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self-efficacy or self efficacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777781/screen-related-parenting-practices-in-low-income-mexican-american-families
#1
Darcy A Thompson, Sarah J Schmiege, Susan L Johnson, Elizabeth A Vandewater, Richard E Boles, Ruth E Zambrana, Jerusha Lev, Jeanne M Tschann
OBJECTIVES: To (1) examine whether the Information, Motivation, and Behavioral Skills Model predicts maternal screen-related parenting practices and (2) evaluate the relationship of American Academy of Pediatrics(AAP)-recommended parenting practices with child television (TV) use behaviors. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 312 Spanish- and/or English-speaking female primary caregivers of Mexican descent with a child 3-5 years of age were recruited from safety-net pediatric clinics...
May 16, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776876/-efficacy-of-botulinum-toxin-a-injections-in-the-urethral-sphincter-in-patients-with-difficulties-to-perform-self-intermittent-catherization
#2
T Honore, F Le Breton, N Turmel, B Bignani, C Chesnel, A Charlanes, G Amarenco
PURPOSE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of botulinum toxin A injections in the urethral striated sphincter in patients with difficulties to perform self-intermittent catherization. METHODS: In this prospective study, 12 patients suffering from upper motor neuron diseases (8 multiple sclerosis, 2 myelitis, 1 brain injury, 1 multi system atrophy) and with difficulties to perform self-intermittent catherization, defined by a ICDQ score>1 (Intermittent Catheterization Difficulty Questionnaire) have had injections of 100U BOTOX® under EMG guidance in the urethral striated sphincter, for a total of 15 injections...
May 15, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776855/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-kinesiophobia-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-zhengzhou-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Libai Cai, Yanjin Liu, Huiping Xu, Qiulu Xu, Yanyan Wang, Peihua Lyu
BACKGROUND: The incidence of and risk factors for kinesiophobia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have not been well characterized in the literature. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of postoperative kinesiophobia among patients undergoing TKA and to identify the associated risk factors. METHODS: The simplified Chinese version of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia, Knee Self-Efficacy Scale, Numerical Rating Scale, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire, and Social Support Rating Scale were used to measure kinesiophobia, self-efficacy, pain intensity, coping styles and social support, respectively...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776383/escalate-adaptive-treatment-approach-for-adolescents-and-adults-with-adhd-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Toivo Zinnow, Tobias Banaschewski, Andreas J Fallgatter, Carolin Jenkner, Florence Philipp-Wiegmann, Alexandra Philipsen, Wolfgang Retz, Esther Sobanski, Johannes Thome, Michael Rösler
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, a wide range of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment approaches for adults, including both pharmacological interventions and psychosocial treatments, have been proposed and observed to be efficient. In practice, individual treatment concepts are based on results of clinical studies as well as international guidelines (NICE Guidelines) that recommend a step-by-step treatment approach. Since the evidence supporting this approach is limited, the aim of the present study is to determine an optimal intervention regarding severity levels of ADHD symptomatology conducting a randomized controlled trial...
May 18, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776349/randomised-controlled-trial-rct-of-cannabinoid-replacement-therapy-nabiximols-for-the-management-of-treatment-resistant-cannabis-dependent-patients-a-study-protocol
#5
Anjali K Bhardwaj, David J Allsop, Jan Copeland, Iain S McGregor, Adrian Dunlop, Marian Shanahan, Raimondo Bruno, Nghi Phung, Mark Montebello, Craig Sadler, Jessica Gugusheff, Melissa Jackson, Jennifer Luksza, Nicholas Lintzeris
BACKGROUND: The cannabis extract nabiximols (Sativex®) effectively supresses withdrawal symptoms and cravings in treatment resistant cannabis dependent individuals, who have high relapse rates following conventional withdrawal treatments. This study examines the efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of longer-term nabiximols treatment for outpatient cannabis dependent patients who have not responded to previous conventional treatment approaches. METHODS/DESIGN: A phase III multi-site outpatient, randomised, double-blinded, placebo controlled parallel design, comparing a 12-week course of nabiximols to placebo, with follow up at 24 weeks after enrolment...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776004/knowledge-and-health-beliefs-about-gestational-diabetes-and-healthy-pregnancy-s-breastfeeding-intention
#6
Seungmi Park, Jung Lim Lee, Jang In Sun, Youngji Kim
