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Masked Hypertension

Arash Kazemi, Jay W McLaren, Casey C Kopczynski, Theresa G Heah, Gary D Novack, Arthur J Sit
PURPOSE: Netarsudil, an inhibitor of Rho kinase and a norepinephrine transporter, has been shown to lower elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in controlled studies of patients with open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension, and in healthy volunteers. The mechanism of this ocular hypotensive effect in humans is unknown. METHODS: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of netarsudil 0.02% on aqueous humor dynamics (AHD) parameters. In this double-masked, vehicle-controlled, paired-eye comparison study, 11 healthy volunteers received topical netarsudil ophthalmic solution 0...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Panagiotis I Georgianos, Eleni Champidou, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Elias V Balaskas, Pantelis E Zebekakis
In the era of newly introduced hypertension guidelines recommending lower blood pressure (BP) targets for drug-treated hypertensives, the necessity for optimized management of hypertension becomes even more urgent. The concept of home BP-guided antihypertensive therapy is for long suggested as a simple and feasible approach to improve BP control rates and optimize the management of hypertension. Home BP-guided antihypertensive therapy is particularly applicable to hypertensives with chronic kidney disease (CKD) for several reasons including the following: (1) difficult-to-control BP and high BP variability in the CKD setting; (2) poor accuracy of office BP in determining hypertension control status and detecting "white-coat" and "masked" hypertension; (3) poor value of routine office BP recordings in predicting the longitudinal progression of target-organ damage; and (4) superiority of home BP over office BP recordings in prognosticating the risk of incident end-stage renal disease or death...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Eugenia Gkaliagkousi, Eleni Gavriilaki, Areti Triantafyllou, Barbara Nikolaidou, Panagiota Anyfanti, Nikolaos Koletsos, Anastasios Vamvakis, Konstantina Dipla, Antonios Lazaridis, Stella Douma
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is a robust marker of endothelial dysfunction in patients with essential hypertension. We investigated ADMA levels and their association with vascular damage in untreated hypertension. We enrolled consecutive patients with untreated, recently diagnosed hypertension and age-matched normotensive individuals. 24-hour blood pressure, central hemodynamics, and arterial stiffness were recorded. A total of 311 individuals were studied: 165 with essential hypertension, 50 with masked hypertension, 25 with white-coat hypertension, and 71 normotensive individuals...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Laura Benschop, Johannes J Duvekot, Jorie Versmissen, Valeska van Broekhoven, Eric A P Steegers, Jeanine E Roeters van Lennep
Preeclampsia increases the long-term risk of cardiovascular disease, possibly through occurrence of hypertension after delivery, such as masked hypertension, night-time hypertension, and an adverse systolic night-to-day blood pressure (BP) ratio. These types of hypertension are often unnoticed and can only be detected with ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). We aimed to determine hypertension prevalence and 24-hour BP pattern with ABPM and office BP measurements in women 1 year after severe preeclampsia. This is a retrospective cohort study...
March 2018: Hypertension
Fang-Fei Wei, Wen-Yi Yang, Lutgarde Thijs, Zhen-Yu Zhang, Nicholas Cauwenberghs, Jan Van Keer, Qi-Fang Huang, Blerim Mujaj, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Karel Allegaert, Peter Verhamme, Jan A Staessen
BACKGROUND: No longitudinal study compared associations of echocardiographic indexes of diastolic left ventricular function studies with conventional (CBP) and daytime ambulatory (ABP) blood pressure in the general population. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 780 Flemish (mean age, 50.2 years; 51.7% women), we measured left atrial volume index (LAVI), peak velocities of the transmitral blood flow (E) and mitral annular movement (e') in early diastole and E/e' 9.6 years (median) after CBP and ABP...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Ozlem Tiryaki, Celalettin Usalan, Mehmet Tarakcioglu
Urinary <AQ: Please check whether all the edits made in this paper convey your intended meaning, and correct if necessary.>angiotensinogen (UAGT) level is an index of the intrarenal-renin angiotensin system status and is significantly correlated with blood pressure (BP) and proteinuria in patients with hypertension (HT). We aimed to investigate the possible relationship between UAGT levels and albuminuria in masked hypertensives. A total of 96 nondiabetic treated hypertensive patients were included in this study...
