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Amy Nb Johnston, Matthew J Barton, Grant A Williams-Pritchard, Michael Todorovic
Undergraduate nursing programs typically include students with limited 'on-campus' time who need learning resources that are flexible, technologically appropriate, remotely-accessible (mobile smart devices), and above all, engaging. This has presented academics with challenges surrounding institutional security firewalls, password-access requirements, intellectual property/ownership and staff/student privacy. To overcome these challenges a collection of evidence-based YouTube videos, posted on the Biological Sciences YouTube Channel, supported by the Biosciences in Nurse Education, and underpinned by Benner's pedagogical framework, were developed with the intention of moving students from novice to competent clinical bioscience users...
June 9, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
Guangyong Li, Guo Hong, Dapeng Dong, Wenhui Song, Xuetong Zhang
Wearable devices and systems demand multifunctional units with intelligent and integrative functions. Smart fibers with response to external stimuli, such as electrical, thermal, and photonic signals, etc., as well as offering energy storage/conversion are essential units for wearable electronics, but still remain great challenges. Herein, flexible, strong, and self-cleaning graphene-aerogel composite fibers, with tunable functions of thermal conversion and storage under multistimuli, are fabricated. The fibers made from porous graphene aerogel/organic phase-change materials coated with hydrophobic fluorocarbon resin render a wide range of phase transition temperature and enthalpy (0-186 J g-1 )...
June 14, 2018: Advanced Materials
Margaret Smith, Miriam Segura-Totten, Kelly West
The impact of the Internet on education has been recognized for decades, and as technology advances, the ways in which students can access Internet content is ever increasing. Most students have some kind of portable smart device with which they access Internet content without the locational constraints of a desktop computer. This mobility has prompted abundant literature suggesting ways that Quick Response Codes (QR codes), a kind of two dimensional barcode, could be used to advance student learning. However, very few studies have tested the usefulness of QR codes in undergraduate science classes...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Saeed Shahrokhian, Saba Ranjbar
Herein, we report the development of an electrochemical biosensor for Escherichia coli O157:H7 diagnostic based on amino-functionalized metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) as a new generation of organic-inorganic hybrid nanocomposites. The electrical and morphological properties of MOFs were enhanced by interweaving each isolated MOF crystal with polyaniline (PANI). Subsequent attachment of the amine-modified aptamer to the polyanilinated MOFs was accomplished using glutaraldehyde (GA) as a cross-linking agent...
June 14, 2018: Analyst
Wei Hu, Mei Chen, Le Zhou, Tingjun Zhong, Xiaotao Yuan, Feiwu Chen, Lanying Zhang
In this work, a bistable polymer framework liquid crystal (PFLC) thin film by thermal curing of epoxy monomers with two different thiols, a traditional flexible-structure thiol and a novel original rigid-structure thiol has been successfully fabricated, combining a novel mixed morphology of polymer matrix and cholesteric liquid crystals with negative dielectric anisotropy. The polymer framework morphology has been presented by curing two types of epoxy monomers with two types of thiols, and the liquid crystals tend to be focal conic textures with large size domains at the initial state in the PFLC film, so that it has a moderate light transmissivity at this state between the transparent state and the opaque state...
June 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Seyyed Salman Alavi, Maryam Ghanizadeh, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Soroush Mohammadi Kalhory, Fereshteh Jannatifard, Ghazal Sepahbodi
Objective: Smart phones have rapidly become an integral, and for some, an essential communication device worldwide. The issue of identity has always been a subject of interest among psychologists. The present study was conducted to compare personal and national identity and their subscales between cell phone addicts and non-addicts. Method : In this cross-sectional study, 500 student cell phone users from various universities in Tehran were recruited using stratified sampling. Participants completed cell phone addiction questionnaires including Mobile Phone Problematic Use Scale (MPPUS), Cell Phone Dependency Questionnaire (CPDQ), Personal Identity Development Questionnaire, Extended Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status (EOMEIS) and National Identity Questionnaire...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Laura Arjona, Hugo Landaluce Simon, Asier Perallos Ruiz
The growing interest in mobile devices is transforming wireless identification technologies. Mobile and battery-powered Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) readers, such as hand readers and smart phones, are are becoming increasingly attractive. These RFID readers require energy-efficient anti-collision protocols to minimize the tag collisions and to expand the reader's battery life. Furthermore, there is an increasing interest in RFID sensor networks with a growing number of RFID sensor tags. Thus, RFID application developers must be mindful of tag anti-collision protocols...
