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simulation and education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329208/differentiated-hiv-rna-viral-load-monitoring-in-resource-limited-settings-an-economic-analysis
#1
Diana M Negoescu, Zhenhuan Zhang, Heiner C Bucher, Eran Bendavid
Background: Viral load (VL) monitoring for patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) is recommended worldwide. However, the costs of frequent monitoring are a barrier to implementation in resource-limited settings. The extent to which personalized monitoring frequencies may be cost-effective is unknown. Methods: We created a simulation model parameterized using person-level longitudinal data to assess the benefits of flexible monitoring frequencies. Our data-driven model tracked HIV+ individuals for 10 years following ART initiation...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328297/a-revitalizing-look-at-simulation-education-and-at-new-paradigms-of-training-in-surgery-robotics-and-in-the-operating-room
#2
P Marco Fisichella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328281/educational-role-for-an-advanced-suturing-task-in-the-pediatric-laparoscopic-surgery-simulator
#3
Maeve O'Neill Trudeau, Brian Carrillo, Ahmed Nasr, Justin T Gerstle, Georges Azzie
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic models are recognized as important training tools. Lower fidelity systems are used mainly for simpler tasks; an advanced suturing task may allow for additional training of experts. The purpose of this study was to explore the educational role of an advanced suturing task using motion analysis and establish the task's construct validity. METHODS: The pediatric laparoscopic surgery (PLS) simulator was customized with motion-tracking hardware and software...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327195/does-rating-the-operation-videos-with-a-checklist-score-improve-the-effect-of-e-learning-for-bariatric-surgical-training-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Javier Rodrigo De La Garza, Karl-Friedrich Kowalewski, Mirco Friedrich, Mona Wanda Schmidt, Thomas Bruckner, Hannes Götz Kenngott, Lars Fischer, Beat-Peter Müller-Stich, Felix Nickel
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic training has become an important part of surgical education. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the most common bariatric procedure performed. Surgeons must be well trained prior to operating on a patient. Multimodality training is vital for bariatric surgery. E-learning with videos is a standard approach for training. The present study investigates whether scoring the operation videos with performance checklists improves learning effects and transfer to a simulated operation...
March 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321440/neuronify-an-educational-simulator-for-neural-circuits
#5
Svenn-Arne Dragly, Milad Hobbi Mobarhan, Andreas Våvang Solbrå, Simen Tennøe, Anders Hafreager, Anders Malthe-Sørenssen, Marianne Fyhn, Torkel Hafting, Gaute T Einevoll
Educational software (apps) can improve science education by providing an interactive way of learning about complicated topics that are hard to explain with text and static illustrations. However, few educational apps are available for simulation of neural networks. Here, we describe an educational app, Neuronify, allowing the user to easily create and explore neural networks in a plug-and-play simulation environment. The user can pick network elements with adjustable parameters from a menu, i.e., synaptically connected neurons modelled as integrate-and-fire neurons and various stimulators (current sources, spike generators, visual, and touch) and recording devices (voltmeter, spike detector, and loudspeaker)...
March 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319727/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-student-nurse-performance-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-a-simulated-family-witnessed-resuscitation-scenario
#6
Gerard Kenny, Isabelle Bray, David Pontin, Rachel Jefferies, John Albarran
This randomized controlled trial, conducted in a UK University nursing department, compared student nurses' performance during a simulated cardiac arrest. Eighteen teams of four students were randomly assigned to one of three scenarios: 1) no family witness; 2) a "quiet" family witness; and 3) a family witness displaying overt anxiety and distress. Each group was assessed by observers for a range of performance outcomes (e.g. calling for help, timing to starting cardiopulmonary resuscitation), and simulation manikin data on the depth and timing of three cycles of compressions...
