keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

self-efficacy or self efficacy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150713/efficacy-of-silexan-in-subthreshold-anxiety-meta-analysis-of-randomised-placebo-controlled-trials
#1
Hans-Jürgen Möller, Hans-Peter Volz, Angelika Dienel, Sandra Schläfke, Siegfried Kasper
Subthreshold psychiatric disorders do not fully meet the diagnostic criteria of syndromal disorders but may be associated with comparable disability. To investigate the anxiolytic effect of Silexan, an active substance from lavender oil for oral administration, in patients with subthreshold anxiety, a meta-analysis that included all published trials with Silexan in this indication was performed. Three randomised, placebo-controlled trials in subthreshold anxiety disorders (anxiety disorder not otherwise specified, restlessness and agitation, mixed anxiety and depressive disorder) were included...
November 17, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150478/early-versus-late-application-of-subthalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-to-parkinson-s-disease-patients-with-motor-complications-elass-protocol-of-a-multicentre-prospective-and-observational-study
#2
Lulu Jiang, Wai Sang Poon, Elena Moro, Wenbiao Xian, Chao Yang, Xian Lun Zhu, Jing Gu, Xiaodong Cai, Jinlong Liu, Vincent Mok, Yanmei Liu, Shaohua Xu, Qiyu Guo, Wanru Chen, Ling Chen
INTRODUCTION: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is a well-established surgical treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). However, there is currently no consensus on the best timing for this surgery. The aim of our study is to compare the therapeutic efficacy of bilateral STN DBS in patients with PD with early and late motor complications. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: 200 patients with PD will be enrolled in this multicentre, prospective, observational study, and will be followed up for 4 years...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150400/changes-in-student-athletes-self-efficacy-for-making-healthful-food-choices-and-food-preparation-following-a-cooking-education-intervention
#3
Jenna Ellis, Katie Brown, Samantha Ramsay, Jeremy Falk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150394/efficacy-of-prostatic-artery-embolization-for-catheter-dependent-patients-with-large-prostate-sizes-and-high-comorbidity-scores
#4
Shivank Bhatia, Vishal K Sinha, Bruce R Kava, Christopher Gomez, Sardis Harward, Sanoj Punnen, Issam Kably, Jeffrey Miller, Dipen J Parekh
PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy and safety of prostate artery embolization (PAE) in urinary catheter-dependent patients with large prostate volumes and high comorbidity scores. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective single-center review was conducted of 30 patients with urinary retention at time of PAE from November 2014 through February 2017. Mean (range) age was 73.1 years (48-94 y), age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index was 4.5 (0-10), duration of urinary retention was 63...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150166/exercise-and-mental-health
#5
REVIEW
Kathleen Mikkelsen, Lily Stojanovska, Momir Polenakovic, Marijan Bosevski, Vasso Apostolopoulos
There is a growing body of literature that recognizes the positive effects of exercise on mood states such as anxiety, stress and depression, through physiological and biochemical mechanisms, including endorphins, mitochondria, mammalian target of rapamycin, neurotransmitters and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and via the thermogenic hypothesis. In addition, psychological mechanisms influence the effects of exercise on mood states, as suggested by both the distraction hypothesis and the self-efficacy hypothesis...
December 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150051/glutamate-is-down-regulated-and-tinnitus-loudness-levels-decreased-following-rtms-over-auditory-cortex-of-the-left-hemisphere-a-prospective-randomized-single-blinded-sham-controlled-cross-over-study
#6
Anthony T Cacace, Jiani Hu, Stephen Romero, Yang Xuan, Robert F Burkard, Richard S Tyler
Using a prospective randomized single-blinded sham-controlled cross-over design, we studied the efficacy of low frequency (1-Hz) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over auditory cortex of the left temporal lobe as an experimental treatment modality for noise-induced tinnitus. Pre/post outcome measures for sham vs. active rTMS conditions included differential changes in tinnitus loudness, self-perceived changes in the Tinnitus Handicap Questionnaire (THQ), and neurochemical changes of brain metabolite concentrations using single voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) obtained from left and right auditory cortical areas...
November 14, 2017: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149878/assessing-the-delivery-of-alcohol-screening-and-brief-intervention-in-sexual-health-clinics-in-the-north-east-of-england
#7
C Sullivan, N Martin, C White, D Newbury-Birch
BACKGROUND: Risky drinking is associated with risky sexual experiences, however the relationship between alcohol and sex is complex. The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility of delivering alcohol screening and brief interventions in genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics. The objectives were to; understand the levels of alcohol use amongst patients; report on the number of alcohol interventions delivered; and to analyse the relationship between alcohol use with demographic data as well as diagnosed sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to see if there were any associations...
