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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941221/how-well-do-rheumatology-fellows-manage-acute-infusion-reactions-a-pilot-curricular-intervention
#1
Jason J Weiner, Amanda M Eudy, Lisa G Criscione-Schreiber
BACKGROUND: Infusible DMARDs are commonly prescribed in rheumatology and other fields. There are no published formal educational curricula rheumatology fellowship programs can use to teach infusion reaction management skills to fellows. We aimed to better understand this educational gap, and implement and assess the effectiveness of an experiential curriculum on acute infusion reaction management. METHODS: We included current rheumatology fellows and recent graduates from five fellowship programs...
September 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940595/how-to-enhance-psychological-fidelity-in-simulation-based-medical-education
#2
Ágnes Blaskó, Krisztina Komlós, Gábor Fritúz, János Gál
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939306/training-surgeons-and-anesthesiologists-to-facilitate-end-of-life-conversations-with-patients-and-families-a-systematic-review-of-existing-educational-models
#3
Katherine E Bakke, Stephen P Miranda, Manuel Castillo-Angeles, Christy E Cauley, Elizabeth J Lilley, Rachelle Bernacki, Angela M Bader, Richard D Urman, Zara Cooper
OBJECTIVE: Despite caring for patients near the end-of-life (EOL), surgeons and anesthesiologists report low confidence in their ability to facilitate EOL conversations. This discrepancy exists despite competency requirements and professional medical society recommendations. The objective of this systematic review is to identify articles describing EOL communication training available to surgeons and anesthesiologists, and to assess their methodological rigor to inform future curricular design and evaluation...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938303/optimizing-education-in-difficult-airway-management-meeting-the-challenge
#4
Sheila N Myatra, Rupali S Kalkundre, Jigeeshu V Divatia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The last 2 decades have seen a vast change in the science and technology of airway management. As a result, there is an increasing need to equip anesthesiologists with the new knowledge and skills for the safe management of a difficult airway. RECENT FINDINGS: In addition to knowledge and expertise, human factors and nontechnical skills (NTS), including situational awareness, communication and team work, play an important role during difficult airway management and contribute to the outcome...
September 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938265/neonatal-resuscitation-program-rolling-refresher-maintaining-chest-compression-proficiency-through-the-use-of-simulation-based-education
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938179/does-simulation-enhance-nurses-ability-to-assess-deteriorating-patients
#6
Maria Bliss, Leanne M Aitken
Recognising and responding to patient deterioration has been identified as a key skill in nursing care to ensure that care is escalated for prompt, efficient management of the potentially critically ill patient. Simulation is one teaching strategy that has been established in nurse education as a method for enhancing skills. The objective was to explore the experiences of registered nurses to ascertain whether they perceived that simulation enhanced their skills in recognising the deteriorating patient. An exploratory qualitative design was used...
September 12, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938098/an-integrative-review-on-conflict-management-styles-among-nursing-students-implications-for-nurse-education
#7
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte
OBJECTIVES: Nurse education plays a critical role in the achievement of conflict management skills in nursing students. However, a wider perspective on this concept has not been explored. This paper is a report of a review appraising and synthesizing existing empirical studies describing conflict management styles among nursing students. DESIGN: An integrative review method guided this review. DATA SOURCES: Five (5) bibliographic databases (CINAHL, Medline, Psych Info, Embase and SCOPUS) were searched to locate relevant articles...
