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Point of care ultrasound and emergency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806175/point-of-care-ultrasound-facilitated-detection-of-femoral-occlusive-septic-emboli-during-mitral-valve-surgery-a-case-report
#1
Melissa L Bellomy, Susan Eagle, Mias Pretorius, Ben R Barton, Yafen Liang
Acute lower extremity ischemia from septic emboli is a surgical emergency. Timely diagnosis and management are critical to improve patient outcome. However, traditional diagnostic modalities such as intraoperative angiogram are time-consuming, require special equipment and personnel, and introduce contrast exposure for critically ill patients. There are limited reports of utilization of point-of-care ultrasound to detect peripheral septic emboli. We present a case where femoral occlusive septic emboli were identified by point-of-care ultrasound after mitral valve replacement...
August 10, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796651/ultrasound-assisted-reduction-of-displaced-and-shortened-fractures-by-pediatric-emergency-physicians
#2
Eric Scheier, Uri Balla
Pediatric emergency physicians at Kaplan Medical Center regularly reduce forearm fractures under point-of-care ultrasound guidance in the pediatric emergency department. We present 3 children who arrived at our department with shortened, angulated forearm fractures within the span of a single week. We report on the successful reduction of these fractures under point-of-care ultrasound and on the maintenance of anatomic alignment at follow-up 1 week postreduction.
August 7, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780235/dilated-right-coronary-sinus-identified-on-point-of-care-ultrasound
#3
Damali Nakitende, Michael Gottlieb
Point-of-care cardiac ultrasound (POCUS) is a common application in Emergency Medicine. Here we present a case of an incidentally discovered dilated right coronary sinus on ultrasound. This case involved a 55-year-old female who presented with chest pain, shortness of breath, and lightheadedness. Her initial presentation was concerning for congestive heart failure (CHF) exacerbation. A bedside ultrasound was performed to assess cardiac function, where a dilated right coronary sinus was discovered. The right coronary sinus is the vein that serves as the venous return for the coronary system...
July 29, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777271/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-acute-neonatal-ascites
#4
Sriram Ramgopal, Stefan Scholz, Jennifer R Marin
We present a 4-week-old neonate with acute onset of bloody stools and abdominal distention. Point-of-care ultrasound performed in the emergency department allowed for rapid diagnosis of a large amount of free intra-abdominal fluid, which together with the physical findings, prompted emergent operative exploration revealing chylous ascites. Although no areas of active volvulus were identified intraoperatively, findings in the case were suggestive of small bowel volvulus and deemed as the most likely etiology for this patient's presentation...
August 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777270/point-of-care-ultrasound-identification-of-an-abdominal-hernia
#5
Michael Alfonzo, Anna von Reinhart, Antonio Riera
Pediatric emergency medicine physicians may be able to use point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) as a tool to evaluate abdominal wall masses. We present a case of a 2-month-old infant with a lower abdominal mass identified as a hernia sac by POCUS. It was initially thought to represent a Spigelian-type abdominal wall hernia but subsequently determined to be an unusual presentation of an inguinal hernia with testicular entrapment. We review each of these diagnoses in addition to relevant POCUS findings.
August 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763407/point-of-care-ultrasound-diagnosis-of-multiple-mandibular-fractures-in-an-adolescent-presenting-to-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#6
Nathan Zapolsky, Ivan Joseph Zapolsky, Czer Anthoney Lim
We present a case of an adolescent patient with multiple mandibular fractures diagnosed by point-of-care ultrasound in the pediatric emergency department. Sonographic findings consistent with fracture were identified in our patient, and early consultation expedited interdepartmental coordination and disposition. The role of ultrasound in identifying various traumatic orthopedic and maxillofacial injuries is discussed.
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754527/ultrasound-use-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-is-associated-with-delays-in-chest-compressions
#7
Maite A Huis In 't Veld, Michael G Allison, David S Bostick, Kiondra R Fisher, Olga G Goloubeva, Michael D Witting, Michael E Winters
AIM: High-quality chest compressions are a critical component of the resuscitation of patients in cardiopulmonary arrest. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is used frequently during emergency department (ED) resuscitations, but there has been limited research assessing its benefits and harms during the delivery of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We hypothesized that use of POCUS during cardiac arrest resuscitation adversely affects high-quality CPR by lengthening the duration of pulse checks beyond the current cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines recommendation of 10s...
