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Light AND (quality OR spectrum)

Ximeng Feng, Gang Li, Haixia Yu, Shaohui Wang, Xiaoqing Yi, Ling Lin
Noninvasive blood component analysis by spectroscopy has been a hotspot in biomedical engineering in recent years. Dynamic spectrum provides an excellent idea for noninvasive blood component measurement, but studies have been limited to the application of broadband light sources and high-resolution spectroscopy instruments. In order to remove redundant information, a more effective wavelength selection method has been presented in this paper. In contrast to many common wavelength selection methods, this method is based on sensing mechanism which has a clear mechanism and can effectively avoid the noise from acquisition system...
November 26, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
T Cabrera, C Ramires-Neto, K R A Belaz, C P Freitas-Dell'aqua, D Zampieri, A Tata, M N Eberlin, M A Alvarenga, F F Souza
The membrane of spermatozoa, which contributes to cellular cryoresistance, contains numerous lipids with a composition that directly affects membrane fluidity and the fertilization process. In light of variations in the degree of sensitivity in equine seminal freezing, this study aimed to correlate equine semen lipids with post-thawing characteristics of spermatozoa. We used ejaculates from 34 stallions, which were evaluated (total motility ≥ 60%), frozen and thawed and reevaluated for motility of spermatozoa, membrane integrity and lipid peroxidation...
November 26, 2017: Theriogenology
Milena Pinto, Nadee Nissanka, Carlos T Moraes
PARK2 is the most common gene mutated in monogenic recessive familial cases of Parkinson's disease (PD). Pathogenic mutations cause a loss of function of the encoded protein Parkin. ParkinKO mice, however, poorly represent human PD symptoms as they only exhibit mild motor phenotypes, minor dopamine metabolism abnormalities, and no signs of dopaminergic neurodegeneration. Parkin has been shown to participate in mitochondrial turnover, by targeting damaged mitochondria, with low membrane potential, to mitophagy...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Peilin Liu, Juan Liu, Xin Li, Qiankun Gao, Tao Zhao, Xinhui Duan
A non-iterative design and precise fabrication method of diffractive optical elements (DOEs) on multiple freeform surfaces is proposed and investigated in this paper. Complex amplitude modulation (CAM) technology is applied to design complicated DOEs. The wave-front for desired DOEs fabrication is interfered with a plane wave and then be encoded to a pure phase hologram. Simulations for different DOEs (binary and gray scales) on freeform surfaces are performed and the relative errors are 0.56% and 0.78%, respectively...
November 27, 2017: Optics Express
Jinde Yin, Jiarong Li, Hao Chen, Jintao Wang, Peiguang Yan, Mengli Liu, Wenjun Liu, Wei Lu, Zihan Xu, Wenfei Zhang, Jinzhang Wang, Zhipei Sun, Shuangchen Ruan
Large-area and highly crystalline transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) films possess superior saturable absorption compared to the TMDs nanosheet counterparts, which make them more suitable as excellent saturable absorbers (SA) for ultrafast laser technology. Thus far, the nonlinear optical properties of large-scale WSe2 and its applications in ultrafast photonics have not yet been fully investigated. In this work, the saturable absorption of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) grown WSe2 films with large-scale and high quality are studied and the use of WSe2 films as a broadband SA for passively mode-locked fiber lasers at both 1...
November 27, 2017: Optics Express
Sun-Kap Kwon, Eun-Hyung Lee, Kwan-Soo Kim, Hyun-Chul Choi, Mi Jin Park, Seong Keun Kim, Ramchandra Pode, Jang Hyuk Kwon
Micro-cavity top-emitting organic light emitting diodes (TEOLEDs) are now receiving prominence as a technology for the active matrix display applications. The semi-transparent metal cathode plays the crucial role in realizing TEOLEDs structure. Here, we report the optimization results on Mg:Ag ratio as the semitransparent cathode deposited by vacuum thermal evaporation. The optimized Mg:Ag cathode with 1:10 ratio (wt %) shows a sheet resistance value as low as 5.2 Ω/□, an average transmittance of 49.7%, reflectance of 41...