November 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149720/a-robust-strategy-for-preparation-of-sequential-stimuli-responsive-block-copolymer-prodrugs-via-thiolactone-chemistry-to-overcome-multiple-anticancer-drug-delivery-barriers
#8
Wendong Ke, Wei Yin, Zengshi Zha, Jean Felix Mukerabigwi, Weijian Chen, Yuheng Wang, Chuanxin He, Zhishen Ge
Block copolymer prodrugs (BCPs) have attracted considerable attentions in clinical translation of nanomedicine owing to their self-assembly into well-defined core-shell nanoparticles for improved pharmacokinetics, stability in blood circulation without drug leakage, and optimized biodistribution. However, a cascade of physiological barriers against specific delivery of drugs into tumor cells limit the final therapeutic efficacy. Herein, we report a robust and facile strategy based on thiolactone chemistry to fabricate well-defined BCPs with sequential tumor pH-promoted cellular internalization and intracellular stimuli-responsive drug release...
November 9, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149653/prevalence-of-internet-addiction-and-its-risk-and-protective-factors-in-a-representative-sample-of-senior-high-school-students-in-taiwan
#9
Min-Pei Lin, Jo Yung-Wei Wu, Jianing You, Wei-Hsuan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
The aim of this study investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) in a large representative sample of secondary school students and identified the risk and protective factors. Using a crosssectional design, 2170 participants were recruited from senior high schools throughout Taiwan using both stratified and cluster sampling. The prevalence of IA was 17.4% (95% confidence interval, 15.8%-19.0%). High impulsivity, low refusal self-efficacy of Internet use, high positive outcome expectancy of Internet use, high disapproving attitude of Internet use by others, depressive symptoms, low subjective well-being, high frequency of others' invitation to Internet use, and high virtual social support was all independently predictive in the logistic regression analysis...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149381/substantial-improvement-in-hba1c-following-a-treatment-and-teaching-programme-for-people-with-type-2-diabetes-on-conventional-insulin-therapy-in-an-in-and-outpatient-setting
#10
Nadine Kuniss, Ulrich A Müller, Christof Kloos, Regina Müller, Gerd Starrach, Viktor Jörgens, Guido Kramer
AIMS: The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of a patient education programme (DTTP) for the optimisation of conventional insulin therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes in an in- and outpatient setting. METHODS: The study was designed as a prospective, longitudinal trial. Thirty-three people with diabetes (females 54.5%, age 61.0 years, diabetes duration 12.7 years, HbA1c 9.3%) from ten general practices in Thuringia (outpatient group) participated in a DTTP for conventional insulin therapy...
November 17, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149141/music-induced-analgesia-in-chronic-pain-conditions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Eduardo A Garza-Villarreal, Victor Pando, Peter Vuust, Christine Parsons
BACKGROUND: Music is increasingly used as an adjuvant for the management of chronic pain (CP), as it is non-invasive, inexpensive, and patients usually report positive experiences with it. However, little is known about its clinical efficacy in chronic pain patients. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the effect of music as an adjuvant for chronic pain, as well as to identify characteristics of music interventions associated with positive clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we investigated randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of adult patients that reported any type of music intervention for chronic pain, chosen by the researcher or patient, lasting for any duration...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149118/perceived-self-efficacy-a-concept-analysis-for-symptom-management-in-patients-with-cancer%C3%A2
#12
Lynn L White, Marlene Z Cohen, Ann M Berger, Kevin A Kupzyk, Barbara A Swore-Fletcher, Philip J Bierman
BACKGROUND: Perceived self-efficacy (PSE) for symptom management plays a key role in outcomes for patients with cancer, such as quality of life, functional status, symptom distress, and healthcare use. Definition of the concept is necessary for use in research and to guide the development of interventions to facilitate PSE for symptom management in patients with cancer.
. OBJECTIVES: This analysis will describe the concept of PSE for symptom management in patients with cancer...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149064/who-participates-in-the-great-shakeout-why-audience-segmentation-is-the-future-of-disaster-preparedness-campaigns
#13
Rachel M Adams, Beth Karlin, David P Eisenman, Johanna Blakley, Deborah Glik
Background: In 2008, the Southern California Earthquake Center in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program launched the first annual Great ShakeOut, the largest earthquake preparedness drill in the history of the United States. Materials and Methods: We collected online survey data from 2052 campaign registrants to assess how people participated, whether audience segments shared behavioral patterns, and whether these segments were associated with five social cognitive factors targeted by the ShakeOut campaign...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148826/engagement-in-the-overdose-risk-information-orion-e-health-tool-for-opioid-overdose-prevention-and-self-efficacy-a-preliminary-study
#14
Giuseppe Carrà, Cristina Crocamo, Gerald Humphris, Tommaso Tabacchi, Francesco Bartoli, Julia Neufeind, Norbert Scherbaum, Alexander Baldacchino
Increasing awareness of, and information about, overdose risk is an appropriate approach in risk reduction. e-Health technology in substance use disorders is an opportunity to support behavioral changes related to public health concerns. The present study aimed to evaluate the short-term impact of an innovative e-health psychoeducational software, the Overdose RIsk InfOrmatioN (ORION) tool. The ORION programme provided relevant information to opioid-dependent individuals about the risk of suffering a drug overdose as a result of high risky and dysfunctional behaviors...
