keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

areata alopecia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812164/efficacy-of-fractional-lasers-in-treating-alopecia-a-literature-review
#1
Marina Perper, Adam S Aldahan, Rachel A Fayne, Christopher P Emerson, Keyvan Nouri
Hair loss stemming from different types of alopecia, such as androgenic alopecia and alopecia areata, negatively affects over half the population and, in many circumstances, causes serious psychosocial distress. Current treatment options for alopecia, such as minoxidil, anthralin, and intralesional corticosteroids, vary efficacy and side effect profiles. It is known that low-level laser/light therapies (LLLT), or photobiomodulations, such as the US FDA-cleared HairMax Lasercomb®, He-Ne laser, and excimer laser, are relatively affordable, user-friendly, safe, and effective forms of treatment for hair loss...
August 16, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801732/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-alopecia-areata-and-viral-antigen-exposure
#2
Christopher T Richardson, Matthew S Hayden, Elaine S Gilmore, Brian Poligone
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by non-scarring alopecia with T-cell infiltration at the affected hair follicle. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the potential link between hepatitis B virus (HBV) antigen exposure and AA. METHODS: Two pediatric patients with AA following hepatitis B vaccination were identified in a general dermatology clinic. A bioinformatics analysis and an electronic medical record (EMR) database query were performed at the University of Rochester Medical Center to identify patients with AA, coexisting viral infections, vaccinations, or interferon (IFN) therapy in order to determine if the presence of AA and these conditions was higher than in AA patients without these associated conditions or therapy...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794553/vitamin-d-level-in-alopecia-areata
#3
Yasmeen Jabeen Bhat, Insha Latif, Rauf Malik, Iffat Hassan, Gousia Sheikh, Kouser Sideeq Lone, Sabiya Majeed, Peerzada Sajad
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is an immune-mediated disease in which autoantigens play an important part in activating T-lymphocytes. Vitamin D has been associated with various autoimmune diseases, and Vitamin D receptors are strongly expressed in hair follicles and their expression in keratinocytes is necessary for the maintenance of the normal hair cycle. AIM: The aim of this study was to find the association between Vitamin D level and AA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a hospital-based cross-sectional study in which 50 patients with clinically and trichoscopically diagnosed AA cases, and 35 healthy age- and sex-matched controls were studied in summer months...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791288/a-practical-approach-to-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-hair-loss-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
Liwen Xu, Kevin X Liu, Maryanne M Senna
Hair loss or alopecia is a common and distressing clinical complaint in the primary care setting and can arise from heterogeneous etiologies. In the pediatric population, hair loss often presents with patterns that are different from that of their adult counterparts. Given the psychosocial complications that may arise from pediatric alopecia, prompt diagnosis and management is particularly important. Common causes of alopecia in children and adolescents include alopecia areata, tinea capitis, androgenetic alopecia, traction alopecia, trichotillomania, hair cycle disturbances, and congenital alopecia conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780055/-amoxicillin-induced-skin-rash-sparing-a-plaque-of-erythema-migrans-renb%C3%A3-k-phenomenon-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
M Dumas, L Blum, E Begon
INTRODUCTION: Renbök phenomenon describes the inhibition of a lesion when a different one appears. We describe the first case of Renbök phenomenon occurring in a context of erythema migrans (EM) spared by an amoxicillin-induced skin rash and we also present a literature review. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old patient was treated with amoxicillin for EM on the right knee and subsequently developed generalized erythema as a result of an antibiotic-induced skin rash, with sparing of the area previously affected by EM...
August 2, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777458/increased-expression-of-pd-l1-and-pd-l2-in-dermal-fibroblasts-from-alopecia-areata-mice
#6
Yunyuan Li, Ruhi T Kilani, Mohammadreza Pakyari, Gigi Leung, Layla Nabai, Aziz Ghahary
Alopecia areata (AA) is a common autoimmune disorder affecting millions of people worldwide, which manifests as a sudden, non-scarring hair loss. The expression of a pro-inflammatory cytokine, interferon-gamma (INF-γ), has been well established to be involved in the development of AA. As IFN-γ and other cytokines are also known to up-regulate programmed cell death ligand 1 and 2 (PD-L1 and PD-L2), which both negatively control immune responses, we asked whether or not a high number of infiltrated T cells, seen in AA lesions, can modulate the expression of PD-L1 and PD-L2 in skin cells...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761264/a-case-report-of-verruca-vulgaris-on-basis-of-alopecia-areata-successfully-treated-with-diphenylcyclopropenone
#7
Tugba Kevser Uzuncakmak, Mahmut Can Koska, Ayşe Serap Karadağ, Necmettin Akdeniz
Alopecia areata is an autoimmune skin disease which is usually characterized by patchy hair loss in effected regions. Diagnosis usually based on clinical findings and main treatment options include topical, intralesional, systemic corticosteroids, and topical immunotherapy. Verruca vulgaris is an infectious disease caused by human papillomavirus which is usually characterized by well-marginated hyperkeratotic papules or plaques. There are several treatment modalities such as physical and chemical destruction and topical immunotherapy...
