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Light therapy NOT cancer

Shuhei Okuyama, Tadanobu Nagaya, Kazuhide Sato, Fusa Ogata, Yasuhiro Maruoka, Peter L Choyke, Hisataka Kobayashi
Near-infrared photoimmunotherapy (NIR-PIT), a promising cancer therapy utilizing an antibody-photoabsorber conjugate (APC) and NIR light, which induces rapid necrotic cell death only in APC-bound cells. Effective NIR-PIT in mouse models has been achieved using superficial light illumination (SLI) with light emitting diodes (LEDs) or lasers, but in the clinical setting, fiber optic diffusers have been employed to deliver light to deeper tumors. However, the performance of NIR light in tissue delivered by fiber optic diffusers is poorly understood...
February 16, 2018: Oncotarget
Latifa Mohammadi, Noria Harir, Mohamed Brahimi, Soraya Moulessehoul, Mohamed Amine Bekadja
BACKGROUND: Multiple Myeloma (MM) represent about 1 to 2% of cancers and 15% of all hematological malignancies. It is characterized by malignant proliferation of plasmocytes in bone marrow and an excess of secreted monoclonal immunoglobulins (Ig) Objective: Describe the epidemiological, clinical, biological and prognosis of patients with MM treated with autologous peripheral hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (APHSCT) in the Algerian West. METHODS: It is a retrospective descriptive study covering all MM patients treated with APHSCT over a period of 7 years (2008-2015) at service of Haematology and Cell Therapy of the EHU "1er November 1954 of Oran, Algeria...
June 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Yunmei Peng, Junpeng Nie, Wei Cheng, Gan Liu, Dunwan Zhu, Linhua Zhang, Chaoyu Liang, Lin Mei, Laiqiang Huang, Xiaowei Zeng
The integration of various therapy strategies into a single nanoplatform for synergistic cancer treatment has presented a great prospect. Herein, docetaxel (DTX)-loaded poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA)-coated polydopamine modified with d-α-tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) was synthesized for chemo-photothermal synergistic therapy against cancer. Firstly, the DTX-loaded PLGA NPs were prepared by a facile and robust nanoprecipitation method. Then, they were coated with dopamine to achieve the photothermal effects and to be further modified with TPGS, which can inhibit the P-glycoprotein-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR)...
March 7, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Yu-Jie Li, Cheng-Xiong Yang, Xiu-Ping Yan
Metastasis is the main cause of death in people with cancer. Early diagnosis and targeted therapy for metastasis is crucial for the survival of the cancer patients. However, metastasis is hard to trace for its small size, dispersed distribution and un-vascularized anatomy. Here we report a biomimetic persistent luminescent nanoplatform for non-invasive high-sensitive diagnosis and 808 nm laser controlled photodynamics assisted chemotherapy of metastasis. The nanoplatform is composed of a photosensitizer functionalized persistent luminescent nanoparticle core, a doxorubicin loaded hollow silica interlayer and a cancer cell membrane shell for effective metastasis theranostic...
March 5, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Cheng Xu, Feng Chen, Hector F Valdovinos, Dawei Jiang, Shreya Goel, Bo Yu, Haiyan Sun, Todd E Barnhart, James J Moon, Weibo Cai
Mesoporous silica nanoshell (MSN) coating has been demonstrated as a versatile surface modification strategy for various kinds of inorganic functional nanoparticles, such as gold nanorods (GNRs), to achieve not only improved nanoparticle stability but also concomitant drug loading capability. However, limited drug loading capacity and low tumor accumulation rate in vivo are two major challenges for the biomedical applications of MSN-coated GNRs (GNR@MSN). In this study, by coating uniformly sized GNRs with MSN in an oil-water biphase reaction system, we have successfully synthesized a new bacteria-like GNR@MSN (i...
February 23, 2018: Biomaterials
Mei-Ling Chen, Zhi-Wen Gao, Xue-Min Chen, Shu-Chao Pang, Yi Zhang
Magnetic graphene-based hybrids are being increasing recognized as an effective nanotheranostic agent in biomedicine. Conventional technologies for their synthesis have drawbacks not only from a synthetic standpoint, mainly requiring high temperatures and multi-step processes, but also from a biological perspective, chemical precursors or surfactants involved in the chemical process are toxic to cells. Herein, we report a novel approach for one-step fabricating magnetic graphene hybrid nanocomposites based on laser irradiation of an Fe target in GO-PEG aqueous solution at room temperature without using any other chemical reagent...
May 15, 2018: Talanta
Jia Hu, Xiang Chen, Xuhua Zhang, Xiaopeng Yuan, Mingjuan Yang, Hui Dai, Wei Yang, Qinghua Zhou, Weihong Wen, Qirui Wang, Weijun Qin, Aizhi Zhao
A single chain Fv fragment (scFv) is a fusion of the variable regions of heavy (VH ) and light (VL ) chains of immunoglobulins. They are important elements of chimeric antigen receptors for cancer therapy. We sought to produce a panel of 16 extracellular protein domains of tumor markers for use in scFv yeast library screenings. A series of vectors comprising various combinations of expression elements was made but expression was unpredictable and more than half of the protein domains could not be produced using any of the constructs...
