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self-efficacy or self efficacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449479/early-results-of-the-sorin-%C3%A2-perceval-s-sutureless-valve-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Karan Sian, Sheila Li, Daneish Selvakumar, Ross Mejia
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive aortic valve replacement (MAVR) has demonstrated a benefit with respect to increased patient satisfaction due to minimised pain and earlier recovery. Sutureless valves may benefit MAVR and conventional aortic valve replacement (AVR) by reducing operative times and blood transfusion requirements. The Perceval valve (Sorin, Salluggia, Italy) is a self-expanding prosthesis made from bovine pericardium mounted in a nitinol stent, designed to simplify the implantation of an aortic valve...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448981/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-fully-covered-self-expandable-metallic-stent-in-benign-airway-stenosis
#2
Marc Fortin, Yves Lacasse, Xavier Elharrar, Rachid Tazi-Mezalek, Sophie Laroumagne, Julien Guinde, Philippe Astoul, Hervé Dutau
BACKGROUND: The use of self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) in benign airway disease was the object of a boxed warning from the United States Food and Drug Administration in 2005 due to the risk of stent-related complications and difficulties associated with their removal. Third-generation fully covered SEMS have been commercialized since this warning and theoretically should not present the same difficulties associated with removal as they cannot become embedded in the airway mucosa...
April 28, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448858/the-development-and-piloting-of-an-ehealth-breastfeeding-resource-targeting-fathers-and-partners-as-co-parents
#3
Jennifer Abbass-Dick, Fangli Xie, Jaymie Koroluk, Shelley Alcock Brillinger, Joanne Huizinga, Amber Newport, William M Goodman, Cindy-Lee Dennis
OBJECTIVE: Traditionally breastfeeding education programs target mothers solely. The objective of this study was to design and pilot test an interactive eHealth breastfeeding co-parenting resource developed to target both mothers and fathers. eHealth resources provide an accessible and engaging format on which to educate parents and assist them in meeting their breastfeeding goals. Best practices to design such resources are not currently known. DESIGN: A three phase pilot study was conducted...
April 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447924/the-effects-of-messages-about-the-causes-of-obesity-on-disciplinary-action-decisions-for-overweight-employees
#4
Meghan I H Lindeman, Amanda K Crandall, Lisa M Finkelstein
We investigated the impact of messages about the causes of obesity (controllable or uncontrollable) on the disciplinary action consequences selected for obese employees in response to a work-related mistake. Participants read about either the controllable or uncontrollable causes of obesity before reviewing an ostensible employee file that included a description of an employee mistake. Depending on condition, the file contained a photo of the employee that either depicted them as obese or average weight. Participants were more willing to withhold a raise or promotion from an obese employee than from an average-weight employee...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447807/developing-a-measure-to-assess-identity-reconstruction-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Lara M Stepleman, Rebecca M Floyd, Abbey Valvano-Kelley, Lauren Penwell-Waines, Sarah Wonn, Danielle Crethers, Rebecca Rahn, Suzanne Smith
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To develop and test initial validation of a theory-driven quantitative measure of identity reconstruction in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) based upon previous qualitative research. Research Method/Design: This study uses a cross-sectional survey design, in which 137 patients living with MS were recruited from an outpatient MS Center in the Southeastern U.S. Participants completed demographic items, Identity Reconstruction Assessment Scales (IRAS), Patient Determined Disease Steps, Medical Outcomes Study Measures of Patient Adherence, Chronic Disease Self-Efficacy Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Leeds MS Quality of Life Questionnaire, MS-Related Stigma Scale, and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory-Short Form...
April 27, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447545/effects-of-a-family-based-diabetes-intervention-on-behavioral-and-biological-outcomes-for-mexican-american-adults
#6
Marylyn Morris McEwen, Alice Pasvogel, Carolyn Murdaugh, Joseph Hepworth
Purpose The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of a family-based self-management support intervention for adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Methods Using a 2-group, experimental repeated measures design, 157 dyads (participant with T2DM and family member) were randomly assigned to an intervention (education, social support, home visits, and telephone calls) or a wait list control group. Data were collected at baseline, postintervention (3 months), and 6 months postintervention. A series of 2 × 3 repeated measures ANOVAs were used to test the hypotheses with interaction contrasts to assess immediate and sustained intervention effects...
April 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446735/the-intention-to-leave-among-nurses-the-role-of-job-satisfaction-self-efficacy-and-work-engagement
#7
Silvia De Simone, Anna Planta
INTRODUCTION: Retaining nursing staff within hospitals is essential to limit the negative impact of excessive voluntary turnover on the quality of care and organization costs. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to explain voluntary turnover in the nursing profession by analyzing the influence of job satisfaction and, in particular, self-efficacy and work engagement on turnover intention. METHODS: 210 nurses working in three hospitals in Southern Italy have completed a self-report questionnaire...
