keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Vegeta*

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240777/nonlinear-spectral-mixture-effects-for-photosynthetic-non-photosynthetic-vegetation-cover-estimates-of-typical-desert-vegetation-in-western-china
#1
Cuicui Ji, Yonghong Jia, Zhihai Gao, Huaidong Wei, Xiaosong Li
Desert vegetation plays significant roles in securing the ecological integrity of oasis ecosystems in western China. Timely monitoring of photosynthetic/non-photosynthetic desert vegetation cover is necessary to guide management practices on land desertification and research into the mechanisms driving vegetation recession. In this study, nonlinear spectral mixture effects for photosynthetic/non-photosynthetic vegetation cover estimates are investigated through comparing the performance of linear and nonlinear spectral mixture models with different endmembers applied to field spectral measurements of two types of typical desert vegetation, namely, Nitraria shrubs and Haloxylon...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240776/microbiological-profile-and-risk-factors-for-in-hospital-mortality-of-infective-endocarditis-in-tertiary-care-hospitals-of-south-vietnam
#2
Hoang M Tran, Vien T Truong, Tam M N Ngo, Quoc P V Bui, Hoang C Nguyen, Trung T Q Le, Wojciech Mazur, Eugene Chung, John M Cafardi, Khanh P N Pham, Hoang H N Duong, Thach Nguyen, Vu T Nguyen, Vinh N Pham
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the microbiological characteristics and risk factors for mortality of infective endocarditis in two tertiary hospitals in Ho Chi Minh City, south Vietnam. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 189 patients (120 men, 69 women; mean age 38 ± 18 years) with the diagnosis of probable or definite infective endocarditis (IE) according to the modified Duke Criteria admitted to The Heart Institute or Tam Duc Hospital between January 2005 and December 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240655/evaluation-of-a-person-centered-theory-based-intervention-to-promote-health-behaviors
#3
Chiraporn Worawong, Mary Jo Borden, Karen M Cooper, Oscar A Pérez, Diane Lauver
BACKGROUND: Effective promotion of health behaviors requires strong interventions. Applying person-centered approaches and concepts synthesized from two motivational theories could strengthen the effects of such interventions. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to report the effect sizes, fidelity, and acceptability of a person-centered, health behavior intervention based on self-regulation and self-determination theories. METHODS: Using a pre- and postintervention design, with a 4-week follow-up, advanced practice registered nurses made six weekly contacts with 52 volunteer participants...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240417/modifying-the-formulation-of-abamectin-to-promote-its-efficacy-on-southern-root-knot-nematode-meloidogyne-incognita-under-blending-of-soil-and-root-irrigation-conditions
#4
Beixing Li, Yupeng Ren, Da-Xia Zhang, Shuangyu Xu, Wei Mu, Feng Liu
The southern root-knot nematode (RKN), Meloidogyne incognita, is the most disastrous and prevalent nematode threat to the production of crops, especially vegetables. In the current study, second-stage juveniles (J2) of M. incognita were collected from five regions near Tai'an, China. The toxicity of abamectin to these J2 had insignificant differences, with LC50 values of approximately 2 mg/L. Two pesticide application approaches (i.e., blending-of-soil and root-irrigation) were adopted in pot experiments; blending-of-soil was more beneficial for promoting the efficacy of abamectin on the RKN of tomatoes...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239587/redefining-medical-care
#5
Lauren R Roth
President Donald J. Trump has said he will repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and replace it with health savings accounts (HSAs). Conservatives have long preferred individual accounts to meet social welfare needs instead of more traditional entitlement programs. The types of "medical care" that can be reimbursed through an HSA are listed in section 213(d) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) and include expenses "for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, or for the purpose of affecting any structure or function of the body...
