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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095757/ethical-leadership-outcomes-in-nursing
#1
Maasoumeh Barkhordari-Sharifabad, Tahereh Ashktorab, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh
BACKGROUND: Leadership style adopted by nursing managers is a key element in progress and development of nursing and quality of healthcare services received by the patients. In this regard, the role of ethical leadership is of utmost importance. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to elaborate on the ethical leadership and its role in professional progress and growth of nurses in the light of work condition in health providing institutes. METHODS: The study was carried out as a qualitative study following conventional content analysis method...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088935/status-of-ocular-trauma-in-hospitalized-patients-in-kashan-2011-as-a-sample-of-industrial-city
#2
Mehdi Shaeri, Alireza Moravveji, Mohammad-Reza Fazel, Fatemeh Rangraz Jeddi
PURPOSE: Ocular trauma is the third leading cause of hospitalization in ophthalmology patients, imposing direct and indirect physical and psychological costs on society. This study aims to investigate the status of ocular trauma in hospitalized patients in the industrialized city of Kashan in 2011. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive applied study was conducted in 2012 on patients hospitalized for ocular trauma. Data, including age, gender, occupation, education, timing of admission following accident, location of accident, type of injury, damaging instrument, and type of trauma, were collected using a questionnaire designed by a trained nurse, and analyzed using SPSS-16 software by means of means ± standard deviation, frequency, and percentage for descriptive data and t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Chi-square and Fisher exact test for analysis at significance level of p < 0...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087585/standard-based-comprehensive-detection-of-adverse-drug-reaction-signals-from-nursing-statements-and-laboratory-results-in-electronic-health-records
#3
Suehyun Lee, Jiyeob Choi, Hun-Sung Kim, Grace Juyun Kim, Kye Hwa Lee, Chan Hee Park, Jongsoo Han, Dukyong Yoon, Man Young Park, Rae Woong Park, Hye-Ryun Kang, Ju Han Kim
OBJECTIVE: We propose 2 Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities-enabled pharmacovigilance algorithms, MetaLAB and MetaNurse, powered by a per-year meta-analysis technique and improved subject sampling strategy. MATRIALS AND METHODS: This study developed 2 novel algorithms, MetaLAB for laboratory abnormalities and MetaNurse for standard nursing statements, as significantly improved versions of our previous electronic health record (EHR)-based pharmacovigilance method, called CLEAR...
January 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086869/evaluation-of-an-aged-care-nurse-practitioner-service-quality-of-care-within-a-residential-aged-care-facility-hospital-avoidance-service
#4
Trudy Dwyer, Alison Craswell, Dolene Rossi, Darren Holzberger
BACKGROUND: Reducing avoidable hospitialisation of aged care facility (ACF) residents can improve the resident experience and their health outcomes. Consequently many variations of hospital avoidance (HA) programs continue to evolve. Nurse practitioners (NP) with expertise in aged care have the potential to make a unique contribution to hospital avoidance programs. However, little attention has been dedicated to service evaluation of this model and the quality of care provided. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of an aged care NP model of care situated within a HA service in a regional area of Australia...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086760/education-of-pediatric-subspecialty-fellows-in-transport-medicine-a-national-survey
#5
Geoffrey E Mickells, Denise M Goodman, Ranna A Rozenfeld
BACKGROUND: The transport of critically ill patients to children's hospitals is essential to current practice. The AAP Section on Transport Medicine has raised concerns about future leadership in the field as trainees receive less exposure to transport medicine. This study identifies the priorities of pediatric subspecialty fellows, fellowship directors and nursing directors in transport medicine education. METHODS: Internet based surveys were distributed to fellows, fellowship directors and nursing directors of transport teams affiliated with ACGME-approved fellowships in Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine (NPM), Pediatric Critical Care Medicine (PCCM), and Pediatric Emergency Medicine (PEM)...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056166/nitric-oxide-for-respiratory-failure-in-infants-born-at-or-near-term
#6
REVIEW
Keith J Barrington, Neil Finer, Thomas Pennaforte, Gabriel Altit
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) is a major endogenous regulator of vascular tone. Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) gas has been investigated as treatment for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether treatment of hypoxaemic term and near-term newborn infants with iNO improves oxygenation and reduces rate of death and use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), or affects long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. SEARCH METHODS: We used the standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 1), MEDLINE via PubMed (1966 to January 2016), Embase (1980 to January 2016) and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL; 1982 to January 2016)...
