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nurse practitioner regulation

Neal E Winblad, Michael Changaris, Phyllis K Stein
Background: Individuals who treat trauma are at significant risk of vicarious traumatization and burnout. Somatic Experiencing® (SE®) is a resiliency-focused trauma treatment modality designed to address autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysregulation and its impacted physical health and mental health symptoms e.g., anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, migraines, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue, etc. The SE® training supports the development of clinical skills to reduce physical health/mental health symptoms as well as increase clinician resilience...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Sue Bagley
Since the 1980s, the emergency nurse practitioner (ENP) role has evolved as increasing socioeconomic pressures and changing government policy have led to new working practices in emergency departments. Similarly, a lack of consensus regarding educational support for ENPs and the regulation of ENP training, mean that variations remain in the scope of practice, role description and academic requirements for ENPs. AIM: To explore ENPs' perceptions of their changing role, including their educational requirements and whether their training needs are being met...
February 21, 2018: Nursing Standard
Molly Frances Battistelli, Sara Magnusson, M Antonia Biggs, Lori Freedman
CONTEXT: Access to abortion care in the United States varies according to multiple factors, including location, state regulation and provider availability. In 2013, California enacted a law that authorized nurse practitioners (NPs), certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) and physician assistants (PAs) to provide first-trimester aspiration abortions; little is known about organizations' experiences in implementing this policy change. METHODS: Beginning 10 and 24 months after implementation of the new law, semistructured interviews were conducted with 20 administrators whose five organizations trained and employed NPs, CNMs and PAs as providers of aspiration abortions...
February 14, 2018: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Bridget Laging, Amanda Kenny, Michael Bauer, Rhonda Nay
AIM: To explore the recognition and assessment of resident deterioration in the nursing home setting. BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research exploring how nurses and personal-care-assistants manage a deteriorating nursing home resident. DESIGN: Critical ethnography. METHODS: Observation and semi-structured interviews with 66 participants (residents, family, nurses, personal-care-assistants and general practitioners) in two Australian nursing homes...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Adina S Gutstein, Tina Copple
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite achievement of optimal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) control with statin therapy, patients with elevated triglycerides (TGs) and residual cardiovascular risk are commonly encountered in clinical practice. METHODS: We present information from completed and ongoing clinical trials examining Rx omega-3s for TG-lowering and omega-3 dietary supplements to highlight important differences affecting patient management for nurse practitioners...
December 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
Kylee A Funk, Krystalyn K Weaver
OBJECTIVES: The authors share their knowledge about partnering and establishing collaborative practice agreements with nurse practitioners. State laws and regulations were reviewed that affect pharmacists' ability to fully partner with nurse practitioners. SUMMARY: Nurse practitioners' role in primary care is growing, and, in many states, nurse practitioners practice independently. Collaborative practice agreements (CPAs) enable pharmacists to work with prescribers more efficiently...
January 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Rachel King, Angela Tod, Tom Sanders
The NHS in the UK is under increasing pressure as a result of financial and recruitment issues, as well as an ageing population. Nursing has continued to adapt to this challenging time. Over the past few years, the advanced nurse practitioner (ANP) role has been implemented widely in primary and secondary care. However, the ANP role has lacked consistency in scope of practice, training and regulation. This article summarises the development of the ANP role in the UK and internationally, and issues relating to regulation...
November 29, 2017: Nursing Standard
Anders Farholm, Marit Sørensen, Hallgeir Halvari, Torfinn Hynnekleiv
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence for physical activity (PA) having a positive impact on physical and mental health as well as illness symptoms in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI). However, individuals with SMI experience several barriers that makes it difficult to take advantage of the benefits associated with PA. One barrier consistently reported to impede PA is motivational issues. Thus, the main aim of the present study was to examine associations between PA and motivation for PA, perceived competence for PA, functioning, apathy, and demographic variables among individuals with SMI...
November 6, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
Rakhee Raghunandan, June Tordoff, Alesha Smith
AIM: In this paper, we aim to provide an updated source of information for nonmedical prescribing (NMP) in New Zealand (NZ). METHODS: A variety of NZ sources were used to collect data: legislation, policy documents and information from professional and regulatory organizations, and education providers. RESULTS: In NZ, the legal categories for prescribers include authorized, designated, and delegated prescribers. Authorized prescribers include dentists, midwives, nurse practitioners, and optometrist prescribers...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
Pauline Wang-Romjue
BACKGROUND: Many healthcare stakeholders view nurse practitioners (NPs) as an important workforce resource to help fill the anticipated shortage of 20,400 ambulatory care physicians that is expected by 2020. Multiple quantitative studies revealed the attributes of NPs' practice autonomy and roles. However, there is no qualitative meta-synthesis that describes the experiences of NPs' practice autonomy and roles. AIM: To describe and understand the experiences of NPs regarding their practice autonomy and roles in various ambulatory settings through the exploration of existing qualitative studies: meta-synthesis...
October 27, 2017: Nursing Forum
Pamela Ruth Mills, Anita Elaine Weidmann, Derek Stewart
Background Electronic prescribing system implementation is recommended to improve patient safety and general practitioner's discharge information communication. There is a paucity of information about hospital staff perspectives before and after system implementation. Objective To explore hospital staff views regarding prescribing and discharge communication systems before and after hospital electronic prescribing and medicines administration (HEPMA) system implementation. Setting A 560 bed United Kingdom district general hospital...
