-wood-formation-in-populus
#15
Haihai Wang, Yanli Jin, Cuiting Wang, Bei Li, Chunmei Jiang, Zhencang Sun, Zhiping Zhang, Fanjing Kong, Hongxia Zhang
In Populus, the transcripts of fasciclin-like arabinogalactan proteins (FLAs) are accumulated in tension wood (TW) xylem, however their biological functions in TW formation are largely unknown. In this work, we demonstrated that PtFLA6, one of poplar TW-associated PtFLAs, was abundantly expressed in TW, and mainly localized in differentiating G-fibers. The bended stems of PtFLA6 antisense transgenic poplar showed decreased transcripts of PtFLAs, including PtFLA6, and reduced PtFLA6 like proteins, leading to inhibited TW differentiation and formation...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729698/dynamic-transcriptomic-analysis-of-the-early-response-of-female-flowers-of-populus-alba%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-p-glandulosa-to-pollination
#16
Pian Rao, Zhong Chen, Xiaoyu Yang, Kai Gao, Xiong Yang, Tianyun Zhao, Siyan Li, Bo Wu, Xinmin An
Pollination is an important event in plant sexual reproduction, and post-pollination response is an essential process for reproduction. Populus alba × P. glandulosa is used widely in scientific research, especially in cross breeding as parents. Adult female P. alba × P. glandulosa flowers are highly compatible with pollen from male P. tomentosa, but the early post-pollination response of flowers at the molecular levels is unclear. In this study, RNA-seq was employed to comprehensively understand the response of female P...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729527/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-of-the-floral-transition-in-rosa-chinensis-old-blush-and-r-odorata-var-gigantea
#17
Xuelian Guo, Chao Yu, Le Luo, Huihua Wan, Yushu Li, Jia Wang, Tangren Cheng, Huitang Pan, Qixiang Zhang
The floral transition is a crucial developmental event, but little is known about the underlying regulatory networks in seasonally and continuously flowering roses. In this study, we compared the genetic basis of flowering in two rose species, Rosa chinensis 'Old Blush', which flowers continuously, and R. odorata var. gigantea, which blooms in early spring. Gene ontology (GO) terms related to methylation, light reaction, and starch metabolism were enriched in R. odorata var. gigantea and terms associated with sugar metabolism were enriched in R...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726715/overexpression-of-the-osimp-gene-increases-the-accumulation-of-inositol-and-confers-enhanced-cold-tolerance-in-tobacco-through-modulation-of-the-antioxidant-enzymes-activities
#18
Rong-Xiang Zhang, Li-Jun Qin, De-Gang Zhao
Inositol is a cyclic polyol that is involved in various physiological processes, including signal transduction and stress adaptation in plants. l-myo-inositol monophosphatase (IMPase) is one of the metal-dependent phosphatase family members and catalyzes the last reaction step of biosynthesis of inositol. Although increased IMPase activity induced by abiotic stress has been reported in chickpea plants, the role and regulation of the IMP gene in rice (Oryza sativa L.) remains poorly understood. In the present work, we obtained a full-length cDNA sequence coding IMPase in the cold tolerant rice landraces in Gaogonggui, which is named as OsIMP...
July 20, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721585/cyp701a26-is-characterized-as-an-ent-kaurene-oxidase-with-putative-involvement-in-maize-gibberellin-biosynthesis
#19
Hongjie Mao, Qinqin Shen, Qiang Wang
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the ent-kaurene oxidase (KO) involved in maize (Zea mays) gibberellin (GA) biosynthesis. RESULTS: Two putative KO genes were identified in maize based on the homologous alignment. Biochemical characterization indicated that one of them encoded a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase (P450) CYP701A26, which reacted with ent-kaurene to form ent-kaurenoic acid, the key intermediate of GA biosynthesis. CYP701A26 showed constitutive expression in active growing tissues and no inducible expression, which led to putative designation of CYP701A26 as the ZmKO...
July 18, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716493/chemical-screening-and-development-of-novel-gibberellin-mimics
#20
Kai Jiang, Hiroaki Shimotakahara, Ming Luo, Masato Otani, Hidemitsu Nakamura, Said Salama Moselhy, Khalid Omer Abualnaja, Abdulrahman Labeed Al-Malki, Taha Abduallah Kumosani, Nobutaka Kitahata, Takeshi Nakano, Masatoshi Nakajima, Tadao Asami
Gibberellin (GA) plays versatile roles in the regulation of plant growth and development and therefore is widely used as a regulator in agriculture. We performed a chemical library screening and identified a chemical, named 67D, as a stimulator of seed germination that was suppressed by paclobutrazol (PAC), a GA biosynthesis inhibitor. In vitro binding assays indicated that 67D binds to the GID1 receptor. Further studies on the structure-activity relationship identified a chemical, named chemical 6, that strongly promoted seed germination suppressed by PAC...
July 4, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
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