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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914771/geminiviruses-and-plant-hosts-a-closer-examination-of-the-molecular-arms-race
#1
REVIEW
Shunmugiah V Ramesh, Pranav P Sahu, Manoj Prasad, Shelly Praveen, Hanu R Pappu
Geminiviruses are plant-infecting viruses characterized by a single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) genome. Geminivirus-derived proteins are multifunctional and effective regulators in modulating the host cellular processes resulting in successful infection. Virus-host interactions result in changes in host gene expression patterns, reprogram plant signaling controls, disrupt central cellular metabolic pathways, impair plant's defense system, and effectively evade RNA silencing response leading to host susceptibility...
September 15, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887495/integration-of-deep-transcriptome-and-proteome-analyses-of-salicylic-acid-regulation-high-temperature-stress-in-ulva-prolifera
#2
Meihua Fan, Xue Sun, Nianjun Xu, Zhi Liao, Yahe Li, Jianxin Wang, Yingping Fan, Dalian Cui, Peng Li, Zengliang Miao
To investigate changes in transcript and relative protein levels in response to salicylic acid regulation of the thermotolerance in U. prolifera, complementary transcriptome and proteome analyses were performed with U. prolifera grown at 35 °C (UpHT) and with the addition of SA at high temperature (UpSHT). At mRNA level,12,296 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained from the comparison of UpSHT with UpHT. iTRAQ-labeling proteome analysis showed that a total of 4,449 proteins were identified and reliably quantified...
September 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855333/plant-signaling-and-metabolic-pathways-enabling-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-symbiosis
#3
Allyson M MacLean, Armando Bravo, Maria J Harrison
Plants have lived in close association with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi for over 400 million years and today this endosymbiosis occurs broadly in the plant kingdom where it has a pronounced impact on plant mineral nutrition. The symbiosis develops deep within the root cortex with minimal alterations in the external appearance of the colonized root; however, the absence of macroscopic alterations belies the extensive signaling, cellular remodeling and metabolic alterations that occur within each colonized cortical cell to enable accommodation of the fungal endosymbiont...
August 30, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827312/recently-duplicated-plant-heterotrimeric-g%C3%AE-proteins-with-subtle-biochemical-differences-influence-specific-outcomes-of-signal-response-coupling
#4
Swarup Roy Choudhury, Sona Pandey
Heterotrimeric G-proteins, comprising Gα, Gβ, and Gγ subunits, regulate key signaling processes in eukaryotes. The Gα subunit determines the status of signaling by switching between inactive GDP-bound and active GTP-bound forms. Unlike animal systems, in which multiple Gα proteins with variable biochemical properties exist, plants have fewer, highly similar Gα subunits, which have resulted from recent genome duplications. These proteins exhibit subtle differences in their GTP-binding, GDP/GTP-exchange and GTP-hydrolysis activities, but the extent to which these differences contribute to affect plant signaling and development remains unknown...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811757/cyclic-dipeptides-from-bacillus-vallismortis-bs07-require-key-components-of-plant-immunity-to-induce-disease-resistance-in-arabidopsis-against-pseudomonas-infection
#5
Seong Woo Noh, Rira Seo, Jung-Kwon Park, Md Maniruzzaman Manir, Kyungseok Park, Mee Kyung Sang, Surk-Sik Moon, Ho Won Jung
Cyclic dipeptides (CDPs) are one of the simplest compounds produced by living organisms. Plant-growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPRs) also produce CDPs that can induce disease resistance. Bacillus vallismortis strain BS07 producing various CDPs has been evaluated as a potential biocontrol agent against multiple plant pathogens in chili pepper. However, plant signal pathway triggered by CDPs has not been fully elucidated yet. Here we introduce four CDPs, cyclo(Gly-L-Pro) previously identified from Aspergillus sp...
August 2017: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765224/genome-wide-sensitivity-analysis-of-the-microsymbiont-sinorhizobium-meliloti-to-symbiotically-important-defensin-like-host-peptides
#6
Markus F F Arnold, Mohammed Shabab, Jon Penterman, Kevin L Boehme, Joel S Griffitts, Graham C Walker
The model legume species Medicago truncatula expresses more than 700 nodule-specific cysteine-rich (NCR) signaling peptides that mediate the differentiation of Sinorhizobium meliloti bacteria into nitrogen-fixing bacteroids. NCR peptides are essential for a successful symbiosis in legume plants of the inverted-repeat-lacking clade (IRLC) and show similarity to mammalian defensins. In addition to signaling functions, many NCR peptides exhibit antimicrobial activity in vitro and in vivo Bacterial resistance to these antimicrobial activities is likely to be important for symbiosis...