2017: Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239561/spatial-analysis-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-an-endemic-area-of-iran-based-on-environmental-factors
#6
Roghieh Ramezankhani, Nooshin Sajjadi, Roya Nezakati Esmaeilzadeh, Seyed Ali Jozi, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi
Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by different species of protozoan parasites. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is still a great public health problem in Iran, especially in Isfahan Province. Distribution and abundance of vectors and reservoirs of this disease is affected by different factors such as climatic, socioeconomic and cultural. This study aimed to identify the hotspot areas for CL in Isfahan and assess the relations between the climatic and topographic factors with CL incidence using spatial analysis...
November 8, 2017: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238843/management-practices-used-in-agricultural-drainage-ditches-to-reduce-gulf-of-mexico-hypoxia
#7
REVIEW
Derek R Faust, Robert Kröger, Matthew T Moore, Scott A Rush
Agricultural non-point sources of nutrients and sediments have caused eutrophication and other water quality issues in aquatic and marine ecosystems, such as the annual occurrence of hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico. Management practices have been implemented adjacent to and in agricultural drainage ditches to promote their wetland characteristics and functions, including reduction of nitrogen, phosphorus, and sediment losses downstream. This review: (1) summarized studies examining changes in nutrient and total suspended solid concentrations and loads associated with management practices in drainage ditches (i...
December 13, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238620/angiovac-system-used-for-vegetation-debulking-in-a-patient-with-tricuspid-valve-endocarditis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Hossam Abubakar, Ahmed Rashed, Ahmed Subahi, Ahmed S Yassin, Mohamed Shokr, Mahir Elder
AngioVac is a vacuum-based device approved in 2014 for percutaneous removal of undesirable materials from the intravascular system. Although numerous reports exist with regard to the use of the AngioVac device in aspiration of iliocaval, pulmonary, upper extremity, and right-sided heart chamber thrombi, very few data are present demonstrating its use in treatment of right-sided endocarditis. In this case report, we describe the novel device used in debulking a large right-sided tricuspid valve vegetation reducing the occurrence of septic embolisation and enhancing the efficacy of antibiotics in clearance of bloodstream infection...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238566/water-level-affects-availability-of-optimal-feeding-habitats-for-threatened-migratory-waterbirds
#9
Yaara Aharon-Rotman, John McEvoy, Zheng Zhaoju, Hui Yu, Xin Wang, Yali Si, Zhenggang Xu, Zeng Yuan, Wooseog Jeong, Lei Cao, Anthony D Fox
Extensive ephemeral wetlands at Poyang Lake, created by dramatic seasonal changes in water level, constitute the main wintering site for migratory Anatidae in China. Reductions in wetland area during the last 15 years have led to proposals to build a Poyang Dam to retain high winter water levels within the lake. Changing the natural hydrological system will affect waterbirds dependent on water level changes for food availability and accessibility. We tracked two goose species with different feeding behaviors (greater white-fronted geese Anser albifrons [grazing species] and swan geese Anser cygnoides [tuber-feeding species]) during two winters with contrasting water levels (continuous recession in 2015; sustained high water in 2016, similar to those predicted post-Poyang Dam), investigating the effects of water level change on their habitat selection based on vegetation and elevation...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238538/strong-positive-effects-of-termites-on-savanna-bird-abundance-and-diversity-are-amplified-by-large-herbivore-exclusion
#10
Stein R Moe, Katrine Eldegard, Ole Tobias Rannestad, Paul Okullo, Ommund Lindtjørn, Ole Gunnar Støen, Svein Dale
Vast areas of the African savanna landscapes are characterized by tree-covered Macrotermes termite mounds embedded within a relatively open savanna matrix. In concert with termites, large herbivores are important determinants of savanna woody vegetation cover. The relative cover of woody species has considerable effects on savanna function. Despite the potentially important ecological relationships between termite mounds, woody plants, large herbivores, and birds, these associations have previously received surprisingly little attention...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238326/a-probabilistic-decision-making-scoring-system-for-quality-and-safety-management-in-alore%C3%A3-a-de-m%C3%A3-laga-table-olive-processing
