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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925705/occurrence-of-pesticide-residues-in-fruiting-vegetables-from-production-farms-in-south-eastern-region-of-poland
#1
Magdalena Słowik-Borowiec, Ewa Szpyrka, Julian Rupar, Magdalena Podbielska, Aneta Matyaszek
Background: Considering the fact that pesticides are commonly used in agriculture, continuous monitoring of these substances in food products is of great significance. Residues of these substances can be present in crops after harvest. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate presence of pesticide residues in fruiting vegetables from production farms in south-eastern region of Poland in 2012–2015. Material and methods: 138 samples were tested using accredited test methods...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925415/utilization-of-red-light-emitting-cdte-nanoparticles-for-the-trace-level-detection-of-harmful-herbicides-in-adulterated-food-and-agricultural-crops
#2
Nilanjan Dey, Deepa Bhagat, Durgadas Cherukaraveedu, Santanu Bhattacharya
Red-light-emitting water-soluble semiconducting quantum dots (QDs) were synthesized by using a wide variety of commercially available thiol-type capping agents. QDs with a negatively charged nanosurface showed excellent selectivity for paraquat (PQ) at pH 7.4 over other commonly encountered pesticides/herbicides, including diquat (DQ). The presence of a 4,4'-bis-pyridinium unit in PQ enabled it to initiate long-range aggregation, thereby leading to the formation of nanostructures with excellent emission-quenching behavior...
November 7, 2016: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925141/nutritional-interventions-that-slow-the-age-associated-decline-in-renal-function-in-a-canine-geriatric-model-for-elderly-humans
#3
J A Hall, M Yerramilli, E Obare, M Yerramilli, K S Panickar, G Bobe, D E Jewell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of feeding traditional and renal protective foods (RPF) supplemented with functional food bioactives on glomerular filtration rate (GFR), lean body percent (LB%), and selected circulating biomarker and metabolite concentrations in a geriatric dog model. DESIGN: Randomized block design and cross-sectional study. SETTING: Hill's Pet Nutrition, Inc. dog colony. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-one geriatric dogs (mean age, 10...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925136/multidimensional-evaluation-of-endogenous-and-health-factors-affecting-food-preferences-taste-and-smell-perception
#4
D Guido, S Perna, M Carrai, R Barale, M Grassi, M Rondanelli
OBJECTIVE: This study, by taking a holistic approach, investigates the relationships between taste, smell sensitivity and food preference with prognostic (endogenous and health) factors including age, gender, genetic taste markers, body mass, cigarette smoking, and number of drugs used. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: Northern Italy. PARTICIPANTS: 203 healthy subjects (160 women/43 men; mean age: 58.2±19.8 years) were examined...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925011/post-harvest-embryo-development-in-ginseng-seeds-increases-desiccation-sensitivity-and-narrows-the-hydration-window-for-cryopreservation
#5
E Han, E Popova, G Cho, S Park, S Lee, H W Pritchard, H H Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite its self-pollinating characteristics, Korean ginseng germplasm is mainly maintained in clonal gene banks as there is no defined approach to the long-term conservation of its seed, including the most appropriate stage of embryo development for storage. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to reveal the effect of embryo development on desiccation tolerance and cryopreservation success in ginseng seeds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seeds of Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng C...
July 2016: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924923/genome-wide-analysis-of-phosphoenolpyruvate-carboxylase-gene-family-and-their-response-to-abiotic-stresses-in-soybean
#6
Ning Wang, Xiujuan Zhong, Yahui Cong, Tingting Wang, Songnan Yang, Yan Li, Junyi Gai
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) plays an important role in assimilating atmospheric CO2 during C4 and crassulacean acid metabolism photosynthesis, and also participates in various non-photosynthetic processes, including fruit ripening, stomatal opening, supporting carbon-nitrogen interactions, seed formation and germination, and regulation of plant tolerance to stresses. However, a comprehensive analysis of PEPC family in Glycine max has not been reported. Here, a total of ten PEPC genes were identified in soybean and denominated as GmPEPC1-GmPEPC10...
December 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924727/metabolomics-of-healthy-berry-fruits
#7
Gilda D Urso, Sonia Piacente, Cosimo Pizza, Paola Montoro
The consumption of berry-type fruits has become very popular in recent years because of their positive effects on human health. Berries are in fact widely known for their health-promoting benefits, including prevention of chronic disease, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Berries are a rich source of bioactive metabolites, such as vitamins, minerals, and phenolic compounds, mainly anthocyanins. Numerous in vitro and in vivo studies recognized the health effects of berries and their function as bioactive modulators of various cell functions associated with oxidative stress...