July 25, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729007/the-feasibility-of-point-of-care-ankle-ultrasound-examination-in-patients-with-recurrent-ankle-sprain-and-chronic-ankle-instability-comparison-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#8
Sun Hwa Lee, Seong Jong Yun
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of point-of-care ankle ultrasound compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosing major ligaments and Achilles tendon injuries in patients with recurrent ankle sprain and chronic instability, and to evaluate inter-observer reliability between an emergency physician and a musculoskeletal radiology fellow. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in an emergency department. Patients with recurrent ankle sprain and chronic instability were recruited...
July 13, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725576/cost-consideration-in-utilization-of-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-prostate-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Ryan Hutchinson, Yair Lotan
The screening, evaluation and management of prostate cancer changed significantly in the last decade. The recommendations regarding prostate cancer screening continue to evolve with new revelations about existing data sets and longer followup of landmark trials. Robotics has gained the vast majority of the marketplace for surgically managed prostate cancer in rapid fashion. The need for intervention in low risk prostate cancer has been closely examined and more men are being expectantly managed than ever before...
June 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724473/imagessecondary-cardiac-cancer-mimicking-inferior-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-diagnosed-using-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-emergency-department
#10
Taft Micks, Patricia Kousaie, Aaron Guinn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690957/point-of-care-ultrasound-for-jugular-venous-pressure-assessment-live-and-online-learning-compared
#11
Steve Socransky, Eddy Lang, Rhonda Bryce, Martin Betz
INTRODUCTION: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is a novel technique for the assessment of jugular venous pressure. Distance education may allow for efficient dissemination of this technique. We compared online learning to a live course for teaching ultrasonography jugular venous pressure (u-JVP) to determine if these teaching methods yielded different levels of comfort with and use of u-JVP. METHODS: This was an interventional trial of Canadian emergency physicians who had taken a basic POCUS course...
June 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665898/a-case-of-testicular-rupture-diagnosed-by-point-of-care-ultrasound
#12
Sean Indra, Nirupama Kannikeswaran, Rajan Arora
Point-of-care ultrasound is an expanding diagnostic tool in the pediatric emergency department. We describe a case of testicular rupture diagnosed by ultrasound at the bedside, which led to prompt surgical intervention and repair.
July 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652122/predictors-of-hospital-admission-and-urologic-intervention-in-adult-emergency-department-patients-with-ct-confirmed-ureteral-stones
#13
Brock Daniels, Elizabeth Schoenfeld, Andrew Taylor, Karrin Weisenthal, Dinesh Singh, Christopher L Moore
PURPOSE: Over one million patients seek care in an Emergency Department (ED) for kidney stones annually, but a minority require admission or urologic procedure. We aim to describe predictors of hospital admission or urologic intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This secondary analysis of prospective data includes ED patients with CT-confirmed obstructing ureteral stone. All patients also received a point-of-care limited renal ultrasound (PLUS). Need for urologic intervention at 90 days was assessed by follow-up interview...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649711/point-of-care-ultrasound-in-general-surgery-residency-training-a-proposal-for-milestones-in-graduate-medical-education-ultrasound
#14
Eliza W Beal, Benjamin R Sigmond, Latifa Sage-Silski, Samantha Lahey, Victor Nguyen, David P Bahner
The use of point-of-care ultrasound (US) in the clinical setting has undergone massive growth, although its incorporation into training and practice is variable. Surgeons are interested in using point-of-care US and can incorporate it effectively into clinical practice. However, the current state of point-of-care US training in general surgery is inadequate. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education introduced the Milestones Project to evaluate resident and fellow performance. Emergency medicine is the only specialty with a point-of-care US milestone...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646595/point-of-care-ultrasound-work-flow-innovation-impact-on-documentation-and-billing
#15
Matthew J Flannigan, Srikar Adhikari