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: If the knowledge and health beliefs relating to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy are associated with behaviours during pregnancy and lactation, this suggests potential educational interventions. BACKGROUNDS: Women with GDM are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and babies with GDM incur increased risk of neonatal hypoglycaemia and childhood obesity. Breastfeeding is an effective way to improve maternal and lipid metabolism of gestational diabetes mothers, and to lower the risk of T2DM after birth, to prevent conception...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775491/effects-of-a-home-care-mobile-app-on-the-outcomes-of-discharged-patients-with-a-stoma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Qing-Qing Wang, Jing Zhao, Xiao-Rong Huo, Ling Wu, Li-Fang Yang, Ju-Yun Li, Jie Wang
AIMS: The aim of this study is to explore the effects of a home care mobile app on the outcomes of stoma patients who discharged from hospital. BACKGROUND: Patients with a newly formed stoma experience many difficulties after surgery. Mobile application (app) has the potential to help patients self-manage their diseases and adjust to the changes in their lives and is a convenient way to ensure the continuity of care. However, there is a lack of studies about the effects of a mobile app on the transitional care for improving discharged stoma-related health outcomes...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774562/simple-low-cost-group-counselling-programme-vs-treatment-as-usual-for-patients-with-newly-notified-occupational-hand-eczema-exploratory-analyses-of-effects-on-knowledge-behaviour-and-personal-resources-of-the-randomized-prevex-clinical-trial
#8
Maja H Fisker, Tove Agner, Jennifer A Sørensen, Søren G Vejlstrup, Jane Lindschou, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jens P Bonde, Niels E Ebbehøj
BACKGROUND: Sickness absence in hand eczema patients has been associated with stress rather than disease severity, indicating that personal aspects regarding hand eczema should be investigated further. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether patient education vs treatment as usual can influence behaviour and knowledge regarding skin protection and care, as well as personal resources, in patients with occupational hand eczema. METHODS: PREVEX is an individually randomized clinical trial investigating the 1-year effects of a simple, low-cost group-counselling programme vs treatment as usual for patients with notified occupational hand eczema...
May 17, 2018: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774519/zika-virus-baculovirus-expressed-virus-like-particles-induce-neutralizing-antibodies-in-mice
#9
Shiyu Dai, Tao Zhang, Yanfang Zhang, Hualin Wang, Fei Deng
The newly emerged mosquito-borne Zika virus (ZIKV) strains pose a global challenge owing to its ability to cause microcephaly and neurological disorders. Several ZIKV vaccine candidates have been proposed, including inactivated and live attenuated virus vaccines, vector-based vaccines, DNA and RNA vaccines. These have been shown to be efficacious in preclinical studies in mice and nonhuman primates, but their use will potentially be a threat to immunocompromised individuals and pregnant women. Virus-like particles (VLPs) are empty particles composed merely of viral proteins, which can serve as a safe and valuable tool for clinical prevention and treatment strategies...
May 17, 2018: Virologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773539/effectiveness-of-text-message-based-diabetes-self-management-support-programme-sms4bg-two-arm-parallel-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Rosie Dobson, Robyn Whittaker, Yannan Jiang, Ralph Maddison, Matthew Shepherd, Catherine McNamara, Richard Cutfield, Manish Khanolkar, Rinki Murphy
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a theoretically based and individually tailored, text message based, diabetes self management support intervention (SMS4BG) in adults with poorly controlled diabetes. DESIGN: Nine month, two arm, parallel randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Primary and secondary healthcare services in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: 366 participants aged 16 years and over with poorly controlled type 1 or type 2 diabetes (HbA1c ≥65 mmol/mol or 8%) randomised between June 2015 and November 2016 (n=183 intervention, n=183 control)...
May 17, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773516/lymphoedema-management-to-prevent-acute-dermatolymphangioadenitis-in-podoconiosis-in-northern-ethiopia-golbet-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Henok Negussie, Meseret Molla, Moses Ngari, James A Berkley, Esther Kivaya, Patricia Njuguna, Greg Fegan, Abreham Tamiru, Abebe Kelemework, Trudie Lang, Melanie J Newport, Andy McKay, Fikre Enquoselassie, Gail Davey
BACKGROUND: Podoconiosis (also known as endemic, non-filarial elephantiasis) affects about 4 million subsistence farmers in tropical Africa. Poor awareness of the condition and inadequate evidence for the efficacy of treatment mean that no government in an endemic country yet offers lymphoedema management for patients with podoconiosis. Among patients with filarial lymphoedema, trials suggest that limb care is effective in reducing the most disabling sequelae: episodes of acute dermatolymphangioadenitis...