August 1, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729859/transcriptomic-insight-in-the-control-of-legume-root-secondary-infection-by-the-sinorhizobium-meliloti-transcriptional-regulator-clr
#7
Lan Zou, Amandine Gastebois, Céline Mathieu-Demazière, Fernando Sorroche, Catherine Masson-Boivin, Jacques Batut, Anne-Marie Garnerone
The cAMP-dependent transcriptional regulator Clr of Sinorhizobium meliloti regulates the overall number of infection events on Medicago roots by a so-far unknown mechanism requiring smc02178, a Clr-target gene of unknown function. In order to shed light on the mode of action of Clr on infection and potentially reveal additional biological functions for Clr, we inventoried genomic Clr target genes by transcriptome profiling. We have found that Clr positively controls the synthesis of cAMP-dependent succinoglycan as well as the expression of genes involved in the synthesis of a so-far unknown polysaccharide compound...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692414/how-common-is-within-plant-signalling-via-volatiles
#8
Tao Li, James D Blande
Many plants respond to herbivory by releasing a complex blend of volatiles that may differ from that emitted by intact counterparts. These herbivore-induced plant volatiles (HIPV) mediate many interactions among plants and their community members, including alerting undamaged leaves of the attacked or neighbouring plants to impending danger. It has been postulated that HIPVs evolved for within-plant signalling and that other organisms subsequently evolved to use them. However, only seven studies have reported HIPV-mediated within-plant signalling, most conducted in the laboratory or greenhouse...
July 10, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672167/food-for-thought-how-nutrients-regulate-root-system-architecture
#9
REVIEW
Zaigham Shahzad, Anna Amtmann
The spatial arrangement of the plant root system (root system architecture, RSA) is very sensitive to edaphic and endogenous signals that report on the nutrient status of soil and plant. Signalling pathways underpinning RSA responses to individual nutrients, particularly nitrate and phosphate, have been unravelled. Researchers have now started to investigate interactive effects between two or more nutrients on RSA. Several proteins enabling crosstalk between signalling pathways have recently been identified...
June 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668509/quantitatively-understanding-plant-signaling-novel-theoretical-experimental-approaches
#10
REVIEW
Sophia L Samodelov, Matias D Zurbriggen
With the need to respond to and integrate a multitude of external and internal stimuli, plant signaling is highly complex, exhibiting signaling component redundancy and high interconnectedness between individual pathways. We review here novel theoretical-experimental approaches in manipulating plant signaling towards the goal of a comprehensive understanding and targeted quantitative control of plant processes. We highlight approaches taken in the field of synthetic biology used in other systems and discuss their applicability in plants...
August 2017: Trends in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605605/nanosensor-technology-applied-to-living-plant-systems
#11
REVIEW
Seon-Yeong Kwak, Min Hao Wong, Tedrick Thomas Salim Lew, Gili Bisker, Michael A Lee, Amir Kaplan, Juyao Dong, Albert Tianxiang Liu, Volodymyr B Koman, Rosalie Sinclair, Catherine Hamann, Michael S Strano
An understanding of plant biology is essential to solving many long-standing global challenges, including sustainable and secure food production and the generation of renewable fuel sources. Nanosensor platforms, sensors with a characteristic dimension that is nanometer in scale, have emerged as important tools for monitoring plant signaling pathways and metabolism that are nondestructive, minimally invasive, and capable of real-time analysis. This review outlines the recent advances in nanotechnology that enable these platforms, including the measurement of chemical fluxes even at the single-molecule level...
June 12, 2017: Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570564/identification-of-tify-jaz-family-genes-in-solanum-lycopersicum-and-their-regulation-in-response-to-abiotic-stresses
#12
Andrea Chini, Walid Ben-Romdhane, Afif Hassairi, Mourad A M Aboul-Soud
Plant phenotypic plasticity determines plant adaptation to changing environments and agricultural productivity. Phytohormones are essential plant signalling molecules regulating this plasticity through complex signalling networks. Jasmonates (JAs) are key phytohormones regulating many aspects of growth, development and defence responses. An important role of JAs in tolerance to abiotic stresses is also emerging. The expression of JAZ (JASMONATE-ZIM-DOMAIN PROTEIN) genes, encoding for the key repressors in the JA-pathway, is regulated by multiple abiotic stresses, suggesting a role for the JAZ proteins in response to these stresses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567650/in-vitro-assessment-of-guanylyl-cyclase-activity-of-plant-receptor-kinases
#13
Misjudeen Raji, Chris Gehring
Cyclic nucleotides such as 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and 3',5'-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) are increasingly recognized as key signaling molecules in plants, and a growing number of plant mononucleotide cyclases, both adenylate cyclases (ACs) and guanylate cyclases (GCs), have been reported. Catalytically active cytosolic GC domains have been shown to be part of many plant receptor kinases and hence directly linked to plant signaling and downstream cellular responses. Here we detail, firstly, methods to identify and express essential functional GC domains of receptor kinases, and secondly, we describe mass spectrometric methods to quantify cGMP generated by recombinant GCs from receptor kinases in vitro...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542545/a-first-insight-into-the-involvement-of-phytohormones-pathways-in-coffee-resistance-and-susceptibility-to-colletotrichum-kahawae
