Read by QxMD icon Read

search recent advances in medical

Zhongzhi Jia, Guomin Jiang, Feng Tian, Chunfu Zhu, Xihu Qin
BACKGROUND/AIM: Over the past two decades, several advances have been made in the management of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT). Yttrium-90 ( 90 Y) radioembolization has recently been made a treatment option for patients with HCC and PVTT. However, there is still a need to systematicly evaluate the outcomes of 90 Y radioembolization for HCC and PVTT. We aimed to assess the safety and effectiveness of 90 Y radioembolization for HCC and PVTT...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
Stefan Stefanovic, Markus Wallwiener, Uros Karic, Christoph Domschke, Luka Katic, Florin-Andrei Taran, Aleksandra Pesic, Andreas Hartkopf, Peyman Hadji, Martin Teufel, Florian Schuetz, Christof Sohn, Peter Fasching, Andreas Schneeweiss, Sara Brucker
PURPOSE: The capture of adequate treatment outcomes and quality of life (QOL) of advanced breast cancer patients in clinical routine represents a great challenge. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are data elements directly reported by patients about experiences with care, including symptoms, functional status, or quality of life. There is growing interest in the medical community for the evaluation and implementation of PROs of adverse events (PRO-AEs). Recent interest in PROs in health care has evolved in the context of patient centeredness...
October 17, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Devin Singh, Fahad Alam, Clyde Matava
BACKGROUND: Audio and video podcasts have gained popularity in recent years. Increasingly, podcasts are being used in the field of medicine as a tool to disseminate information. This format has multiple advantages including highly accessible creation tools, low distribution costs, and portability for the user. However, despite its ongoing use in medical education, there are no data describing factors associated with the success or quality of podcasts. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to assess the landscape of anesthesia podcasts in Canada and develop a methodology for evaluating the quality of the podcast...
August 17, 2016: JMIR Med Educ
Katarzyna Rygiel
Advances in oncologic therapies have allowed many patients with breast cancer to achieve better outcomes and longer survival. However, this progress has been tempered by cardiotoxicity, associated with anticancer therapies, ranging from subclinical abnormalities to irreversible life-threatening complications, such as congestive heart failure or cardiomyopathy. In particular, exposure to chemotherapy (CHT), including anthracyclines and trastuzumab, can lead to cardiac dysfunction with short- or long-term consequences, among patients with breast cancer...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Ariana Singh, Kamran Ahmed, Abdullatif Aydin, Muhammad Shamim Khan, Prokar Dasgupta
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Fournier's gangrene is a rare, necrotising fasciitis of the external genitalia, perineal or perianal regions. The disease has a higher incidence in males and risk factors for development include diabetes, HIV, alcoholism and other immune-compromised states. The aggressive disease process is associated with a high mortality rate of 20-30%. In addition, the increasing age and prevalence of diabetes in the population, begs the need for increased clinical awareness of Fournier's gangrene with emphasis on early diagnosis and management...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
Tetsuhide Ito, Lingaku Lee, Robert T Jensen
INTRODUCTION: Neuroendocrine tumors(NETs), once thought rare, are increasing in frequency in most countries and receiving increasing-attention. NETs present two-treatment problems. A proportion is aggressive and a proportion has a functional, hormone-excess-state(F-NET) each of which, must be treated. Recently, there have been many advances, well-covered in reviews/consensus papers on imaging-NETs; new, novel anti-tumor treatments and understanding their pathogenesis. However, little attention has been paid to advances in the treatment of the hormone-excess-state...
September 16, 2016: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Julian Danino, Jameel Muzaffar, Chris Metcalfe, Chris Coulson
Human evaluation and judgement may include errors that can have disastrous results. Within medicine and healthcare there has been slow progress towards major changes in safety. Healthcare lags behind other specialised industries, such as aviation and nuclear power, where there have been significant improvements in overall safety, especially in reducing risk of errors. Following several high profile cases in the USA during the 1990s, a report titled "To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System" was published...
September 13, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Mel Clark Taveros, Elizabeth J Chuang
CONTEXT: Prescription opioid and heroin abuse has increased substantially in recent years. Enrolment on opioid agonist therapy programmes is consequently increasing as well. As a result of these trends, more patients who present with acute pain secondary to a malignancy are also on chronic methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) for substance abuse. This combination of diagnoses presents a pain management challenge for palliative care providers. OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to gather and review the available medical literature pertaining to the use of opioid analgesia in methadone-maintained patients...
August 26, 2016: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
Margaret Kathleen Menzel Ellis, Mitchell Brett Sally, Darren Malinoski
INTRODUCTION: Despite continuous advances in transplant medicine, there is a persistent worldwide shortage of organs available for donation. There is a growing body of research that supports that optimal management of deceased organ donors in Intensive Care Unit can substantially increase the availability of organs for transplant and improve outcomes in transplant recipients. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed, comprising a comprehensive search of the PubMed database for relevant terms, as well as individual assessment of references included in large original investigations, and comprehensive society guidelines...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
Maureen D Connolly, Marcus J Zervos, Charles J Barone, Christine C Johnson, Christine L M Joseph
This review provides an update on the growing body of research related to the mental health of transgender youth that has emerged since the 2011 publication of the Institute of Medicine report on the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. The databases PubMed and Ovid Medline were searched for studies that were published from January 2011 to March 2016 in English. The following search terms were used: transgender, gender nonconforming, gender minority, gender queer, and gender dysphoria. Age limits included the terms youth, child, children, teenager*, and adolescen*...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Valery A Petrenko, James W Gillespie
INTRODUCTION: New phage-directed nanomedicines have emerged recently as a result of the in-depth study of the genetics and structure of filamentous phage and evolution of phage display and phage nanobiotechnology. This review focuses on the progress made in the development of the cancer-targeted nanomaterials and discusses the trends in using phage as a bioselectable molecular navigation system. AREAS COVERED: The merging of phage display technologies with nanotechnology in recent years has proved promising in different areas of medicine and technology, such as medical diagnostics, molecular imaging, vaccine development and targeted drug/gene delivery, which is the focus of this review...
