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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334704/-status-and-related-factors-for-gestational-weight-gain-of-chinese-pregnant-women-during-2010-2012
#1
Y Bi, Y F Duan, J Wang, S Jiang, X H Pang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang, J Q Lai
Objective: To examine the status and related factors for gestational weight gain of Chinese pregnant women at different trimesters in 2010-2012. Methods: Participants were from Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. Using a multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method, we recruited 2 805 singleton pregnant women with gestational age 13 weeks or more from 31 provinces of China. A standard questionnaire was used to collect general information and pre-pregnancy weight; body weight and height of pregnant women were measured using a unified weighing scale and stadiometer, dietary intake during the previous year was collected using a food frequency questionnaire...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334702/-prevalence-of-calf-muscle-cramps-and-influencing-factors-for-pregnant-women-in-china-during-2010-2012
#2
Y F Duan, J Wang, S Jiang, Y Bi, X H Pang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of calf muscle cramps and possible influencing factors for pregnant women in China. Methods: Using a multi-stage stratified probability proportional to size cluster randomization sampling method during 2010-2012. A total of 3 582 pregnant women were investigated at 150 counties from 31 provinces in China mainland. Information on calf muscle cramps, demographic socio-economic status, pregnancy information, and the physical activities was collected through questionnaires...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334662/aqueous-extracts-of-two-tropical-ethnobotanicals-tetrapleura-tetraptera-and-quassia-undulata-improved-spatial-and-non-spatial-working-memories-in-scopolamine-induced-amnesic-rats-influence-of-neuronal-cholinergic-and-antioxidant-systems
#3
Veronica O Odubanjo, Emmanuel O Ibukun, Ganiyu Oboh, Stephen A Adefegha
BACKGROUND: Tetrapleura tetraptera (TT) and Quassia undulata (QU) are two predominant tropical ethnobotanicals with various medicinal values but are commonly used in folklore for the treatment of mental illness without justifiable mechanisms of action. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects of aqueous extracts from TT fruits and QU leaves on the spatial and non-spatial working memory, antioxidant status and activities of neuronal marker enzymes of scopolamine-induced amnesic rats and thus, understand the possible mechanism of action of these plants...
January 11, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334372/pharmacological-blockade-of-asct2-dependent-glutamine-transport-leads-to-antitumor-efficacy-in-preclinical-models
#4
Michael L Schulte, Allie Fu, Ping Zhao, Jun Li, Ling Geng, Shannon T Smith, Jumpei Kondo, Robert J Coffey, Marc O Johnson, Jeffrey C Rathmell, Joe T Sharick, Melissa C Skala, Jarrod A Smith, Jordan Berlin, M Kay Washington, Michael L Nickels, H Charles Manning
The unique metabolic demands of cancer cells underscore potentially fruitful opportunities for drug discovery in the era of precision medicine. However, therapeutic targeting of cancer metabolism has led to surprisingly few new drugs to date. The neutral amino acid glutamine serves as a key intermediate in numerous metabolic processes leveraged by cancer cells, including biosynthesis, cell signaling, and oxidative protection. Herein we report the preclinical development of V-9302, a competitive small molecule antagonist of transmembrane glutamine flux that selectively and potently targets the amino acid transporter ASCT2...
January 15, 2018: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333696/the-plantain-proteome-a-focus-on-allele-specific-proteins-obtained-from-plantain-fruits
#5
Nádia A Campos, Rony Swennen, Sebastien C Carpentier
Proteomics has been applied with great potential to elucidate molecular mechanisms in plants. This is especially valid in the case of non-model crops of which their genome has not been sequenced yet, or is not well annotated. Plantains are a kind of cooking bananas that are economically very important in Africa, India and Latin America. The aim of this work was to characterize the fruit proteome of common dessert bananas and plantains and to identify proteins that are only encoded by the plantain genome. We present the first plantain fruit proteome...
January 15, 2018: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333644/school-lunch-consumption-among-3-food-service-providers-in-new-orleans
#6
Melanie Canterberry, Samantha Francois, Taslim van Hattum, Lindsey Rudov, Thomas W Carton
BACKGROUND: Louisiana has one of the highest rates of overweight and obese children in the United States. The Healthy School Food Collaborative (HSFC) was created to allow New Orleans's schools to select their own healthy school Food Service Provider (FSP) with requirements for higher nutritional standards than traditional options. The goal of this cross-sectional study was to examine whether HSFC membership was associated with lunch consumption rates in elementary school children. METHODS: An 8-week plate waste study examining 18,070 trays of food among fourth and fifth graders was conducted...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333381/changes-in-drosophila-melanogaster-sleep-wake-behavior-due-to-lotus-nelumbo-nucifera-seed-and-hwang-jeong-polygonatum-sibiricum-extracts
#7
Kyungae Jo, SangDuk Jeon, Chang-Won Ahn, Sung Hee Han, Hyung Joo Suh
We evaluated the sleep enhancement activity of the medicinal herbs valerian (Valeriana officinalis), jujube (Ziziphus jujube), lotus seed (Nelumbo nucifera), Gastrodia elata, Polygonatum sibiricum, and baekbokryung (Poria cocos), which can relieve insomnia in a Drosophila model. Locomotor activity was measured in the Drosophila model to evaluate the sleep activity of Korean medicinal herbs traditionally used as sleep aids. The group treated with lotus seed extract showed less nocturnal activity. Treatment with 10 or 20 mg/mL of P...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332999/an-integrated-electrolysis-electrospray-ionization-antimicrobial-platform-using-engineered-water-nanostructures-ewns-for-food-safety-applications
#8
Nachiket Vaze, Yi Jiang, Lucas Mena, Yipei Zhang, Dhimiter Bello, Stephen S Leonard, Anna M Morris, Mary Eleftheriadou, Georgios Pyrgiotakis, Philip Demokritou
Engineered water nanostructures (EWNS) synthesized utilizing electrospray and ionization of water, have been, recently, shown to be an effective, green, antimicrobial platform for surface and air disinfection, where reactive oxygen species (ROS), generated and encapsulated within the particles during synthesis, were found to be the main inactivation mechanism. Herein, the antimicrobial potency of the EWNS was further enhanced by integrating electrolysis, electrospray and ionization of de-ionized water in the EWNS synthesis process...