January 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761261/presence-of-mast-cells-and-mast-cell-degranulation-in-scalp-biopsies-of-telogen-effluvium
#8
Shane A Grace, Angela M Sutton, Nina Abraham, Eric S Armbrecht, Claudia I Vidal
BACKGROUND: Telogen effluvium (TE) is a type of acquired, diffuse alopecia that occurs due to an abnormal shift of scalp hair follicles from anagen to telogen, leading to premature shedding of hair. Previous studies have suggested the existence of a neuroimmunologic "brain-hair follicle" axis, in which mast cells have been implicated as an important link between the nervous system and immunologic system. OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to investigate the role of mast cell presence and mast cell degranulation in the pathogenesis of TE...
January 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755063/brazilian-experience-of-the-treatment-of-alopecia-universalis-with-the-novel-antirheumatic-therapy-tofacitinib-a-case-series
#9
Morton Scheinberg, Regina Adalva de Lucena Couto Océa, Boris Afonso Cruz, Sineida Berbert Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Alopecia universalis is an autoimmune disorder for which there is no known effective therapy. Tofacitinib-a novel antirheumatic therapy for rheumatoid arthritis-has been shown in some reports to induce sustained hair growth in patients with alopecia universalis. CASE SERIES: Here, we review the experiences of four different rheumatologists across the country regarding four Brazilian patients with alopecia universalis who were treated with tofacitinib ...
July 28, 2017: Rheumatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748378/validation-of-an-egyptian-arabic-version-of-skindex-16-and-quality-of-life-measurement-in-egyptian-patients-with-skin-disease
#10
Nagwa Essa, Sara Awad, Mariam Nashaat
PURPOSE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Skindex-16, a brief skin-disease-specific QoL questionnaire, into Arabic for Egyptians and to evaluate its measurement properties in Egyptian patients with skin disease. METHOD: Translation and cultural adaption were performed following guidelines for cross-cultural adaption of health-related quality of life measures. Subsequently, Skindex-16 was administered to 500 consecutive dermatological patients and 500 healthy persons for verification of its reliability and validity...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747284/comorbid-autoimmune-diseases-in-patients-with-pemphigus-a-nationwide-case-control-study-in-taiwan
#11
Yun-Wen Chiu, Yen-Da Chen, Tuan-Chun Hua, Chi-Hung Wu, Han-Nan Liu, Yun-Ting Chang
Previous studies have proposed the association between pemphigus and several autoimmune diseases, but no large-scale study has been reported. To delineate the association between pemphigus and autoimmune diseases including psoriasis. A total of 1,998 patients with pemphigus and 7,992 control subjects were enrolled from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan from 1997 to 2010. The odds of comorbidities between these two groups were analysed by multivariate logistic regression. Compared with control subjects, patients with pemphigus were much more likely to have Sjögren's syndrome (odds ratio [OR]: 15...
July 27, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722460/-psychological-consequences-of-hair-loss
#12
Zora Dubská
Hair plays an important role in human life. Quantitative or qualitative changes of hair are therefore perceived unfavorably. The psychological consequences of hair loss are described in both androgenic alopecia and alopecia areata. Alopecia areata should be distinguished from other diagnostic units such as trichotillomania. The issue of hair disease requires a multidisciplinary collaboration, in which the dermatologist has a key role to play.
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717940/alopecia-areata-a-comprehensive-review-of-pathogenesis-and-management
#13
REVIEW
Ralph M Trüeb, Maria Fernanda Reis Gavazzoni Dias
Alopecia areata is a common hair loss condition that is characterized by acute onset of non-scarring hair loss in usually sharply defined areas ranging from small patches to extensive or less frequently diffuse involvement. Depending on its acuity and extent, hair loss is an important cause of anxiety and disability. The current understanding is that the condition represents an organ-specific autoimmune disease of the hair follicle with a genetic background. Genome-wide association studies provide evidence for the involvement of both innate and acquired immunity in the pathogenesis, and mechanistic studies in mouse models of alopecia areata have specifically implicated an IFN-γ-driven immune response, including IFNγ, IFNγ-induced chemokines and cytotoxic CD8 T cells as the main drivers of disease pathogenesis...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714061/establishing-and-prioritising-research-questions-for-the-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hair-loss-excluding-alopecia-areata-the-hair-loss-priority-setting-partnership
#14
A Macbeth, J Tomlinson, A Messenger, K Moore-Millar, C Michaelides, A Shipman, J Kassim, J Brockley, W Szczecinska, P Farrant, R Robinson, J Rodgers, J Chambers, S Upadhyaya, M Harries
BACKGROUND: Hair and scalp problems are common. Unfortunately, many uncertainties exist around the most effective management and treatments strategies for these disorders. OBJECTIVES: To identify uncertainties in hair loss management, prevention, diagnosis and treatment that are important to both people with hair loss and healthcare professionals. METHODS: A hair loss priority setting partnership was established between patients, their carers and relatives, and healthcare professionals to identify the most important uncertainties in hair loss...
