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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647516/health-risk-assessment-of-heavy-metals-via-dietary-intake-of-five-pistachio-pistacia-vera-l-cultivars-collected-from-different-geographical-sites-of-iran
#1
Seyedeh Faezeh Taghizadeh, Gholamhossein Davarynejad, Javad Asili, Seyed Hossein Nemati, Ramin Rezaee, Marina Goumenou, Aristides M Tsatsakis, Gholamreza Karimi
Pistachio is an important horticultural product and Iran is considered as a main pistachio producing country. Assessment of heavy metals in this export fruit is crucial for protecting public health against toxic heavy metals. The concentration of selected heavy metals in soil, water and five pistachio cultivars from four geographical regions of Iran were measured. Although none of the elements were detected in water irrigation, infield metal content in the soil had good correlation with that of pistachio. The highest amounts of Al, As, Co, Ni and Se were reported in samples collected from Sarakhs, Iran...
June 21, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642765/genome-wide-identification-of-ap2-erf-transcription-factors-in-cauliflower-and-expression-profiling-of-the-erf-family-under-salt-and-drought-stresses
#2
Hui Li, Yu Wang, Mei Wu, Lihong Li, Cong Li, Zhanpin Han, Jiye Yuan, Chengbin Chen, Wenqin Song, Chunguo Wang
The AP2/ERF transcription factors (TFs) comprise one of the largest gene superfamilies in plants. These TFs perform vital roles in plant growth, development, and responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. In this study, 171 AP2/ERF TFs were identified in cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis), one of the most important horticultural crops in Brassica. Among these TFs, 15, 9, and 1 TFs were classified into the AP2, RAV, and Soloist family, respectively. The other 146 TFs belong to ERF family, which were further divided into the ERF and DREB subfamilies...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641228/relationships-between-past-and-present-pesticide-applications-and-pollution-at-a-watershed-outlet-the-case-of-a-horticultural-catchment-in-martinique-french-west-indies
#3
Charles Mottes, Magalie Lesueur Jannoyer, Marianne Le Bail, Mathilde Guéné, Céline Carles, Eric Malézieux
The understanding of factors affecting pesticide transfers to catchment outlet is still at a very early stage in tropical context, and especially on tropical volcanic context. We performed on-farm pesticide use surveys during 87 weeks and monitored pesticides in water weekly during 67 weeks at the outlet of a small catchment in Martinique. We identified three types of pollution. First, we showed long-term chronic pollution by chlordecone, diuron and metolachlor resulting from horticultural practices applied 5-20 years ago (quantification frequency higher than 80%)...
June 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638874/the-use-of-plants-to-protect-plants-and-food-against-fungal-pathogens-a-review
#4
D S S Shuping, J N Eloff
BACKGROUND: Plant fungal pathogens play a crucial role in the profitability, quality and quantity of plant production. These phytopathogens are persistent in avoiding plant defences causing diseases and quality losses around the world that amount to billions of US dollars annually. To control the scourge of plant fungal diseases, farmers have used fungicides to manage the damage of plant pathogenic fungi. Drawbacks such as development of resistance and environmental toxicity associated with these chemicals have motivated researchers and cultivators to investigate other possibilities...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638388/using-in-situ-symbiotic-seed-germination-to-restore-over-collected-medicinal-orchids-in-southwest-china
#5
Shi-Cheng Shao, Kevin S Burgess, Jennifer M Cruse-Sanders, Qiang Liu, Xu-Li Fan, Hui Huang, Jiang-Yun Gao
Due to increasing demand for medicinal and horticultural uses, the Orchidaceae is in urgent need of innovative and novel propagation techniques that address both market demand and conservation. Traditionally, restoration techniques have been centered on ex situ asymbiotic or symbiotic seed germination techniques that are not cost-effective, have limited genetic potential and often result in low survival rates in the field. Here, we propose a novel in situ advanced restoration-friendly program for the endangered epiphytic orchid species Dendrobium devonianum, in which a series of in situ symbiotic seed germination trials base on conspecific fungal isolates were conducted at two sites in Yunnan Province, China...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638192/treatment-effect-of-antipsychotics-in-combination-with-horticultural-therapy-on-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#6
Shunhong Zhu, Hengjing Wan, Zhide Lu, Huiping Wu, Qun Zhang, Xiaoqiong Qian, Chenyu Ye
BACKGROUND: As a newly developed treatment method for schizophrenia, horticultural therapy is gaining more attention. However, there is as of now little research investigating this topic as well as a general lack of studies adopting into standard treatment plans. AIMS: Investigate treatment effect of horticultural therapy on patients with schizophrenia and its possibility of standardized application in psychiatric hospitals. METHODS: 110 patients with schizophrenia who met the inclusion criteria and provided informed consent were selected from the rehabilitation ward of the Minhang District Mental Health Center from September 2015 to December 2015...
