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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330265/isolation-and-characterization-of-plant-synergistic-bacteria-capable-of-degrading-xenobiotics-from-oil-spillage-sites
#1
Indranil De, Sarika Gupta
Oil spillage sites primarily contain various types of hydrocarbons, such as linear chain, polycyclic, and aromatic compounds, posing several detrimental effects on plants. Results from our previous study showed an alteration of various metabolomic parameters, indirectly resulting in an observable decline of growth in the mung seedlings upon incubation with phenol, toluene, xylene, and hexane. This study evaluates the role of these compounds upon plant growth and focusses to mitigate the effect of the same, using some isolated plant synergistic bacteria...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330260/impact-of-forest-vegetation-on-soil-characteristics-a-correlation-between-soil-biological-and-physico-chemical-properties
#2
L R Chandra, S Gupta, V Pande, N Singh
Temperate and dry deciduous forest covers major portion of terrestrial ecosystem in India. The two forest types with different dominant tree species differ in litter quality and root exudates, thereby exerting species-specific impact on soil properties and microbial activity. This study aims to examine the influence of forest type or dominant tree species on soil physico-chemical properties and its relationship with microbial characters in temperate and dry deciduous forest types. We assessed soil physico-chemical properties among five different sites located within the selected forest stand covered by different dominant species...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330247/production-of-glucosinolates-phenolic-compounds-and-associated-gene-expression-profiles-of-hairy-root-cultures-in-turnip-brassica-rapa-ssp-rapa
#3
Ill-Min Chung, Kaliyaperumal Rekha, Govindasamy Rajakumar, Muthu Thiruvengadam
Turnip (Brassica rapa ssp. rapa) is an important vegetable crop producing glucosinolates (GSLs) and phenolic compounds. The GSLs, phenolic compound contents and transcript levels in hairy root cultures, as well as their antioxidant, antimicrobial and anticancer activity were studied in turnip. Transgenic hairy root lines were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reverse transcription-PCR. GSLs levels (glucoallysin, glucobrassicanapin, gluconasturtiin, glucobrassicin, 4-methoxyglucobrassicin, neoglucobrassicin and 4-hydroxyglucobrassicin) and their gene expression levels (BrMYB28, BrMYB29, BrMYB34, BrMYB51, BrMYB122, CYP79 and CYP83) significantly increased in hairy roots compared with that in non-transformed roots...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330188/purification-and-characterization-of-a-surfactant-compatible-lipase-from-aspergillus-tamarii-jgif06-exhibiting-energy-efficient-removal-of-oil-stains-from-polycotton-fabric
#4
Arijit Das, Srividya Shivakumar, Sourav Bhattacharya, Sujina Shakya, S S Swathi
An extracellular lipase with 23,666.66 U/ml/min activity was produced by Aspergillus tamarii JGIF06 under submerged fermentation in mineral salt medium containing coconut oil (2.5 % v/v), tryptone (2 % w/v) and ammonium chloride (2 % w/v), with initial pH of 5 ± 0.2, incubated at 25 °C for 7 days on a rotary shaker at 120 rpm. A 7.9-fold increase in lipase-specific activity was recorded after purification by DEAE Sepharose ion exchange and Sephadex G200 column chromatography. The apparent molecular mass of this enzyme was revealed as 50 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330174/salicornia-evaluating-the-halophytic-extremophile-as-a-food-and-a-pharmaceutical-candidate
#5
REVIEW
Seema Patel
Food insecurity is a major issue in current scenario where a large section of mankind is at risk of insufficient diet. As food productivity has its limits, the prospecting of unutilized or underutilized flora as food candidates is collectively recognized as a sustainable option. In the past decade, a number of obscure plants have been identified to be rich in dietary components and deemed fit for integration into the food platter. This review discusses a candidate Salicornia, belonging to family Amaranthaceae...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330117/microbial-pectinases-an-ecofriendly-tool-of-nature-for-industries
#6
REVIEW
G Garg, A Singh, A Kaur, R Singh, J Kaur, R Mahajan