April 21, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446419/the-smartphone-peer-physical-activity-counseling-sppac-program-for-manual-wheelchair-users-protocol-of-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Krista L Best, François Routhier, Shane N Sweet, Kelly P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, Jaimie F Borisoff, Luc Noreau, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) must be performed regularly to accrue health benefits. However, the majority of manual wheelchair users do not meet PA recommendations. Existing community-based PA programs for manual wheelchair users appear to work, but effect sizes are small and retention is low. Existing PA programs may not fully implement some psychosocial factors that are strongly linked with PA (eg, autonomy). The use of peers and mobile phone technology in the Smartphone Peer PA Counseling (SPPAC) program represents a novel approach to cultivating a PA-supportive environment for manual wheelchair users...
April 26, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446229/expanding-protection-motivation-theory-investigating-an-application-to-animal-owners-and-emergency-responders-in-bushfire-emergencies
#9
Rachel Westcott, Kevin Ronan, Hilary Bambrick, Melanie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) was developed by Rogers in 1975, to describe how individuals are motivated to react in a self-protective way towards a perceived health threat. Rogers expected the use of PMT to diversify over time, which has proved true over four decades. The purpose of this paper is to explore how PMT can be used and expanded to inform and improve public safety strategies in natural hazards. As global climate change impacts on the Australian environment, natural hazards seem to be increasing in scale and frequency, and Emergency Services' public education campaigns have necessarily escalated to keep pace with perceived public threat...
April 26, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446141/a-mobile-application-of-breast-cancer-e-support-program-versus-routine-care-in-the-treatment-of-chinese-women-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-chemotherapy-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Jiemin Zhu, Lyn Ebert, Xiangyu Liu, Sally Wai-Chi Chan
BACKGROUND: Women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy suffer from a number of symptoms and report receiving inadequate support from health care professionals. Innovative and easily accessible interventions are lacking. Breast Cancer e-Support is a mobile Application program (App) that provides patients with individually tailored information and a support group of peers and health care professionals. Breast Cancer e-Support aims to promote women's self-efficacy, social support and symptom management, thus improving their quality of life and psychological well-being...
April 26, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445686/when-a-relationship-is-imperative-will-young-women-knowingly-place-their-sexual-health-at-risk-a-sample-of-african-american-adolescent-girls-in-the-juvenile-justice-system
#11
Jerris L Raiford, Puja Seth, Amy M Fasula, Ralph J DiClemente
Background: HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (HIV/STIs) are significant contributors to adolescent girls' morbidity in the US. Risks for HIV/STIs are increased among adolescent girls involved in the juvenile justice system, and African American adolescent girls comprise nearly 50% of adolescent girls in detention centres. Although HIV prevention programs focus on HIV/STI knowledge, increased knowledge may not be sufficient to reduce sexual risk. The present study examined the interactive effects of HIV/STI knowledge and the importance of being in a relationship (a relationship imperative) on sexual risk behaviours in a sample of detained African American adolescent girls...
April 27, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444897/aging-asexual-lineages-and-the-evolutionary-maintenance-of-sex
#12
E K H Ho, A F Agrawal
Finite populations of asexual and highly selfing species suffer from a reduced efficacy of selection. Such populations are thought to decline in fitness over time due to accumulating slightly deleterious mutations or failing to adapt to changing conditions. These within-population processes that lead non-recombining species to extinction may help maintain sex and outcrossing through species level selection. Although inefficient selection is proposed to elevate extinction rates over time, previous models of species selection for sex assumed constant diversification rates...
April 26, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444519/intention-to-enact-and-enactment-of-gatekeeper-behaviors-for-suicide-prevention-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#13
Shane T W Kuhlman, Susan E Walch, Kristina N Bauer, April D Glenn
Gatekeeper training for suicide prevention was evaluated on a college campus to examine the impact of training on gatekeeper enactment of behaviors in support of suicide prevention and identify predictors of enactment of gatekeeper behaviors. Trained gatekeepers (N = 216) displayed greater perceived knowledge and self-efficacy for suicide prevention and reported higher rates of self-reported actual gatekeeper behaviors, including inquiring about suicidal ideation and referring for mental health treatment when they encountered someone in distress, compared to their untrained counterparts (N = 169)...