March 2018: Food Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331869/dietary-naringenin-supplementation-attenuates-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis-by-modulating-autoimmune-inflammatory-responses-in-mice
#9
Junpeng Wang, Ying Qi, Xinli Niu, Hua Tang, Simin Nikbin Meydani, Dayong Wu
Autoimmune disease is highly prevalent in humans. Since conventional therapies have limited efficacy and often come with significant side effects, nutrition may provide an alternative and complementary approach to improving autoimmune disorders. Naringenin, a flavonoid found in citrus fruits, has been shown to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Using the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a rodent model of human multiple sclerosis, we determined the effect of dietary naringenin (0...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331733/aronia-melanocarpa-fruit-juice-ameliorates-the-symptoms-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-tnbs-induced-colitis-in-rats
#10
Stefka Valcheva-Kuzmanova, Atanas Kuzmanov, Vasilena Kuzmanova, Maria Tzaneva
Trinitrobenzensulfonic acid (TNBS) is commonly used to induce an experimental inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) model. Oxidative stress and inflammation have been proposed as mechanisms underlying the pathophysiology of IBD. Aronia melanocarpa fruit juice (AMFJ) is extremely rich in polyphenolic substances, mainly proanthocyanidins, flavonoids and phenolic acids. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of AMFJ in a rat TNBSinduced colitis model and to compare the effect of the juice with that of sulfasalazine...
January 10, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331713/repeated-attempted-homicide-by-administration-of-drugs-documented-by-hair-analysis
#11
Valérie Baillif-Couniou, Christophe Bartoli, Caroline Sastre, Marjorie Chèze, Marc Deveaux, Georges Léonetti, Anne-Laure Pélissier-Alicot
Attempted murder by repeated poisoning is quite rare. The authors describe the case of a 62-year-old man who was admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) for neurological disturbances complicated by inhalation pneumopathy. He presented a loss of consciousness while his wife was visiting him at the ICU (H0). Forty-eight hours later (H48), police officers apprehended the patient's wife pouring a liquid into his fruit salad at the hospital. Toxicological analyses of a blood sample and the infusion equipment (H0), as well as the fruit salad and its container (H48), confirmed the attempted poisoning with cyamemazine (H0) and hydrochloric acid (H48)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331514/employment-of-proteomic-and-immunological-based-methods-for-the-identification-of-catalase-as-novel-allergen-from-banana
#12
Jasna Nikolić, Andrijana Nešić, Skadi Kull, Frauke Schocker, Uta Jappe, Marija Gavrović-Jankulović
Diagnostic reagents based on food allergen extracts often lack sufficient sensitivity. The introduction of well characterized food allergens in molecular allergy diagnosis has been recognized as valid approach to circumvent unstandardized allergen extracts. Banana fruit (Musa acuminata) is a well-established allergen source which besides six characterized allergens, contains unidentified IgE reactive proteins whose clinical relevance remains undefined. By employment of a combinatorial peptide ligand library (CPLL) methodology with 2-D PAGE, mass spectrometric and 2-D immunoblot analysis, a novel allergen from banana fruit was detected in banana as catalase...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331375/xanthomonas-tal-effectors-hijack-host-basal-transcription-factor-iia-%C3%AE-and-%C3%AE-subunits-for-invasion
#13
Ling Ma, Qiang Wang, Meng Yuan, Tingting Zou, Ping Yin, Shiping Wang
The Xanthomonas genus includes Gram-negative plant-pathogenic bacteria, which infect a broad range of crops and wild plant species, cause symptoms with leaf blights, streaks, spots, stripes, necrosis, wilt, cankers and gummosis on leaves, stems and fruits in a wide variety of plants via injecting their effector proteins into the host cell during infection. Among these virulent effectors, transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs) interact with the γ subunit of host transcription factor IIA (TFIIAγ) to activate the transcription of host disease susceptibility genes...