March 3, 2018: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
Xiaotu Ma, Yu Liu, Yanling Liu, Ludmil B Alexandrov, Michael N Edmonson, Charles Gawad, Xin Zhou, Yongjin Li, Michael C Rusch, John Easton, Robert Huether, Veronica Gonzalez-Pena, Mark R Wilkinson, Leandro C Hermida, Sean Davis, Edgar Sioson, Stanley Pounds, Xueyuan Cao, Rhonda E Ries, Zhaoming Wang, Xiang Chen, Li Dong, Sharon J Diskin, Malcolm A Smith, Jaime M Guidry Auvil, Paul S Meltzer, Ching C Lau, Elizabeth J Perlman, John M Maris, Soheil Meshinchi, Stephen P Hunger, Daniela S Gerhard, Jinghui Zhang
Analysis of molecular aberrations across multiple cancer types, known as pan-cancer analysis, identifies commonalities and differences in key biological processes that are dysregulated in cancer cells from diverse lineages. Pan-cancer analyses have been performed for adult but not paediatric cancers, which commonly occur in developing mesodermic rather than adult epithelial tissues. Here we present a pan-cancer study of somatic alterations, including single nucleotide variants, small insertions or deletions, structural variations, copy number alterations, gene fusions and internal tandem duplications in 1,699 paediatric leukaemias and solid tumours across six histotypes, with whole-genome, whole-exome and transcriptome sequencing data processed under a uniform analytical framework...
February 28, 2018: Nature
Shang-Jui Wang, Lara Hathout, Usha Malhotra, Nell Maloney-Patel, Sarah Kilic, Elizabeth Poplin, Salma K Jabbour
Rectal cancer predominantly affects patients older than 70 years, with peak incidence at age 80 to 85 years. However, the standard treatment paradigm for rectal cancer oftentimes cannot be feasibly applied to these patients owing to frailty or comorbid conditions. There are currently little information and no treatment guidelines to help direct therapy for patients who are elderly and/or have significant comorbidities, because most are not included or specifically studied in clinical trials. More recently various alternative treatment options have been brought to light that may potentially be utilized in this group of patients...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Prakhar Sengar, Patricia Juárez, Andrea Verdugo-Meza, Danna L Arellano, Akhil Jain, Kanchan Chauhan, Gustavo A Hirata, Pierrick G J Fournier
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy is a promising cancer therapy modality but its application for deep-seated tumor is mainly hindered by the shallow penetration of visible light. X-ray-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) has gained a major attention owing to the limitless penetration of X-rays. However, substantial outcomes have still not been achieved due to the low luminescence efficiency of scintillating nanoparticles and weak energy transfer to the photosensitizer. The present work describes the development of Y2...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Safdar Ali, Saleh Muhammad, Ahmat Khurshid, Masroor Ikram, Muhammad Maqsood, Carl Fisher, Judy Cathcart, Lothar Lilge
To improve a cancer patient's quality of life, short treatment duration resulting in rapid tumour removal while sparing normal tissue are highly desirable. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) commonly applied in a single treatment, while often effective can be limited at low photosensitizer or light doses. Combination therapies can overcome the efficacy limitations while not increasing treatment-associated morbidity. Here the efficacy of combination therapy comprised of doxorubicin (DOX) or methotrexate (MTX) with Photosens mediated PDT was investigated in three cell lines in vitro, employing multiple incubation sequences...
February 21, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Ayse Ceren Mutgan, H Erdinc Besikcioglu, Shenghan Wang, Helmut Friess, Güralp O Ceyhan, Ihsan Ekin Demir
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is unrivalled the deadliest gastrointestinal cancer in the western world. There is substantial evidence implying that insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling axis prompt PDAC into an advanced stage by enhancing tumor growth, metastasis and by driving therapy resistance. Numerous efforts have been made to block Insulin/IGF signaling pathway in cancer therapy. However, therapies that target the IGF1 receptor (IGF-1R) and IGF subtypes (IGF-1 and IGF-2) have been repeatedly unsuccessful...
