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Lejing Lian, Ying Xu, Jianbo Zhang, Yingcong Yu, Naping Zhu, Xiaofei Guan, Hui Huang, Ruijie Chen, Jie Chen, Guilan Shi, Jianchun Pan
Depression is a dysthymia disorder characterized by a pervasive or persistent mental disorder that causes mood, cognitive and memory deficits. J147, a curcumin analogue, increases brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels and facilitates memory in animals. Because curcumin has the antidepressant-like activity, the present study investigated the potential antidepressant-like effects of J147 in the forced swimming test (FST) and tail suspension tests (TST) and the involvement of 5-HT receptors related to cAMP signaling...
June 2018: Neuropharmacology
M Ángeles Farrán, M Ángels Bonet, Rosa M Claramunt, M Carmen Torralba, Ibon Alkorta, José Elguero
J147 [N-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-2,2,2-trifluoro-N'-(3-methoxybenzylidene)acetohydrazide] has recently been reported as a promising new drug for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The X-ray structures of seven new 1,4-diaryl-5-trifluoromethyl-1H-1,2,3-triazoles, namely 1-(3,4-dimethylphenyl)-4-phenyl-5-trifluoromethyl-1H-1,2,3-triazole (C17 H14 F3 N3 , 1), 1-(3,4-dimethylphenyl)-4-(3-methoxyphenyl)-5-trifluoromethyl-1H-1,2,3-triazole (C18 H16 F3 N3 O, 2), 1-(3,4-dimethylphenyl)-4-(4-methoxyphenyl)-5-trifluoromethyl-1H-1,2,3-triazole (C18 H16 F3 N3 O, 3), 1-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-4-(4-methoxyphenyl)-5-trifluoromethyl-1H-1,2,3-triazole (C18 H16 F3 N3 O, 4), 1-[2,4-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4-(3-methoxyphenyl)-5-trifluoromethyl-1H-1,2,3-triazole (C18 H10 F9 N3 O, 5), 1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-4-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-trifluoromethyl-1H-1,2,3-triazole (C19 H18 F3 N3 O4 , 6) and 3-[4-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl]phenol (C17 H14 F3 N3 O3 , 7), have been determined and compared to that of J147...
April 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
James W Larrick, Jasmine W Larrick, Andrew R Mendelsohn
Advancing age is the biggest risk factor for development for the major life-threatening diseases in industrialized nations accounting for >90% of deaths. Alzheimer's dementia (AD) is among the most devastating. Currently approved therapies fail to slow progression of the disease, providing only modest improvements in memory. Recently reported work describes mechanistic studies of J147, a promising therapeutic molecule previously shown to rescue the severe cognitive deficits exhibited by aged, transgenic AD mice...
February 2018: Rejuvenation Research
Joshua Goldberg, Antonio Currais, Marguerite Prior, Wolfgang Fischer, Chandramouli Chiruta, Eric Ratliff, Daniel Daugherty, Richard Dargusch, Kim Finley, Pau B Esparza-Moltó, José M Cuezva, Pamela Maher, Michael Petrascheck, David Schubert
Aging is a major driving force underlying dementia, such as that caused by Alzheimer's disease (AD). While the idea of targeting aging as a therapeutic strategy is not new, it remains unclear how closely aging and age-associated diseases are coupled at the molecular level. Here, we discover a novel molecular link between aging and dementia through the identification of the molecular target for the AD drug candidate J147. J147 was developed using a series of phenotypic screening assays mimicking disease toxicities associated with the aging brain...
April 2018: Aging Cell
Daniel J Daugherty, Alexandra Marquez, Nigel A Calcutt, David Schubert
Neuropathy is a common complication of long-term diabetes. Proposed mechanisms of neuronal damage caused by diabetes that are downstream of hyperglycemia and/or loss of insulin signaling include ischemic hypoxia, inflammation and loss of neurotrophic support. The curcumin derivative J147 is a potent neurogenic and neuroprotective drug candidate initially developed for the treatment of neurodegenerative conditions associated with aging that impacts many pathways implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy...
February 2018: Neuropharmacology
Marguerite Prior, Joshua Goldberg, Chandramouli Chiruta, Catherine Farrokhi, Mariya Kopynets, Amanda J Roberts, David Schubert
INTRODUCTION: Neurons die in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and are not effectively replaced. An alternative approach to maintain nerve cell number is to identify compounds that stimulate the proliferation of endogenous neural stem cells in old individuals to replace lost neurons. However, unless a neurogenic drug is also neuroprotective, the replacement of lost neurons will not be sufficient to stop disease progression. METHODS: The neuroprotective AD drug candidate J147 is shown to enhance memory, improve dendritic structure, and stimulate cell division in germinal regions of the brains of very old mice...