Pectinases are the growing enzymes of biotechnological sector, showing gradual increase in their market. They hold a leading position among the commercially produced industrial enzymes. These enzymes are ecofriendly tool of nature that are being used extensively in various industries like wine industry; food industry; paper industry for bleaching of pulp and waste paper recycling; in the processing of fruit-vegetables, tea-coffee, animal feed; extraction of vegetable oil and scouring of plant fibres. Moreover, enzymatic catalysis is preferred over other chemical methods, since it is more specific, less aggressive and saves energy...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329422/patterns-in-greater-sage-grouse-population-dynamics-correspond-with-public-grazing-records-at-broad-scales
#7
Adrian P Monroe, Cameron L Aldridge, Timothy J Assal, Kari E Veblen, David A Pyke, Michael L Casazza
Human land use, such as livestock grazing, can have profound yet varied effects on wildlife interacting within common ecosystems, yet our understanding of land-use effects is often generalized from short-term, local studies that may not correspond with trends at broader scales. Here we used public land records to characterize livestock grazing across Wyoming, USA, and we used Greater Sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) as a model organism to evaluate responses to livestock management. With annual counts of male Sage-grouse from 743 leks (breeding display sites) during 2004-2014, we modeled population trends in response to grazing level (represented by a relative grazing index) and timing across a gradient in vegetation productivity as measured by the Normalized Vegetation Difference Index (NDVI)...
March 22, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329276/demonstration-of-infective-endocarditis-by-cardiac-ct-and-transoesophageal-echocardiography-comparison-with-intra-operative-findings
#8
Hyun Jung Koo, Dong Hyun Yang, Joon-Won Kang, Joo Yeon Lee, Dae-Hee Kim, Jong-Min Song, Duk-Hyun Kang, Jae-Kwan Song, Joon Bum Kim, Sung-Ho Jung, Suk Jung Choo, Cheol Hyun Chung, Jae-Won Lee, Tae-Hwan Lim
Aims: We aimed to compare imaging findings of infective endocarditis between computed tomography (CT) and transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) using surgical inspection as a reference standard. Methods and results: Forty-nine patients (aged 54 ± 17 years, 69% men) who underwent pre-operative CT and TEE for infective endocarditis were included. Twelve of these patients had prosthetic valve endocarditis. Imaging findings of infective endocarditis were classified as vegetation, leaflet perforation, abscess/pseudoaneurysm, and paravalvular leakage...
February 23, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328953/estimating-changes-in-lichen-mat-volume-through-time-and-related-effects-on-barren-ground-caribou-rangifer-tarandus-groenlandicus-movement
#9
Gregory J M Rickbeil, Txomin Hermosilla, Nicholas C Coops, Joanne C White, Michael A Wulder
Lichens form a critical portion of barren ground caribou (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus) diets, especially during winter months. Here, we assess lichen mat volume across five herd ranges in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut, Canada, using newly developed composite Landsat imagery. The lichen volume estimator (LVE) was adapted for use across 700 000 km2 of barren ground caribou habitat annually from 1984-2012. We subsequently assessed how LVE changed temporally throughout the time series for each pixel using Theil-Sen's slopes, and spatially by assessing whether slope values were centered in local clusters of similar values...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327792/vegetation-loss-and-the-2016-oropouche-fever-outbreak-in-peru
#10
Daniel Romero-Alvarez, Luis E Escobar
BACKGROUND: Oropouche virus causes Oropouche fever, an arboviral disease transmitted mainly by midges of the genus Culicoides and Culex mosquitoes. Clinical presentation of Oropouche fever in humans includes fever, headache, rash, myalgia, and in rare cases spontaneous bleeding and aseptic meningitis. Landscape change has been proposed as a driver of Oropouche fever emergence. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the landscape epidemiology of the Oropouche fever outbreak that began in April 2016 in Cusco, Peru...