March 14, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318742/a-mobile-based-surgical-simulation-application-a-comparative-analysis-of-efficacy-using-a-carpal-tunnel-release%C3%A2-module
#7
Kamil M Amer, Taha Mur, Kamal Amer, Asif M Ilyas
PURPOSE: The utilization of surgical simulation continues to grow in medical training. The TouchSurgery application (app) is a new interactive virtual reality smartphone- or tablet-based app that offers a step-by-step tutorial and simulation for the execution of various operations. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of the app versus traditional teaching modalities utilizing the "Carpal Tunnel Surgery" module. We hypothesized that users of the app would score higher than those using the traditional education medium indicating higher understanding of the steps of surgery...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314200/contrast-reaction-training-in-us-radiology-residencies-a-blinded-study
#8
Christina A LeBedis, Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Hansel J Otero, Summer J Decker, Robert J Ward
OBJECTIVE: To perform a survey-based assessment of current contrast reaction training in US diagnostic radiology residency programs. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to radiology residency program directors from 9/2015-11/2015. RESULTS: 25.7% of programs responded. 95.7% of those who responded provide contrast reaction management training. 89.4% provide didactic lectures (occurring yearly in 71.4%). 37.8% provide hands-on simulation training (occurring yearly in 82...
March 10, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314185/nurse-students-learning-acute-care-by-simulation-focus-on-observation-and-debriefing
#9
Anna Abelsson, Birgitta Bisholt
INTRODUCTION: Simulation creates the possibility to experience acute situations during nursing education which cannot easily be achieved in clinical settings. AIM: To describe how nursing students learn acute care of patients through simulation exercises, based on observation and debriefing. DESIGN: The study was designed as an observational study inspired by an ethnographic approach. METHOD: Data was collected through observations and interviews...
March 9, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306682/training-future-anesthesiologists-in-obstetric-care
#10
Mauricio Vasco Ramírez
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In order for the obstetric anesthesiologist to become a true perioperative / peripartum physician, a change in formative programs and certification process in anesthesia are needed. RECENT FINDINGS: Anesthesia training programs are migrating to competency based medical education (CBME) worldwide. The traditional model of attending lectures, grand rounds, reading textbooks and journal papers should be complemented by virtual modalities such as massive open online courses or online teaching tools...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303275/modeling-pathological-hemodynamic-responses-to-the-valsalva-maneuver
#11
Leszek Pstras, Karl Thomaseth, Jacek Waniewski, Italo Balzani, Federico Bellavere
The Valsalva maneuver consisting in a forced expiration against closed airways is one of the most popular clinical tests of the autonomic nervous system function. When properly performed by a healthy subject, it features four characteristic phases of arterial blood pressure and heart rate variations, based on the magnitude of which the autonomic function may be assessed qualitatively and quantitatively. In patients with some disorders or in healthy patients subject to specific conditions, the pattern of blood pressure and heart rate changes during the execution of the Valsalva maneuver may, however, differ from the typical sinusoidal-like pattern...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300340/trainees-at-a-resuscitation-a-dual-liability
#12
Nancy H Stewart, Audrey Tanksley, Dana P Edelson, Vineet M Arora
BACKGROUND: During basic life support (BLS) training, medical students receive little instruction on their role during a resuscitation attempt. Research is sparse regarding trainee perceptions of the resuscitation team. This study sought to describe trainee experiences and perceptions of resuscitation teams. METHODS: Clinical third-year medical students (MS3s) and incoming interns (PGY1s) reported on survey items addressing prior BLS education, knowledge of BLS, and the student's perceptions and experiences during a resuscitation attempt...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296513/who-is-the-preferred-tutor-in-clinical-skills-training-physicians-nurses-or-peers
#13
Ece Şükriye Abay, Sevgi Turan, Orhan Odabaşı, Melih Elçin
Phenomenon: Clinical skills centers allow structured training of undergraduate medical students for the acquisition of clinical skills in a simulated environment. Physician, nurse, or peer tutors are employed for training in those centers. All tutors should have appropriate training about the methodology used in the clinical skills training. Many of the studies revealed the effectiveness of various types of tutors. The aim of our study was to evaluate medical students' satisfaction with clinical skills training, and their opinions about the differences in coaching skills among the physician, nurse, and peer tutors...