July 28, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Feroze Sidhwa, Alessandra Moore, Elaine Alligood, Piero Marco Fisichella
OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment options available for management of extraesophageal manifestations of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and to compare the most recent technological advances to the existing guidelines. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Extraesophageal manifestations of GERD include cough, laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), and asthma. Recent advances in diagnostic modalities may have outpaced the existing diagnostic and therapeutic clinical guidelines...
August 5, 2016: Annals of Surgery
X Q Zhao, X N Xu, L Y Chen
Marine actinobacteria are well recognized for their capabilities to produce valuable natural products, which have great potential for applications in medical, agricultural, and fine chemical industries. In addition to producing unique enzymes responsible for biosynthesis of natural products, many marine actinobacteria also produce hydrolytic enzymes which are able to degrade various biopolymers, such as cellulose, xylan, and chitin. These enzymes are important to produce biofuels and biochemicals of interest from renewable biomass...
2016: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
Pramod K Guru, Tarun D Singh, Melissa Passe, Kianoush B Kashani, Gregory J Schears, Rahul Kashyap
BACKGROUND: The role of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in refractory cardiorespiratory failure is gaining momentum with recent advancements in technology. However, the need for dialysis modes such as continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) has also increased in the management for acute kidney injury. Establishing the exact timing of CRRT initiation in these patients from the electronic medical record is vital for automated data extraction for research and quality improvement efforts...
2016: Applied Clinical Informatics
Marco Guazzi, Valentina Labate
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) secondary to left heart disease, classified as Group 2, is a widely underestimated target of therapy. Prevention and treatment of initial subclinical stages are not valued as a priority in the management of this chronic disease population, whereas attention is high for PH consequences in patients with advanced heart failure (HF) requiring a left ventricular mechanical assist device or heart transplant candidates. Even so, there is a growing interest toward the evidence of a clinical and prognostic role of PH in the elderly populations and in HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)...
July 2016: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
K Yadav, M Sharma, K C Ferdinand
AIMS: Our comprehensive review highlights the drug development and pharmacogenomics leading to the recent approval of PCSK9 inhibitors. We also review the anticipated future advances into the uses of PCSK9 inhibition. BACKGROUND: Despite the present advances in pharmacotherapy, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) remains the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering is the primary target for ASCVD risk reduction, showing demonstrable benefits in mortality...
October 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Reza Fekrazad, Nafiseh Naghdi, Hanieh Nokhbatolfoghahaei, Hossein Bagheri
Several methods have been employed for cancer treatment including surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Today, recent advances in medical science and development of new technologies, have led to the introduction of new methods such as hormone therapy, Photodynamic therapy (PDT), treatments using nanoparticles and eventually combinations of lasers and nanoparticles. The unique features of LASERs such as photo-thermal properties and the particular characteristics of nanoparticles, given their extremely small size, may provide an interesting combined therapeutic effect...
2016: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
Anita Mandhare, Satish Biradar, Asha Gurule
INTRODUCTION: Azaepothilone B, also known as ixabepilone, is a semi synthetic second generation epothilone B analogue. Azaepothilone B, its derivatives, and analogues, are used for treating advance metastatic breast cancer. It has been used as a chemotherapeutic medication for cancer. AREAS COVERED: This review highlights the patents on different routes for synthesis of azaepothilone B, its derivatives and analogues. The review will also provide the reported pharmacological activity and its polymorphs in the treatment of several cancers, such as breast cancer (metastatic or locally advanced), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and pancreatic cancer...
August 2016: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
Jean Barnish, Rachel A Atkinson, Susannah M Barran, Maxwell S Barnish
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that participation in performing arts brings psychosocial benefits in the general population and in recent years there has been substantial interest in the potential therapeutic benefit of performing arts, including singing, for people with chronic medical conditions including those of neurological aetiology. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the existing body of evidence regarding the potential benefit of singing on clinical outcomes of people with PD...
June 3, 2016: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
Tosca-Marie Heunis, Chris Aldrich, Petrus J de Vries
BACKGROUND: Electroencephalography (EEG) has been used for almost a century to identify seizure-related disorders in humans, typically through expert interpretation of multichannel recordings. Attempts have been made to quantify EEG through frequency analyses and graphic representations. These "traditional" quantitative EEG analysis methods were limited in their ability to analyze complex and multivariate data and have not been generally accepted in clinical settings. There has been growing interest in identification of novel EEG biomarkers to detect early risk of autism spectrum disorder, to identify clinically meaningful subgroups, and to monitor targeted intervention strategies...
August 2016: Pediatric Neurology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"