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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678363/congenital-lingual-artery-aneurysm-as-an-unusual-cause-of-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#1
M M Ramírez-Ramírez, U E Clemente-Gutiérrez, M Silva-González, H M Zúñiga-Zamora, A R Sánchez-Conejo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673583/novel-artificial-stool-material-for-external-quality-assurance-eqa-on-a-fecal-immunochemical-test-for-hemoglobin-fit-the-confirmed-utility-of-stable-hemoglobin-and-an-internal-standard-material
#2
Ryota Yasui, Miyu Yamada, Shizuka Takehara, Ikunosuke Sakurabayashi, Katsunori Watanabe
The fecal immunochemical test for hemoglobin (FIT), which detects lower gastrointestinal bleeding, is widely accepted for population-based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programs. However, the FIT screening process has not been standardized yet, and standardizing the pre-analytical phase and establishing an external quality assurance (EQA) program compliant with ISO requirements is urgently needed. Although there have been various attempts to establish EQA materials suitable for FIT, no materials have yet been reported to have sufficient uniformity and acceptable immunochemical stability of hemoglobin (Hb)...
April 16, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672294/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-choledocho-enterostomy-by-using-lumen-apposing-metal-stent-in-patients-with-failed-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-a-literature-review
#3
Deepanshu Jain, Manan Shah, Upen Patel, Abhinav Sharma, Shashideep Singhal
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been the cornerstone in the management of malignant jaundice to provide symptomatic relief and/or to allow chemotherapy. Difficult biliary cannulation or the presence of concomitant duodenal obstruction may lead to its failure. METHOD: An extensive English literature search was done via PubMed and Google Scholar to identify 13 peer-reviewed original articles. RESULTS: Of 92 patients, 98...
April 19, 2018: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671413/non-variceal-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#4
REVIEW
Angel Lanas, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Richard H Hunt, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro, James M Scheiman, Ian M Gralnek, Helen E Campbell, Alaa Rostom, Càndid Villanueva, Joseph J Y Sung
Non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) is bleeding that develops in the oesophagus, stomach or proximal duodenum. Peptic ulcers, caused by Helicobacter pylori infection or use of NSAIDs and low-dose aspirin (LDA), are the most common cause. Although the incidence and mortality associated with NVUGIB have been decreasing owing to considerable advances in the prevention and management of NVUGIB over the past 20 years, it remains a common clinical problem with an annual incidence of ∼67 per 100,000 individuals in the United States in 2012...
April 19, 2018: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671058/transcatheter-arterial-embolization-for-bleeding-peptic-ulcers-a-multicenter-study
#5
Stavros Spiliopoulos, Riccardo Inchingolo, Pierleone Lucatelli, Roberto Iezzi, Athanasios Diamantopoulos, Alessandro Posa, Bryan Barry, Carmelo Ricci, Marco Cini, Chrysostomos Konstantos, Konstantinos Palialexis, Lazaros Reppas, Artemis Trikola, Michele Nardella, Andreas Adam, Elias Brountzos
PURPOSE: To investigate the outcomes of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for the treatment of peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective, multicenter study, which investigated all patients who underwent TAE for the treatment of severe upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage from peptic ulcers in five European centers, between January 1, 2012 and May 1, 2017. All patients had undergone failed endoscopic hemostasis. Forty-four patients (male; mean age 74...
April 18, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671011/-rectal-bleeding-in-a-60-year-old-woman-under-anticoagulation-and-platelet-aggregation-inhibition
#6
J Pohlan, N Willamowski, C Jürgensen, E Zimmermann, M Möckel
CASE REPORT: We report on a woman with lower gastrointestinal bleeding under effective oral anticoagulation with both phenprocoumon and apixaban (with intention to switch to the latter) as well as the antiplatelet agent acetylsalicylic acid for aortic bifurcation kissing stents after stent thrombosis. Our patient presented with weakness and rectal bleeding. Upon examination, she looked anemic and had sinus tachycardia (104 beats per minute). The digital rectal examination revealed bright red blood mixed with clots...
April 18, 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669540/predictive-values-of-upper-gastrointestinal-cancer-alarm-symptoms-in-the-general-population-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#7
Sanne Rasmussen, Peter Fentz Haastrup, Kirubakaran Balasubramaniam, René DePont Christensen, Jens Søndergaard, Dorte Ejg Jarbøl
BACKGROUND: Survival rates for upper gastrointestinal (GI) cancer are poor since many are diagnosed at advanced stages. Fast track endoscopy has been introduced to prompt diagnosis for patients with alarm symptoms that could be indicative of upper GI cancer. However, these symptoms may represent benign conditions and little is known about the predictive values of alarm symptoms of upper GI cancer in the general population. METHODS: The study is a nationwide cohort study of 60,562 individuals aged 45 years or above randomly selected from the Danish general population...
