Read by QxMD icon Read

Meniscal root repair

Andrew R Palisch, Ronald R Winters, Marc H Willis, Collin D Bray, Theodore B Shybut
The menisci play an important biomechanical role in axial load distribution of the knees by means of hoop strength, which is contingent on intact circumferentially oriented collagen fibers and meniscal root attachments. Disruption of the meniscal root attachments leads to altered biomechanics, resulting in progressive cartilage loss, osteoarthritis, and subchondral edema, with the potential for development of a subchondral insufficiency fracture. Identification of meniscal root tears at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is crucial because new arthroscopic surgical techniques (transtibial pullout repair) have been developed to repair meniscal root tears and preserve the tibiofemoral cartilage of the knee...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Y Kodama, T Furumatsu, M Fujii, T Tanaka, S Miyazawa, T Ozaki
A medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) may increase the tibiofemoral contact pressure by decreasing the tibiofemoral contact area. Meniscal dysfunction induced by posterior root injury may lead to the development of osteoarthritic knees. Repair of a MMPRT can restore medial meniscus (MM) function and prevent knee osteoarthritis progression. Several surgical procedures have been reported for treating a MMPRT. However, these procedures are associated with several technical difficulties. Here, we describe a technique to stabilize a torn MM posterior root using the FasT-Fix(®) all-inside meniscal suture device and a new aiming device...
August 23, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Philipp Forkel, Peter Foehr, Johannes C Meyer, Elmar Herbst, Wolf Petersen, Peter U Brucker, Rainer Burgkart, Andreas B Imhoff
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to biomechanically compare three different posterior meniscal root repair techniques. Transtibial fixation of a posterior meniscus root tear (PMRT) combined with an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction via one tunnel only shows similar properties in terms of cyclic loading and load to failure compared with direct anchor fixation. METHODS: Twenty-eight porcine knees were randomly assigned to 4 groups (n = 7 each): (1) native posterior meniscal root, (2) suture anchor repair, (3) refixation via a tibial ACL tunnel in combination with an interference screw fixation of the ACL graft, and (4) refixation via a tibial ACL tunnel in combination with an interference screw fixation of the ACL graft with an additional extracortical button fixation...
July 11, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Jorge Chahla, Samuel G Moulton, Christopher M LaPrade, Chase S Dean, Robert F LaPrade
Meniscal root tears are increasingly recognized as an important pathology. Failure to recognize this pathology could lead to early onset osteoarthritis of the ipsilateral knee joint compartment similar to a total meniscectomy. Therefore, surgical treatment is necessary to restore meniscal function and to normalize contact pressures, when there is joint overload and sufficient remaining articular cartilage. This article details our anatomic posterior root repair procedure using a transtibial double tunnel pullout technique...
April 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Gilbert Moatshe, Jorge Chahla, Erik Slette, Lars Engebretsen, Robert F Laprade
- Meniscal root tears (MRTs) are defined as radial tears within 1 cm of the meniscal root insertion, or an avulsion of the insertion of the meniscus. These injuries change joint loading due to failure of the meniscus to convert axial loads into hoop stresses, resulting in joint overloading and degenerative changes in the knee. Meniscal root repair is recommended in patients without advanced osteoarthritis (Outerbridge 3-4), in order to restore joint congruence and loading and therefore to avoid the long-term effect of joint overloading...
October 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
Chad D Lavender, Shane R Hanzlik, Paul E Caldwell, Sara E Pearson
Medial meniscal tears are among the most common injuries to the knee joint. Loss of the meniscus has been linked to increased contact pressures on the adjacent articular cartilage and progression of degenerative changes in the knee. A subset of tears known as "root tears" involves the insertion of the posterior horn of the meniscus to the bone. Arthroscopic partial meniscectomy for root tears led to undesirable outcomes, which prompted surgeons to explore restorative procedures. Multiple repair techniques have been presented with an emphasis placed on initial secure fixation and stimulation of potential healing...