January 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331168/dietary-patterns-and-their-associations-with-home-food-availability-among-finnish-pre-school-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Henna Vepsäläinen, Liisa Korkalo, Vera Mikkilä, Reetta Lehto, Carola Ray, Kaija Nissinen, Essi Skaffari, Mikael Fogelholm, Leena Koivusilta, Eva Roos, Maijaliisa Erkkola
OBJECTIVE: To study the associations between home food availability and dietary patterns among pre-school children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in which parents of the participating children filled in an FFQ and reported how often they had certain foods in their homes. We derived dietary pattern scores using principal component analysis, and composite scores describing the availability of fruits and vegetables as well as sugar-enriched foods in the home were created for each participant...
January 14, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331158/dietary-sources-of-energy-and-nutrients-in-the-contemporary-diet-of-inuit-adults-results-from-the-2007-08-inuit-health-survey
#15
Tiff-Annie Kenny, Xue Feng Hu, Harriet V Kuhnlein, Sonia D Wesche, Hing Man Chan
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the major components of the contemporary Inuit diet and identify the primary sources of energy and essential nutrients. DESIGN: Dietary data were derived from the 24 h recall collected by the Inuit Health Survey (IHS) from 2007 to 2008. The population proportion method was used to determine the percentage contribution of each group. Unique food items/preparations (ninety-three country foods and 1591 market foods) were classified into eight country food groups and forty-one market food groups...
January 14, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331077/optimized-paired-sgrna-cas9-cloning-and-expression-cassette-triggers-high-efficiency-multiplex-genome-editing-in-kiwifruit
#16
Zupeng Wang, Shuaibin Wang, Dawei Li, Qiong Zhang, Li Li, Caihong Zhong, Yifei Liu, Hongwen Huang
Kiwifruit is an important fruit crop; however, technologies for its functional genomic and molecular improvement are limited. The clustered regulatory interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein (Cas) system has been successfully applied to genetic improvement in many crops, but its editing capability is variable depending on the different combinations of the synthetic guide RNA (sgRNA) and Cas9 protein expression devices. Optimizing conditions for its use within a particular species is therefore needed to achieve highly efficient genome editing...
January 13, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330953/jaw-dropping-functional-variation-in-the-digastric-muscle-in-bats
#17
Abigail A Curtis, Sharlene E Santana
Diet and feeding behavior in mammals is strongly linked to the morphology of their feeding apparatus. Cranio-muscular morphology determines how wide, forcefully, and quickly the jaw can be opened or closed, which limits the size and material properties of the foods that a mammal can eat. Most studies of feeding performance in mammals have focused on skull form and jaw muscles involved in generating bite force, but few explore how jaw abduction is related to feeding performance. In this study, we explored how the morphology of the digastric muscle, the primary jaw abducting muscle in mammals, and its jaw lever mechanics are related to diet in morphologically diverse noctilionoid bats...
February 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330936/give-me-a-sample-of-air-and-i-will-tell-which-species-are-found-from-your-region-molecular-identification-of-fungi-from-airborne-spore-samples
#18
Nerea Abrego, Veera Norros, Panu Halme, Panu Somervuo, Heini Ali-Kovero, Otso Ovaskainen
Fungi are a megadiverse group of organisms, they play major roles in ecosystem functioning, and are important for human health, food production, and nature conservation. Our knowledge on fungal diversity and fungal ecology is however still very limited, in part because surveying and identifying fungi is time demanding and requires expert knowledge. We present a method that allows anyone to generate a list of fungal species likely to occur in a region of interest, with minimal effort and without requiring taxonomical expertise...
January 13, 2018: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330900/overexpression-of-microrna408-enhances-photosynthesis-growth-and-seed-yield-in-diverse-plants
#19
Jiawei Pan, Dahui Huang, Zhonglong Guo, Zheng Kuang, He Zhang, Xinyu Xie, Zengfeng Ma, Shaopei Gao, Manuel T Lerdau, Chengcai Chu, Lei Li
The ability of a plant to produce grain, fruit, or forage depends ultimately on photosynthesis. There have been few attempts, however, to study microRNAs, which are a class of endogenous small RNAs post-transcriptionally programming gene expression, in relation to photosynthetic traits. We focused on miR408, one of the most conserved plant miRNAs, and overexpressed it in parallel in Arabidopsis, tobacco, and rice. The transgenic plants all exhibited increased copper content in the chloroplast, elevated abundance of plastocyanin, and an induction of photosynthetic genes...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330898/determination-of-phthalate-esters-in-soil-using-a-quick-easy-cheap-effective-rugged-and-safe-method-followed-by-gc-ms
#20
Qianjun Liu, Di Chen, Jiyuan Wu, Guangcai Yin, Qintie Lin, Min Zhang, Huawen Hu
A quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe procedure was designed to extract pesticide residues from fruits and vegetables with a high percentage of water. It has not been used extensively for the extraction of phthalate esters from sediments, soils and sludges. In this work, this procedure was combined with gas chromatography with mass spectrometry to determine 16 selected phthalate esters in soil. The extraction efficiency of the samples was improved by ultrasonic extraction and dissolution of the soil samples in ultra-pure water, which promoted the dispersion of the samples...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
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