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Surgical Cardiac Ablation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350378/eq-5d-studies-in-cardiovascular-diseases-in-eight-central-and-eastern-european-countries-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
Paulina Batóg, Fanni Rencz, Márta Péntek, László Gulácsi, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Valentina Prevolnik Rupel, Judit Simon, Valentin Brodszky, Petra Baji, Jakub Závada, Guenka Petrova, Alexandru Rotar, Dominik Golicki
BACKGROUND: The measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) by validated generic instruments, such as EQ-5D, becomes an increasingly important tool for the assessment of health care in a wide range of different diagnoses. AIM: To systematically review EQ-5D literature generated in cardiovascular diseases in eight selected Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) countries. METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library and the EuroQol website up to November 2016...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348993/delayed-presentation-of-cerebral-air-embolism-from-a-left-atrial-esophageal-fistula-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Catherine Peterson, Clay Elswick, Vicki Diaz, R Shane Tubbs, Marc Moisi
Air embolism developing from an atrial-esophageal fistula that was created as a complication from an atrial ablation procedure is a rare, yet usually fatal diagnosis. Neurologic manifestations such as meningitis, altered mental status, seizures, strokes, transient ischemic attacks (TIAs), psychiatric changes, and coma can ensue. Imaging of the brain might reveal infarcts, cerebral edema, as well as signs of pneumocephalus. This case describes a 42-year-old male with recent cardiac ablation procedure at an outside hospital for refractory atrial fibrillation (A-fib) who presented with altered mental status, dyspnea and diaphoresis...
November 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327638/hybrid-and-surgical-procedures-for-the-treatment-of-persistent-and-longstanding-persistent-atrial-fibrillation
#3
Jose M Sanchez, Ghannam Al-Dosari, Sherman Chu, Ramin Beygui, Tobias Deuse, Nitish Badhwar, Randall J Lee
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. The incidence of AF increases with age and is associated with increased stroke, heart failure and mortality. Persistent and long standing persistent AF is difficult to treat and often refractory to medical therapy and catheter ablation. Areas covered: This article reviews the historical development of the surgical Cox-MAZE procedure and current hybrid and minimally invasive surgical approaches for the treatment of persistent and long standing persistent AF...
January 12, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326834/ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#4
Marwan M Refaat, Jad Ballout, Moussa Mansour
With improved surgical techniques and medical management for patients with congenital heart diseases, more patients are living longer and well into adulthood. This improved survival comes with a price of increased morbidity, mainly secondary to increased risk of tachyarrhythmias. One of the major arrhythmias commonly encountered in this subset of cardiac patients is AF. Similar to the general population, the risk of AF increases with advancing age, and is mainly secondary to the abnormal anatomy, abnormal pressure and volume parameters in the hearts of these patients and to the increased scarring and inflammation seen in the left atrium following multiple surgical procedures...
December 2017: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288861/resolution-of-tachyarrhythmia-following-posterior-fossa-decompression-surgery-for-chiari-malformation-type-i-a-case-report
#5
Christopher Elia, James Brazdzionis, Vartan Tashjian
INTRODUCTION: Chiari malformation type I (CM) commonly present with symptoms such as tussive headaches, paresthesias and in severe cases, corticobulbar dysfunction.3 However, patients may present with atypical symptoms lending to the complexity in this patient population. We present a case of a CM patient presenting with atypical cardiac symptoms and arrhythmias, all of which resolved after surgical decompression. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 31-year-old female presented with atypical chest pain, palpitations, tachycardia, headaches, and dizziness for 2 years...
December 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258733/percutaneous-radiofrequency-ablation-of-obstructive-right-ventricular-giant-myxoma
#6
Min-Juan Zheng, Jian Yang, Guang-Bin He, Xiao-Dong Zhou, Li-Wen Liu
Surgical resection is the conventional therapeutic action for patients with an obstructive cardiac tumor. However, for patients in poor clinical condition, cardiac surgery can be risky. We report on the successful percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation treatment of a right ventricular giant myxoma in a 70-year-old female with right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) and pulmonary artery stenosis, who was unable to tolerate surgery. The treatment was effective in relieving RVOT stenosis and improving symptoms...
December 16, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250276/comparison-of-the-efficancy-and-complication-rates-of-the-hybrid-maze-complete-cox-maze-and-catheter-ablation-in-the-treatment-of-atrial-fibrillation
#7
Ivo K Genev, Lindsey A Tompkins, Manorama M Khare, Farhad Farokhi
Introduction: Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in the United States. It has been associated with a reduction in patient quality of life and more serious complications such as stroke and heart failure. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of commonly performed invasive procedures in keeping patients in normal sinus rhythm. Methods and Results: A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients who underwent primary radiofrequency catheter ablation, the complete Cox-maze, or the hybrid maze at OSF Saint Anthony Medical Center between January 2010 and December 2013 (n=140)...