March 15, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296158/perception-of-simulation-training-in-emergencies-for-dental-sedation-practitioners
#14
Andrew Hadfield, Shelagh Thompson, Judith Hall, Cristina Diaz-Navarro
BACKGROUND: Simulation education is an important part of health care education and training. There is growing evidence to support the usefulness of simulation, especially in training for infrequently occurring situations, such as medical emergencies seen by dental practitioners. There are, however, few data on the longer term effects of simulation, including usefulness, relevance, emotional effect and ability to affect changes to daily practice. METHODS: Dentists and dental nurses who had undergone simulation training in medical emergencies for dental sedation practitioners undertook a semi-structured interview about their perception of the simulation experience...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295215/non-technical-skills-of-surgical-trainees-and-experienced-surgeons
#15
H Gostlow, N Marlow, M J W Thomas, P J Hewett, A Kiermeier, W Babidge, M Altree, G Pena, G Maddern
BACKGROUND: In addition to technical expertise, surgical competence requires effective non-technical skills to ensure patient safety and maintenance of standards. Recently the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons implemented a new Surgical Education and Training (SET) curriculum that incorporated non-technical skills considered essential for a competent surgeon. This study sought to compare the non-technical skills of experienced surgeons who completed their training before the introduction of SET with the non-technical skills of more recent trainees...
March 13, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293150/the-evaluation-of-simulation-market-in-nursing-education-and-the-determination-of-learning-style-of-students
#16
Yasemin Çelik, Yeşim Ceylantekin, İbrahim Kiliç
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to detect the overall evaluation of nursing students toward simulation markets throughout the practice education and to reveal their learning styles in relation to certain individual features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data were collected via questionnaires including students' evaluation toward simulation markets and "Kolb learning styles inventory." Participants included 103 male and female nursing students in Turkey. For the analysis, percentage, means, standard deviation, t-test, and ANOVA were utilized...
January 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291556/teaching-communication-skills-to-radiology-residents
#17
Jason N Itri, Sammy Yacob, Ayman Mithqal
The transition of health care in the United States from volume to value requires a systems-based approach aligning clinical services across the continuum of care. The ability to communicate effectively and resolve conflict is a critical skill within the systems-based model. Recognizing the essential role of communication in medicine, the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education has designated interpersonal and communication skills a core competency for all residents regardless of specialty. Yet, communication skills are often developed through on-the-job training or not at all...
January 17, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290351/corrigendum-to-transfer-of-learning-radiographers-perceptions%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-simulation-based-educational-intervention-radiography-22-2016-%C3%A2-228-236
#18
S Aura, S Jordan, S Saano, K Tossavainen, H Turunen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289919/patients-with-chronic-conditions-simulate-to-educate
#19
Thomas Lefèvre, Rémi Gagnayre, Maxime Gignon
Simulation in healthcare in an way to train professionals but it is not yet use commonly to train patient or their caregivers. Recently, it has been suggested to extend simulations to patients with chronic conditions. Simulations could help patients and caregivers to acquire psychosocial and self-management skills. This approach proved to be effective for the training of healthcare professionals, but its transferability to patients needs to be evaluated. Already, several questions arise. However, by considering simulations as pretexts for debriefing, they enable patients and professionals to assess a concrete situation, implying voluntary and reflexive learning processes...
March 13, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287609/assessing-the-risk-of-an-emerging-zoonosis-of-worldwide-concern-anisakiasis
#20
Miguel Bao, Graham J Pierce, Santiago Pascual, Miguel González-Muñoz, Simonetta Mattiucci, Ivona Mladineo, Paolo Cipriani, Ivana Bušelić, Norval J C Strachan
Anisakiasis is an emerging zoonosis caused by the fish parasitic nematode Anisakis. Spain appears to have the highest reported incidence in Europe and marinated anchovies are recognised as the main food vehicle. Using data on fishery landings, fish infection rates and consumption habits of the Spanish population from questionnaires, we developed a quantitative risk assessment (QRA) model for the anchovy value chain. Spaniards were estimated to consume on average 0.66 Anisakis per untreated (non-frozen) raw or marinated anchovy meal...
March 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
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