November 27, 2017: Optics Express
Jian Zhou, Yonggang Wu, Zihuan Xia, Xuefei Qin, Zongyi Zhang
Single nanowire solar cells show great promise for next-generation photovoltaics and for powering nanoscale devices. Here, we present a detailed study of light absorption in a single standing semiconductor-dielectric core-shell nanowire (CSNW). We find that the CSNW structure can not only concentrate the incident light into the structure, but also confine most of the concentrated light to the semiconductor core region, which boosts remarkably the light absorption cross-section of the semiconductor core. The CSNW can support multiple higher-order HE modes, as well as Fabry-Pérot (F-P) resonance, compared to the bare nanowire (BNW)...
November 27, 2017: Optics Express
Jana Ryckaert, António Correia, Mickael D Tessier, Dorian Dupont, Zeger Hens, Peter Hanselaer, Youri Meuret
Quantum dots can be used in white LEDs for lighting applications to fill the spectral gaps in the combined emission spectrum of the blue pumping LED and a broad band phosphor, in order to improve the source color rendering properties. Because quantum dots are low scattering materials, their use can also reduce the amount of backscattered light which can increase the overall efficiency of the white LED. The absorption spectrum and narrow emission spectrum of quantum dots can be easily tuned by altering their synthesis parameters...
November 27, 2017: Optics Express
Mrinal M Gounder, David M Thomas, William D Tap
In this review, we highlight the complexities of the natural history, biology, and clinical management of three intermediate connective tissue tumors: desmoid tumor (DT) or aggressive fibromatosis, tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) or diffuse-type pigmented villonodular synovitis (dtPVNS), and giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB). Intermediate histologies include tumors of both soft tissue and bone origin and are locally aggressive and rarely metastatic. Some common aspects to these tumors are that they can be locally infiltrative and/or impinge on critical organs, which leads to disfigurement, pain, loss of function and mobility, neurovascular compromise, and occasionally life-threatening consequences, such as mesenteric, bowel, ureteral, and/or bladder obstruction...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Dongwon Shin, Soon-Gil Jung, G Prathiba, Soonbeom Seo, Ki-Young Choi, Kee Hoon Kim, Tuson Park
We investigate the pressure and thermal annealing effects on BaFe2-x Co x As2 (Co-Ba122) single crystals with x  =  0.1 and 0.17 via electrical transport measurements. The thermal annealing treatment not only enhances the superconducting transition temperature (T c) from 9.6 to 12.7 K for x  =  0.1 and from 18.1 to 21.0 K for x  =  0.17, but also increases the antiferromagnetic transition temperature (T N). Simultaneous enhancement of T c and T N by the thermal annealing treatment indicates that thermal annealing could substantially improve the quality of the Co-doped Ba122 samples...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Valerie Carson, Eun-Young Lee, Lyndel Hewitt, Cally Jennings, Stephen Hunter, Nicholas Kuzik, Jodie A Stearns, Stephanie Powley Unrau, Veronica J Poitras, Casey Gray, Kristi B Adamo, Ian Janssen, Anthony D Okely, John C Spence, Brian W Timmons, Margaret Sampson, Mark S Tremblay
BACKGROUND: Given the rapid development during the early years (0-4 years), an understanding of the health implications of physical activity is needed. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the relationships between objectively and subjectively measured physical activity and health indicators in the early years. METHODS: Electronic databases were originally searched in April, 2016. Included studies needed to be peer-reviewed, written in English or French, and meet a priori study criteria...
November 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
Angelo Lanzilotto, Myrto Kyropoulou, Edwin C Constable, Catherine E Housecroft, Wolfgang P Meier, Cornelia G Palivan
A new water-soluble photocatalyst for singlet oxygen generation is presented. Its absorption extends to the red part of the spectrum, showing activity up to irradiation at 660 nm. Its efficiency has been compared to that of a commercial analogue (Rose Bengal) for the oxidation of L-methionine. The quantitative and selective oxidation was promising enough to encapsulate the photocatalyst in polymersomes. The singlet oxygen generated in this way can diffuse and remain active for the oxidation of L-methionine outside the polymeric compartment...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
Alexandra Florina Trandafir, Dorin Eugen Popa, Danut Vasile
INTRODUCTION: There is a continuous concern about meshes used in laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair, which mainly relates to their biocompatibility and ability to decrease postoperative complications and recurrence rate; in other words, efforts are made to find the "ideal" prosthesis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate different prostheses used in laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair in terms of biocompatibility, postoperative complications, recurrence rate and quality of life, so that all the features could lead us to the "ideal" mesh...
