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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933594/vegetable-peel-waste-for-the-production-of-zno-nanoparticles-and-its-toxicological-efficiency-antifungal-hemolytic-and-antibacterial-activities
#1
T V Surendra, Selvaraj Mohana Roopan, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Gargi Sarkar, K Suthindhiran
Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) are important materials when making different products like sun screens, textiles, and paints. In the current study, the photocatalytic effect of prepared ZnO NPs from Moringa oleifera (M. oleifera) was evaluated on degradation of crystal violet (CV) dye, which is largely released from textile industries and is harmful to the environment. Preliminarily, ZnO NP formation was confirmed using a double beam ultraviolet visible (UV-Vis) spectrophotometer; further, the NP size was estimated using XRD analysis and the functional group analysis was determined using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933574/-long-term-hrv-analysis-shows-stress-reduction-by-magnesium-intake
#2
Elmar Wienecke, Claudia Nolden
BACKGROUND: Mental pressure and stress represent an ever-increasing socio-political challenge. The heart rate variability (HRV) measurement, which has its origin in the cardiac function diagnosis, gives information on the neurovegetative activity. A low HRV shows an imbalance of the sympathetic and parasympathetic efferents and thus is an indicator of stress. METHOD: A randomized, controlled, two-armed parallel study with 100 participants and a period of 90 days was performed...
December 2016: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933493/norovirus-gii-pe-genotype-tracking-a-foodborne-outbreak-on-a-cruise-ship-through-molecular-epidemiology-brazil-2014
#3
Simone Guadagnucci Morillo, Adriana Luchs, Audrey Cilli, Cibele Daniel Ribeiro, Rita de Cássia Compagnoli Carmona, Maria do Carmo Sampaio Tavares Timenetsky
Norovirus (NoV) is recognized as the most common cause of foodborne outbreaks. In 2014, an outbreak of acute gastroenteritis occurred on a cruise ship in Brazil, and NoV became the suspected etiology. Here we present the molecular identification of the NoV strains and the use of sequence analysis to determine modes of virus transmission. Food (cream cheese, tuna salad, grilled fish, orange mousse, and vegetables soup) and clinical samples were analyzed by ELISA, conventional RT-PCR, qRT-PCR, and sequencing...
December 8, 2016: Food and Environmental Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933085/plant-physiological-morphological-and-yield-related-responses-to-night-temperature-changes-across-different-species-and-plant-functional-types
#4
Panpan Jing, Dan Wang, Chunwu Zhu, Jiquan Chen
Land surface temperature over the past decades has shown a faster warming trend during the night than during the day. Extremely low night temperatures have occurred frequently due to the influence of land-sea thermal difference, topography and climate change. This asymmetric night temperature change is expected to affect plant ecophysiology and growth, as the plant carbon consumption processes could be affected more than the assimilation processes because photosynthesis in most plants occurs during the daytime whereas plant respiration occurs throughout the day...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932885/health-behaviors-of-patients-diagnosed-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-their-influence-on-the-patients-satisfaction-with-life
#5
Anna Rosiek, Tomasz Kornatowski, Natalia Frąckowiak-Maciejewska, Aleksandra Rosiek-Kryszewska, Przemysław Wyżgowski, Krzysztof Leksowski
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) carries with it a number of changes to the patient's lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle, health and preventive behaviors, as well as healthy nutrition habits play a key role in treating T2DM as well as limiting its complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of this study was the analysis of the correlation of T2DM patients' health behaviors and their influence on the patients' quality of life. The study was performed on a group of 50 patients from the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932881/preparation-and-antitumor-evaluation-of-self-assembling-oleanolic-acid-loaded-pluronic-p105-d-%C3%AE-tocopheryl-polyethylene-glycol-succinate-mixed-micelles-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-treatment
#6
Hao Wu, Qingxiang Zhong, Rongling Zhong, Houcai Huang, Zhi Xia, Zhongcheng Ke, Zhenhai Zhang, Jie Song, Xiaobin Jia
Oleanolic acid (OA) is a triterpenoid found in various fruits and vegetables and used in traditional Chinese medicine. OA plays a crucial role in the treatment of several cancers, but poor water solubility, low permeability, and significant efflux have limited its widespread clinical use. Vitamin E-d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate (vitamin E-TPGS) and Pluronic P105 were used to improve the solubility and permeability and to decrease the efflux of OA. OA-loaded mixed micelles were prepared by ethanol thin-film hydration...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932834/pharmaceuticals-antibiotics-and-vegetarians
#7
D J Smith, R A Ratansi, E Mann, J Russell, A Kanatas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932391/healthy-dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-mortality-and-esrd-in-ckd-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#8
Jaimon T Kelly, Suetonia C Palmer, Shu Ning Wai, Marinella Ruospo, Juan-Jesus Carrero, Katrina L Campbell, Giovanni F M Strippoli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with CKD are advised to follow dietary recommendations that restrict individual nutrients. Emerging evidence indicates overall eating patterns may better predict clinical outcomes, however, current data on dietary patterns in kidney disease are limited. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the association between dietary patterns and mortality or ESRD among adults with CKD. Medline, Embase, and reference lists were systematically searched up to November 24, 2015 by two independent review authors...