May 14, 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773490/addressing-parents-vaccine-concerns-a-randomized-trial-of-a-social-media-intervention
#12
Matthew F Daley, Komal J Narwaney, Jo Ann Shoup, Nicole M Wagner, Jason M Glanz
INTRODUCTION: Successful strategies are needed to address parental vaccine hesitancy, a significant public health issue. The study objective was to assess whether an Internet-based platform with vaccine information and interactive social media components improved parents' vaccine-related attitudes. STUDY DESIGN: A three-arm RCT. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: The study was conducted in a large Colorado integrated healthcare organization. Parents were enrolled during September 2013 through October 2015 and followed through November 2016; data were analyzed in 2017...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772607/mechanisms-and-drivers-of-social-inequality-in-phase-ii-cardiac-rehabilitation-attendance-a-convergent-mixed-methods-study
#13
Maria Pedersen, Dorthe Overgaard, Ingelise Andersen, Marie Baastrup, Ingrid Egerod
AIM: To explore the extent to which the qualitative and quantitative data converge and explain mechanisms and drivers of social inequality in cardiac rehabilitation attendance. BACKGROUND: Social inequality in cardiac rehabilitation attendance has been a recognized problem for many years. However, to date the mechanisms driving these inequalities are still not fully understood. DESIGN: The study was designed as a convergent mixed methods study...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772351/a-couple-based-communication-intervention-for-hematopoietic-cell-transplant-survivors-and-their-caregiving-partners-feasibility-acceptability-and-change-in-process-measures
#14
Shelby Langer, Laura Porter, Joan Romano, Michael Todd, Stephanie Lee
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) poses significant challenges for recipients and their caregiving partners. Couples may refrain from talking about treatment-related fears and concerns in order to minimize distress. This single-group, pre-post study examined feasibility and acceptability of an intervention designed to optimize communication between HCT patients and partners; it also assessed change in process measures. Couples met with a therapist five times to learn skills for disclosing illness-related thoughts and feelings and responding supportively to one another...
May 14, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771217/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-mindfulness-and-hypnosis-as-treatment-methods-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#15
Carolyn Daitch
Individuals suffering from generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) experience a broad range of physical, emotional, and cognitive distress. A hallmark of GAD is anxiety around making decisions. Many clinicians notice improvements in patients through specific modalities, such as mindfulness, hypnosis, and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT); however, these individual methods sometimes fall short. Clinicians and researchers alike note that it can be more effective to combine these three methods into an integrative treatment protocol...
July 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771151/keep-doing-the-good-work-impact-of-coworker-and-community-support-on-continuation-of-breastfeeding
#16
Jie Zhuang, Mary Jiang Bresnahan, Xiaodi Yan, Yi Zhu, Joanne Goldbort, Elizabeth Bogdan-Lovis
Returning to work poses a challenge to new mothers' breastfeeding success during the first 6 months postpartum. While previous research has shown that breastfeeding-related workplace policy plays a significant role in women's decision to continue breastfeeding, the extent to which interpersonal factors such as coworkers' (lack of) support and stigma affect women's breastfeeding behavior is less understood. Through a cross-sectional survey with 500 working mothers, this research found that female coworker support of other women played an important role in affecting mothers' decision to continue breastfeeding after returning to work and contributed to breastfeeding self-efficacy...
May 17, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771077/-observation-of-flupentixol-and-melitracen-on-curative-effect-of-sudden-deafness-patients-with-anxiety-and-depression-in-different-stages
#17
T Zhang, G D Yu
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of flupentixol melitracen on different stages of sudden deafness patients with anxiety and depression. Method: Totally one hundred and sixty-three sudden deafness patients with anxiety and depression were randomly divided into two groups: experimental group(81 cases) and control group (82 cases). All patients were given routine treatment for 2 weeks. The experimental group was given oral flupentixol melitracen (1 tablet/day)for a period of 3 months. The hearing, tinnitus effect and vertigo treatment course were observed and compared...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770560/how-nurses-restore-and-maintain-mobility-in-hospitalised-older-people-an-integrative-literature-review
#18
Stephanie Constantin, Sherry Dahlke
AIM: The aim of this integrative review of the literature was to evaluate and summarise current research about how nurses maintain and improve hospitalised older peoples' mobility levels. BACKGROUND: Older persons make up the majority of healthcare recipients, and they are at risk to experience significant decline in their mobility once hospitalised. This can result in longer hospitalisations or nursing home admissions. Currently, it is not well understood how nurses maintain and restore mobility of hospitalised older persons...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770542/the-effect-of-health-coaching-on-treatment-adherence-self-efficacy-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#19
Derya Tülüce, Sevinç Kutlutürkan
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of health coaching on respiratory functions, treatment adherence, self-efficacy, and quality of life in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. METHODS: This study was conducted as an experimental study with non-randomized control group in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease individuals. The study group included a total of 54 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients (27 patients both health coaching and control groups), was selected between 13 July 2016 and 2 July 2017...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770461/psychometric-properties-and-factor-structure-of-the-adapted-self-regulation-questionnaire-assessing-autonomous-and-controlled-motivation-for-healthful-eating-among-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-and-their-parents
#20
V Quick, L M Lipsky, T R Nansel
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine the psychometric properties of 2 adapted Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ) measures assessing youth with type 1 diabetes motivation internalization for healthful eating and their parents motivation internalization for providing healthy meals for the family. METHODS: External validity of the adapted SRQ was evaluated with respect to healthy eating attitudes (healthful eating self-efficacy, barriers, and outcome expectations) assessed by questionnaire, diet quality (Healthy Eating Index-2005 [HEI-2005]; Nutrient-Rich Foods Index 9...
May 16, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
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