September 2017: Mædica
Michael J Akers
This article focuses on the requirements for particulate matter in sterile products. Topics include particles and quality, particulate matter standards (large- and small-volume injectables), development of the small-volume injectable test, electronic (light obscuration) and microscope testing, and special requirements for particulate matter in biopharmaceutical preparations.
September 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
Keisuke Kondo, Tomoki Tatebe, Shoji Hachuda, Hiroshi Abe, Fumio Koyama, Toshihiko Baba
Compact non-mechanical beam steering devices are desired not only for current common applications, but also for advanced applications such as light detection and ranging. We use a Si photonic crystal slow-light waveguide with a diffraction grating, which radiates the guided mode to free space and steers a fan beam by sweeping the wavelength. Due to its large angular dispersion, slow light enhances the steering range without degrading the beam quality, resulting in more resolution points. We fabricated 600 μm devices and observed a 23° steering range and a beam divergence of 0...
December 1, 2017: Optics Letters
Alexandre S Shcherbakov, Adan Omar Arellanes
During subsequent development of the recently proposed multi-frequency parallel spectrometer for precise spectrum analysis of wideband radio-wave signals, we study potentials of new acousto-optical cells exploiting selected crystalline materials at the limits of their capabilities. Characterizing these wide-aperture cells is non-trivial due to new features inherent in the chosen regime of an advanced non-collinear one-phonon anomalous light scattering by elastic waves with significantly elevated acoustic losses...
December 1, 2017: Applied Optics
Stephan Herpertz, Henrik Kessler, Sebastian Jongen
SUBJECT: In view of the epidemic increase in severe obesity and the ineffectiveness of conservative weight-loss interventions, bariatric surgery delivers compelling results for patients with class II (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m²) and class III obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m²), not only in reducing weight over the long term, but also in reducing obesity-related somatic comorbidity and improving psychosocial functioning and quality of life. Investigations into the psychosocial aspects of obesity surgery have proliferated over the last 15 years, providing a huge amount of essential research data...
December 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
Jan Nauš, Dušan Lazár, Barbora Baránková, Barbora Arnoštová
This study presents a mathematical model, which expresses the absorbance of a photosynthetic sample as a non-linear polynomial of selected reference absorbance. The non-linearity is explained by inhomogeneities of a product of pigment concentration and light path length in the sample. The quadratic term of the polynomial reflects the extent of inhomogeneities, and the cubic term is related to deviation of the product distribution from a symmetric one. The model was tested by measurements of suspension of unstacked tobacco thylakoid membranes of different chlorophyll concentrations in cuvettes of different thicknesses...
December 6, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
James N Bull, Michael S Scholz, Eduardo Carrascosa, Evan J Bieske
Substituted azobenzenes serve as chromophores and actuators in a wide range of molecular photoswitches. Here, tandem ion mobility spectrometry coupled with laser excitation is used to investigate the photoisomerisation of selected E and Z isomers of the charge-tagged azobenzene, methyl orange. Both isomers display a weak S1(nπ*) photoisomerisation response in the blue part of the spectrum peaking at 440 nm and a more intense S2(ππ*) photoisomerisation response in the near-UV with maxima at 370 and 310 nm for the E and Z isomers, respectively...
December 7, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Maria I Davila, Gregory F Lewis, Stephen W Porges
Heart rate variability (HRV) is a reliable indicator of health status and a sensitive index of autonomic stress reactivity. Stress negatively affects physical and psychological wellness by decreasing cardiovascular health and reducing quality of life. Wearable sensors have made it possible to track HRV during daily activity, and recent advances in mobile technology have reduced the cost and difficulty of applying this powerful technique. Although advances have made sensors smaller and lighter, some burden on the subject remains...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
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