December 8, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932387/the-long-non-coding-rna-transcriptome-of-dictyostelium-discoideum-development
#9
Rafael D Rosengarten, Balaji Santhanam, Janez Kokosar, Gad Shaulsky
Dictyostelium discoideum live in the soil as single cells, engulfing bacteria and growing vegetatively. Upon starvation, tens of thousands of amoebae enter a developmental program that includes aggregation, multicellular differentiation, and sporulation. Major shifts across the protein-coding transcriptome accompany these developmental changes. However, no study has presented a global survey of long non-coding RNAs in D. discoideum To characterize the antisense and long intergenic non-coding RNA transcriptome, we analyzed previously published developmental time course samples using an RNA-sequencing library preparation method that selectively depletes ribosomal RNAs...
December 7, 2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931376/food-processing-wastes
#10
Val S Frenkel, Gregg A Cummings, K Y Maillacheruvu, Walter Z Tang
Literature published in 2015 and early 2016 related to food processing wastes treatment for industrial applications are reviewed. This review is a subsection of the Treatment Systems section of the annual Water Environment Federation literature review and covers the following food processing industries and applications: general, meat and poultry, fruits and vegetables, dairy and beverage, and miscellaneous treatment of food wastes.
October 2016: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931367/wetlands-for-wastewater-treatment
#11
Yi Jiang, Edith Martinez-Guerra, Veera Gnaneswar Gude, Benjamin Magbanua, Dennis D Truax, James L Martin
An update on the current research and development of the treatment technologies, which utilize natural processes or passive components in wastewater treatment, is provided in this paper. The main focus is on wetland systems and their applications in wastewater treatment (as an advanced treatment unit or decentralized system), nutrient and pollutant removal (metals, industrial and emerging pollutants including pharmaceutical compounds). A summary of studies involving the effects of vegetation, wetland design and modeling, hybrid and innovative systems, storm water treatment and pathogen removal is also included...
October 2016: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930823/cultivable-microbiome-of-fresh-white-button-mushrooms
#12
Werner Rossouw, Lise Korsten
Microbial dynamics on commercially grown white button mushrooms is of importance in terms of food safety assurance and quality control. The purpose of this study was to establish the microbial profile of fresh white button mushrooms. The total microbial load was determined through standard viable counts. Presence and isolation of gram-negative bacteria including coagulase positive Staphylococci were performed using a selective enrichment approach. Dominant and presumptive organisms were confirmed using molecular methods...
December 8, 2016: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930551/assessment-of-2013-aha-acc-ascvd-risk-scores-with-behavioral-characteristics-of-an-urban-cohort-in-india-preliminary-analysis-of-noncommunicable-disease-initiatives-and-research-at-amrita-niram-study
#13
Vidya P Menon, Fabia Edathadathil, Dipu Sathyapalan, Merlin Moni, Ann Don, Sabarish Balachandran, Binny Pushpa, Preetha Prasanna, Nithu Sivaram, Anupama Nair, Nithu Vinod, Rekha Jayaprasad, Veena Menon
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death and disability in India. Early and sustained exposure to behavioral risk factors leads to development of CVDs.The aim of this study was to determine the baseline risk of a "hard CVD event" in subjects attending comprehensive health clinic and assess behavioral characteristics in "at risk" population.Using WHO STEPwise approach to Surveillance modified questionnaire, prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and risk factors was estimated in this cross-sectional study of 4507 subjects...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930524/dietary-protein-and-fat-intake-in-relation-to-risk-of-colorectal-adenoma-in-korean
#14
Sun Young Yang, Young Sun Kim, Jung Eun Lee, Jueun Seol, Ji Hyun Song, Goh Eun Chung, Jeong Yoon Yim, Sun Hee Lim, Joo Sung Kim
Consumption of red meat and alcohol are known risk factors for colorectal cancer, but associations for dietary fat remain unclear. We investigated the associations of dietary fat, protein, and energy intake with prevalence of colorectal adenoma.We performed a prospective cross-sectional study on asymptomatic persons who underwent a screening colonoscopy at a single center during a routine health check-up from May to December 2011. Dietary data were obtained via a validated Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), assisted by a registered dietician...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930506/change-of-ascending-reticular-activating-system-with-recovery-from-vegetative-state-to-minimally-conscious-state-in-a-stroke-patient
#15
Sung Ho Jang, Chul Hoon Chang, Young Jin Jung, You Sung Seo
RATIONALE: We report on a stroke patient who showed change of the ascending reticular activating system (ARAS) concurrent with recovery from a vegetative state (VS) to a minimally conscious state (MCS), which was demonstrated on diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). PATIENT CONCERNS: A 59-year-old male patient underwent CT-guided stereotactic drainage 3 times for management of intracerebral hemorrhage and intraventricular hemorrhage. DIAGNOSIS: After 4 months from onset, when starting rehabilitation, the patient showed impaired consciousness, with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 6 and a Coma Recovery Scale-Revised score of 2...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930368/metal-contamination-in-environmental-media-in-residential-areas-around-romanian-mining-sites
#16
Iulia A Neamtiu, Souhail R Al-Abed, John L McKernan, Calin L Baciu, Eugen S Gurzau, Anca O Pogacean, Scott M Bessler
Hard-rock mining for metals, such as gold, silver, copper, zinc, iron and others, is recognized to have a significant impact on the environmental media, soil and water, in particular. Toxic contaminants released from mine waste to surface water and groundwater is the primary concern, but human exposure to soil contaminants either directly, via inhalation of airborne dust particles, or indirectly, via food chain (ingestion of animal products and/or vegetables grown in contaminated areas), is also, significant...
