keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vegeta*

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551543/justicia-spicigera-schltdl-and-kaempferitrin-as-potential-anticonvulsant-natural-products
#1
Ma Eva González-Trujano, Fabiola Domínguez, Gimena Pérez-Ortega, Miguel Aguillón, David Martínez-Vargas, Salvador Almazán-Alvarado, Adrián Martínez
Justicia spicigera Schltdl. is a vegetal species traditionally used to control epilepsy, but scientific evidence is required to reinforce this activity. The aim of the study was to evaluate the anticonvulsant-like activity of J. spicigera aqueous extract (JsAE) and a bioactive compound. JsAE was assessed in a dose-response manner (30, 100 and 1000mg/kg, i.p.) using the pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced seizures and maximal electroshock seizure (MES) test in mice in comparison to ethosuximide (ETX, reference drug 100mg/kg, i...
May 24, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551493/residential-greenness-and-adiposity-findings-from-the-uk-biobank
#2
Chinmoy Sarkar
BACKGROUND: With the rapid urbanization and prevailing obesity pandemic, the role of residential green exposures in obesity prevention has gained renewed focus. The study investigated the effects of residential green exposures on adiposity using a large and diverse population sample drawn from the UK Biobank. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a population based cross-sectional study of 333,183 participants aged 38-73years with individual-level data on residential greenness and built environment exposures...
May 25, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551250/the-contribution-of-alliaceous-and-cruciferous-vegetables-to-dietary-sulphur-intake
#3
Joanne F Doleman, Katrijn Grisar, Lena Van Liedekerke, Shikha Saha, Mark Roe, Henri S Tapp, Richard F Mithen
Despite its importance in many areas of human metabolism, there are no recommended daily intake guide lines for sulphur. It is generally assumed that most dietary sulphur originates from intake of methionine and cysteine. We estimated sulphur intake from food diaries, and validated the results with the use of a duplicate diet analyses. Sulphur intake estimations were highly correlated with that obtain through an elemental analysis of duplicate diets, with a mean±sd daily intakes of 956±327.9mg estimated from diet diary analyses and 935±329...
November 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551111/vegetarian-on-purpose-understanding-the-motivations-of-plant-based-dieters
#4
Daniel L Rosenfeld, Anthony L Burrow
Much recent research has explored vegetarians' dietary motivations, recurrently highlighting the significant influence they exert on how people view themselves and others. For vegetarians and other plant-based dieters, dietary motivations have been theorized to be a central aspect of identity. Yet not all plant-based dieters are motivated to follow their diets; rather, some face aversions and constraints. In this paper, we propose that motivations, aversions, and constraints constitute three distinct reasons for consuming a plant-based diet...
May 24, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551044/a-deficiency-of-nutrition-education-and-practice-in-cardiology
#5
Stephen Devries, Arthur Agatston, Monica Aggarwal, Karen E Aspry, Caldwell B Esselstyn, Penny Kris-Etherton, Michael Miller, James H O'Keefe, Emilio Ros, Anne K Rzeszut, Beth A White, Kim A Williams, Andrew M Freeman
PURPOSE: Nutrition is one of the foundations of cardiovascular guidelines for risk reduction and treatment. However, little is known about whether cardiologists, cardiology fellows-in-training, and cardiovascular team members have the nutrition education and knowledge necessary to implement these guidelines. The aim of this study was to describe the educational experiences, attitudes, and practices relating to nutrition among cardiovascular professionals. METHODS: Surveys completed by cardiologists, fellows-in-training, and cardiovascular team members inquired about their personal dietary habits, history of nutrition education, and attitudes regarding nutrition interventions...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550727/multiple-remote-sensing-data-sources-to-assess-spatio-temporal-patterns-of-fire-incidence-over-campos-amaz%C3%A3-nicos-savanna-vegetation-enclave-brazilian-amazon
#6
Daniel Borini Alves, Fernando Pérez-Cabello
Fire activity plays an important role in the past, present and future of Earth system behavior. Monitoring and assessing spatial and temporal fire dynamics have a fundamental relevance in the understanding of ecological processes and the human impacts on different landscapes and multiple spatial scales. This work analyzes the spatio-temporal distribution of burned areas in one of the biggest savanna vegetation enclaves in the southern Brazilian Amazon, from 2000 to 2016, deriving information from multiple remote sensing data sources (Landsat and MODIS surface reflectance, TRMM pluviometry and Vegetation Continuous Field tree cover layers)...