April 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327591/gully-evolution-and-geomorphic-adjustments-of-badlands-to-reforestation
#11
J A Ballesteros Cánovas, M Stoffel, J F Martín-Duque, C Corona, A Lucía, J M Bodoque, D R Montgomery
Badlands and gullied areas are among those geomorphic environments with the highest erosion rates worldwide. Nevertheless, records of their evolution and their relations with anthropogenic land transformation are scarcer. Here we combine historical data with aerial photographs and tree-ring records to reconstruct the evolution of a badland in a Mediterranean environment of Central Spain. Historical sources suggest an anthropogenic origin of this badland landscape, caused by intense quarrying activities during the 18(th) century...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327446/adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-is-not-associated-with-depression-in-two-swiss-population-based-samples
#12
Aline Richard, Sabine Rohrmann, Caroline L Vandeleur, Aurélie M Lasserre, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Monika Eichholzer, Jennifer Glaus, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Peter Vollenweider, Martin Preisig
Little is known about adherence to dietary recommendations and depression. Furthermore, dietary habits may differ among depression subtypes, which has not been evaluated previously. Two population-based Swiss studies, including 3620 individuals from PsyCoLaus and 11,032 individuals from the Swiss Health Survey 2012 (SHS), were used to examine the associations between adherence to common dietary guidelines and odds of depressive disorders. In both studies, depression was assessed by validated instruments. Adherence to dietary recommendations were assessed by a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (PsyCoLaus) and by single item questions (SHS)...
March 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327292/edta-application-on-agricultural-soils-affects-microelement-uptake-of-plants
#13
Elke Bloem, Silvia Haneklaus, Robert Haensch, Ewald Schnug
Chelates such as ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) enter soils via various sources but their effect on agricultural crops is mostly unknown. Sources of EDTA include industry, households, sewage water and agricultural practices. In a field experiment EDTA was applied in its free form at different rates (0, 150, 550, 1050kgha(-1)) to study its translocation in the soil profile and to evaluate its effect on yield and mineral composition of the cultivated crop, both in the year of application (oilseed rape) and in the following year (winter wheat)...
January 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326804/a-novel-approach-in-the-management-of-right-sided-endocarditis-percutaneous-vegectomy-using-the-angiovac-cannula
#14
Ashwin K Thiagaraj, Meenal Malviya, Wah W Htun, Tesfaye Telila, Stephen A Lerner, Mahir D Elder, Theodore L Schreiber
The AngioVac is a vacuum-based device introduced in 2012 to percutaneously remove undesirable material from the intravascular system. In scattered reports, the AngioVac has been used for removal of device lead vegetations and right-sided thrombi. In this article, we describe three cases of right-sided endocarditis treated with AngioVac: a mobile mass extending from the vena cava into the right atrium, large native tricuspid vegetations, and bioprosthetic tricuspid vegetations. This device shows benefit in reducing vegetation load, decreasing septic lung embolization, and reducing reinfection in active intravenous drug users...
