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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343089/peer-characteristics-associated-with-improved-glycemic-control-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-reciprocal-peer-support-program-for-diabetes
#1
Elizabeth Kaselitz, Megha Shah, Hwajung Choi, Michele Heisler
Objective In a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial of diabetes reciprocal peer support, we examined characteristics of peers associated with improvements in their partner's glycemic control. Methods A total of 102 adults with diabetes were randomized to the reciprocal peer support arm (vs. a nurse care management arm). The primary outcome was change in A1c over six months. Intermediate outcomes were insulin initiation and peer engagement. A number of baseline characteristics of peers were hypothesized to influence outcomes for their peer, and concordant characteristics of peer dyads were hypothesized that would influence outcomes for both peer partners...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339452/effects-of-colostrum-feeding-method-and-oral-igf1-on-porcine-uterine-development
#2
Ashley F George, Kathleen M Rahman, Dori J Miller, Anne A Wiley, Meredith E Camp, Frank Bartol, Carol A Bagnell
Nursing ensures lactocrine delivery of maternally-derived, milk-borne bioactive factors to offspring, which affects postnatal development of female reproductive tract tissues. Disruption of lactocrine communication for two days from birth (postnatal day = PND 0) by feeding milk replacer in lieu of nursing or consumption of colostrum alters porcine uterine gene expression globally by PND 2 and inhibits uterine gland genesis by PND 14. Here, objectives were to determine effects of: 1) nursing or milk replacer feeding from birth; 2) a single dose of colostrum or milk replacer and method of feeding; and 3) a single feeding of colostrum or milk replacer, with or without oral supplementation of IGF1, administered at birth on aspects of porcine uterine development at 12 h postnatally...
January 16, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338624/use-of-service-learning-to-increase-master-s-level-nursing-students-understanding-of-social-determinants-of-health-and-health-disparities
#3
Keneshia Bryant-Moore, Ashley Bachelder, Larronda Rainey, Kimberly Hayman, Alexa Bessette, Candace Williams
INTRODUCTION: It is important for graduate-level nursing students to be competent in the issues involved in the social determinants of health and health disparities and have the tools to address them as graduates. METHOD: As part of a nursing workforce diversity program, master's-level nursing students were required to participate in a service learning project exposing them to an issue not directly linked to health-long bus rides for students as a result of school consolidations-to achieve educational goals and objectives while providing a service to an advocacy agency...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330306/an-rb-family-independent-e2f3-transcription-factor-variant-impairs-stat5-signaling-and-mammary-gland-remodeling-during-pregnancy-in-mice
#4
Yang Liao, Wei Du
E2F transcription factors are regulated by binding to the retinoblastoma (Rb) tumor suppressor family of proteins. Previously, we reported an E2FLQ mutation that disrupts the binding with Rb proteins without affecting E2F's transcriptional activity. We also showed that mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) with an E2F3LQ mutation exhibit increased E2F activity and more rapid cell proliferation. In this report, we analyzed E2F3LQ mice to further characterize the in vivo consequences of Rb family-independent E2F3 activity...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324841/honey-bee-apis-mellifera-nurses-do-not-consume-pollens-based-on-their-nutritional-quality
#5
Vanessa Corby-Harris, Lucy Snyder, Charlotte Meador, Trace Ayotte
Honey bee workers (Apis mellifera) consume a variety of pollens to meet the majority of their requirements for protein and lipids. Recent work indicates that honey bees prefer diets that reflect the proper ratio of nutrients necessary for optimal survival and homeostasis. This idea relies on the precept that honey bees evaluate the nutritional composition of the foods provided to them. While this has been shown in bumble bees, the data for honey bees are mixed. Further, there is controversy as to whether foragers can evaluate the nutritional value of pollens, especially if they do not consume it...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322580/a-study-of-environmental-factors-affecting-nurses-comfort-and-protection-in-wearing-n95-respirators-during-bedside-procedures
#6
P P L Or, J W Y Chung, T K S Wong
AIM: To investigate room temperature and relative humidity affecting nurses' comfort and protection in wearing N95 respirators during clinical bedside procedures. BACKGROUND: N95 respirators are most commonly used to protect healthcare workers against airborne diseases. The elastic head straps required for tight fit may cause headache, facial pain and/or ear lobe discomfort. Although some past fit test results showed that these respirators are likely to fit comfortably, in reality any discomfort from use may influence negatively their appeal and acceptability and thus lower their effectiveness to protect the wearers...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319647/transition-to-critical-care-practice-within-an-academic-service-partnership-a-case-report-of-the-first-3-years-of-clinical-immersion-in-trauma-burn-and-neuroscience-critical-care
#7
Esther Bay, Andrea Sherzer, Emily Darnbrook
In response to regulators of nursing education and the Institute of Medicine, an academic-service partnership was formed between a research-intensive school of nursing and a tertiary health care facility. In that partnership, clinical experiences occurred mostly within 1 organization. This case report showcases the development, implementation, and revisions within our capstone immersion course, designed to ease the new graduates' transition into practice, including transitions to critical care nursing. Herein, we highlight our successes and challenges of implementing the clinical component within 2 critical care units focused on trauma and neurosurgical care of complex patients...