December 2015: Arthroscopy Techniques
Young-Mo Kim, Yong-Bum Joo, Chang-Kyun Noh, Il-Young Park
PURPOSE: There are few studies on biomechanical evaluation of suture points in repair of root tears. The purpose of this study was to determine the point of greatest pullout strength for root tear repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 fresh porcine medial menisci were obtained. The red-red and red-white zones of the meniscus were divided by two lines designated as lines A and B (groups A and B). Groups A and B were further divided into three groups each by dividing lines A and B into three points: 3, 5, and 7 mm from the meniscal ligament root insertion...
June 2016: Knee Surgery & related Research
Takashi Soejima, Kousuke Tabuchi, Kouji Noguchi, Takashi Inoue, Michihiro Katouda, Hidetaka Murakami, Shuji Horibe
There is controversy about the treatment for unstable full radial posterior lateral meniscus tears, particularly that involving the posterior root. Some surgeons have advocated repairing these types of meniscus tears using various techniques, but their methods are somewhat technical. We developed the technique for an all-inside repair for full radial posterior lateral meniscus tears using the Meniscal Viper (Arthrex, Naples, FL). A doubled thread is passed through 1 edge of the radial tear by the Meniscal Viper and is kept in place without tying the knot...
February 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
Grant Rowland, Damon Mar, Terence McIff, Joshua Nelson
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound techniques have been utilized for detection of discrete meniscus tears and extrusion. Meniscal extrusion is associated with increased contact pressure and decreased contact area contributing to the advancement of knee osteoarthritis. The purpose of this biomechanical study was to detect meniscal extrusion using a clinically available, portable ultrasound device. And further, to show that extent of injury and a weight-bearing state correlate with amount of extrusion...
August 2016: Knee
David B Doherty, Walter R Lowe
Intact menisci are capable of converting the axial load of tibiofemoral contact into hoop stress that protects the knee joint. Total meniscectomy leads to rapid degeneration of the knee. Strong clinical and biomechanical data show meniscal root tears and avulsions are the functional equivalent of total meniscectomy. Lateral root tears commonly occur with knee ligament sprains and tears. Medial root tears are generally more chronic, and can be caused by preexisting knee arthritis. Meniscal root repair is indicated when there is identification of a meniscal root tear in a knee with minimal to no arthritis...
March 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Jie-Wei Shen, Guan-Yang Song, Hui Zhang, Qian-Qian Wang, Jin Zhang, Yue Li, Hua Feng
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of lateral meniscal extrusion for patients with posterior lateral meniscal root lesions (PLMRLs) and for those with concomitant midbody radial tears (MRTs) in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. METHODS: A database of consecutive patients undergoing primary ACL reconstruction between 2011 and 2013 was retrospectively reviewed to identify patients with isolated ACL injuries and those with associated PLMRLs. Patients with (1) unavailable preoperative magnetic resonance imaging scans, (2) other concomitant ligamentous injuries, (3) severe degeneration or malalignment, (4) infection or tumor, or (5) history of surgery on the injured side were excluded...
May 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
L Osti, A Del Buono, N Maffulli
BACKGROUND: Management of tears of the anterior and posterior roots of the meniscus is still controversial. We wish to propose a simple technique of suture anchor to repair tears of the anterior root of the medial meniscus. METHODS: Twelve patients, active males, underwent arthroscopic repair of the anterior meniscal horn between 2009 and 2011. All were assessed postoperatively at an average follow-up of 1 year after the index operation. RESULTS: At the last appointment, the average Lysholm scores was improved from a pre-operative average value of 48±17 to a postoperative value of 91±7 (P<0...
May 2015: Translational Medicine @ UniSa
Kyu Sung Chung, Jeong Ku Ha, Ho Jong Ra, Jin Goo Kim
PURPOSE: Although interest in medial meniscus posterior root tear (MMPRT) repair has increased, few case series have been reported. This meta-analysis aimed to examine the clinical and radiological effects of MMPRT repair by pooling pre- and post-operative data from case-series reports. METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE/PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and EMBASE databases. Pre- and post-operative data were pooled to investigate the effects of MMPRT repair, including the Lysholm score improvement, meniscal extrusion (mm) reduction, progression of the Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grade, and cartilage status according to the Outerbridge classification...