December 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Ben Jackson, Michelle Marshall, Susie Schofield
BACKGROUND: Physician associates (PAs) are described as one solution to workforce capacity in primary care in the UK. Despite new investment in the role, how effective this will be in addressing unmet primary care needs is unclear. AIM: To investigate the barriers and facilitators to the integration of PAs into the general practice workforce. DESIGN AND SETTING: A modified grounded theory study in a region unfamiliar with the PA role. METHOD: No a priori themes were assumed...
November 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
John K Awoonor-Williams, Peter Baffoe, Philip K Ayivor, Chris Fofie, Sheila Desai, Wendy Chavkin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of conscientious objection (CO), motivations, knowledge of Ghana's abortion law, attitudes, and behaviors toward abortion provision among medical providers in northern Ghana, and measures to regulate CO. METHODS: Between June and November 2015, the present cross-sectional survey-based descriptive study measured prevalence, knowledge, and attitudes about CO among 213 eligible health practitioners who were trained in abortion provision and working in hospital facilities in northern Ghana...
January 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Rebecca L Baines, Sam Regan de Bere
BACKGROUND: There is international interest in the active involvement of patients and the public. However, consensus on how best to optimize its application is currently unavailable. OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess the underlying principles of patient and public involvement (PPI) in health and social care services, research, education and regulation across medicine, dentistry and nursing. DESIGN: A four-phase methodology: (i) an extensive systematic review of published and grey literature; (ii) inductive thematic analysis of review findings; (iii) development of best practice principles; and (iv) consensus testing of identified principles using a modified Delphi methodology...
September 19, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Jennifer Perloff, Sean Clarke, Catherine M DesRoches, Monica O'Reilly-Jacob, Peter Buerhaus
CONTEXT: State scope of practice (SoP) laws impose significant restrictions on the services that a nurse practitioner (NP) may provide in some states, yet evidence about SoP limitations on the quality of primary care is very limited. METHOD: This study uses six different classifications of state regulations and bivariate and multivariate analyses to compare beneficiaries attributed to primary care nurse practitioners and primary care physicians in 2013 testing two hypotheses: (1) chronic disease management, cancer screening, preventable hospitalizations, and adverse outcomes of care provided by primary care nurse practitioners are better in reduced and restricted practice states compared to states without restrictions and (2) by decreasing access to care, SoP restrictions negatively affect the quality of primary care...
September 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
Alison Leary, Katrina Maclaine, Paul Trevatt, Mark Radford, Geoffrey Punshon
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: The work of specialist nursing has been under scrutiny for many years in the UK due to a perception that it is not cost-effective. A common issue is the lack of consistency of job titles, which causes confusion to the public, employing organisations, colleagues and commissioners of services. Lack of consistency has implications for the wider perception of advanced specialist practice in the worldwide community and the workforce more generally. This study aims to understand the variation in job titles in the UK population...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Mieke van der Biezen, Michel Wensing, Lusine Poghosyan, Regi van der Burgt, Miranda Laurant
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, nurse practitioners (NPs) are deployed in teams along with general practitioners (GPs) to help meet the demand for out-of-hours care. The purpose of this study was to explore factors influencing collaboration between GPs and NPs in teams working out-of-hours. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative study was done using a total of 27 semi-structured interviews and two focus group discussions. Data was collected between June, 2014 and October, 2015 at an out-of-hours primary care organisation in the Netherlands...
August 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Lusine Poghosyan, J Margo Brooks Carthon
The growing nurse practitioner (NP) workforce represents a significant supply of primary care providers, who if optimally utilized, are well-positioned to improve access to health care for racial and ethnic minorities. However, many barriers affect the optimal utilization of NPs in primary care delivery. These barriers may also prevent NPs from maximally contributing to efforts to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities. Our review of the empirical and health policy literature sought to elucidate factors that affect NPs' potential and ability to narrow or eliminate health disparities...
May 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Julie G Kosteniuk, Norma J Stewart, Chandima P Karunanayake, Erin C Wilson, Kelly L Penz, Judith C Kulig, Kelley Kilpatrick, Ruth Martin-Misener, Debra G Morgan, Martha L P MacLeod
Aim The study purpose was to provide evidence of validity for the Primary Health Care Engagement (PHCE) Scale, based on exploratory factor analysis and reliability findings from a large national survey of regulated nurses residing and working in rural and remote Canadian communities. BACKGROUND: There are currently no published provider-level instruments to adequately assess delivery of community-based primary health care, relevant to ongoing primary health care (PHC) reform strategies across Canada and elsewhere...
July 27, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Carolyn M Rutledge, Karen Kott, Patty A Schweickert, Rebecca Poston, Christianne Fowler, Tina S Haney
Telehealth is becoming a vital process for providing access to cost-effective quality care to patients at a distance. As such, it is important for nurse practitioners, often the primary providers for rural and disadvantaged populations, to develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to utilize telehealth technologies in practice. In reviewing the literature, very little information was found on programs that addressed nurse practitioner training in telehealth. This article provides an overview of both the topics and the techniques that have been utilized for training nurse practitioners and nurse practitioner students in the delivery of care utilizing telehealth...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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