January 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302574/nurses-attitude-towards-professionalization-and-factors-influencing-it
#8
Masoumeh Shohani, Vahid Zamanzadeh
Introduction: Professionalism is one of the fundamental concepts in nursing and the result of the interaction with the environment and others. Nursing professionalism influences the quality of care and is affected by several factors. This study aimed to determine the attitude of nurses regarding professionalism and the factors affecting it. Methods: In this descriptive study, the attitude among nurses to professionalism has been measured through the questionnaire Hall, in five dimensions "membership in professional organizations", "public service", "a sense of calling", "self-regulation"," autonomy" and a researcher-made questionnaire about effective factors...
December 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295819/the-abc-transporter-eato-promotes-cell-clearance-in-the-drosophila-melanogaster-ovary
#9
Clarissa S Santoso, Tracy L Meehan, Jeanne S Peterson, Tiara M Cedano, Christopher V Turlo, Kimberly McCall
The clearance of dead cells is a fundamental process in maintaining tissue homeostasis. Genetic studies in Drosophila melanogaster, Caenorhabditis elegans, and mammals have identified two evolutionarily conserved signaling pathways that act redundantly to regulate this engulfment process: the ced-1/-6/-7 and ced-2/-5/-12 pathways. Of these engulfment genes, only the ced-7/ABCA1 ortholog remains to be identified in D. melanogaster Homology searches revealed a family of putative ced-7/ABCA1 homologs encoding ABC transporters in D...
January 2, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294572/-study-on-the-correlation-between-depression-and-emotion-regulation-strategies-in-the-elderly-residents
#10
J M Niu, F Z Kong, Y T Zhang, Y X Shang
Objective: To explore the cross-sectional study of depressive and emotional regulation strategies of elderly residents in Yinchuan and their relationship. Methods: A total number of 1 043 elderly cases, including 505 from 5 nursing institutions and 538 from 5 communities in Yinchuan city were chosen, from March to May, 2016. Depression survey using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), emotional adjustment strategies were conducted using the Gross Emotional Regulatory Questionnaire and the Rumination Scale...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283870/resources-for-educating-training-and-mentoring-nurses-and-unregulated-nursing-care-providers-in-palliative-care-a-review-and-expert-consultation
#11
Barbara Pesut, Madeleine Greig
BACKGROUND: Nurses and nursing care providers provide the most direct care to patients at end of life. Yet, evidence indicates that many feel ill-prepared for the complexity of palliative care. OBJECTIVE: To review the resources required to ensure adequate education, training, and mentorship for nurses and nursing care providers who care for Canadians experiencing life-limiting illness and their families. METHODS: This is a systematic search and narrative review in the Canadian context...
January 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283492/systematic-review-of-studies-of-mental-health-nurses-experience-of-anger-and-of-its-relationships-with-their-attitudes-and-practice
#12
REVIEW
Rahul Jalil, Geoffrey L Dickens
INTRODUCTION: Emotional regulation is important in mental health nursing practice but individual emotions may require different regulation strategies. There is ample evidence that nurses experience anger specifically during their work, for example when experiencing patient aggression. It is, therefore, important to consolidate what is known about how anger manifests in mental health nursing practice. AIM: We aimed to systematically identify, evaluate, and synthesise results from studies about mental health nurses and anger, where anger was measured objectively...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282257/barriers-and-facilitators-of-physical-activity-in-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#13
Archontissa M Kanavaki, Alison Rushton, Nikolaos Efstathiou, Asma Alrushud, Rainer Klocke, Abhishek Abhishek, Joan L Duda
Physical activity (PA), including engagement in structured exercise, has a key role in the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, maintaining a physically active lifestyle is a challenge for people with OA. PA determinants in this population need to be understood better so that they can be optimised by public health or healthcare interventions and social policy changes. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the existing qualitative evidence on barriers and facilitators of PA for patients with hip or knee OA...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280361/cardiovascular-disease-and-omega-3s-prescription-products-and-fish-oil-dietary-supplements-are-not-the-same
#14
REVIEW
Adina S Gutstein, Tina Copple
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Despite achievement of optimal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) control with statin therapy, patients with elevated triglycerides (TGs) and residual cardiovascular risk are commonly encountered in clinical practice. METHODS: We present information from completed and ongoing clinical trials examining Rx omega-3s for TG-lowering and omega-3 dietary supplements to highlight important differences affecting patient management for nurse practitioners...