February 2017: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186407/surgical-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Graham R McClure, Emilie P Belley-Cote, Iqbal H Jaffer, Nazari Dvirnik, Kevin R An, Gabriel Fortin, Jessica Spence, Jeff Healey, Rohit K Singal, Richard P Whitlock
Aims: The aim of this review was to assess the effect of concomitant surgical atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation on postoperative freedom from AF and patient-important outcomes. Methods and results: We searched Cochrane CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases from inception to May 2016 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating surgical AF ablation using any lesion set vs. no surgical AF ablation in adults with AF undergoing cardiac surgery. We performed screening, risk-of-bias evaluation, and data collection independently and in duplicate...
November 27, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161368/management-of-cardiac-tamponade-in-catheter-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-single-centre-15%C3%A2-year-experience-on-5222-procedures
#9
Rikuta Hamaya, Shinsuke Miyazaki, Hiroshi Taniguchi, Shigeki Kusa, Hiroaki Nakamura, Hitoshi Hachiya, Takatsugu Kajiyama, Tomonori Watanabe, Miyako Igarashi, Kenzo Hirao, Yoshito Iesaka
Aims: Cardiac tamponade during atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is infrequent but potentially fatal. This study aimed to retrospectively investigate the incidence, management, and outcomes of tamponade in large patient series. Methods and results: The study analysed 5222 AF ablation procedures in 3483 patients between 2002 and 2016 under a heparin-bridge anticoagulation protocol. Cardiac tamponade occurred in 51 procedures/patients, and the incidence was 0...
November 17, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142816/unilateral-pulmonary-edema-in-a-patient-with-worsening-tricuspid-valve-regurgitation-a-secret-inside-pulmonary-veins
#10
Elvira Resciniti, Ilaria Caso, Iside Scarfò, Giuseppe Di Pasquale, Giovanni La Canna
We present the case of a 69-year-old patient who was referred to the Department of Echocardiography for surgical treatment of severe tricuspid valve regurgitation (TVR) with advanced congestive heart failure. In 2013 the patient underwent unsuccessful percutaneous ablation for permanent atrial fibrillation. In 2015, following numerous episodes of atrial fibrillation and congestive heart failure with left pleural effusion, the patient was admitted to another center. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed severe TVR and moderate precapillary pulmonary hypertension, confirmed at right cardiac catheterization...
October 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138937/effects-of-propofol-sedation-on-pacing-thresholds-results-from-an-observational-cohort-study
#11
Jakob Lüker, Arian Sultan, Tobias Plenge, Samuel Lee, Jan-Hendrik van den Bruck, Daniel Steven
BACKGROUND: Propofol is one of the most commonly used intravenous anaesthetic drugs for surgical procedures. The use of propofol for sedation is also common practice during endoscopic procedures, electrophysiology studies, and ablation procedures, as well as pacemaker and defibrillator implantation. It was found that propofol alters the electrophysiologic properties of the heart and its conduction system. The effects of propofol on pacing thresholds are unknown and could have implications for pacemaker (PM) and defibrillator (ICD) implantation procedures, as well as sedation and anaesthesia in PM and ICD patients in general...
November 14, 2017: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132931/hybrid-surgical-versus-percutaneous-access-epicardial-ventricular-tachycardia-ablation
#12
Anthony Li, Justin Hayase, Duc Do, Eric Buch, Marmar Vaseghi, Olujimi A Ajijola, Carlos Macias, Yuliya Krokhaleva, Houman Khakpour, Noel G Boyle, Peyman Benharash, Reshma Biniwale, Kalyanam Shivkumar, Jason S Bradfield
BACKGROUND: There is limited experience of surgical epicardial access in the contemporary era of ventricular tachycardia ablation after prior cardiac surgery. OBJECTIVE: To describe our institutional experience with surgical epicardial access, the influence of surgical approach and compare outcomes to a propensity-matched percutaneous epicardial access control group. METHODS: A retrospective study of consecutive surgical epicardial VT ablation cases from a single center was performed...
November 10, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131765/comprehensive-cross-sectional-imaging-of-the-pulmonary-veins
#13
Cameron Hassani, Farhood Saremi
The pulmonary veins carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart, but their importance to the radiologist extends far beyond this seemingly straightforward function. The anatomy of the pulmonary veins is variable among patients, with several noteworthy variant and anomalous patterns, including supernumerary pulmonary veins, a common ostium, anomalous pulmonary venous return, and levoatriocardinal veins. Differences in pulmonary vein anatomy and the presence of variant or anomalous anatomy can be of critical importance, especially for preoperative planning of pulmonary and cardiac surgery...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109075/atrioesophageal-fistula-clinical-presentation-procedural-characteristics-diagnostic-investigations-and-treatment-outcomes
#14
REVIEW
Hui-Chen Han, Francis J Ha, Prashanthan Sanders, Ryan Spencer, Andrew W Teh, David O'Donnell, Omar Farouque, Han S Lim
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous or surgical ablation are increasingly used worldwide in the management of atrial fibrillation. The development of atrioesophageal fistula (AEF) is among the most serious and lethal complications of atrial fibrillation ablation. We sought to characterize the clinical presentation, procedural characteristics, diagnostic investigations, and treatment outcomes of all reported cases of AEF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Electronic searches were conducted in PubMed and Embase for English scientific literature articles...