December 5, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924618/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-health-outcomes-among-american-indians-in-oklahoma-the-thrive-study
#8
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Marianna Wetherill, Jordan Hearod, Tvli Jacob, Alicia L Salvatore, Tamela Cannady, Mandy Grammar, Joy Standridge, Jill Fox, Jennifer Spiegel, AnDina Wiley, Carolyn Noonan, Dedra Buchwald
INTRODUCTION: Limited available data document higher prevalences of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and health outcomes among American Indians (AIs) compared to other racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: As part of a randomized control trial to improve tribal food and physical activity environments, our tribal-academic partnership surveyed a cross-sectional sample of American Indian adults (n = 513) to assess the prevalence of type 2 diabetes, obesity, hypertension, tobacco use, physical activity, and vegetable and fruit intake...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923972/lifestyle-behaviors-subjective-health-and-quality-of-life-among-chinese-men-living-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Zhifei He, Zhanchun Feng
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between self-reported health (SRH) and quality of life (QoL) with five lifestyle-related behaviors including tobacco smoking, drinking alcohol, physical activity status, consumption of fruits, and consumption of vegetables among men diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Participants were 786 Chinese men older than 40 years and living in urban households. Cross-sectional data on self-rated health, associated sociodemographics, and health-related behaviors were collected from the Study on Global AGEing and Health (Wave 1) of World Health Organization...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923963/motivators-and-barriers-to-engaging-in-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-young-adult-men
#10
Lee M Ashton, Melinda J Hutchesson, Megan E Rollo, Philip J Morgan, Clare E Collins
Many Australian young men (18-25 years) fail to meet recommendations in national dietary or physical activity (PA) guidelines. However, there is a lack of understanding of their perspectives on PA and diet to inform intervention design. This study examined young men's motivators and barriers to healthy eating and PA, along with differences by demographic and behavioral factors. A cross-sectional online survey was completed by 282 men aged 18 to 25 years in Australia. Results identified the most common motivators for healthy eating included improving health (63...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923884/short-form-audit-instrument-for-assessing-corner-store-healthfulness
#11
Robin S DeWeese, Michael Todd, Allison Karpyn, Michael J Yedidia, Michelle Kennedy, Meg Bruening, Christopher M Wharton, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati
PURPOSE: To develop a valid and feasible short-form corner store audit tool (SCAT) that could be used in-store or over the phone to capture the healthfulness of corner stores. DESIGN: Nonexperimental. SETTING: Four New Jersey cities. SUBJECTS: Random selection of 229 and 96 corner stores in rounds 1 and 2, respectively. MEASURES: An adapted version of the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey for Corner Stores (NEMS-CS) was used to conduct in-store audits...
December 6, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923683/role-of-a-tachykinin-related-peptide-and-its-receptor-in-modulating-the-olfactory-sensitivity-in-the-oriental-fruit-fly-bactrocera-dorsalis-hendel
#12
Shun-Hua Gui, Hong-Bo Jiang, Li Xu, Yu-Xia Pei, Xiao-Qiang Liu, Guy Smagghe, Jin-Jun Wang
Insect tachykinin-related peptide (TRP), an ortholog of tachykinin in vertebrates, has been linked with regulation of diverse physiological processes, such as olfactory perception, locomotion, aggression, lipid metabolism and myotropic activity. In this study, we investigated the function of TRP (BdTRP) and its receptor (BdTRPR) in an important agricultural pest, the oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis. BdTRPR is a typical G-protein coupled-receptor (GPCR), and it could be activated by the putative BdTRP mature peptides with the effective concentrations (EC50) at the nanomolar range when expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells...
December 3, 2016: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923649/food-allergy-trends-and-epinephrine-autoinjector-presence-in-summer-camps
#13
Natalie R Schellpfeffer, Harvey L Leo, Michael Ambrose, Andrew N Hashikawa
BACKGROUND: Pediatric campers with food allergies are at greater risk for exposure and anaphylaxis. A diagnosis of asthma increases risk for anaphylaxis. Epidemiological investigations of food-allergic children at high risk for allergic reactions requiring intervention in camp settings are lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of food allergies among otherwise healthy campers in summer camps throughout the United States and Canada, and to assess asthma comorbidity and determine rates of epinephrine autoinjector prescriptions present in this population...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923566/flavonolignans-inhibit-adp-induced-blood-platelets-activation-and-aggregation-in-whole-blood
#14
Michal Bijak, Rafal Szelenberger, Joanna Saluk, Pawel Nowak
Flavonolignans are a group of active chemical compounds presented in a silymarin - a standardized extract obtained from fruits and seeds of Milk thistle (Silybum marianum L. Gaernt.). Since the 70s of the last century, flavonolignans have been regarded to the official medicine as a substances having hepatoprotective properties. However many researches performed in recent years have demonstrated that flavonolignans posses many other healthy properties including modulation of variety cell-signaling pathways. The aim of our study was to examine the effects of three major flavonolignans (silybin, silychristin and silydianin) on ADP-induced blood platelet activation using the flow cytometry analysis as well as determine the mechanism of this interaction by bioinformatic ligand docking method...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923532/physiological-adaptations-to-sugar-intake-new-paradigms-from-drosophila-melanogaster
#15
REVIEW
Wen-Bin Alfred Chng, Ville Hietakangas, Bruno Lemaitre
Sugars are important energy sources, but high sugar intake poses a metabolic challenge and leads to diseases. Drosophila melanogaster is a generalist fruit breeder that encounters high levels of dietary sugars in its natural habitat. Consequently, Drosophila displays adaptive responses to dietary sugars, including highly conserved and unique metabolic adaptations not described in mammals. Carbohydrate homeostasis is maintained by a network comprising intracellular energy sensors, transcriptional regulators, and hormonal and neuronal mechanisms that together coordinate animal behavior, gut function, and metabolic flux...