June 2016: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
Antonio Currais, Joshua Goldberg, Catherine Farrokhi, Max Chang, Marguerite Prior, Richard Dargusch, Daniel Daugherty, Aaron Armando, Oswald Quehenberger, Pamela Maher, David Schubert
Because age is the greatest risk factor for sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD), phenotypic screens based upon old age-associated brain toxicities were used to develop the potent neurotrophic drug J147. Since certain aspects of aging may be primary cause of AD, we hypothesized that J147 would be effective against AD-associated pathology in rapidly aging SAMP8 mice and could be used to identify some of the molecular contributions of aging to AD. An inclusive and integrative multiomics approach was used to investigate protein and gene expression, metabolite levels, and cognition in old and young SAMP8 mice...
November 2015: Aging
Kyoungdo Kim, Kwang-su Park, Mi Kyoung Kim, Hyunah Choo, Youhoon Chong
A series of novel J147 derivatives were synthesized, and their inhibitory activities against β-amyloid (Aβ) aggregation and toxicity were evaluated by using the oligomer-specific antibody assay, the thioflavin-T fluorescence assay, and a cell viability assay in the transformed SH-SY5Y cell culture. Among the synthesized J147 derivatives, 3j with a 2,2-dicyanovinyl substituent showed the most potent inhibitory activity against Aβ42 oligomerization (IC50 = 17.3 μM) and Aβ42 fibrillization (IC50 = 10.5 μM), and disassembled the preformed Aβ42 fibrils with an EC50 of 10...
October 7, 2015: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Hai-Yun Chen, Da-Ping Xu, Guo-Lian Tan, Wei Cai, Gao-Xiao Zhang, Wei Cui, Jin-Zhao Wang, Cheng Long, Ye-Wei Sun, Pei Yu, Karl Wahkeung Tsim, Zai-Jun Zhang, Yi-Fan Han, Yu-Qiang Wang
Neurodegenerative disorders are one of the leading causes of death among the elderly. Therapeutic approaches with a single target have proven unsuccessful in treating these diseases. Structural combination of multi-functional compounds may lead to a molecule with multiple properties. In this study, we designed and synthesized T-006, a novel analog derived from two multi-functional neuroprotective chemicals, tetramethylpyrazine and J147. The methoxyphenyl group of J147 was replaced by tetramethylpyrazine. Bioactivity evaluation showed that T-006 at very low concentrations had multi-functional neuroprotective effects including rescuing iodoacetic acid-induced neuronal loss, preventing oxidative stress-induced neurotoxicity and reducing glutamate-induced excitotoxicity in vitro...
August 2015: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
Marguerite Prior, Richard Dargusch, Jennifer L Ehren, Chandramouli Chiruta, David Schubert
INTRODUCTION: Despite years of research, there are no disease-modifying drugs for Alzheimer's disease (AD), a fatal, age-related neurodegenerative disorder. Screening for potential therapeutics in rodent models of AD has generally relied on testing compounds before pathology is present, thereby modeling disease prevention rather than disease modification. Furthermore, this approach to screening does not reflect the clinical presentation of AD patients which could explain the failure to translate compounds identified as beneficial in animal models to disease modifying compounds in clinical trials...
2013: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
Chandramouli Chiruta, Yanrong Zhao, Fangling Tang, Tao Wang, David Schubert
Using a drug discovery scheme for Alzheimer's disease (AD) that is based upon multiple pathologies of old age, we identified a potent compound with efficacy in rodent memory and AD animal models. Since this compound, J147, is a phenyl hydrazide, there was concern that it can be metabolized to aromatic amines/hydrazines that are potentially carcinogenic. To explore this possibility, we examined the metabolites of J147 in human and mouse microsomes and mouse plasma. It is shown that J147 is not metabolized to aromatic amines or hydrazines, that the scaffold is exceptionally stable, and that the oxidative metabolites are also neuroprotective...
May 15, 2013: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Min Wang, Mingzhang Gao, Qi-Huang Zheng
J147 was synthesized from 2,4-dimethylphenylhydrazine hydrochloride and 3-methoxybenzaldehyde in 2 steps with 71% overall yield. The precursor desmethyl-J147 was synthesized from 3-hydroxybenzaldehyde and 2,4-dimethylphenylhydrazine hydrochloride in 4 steps with 63% overall yield. [(11)C]J147 was prepared from desmethyl-J147 with [(11)C]CH(3)OTf through O-[(11)C]methylation and isolated by HPLC combined with solid-phase extraction (SPE) in 35-50% radiochemical yield based on [(11)C]CO(2) and decay corrected to end of bombardment (EOB), with 370-740 GBq/μmol specific activity at EOB...
January 15, 2013: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
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