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Masked Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531258/the-reproducibility-of-racial-differences-in-ambulatory-blood-pressure-phenotypes-and-measurements
#1
Aamir Husain, Feng-Chang Lin, Laura A Tuttle, Emily Olsson, Anthony J Viera
BACKGROUND: We examined the reproducibility of differences in ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM) phenotypes and other parameters (sustained hypertension, masked hypertension, nocturnal hypertension, and nondipping) between African Americans and Whites. METHODS: A total of 420 participants untreated for hypertension attended 2 research visits 1 week apart during which traditional office BP averages and ABPM session averages were determined. We computed percent agreement in ABPM phenotypes across the 2 visits stratified by race and associated kappa statistics with 95% confidence intervals...
May 22, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527475/the-oximapa-study-hypertension-control-by-abpm-and-association-with-sleep-apnea-syndrome-by-pulse-oximetry
#2
Tiago Maricoto, Eurico Alves Rodrigues Silva, Pedro Damião, José Mesquita Bastos
INTRODUCTION: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring by automatic device is the best blood pressure evaluation method and sleep apnea syndrome is the leading cause of poor control. Oximetry allows screening these individuals but its usefulness has been poorly explored in Primary Health Care. The aim was to evaluate the blood pressure control at the office and with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring by automatic device and to relate it to sleep apnea syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We selected a sample of 50 participants, representative of 3036 hypertensive patients...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503434/comparison-of-isolated-check-visual-evoked-potential-and-standard-automated-perimetry-in-early-glaucoma-and-high-risk-ocular-hypertension
#3
Xiang-Wu Chen, Ying-Xi Zhao
AIM: To compare the diagnostic performance of isolated-check visual evoked potential (icVEP) and standard automated perimetry (SAP), for evaluating the application values of icVEP in the detection of early glaucoma. METHODS: Totally 144 subjects (288 eyes) were enrolled in this study. icVEP testing was performed with the Neucodia visual electrophysiological diagnostic system. A 15% positive-contrast (bright) condition pattern was used in this device to differentiate between glaucoma patients and healthy control subjects...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496494/effect-of-inhalation-of-lavender-essential-oil-on-vital-signs-in-open-heart-surgery-icu
#4
Armaiti Salamati, Soheyla Mashouf, Faraz Mojab
This study evaluated the effects of inhalation of Lavender essential oil on vital signs in open heart surgery ICU. The main complaint of patients after open-heart surgery is dysrhythmia, tachycardia, and hypertension due to stress and pain. Due to the side effects of chemical drugs, such as opioids, use of non-invasive methods such as aromatherapy for relieving stress and pain parallel to chemical agents could be an important way to decrease the dose and side effects of analgesics. In a multicenter, single-blind trial, 40 patients who had open-heart surgery were recruited...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494060/%C3%AE-zone-parapapillary-atrophy-and-rates-of-glaucomatous-visual-field-progression-african-descent-and-glaucoma-evaluation-study
#5
C Gustavo De Moraes, James T Murphy, Chad M Kaplan, Jeremy J Reimann, Alon Skaat, Dana M Blumberg, Lama Al-Aswad, George A Cioffi, Christopher A Girkin, Felipe A Medeiros, Robert N Weinreb, Linda Zangwill, Jeffrey M Liebmann
Importance: β-zone parapapillary atrophy (βPPA) has been reported as a risk factor for glaucoma onset and progression. Previous studies have shown that the prevalence of βPPA differs between individuals of African descent (AD) and European descent (ED). Objective: To test whether the association between the presence and progression of βPPA vs visual field progression of glaucoma differs between these 2 ancestry groups. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a prospective, multicenter, longitudinal cohort study, 634 individuals (1090 eyes) enrolled in the African Descent and Evaluation Study (ADAGES) with a diagnosis of glaucomatous optic neuropathy (GON) or ocular hypertension (OHT) and at least 2 disc stereophotographs were included...
May 11, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493378/blood-pressure-control-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-hypertensive-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-the-german-t2target-registry
#6
Thomas Mengden, Uwe Ligges, Johanna Mielke, Peter Bramlage, Andrea Korzinek, Walter Sehnert
Blood pressure control in patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertension is poor. It is unclear how effectively general practitioners assess and treat such patients. T2Target included hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who had undergone ambulatory blood pressure monitoring within the past 3 months. Recordings were analyzed by the general practitioner and an independent center and the conclusions were compared. Nighttime hypertension was reported less frequently by the general practitioner in comparison with central assessment (43...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486615/effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-and-the-prevalence-of-unsuccessfully-treated-hypertension-among-white-collar-workers
#7
Xavier Trudel, Alain Milot, Mahée Gilbert-Ouimet, Caroline Duchaine, Line Guénette, Violaine Dalens, Chantal Brisson
We examined the association between effort-reward imbalance (ERI) exposure at work and unsuccessfully treated hypertension among white-collar workers from a large cohort in Quebec City, Canada. The study used a repeated cross sectional design involving three waves of data collection (2000-09). The study sample was composed of 474 workers treated for hypertension, accounting for 739 observations. At each time, ERI was measured using validated scales and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) was measured every 15 minutes during the working day...