April 18, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668808/factors-associated-with-changes-in-creatine-phosphokinase-cpk-in-trauma-patients-submitted-to-the-red-wave-with-evolution-to-rhabdomyolysis
#8
Mario Pastore Neto, Rafael Valério Gonçalves, Carla Jorge Machado, Vivian Resende
OBJECTIVE: to identify and analyze factors associated with plasma creatine phosphokinase (CPK) levels in trauma victims with progression to rhabdomyolysis. METHODS: we conducted a prospective, longitudinal study, with 50 patients submitted to the "Red Wave" protocol, with evolution to rhabdomyolysis after hospital admission. We studied the variables age, gender, trauma scores, mechanism and outcome, CPK at admission and final, intervals of days between laboratory evaluations, surgery and complications...
2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668596/predictors-of-in-hospital-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-elderly-egyptian-patients-with-acute-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#9
Mohamed A Elsebaey, Heba Elashry, Tamer A Elbedewy, Ahmed A Elhadidy, Noha E Esheba, Sherif Ezat, Manal Saad Negm, Yousry Esam-Eldin Abo-Amer, Mohamed El Abgeegy, Heba Fadl Elsergany, Loai Mansour, Sherief Abd-Elsalam
Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) affects large number of elderly with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Early identification and management of the factors predicting in-hospital mortality might decrease mortality. This study was conducted to identify the causes of acute UGIB and the predictors of in-hospital mortality in elderly Egyptian patients.286 elderly patients with acute UGIB were divided into: bleeding variceal group (161 patients) and bleeding nonvariceal group (125 patients). Patients' monitoring was done during hospitalization to identify the risk factors that might predict in-hospital mortality in elderly...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667211/randomised-clinical-trial-gastrointestinal-events-in-arthritis-patients-treated-with-celecoxib-ibuprofen-or-naproxen-in-the-precision-trial
#10
N D Yeomans, D Y Graham, M E Husni, D H Solomon, T Stevens, J Vargo, Q Wang, L M Wisniewski, K E Wolski, J S Borer, P Libby, A M Lincoff, T F Lüscher, W Bao, C Walker, S E Nissen
BACKGROUND: We evaluated GI safety of celecoxib compared with 2 nonselective (ns) NSAIDs, as a secondary objective of a large trial examining multiorgan safety. METHODS: This randomised, double-blind controlled trial analysed 24 081 patients. Osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis patients, needing ongoing NSAID treatment, were randomised to receive celecoxib 100-200 mg b.d., ibuprofen 600-800 mg t.d.s. or naproxen 375-500 mg b.d. plus esomeprazole, and low-dose aspirin or corticosteroids if already prescribed...
April 17, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666721/needle-knife-fistulotomy-for-the-rescue-an-unusual-cause-of-iatrogenic-extrahepatic-biliary-obstruction
#11
Laura L Ulmer, Lokesh K Jha, Neil Bhogal, Saurabh Kapur, Saurabh Chandan, Derrick Eichele, Ishfaq Bhat, Shailender Singh
A 71-year-old male presented to our institution with cholestatic hepatitis after having recently undergone upper endoscopy for treatment of gastrointestinal bleeding. Further investigation with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography revealed a hemostatic clip on the ampulla of Vater. After initial attempts at cannulation of the common bile duct were unsuccessful, biliary decompression was achieved by use of needle-knife fistulotomy. A common bile duct stent was placed and the liver function tests improved prior to discharge...
2018: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666667/impact-of-the-timing-of-capsule-endoscopy-in-overt-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-on-yield-and-rebleeding-rate-is-sooner-than-14-d-advisable
#12
Catarina Gomes, Rolando Pinho, Adélia Rodrigues, Ana Ponte, Joana Silva, Jaime Pereira Rodrigues, Mafalda Sousa, João Carlos Silva, João Carvalho
AIM: To evaluate the impact of the timing of capsule endoscopy (CE) in overt-obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). METHODS: Retrospective, single-center study, including patients submitted to CE in the setting of overt-OGIB between January 2005 and August 2017. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the timing of CE (≤ 48 h; 48 h-14 d; ≥ 14 d). The diagnostic and therapeutic yield (DY and TY), the rebleeding rate and the time to rebleed were calculated and compared between groups...