November 17, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148114/on-the-character-and-production-of-active-participation-in-neuro-rehabilitation-an-actor-network-perspective
#15
Simon Horton, Kathryn Mares, Neil Coull, Fiona Poland
The importance of patients' active involvement in neuro-rehabilitation after acquired brain injury has been consistently emphasised in recent years. However, most approaches fail to show how 'active participation' is practically enacted, focusing on individualised explanations of patient choice and behaviours, or notions of inherent patient traits. Using actor-network theory (ANT) as a sensitising concept, we investigated neuro-rehabilitation practices, asking how participation is shaped through biological and socio-material specificities, how rights to knowledge and expertise are constructed, and how a body acclimatises and adjusts within an order of participation and transformation...
November 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148074/salutogenic-healthy-aging-programme-embracement-shape-for-senior-only-households-a-study-protocol
#16
Betsy Seah, Yanika Kowitlawakul, Srinivasan Chokkanathan, Jeane Jin Yi Fong, Geir Arild Espnes, Emily Ang, Wenru Wang
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-dimensional community-based health promotion and risk prevention program, named Salutogenic Healthy Aging Program Embracement (SHAPE) for senior-only households in Singapore. BACKGROUND: In view of aging population and its significant impacts on economy, societal structure and policy-making, healthy aging emerges as an important concept in maintaining health through the engagement of health-promoting behaviour and risk-prevention actions in older people...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147877/efficacy-and-safety-of-fully-covered-self-expanding-metal-stents-for-malignant-esophageal-obstruction
#17
Hoonsub So, Ji Yong Ahn, Seungbong Han, Kyoungwon Jung, Hee Kyong Na, Jeong Hoon Lee, Kee Wook Jeong, Do Hoon Kim, Kee Don Choi, Ho June Song, Gin Hyug Lee, Hwoon-Yong Jung
BACKGROUND: Malignant dysphagia can result in poor nutritional status with severe weight loss. Rapid relief from dysphagia can be achieved with esophageal self-expanding metal stents (SEMSs), a minimally invasive method. In this study, we evaluated the usefulness of SEMSs for malignant dysphagia. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, 119 patients with malignant dysphagia underwent esophageal SEMS insertion with endoscopic assistance. Their demographics and clinical outcomes were collected...
November 17, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147469/non-pharmacologic-interventions-to-improve-sleep-of-medicine-inpatients-a-controlled-study
#18
Selina Dobing, Anita Dey, Finlay McAlister, Jennifer Ringrose
Background: Sleep quality in hospitalized medicine patients is poor, with environmental factors among the most frequently cited reasons. Objective: We tested the efficacy of a non-pharmacologic intervention on the sleep quality of medicine inpatients. Design/Methods: A controlled study to evaluate our non-pharmacologic multidisciplinary 'TUCK-in' protocol (which includes timed lights-off periods, minimizing night-time noise, distribution of earplugs at bedtime, cued toileting before bedtime, and identification and reduction of modifiable interruptions) was deployed on two of five identical medicine wards...
2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146660/changing-physical-activity-behaviour-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial-istep-ms
#19
Jennifer M Ryan, Jennifer Fortune, Andrea Stennett, Cherry Kilbride, Nana Anokye, Christina Victor, Wendy Hendrie, Mohamed Abdul, Lorraine DeSouza, Grace Lavelle, Debbie Brewin, Lee David, Meriel Norris
INTRODUCTION: Although physical activity may reduce disease burden, fatigue and disability, and improve quality of life among people with multiple sclerosis (MS), many people with MS are physically inactive and spend significant time in sedentary behaviour. Behaviour change interventions may assist people with MS to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour. However, few studies have investigated their effectiveness using objective measures of physical activity, particularly in the long term...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146566/improving-transition-to-employment-for-youth-with-physical-disabilities-protocol-for-a-peer-electronic-mentoring-intervention
#20
Sally Lindsay, Jennifer Stinson, Mary Stergiou-Kita, Joanne Leck
BACKGROUND: Although youth with disabilities have much to gain from employment readiness programs, they are often excluded from or have limited access to vocational programs. One encouraging approach to address gaps in vocational programming is through peer electronic mentoring (e-mentoring), which may facilitate a smoother transition to adulthood by offering support to enhance coping skills. Despite the increase in online communities, little is known about their impact on vocational mentoring for youth with physical disabilities and their parents...
November 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
keyword
keyword
82820
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"