September 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937515/laparoscopic-major-vascular-injury-simulation-using-a-synthetic-compared-with-porcine-model
#8
Magdy P Milad, Farah A Alvi, Michael T Breen, Cynthia Brincat, Peter J Frederick, Christina Lewicky-Gaupp, Mark Lewis, Bryan Rone, Kimberly Swan, Karin Wollschlaeger
BACKGROUND: Major vascular injury training may improve clinical skills and reduce patient morbidity during gynecologic laparoscopy; thus, reliable models for simulation should be identified. METHOD: Two laparoscopic major vascular injury simulations using synthetic or live porcine models were constructed. The primary surgeon was given the opportunity to complete both simulations. After obtaining peritoneal access, the surgeon quickly encountered a major vascular injury...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937469/outcome-of-a-resident-spine-surgical-skills-training-program
#9
Brian P Calio, Christopher K Kepler, John D Koerner, Jeffrey A Rihn, Paul Millhouse, Kris E Radcliff
STUDY DESIGN: Cadaver training lab. OBJECTIVE: To determine if a technical cadaver skills training lab for spinal surgery increases resident confidence, satisfaction in training, and perception of operating room safety. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Resident training is an important topic in the setting of work hour reform. The use of supplemental materials such as videos, sawbones, and simulators may become important to adequately train orthopedic residents...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936157/the-evaluation-of-simulation-maket-in-nursing-education-and-the-determination-of-learning-style-of-students
#10
Yasemin Çelik, Yeşim Ceylantekin, İbrahim Kiliç
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to detect the overall evaluation of nursing students toward simulation makets throughout the practice education and to reveal their learning styles in relation to certain individual features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data were collected via questionnaires including students' evaluation toward simulation makets and "Kolb learning styles inventory." Participants included 103 male and female nursing students in Turkey. For the analysis, percentage, means, standard deviation, t-test, and ANOVA were utilized...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933577/development-of-a-phenomenologically-derived-method-to-assess-affective-learning-in-student-journals-following-impactive-educational-experiences
#11
Gary D Rogers, Amary Mey, Pit Cheng Chan
BACKGROUND: Assessment of affective learning (AL) is difficult but important, particularly for health professional students, where it is intimately linked to the development of professional values. This study originally aimed to determine whether an emotionally impactive, extended, multimethod, interprofessional simulation experience enhanced the AL of senior medical students, compared to conventional seminars and workshops alone. This necessitated the development of a method to assess for the presence and quality of AL...
September 21, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933508/-skills-lab-training-in-veterinary-medicine-effective-preparation-for-clinical-work-at-the-small-animal-clinic-of-the-university-for-veterinary-medicine-hannover-foundation-effektive-vorbereitung-auf-die-klinische-t%C3%A3-tigkeit-am-beispiel-der-kleintierklinik
#12
Simon Engelskirchen, Jan Ehlers, Ansgar T Kirk, Andrea Tipold, Marc Dilly
OBJECTIVE: During five and a half years of studying veterinary medicine, students should in addition to theoretical knowledge acquire sufficient practical skills. Considering animal welfare and ethical aspects, opportunities for hands-on learning on living animals are limited because of the high annual number of students. The first German veterinary clinical-skills lab, established in 2013 at the University for Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation (TiHo), offers opportunities for all students to learn, train and repeat clinical skills on simulators and models as frequently as they would like, until they feel sufficiently confident to transfer these skills to living animals...
September 20, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931262/assessment-of-the-interrater-reliability-of-the-congress-of-neurological-surgeons-microanastomosis-assessment-scale
#13
Andrew R Pines, Mohammed S Alghoul, Youssef J Hamade, Mithun G Sattur, Rami James N Aoun, Tariq K Halasa, Chandan Krishna, Samer G Zammar, Najib E El Tecle, Tarek Y El Ahmadieh, Salah G Aoun, Richard W Byrne, James S Harrop, Brian T Ragel, Daniel K Resnick, Russell R Lonser, Nathan R Selden, Bernard R Bendok
BACKGROUND: The potential for simulation-based learning in neurosurgical training has led the Congress of Neurosurgical Surgeons to develop a series of simulation modules. The Northwestern Objective Microanastomosis Assessment Tool (NOMAT) was created as the corresponding assessment tool for the Congress of Neurosurgical Surgeons Microanastomosis Module. The face and construct validity of the NOMAT have been previously established. OBJECTIVE: To further validate the NOMAT by determining its interrater reliability (IRR) between raters of varying levels of microsurgical expertise...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931258/simulation-based-education-for-endoscopic-third-ventriculostomy-a-comparison-between-virtual-and-physical-training-models
#14
Gerben E Breimer, Faizal A Haji, Vivek Bodani, Melissa S Cunningham, Adriana-Lucia Lopez-Rios, Allan Okrainec, James M Drake
BACKGROUND: The relative educational benefits of virtual reality (VR) and physical simulation models for endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) have not been evaluated "head to head." OBJECTIVE: To compare and identify the relative utility of a physical and VR ETV simulation model for use in neurosurgical training. METHODS: Twenty-three neurosurgical residents and 3 fellows performed an ETV on both a physical and VR simulation model. Trainees rated the models using 5-point Likert scales evaluating the domains of anatomy, instrument handling, procedural content, and the overall fidelity of the simulation...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930764/when-listening-is-better-than-reading-performance-gains-on-cardiac-auscultation-test-questions
#15
Kathleen Short, S Deniz Bucak, Francine Rosenthal, Mark R Raymond
PURPOSE: In 2007, the United States Medical Licensing Examination embedded multimedia simulations of heart sounds into multiple-choice questions. This study investigated changes in item difficulty as determined by examinee performance over time. The data reflect outcomes obtained following initial use of multimedia items from 2007 through 2012, after which an interface change occurred. METHOD: A total of 233,157 examinees responded to 1,306 cardiology test items over the six-year period; 138 items included multimedia simulations of heart sounds, while 1,168 text-based items without multimedia served as controls...