May 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550516/mapping-the-spatio-temporal-distribution-of-key-vegetation-cover-properties-in-lowland-river-reaches-using-digital-photography
#7
Veerle Verschoren, Jonas Schoelynck, Kerst Buis, Fleur Visser, Patrick Meire, Stijn Temmerman
The presence of vegetation in stream ecosystems is highly dynamic in both space and time. A digital photography technique is developed to map aquatic vegetation cover at species level, which has a very high spatial and a flexible temporal resolution. A digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) camera mounted on a handheld telescopic pole is used. The low-altitude (5 m) orthogonal aerial images have a low spectral resolution (red-green-blue), high spatial resolution (∼1.9 pixels cm(-2), ∼1.3 cm length) and flexible temporal resolution (monthly)...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550491/influence-of-diet-on-the-course-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#8
Laura Tasson, Cristina Canova, Maria Grazia Vettorato, Edoardo Savarino, Renzo Zanotti
BACKGROUND: While the importance of diet in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is generally recognized, influence of food on the course of IBD is little understood. AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the association between food intake and course of disease in patients with IBD. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study on 103 adult patients (50 with active disease and 53 in remission, divided by their calprotectin level), who completed a food frequency questionnaire on their intake of several foods over 1 year...
May 26, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550207/atx3-atx4-and-atx5-encode-putative-h3k4-methyltransferases-and-are-critical-for-plant-development
#9
Liqun Chen, Jinhong Luo, Zhenhai Cui, Ming Xue, Li Wang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Wojtek P Pawlowski, Yan He
Methylation of lysine residues in the tail of the H3 histone is a key regulator of chromatin state and gene expression, conferred by a large family of enzymes containing an evolutionarily-conserved SET domain. One of the main types of SET domain proteins are those controlling H3K4 di- and trimethylation. The genome of Arabidopsis encodes 12 such proteins, including five ARABIDOPSIS TRITHORAX (ATX) proteins and seven ATX-Related (ATXR) proteins. Here we examined three until-now-unexplored ATX proteins, ATX3, ATX4, and ATX5...
May 26, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549760/perception-of-food-consumed-at-home-and-dietary-intake-a-nationwide-study-from-brazil
#10
Maria Fernanda Gombi-Vaca, Paula Martins Horta, Bruna Kulik Hassan, Thalita Fialho da Rocha, Laurits Rohden Skov, Eliseu Verly-Jr
Perception of food consumed is a key factor in acknowledging the need for behavioral change to improve diet quality. We analyzed family dietary intake according to the head of household's perception of satisfaction with food consumed by the family. Households (n = 13,351) that participated in the Brazilian Household Budget Survey and the National Dietary Survey were classified as satisfied or dissatisfied with the food consumed in the home. We compared the family dietary intake of the two groups considering their socio-demographic characteristics...
May 23, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549450/the-left-atrial-bacterial-vegetative-mass-due-to-corynebacterium-striatum-as-a-presentation-of-myxoma-a-case-report
#11
Jun Xu, Qing Yang, Jun Li, Xia Zheng
BACKGROUND: Corynebacterium striatum is a member of the non-diphtherial corynebacteria, which are ubiquitous in nature and generally colonize the skin and mucous membranes of humans. Rarely, it causes infective endocarditis (IE). We report a case of rare left atrial bacterial vegetative mass due to C. striatum masquerading as a myxoma identified through a tortuous diagnostic process, and present a brief review of the relevant literature. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of 63-year-old man who presented with progressively worsening dyspnea on exertion and lower leg edema, and was diagnosed with heart failure...
May 26, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549371/theoretical-analysis-of-coupled-effects-of-microbe-and-root-architecture-on-methane-oxidation-in-vegetated-landfill-covers
#12
S Feng, A K Leung, C W W Ng, H W Liu
Reduction of soil moisture by plant root-water uptake could improve soil aeration for microbial aerobic methane oxidation (MAMO) in a landfill cover, but excessive soil moisture removal could suppress microbial activity due to water shortage. Existing models ignore the coupled microbe-vegetation interaction. It is thus not known whether the presence of plants is beneficial or adverse to MAMO. This study proposes a newly-improved theoretical model that couples the effects of root-water uptake and microbial activity for capturing water-gas flow and MAMO in unsaturated soils...
May 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549298/divided-consumption-of-late-night-dinner-improves-glycemic-excursions-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-cross-over-clinical-trial
#13
Saeko Imai, Shizuo Kajiyama, Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Chikako Yamane, Takashi Miyawaki, Neiko Ozasa, Muhei Tanaka, Michiaki Fukui
AIMS: To explore the acute effect of late-night-dinner and divided dinner on postprandial glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Sixteen patients were randomly assigned to this cross-over study. Each patient wore a continuous glucose monitor for 5days and consumed identical test meals for 3days. Patients consumed the test meals of dinner at 2100h (D21) or divided dinner (vegetable and rice at 1800h and the vegetable and the main dish at 2100h) on the second or fourth day, and dinner at 1800h (D18) on the third day...
