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simulation and education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646627/collecting-validity-evidence-for-simulation-based-assessment-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-skills
#1
Jesper Kørup Jensen, Liv Dyre, Mattis Enggaard Jørgensen, Lisbeth Anita Andreasen, Martin Grønnebaek Tolsgaard
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the validity of a simulator test designed to evaluate focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) skills. METHODS: Participants included a group of ultrasound novices (n = 25) and ultrasound experts (n = 10). All participants had their FAST skills assessed using a virtual reality ultrasound simulator. Procedural performance on the 4 FAST windows was assessed by automated simulator metrics, which received a passing or failing score...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645956/exploring-the-components-of-physician-volunteer-engagement-a-qualitative-investigation-of-a-national-canadian-simulation-based-training-programme
#2
Aimee J Sarti, Stephanie Sutherland, Angele Landriault, Kirk DesRosier, Susan Brien, Pierre Cardinal
OBJECTIVES: Conceptual clarity on physician volunteer engagement is lacking in the medical literature. The aim of this study was to present a conceptual framework to describe the elements which influence physician volunteer engagement and to explore volunteer engagement within a national educational programme. SETTING: The context for this study was the Acute Critical Events Simulation (ACES) programme in Canada, which has successfully evolved into a national educational programme, driven by physician volunteers...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644697/contemporary-treatment-of-renal-tumors-a-questionnaire-survey-in-the-nordic-countries-the-norenca-i-study
#3
Harry Nisen, Petrus Järvinen, Magnus Fovaeus, Eirikur Guðmundsson, Bjarne Kromann-Andersen, Börje Ljungberg, Lars Lund, Frode Nilsen, Pernilla Sundqvist, Christian Beisland
OBJECTIVE: The five Nordic countries comprise 25 million people, and have similar treatment traditions and healthcare systems. To take advantage of these similarities, a collaborative group (Nordic Renal Cancer Group, NORENCA) was founded in 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire of 17 questions on renal tumor management and surgical education was designed and sent to 91 institutions performing renal tumor surgery in 2015. The response rate was 68% (62 hospitals), including 28 academic, 25 central and nine district hospitals...
June 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643607/diabetes-self-management-training-in-a-virtual-environment
#4
Louise Reagan, Katherine Pereira, Vanessa Jefferson, Kathryn Evans Kreider, Susan Totten, Gail D'Eramo Melkus, Constance Johnson, Allison Vorderstrasse
Diabetes self-management training (DSMT) improves diabetes health outcomes. However, low numbers of patients receive DSMT. Using virtual environments (VEs) for DSMT is an innovative approach to removing barriers for patients. The purpose of this paper is to describe the experience of health professionals and diabetes educators establishing and teaching DSMT in a VE, Diabetes LIVE© (Learning in Virtual Environments), and the implications for future use of VEs in DSMT. It was found that providing DSMT in a VE preserves real-time interaction between patients and educators...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643054/a-structured-extended-training-program-to-facilitate-adoption-of-new-techniques-for-practicing-surgeons
#5
Jacob A Greenberg, Sally Jolles, Sarah Sullivan, Sudha Pavuluri Quamme, Luke M Funk, Anne O Lidor, Caprice Greenberg, Carla M Pugh
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair has been shown to have significant benefits when compared to open inguinal hernia repair, yet remains underutilized in the United States. The traditional model of short, hands-on, cognitive courses to enhance the adoption of new techniques fails to lead to significant levels of practice implementation for most surgeons. We hypothesized that a comprehensive program would facilitate the adoption of laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (TEP) for practicing surgeons...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641027/effect-of-an-educational-intervention-in-spirituality-and-health-on-knowledge-attitudes-and-skills-of-students-in-health-related-areas-a-controlled-randomized-trial
#6
Igraíne Helena Scholz Osório, Lídia Maria Gonçalves, Pedro Machry Pozzobon, Jair José Gaspar Júnior, Filippe Martins Miranda, Alessandra L G Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
BACKGROUND: To date there have been no randomized studies that assess whether "Spirituality and Health" (S/H) programs are, indeed, effective, or not. We sought to evaluate if an intervention in teaching S/H fosters competence changes in healthcare students. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was carried out. Students were randomized into two groups: an Intervention Group (a theoretical-practical course in S/H) and a control group (waiting list). Students' S/H knowledge, attitudes, and skills (through a simulated patient) were assessed...