January 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042198/age-worksite-location-neuromodulators-and-task-performance-in-the-ant-pheidole-dentata
#7
Ysabel Milton Giraldo, Adina Rusakov, Alexandria Diloreto, Adrianna Kordek, James F A Traniello
Social insect workers modify task performance according to age-related schedules of behavioral development, and/or changing colony labor requirements based on flexible responses that may be independent of age. Using known-age minor workers of the ant Pheidole dentata throughout 68% of their 140-day laboratory lifespan, we asked whether workers found inside or outside the nest differed in task performance and if behaviors were correlated with and/or causally linked to changes in brain serotonin (5HT) and dopamine (DA)...
September 2016: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033072/historic-leadership
#8
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 1 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
January 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028052/an-rna-binding-atypical-tropomyosin-recruits-kinesin-1-dynamically-to-oskar-mrnps
#9
Imre Gáspár, Vasiliy Sysoev, Artem Komissarov, Anne Ephrussi
Localization and local translation of oskar mRNA at the posterior pole of the Drosophila oocyte directs abdominal patterning and germline formation in the embryo. The process requires recruitment and precise regulation of motor proteins to form transport-competent mRNPs. We show that the posterior-targeting kinesin-1 is loaded upon nuclear export of oskar mRNPs, prior to their dynein-dependent transport from the nurse cells into the oocyte. We demonstrate that kinesin-1 recruitment requires the DmTropomyosin1-I/C isoform, an atypical RNA-binding tropomyosin that binds directly to dimerizing oskar 3'UTRs...
December 27, 2016: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003811/identification-and-characterization-of-a-novel-association-between-dietary-potassium-and-risk-of-crohn-s-disease-and-ulcerative-colitis
#10
Hamed Khalili, Sakshi Malik, Ashwin N Ananthakrishnan, John J Garber, Leslie M Higuchi, Amit Joshi, Joanna Peloquin, James M Richter, Kathleen O Stewart, Gary C Curhan, Amit Awasthi, Vijay Yajnik, Andrew T Chan
BACKGROUND: Recent animal studies have identified that dietary salt intake may modify the risk and progression of autoimmune disorders through modulation of the IL-23/TH17 pathway, which is critical in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of U.S. women enrolled in the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII who provided detailed and validated information on diet and lifestyle beginning in 1984 in NHS and 1991 in NHSII...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001283/hey-mister-tambourine-man-play-a-drug-for-me-music-as-medication
#11
Robert H Howland
Listening to music may be thought of as noninvasive and nonpharmacological, but music should be considered a drug therapy. Music exposure has measurable neurobiological effects that are linked to systems regulating reward, motivation, and pleasure; stress and arousal; and immunity. Functional neuroimaging and lesion studies demonstrate that music-evoked emotions are associated with modulation of linked limbic and paralimbic brain regions. Some of these regions are involved in reward, motivation, and pleasure, and there are additional projections to brain structures regulating autonomic, emotional, and cognitive function...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001018/advanced-practice-registered-nurses-final-rule-with-comment-period
#12
(no author information available yet)
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is amending its medical regulations to permit full practice authority of three roles of VA advanced practice registered nurses (APRN) when they are acting within the scope of their VA employment. Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNA) will not be included in VA's full practice authority under this final rule, but comment is requested on whether there are access issues or other unconsidered circumstances that might warrant their inclusion in a future rulemaking...
14, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999522/effect-of-comorbidities-on-outcomes-of-neurorehabilitation-interventions-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-scoping-review
#13
Afolasade Fakolade, Etienne J Bisson, Julie Pétrin, Julie Lamarre, Marcia Finlayson
Background: Interest in comorbidities has increased in the past few years, but the effect of comorbidities on outcomes of multiple sclerosis (MS) neurorehabilitation interventions is unclear. The aim of this review was to identify and summarize the existing evidence regarding the effect of comorbidities on outcomes of neurorehabilitation interventions targeting people with MS. Methods: Five databases (Embase, MEDLINE through Ovid, PubMed Central, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Web of Science) were searched using index terms and keywords relating to MS and a wide range of rehabilitation interventions...