February 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Selçuk Özkan, Naim Ata, Bunyamin Yavuz
OBJECTIVES: Masked hypertension is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular conditions. The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationship obesity parameters, including body weight, waist circumference, and body mass index. METHODS: The study group consisted of 251 consecutive outpatient subjects without overt hypertension. Subjects were classified according to BMI. After a complete medical history and laboratory examination, patients' height, weight, waist circumference heart rate, and office blood pressure were recorded...
February 8, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Erica E ElSeed Peterson, Daniel Mauriello
Post-patent ductus arteriosus ligation syndrome is common, but rarely has hypertension been described following ductal ligation with an unclear mechanism. We report a case of an infant who exhibited features of post-patent ductus arteriosus ligation syndrome and hypertension, but was found to have bilateral renal artery stenosis. Increased systemic vascular resistance can be masked by the parallel circuit physiology of a patent ductus arteriosus.
February 7, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
Alan L Hinderliter, Raven A Voora, Anthony J Viera
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the data supporting the use of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), and to provide practical guidance for practitioners who are establishing an ambulatory monitoring service. RECENT FINDINGS: ABPM results more accurately reflect the risk of cardiovascular events than do office measurements of blood pressure. Moreover, many patients with high blood pressure in the office have normal blood pressure on ABPM-a pattern known as white coat hypertension-and have a prognosis similar to individuals who are normotensive in both settings...
February 5, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
A Yamaguchi, P Knoblovits
We present a 45-year-old patient with Klinefelter syndrome, with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, dyslipidemia, obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome and masked arterial hypertension. The purpose of this presentation is to draw attention to the increased cardiovascular risk in these patients and to review the data in the literature on this risk.
February 2, 2018: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
Mohan Palla, Hamidreza Saber, Sanjana Konda, Alexandros Briasoulis
Background: As many as one-third of individuals with normal office blood pressure (BP) are diagnosed with masked hypertension (HTN) based on ambulatory BP measurements (ABPM). Masked HTN is associated with higher risk of sustained HTN (SH) and increased cardiovascular morbidity. Methods: The present study was designed to systematically review cohort studies and assess the effects of masked HTN compared to normotension and SH on cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality...
2018: Integrated Blood Pressure Control
Giuliano Tocci, Vivianne Presta, Ilaria Figliuzzi, Nadia Attalla El Halabieh, Allegra Battistoni, Roberta Coluccia, Michela D'Agostino, Andrea Ferrucci, Massimo Volpe
The aim of this study was to analyze prevalence and clinical outcomes of the following clinical conditions: normotension (NT; clinic BP < 140/90 mm Hg; 24-hour BP < 130/80 mm Hg), white-coat hypertension (WCHT; clinic BP ≥ 140 and/or ≥90 mm Hg; 24-hour BP < 130/80 mm Hg), masked hypertension (MHT; clinic BP < 140/90 mm Hg; 24-hour BP ≥ 130 and/or ≥80 mm Hg), and sustained hypertension (SHT; clinic BP ≥ 140 and/or ≥90 mm Hg; 24-hour BP ≥ 130 and/or ≥80 mm Hg) in a large cohort of adult untreated individuals...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Bailey DeBarmore, Feng-Chang Lin, Laura A Tuttle, Emily Olsson, Alan Hinderliter, Jeffrey L Klein, Anthony J Viera
Blood pressure (BP) variability is associated with progression to clinical atherosclerosis. The evidence is inconclusive if BP variability predicts cardiovascular outcomes in low-risk populations. The aim of this study was to analyze the association of 24-hour BP variability with coronary artery calcium (CAC) among a group of individuals without coronary artery disease. The Masked Hypertension Study targeted patients with borderline high BP (120-149 mm Hg systolic and/or 80-95 mm Hg diastolic). Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) was performed at two time-points, 8 days apart...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Margit Bistrup Fischer, Ebbe Thingaard, Anita Sylvest Andersen, Anja Bisgaard Pinborg
Hypertension during pregnancy is one of the leading causes of maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality. Monitoring of blood pressure is therefore an essential part of prenatal care. Masked hypertension, where blood pressure levels are elevated at home despite normal blood pressure levels monitored in a clinical setting, may lead to cardiovascular and obstetric complications equal to those of sustained hypertension. This article discusses masked hypertension and the need for further investigation of blood pressure monitoring during pregnancy...