June 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640839/assessment-of-recall-error-in-self-reported-food-consumption-histories-among-adults-particularly-delay-of-interviews-decrease-completeness-of-food-histories-germany-2013
#7
Maximilian Gertler, Irina Czogiel, Klaus Stark, Hendrik Wilking
INTRODUCTION: Poor recall during investigations of foodborne outbreaks may lead to misclassifications in exposure ascertainment. We conducted a simulation study to assess the frequency and determinants of recall errors. METHODS: Lunch visitors in a cafeteria using exclusively cashless payment reported their consumption of 13 food servings available daily in the three preceding weeks using a self-administered paper-questionnaire. We validated this information using electronic payment information...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640719/using-simulated-practice-in-pre-registration-education-to-explore-mental-health-issues
#8
Amanda Collins Eade, Claire Winter
UK policy advocates that all nurses should have the skills to work with individuals experiencing mental health problems. However, barriers exist in that mental health placements for child student nurses are brief or difficult to arrange. This hinders opportunities to develop a therapeutic working relationship with young people, consolidate skills and ultimately develop confidence in working with young people presenting with mental health problems. A 3-day simulated practice strategy with child nursing students was designed to give students the knowledge, skills and confidence to work with young people who present to services with mental health problems...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640045/simulation-in-nursing-education
#9
Patrick Lavoie, Sean P Clarke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639038/characteristics-predicting-laparoscopic-skill-in-medical-students-nine-years-experience-in-a-single-center
#10
Tsutomu Nomura, Takeshi Matsutani, Nobutoshi Hagiwara, Itsuo Fujita, Yoshiharu Nakamura, Yoshikazu Kanazawa, Hiroshi Makino, Yasuhiro Mamada, Terumichi Fujikura, Masao Miyashita, Eiji Uchida
INTRODUCTION: We introduced laparoscopic simulator training for medical students in 2007. This study was designed to identify factors that predict the laparoscopic skill of medical students, to identify intergenerational differences in abilities, and to estimate the variability of results in each training group. Our ultimate goal was to determine the optimal educational program for teaching laparoscopic surgery to medical students. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2015, a total of 270 fifth-year medical students were enrolled in this observational study...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638966/measuring-everyday-functional-competence-using-the-rasch-assessment-of-everyday-activity-limitations-real-item-bank
#11
Martijn A H Oude Voshaar, Peter M Ten Klooster, Harald E Vonkeman, Mart A F J van de Laar
OBJECTIVE: Traditional patient-reported physical function instruments often poorly differentiate patients with mild-to-moderate disability. We describe the development and psychometric evaluation of a generic item bank for measuring everyday activity limitations in outpatient populations. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Seventy-two items generated from patient interviews and mapped to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) domestic life chapter were administered to 1128 adults representative of the Dutch population...
June 21, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638532/using-a-poverty-simulation-in-graduate-medical-education-as-a-mechanism-to-introduce-social-determinants-of-health-and-cultural-competency
#12
Michael S Maguire, Renee Kottenhahn, Loretta Consiglio-Ward, Arlene Smalls, Robert Dressler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637947/neurosurgical-virtual-reality-simulation-for-brain-tumor-using-high-definition-computer-graphics-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
Taichi Kin, Hirofumi Nakatomi, Naoyuki Shono, Seiji Nomura, Toki Saito, Hiroshi Oyama, Nobuhito Saito
Simulation and planning of surgery using a virtual reality model is becoming common with advances in computer technology. In this study, we conducted a literature search to find trends in virtual simulation of surgery for brain tumors. A MEDLINE search for "neurosurgery AND (simulation OR virtual reality)" retrieved a total of 1,298 articles published in the past 10 years. After eliminating studies designed solely for education and training purposes, 28 articles about the clinical application remained. The finding that the vast majority of the articles were about education and training rather than clinical applications suggests that several issues need be addressed for clinical application of surgical simulation...
June 22, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637552/standardized-interdepartmental-simulation-based-central-line-insertion-course-closes-an-educational-gap-and-improves-intern-comfort-with-the-procedure
#14
Joanna Grudziak, Blair Herndon, Ria D Dancel, Harendra Arora, Christopher J Tignanelli, Michael R Phillips, Jason R Crowner, Nicholas A True, Andy C Kiser, Rebecca F Brown, Harry P Goodell, Neil Murty, Michael O Meyers, Sean P Montgomery
Central line placement is a common procedure, routinely performed by junior residents in medical and surgical departments. Before this project, no standardized instructional course on the insertion of central lines existed at our institution, and few interns had received formal ultrasound training. Interns from five departments participated in a simulation-based central line insertion course. Intern familiarity with the procedure and with ultrasound, as well as their prior experience with line placement and their level of comfort, was assessed...