December 3, 2016: Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism: TEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923356/metric-properties-of-the-prescribe-healthy-life-screening-questionnaire-to-detect-healthy-behaviors-a-cross-sectional-pilot-study
#16
Paola Bully, Alvaro Sanchez, Gonzalo Grandes, Haizea Pombo, Ma Soledad Arietalenizbeaskoa, Veronica Arce, Catalina Martinez
BACKGROUND: Feasible and valid assessment of healthy behaviors is the first step for integrating health promotion in routine primary care. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop and evaluate the validity and reliability of the "prescribe healthy life" screening questionnaire, a brief tool for detecting physical activity levels, consumption of fruit and vegetables, tobacco use and patients' compliance with minimal recommendations. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study to determine the reliability and validity of this questionnaire by means of mixed (qualitative and quantitative) methods...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921450/oral-pharmacokinetic-interaction-of-ester-rich-fruit-juices-and-pharmaceutical-excipients-with-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-in-male-wistar-rats
#17
Joseph Shailender, Punna Rao Ravi, Paramita Saha, Srividya Myneni
The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of intestinal esterases on the absorption process of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF). The esterase inhibition capacity of fruit juices (FJs) rich in ester linkages and pharmaceutical excipients (having ester) was performed in vitro by incubating TDF with each FJ and excipient in the intestinal washings. The ex vivo everted gut sac model was also used to evaluate the absorption enhancement capacity of these FJs and excipients. Single dose oral pharmacokinetic studies were performed by concomitant administration of TDF with each of the selected FJs and excipients...
December 6, 2016: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921398/effects-of-rhizobacteria-paenibacillus-polymyxa-apec136-and-bacillus-subtilis-apec170-on-biocontrol-of-postharvest-pathogens-of-apple-fruits
#18
Young Soo Kim, Kotnala Balaraju, Yongho Jeon
In this study, plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) were evaluated as potential biocontrol agents against postharvest pathogens of apple fruits. In vitro bioassays revealed that, out of 30 isolates screened, isolates APEC136 and APEC170 had the most significant inhibitory effects against the mycelial growth of several fungal pathogens. Analysis of 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequences identified the two effective isolates as Paenibacillus polymyxa and Bacillus subtilis, respectively. The two strains showed greater growth in brain-heart infusion broth than in other growth media...
2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920947/the-daniel-k-inouye-college-of-pharmacy-scripts-poha-berry-physalis-peruviana-with-potential-anti-inflammatory-and-cancer-prevention-activities
#19
Leng Chee Chang, Mayuramas Sang-Ngern, John M Pezzuto, Carolyn Ma
The Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy, during a historic event in Spring 2016, graduated the first two students in the Pacific region to earn a PhD in pharmaceutical sciences at the University of Hawai'i at Hilo. The college offers PhD programs in these five disciplines: Cancer Biology, Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutics, Pharmacognosy, and Pharmacology. One of the Pharmacognosy dissertations focused on plant-derived natural products with potential anti-inflammatory and cancer chemopreventive activities...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920737/facets-of-the-fundamental-content-dimensions-agency-with-competence-and-assertiveness-communion-with-warmth-and-morality
#20
Andrea E Abele, Nicole Hauke, Kim Peters, Eva Louvet, Aleksandra Szymkow, Yanping Duan
Agency (A) and communion (C) are fundamental content dimensions. We propose a facet-model that differentiates A into assertiveness (AA) and competence (AC) and C into warmth (CW) and morality (CM). We tested the model in a cross-cultural study by comparing data from Asia, Australia, Europe, and the USA (overall N = 1.808). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported our model. Both the two-factor model and the four-factor model showed good fit indices across countries. Participants answered additional measures intended to demonstrate the fruitfulness of distinguishing the facets...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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