April 25, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444378/how-efficient-is-apis-cerana-hymenoptera-apidae-in-pollinating-cabbage-brassica-oleracea-var-capitata-pollination-behavior-pollinator-effectiveness-pollinator-requirement-and-impact-of-pollination
#14
Johnson Stanley, Khushboo Sah, Avupati Rns Subbanna, G Preetha, JaiPrakash Gupta
Cabbage is a cross-pollinated crop because of sporophytic self-incompatibility, and honey bees play an important role in its pollination. Though Asian honey bees, Apis cerana F., are used in pollination of cabbage, the rate of visitation, behavior, pollinator efficacy, and impact on seed-set are to be determined. Apis cerana occupy a share of 19.18% of all the flower visitors of cabbage in natural habitat of North Western Indian Himalayas. Pollination behavior in terms of peak activity, flowers processed per unit time, time spent per flower, and time spent in search of flowers are studied separately for both pollen and nectar foragers...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444326/preclinical-evidence-that-5-ht1b-receptor-agonists-show-promise-as-medications-for-psychostimulant-use-disorders
#15
Raul Garcia, Austin R Cotter, Kenneth Leslie, M Foster Olive, Janet L Neisewander
Background: 5-HT1B receptor (5-HT1BR) agonists enhance cocaine intake during daily self-administration sessions, but decrease cocaine intake when tested after prolonged abstinence. We examined if 5-HT1BR agonists produce similar abstinence-dependent effects on methamphetamine intake. Methods: Male rats were trained to self-administer methamphetamine (0.1 mg/kg, IV) on low (FR5 and VR5) and high (progressive ratio; PR) effort schedules of reinforcement until intake was stable...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443370/interrelationships-between-health-behaviors-and-coping-strategies-among-informal-caregivers-of-cancer-survivors
#16
Kristin Litzelman, Erin E Kent, Julia H Rowland
BACKGROUND: Recent research among cancer survivors suggests that health behaviors and coping are intertwined, with important implications for positive behavior change and health. Informal caregivers may have poor health behaviors, and caregivers' health behaviors have been linked to those of survivors. AIMS: This hypothesis generating study assessed the correlations among health behaviors and coping strategies in a population of lung and colorectal cancer caregivers...
April 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443359/targeting-lrrk2-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-update-on-recent-developments
#17
Sharon L Chan, Eng-King Tan
LRRK2 research has progressed significantly in recent years with more reports of LRRK2 interactors and the development of more specific and sophisticated LRRK2 kinase inhibitors. Identification of bone fide LRRK2 substrates will provide new therapeutic targets in LRRK2-linked Parkinson's disease (PD). Areas covered: This review aims to put current LRRK2 research into perspective. Beginning with recent LRRK2 mammalian models employed for in vivo validation of LRRK2 substrates, followed by updates on reported LRRK2 interactors and their inferred mechanisms...
April 26, 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442756/crystal-structure-based-discovery-of-a-novel-synthesized-parp1-inhibitor-ol-1-with-apoptosis-inducing-mechanisms-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#18
Leilei Fu, Shuya Wang, Xuan Wang, Peiqi Wang, Yaxin Zheng, Dahong Yao, Mingrui Guo, Lan Zhang, Liang Ouyang
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1) is a highly conserved enzyme focused on the self-repair of cellular DNA damage. Until now, numbers of PARP inhibitors have been reported and used for breast cancer therapy in recent years, especially in TNBC. However, developing a new type PARP inhibitor with distinctive skeleton is alternatively promising strategy for TNBC therapy. In this study, based on co-crystallization studies and pharmacophore-docking-based virtual screening, we discovered a series of dihydrodibenzo[b,e]-oxepin compounds as PARP1 inhibitors...
December 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442453/clickotine-a-personalized-smartphone-app-for-smoking-cessation-initial-evaluation
#19
Brian M Iacoviello, Joshua R Steinerman, David B Klein, Theodore L Silver, Adam G Berger, Sean X Luo, Nicholas J Schork
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, and the annual economic burden attributable to smoking exceeds US $300 billion. Obstacles to smoking cessation include limited access and adherence to effective cessation interventions. Technology can help overcome these obstacles; many smartphone apps have been developed to aid smoking cessation, but few that conform to the US clinical practice guideline (USCPG) have been rigorously tested and reported in the literature...
April 25, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442452/homestyles-a-web-based-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-for-families-with-preschool-children-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Mallory Koenings, Virginia Quick, Nobuko Hongu, John Worobey
BACKGROUND: The home environment is where young children spend most of their time, and is critically important to supporting behaviors that promote health and prevent obesity. However, the home environment and lifestyle patterns remain understudied, and few interventions have investigated parent-led makeovers designed to create home environments that are supportive of optimal child health and healthy child weights. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the HomeStyles randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to determine whether the Web-based HomeStyles intervention enables and motivates parents to shape the weight-related aspects of their home environments and lifestyle behavioral practices (diet, exercise, and sleep) to be more supportive of their preschool children's optimal health and weight...
April 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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