#14
Inês Diniz, Andreia Figueiredo, Andreia Loureiro, Dora Batista, Helena Azinheira, Vítor Várzea, Ana Paula Pereira, Elijah Gichuru, Pilar Moncada, Leonor Guerra-Guimarães, Helena Oliveira, Maria do Céu Silva
Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying coffee-pathogen interactions are of key importance to aid disease resistance breeding efforts. In this work the expression of genes involved in salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA) and ethylene (ET) pathways were studied in hypocotyls of two coffee varieties challenged with the hemibiotrophic fungus Colletotrichum kahawae, the causal agent of Coffee Berry Disease. Based on a cytological analysis, key time-points of the infection process were selected and qPCR was used to evaluate the expression of phytohormones biosynthesis, reception and responsive-related genes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536145/monoterpenes-support-systemic-acquired-resistance-within-and-between-plants
#15
Marlies Riedlmeier, Andrea Ghirardo, Marion Wenig, Claudia Knappe, Kerstin Koch, Elisabeth Georgii, Sanjukta Dey, Jane E Parker, Jörg-Peter Schnitzler, A Corina Vlot
This study investigates the role of volatile organic compounds in systemic acquired resistance (SAR), a salicylic acid (SA)-associated, broad-spectrum immune response in systemic, healthy tissues of locally infected plants. Gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry analyses of SAR-related emissions of wild-type and non-SAR-signal-producing mutant plants associated SAR with monoterpene emissions. Headspace exposure of Arabidopsis thaliana to a mixture of the bicyclic monoterpenes α-pinene and β-pinene induced defense, accumulation of reactive oxygen species, and expression of SA- and SAR-related genes, including the SAR regulatory AZELAIC ACID INDUCED1 (AZI1) gene and three of its paralogs...
June 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522853/multitrophic-effects-of-belowground-parasitoid-learning
#16
Denis S Willett, Hans T Alborn, Lukasz L Stelinski
The ability to learn allows organisms to take advantage of dynamic and ephemeral opportunities in their environment. Here we show that learning in belowground entomopathogenic nematodes has cascading multitrophic effects on their hosts, other nematodes, and nematophagous fungal predators. In addition to quantifying these effects, we show that social behavioral plasticity in these belowground parasitoids can amplify signaling by plant defense pathways and results in an almost doubling of insect herbivore infection by entomopathogenic nematodes...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511115/apoplastic-ros-signaling-in-plant-immunity
#17
REVIEW
Junsheng Qi, Jinlong Wang, Zhizhong Gong, Jian-Min Zhou
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are widely produced in different cellular compartments under both biotic and abiotic stress conditions. ROS play a central role in plant signaling and regulate diverse cellular processes. Recent advances are shedding new light on sophisticated mechanisms controlling ROS biogenesis and signaling in plant immunity. In this review, we summarize our current understanding of the regulation of apoplastic ROS production in response to microbial molecular patterns and draw comparison with abscisic acid (ABA)-induced apoplastic ROS...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449392/osmotic-stress-decreases-complexity-underlying-the-electrophysiological-dynamic-in-soybean
#18
G F R Saraiva, A S Ferreira, G M Souza
Studies on plant electrophysiology are mostly focused on specific traits of single cells. Inspired by the complexity of the signalling network in plants, and by analogy with neurons in human brains, we sought evidence of high complexity in the electrical dynamics of plant signalling and a likely relationship with environmental cues. An EEG-like standard protocol was adopted for high-resolution measurements of the electrical signal in Glycine max seedlings. The signals were continuously recorded in the same plants before and after osmotic stimuli with a -2 MPa mannitol solution...
April 27, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448744/plant-signals-during-beetle-scolytus-multistriatus-feeding-in-american-elm-ulmus-americana-planch
#19
Brett M Saremba, Fiona J M Tymm, Kathy Baethke, Mark R Rheault, Sherif M Sherif, Praveen K Saxena, Susan J Murch
American Elms were devastated by an outbreak of Dutch Elm Disease is caused by the fungus Ophiostoma novo-ulmi Brasier that originated in Asia and arrived in the early 1900s. In spite of decades of study, the specific mechanisms and disease resistance in some trees is not well understood. the fungus is spread by several species of bark beetles in the genus Scolytus, during their dispersal and feeding. Our objective was to understand elm responses to beetle feeding in the absence of the fungus to identify potential resistance mechanisms...
May 4, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439871/application-of-chemical-genomics-to-plant-bacteria-communication-a-high-throughput-system-to-identify-novel-molecules-modulating-the-induction-of-bacterial-virulence-genes-by-plant-signals
#20
Elodie Vandelle, Maria Rita Puttilli, Andrea Chini, Giulia Devescovi, Vittorio Venturi, Annalisa Polverari
The life cycle of bacterial phytopathogens consists of a benign epiphytic phase, during which the bacteria grow in the soil or on the plant surface, and a virulent endophytic phase involving the penetration of host defenses and the colonization of plant tissues. Innovative strategies are urgently required to integrate copper treatments that control the epiphytic phase with complementary tools that control the virulent endophytic phase, thus reducing the quantity of chemicals applied to economically and ecologically acceptable levels...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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