#11
Miguel Á Ruiz Bellido, Antonio Valero, Eduardo Medina Pradas, Verónica Romero Gil, Francisco Rodríguez-Gómez, Guiomar D Posada-Izquierdo, Francisco Rincón, Aricia Possas, Rosa M García-Gimeno, Francisco N Arroyo-López
Table olives are one of the most representatives and consumed fermented vegetables in Mediterranean countries. However, there is an evident lack of standardization of production processes and HACCP systems thus implying the need of establishing decision-making tools allowing their commercialization and shelf-life extension. The present work aims at developing a decision-making scoring system by means of a probabilistic assessment to standardize production process of Aloreña de Málaga table olives based on the identification of potential hazards or deficiencies in hygienic processes for the subsequent implementation of corrective measures...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238283/involvement-of-a-polyketide-synthetase-clpks18-in-the-regulation-of-vegetative-growth-melanin-and-toxin-synthesis-and-virulence-in-curvularia-lunata
#12
Jin-Xin Gao, Jie Chen
The clpks18 gene was first cloned and identified in Curvularia lunata. It contains 6571 base pairs (bp) and an 6276 bp open reading frame encoding 2091 amino acids. The ClPKS18 deletion mutant displayed an albino phenotype, and almost lost the ability to product 5-(hydroxymethyl) furan-2-carboxylate (M5HF2C) toxin, implying that clpks18 gene in C. lunata is not only involved in 1,8-dihydroxynaphthalene melanin synthesis, but also relatively associated with M5HF2C toxin biosynthesis of the pathogen. The pathogenicity assays revealed that ΔClPKS18 was impaired in colonizing the maize leaves, which corresponds to the finding that ClPKS18 controls the production of melanin and M5HF2C in C...
December 2017: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237548/dietary-patterns-and-the-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-among-jordanians-a-case-control-study
#13
R F Tayyem, A E Al-Shudifat, A Johannessen, H A Bawadi, S S AbuMweis, L M Agraib, S S Allhedan, I Haj-Husein, M Azab
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dietary pattern and lifestyle have been reported to be significant risk factors in the development of coronary heart diseases (CHD). The contribution degree of these dietary risk factors in CHD development in non-westernized countries is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate several dietary choices and their potential association with CHD. METHODS AND RESULTS: A case-control study was conducted at Prince Hamza Hospital, a referral center for coronary angiography in Amman, Jordan...
November 8, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237454/dietary-patterns-are-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-middle-aged-adults-in-zhejiang-province-china
#14
Long Shu, Xiao-Ming Shen, Chun Li, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Pei-Fen Zheng
BACKGROUND: Although some studies have shown the associations between dietary patterns and the risk T2DM in a general population, the associations in middle-aged Chinese have been rarely studied to date. In this study, we aimed to characterize dietary patterns in Chinese adults aged 45-59y (n = 1918) and to evaluate the relationship between dietary patterns and the risk of T2DM. METHODS: The study population was a part of the population-based the Nutrition and Health Study conducted in the city of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China...
December 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237437/the-impact-of-a-community-led-program-promoting-weight-loss-and-healthy-living-in-aboriginal-communities-the-new-south-wales-knockout-health-challenge
#15
Erin Passmore, Brooke Shepherd, Andrew Milat, Louise Maher, Kiel Hennessey, Rachael Havrlant, Michelle Maxwell, Wendy Hodge, Fiona Christian, Justin Richards, Jo Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal people in Australia experience significant health burden from chronic disease. There has been limited research to identify effective healthy lifestyle programs to address risk factors for chronic disease among Aboriginal people. METHODS: The Knockout Health Challenge is a community-led healthy lifestyle program for Aboriginal communities across New South Wales, Australia. An evaluation of the 2013 Knockout Health Challenge was undertaken. Participants' self-reported physical activity and diet were measured at four time points - at the start and end of the Challenge (via paper form), and 5 and 9 months after the Challenge (via telephone survey)...