July 17, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702966/possible-role-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-diseases-of-dermatological-interest
#15
C Guarneri, J Lotti, M Fioranelli, M G Roccia, T Lotti, F Guarneri
Helicobacter pylori is a gram-negative, flagellate, microaerophilic bacterium identified for the first time about 30 years ago, as a pathogenic factor of gastritis and peptic ulcer. Soon after, it was linked to several gastrointestinal and extra-gastrointestinal diseases (hematological, cardiovascular, neurological, pulmonary and ocular diseases, obesity, diabetes mellitus, growth retardation and extragastric MALT lymphoma). Association and possible cause-effect correlation with H. pylori infection were suggested in diseases of dermatological interest such as chronic urticaria, rosacea, Henoch-Schoenleins purpura, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, cutaneous and oral lichen planus, atopic dermatitis, recurrent aphthous stomatitis, systemic sclerosis, psoriasis, Sjögrens syndrome, Behçet's disease, pruritus, alopecia areata, primary cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphomas, vitiligo, chronic prurigo, multiformis, prurigo nodularis, leukocytoclastic vasculitis, prurigo pigmentosa, eczema nummulare, primary cutaneous MALT-type lymphoma, sublamina densa-type linear IgA bullous dermatosis, Sweet's syndrome, cutaneous T-cell pseudolymphoma and pemphigus vulgaris...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701183/ruxolitinib-found-to-cause-eyelash-growth-a-case-report
#16
Julia Song, Alice Song, Trisa Palmares, Michael Song, Harold Song
BACKGROUND: Hypereosinophilic syndrome is a hematologic disorder in which the eosinophils proliferate. Oral Janus kinase inhibitors are known to be effective treating hypereosinophilic syndrome. Janus kinase inhibitors have also demonstrated efficacy in alopecia. Madarosis is a condition in which the eyelashes are missing or absent and can been seen in alopecia patients. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 77-year-old Asian man who was diagnosed with hypereosinophilic syndrome, refractive to all medications except ruxolitinib...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698747/association-among-thyroid-dysfunction-asthma-allergic-rhinitis-and-eczema-in-children-with-alopecia-areata
#17
Javad Ghaffari, Ghasem Rahmatpour Rokni, Armaghan Kazeminejad, Hosein Abedi
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata is a non-scarring hair loss, which typically starts quickly. Atopy is one of the possible predisposing risk factors for this condition. AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of thyroid disease, atopic dermatitis and allergic diseases in children with alopecia areata and compare the results with healthy individuals. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted on 50 patients with alopecia areata, diagnosed by a dermatologist, and 150 healthy individuals as the control group...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685843/oxidative-stress-management-in-the-hair-follicle-could-targeting-nrf2-counter-age-related-hair-disorders-and-beyond
#18
REVIEW
Laura Jadkauskaite, Pierre A Coulombe, Matthias Schäfer, Albena T Dinkova-Kostova, Ralf Paus, Iain S Haslam
Widespread expression of the transcription factor, nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2), which maintains redox homeostasis, has recently been identified in the hair follicle (HF). Small molecule activators of NRF2 may therefore be useful in the management of HF pathologies associated with redox imbalance, ranging from HF greying and HF ageing via androgenetic alopecia and alopecia areata to chemotherapy-induced hair loss. Indeed, NRF2 activation has been shown to prevent peroxide-induced hair growth inhibition...
August 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670255/25-hydroxyvitamin-d-status-in-patients-with-alopecia-areata
#19
Seval Erpolat, Evren Sarifakioglu, Abdullah Ayyildiz
INTRODUCTION: Alopecia areata (AA) is a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease that causes inflammation around anagen-phase hair follicles. Insufficient levels of vitamin D have been implicated in a variety of autoimmune diseases. AIM: To investigate the status of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in patients with AA, serum 25(OH)D concentrations were compared between AA patients and healthy controls and thus determine if a possible association exists between serum 25(OH)D levels and AA...
June 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646393/the-changing-landscape-of-alopecia-areata-the-therapeutic-paradigm
#20
REVIEW
Yael Renert-Yuval, Emma Guttman-Yassky
Alopecia areata (AA), a prevalent inflammatory cause of hair loss, lacks FDA-approved therapeutics for extensive cases, which are associated with very poor rates of spontaneous hair regrowth and major psychological distress. Current treatments for severe cases include broad immune-suppressants, which are associated with significant adverse effects, precluding long-term use, with rapid hair loss following treatment termination. As a result of the extent of the disease in severe cases, topical contact sensitizers and intralesional treatments are of limited use...
July 2017: Advances in Therapy
keyword
keyword
82787
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"