August 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638079/transcriptome-changes-between-compatible-and-incompatible-graft-combination-of-litchi-chinensis-by-digital-gene-expression-profile
#7
Zhe Chen, Jietang Zhao, Fuchu Hu, Yonghua Qin, Xianghe Wang, Guibing Hu
Plant grafting has been practiced widely in horticulture and proved as a useful tool in science. However, the mechanisms of graft healing or graft incompatibility remain poorly understood. In this study, Litchi chinensis cv. 'Jingganghongnuo' homograft ('J/J') and 'Jingganghongnuo'/'zhuangyuanhong' heterograft ('J/Z') as compatible and incompatible combination, respectively, was used to study transcriptional changes between incompatible and compatible graft during graft union formation. Anatomical observation indicated that three stages (2 h, 14 d and 21 d after grafting) were critical for graft union formation and selected for high-throughput sequencing...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637269/announcing-the-genome-atlas-of-bamboo-and-rattan-gabr-project-promoting-research-in-evolution-and-in-economically-and-ecologically-beneficial-plants
#8
Hansheng Zhao, Shancen Zhao, Benhua Fei, Huan Liu, Huanming Yang, Honghai Dai, Dan Wang, Wei Jin, Feng Tang, Qiang Gao, Hang Xun, Yuwei Wang, Lianghua Qi, Xianghua Yue, Shuyan Lin, Lianfeng Gu, Lubin Li, Tiansheng Zhu, Qiang Wei, Zhen Su, Tarmeze Bin Wan Ariffin Wan, Daniel A Ofori, George Mbeva Muthike, Yigardu Mulatu Mengesha, Roberto Magno de Castro E Silva, Antonio Ludovico Beraldo, Zhimin Gao, Xin Liu, Zehui Jiang
Bamboo and rattan are widely grown for manufacturing, horticulture, and agroforestry. Bamboo and rattan production might help reduce poverty, boost economic growth, mitigate climate change, and protect the natural environment. Despite progress in research, sufficient molecular and genomic resources to study these species are lacking. We launched the Genome Atlas of Bamboo and Rattan (GABR) project, a comprehensive, coordinated international effort to accelerate understanding of BR genetics through genome analysis...
June 16, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630625/quantification-of-antioxidant-phenolic-compounds-in-a-new-chrysanthemum-cultivar-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-diode-array-detection-and-electrospray-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#9
Ah-Reum Han, Hyo Young Kim, Yangkang So, Bomi Nam, Ik-Soo Lee, Joo-Won Nam, Yeong Deuk Jo, Sang Hoon Kim, Jin-Baek Kim, Si-Yong Kang, Chang Hyun Jin
The flowers of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. have been used as an herbal tea and in traditional medicine, and the plant has been developed to produce horticultural cultivars of various colors and shapes. In this study, a new chrysanthemum cultivar with dark purple petals (C. morifolium cv. ARTI-Dark Chocolate; ADC) was developed by radiation-induced mutation breeding of its original cultivar with purple striped white petals (C. morifolium cv. Noble Wine, NW). The phenolic profile and antioxidant property of ADC were investigated and compared with NW and the commercially available medicinal herb, C...