December 8, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930293/the-plant-component-of-an-acheulian-diet-at-gesher-benot-ya-aqov-israel
#17
Yoel Melamed, Mordechai E Kislev, Eli Geffen, Simcha Lev-Yadun, Naama Goren-Inbar
Diet is central for understanding hominin evolution, adaptation, and environmental exploitation, but Paleolithic plant remains are scarce. A unique macrobotanical assemblage of 55 food plant taxa from the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov, Israel includes seeds, fruits, nuts, vegetables, and plants producing underground storage organs. The food plant remains were part of a diet that also included aquatic and terrestrial fauna. This diverse assemblage, 780,000 y old, reflects a varied plant diet, staple plant foods, environmental knowledge, seasonality, and the use of fire in food processing...
December 5, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929190/mechanism-and-kinetics-of-tyrosinase-inhibition-by-glycolic-acid-a-study-using-conventional-spectroscopy-methods-and-hydrogen-deuterium-exchange-coupling-with-mass-spectrometry
#18
Da Ma, Zong-Cai Tu, Hui Wang, Lu Zhang, Na He, David Julian McClements
Tyrosinase is an enzyme that promotes enzymatic browning of fruits and vegetables, thereby reducing product quality. A variety of analytical tools were used to characterize the interactions between tyrosinase and a natural tyrosinase inhibitor (glycolic acid). Hydrogen/deuterium exchange coupling with mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) was used to elucidate the interaction mechanism between glycolic acid and tyrosinase. UV-visible, fluorescence and circular dichroism spectroscopy analysis indicated that glycolic acid inhibited tyrosinase activity in a mixed-type manner with an IC50 of 83 ± 14 μM...
December 8, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928925/molecular-detection-of-murine-gammaherpesvirus-68-mhv-68-in-haemaphysalis-concinna-ticks-collected-in-slovakia
#19
M Vrbová, P Belvončíková, A Kovaľová, R Matúšková, M Slovák, M Kúdelová
Murine gammaherpesvirus 68 (MHV-68) is a natural pathogen of murid rodents, which serve as hosts to Haemaphysalis concinna ticks. The occurrence of MHV-68 was investigated in a total of 47 H. concinna adult ticks collected on the vegetation in Gabčíkovo, situated in south-western Slovakia (47º54´0´´N, 17º35´0´´E), from May 2013 to May 2014. DNA from ticks was purified and screened by nested PCR targeting ORF50 of MHV-68 and the copy number of virus genome in ticks was determined by a real-time PCR assay specific for ORF65...
2016: Acta Virologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928690/from-shoot-to-leaf-step-wise-shifts-in-meristem-and-knox1-activity-correlate-with-the-evolution-of-a-unifoliate-body-plan-in-gesneriaceae
#20
Kanae Nishii, Bing-Hong Huang, Chun-Neng Wang, Michael Möller
Typical dicots possess equal-sized cotyledons and leaf-bearing shoots topped with a shoot apical meristem (SAM), the source of lateral organs, and where KNOX1 homeobox genes act as key regulators. New World Gesneriaceae show typical cotyledons, whereas Old World Gesneriaceae show anisocotyly, the unequal post-germination growth of cotyledons, and include unifoliate (one-leaf) plants. One-leaf plants show an extremely reduced body plan: the adult above-ground photosynthetic tissue consisting of a single cotyledon, a macrocotyledon enlarged by the basal meristem (BM), but lacking a SAM...
December 8, 2016: Development Genes and Evolution
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