April 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665624/risk-of-gastrointestinal-bleeding-and-benefit-from-colorectal-cancer-reduction-from-long-term-use-of-low-dose-aspirin-a-retrospective-study-of-612-509-patients
#13
Kelvin K F Tsoi, Felix C H Chan, Hoyee W Hirai, Joseph J Y Sung
BACKGROUND: Aspirin, commonly used for prevention of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, is well-known to protect against development of colorectal cancer (CRC) but increases risk of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB). AIM: This cohort study aims to evaluate the benefit of low-dose aspirin to prevent CRC and its associated risk of GIB. METHOD: A population-based dataset was used to compare incidence and mortality of CRC and GIB among patients receiving low-dose aspirin with sex-and-age matched controls (1:2)...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662934/bevacizumab-for-refractory-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-rendu-osler-weber-disease
#14
Carlos Bernardes, Sara Santos, Rafaela Loureiro, Verónica Borges, Gonçalo Ramos
Rendu-Osler-Weber disease, also known as hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, is a rare autosomal dominant disorder which is often characterized by recurrent epistaxis, mucocutaneous and gastrointestinal telangiectasias, and visceral arteriovenous malformations. Patients with gastrointestinal involvement can present with a wide spectrum of severity, which may vary from uncomplicated iron deficiency anemia to continuous and refractory bleeding. We present the case of a 62-year-old female, who was admitted with anemia following several episodes of melena, and whose endoscopic examination revealed multiple angiodysplasias in the stomach and small bowel...
March 2018: GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661236/clinical-analysis-of-50-patients-with-heterotopic-pregnancy-after-ovulation-induction-or-embryo-transfer
#15
Zaigui Wu, Xinmei Zhang, Ping Xu, Xiufeng Huang
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, prenatal diagnosis, and management of patients with heterotopic pregnancy after ovulation induction or embryo transfer. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of fifty cases with heterotopic pregnancy, in which the fertilization way, type and number of embryo transferred, gestational age, clinical presentation and outcome of intrauterine, ultrasound presentation and site of ectopic pregnancy, bilateral fallopian tube and treatment were evaluated...
April 16, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658339/refractory-hypercalcaemia-secondary-to-localised-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumour
#16
T Hart, D Sinitsky, A Shamsiddinova, A Rohatgi
Gastrointestinal stromal tumours are a rare form of intra-abdominal neoplasm derived from mesenchymal tissue, typically presenting with abdominal pain, anaemia or bleeding into the bowel or abdominal cavity. Hypercalcaemia is an unusual complication, having been documented in only seven previous patients, all of whom had advanced metastatic disease. We present a case of treatment-resistant hypercalcaemia in a patient with non-metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumour, which resolved following excision of the tumour...
April 16, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658322/clinical-effectiveness-and-versatility-of-a-sealing-hemostatic-patch-hemopatch-in-multiple-surgical-specialties
#17
Kevin M Lewis, Shelly Ikeme, Tolu Olubunmi, Carl Erik Kuntze
Intraoperative surgical sealants and hemostatic agents have been shown to reduce postoperative complications, transfusions and hospital resource utilization. Despite availability of these agents, the incidence and burden of bleeding remains high and surgeons' requirements for hemostatic control continue to evolve. A burgeoning class of hemostatic agents are hemostatic patches, which offer package-to-patient readiness and direct application. In addition, hemostatic patches may provide tissue sealing capabilities...
April 16, 2018: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656974/low-dose-aspirin-is-safe-and-effective-for-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#18
Mhamad Faour, Nicolas S Piuzzi, David P Brigati, Alison K Klika, Michael A Mont, Wael K Barsoum, Carlos A Higuera
BACKGROUND: Aspirin is an effective prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism (VTE) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The optimal prophylactic aspirin dose has not been established. The study aims to compare 2 aspirin regimens with regard to the incidence of (1) symptomatic deep venous thrombosis (DVT), (2) pulmonary embolism (PE), (3) bleeding, and (4) mortality within 90 days after TKA. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 5666 patients who received aspirin twice daily for 4 to 6 weeks after TKA...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655662/evaluation-of-low-intensity-anti-coagulation-with-a-fully-magnetically-levitated-centrifugal-flow-circulatory-pump-the-magentum-1-study
#19
Ivan Netuka, Peter Ivák, Zuzana Tučanová, Stanislav Gregor, Ondrej Szárszoi, Poornima Sood, Daniel Crandall, Jessica Rimsans, Jean Marie Connors, Mandeep R Mehra
BACKGROUND: The HeartMate 3 left ventricular assist system is engineered to avoid pump thrombosis, yet bleeding complications persist. We investigated the safety of low-intensity anti-coagulation in patients with the HeartMate 3. METHODS: The Minimal AnticoaGulation EvaluatioNTo aUgment heMocompatibility (MAGENTUM 1) pilot study is a prospective, single-arm study of low-intensity warfarin anti-coagulation in patients implanted with the HeartMate 3 pump. After standard warfarin anti-coagulation (international normalized ratio [INR] 2...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652028/risk-factors-of-in-hospital-mortality-among-patients-with-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-and-acute-myocardial-infarction
#20
Lingjie He, Jianwei Zhang, Shutian Zhang
Background/Aims: Patients with simultaneous upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have higher mortality than patients with either GIB or AMI. We aimed to assess the incidence and risk factors of in-hospital mortality in patients with UGIB and AMI. Patients and Methods: A total of 243 patients with UGIB and AMI were enrolled during 2012-2017. Clinical and laboratory data were collected and analyzed for clinical characteristics and potential risk factors of in-hospital mortality...
April 13, 2018: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
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