June 11, 2018: Sensors
Ilsun You, Soonhyun Kwon, Gaurav Choudhary, Vishal Sharma, Jung Taek Seo
The Internet of Things (IoT) utilizes algorithms to facilitate intelligent applications across cities in the form of smart-urban projects. As the majority of devices in IoT are battery operated, their applications should be facilitated with a low-power communication setup. Such facility is possible through the Low-Power Wide-Area Network (LPWAN), but at a constrained bit rate. For long-range communication over LPWAN, several approaches and protocols are adopted. One such protocol is the Long-Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN), which is a media access layer protocol for long-range communication between the devices and the application servers via LPWAN gateways...
June 8, 2018: Sensors
Kevan M A Gartland, Jill S Gartland
Strategies for biotechnology must take account of opportunities for research, innovation and business growth. At a regional level, public-private collaborations provide potential for such growth and the creation of centres of excellence. By considering recent progress in areas such as genomics, healthcare diagnostics, synthetic biology, gene editing and bio-digital technologies, opportunities for smart, strategic and specialised investment are discussed. These opportunities often involve convergent or disruptive technologies, combining for example elements of pharma-science, molecular biology, bioinformatics and novel device development to enhance biotechnology and the life sciences...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Biotechnology
Rohit Saraf, Vivek Maheshwari
A monolith photodetector is presented that utilizes the material properties of MAPbI3 perovskite for self-powered operation and achieves improved stability by composting with polystyrene. The self-powered operation makes this device suitable for remote applications and in smart systems. Improved stability of more than 20 days, with performance maintained by over 80% under ambient conditions, is achieved by incorporating polystyrene without additional fabrication steps. A plain MAPbI3 device in comparison shows a performance degradation of 70-85% within 4 days of operation...
June 11, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Loïc Leclercq
The interactions between two or more molecules or colloidal particles can be used to obtain a variety of self-assembled systems called supramolecules or supracolloids. There is a clear, but neglected, convergence between these two fields. Indeed, the packing of molecules into colloidal or supracolloidal particles emerges as a smart solution to build an infinite variety of reversible systems with predictable properties. In this respect, the molecular building blocks are called "tectons" whereas "colloidal tectonics" describes the spontaneous formation of (supra)colloidal structures using tectonic subunits...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Anoop N Koshy, Jithin K Sajeev, Nitesh Nerlekar, Adam J Brown, Kevin Rajakariar, Mark Zureik, Michael C Wong, Louise Roberts, Maryann Street, Jennifer Cooke, Andrew W Teh
BACKGROUND: Despite studies demonstrating the accuracy of smart watches (SW) and wearable heart rate (HR) monitors in sinus rhythm, no data exists regarding their utility in arrhythmias. METHODS: 102 hospitalized patients were evaluated at rest using continuous electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring with concomitant SW-HR (FitBit, FB, Apple Watch, AW) for 30 min. RESULTS: Across all devices, 38,616 HR values were recorded. Sinus rhythm cohort demonstrated strong agreement for both devices with a low bias (FB & AW Bias = 1 beat)...
September 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Ping Wang, Larry J Kricka
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care technology (POCT)2 provides actionable information at the site of care to allow rapid clinical decision-making. With healthcare emphasis shifting toward precision medicine, population health, and chronic disease management, the potential impact of POCT continues to grow, and several prominent POCT trends have emerged or strengthened in the last decade. CONTENT: This review summarizes current and emerging trends in POCT, including technologies approved or cleared by the Food and Drug Administration or in development...
June 8, 2018: Clinical Chemistry
Dowan Kim, Eunsu Lee, Jinhwan Yoon
Active switching glazings driven by electrical energy have been widely used for the on-demand control of the optical transmittance of smart windows; however, continuous electrical energy consumption is necessary to maintain the optical state. In this work, to minimize the energy consumption during operation of switchable windows, we have developed an optically bistable switching glazing based on the memory function in the volume change of the hydrogels. By grafting a multi-component copolymer that has a chemical composition gradient of three different monomers onto the methyl cellulose backbone, the prepared hydrogel exhibits a smooth transition during heating and a large thermal hysteresis in the swelling behavior during cooling...