January 22, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Carolina de Souza Carneiro, Polyana Morais, Vanessa Roriz, Karla Lorena Mendonça, Flávia Miquetichuc Nascente, Thaís Inácio Rolim Póvoa, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Paulo César Veiga Jardim
PURPOSE: Population-based studies estimating prevalence's of white-coat, masked and sustained hypertension in non-European adolescents are needed, particularly in developing countries. Aiming to determine these estimates and, additionally identify factors associated to these conditions this study was conducted. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a representative sample of secondary school students from a Brazilian state capital. Office measurements were performed with validated semi-automatic devices...
January 5, 2018: Blood Pressure
Gina-Marie Barletta, Christopher Pierce, Mark Mitsnefes, Joshua Samuels, Bradley A Warady, Susan Furth, Joseph Flynn
Uncontrolled hypertension in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been identified as one of the main factors contributing to progression of CKD and increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Recent efforts to achieve better blood pressure (BP) control have been recommended. The primary objective of this analysis was to compare BP control over 2 time periods among participants enrolled in the CKiD study (Chronic Kidney Disease in Children). Casual BP and 24-hour ambulatory BP monitor data were compared among 851 participants during 2 time periods: January 1, 2005, through July 1, 2008 (period 1, n=345), and July 1, 2010, through December 31, 2013 (period 2, n=506)...
January 2, 2018: Hypertension
Wilbert S Aronow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
Samantha G Bromfield, John N Booth, Matthew S Loop, Joseph E Schwartz, Samantha R Seals, Stephen J Thomas, Yuan-I Min, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Daichi Shimbo, Paul Muntner
OBJECTIVE: We determined differences in the prevalence of blood pressure (BP) phenotypes and the association of these phenotypes with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) for individuals who fulfilled and did not fulfill various criteria used for defining a complete ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) recording. METHODS: We analyzed data for 1141 participants from the Jackson Heart Study. Criteria evaluated included having greater than or equal to 80% of planned readings with more than or equal to one reading per hour (Spanish ABPM Registry criteria), more than or equal to 70% of planned readings with a minimum of 20 daytime and seven nighttime readings (2013 European Society of Hypertension criteria), greater than or equal to 14 daytime and greater than or equal to seven nighttime readings (2003 European Society of Hypertension criteria), more than or equal to 10 daytime and more than or equal to 5 nighttime readings (International Database of Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Relation to Cardiovascular Outcome criteria), and greater than or equal to 14 daytime readings (UK National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence criteria)...
December 13, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
R E Kalinin, I A Suchkov, I I Shitov, N D Mzhavanadze, V O Povarov
The problem of venous thromboembolic complications (VTECs) in patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) is extremely important today because of an annually increasing number of surgical interventions for life-threatening arrhythmias and chronic heart failure. There are hitherto no clearly defined reliable risk factors for VTECs due to heterogeneity of the available literature data. Some sources point to elevated thrombus formation in patients with a large number of electrodes, in repeat operative interventions, in the presence of a temporary pacemaker, in implantation on the left side, silicon cover of an electrode, others refute these facts...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
Tanya S Kenkre, Pankaj Malhotra, B Delia Johnson, Eileen M Handberg, Diane V Thompson, Oscar C Marroquin, William J Rogers, Carl J Pepine, C Noel Bairey Merz, Sheryl F Kelsey
BACKGROUND: The WISE study (Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation) was a prospective cohort study of 936 clinically stable symptomatic women who underwent coronary angiography to evaluate symptoms and signs of ischemia. Long-term mortality data for such women are limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: Obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) was defined as ≥50% stenosis on angiography by core laboratory. We conducted a National Death Index search to assess the mortality of women who were alive at their final WISE contact date...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
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