May 9, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483916/prevalence-treatment-and-control-rates-of-conventional-and-ambulatory-hypertension-across-10-populations-in-3-continents
#8
Jesus D Melgarejo, Gladys E Maestre, Lutgarde Thijs, Kei Asayama, José Boggia, Edoardo Casiglia, Tine W Hansen, Yutaka Imai, Lotte Jacobs, Jørgen Jeppesen, Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Yan Li, Sofia Malyutina, Yuri Nikitin, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Katarzyna Stolarz-Skrzypek, Ji-Guang Wang, Jan A Staessen
Hypertension is a major global health problem, but prevalence rates vary widely among regions. To determine prevalence, treatment, and control rates of hypertension, we measured conventional blood pressure (BP) and 24-hour ambulatory BP in 6546 subjects, aged 40 to 79 years, recruited from 10 community-dwelling cohorts on 3 continents. We determined how between-cohort differences in risk factors and socioeconomic factors influence hypertension rates. The overall prevalence was 49.3% (range between cohorts, 40...
May 8, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452212/the-prevalence-of-hypertension-in-children-with-renal-scars
#9
Nakysa Hooman, Roya Isa-Tafreshi, Seyed-Hassan Mostafavi, Farideh Hallaji, Azita Tavasoli, Hasan Otukesh
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is a late outcome of congenital or acquired renal scar. We used ambulatory blood pressure to assess the early blood pressure abnormalities in children with history of urinary tract infection with various degrees of renal scars. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2011, 60 (45 females, 15 males) children aged 5-15 years and height equal or more than 120 cm with previous history of febrile urinary tract infection were entered into the study. All children went on 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24-H ABPM)...
June 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438904/loss-of-resistance-to-angiotensin-ii-induced-hypertension-in-the-jackson-laboratory-recombination-activating-gene-null-mouse-on-the-c57bl-6j-background
#10
Hong Ji, Amrita V Pai, Crystal A West, Xie Wu, Robert C Speth, Kathryn Sandberg
Resistance to angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertension in T-cell-deficient male mice with a targeted mutation in the recombination-activating gene-1 (Rag1) on the C57BL/6J background (B6.Rag1(-/-) -M), which was reported by 5 independent laboratories including ours before 2015, has been lost. In mice purchased from Jackson Laboratory in 2015 and 2016, the time course and magnitude increase in mean arterial pressure induced by 2 weeks of Ang II infusion at 490 ng/kg per minute was identical between B6.Rag1(-/-) -M and male wild-type littermates...
June 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401356/development-of-novel-nomograms-to-predict-renal-functional-outcomes-after-laparoscopic-adrenalectomy-in-patients-with-primary-aldosteronism
#11
Takanobu Utsumi, Naoto Kamiya, Mayuko Kaga, Takumi Endo, Masashi Yano, Shuichi Kamijima, Koji Kawamura, Takashi Imamoto, Tomohiko Ichikawa, Hiroyoshi Suzuki
PURPOSE: Most patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) show a significant decrease in kidney function after surgery. Glomerular hyperfiltration peculiar to PA can mask mild renal failure before surgery. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate postoperative renal functional outcomes in PA patients from different viewpoints and to develop novel nomograms that can predict renal functional outcomes in PA patients after surgery. METHODS: 130 Japanese PA patients treated by unilateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy were retrospectively surveyed...
April 11, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387894/the-natural-history-of-prehypertension-a-20-year-follow-up
#12
G Pannarale, C Moroni, M C Acconcia, G Pannitteri, G Truscelli, L Valente, P Gentile, F Lopreiato, R Licitra, M Tancredi, P E Puddu, M L Troccoli, P Cardelli, F Barillà, C Gaudio
OBJECTIVE: According to the JNC7 report, prehypertension category includes subjects with systolic blood pressure between 120 and 139 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure between 80 and 89 mmHg that would be at risk for developing hypertension and its untoward sequelae as myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular disease. Moreover, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring made it possible to detect subjects with masked hypertension, who are at risk of greater target organ damage than those with normal ambulatory or home blood pressure...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381875/masked-uncontrolled-hypertension-in-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis
#13
Wenjin Liu, Liang Wang, Zhuxing Sun, Xiurong Li, Jianmei Zhou, Chaoqing Gao, Hong Chu, Wei Fan, Youwei Bai, Junwei Yang
Masked uncontrolled hypertension (MUCH) has been proven to be associated with increased cardiovascular risk in the general population. We performed the current analysis to determine its prevalence in dialysis patients and its association with pulse wave velocity (PWV). From 368 participants of another cohort study, we selected 145 subjects with controlled predialysis blood pressure (BP). All subjects underwent ambulatory BP monitoring and PWV measurement. MUCH was defined as controlled predialysis BP with daytime BP⩾135/85 mm Hg (definition-1); total ambulatory BP⩾130/80 mm Hg (definition-2); and either daytime BP⩾135/85 mm Hg or nighttime BP⩾120/70 mm Hg (definition-3)...