September 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929032/use-of-simulation-in-canadian-neonatal-perinatal-medicine-training-programs
#16
Jonathan Wong, Emer Finan, Douglas Campbell
Introduction Simulation is used for the delivery of education and on occasion assessment. Before such a tool is used routinely in neonatal training programs across Canada, a need assessment is required to determine its current usage by accredited training programs. Our aim was to characterize the type of simulation modalities used and the perceived simulation-based training needs in Canadian neonatal-perinatal medicine (NPM) training programs. Methods A 22-item and 13-item online descriptive survey was sent to all NPM program directors and fellows in Canada, respectively...
July 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926372/attrition-bias-related-to-missing-outcome-data-a-longitudinal-simulation-study
#17
Antoine Lewin, Ruben Brondeel, Tarik Benmarhnia, Frédérique Thomas, Basile Chaix
BACKGROUND: Most longitudinal studies do not address potential selection biases due to selective attrition. Using empirical data and simulating additional attrition, we investigated the effectiveness of common approaches to handle missing outcome data from attrition in the association between individual education level and change in body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Using data from the two waves of the French RECORD Cohort Study (N = 7,172), we first examined how inverse probability weighting (IPW) and multiple imputation handled missing outcome data from attrition in the observed data (stage 1)...
September 18, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924869/the-educational-potential-of-youtube
#18
Haley T Godwin, Murtaza Khan, Peter Yellowlees
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to examine the educational potential and effectiveness of a 3 min video clip of a simulation of schizophrenia published online at YouTube. METHOD: Researchers examined the 267 public comments published on the video-sharing website YouTube over 8 years by viewers of a schizophrenia simulation video titled "virtual hallucinations" made in the Second Life game platform. Comments were independently categorized into six groupings, then cooperatively finalized, and qualitatively analyzed...
September 18, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922705/from-ancient-to-avant-garde-a-review-of-traditional-and-modern-multimodal-approaches-to-surgical-anatomy-education
#19
REVIEW
Minhao Hu, David Wattchow, Dayan de Fontgalland
The landscape of surgical anatomy education is progressively changing. Traditional methods, such as cadaveric dissection and didacticism are being increasingly phased out in undergraduate courses for multimodal approaches incorporating problem-based learning, radiology and computer-based simulations. Although effective at clinically contextualizing and integrating anatomical information, these approaches may be a poor substitute for fostering a grasp of foundational 'pure' anatomy. Dissection is ideal for this purpose and hence remains the cornerstone of anatomical education...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922302/resident-knowledge-surgical-skill-and-confidence-in-transobturator-vaginal-tape-placement-the-value-of-a-cadaver-laboratory
#20
Woojin Chong, Keith Downing, Ava Leegant, Erika Banks, Dmitry Fridman, Sherry Downie
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to examine the effect of additional cadaver laboratory use in training obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) residents on transobturator vaginal tape (TOT) insertion. METHODS: Thirty-four OBGYN residents were randomized into 2 groups (group 1, control; group 2, intervention; 17 in each group). Before and after the interventions, written knowledge and confidence levels were assessed. Both groups received didactic lectures using a bony pelvis and an instructional video on TOT insertion; group 2 participated in a half day cadaver laboratory...
September 15, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
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