2017: International Journal of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629176/fortifying-horticultural-crops-with-essential-amino-acids-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Guoping Wang, Mengyun Xu, Wenyi Wang, Gad Galili
To feed the world's growing population, increasing the yield of crops is not the only important factor, improving crop quality is also important, and it presents a significant challenge. Among the important crops, horticultural crops (particularly fruits and vegetables) provide numerous health compounds, such as vitamins, antioxidants, and amino acids. Essential amino acids are those that cannot be produced by the organism and, therefore, must be obtained from diet, particularly from meat, eggs, and milk, as well as a variety of plants...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622652/deterioration-pattern-of-six-biodegradable-potentially-low-environmental-impact-mulches-in-field-conditions
#11
Marta M Moreno, Sara González-Mora, Jaime Villena, Juan A Campos, Carmen Moreno
Polyethylene plastic mulches are widely used in agriculture due to the countless advantages they have. However, the environmental problems associated with their use have led us to look for alternative mulch materials which degrade naturally and quickly, impact the environment less and function satisfactorily. To this end, biodegradable plastics and paper mulches are being used, but aspects related to their degradation should be studied more in-depth. This work provides the deterioration pattern of six biodegradable mulch materials (i...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620457/early-fruiting-in-synsepalum-dulcificum-schumach-thonn-daniell-juveniles-induced-by-water-and-inorganic-nutrient-management
#12
Dèdéou Apocalypse Tchokponhoué, Sognigbé N'Danikou, Iago Hale, Allen Van Deynze, Enoch Gbènato Achigan-Dako
Background. The miracle plant, Synsepalum dulcificum (Schumach. & Thonn.) Daniell is a native African orphan crop species that has recently received increased attention due to its promise as a sweetener and source of antioxidants in both the food and pharmaceutical industries. However, a major obstacle to the species' widespread utilization is its relatively slow growth rate and prolonged juvenile period. Method. In this study, we tested twelve treatments made up of various watering regimes and exogenous nutrient application (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, at varying dosages) on the relative survival, growth, and reproductive development of 15-months-old S...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612342/effect-of-glycine-nitrogen-on-lettuce-growth-under-soilless-culture-a-metabolomics-approach-to-identify-the-main-changes-occurred-in-plant-primary-and-secondary-metabolism
#13
Xiao Yang, Lei Feng, Li Zhao, Xiaosong Liu, Danial Hassani, Danfeng Huang
BACKGROUND: Lettuce is a significant source of antioxidants and bioactive compounds. Nitrate is a cardinal fertilizer in horticulture and influences vegetable yield and quality; however, the negative effects of nitrate on the biosynthesis of flavonoids require further study. It is expected that using fertilizers containing organic N could promote the synthesis of health-promoting compounds. RESULTS: Lettuces were hydroponically cultured in media containing 9 mM nitrate or 9 mM glycine for 4 weeks...
June 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609989/freshwater-fishes-of-northern-australia
#14
Bradley J Pusey, Damien W Burrows, Mark J Kennard, Colton N Perna, Peter J Unmack, Quentin Allsop, Michael P Hammer
Northern Australia is biologically diverse and of national and global conservation signicance. Its ancient landscape contains the world's largest area of savannah ecosystem in good ecological condition and its rivers are largely free-flowing. Agriculture, previously confined largely to open range-land grazing, is set to expand in extent and to focus much more on irrigated cropping and horticulture. Demands on the water resources of the region are thus, inevitably increasing. Reliable information is required to guide and inform development and help plan for a sustainable future for the region which includes healthy rivers that contain diverse fish assemblages...
April 11, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597435/micro-morphological-study-of-evolvulus-spp-convolvulaceae-the-old-world-medicinal-plants
#15
Kanapol Ketjarun, George W Staples, Sasivimon C Swangpol, Paweena Traiperm
BACKGROUND: Several medicinal properties have been reported for plants in the genus Evolvulus, such as a brain tonic and antifungal from Evolvulus alsinoides, and a sedative and an anthelmintic from Evolvulus nummularius. Therefore, the correct identification of the source plants is critically important. The aim of this research was to investigate the micromorphology of two Evolvulus taxa used for herbal medicines compared with one worldwide ornamental species by using peeling, paraffin embedding, acetolysis, and SEM methods in order to support species identification...