December 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279014/quality-indicator-survey-versus-traditional-survey-in-new-york-state-a-comparison-of-results-from-annual-nursing-home-surveys
#15
Colleen Moore Delaney, Lisa Rafalson, Roger C Fiedler, Joanne I Hernick
Despite the passage of OBRA'87 for nursing home reform, concerns about care in facilities continue. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid developed new regulations and the Traditional Survey (TS) process for annual nursing home survey. The survey is conducted by state regional offices to determine facility compliance with federal regulations. Despite the regulations and new survey process, the TS inconsistently identified problems. A computerized process called the Quality Indicator Survey (QIS) was subsequently developed...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278917/experiences-with-unregulated-respite-care-among-family-caregivers-of-children-dependent-on-respiratory-technologies
#16
Krista Keilty, David Nicholas, Enid Selkirk
Increasingly, children with respiratory conditions who are dependent on medical technology (e.g. ventilators and tracheostomies) are cared for at home by family caregivers who are at risk for significant health, financial and social burdens. In many jurisdictions, access to quality respite is varied and often the availability of regulated (nursing) providers is insufficient. Rather than go without, some families have secured alternative and unregulated providers to supplement formal home care systems. The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of family caregivers of children dependent on respiratory technologies who have used unregulated providers for in-home respite care...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258830/trichinella-spiralis-muscle-larvae-excretory-secretory-products-induce-changes-in-cytoskeletal-and-myogenic-transcription-factors-in-primary-myoblast-cultures
#17
Lizbeth Hernández-Ancheyta, María Del Rosario Salinas-Tobón, Juan Carlos Cifuentes-Goches, Javier Hernández-Sánchez
Trichinella spiralis infection in skeletal muscle culminates with nurse cell formation. The participation of excretory-secretory products of the muscle larvae (ML-ESP) has been implicated in this process through different studies performed in infected muscle and the muscle cell line C2C12. In this work, we developed primary myoblast cultures to analyze the changes induced by ML-ESP in muscle cells. Microarray analyses revealed expression changes in muscle cell differentiation, proliferation, cytoskeleton organization, cell motion, transcription, cell cycle, apoptosis and signaling pathways such as MAPK, Jak-STAT, Wnt and PI3K-Akt...
December 16, 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251606/issues-in-access-to-end-of-life-care-in-low-resource-areas
#18
Yogesh Jain, Gajanan Phutke
Even though 1% of people require palliative and end-of-life care in low-resource situations, it remains an uncharted arena. Yet it is as important as curative care to alleviate suffering. Palliative care is not only a need in cancer and HIV disease; but is needed in a diverse group of illnesses ranging from tuberculosis, renal failures, paraplegia to chronic lung diseases. In a lower resource setting, the gaps in palliation may be the need for more technology and interventions or more healthcare professionals...
October 25, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243561/patient-safety-communication-among-differently-educated-nurses-converging-and-diverging-meaning-systems
#19
Allison Brandt Anbari, Amy Vogelsmeier, Debbie S Dougherty
Studies that suggest an increased number of bachelor's prepared nurses (BSNs) at the bedside improves patient safety do not stratify their samples into traditional bachelor's and associates (ADN) to BSN graduates. This qualitative study investigated potential differences in patient safety meaning among BSNs and ADN to BSN graduates. Guided by the theory of Language Convergence/Meaning Divergence, interview data from eight BSN and eight ADN to BSN graduates were analyzed. Findings indicate there are two meaning levels or systems, the local level and the systemic level...
December 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243331/a-5-year-retrospective-audit-of-prescribing-by-a-critical-care-outreach-team
#20
Mark Wilson
UK prescribing legislation changes made in 2006 and 2012 enabled appropriately qualified nurses to prescribe any licensed medication, and all controlled drugs in schedule 2-5 of the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001, for any medical condition within their clinical competence. Critical Care Outreach nurses who are independent nurse prescribers are ideally placed to ensure that acutely ill patients receive treatment without delay. The perceived challenge was how Critical Care Outreach nurses would be able to safely prescribe for a diverse patient group...
December 15, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
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