March 22, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326519/influence-of-diet-on-the-risk-of-developing-endometriosis
#15
Joanna Jurkiewicz-Przondziono, Magdalena Lemm, Anna Kwiatkowska-Pamuła, Ewa Ziółko, Mariusz K Wójtowicz
Endometriosis is a hormone-dependent chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the presence of endometrium beyond the uterine cavity. The disease affects 5-15% of women of child-bearing age, 30-50% of whom suffer from infertility. Understanding the role of dietary factors in the development of endometriosis is critical to development of effective dietary instructions for prevention. Existing studies concerning nutrition and endometriosis suggest that diet is a potentially modifiable risk factor for endometriosis...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326431/effects-of-a-supraseasonal-drought-on-the-ecological-attributes-of-plagioscion-squamosissimus-heckel-1840-pisces-sciaenidae-in-a-brazilian-reservoir
#16
Antonia E F Souza, Jônnata F Oliveira, Danielle Peretti, Rodrigo Fernandes, Rodrigo S Costa, José Luis Costa Novaes
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a supraseasonal drought on the ecological attributes of Plagioscion squamosissimus. The fish were caught quarterly from February 2010 to November 2014 using gill nets in the reservoir of Santa Cruz, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. The abundance of the species was evaluated with the catch per unit effort (CPUE) metric and then correlated with the accumulated rainfall and water volume of the reservoir. The diet of the fish was evaluated using the feeding index (IAi)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326089/dynamic-regulation-of-auxin-response-during-rice-development-revealed-by-newly-established-hormone-biosensor-markers
#17
Jing Yang, Zheng Yuan, Qingcai Meng, Guoqiang Huang, Christophe Périn, Charlotte Bureau, Anne-Cécile Meunier, Mathieu Ingouff, Malcolm J Bennett, Wanqi Liang, Dabing Zhang
The hormone auxin is critical for many plant developmental processes. Unlike the model eudicot plant Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), auxin distribution and signaling in rice tissues has not been systematically investigated due to the absence of suitable auxin response reporters. In this study we observed the conservation of auxin signaling components between Arabidopsis and model monocot crop rice (Oryza sativa), and generated complementary types of auxin biosensor constructs, one derived from the Aux/IAA-based biosensor DII-VENUS but constitutively driven by maize ubiquitin-1 promoter, and the other termed DR5-VENUS in which a synthetic auxin-responsive promoter (DR5rev ) was used to drive expression of the yellow fluorescent protein (YFP)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326088/temperature-effects-on-biomass-and-regeneration-of-vegetation-in-a-geothermal-area
#18
Abdul Nishar, Martin K-F Bader, Eoin J O'Gorman, Jieyu Deng, Barbara Breen, Sebastian Leuzinger
Understanding the effects of increasing temperature is central in explaining the effects of climate change on vegetation. Here, we investigate how warming affects vegetation regeneration and root biomass and if there is an interactive effect of warming with other environmental variables. We also examine if geothermal warming effects on vegetation regeneration and root biomass can be used in climate change experiments. Monitoring plots were arranged in a grid across the study area to cover a range of soil temperatures...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326067/uva-photoactivation-of-harmol-enhances-its-antifungal-activity-against-the-phytopathogens-penicillium-digitatum-and-botrytis-cinerea
#19
Gabriela M Olmedo, Luciana Cerioni, María M González, Franco M Cabrerizo, Sabrina I Volentini, Viviana A Rapisarda
Phytopathogenic fungi responsible for post-harvest diseases on fruit and vegetables cause important economic losses. We have previously reported that harmol (1-methyl-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indol-7-ol) is active against the causal agents of green and gray molds Penicillium digitatum and Botrytis cinerea, respectively. Here, antifungal activity of harmol was characterized in terms of pH dependency and conidial targets; also photodynamic effects of UVA irradiation on the antimicrobial action were evaluated. Harmol was able to inhibit the growth of both post-harvest fungal disease agents only in acidic conditions (pH 5), when it was found in its protonated form...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326001/the-role-of-plant-processing-for-the-cancer-preventive-potential-of-ethiopian-kale-brassica-carinata
#20
Grace Akinyi Odongo, Nina Schlotz, Corinna Herz, Franziska S Hanschen, Susanne Baldermann, Susanne Neugart, Bernhard Trierweiler, Lara Frommherz, Charles M A P Franz, Benard Ngwene, Abraham Wahid Luvonga, Monika Schreiner, Sascha Rohn, Evelyn Lamy
Background: Ethiopian kale (Brassica carinata) is a horticulturally important crop used as leafy vegetable in large parts of East and Southern Africa. The leaves are reported to contain high concentrations of health-promoting secondary plant metabolites. However, scientific knowledge on their health benefits is scarce. Objective: This study aimed to determine the cancer preventive potential of B. carinata using a human liver in vitro model focusing on processing effects on the pattern of secondary plant metabolites and bioactivity...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
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