November 2016: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998623/growth-in-retail-based-clinics-after-nurse-practitioner-scope-of-practice-reform
#14
J Margo Brooks Carthon, Therese Sammarco, Darcy Pancir, Jesse Chittams, Kelly Wiltse Nicely
BACKGROUND: Retail clinics are largely staffed by nurse practitioners (NPs) and are a popular destination for nonemergent care. PURPOSE: We examined if there was a relationship between NP practice regulations and retail clinic growth after the passage of a scope of practice (SOP) reform bill in Pennsylvania. METHOD: General linear regression models were used to compare retail clinic openings in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Maryland between 2006 and 2013...
November 16, 2016: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995269/-new-legal-regulations-for-palliative-care-with-implications-for-politics-and-practice
#15
Heiner Melching
In December 2015 two different laws were adopted. Both are of importance for palliative care. One of the laws criminalizes commercial, "business-like" assisted suicide (§ 217 German Criminal Code), the other one aims to improve hospice and palliative care in Germany. Through the latter far-reaching changes in Social Code Books V and XI, as well as of the Hospital Finance Act have been made. This new Act to Improve Hospice and Palliative Care (HPG) focuses, amongst others, on: (a) Better funding of hospice services, by raising the minimum grant for patients in inpatient hospices paid per day by the health insurance funds by about 28...
January 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989406/features-of-heart-rate-variability-capture-regulatory-changes-during-kangaroo-care-in-preterm-infants
#16
Deedee R Kommers, Rohan Joshi, Carola van Pul, Louis Atallah, Loe Feijs, Guid Oei, Sidarto Bambang Oetomo, Peter Andriessen
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether heart rate variability (HRV) can serve as a surrogate measure to track regulatory changes during kangaroo care, a period of parental coregulation distinct from regulation within the incubator. STUDY DESIGN: Nurses annotated the starting and ending times of kangaroo care for 3 months. The pre-kangaroo care, during-kangaroo care, and post-kangaroo care data were retrieved in infants with at least 10 accurately annotated kangaroo care sessions...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983688/maternal-food-restriction-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-adversely-affect-hepatic-growth-and-lipid-metabolism-in-three-week-old-rat-offspring
#17
Sangmi Lee, Young-Ah You, Eun Jin Kwon, Sung-Chul Jung, Inho Jo, Young Ju Kim
Maternal malnutrition influences the early development of foetal adaptive changes for survival. We explored the effects of maternal undernutrition during gestation and lactation on hepatic growth and function. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a normal or a food-restricted (FR) diet during gestation and/or lactation. We performed analyses of covariance (adjusting for the liver weight/body weight ratio) to compare hepatic growth and lipid metabolism among the offspring. Maternal FR during gestation triggered the development of wide spaces between hepatic cells and increased the expression of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in three-week-old male offspring compared with controls (both p < 0...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977348/shambolic-staffing-has-a-price
#18
Pauline Goddard
Your analysis about the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) report revealing too many black and minority ethnic (BME) nurses and men being referred to the regulator (analysis, 7 December) is the tip of the iceberg.
December 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964819/revitalizing-learning-outcomes-for-adult-gerontology-advanced-practice-programs
#19
Camille Payne, Kathleen Farrell, Mary L Heye
The implementation of the Consensus Model for Advanced Practice Registered Nurse Regulation has defined the model for advanced practice within the four recognized advanced practice nursing roles. The focus of graduate nursing program focus for care of the adult population has been broadened to include gerontology. The change toward increasing graduate program breadth and focus to a lifespan adult/gerontology population will result in the need for analysis and restructuring of advanced practice programs in order to incorporate gerontologic content...
November 2016: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941163/effects-of-accumulating-work-shifts-on-performance-based-fatigue-using-multiple-strength-measurements-in-day-and-night-shift-nurses-and-aides
#20
Brennan J Thompson, Matt S Stock, Victoria K Banuelas
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effects of accumulating nursing work on maximal and rapid strength characteristics in female nurses and compare these effects in day versus night shift workers. BACKGROUND: Nurses exhibit among the highest nonfatal injury rates of all occupations, which may be a consequence of long, cumulative work shift schedules. Fatigue may accumulate across multiple shifts and lead to performance impairments, which in turn may be linked to injury risks...
December 9, 2016: Human Factors
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