June 8, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Lili Shen, Jiming Guo, Lei Wang
The network real-time kinematic (RTK) technique can provide centimeter-level real time positioning solutions and play a key role in geo-spatial infrastructure. With ever-increasing popularity, network RTK systems will face issues in the support of large numbers of concurrent users. In the past, high-precision positioning services were oriented towards professionals and only supported a few concurrent users. Currently, precise positioning provides a spatial foundation for artificial intelligence (AI), and countless smart devices (autonomous cars, unmanned aerial-vehicles (UAVs), robotic equipment, etc...
June 6, 2018: Sensors
Jun Zhao, Shuyuan Cui, Xingang Zhang, Wenqing Li
A smart synthetic method is conceived to construct large batches of ZnO nanostructures to meet market demand for light-emitting diodes. Utilizing the localized surface plasmon resonance of metal nanoparticles (NPs) facilitates the recombination of electron-hole pairs and the release of photons. Compared to raw ZnO nanorods (NRs), ZnO NRs@HfO2@Al NPs show a ~120× enhancement in ultraviolet photoluminescence (PL), while ZnO NRs@HfO2@Ag NPs show a six-fold enhancement. Because the surface plasmon energy of Al is nearer the ZnO band gap, the PL enhancement of ZnO NRs covered with Al is stronger than that of those covered
 with Ag...
June 8, 2018: Nanotechnology
Todd A Walroth, Shannon Smallwood, Karen Arthur, Betsy Vance, Alana Washington, Therese Staublin, Tammy Haslar, Jennifer G Reddan, James Fuller
PURPOSE: Development and implementation of an interprofessional consensus-driven process for review and optimization of smart-pump drug libraries and dosing limits are described. SUMMARY: The Indianapolis Coalition for Patient Safety (ICPS), which represents 6 Indianapolis-area health systems, identified an opportunity to reduce clinically insignificant alerts that smart infusion pumps present to end users. Through a consensus-driven process, ICPS aimed to identify best practices to implement at individual hospitals in order to establish specific action items for smart-pump drug library optimization...
June 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Mei-Ling Blank, Janet Hoek, Mark George, Philip Gendall, Tamlin S Conner, Johannes Thrul, Pamela M Ling, Tobias Langlotz
Introduction: Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are used to aid smoking cessation attempts; however, many smokers continue to smoke while using an ENDS (dual use). Although uncertainty remains regarding whether specific ENDS patterns hinder or support successful smoking cessation, recent advances in "smart" technology allow passive and active recording of behaviors in real time, enabling more detailed insights into how smoking and vaping patterns may coevolve. We describe patterns of ENDS initiation, and subsequent use, including any changes in cigarette consumption, among daily smokers using a "smart" ENDS (S-ENDS) to quit smoking...
June 6, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Kristen N Griggs, Olya Ossipova, Christopher P Kohlios, Alessandro N Baccarini, Emily A Howson, Thaier Hayajneh
As Internet of Things (IoT) devices and other remote patient monitoring systems increase in popularity, security concerns about the transfer and logging of data transactions arise. In order to handle the protected health information (PHI) generated by these devices, we propose utilizing blockchain-based smart contracts to facilitate secure analysis and management of medical sensors. Using a private blockchain based on the Ethereum protocol, we created a system where the sensors communicate with a smart device that calls smart contracts and writes records of all events on the blockchain...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Serena Rigo, Chao Cai, Gesine Gunkel-Grabole, Lionel Maurizi, Xiaoyan Zhang, Jian Xu, Cornelia G Palivan
Microbial contamination and biofilm formation of medical devices is a major issue associated with medical complications and increased costs. Consequently, there is a growing need for novel strategies and exploitation of nanoscience-based technologies to reduce the interaction of bacteria and microbes with synthetic surfaces. This article focuses on surfaces that are nanostructured, have functional coatings, and generate or release antimicrobial compounds, including "smart surfaces" producing antibiotics on demand...
May 2018: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
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