May 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
James H Lubowitz
Indications for meniscal root avulsion repair require refinement because current results show failure or extrusion in more than one-third of patients, and long-term follow-up is required before concluding that saving the meniscus results in osteoarthritis prevention.
September 2015: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Davide Edoardo Bonasia, Pietro Pellegrino, Andrea D'Amelio, Umberto Cottino, Roberto Rossi
The integrity of the meniscal root insertions is fundamental to preserve correct knee kinematics and avoid degenerative changes of the knee. Injuries to the meniscal attachments can lead to meniscal extrusion, decreased contact surface, increased cartilage stress, and ultimately articular degeneration. Recent and well designed studies have clarified the anatomy and biomechanics of the medial and lateral meniscal roots. Although the treatment of meniscal root tears is still controversial, many different techniques have been described for root repair...
June 3, 2015: Orthopedic Reviews
Andrew G Geeslin, David Civitarese, Travis Lee Turnbull, Grant J Dornan, Fernando A Fuso, Robert F LaPrade
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of lateral meniscal posterior root avulsions combined with intact meniscofemoral ligaments (MFLs), deficient MFLs, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears and reconstructions, and root repairs using an established tibiofemoral contact mechanics testing protocol. METHODS: Ten fresh-frozen cadaveric knees were tested with six knee conditions (1: intact; 2: lateral meniscal posterior root avulsion; 3: root avulsion and deficient MFLs; 4: condition 3 with ACL tear; 5: condition 4 with ACL reconstruction; 6: ACL reconstruction with root repair) at five flexion angles (0°, 30°, 45°, 60°, and 90°), under a 1000-N axial load...
May 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Adrián Cuéllar, Ricardo Cuéllar, Asier Cuéllar, Ignacio Garcia-Alonso, Miguel Angel Ruiz-Ibán
PURPOSE: To evaluate if different knee flexion angles can modify the neurovascular injury risk during lateral meniscus repair. METHODS: Twenty cadaveric knees were studied. An all-inside suture device (FasT-Fix; Smith & Nephew, Andover, MA) was placed at the posterior horn and at the medial and lateral limits of the popliteal hiatus. The minimal distances between the device and the popliteal artery and peroneal nerve were measured with the knee at 90°, 45°, and 0° of flexion through a limited posterolateral arthrotomy...
November 2015: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Matthias J Feucht, Jan Kühle, Gerrit Bode, Julian Mehl, Hagen Schmal, Norbert P Südkamp, Philipp Niemeyer
PURPOSE: To systematically review the results of arthroscopic transtibial pullout repair (ATPR) for posterior medial meniscus root tears. METHODS: A systematic electronic search of the PubMed database and the Cochrane Library was performed in September 2014 to identify studies that reported clinical, radiographic, or second-look arthroscopic outcomes of ATPR for posterior medial meniscus root tears. Included studies were abstracted regarding study characteristics, patient demographic characteristics, surgical technique, rehabilitation, and outcome measures...
September 2015: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Matthias J Feucht, Sebastian Bigdon, Gerrit Bode, Gian M Salzmann, David Dovi-Akue, Norbert P Südkamp, Philipp Niemeyer
BACKGROUND: The pattern of lateral meniscus tears observed in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-injured subjects varies greatly and determines subsequent management. Certain tear patterns with major biomechanical consequences should be repaired in a timely manner. Knowledge about risk factors for such tears may help to identify patients in the early posttraumatic phase and subsequently may improve clinical results. METHODS: A database of 268 patients undergoing primary ACL reconstruction was used to identify all patients with isolated ACL tears and patients with an associated tear of the lateral meniscus...
2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Robert F LaPrade, Christopher M LaPrade, Evan W James
Posterior root avulsions of the medial and lateral menisci result in decreased areas of tibiofemoral contact and increased tibiofemoral contact pressures. These avulsions may lead to the development of osteoarthritis. Therefore, two surgical techniques, the transtibial pullout repair and the suture anchor repair, have recently been developed to restore the native structure and function of the meniscal root attachment. Compared with the historical alternative of partial or total meniscectomy, these techniques allow for meniscal preservation and anatomic reduction of the meniscal roots, with the goal of preventing the development and progression of osteoarthritis...
February 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"