May 16, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549288/ecological-effects-of-soil-properties-and-metal-concentrations-on-the-composition-and-diversity-of-microbial-communities-associated-with-land-use-patterns-in-an-electronic-waste-recycling-region
#14
Wencheng Wu, Changxun Dong, Jiahui Wu, Xiaowen Liu, Yingxin Wu, Xianbin Chen, Shixiao Yu
Soil microbes play vital roles in ecosystem functions, and soil microbial communities may be strongly structured by land use patterns associated with electronic waste (e-waste) recycling activities, which can increase the heavy metal concentration in soils. In this study, a suite of soils from five land use types (paddy field, vegetable field, dry field, forest field, and e-waste recycling site) were collected in Longtang Town, Guangdong Province, South China. Soil physicochemical properties and heavy metal concentrations were measured, and the indigenous microbial assemblages were profiled using 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing and clone library analyses...
May 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549286/long-term-heavy-metal-removal-by-a-constructed-wetland-treating-rainfall-runoff-from-a-motorway
#15
Laurence W Gill, Pamela Ring, Brian Casey, Neil M P Higgins, Paul M Johnston
The accumulation of heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn) in the sediment and plants growing in a constructed wetland used to treat highway runoff in Ireland has been quantified after 6 and 9year periods of operation. The spatial distribution of the metals' deposition showed strong evidence of flow channelling through the wetland with a strong correlation between the spatial accumulation, particularly for Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn with most of these metals deposited towards the front of the wetland in the sediment...
May 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548831/folate-biofortification-in-hydroponically-cultivated-spinach-by-the-addition-of-phenylalanine
#16
Sho Watanabe, Yuta Ohtani, Yohei Tatsukami, Wataru Aoki, Takashi Amemiya, Yasunori Sukekiyo, Seiichi Kubokawa, Mitsuyoshi Ueda
Folate is an important vitamin mainly ingested from vegetables, and folate deficiency causes various health problems. Recently, several studies demonstrated folate biofortification in plants or food crops by metabolic engineering through genetic modifications. However, genetically modified foods may have adverse effects, and their production and sales are under strict regulation. Here, we developed a new approach to achieve folate biofortification in spinach (Spinacia oleracea) without genetic modification...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548686/studies-on-the-antibody-response-and-side-effects-after-intramuscular-and-intraperitoneal-injection-of-atlantic-lumpfish-cyclopterus-lumpus-l-with-different-oil-based-vaccines
#17
T Erkinharju, M R Lundberg, E Isdal, I Hordvik, R A Dalmo, T Seternes
Atlantic lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus L.) is used as a biological delousing agent for sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis K.) infestations in Norwegian aquaculture. Here, we present a study on the antibody response and vaccine side effects after intramuscular and intraperitoneal injection of lumpfish with two vaccines. Both vaccines contained bacterial antigens from atypical Aeromonas salmonicida A-layer types V and VI, Vibrio anguillarum serotype O1 and Moritella viscosa sp., but one vaccine contained a vegetable oil-based adjuvant, while the other contained a mineral oil-based adjuvant...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548684/origins-of-anterior-posterior-polarity-by-localized-activation-of-disheveled
#18
Jeff Chieh-Fu Peng, Lingyu Wang, Athula H Wikramanayake
Most animal eggs have a primordial polarity, termed the animal-vegetal (AV) axis, that frequently predicts the anterior-posterior (AP) axis of the embryo and adult. Transformation of the AV polarity of the egg to the AP polarity of the embryo in many species is mediated by the localized activation of canonical Wnt (cWnt) signaling in vegetal blastomeres by maternal determinants. In the sea urchin egg, cWnt signal transduction is facilitated by localized "activation" of the Disheveled protein, a central regulator of Wnt signaling...
May 26, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548549/semantic-verbal-fluency-impairment-is-detectable-in-patients-with-subjective-cognitive-decline
#19
Tomas Nikolai, Ondrej Bezdicek, Hana Markova, Hana Stepankova, Jiri Michalec, Miloslav Kopecek, Monika Dokoupilova, Jakub Hort, Martin Vyhnalek
Patients with subjective cognitive decline (SCD) are at higher risk for conversion to dementia due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Semantic verbal fluency (SVF) seems to be impaired in the early stages of AD. The goal of the present study was to identify the discriminative potential of verbal fluency (VF) in patients with SCD to show if very early signs of cognitive decline may be detected in SCD. We examined 93 normal controls (NC) and 61 participants with SCD. Each participant was administered a comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
May 26, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548109/morphometric-convergence-between-proterozoic-and-post-vegetation-rivers
#20
Alessandro Ielpi, Robert H Rainbird, Dario Ventra, Massimiliano Ghinassi
Proterozoic rivers flowed through barren landscapes, and lacked interactions with macroscopic organisms. It is widely held that, in the absence of vegetation, fluvial systems featured barely entrenched channels that promptly widened over floodplains during floods. This hypothesis has never been tested because of an enduring lack of Precambrian fluvial-channel morphometric data. Here we show, through remote sensing and outcrop sedimentology, that deep rivers were developed in the Proterozoic, and that morphometric parameters for large fluvial channels might have remained within a narrow range over almost 2 billion years...
May 26, 2017: Nature Communications
keyword
keyword
82889
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"