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Heekyeong Park, Sungho Lee, Seok Hwan Jeong, Ui Hyun Jung, Kidong Park, Min Goo Lee, Sunkook Kim, Joonhyung Lee
Flexible sensors connected to cell phones are a promising technology that can aid in continuously monitoring signals in our daily lives, such as an individual's health status and information from buildings, farms, and industry. Among such signals, real-time humidity monitoring is crucial to a comfortable life, as human bodies, plants, and industrial environments require appropriate humidity to be maintained. We propose a hydrophilic polytetrafluoroethylene (H-PTFE)-based flexible humidity sensor integrated with readout circuitry, wireless communication, and a mobile battery...
March 20, 2018: Sensors
Ariel F Pomputius
Wellness-the balance of mental, emotional, spiritual, and physical health for the overall health benefit of the individual-is a growing concern, particularly for professionals in the medical field. Although wellness is usually viewed in opposition to technology, more digital devices and mobile applications are emerging to support wellness for health consumers. This wellness technology seeks to improve the overall health of the user through increasing calm and decreasing stress. This column will explain what wellness technology is, concerns over its widespread application, examples of wellness devices on the market currently, and an overview of where it is being applied in libraries...
April 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
Ingrid Waisman, Elisa Hidalgo, María L Rossi
INTRODUCTION: The use of mobile devices has become ubiquitous in the family, across all social strata, and from an early age. OBJECTIVES: To assess the use of mobile and fixed screens among young children, the time spent doing traditional childhood activities, and the relationship to the maternal level of education. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive, crosssectional design. POPULATION: Children aged 6 months to 5 years seen in Río Cuarto, Córdoba, between July and September 2016...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
L Rodriguez-Prunotto, R Cano-de-la-Cuerda
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of stroke has increased in recent years, highlighting the role of prevention and identification of risk factors, as well as the analysis of their costs. At present, new technologies, specifically mobile applications, are considered as tools with potential benefits in patients with stroke care. AIM: To carry out a systematic review about the information related to potential or specifically designed mobile applications in the field of stroke, in order to classify them and carry out a description of the main characteristics of them...
April 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Brad E Dicianno, James Joseph, Stacy Eckstein, Christina K Zigler, Eleanor J Quinby, Mark R Schmeler, Richard M Schein, Jon Pearlman, Rory A Cooper
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the opinions of providers of mobility assistive technologies to help inform a research agenda and set priorities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This survey study was anonymous and gathered opinions of individuals who participate in the process to provide wheelchairs and other assistive technologies to clients. Participants were asked to rank the importance of developing various technologies and rank items against each other in terms of order of importance...
March 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Jason Hostetter, Nishanth Khanna, Jacob C Mandell
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to integrate web-based forms with a zero-footprint cloud-based Picture Archiving and Communication Systems (PACS) to create a tool of potential benefit to radiology research and education. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Web-based forms were created with a front-end and back-end architecture utilizing common programming languages including Vue.js, Node.js and MongoDB, and integrated into an existing zero-footprint cloud-based PACS...
March 16, 2018: Academic Radiology
Sushanth Bhat, Genevieve Pinto-Zipp, Hinesh Upadhyay, Peter G Polos
OBJECTIVES: The use of mobile device-based electronic social media (ESM) in bed is rapidly becoming commonplace, with potentially adverse impacts on sleep and daytime functioning. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which in-bed ESM use is associated with insomnia, daytime sleepiness, mood, and sleep duration in adults. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted among 855 hospital employees and university students (mean age, 43...
April 2018: Sleep Health
Bogdan Muresan, Édouard Metzger, Didier Jézéquel, Daniel Cossa
This study investigated, on both metric and centimetric scales, mercury (Hg) transformations and dynamics within a water column chemocline of a tropical reservoir. Data collected included conventional measurement of Hg in water samples, diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGT) assessments, and thermodynamic speciation modeling in order to portray the biogeochemical processes that control elemental Hg (EM) and dissolved monomethylated Hg (MeHgD ) production. The primary contribution of this study is demonstration that the DGT technique can be successfully implemented to examine labile Hg compound mobilization, and estimation of how local substratum facilitates Hg reduction and methylation reactions...
March 3, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Tanja Schmidt, Jacqueline Kerr, Yan Kestens, Jasper Schipperijn
Daily mobility, defined as the ability to move oneself within one's neighborhood and regions beyond, is an important construct, which affects people as they age. Having a feasible and valid measure of daily mobility is essential to understand how it affects older adults' everyday life. Given the limitations of existing measures, new tools may be needed. The purpose of the study is to assess the feasibility and practicality of using the map-based questionnaire system VERITAS and GPS devices to measure daily mobility in older adults living in a deprived neighborhood in Denmark...
March 15, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
Byung Hyo Kim, Corey M Staller, Shin Hum Cho, Sungyeon Heo, Carrie E Garrison, Jongwook Kim, Delia J Milliron
Charge carrier mobility in transparent conducting oxide (TCO) films is mainly limited by impurity scattering, grain boundary scattering, and a hopping transport mechanism. We enhanced the mobility in nanocrystal (NC)-based TCO films, exceeding even typical values found in sputtered thin films, by addressing each of these scattering factors. Impurity scattering is diminished by incorporating cerium as a dopant in indium oxide NCs instead of the more typical dopant, tin. Grain boundary scattering is reduced by using large NCs with a size of 21 nm, which nonetheless were sufficiently small to avoid haze due to light scattering...