February 23, 2018: Molecular Cancer
C Ricordel, L Friboulet, F Facchinetti, J-C Soria
Lung cancer represents the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Despite great advances in its management with the recent emergence of molecular targeted therapies for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), relapse of the metastatic disease always occurs within approximately one year. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant tumours are the prime example of oncogene addiction and clonal evolution in oncology, regarding the emergence of resistance to first- and second-generation EGFR inhibitors...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Arif Gulzar, Jiating Xu, Dan Yang, Liangge Xu, Fei He, Shili Gai, Piaoping Yang
NIR light-induced imaging-guided cancer therapy is an encouraging route in the cancer theranostic field. Herein, we describe a novel nanoscale proposal, which is established by covalently implanting core-shell structured upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) with nanographene oxide (NGO) by a process utilizing polyethylene glycol (PEG), and consequently loading Chlorin e6 (Ce6) onto the surface of NGO. The acquired NGO-UCNP-Ce6 (NUC) nanocomposites can not only be employed as upconversion luminescence (UCL) imaging probes of cells and whole-body animals with high contrast for diagnosis, but also can generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) under 808 nm light excitation for photodynamic therapy (PDT); over and above, they can swiftly and proficiently translate the 808 nm photon into thermal energy for photothermal therapy (PTT)...
February 20, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yiliu Liu, Silvia Pujals, Patrick J M Stals, Thomas Pauloehrl, Stanislav I Presolski, E W Meijer, Lorenzo Albertazzi, Anja R A Palmans
Dynamic single-chain polymeric nanoparticles (SCPNs) are intriguing, bioinspired architectures that result from the collapse or folding of an individual polymer chain into a nanometer-sized particle. Here we present a detailed biophysical study on the behavior of dynamic SCPNs in living cells and an evaluation of their catalytic functionality in such a complex medium. We first developed a number of delivery strategies that allowed the selective localization of SCPNs in different cellular compartments. Live/dead tests showed that the SCPNs were not toxic to cells while spectral imaging revealed that SCPNs provide a structural shielding and reduced the influence from the outer biological media...
February 19, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Wagner Ricardo Montor, Andrei Ronaldo Oliveira Silva Escartin Salas, Fabiana Henriques Machado de Melo
Searching for targets that allow pharmacological inhibition of cell proliferation in over-proliferative states, such as cancer, leads us to finely understand the complex mechanisms orchestrating the perfect control of mitosis number, frequency and pace as well as the molecular arrangements that induce cells to enter functional quiescence and brings them back to cycling in specific conditions. Although the mechanisms regulating cell proliferation have been described several years ago, never before has so much light been shed over this machinery as during the last decade when therapy targets have been explored and molecules, either synthetic or in the form of antibodies with the potential of becoming cancer drugs were produced and adjusted for specific binding and function...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Sheeba K Thomas, Soung-Chul Cha, D Lynne Smith, Kun Hwa Kim, Sapna R Parshottam, Sheetal Rao, Michael Popescu, Vincent Y Lee, Sattva S Neelapu, Larry W Kwak
BACKGROUND: There is now a renewed interest in cancer vaccines. Patients responding to immune checkpoint blockade usually bear tumors that are heavily infiltrated by T cells and express a high load of neoantigens, indicating that the immune system is involved in the therapeutic effect of these agents; this finding strongly supports the use of cancer vaccine strategies. Lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) is a low grade, incurable disease featuring an abnormal proliferation of Immunoglobulin (Ig)-producing malignant cells...
February 13, 2018: BMC Cancer
Shi-Lung Lin, Shao-Yao Ying
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small single-stranded regulatory RNAs capable of interfering with intracellular messenger RNAs (mRNAs) that contain either complete or partial complementarity, are useful for the design of new therapies against cancer polymorphism and viral mutation. Numerous miRNAs have been reported to induce RNA interference (RNAi), a post-transcriptional gene-silencing mechanism. Recent evidence also indicates that they are involved in the transcriptional regulation of genome activities. They were first discovered in Caenorhabditis elegans as native RNA fragments that modulate a wide range of genetic regulatory pathways during embryonic development, and are now recognized as small gene silencers transcribed from the noncoding regions of a genome...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Shanyue Guan, Di Yang, Yangziwan Weng, Heng Lu, Xiangmin Meng, Xiaozhong Qu, Shuyun Zhou
In this work, a novel ruthenium complex loaded monolayer layered double hydroxide (LDH) (denoted as Ru(C-bpy)2 /mLDH) as supramolecular nanosensor is synthesized, which is greatly exclusive to the hypoxic tumor microenvironment. The Ru(C-bpy)2 /mLDH ultrathin sheet displays not only enhanced luminescence lifetime compared to the parent Ru(C-bpy)2 alone, but also improved oxygen responsibility under an excitation of 488 or 800 nm. Moreover, the Ru(C-bpy)2 /mLDH is possessed of two-photon fluorescence imaging ability under the 800 nm irradiation...
February 12, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
B Novak, L Heesen, N Schary, H Lübbert
BACKGROUND: Topical photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a highly effective therapy especially for extended cancerized fields of the skin. Whenever extended fields are treated pain management is advisable. Light source mediated pain management can be performed by reducing fluence rates, as long as this does not compromise efficacy. METHODS: Two squamous cell carcinoma cell lines (A431 and SCC-13) were subjected to in vitro PDT using two different ALA concentrations and synthesis intervals and protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) synthesis was assessed...
February 7, 2018: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
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