December 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237430/antitumor-effect-of-quercetin-on-y79-retinoblastoma-cells-via-activation-of-jnk-and-p38-mapk-pathways
#16
Haojie Liu, Ming Zhou
BACKGROUND: Quercetin (QCT) is a flavonol present in many vegetables, it is proved to show chemo preventive effect against lung, cervical, prostate, breast and colon cancer due to its anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor and anti-oxidant property. Looking into the reported chemo-preventive effect we speculated antitumor activity in retinoblastoma (RB) Y79 cells, we also studied the molecular mechanism for antitumor activity. METHODS: The effect of QCT on Y79 cell viability count was done by cell counting kit, cell cycle distribution, apoptosis studies and mitochondrial membrane potential was evaluated by flow cytometry...
December 13, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236973/the-role-of-financial-strain-and-self-control-in-explaining-health-behaviours-the-globe-study
#17
Mariëlle A Beenackers, Joost Oude Groeniger, Frank J van Lenthe, Carlijn B M Kamphuis
Background: Why lower socioeconomic groups behave less healthily can only partly be explained by direct costs of behaving healthily. We hypothesize that low income increases the risk of facing financial strain. Experiencing financial strain takes up cognitive 'bandwidth' and leads to less self-control, and subsequently results in more unhealthy behaviour. We therefore aim to investigate (i) whether a low income increases the likelihood of experiencing financial strain and of unhealthy behaviours, (ii) to what extent more financial strain is associated with less self-control and, subsequently, (iii) whether less self-control is related to more unhealthy behaviour...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236858/effects-of-temperature-on-the-feeding-behavior-of-alabama-argillacea-h%C3%A3-bner-lepidoptera-noctuidae-on-bt-and-non-bt-cotton-plants
#18
Francisco S Ramalho, Jéssica K S Pachú, Aline C S Lira, José B Malaquias, Bárbara D S Brito, José C Zanuncio, Francisco S Fernandes
The host acceptance behavior and environmental factors as temperature affect the feeding behavior of Lepidoptera pests. Thus, they must be considered in studies about the risk potential of resistance evolution. The current study sets the differences in the feeding behavior of neonate Alabama argillacea (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae exposed to Bt and non-Bt cotton plants, under different temperatures and time gap after hatching. Two cotton cultivars were used: the Bt (DP 404 BG - bollgard) and the non-transformed isoline, DP 4049...
December 7, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236720/topical-use-and-systemic-action-of-green-and-roasted-coffee-oils-and-ground-oils-in-a-cutaneous-incision-model-in-rats-rattus-norvegicus-albinus
#19
Bruno Grosselli Lania, Joseane Morari, Aglécio Luis de Souza, Marilene Neves da Silva, Amanda Roberta de Almeida, Gislaine Veira-Damiani, Sarah Monte Alegre, Carlos Lenz César, Lício Augusto Velloso, Maria Letícia Cintra, Nilson Borlina Maia, Paulo Eduardo Neves Ferreira Velho
INTRODUCTION: Wounds are a common health problem. Coffee is widely consumed and its oil contains essential fatty acids. We evaluated the local (skin) and systemic effects associated with the topical use of coffee oils in rats. METHODS: Punch skin wounds (6 mm) incisions were generated on the backs of 75 rats. Saline (SS), mineral oil (MO), green coffee oil (GCO), roasted coffee oil (RCO), green coffee ground oil (GCGO) or roasted coffee ground oil (RCGO) were topically applied to the wounds...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236551/the-association-between-index-of-nutritional-quality-inq-and-glioma-and-evaluation-of-nutrient-intakes-of-these-patients-a-case-control-study
#20
Mehdi Shayanfar, Farhad Vahid, Zeinab Faghfoori, Sayed Hossein Davoodi, Reza Goodarzi
INTRODUCTION: Glioma is the most common adult brain tumors. Dietary factors may play a role in the etiology of glioma. The Index of Nutritional Quality (INQ) provides a general overview for the nutrient content of a food or a diet. This study aimed to investigate the association between INQ and glioma and nutrient intakes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was included 128 patients and 256 controls. Dietary intakes of the subjects were evaluated by a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and FFQ-derived dietary data were used to calculate INQ scores...
December 13, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
keyword
keyword
82889
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"