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact that an innovative automated ultrasound (US) work flow, which allows for bedside performance of examination documentation and order placement, has on point-of-care US billing compared to ordering US examinations through an electronic medical record. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of point-of-care US billing data (March 2014-February 2016) for adult and pediatric emergency departments with an emergency medicine residency and a US fellowship...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640133/effectiveness-of-education-in-point-of-care-ultrasound-assisted-physical-examinations-in-an-emergency-department-a-before-and-after-study
#16
Yoo Jin Choi, Jae Yun Jung, Hyuksool Kwon
Implementation of point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS)-assisted physical examination (PE) in emergency departments (EDs) was conducted in the ED of an urban tertiary teaching hospital. This study examines the effect of POCUS implementation in emergency medicine departments by using a systematic education program on image acquisition to analyze decision making.Educating staff on POCUS involved a technique related to image acquisition and then accurately diagnosing subsequent POCUS results. The quasi-experimental, uncontrolled before-and-after study was performed to evaluate the education effect...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638663/acute-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-following-extraperitoneal-bladder-perforation
#17
Ana Licina
Extraperitoneal bladder perforation is a known complication of a commonly performed rigid cystoscopy. If unrecognized, this complication can lead to continuous intra-abdominal fluid leakage with consequent organ function impairment and symptoms. This is the first case report in literature of a transurethral bladder perforation causing an acute abdominal compartment syndrome, which was subsequently managed conservatively with supportive management only. Case Presentation. We describe a clinical course of a 73-year-old Caucasian female whose initial acute presentation involved urinary symptoms...
2017: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637781/detecting-optic-nerve-head-swelling-on-ultrasound-and-optical-coherence-tomography-in-children-and-young-people-an-observational-study
#18
Annegret Hella Dahlmann-Noor, Gillian W Adams, Moritz Claudius Daniel, Alison Davis, Joanne Hancox, Melanie Hingorani, Patricia Ibanez, Becky McPhee, Himanshu Patel, Marie Restori, Clare Roberts, Maria Theodorou, James Acheson
BACKGROUND: Following high-profile cases, referrals for evaluation of 'suspicious optic discs' to eye clinics in the UK have sharply increased, asking ophthalmologists to reliably distinguish between true and pseudopapilloedema. Optic nerve sheath dilatation (ONSD) on ocular ultrasound (US) is considered a reliable sign of true papilloedema, but this test is not widely available. Recently, anterior bowing of Bruch's membrane (BM) and increased retinal nerve fibre layer thickness on optical coherence tomography (OCT) have emerged as indicators of intracranial hypertension, and OCT is widely available...
June 21, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623905/educational-standards-for-training-paramedics-in-ultrasound-a-scoping-review
#19
Ben Meadley, Alexander Olaussen, Ashleigh Delorenzo, Nick Roder, Caroline Martin, Toby St Clair, Andrew Burns, Emma Stam, Brett Williams
BACKGROUND: Paramedic-performed out-of-hospital ultrasound is a novel skill that has gained popularity in some services in recent years. In this setting point-of care ultrasound (POCUS) can provide additional information that can assist with management and guide transport to the most appropriate facility. We sought to explore the different educational approaches used for training paramedics in ultrasound in the out-of-hospital setting. METHODS: Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, EBM Reviews, The Cochrane Library, CINAHL plus, The Monash University Research Repository and the British Thesis Library were searched from the 1(st) of January 1990 to the 6(th) of April 2016...
June 17, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593009/ultrasound-as-point-of-care-in-management-of-polytrauma-and-its-complication
#20
Saverio Latteri, Giulia Malaguarnera, Maurizio Mannino, Antonio Pesce, Giuseppe Currò, Stefania Tamburrini, Mario Scuderi
PURPOSE: Traumatic injuries constitute a major risk for patients in emergency units. Point-of-care ultrasound may be a determinant in reducing the deleterious impact of complications and in prognosis. METHODS: We describe the case of a 28-year-old female who reported cranial trauma, abdominal and thoracic trauma, and suspected bilateral fracture of the femur. RESULTS: Ultrasound was useful for evaluating and monitoring multiple organ failure...
June 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
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