November 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049711/hybrid-treatment-combining-robotic-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-and-percutaneous-catheter-radiofrequency-ablation
#15
Tatsuya Tarui, Norihiko Ishikawa, Ryuta Kiuchi, Go Watanabe
Isolated coronary artery bypass grafting associated with atrial fibrillation is routinely performed through a sternotomy, and cardiac arrest. Advancements in this surgical approach have led to better cosmesis, a quick postoperative recovery, with the same postoperative results. We report a case of a novel, less invasive hybrid treatment combining robot-assisted coronary artery bypass grafting and percutaneous radiofrequency catheter ablation.
August 31, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016802/intra-atrial-re-entrant-tachycardia-in-congenital-heart-disease-types-and-relation-of-isthmus-to-atrial-voltage
#16
Ivo Roca-Luque, Nuria Rivas Gándara, Laura Dos Subirà, Jaume Francisco Pascual, Antònia Pijuan Domenech, Jordi Pérez-Rodon, M Teresa Subirana, Alba Santos Ortega, Berta Miranda, Ferran Rosés-Noguer, Ignacio Ferreira-Gonzalez, Jaume Casaldàliga Ferrer, David García-Dorado García, Angel Moya Mitjans
Background: Intra-atrial re-entrant tachycardia (IART) is a frequent and severe complication in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI)-related IART is the most frequent mechanism. However, due to fibrosis and surgical scars, non-CTI-related IART is also frequent. Objective: The main objective of this study was to describe the types of IART and circuit locations and to define a cut-off value for unhealthy tissue in the atria. Methods and results: This observational study included all consecutive patients with CHD who underwent a first ablation procedure for IART from January 2009 to December 2015 (94 patients, 39...
August 9, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969539/transseptal-access-to-the-left-atrium-tips-and-tricks-to-keep-it-safe-derived-from-single-operator-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Antonis S Manolis
BACKGROUND: Transseptal puncture (TSP) remains a demanding procedural step in accessing the left atrium with inherent risks and safety concerns, mostly related to cardiac tamponade. OBJECTIVE: Based on our own experience with 249 TSP procedures and in-depth literature review, we present our results and offer several tips and tricks that may render TSP successful and safe. METHODS: This prospective study comprised 249 consecutive patients (146 men), aged 41...
September 27, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944183/transaortic-septal-myectomy-techniques-and-pitfalls
#18
REVIEW
Anthony Ralph-Edwards, Rachel D Vanderlaan, Pietro Bajona
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common congenital cardiac disease, affecting up to 1 in 200 individuals. When it causes left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction, treatment is indicated to reduce symptoms and the risk of sudden cardiac death. Pharmacologic therapy is the first line treatment, however if it fails, surgical myectomy or percutaneous ablation of the hypertrophic myocardium are the standard therapies to eliminate subaortic obstruction. Both surgical myectomy and percutaneous ablation have been demonstrated as safe and effective treatments; however, myectomy is the gold standard with a significantly lower complication rate and more complete and longstanding reduction of LVOT obstruction...
July 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941606/new-developments-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#19
REVIEW
Robert M Cooper, Claire E Raphael, Max Liebregts, Nandan S Anavekar, Josef Veselka
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the leading cause of sudden death in young individuals and an important cause of heart failure at any age. In this review we discuss advances in investigation and management of this heterogenous disease. Improved cardiac imaging has allowed us to detail many of the structural abnormalities whereas the use of new techniques, predominantly in cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, has given us a greater insight in to tissue architecture, mechanism of contractile abnormalities, and function...
October 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938531/premature-senescence-of-cardiac-fibroblasts-and-atrial-fibrosis-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#20
Jun Xie, Yuhan Chen, Chuanxian Hu, Quanhua Pan, Bingjian Wang, Xueling Li, Jin Geng, Biao Xu
Premature senescence is associated with atrial fibrosis and has an antifibrotic effect in mice. However, the role of senescence in atrial fibrillation (AF) remains unclear. Here, we investigated the association of premature senescence with fibrosis and also determined the role of senescence in the recurrence of AF after surgery ablation. Western blot, Sirius red staining, SA-β-gal staining and immunohistochemistry were performed to detect the degree of atrial fibrosis ,the expression of TGF-β and collagens, and also the senescence markers in 72 tissue specimens of left atrial appendage in this study...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
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