December 2016: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597432/harpin-hpa1-promotes-flower-development-in-impatiens-and-parochetus-plants
#16
Yilan Dong, Ping Li, Chunling Zhang
BACKGROUND: The harpin protein Hpa1 has multiple beneficial effects in plants, promoting plant growth and development, increasing crop yield, and inducing plant resistance to pathogens and insect pests. In these effects, the 10-40 residue fragment (Hpa110-42) isolated from the Hpa1 sequence is 1.3 to 7.5-fold more effective than the full length. RESULTS: This study extends the beneficial effects of Hpa1 and Hpa110-42 to flower development in three species of the garden balsam Impatiens and the garden scoparius Parochetus communis plant...
December 2016: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597414/effects-of-light-emitting-diode-supplementary-lighting-on-the-winter-growth-of-greenhouse-plants-in-the-yangtze-river-delta-of-china
#17
Xue Li, Wei Lu, Guyue Hu, Xiao Chan Wang, Yu Zhang, Guo Xiang Sun, Zhichao Fang
BACKGROUND: The winter in the Yangtze River Delta area of China involves more than 1 month of continuous low temperature and poor light (CLTL) weather conditions, which impacts horticultural production in an unheated greenhouse; however, few greenhouses in this area are currently equipped with a heating device. The low-cost and long-living light-emitting diode (LED) was used as an artificial light source to explore the effects of supplementary lighting during the dark period in CLTL winter on the vegetative characteristics, early yield, and physiology of flowering for pepper plants grown in a greenhouse without heating...
December 2016: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587216/selenium-enrichment-of-horticultural-crops
#18
REVIEW
Martina Puccinelli, Fernando Malorgio, Beatrice Pezzarossa
The ability of some crops to accumulate selenium (Se) is crucial for human nutrition and health. Selenium has been identified as a cofactor of the enzyme glutathione peroxidase, which is a catalyzer in the reduction of peroxides that can damage cells and tissues, and can act as an antioxidant. Plants are the first link in the food chain, which ends with humans. Increasing the Se quantity in plant products, including leafy and fruity vegetables, and fruit crops, without exceeding the toxic threshold, is thus a good way to increase animal and human Se intake, with positive effects on long-term health...
June 4, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575474/don-t-ignore-the-green-light-exploring-diverse-roles-in-plant-processes
#19
Hayley L Smith, Lorna McAusland, Erik H Murchie
The pleasant green appearance of plants, caused by their reflectance of wavelengths in the 500-600 nm range, might give the impression that green light is of minor importance in biology. This view persists to an extent. However, there is strong evidence that these wavelengths are not only absorbed but that they also drive and regulate physiological responses and anatomical traits in plants. This review details the existing evidence of essential roles for green wavelengths in plant biology. Absorption of green light is used to stimulate photosynthesis deep within the leaf and canopy profile, contributing to carbon gain and likely crop yield...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570688/genetic-diversity-and-accession-structure-in-european-cynara-cardunculus-collections
#20
Mario A Pagnotta, Juan A Fernández, Gabriella Sonnante, Catalina Egea-Gilabert
Understanding the distribution of genetic variations and accession structures is an important factor for managing genetic resources, but also for using proper germplasm in association map analyses and breeding programs. The globe artichoke is the fourth most important horticultural crop in Europe. Here, we report the results of a molecular analysis of a collection including globe artichoke and leafy cardoon germplasm present in the Italian, French and Spanish gene banks. The aims of this study were to: (i) assess the diversity present in European collections, (ii) determine the population structure, (iii) measure the genetic distance between accessions; (iv) cluster the accessions; (v) properly distinguish accessions present in the different national collections carrying the same name; and (vi) understand the diversity distribution in relation to the gene bank and the geographic origin of the germplasm...
2017: PloS One
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