April 6, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379890/morning-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-the-management-of-hypertension
#14
Ji-Guang Wang, Kazuomi Kario, Jeong-Bae Park, Chen-Huan Chen
: The aim of the current article is to review the current evidence on the role of morning blood pressure (BP) in the management of hypertension. Morning BP surge had been and will continue to be a hot topic of hypertension research. However, more evidence is needed to prove its clinical usefulness in the management of hypertension. Masked morning hypertension, as the other forms of masked hypertension, requires more research. The concept of morning BP monitoring could be clinically relevant in the therapeutic management of hypertension and in the prevention of cardiovascular complications by defining and treating morning hypertension...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378550/discrepancies-in-clinic-and-ambulatory-blood-pressure-in-korean-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#15
Yun Kyu Oh, Ho Jun Chin, Shin Young Ahn, Jung Nam An, Jung Pyo Lee, Chun Soo Lim, Kook Hwan Oh
Blood pressure (BP) control is considered the most important treatment for preventing chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression and associated cardiovascular complications. However, clinic BP is insufficient to diagnose hypertension (HT) and to monitor overall BP control because it does not correlate well with ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). We enrolled 387 hypertensive CKD patients (stages G1-G4, 58.4% male with median age 61 years) from 3 hospitals in Korea. HT of clinic BP and ABPM was classified as ≥ 140/90 and ≥ 130/80 mmHg, respectively...
May 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377560/recent-advances-in-the-pathophysiology-of-arterial-hypertension-potential-implications-for-clinical-practice
#16
Dagmara Hering, Andrzej Trzebski, Krzysztof Narkiewicz
Hypertension remains a major and growing public health problem associated with the greatest global rate of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although numerous factors contribute to poor control of blood pressure (BP) and to pseudoresistance (eg, unawareness, lifestyle habits, nonadherence to medication, insufficient treatment, drug‑induced hypertension, undiagnosed secondary causes), true resistant hypertension (RH) is reported in 10.1% of patients treated for elevated BP. While the mechanisms underlying RH remain complex and not entirely understood, sympathetic activation involved in the pathophysiology of hypertension, disease progression, and adverse complications is further augmented in patients with drug‑resistant hypertension...
March 1, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371482/additive-effects-and-safety-of-fixed-combination-therapy-with-1-brinzolamide-and-0-5-timolol-versus-1-dorzolamide-and-0-5-timolol-in-prostaglandin-treated-glaucoma-patients
#17
Makoto Aihara, Misato Adachi, Hiroshi Matsuo, Tetsuya Togano, Takeo Fukuchi, Noriyuki Sasaki
PURPOSE: To compare the additive effects and safety of 1% brinzolamide/0.5% timolol fixed combination (BTFC) versus the low-dose regimen of 1% dorzolamide/0.5% timolol fixed combination (DTFC) in patients with open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension (OAG/OH) following treatment with prostaglandin analogues (PGAs). METHODS: A prospective, randomized, double-masked, multicentre, parallel-group and active-controlled study included 201 Japanese OAG/OH patients who had been treated with PGA...
April 3, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331629/congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Praveen Kumar Chandrasekharan, Munmun Rawat, Rajeshwari Madappa, David H Rothstein, Satyan Lakshminrusimha
Congenital Diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a condition characterized by a defect in the diaphragm leading to protrusion of abdominal contents into the thoracic cavity interfering with normal development of the lungs. The defect may range from a small aperture in the posterior muscle rim to complete absence of diaphragm. The pathophysiology of CDH is a combination of lung hypoplasia and immaturity associated with persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn (PPHN) and cardiac dysfunction. Prenatal assessment of lung to head ratio (LHR) and position of the liver by ultrasound are used to diagnose and predict outcomes...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319936/correction-fixed-dose-combination-of-ar-13324-and-latanoprost-a-double-masked-28-day-randomised-controlled-study-in-patients-with-open-angle-glaucoma-or-ocular-hypertension
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306674/utility-of-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-for-the-management-of-hypertension
#20
Patrick T Campbell, William B White
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypertension is a leading cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, affecting nearly 80 million individuals in the United States alone. Accurate measurement of blood pressure (BP) is the crucial first step to reduce the associated cardiovascular risk of hypertension. For decades, clinicians have relied on office BP measurements for the diagnosis and subsequent management of hypertension. However, it has been clearly demonstrated that ambulatory BP measurements are a better predictor of cardiovascular risk and can provide clinicians with important additional information to improve BP control and reduce cardiovascular risk...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
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