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636498/a-novel-clinical-simulated-suture-education-for-basic-surgical-skill-suture-on-the-biological-tissue-fixed-on-standardized-patient-evaluated-with-objective-structured-assessment-of-technical-skill-osats-tools
#15
Zhanlong Shen, Fan Yang, Pengji Gao, Li Zeng, Guanchao Jiang, Shan Wang, Yingjiang Ye, Fengxue Zhu
BACKGROUND: Clinical-simulated training has shown benefit in the education of medical students. However, the role of clinical simulation for surgical basic skill training such as suturing techniques remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two medical students were asked to perform specific suturing tasks at three stations with the different settings within four minutes (Station 1: Synthetic suture pad fixed on the bench, Station 2: Synthetic suture pad fixed on the standardized patient, Station 3: Pig skin fixed on the standardized patient); the OSATS (Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill) tool was used to evaluate the performance of students...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635139/improving-precision-of-ability-estimation-getting-more-from-response-times
#16
Maria Bolsinova, Jesper Tijmstra
By considering information about response time (RT) in addition to response accuracy (RA), joint models for RA and RT such as the hierarchical model (van der Linden, 2007) can improve the precision with which ability is estimated over models that only consider RA. The hierarchical model, however, assumes that only the person's speed is informative of ability. This assumption of conditional independence between RT and ability given speed may be violated in practice, and ignores collateral information about ability that may be present in the residual RTs...
June 21, 2017: British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634630/development-and-validation-of-a-tool-for-non-technical-skills-evaluation-in-robotic-surgery-the-icars-system
#17
Nicholas Raison, Thomas Wood, Oliver Brunckhorst, Takashige Abe, Talisa Ross, Ben Challacombe, Mohammed Shamim Khan, Giacomo Novara, Nicolo Buffi, Henk Van Der Poel, Craig McIlhenny, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Non-technical skills (NTS) are being increasingly recognised as vital for safe surgical practice. Numerous NTS rating systems have been developed to support effective training and assessment. Yet despite the additional challenges posed by robotic surgery, no NTS rating systems have been developed for this unique surgical environment. This study reports the development and validation of the first NTS behavioural rating system for robotic surgery. METHODS: A comprehensive index of all relevant NTS behaviours in robotic surgery was developed through observation of robotic theatre and interviews with robotic surgeons...
June 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632531/a-descriptive-survey-of-anesthesiology-residency-simulation-programs-how-are-programs-preparing-residents-for-the-new-american-board-of-anesthesiology-applied-certification-examination
#18
Robert S Isaak, Fei Chen, Harendra Arora, Susan M Martinelli, David A Zvara, Marjorie P Stiegler
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiology residency programs may need new simulation-based programs to prepare residents for the new Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) component of the American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA) Primary Certification process. The design of such programs may require significant resources, including faculty time, expertise, and funding, as are currently needed for structured oral examination (SOE) preparation. This survey analyzed the current state of US-based anesthesiology residency programs regarding simulation-based educational programming for SOE and OSCE preparation...
June 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632015/the-associations-between-clerkship-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce-grades-and-subsequent-performance
#19
Ting Dong, Christopher Zahn, Aaron Saguil, Kimberly A Swygert, Michelle Yoon, Jessica Servey, Steven Durning
Construct: We investigated the extent of the associations between medical students' clinical competency measured by performance in Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE) during Obstetrics/Gynecology and Family Medicine clerkships and later performance in both undergraduate and graduate medical education. BACKGROUND: There is a relative dearth of studies on the correlations between undergraduate OSCE scores and future exam performance within either undergraduate or graduate medical education and almost none on linking these simulated encounters to eventual patient care...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630391/cost-and-value-in-medical-education-the-role-of-statistical-process-control
#20
Walsh Kieran
Medical education is associated with significant costs. These costs have led to a growing interest in how to deliver high quality or high quantity education on a limited budget. This in turn has led to an interest in how best to measure quantity, quality and cost and how to track these variables over time. The ultimate aim of the interest in cost and value in medical education is to improve quality or quantity over time and to reduce costs. This may occur by a number of methods - which might include e-learning or simple simulations...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
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