March 19, 2018: ACS Nano
Holger Fehlauer, Adam L Nekimken, Anna A Kim, Beth L Pruitt, Miriam B Goodman, Michael Krieg
One central goal of mechanobiology is to understand the reciprocal effect of mechanical stress on proteins and cells. Despite its importance, the influence of mechanical stress on cellular function is still poorly understood. In part, this knowledge gap exists because few tools enable simultaneous deformation of tissue and cells, imaging of cellular activity in live animals, and efficient restriction of motility in otherwise highly mobile model organisms, such as the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The small size of C...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Jungman Chung, Wonjoon Oh, Dongyoub Baek, Sunwoong Ryu, Won Gu Lee, Hyunwoo Bang
This study presents a series of protocols of designing and manufacturing a glasses-type wearable device that detects the patterns of temporalis muscle activities during food intake and other physical activities. We fabricated a 3D-printed frame of the glasses and a load cell-integrated printed circuit board (PCB) module inserted in both hinges of the frame. The module was used to acquire the force signals, and transmit them wirelessly. These procedures provide the system with higher mobility, which can be evaluated in practical wearing conditions such as walking and waggling...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Suresh Kumar Garlapati, Gabriel Cadilha Marques, Julia Gebauer, Simone Dehm, Mikhael Bruns, Markus Winterer, Mehdi Tahoori, Jasmin Aghassi, Horst Hahn, Subho Dasgupta
Oxide semiconductors are highly promising candidates for the most awaited, next-generation electronics, namely, printed electronics. As a fabrication route for the solution-processed/ printed oxide semiconductors, photonic curing is becoming increasingly popular, as compared to the conventional thermal curing method; the former offers numerous advantages over the latter, such as, low process temperatures, short exposure time and thereby high throughput compatibility. Here, using dissimilar photonic curing concepts (UV-visible light and UV-laser), we demonstrate facile fabrication of high performance In2O3 field-effect transistors (FETs)...
March 19, 2018: Nanotechnology
Colleen J Hernan, Tai A Collins, Julie Q Morrison, Stephen D Kroeger
As the capabilities of portable technology continue to advance and become more accessible, educators express concern about the impact of the inappropriate use of mobile devices on academic engagement and learning. An alternating treatments design was used to compare the effectiveness of an antecedent (Clear Box) intervention and an interdependent group contingency (Clear Box + Good Behavior Game [GBG]) intervention to typical classroom management techniques (Control) in increasing the academic engagement and decreasing mobile device use of high school students during instruction...
March 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
Waldemar Kaiser, Tim Albes, Alessio Gagliardi
Low charge carrier mobility is one key factor limiting the performance and applicability of devices based on organic semiconductors. Theoretical studies on mobility using the kinetic Monte Carlo or master equation are mainly based on a Gaussian energetic disorder and regular cubic lattices. The dependence of mobility on the electric field, temperature and charge carrier density is well studied for the Gaussian disorder model. In this work, we investigate the influence of spatially correlated site energies and spatial disorder in the lattice sites on the mobility using kinetic Monte Carlo simulations...
March 19, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Nao Yoshida, Shintaro Yamazaki, Masahiko Sugitani, Tadatoshi Takayama
Energy devices can cause significant thermal damage to surrounding tissues causing unanticipated organ trauma. To evaluate the safety and feasibility of a novel electric device (DD1) for soft tissue dissection. Three series of measurements were performed in a pig model. First, macro- and microscopic tissue damage was compared between the DD1 and an electric scalpel (ES). Second, the time course of tissue temperature was measured for the DD1 and three other energy devices (ES, Harmonic and LigaSure). Third, the time required for mobilization of a peripheral artery of the intestine was compared between the DD1 and manual, non-energized forceps...
2018: Bioscience Trends
Luisa Flohr, Shaylene Beaudry, K Taneille Johnson, Nicholas West, Catherine M Burns, J Mark Ansermino, Guy A Dumont, David Wensley, Peter Skippen, Matthias Gorges
The pediatric intensive care unit (ICU) is a complex environment, in which a multidisciplinary team of clinicians (registered nurses, respiratory therapists, and physicians) continually observe and evaluate patient information. Data are provided by multiple, and often physically separated sources, cognitive workload is high, and team communication can be challenging. Our aim is to combine information from multiple monitoring and therapeutic devices in a mobile application, the VitalPAD , to improve the efficiency of clinical decision-making, communication, and thereby patient safety...
2018: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
In Yae Cheong, So Yeon An, Won Chul Cha, Mi Yong Rha, Seung Tae Kim, Dong Kyung Chang, Ji Hye Hwang
BACKGROUND: The use of a mobile health care application, the delivery of health care or health care-related services through the use of portable devices, to manage functional loss, treatment-related toxicities, and impaired quality of life in cancer patients during chemotherapy through supervised self-management has been increasing. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of comprehensive mobile health care using a tailored rehabilitation program for colorectal cancer patients undergoing active chemotherapy...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
Ilaria Montagni, Tanguy Cariou, Tiphaine Feuillet, Emmanuel Langlois, Christophe Tzourio
BACKGROUND: During university, students face some potentially serious health risks, and their lifestyle can have a direct effect on health and health behaviors later in life. Concurrently, university students are digital natives having easy access to the internet and new technologies. Digital health interventions offer promising new opportunities for health promotion, disease prevention, and care in this specific population. The description of the current use of and opinions on digital health among university students can inform future digital health strategies and interventions within university settings...
March 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Morad Chughtai, John J Kelly, Jared M Newman, Assem A Sultan, Anton Khlopas, Nipun Sodhi, Anil Bhave, Michael C Kolczun, Michael A Mont
This study evaluated the use of telerehabilitation during the postoperative period for patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). Specifically, this study evaluated the following: (1) patient compliance and adherence to the program, (2) time spent performing physical therapy exercises, (3) the usability of the virtual rehabilitation platform, and (4) clinical outcome scores in a selected primary knee arthroplasty cohort. A total of 157 consecutive patients underwent TKA ( n  = 18) or UKA ( n  = 139)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
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