keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

dsRNA

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731031/nlrp9b-a-novel-rna-sensing-inflammasome-complex
#1
Chinh Ngo, Si Ming Man
Inflammasome sensors recognize pathogens and danger signals and assemble an immune signaling complex, which induces the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18, and pyroptosis. A new study published in Nature now describes a new inflammasome sensor NLRP9b in intestinal epithelial cells, which in concert with the RNA sensor DHX9, recognize short dsRNA from Rotavirus.
July 21, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723582/overexpression-and-purification-of-dicer-and-accessory-proteins-for-biochemical-and-structural-studies
#2
Niladri K Sinha, Brenda L Bass
The Dicer family of ribonucleases plays a key role in small RNA-based regulatory pathways by generating short dsRNA fragments that modulate expression of endogenous genes, or protect the host from invasive nucleic acids. Beginning with its initial discovery, biochemical characterization of Dicer has provided insight about its catalytic properties. However, a comprehensive understanding of how Dicer's domains contribute to substrate-specific recognition and catalysis is lacking. One reason for this void is the lack of high-resolution structural information for a metazoan Dicer in the apo- or substrate-bound state...
July 16, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722589/silencing-of-two-vitellogenin-genes-inhibits-oviposition-in-the-chagas-disease-vector-triatoma-infestans-hemiptera-reduviidae
#3
María J Blariza, Carla G Grosso, Beatriz A García
RNA interference caused by exogenous double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) is used to downregulate crucial genes to control insects. The reproductive success of all oviparous species depends on vitellogenin (Vg) biosynthesis and its accumulation in the developing oocytes. Adult females of Triatoma infestans were independently injected with two Vg dsRNAs (Vg1 dsRNA or Vg2 dsRNA) or nuclease-free water (control) 24 hours before feeding, and a group of adult females not injected was also analyzed (control). Vg1 and Vg2 messenger RNA silencing was verified by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717187/the-inducible-blockage-of-rnai-reveals-a-role-for-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-the-regulation-of-dsrna-endocytic-capacity-in-bactrocera-dorsalis
#4
Xiaolong Dong, Xiaoxue Li, Qiujia Li, Hongmei Jia, Hongyu Zhang
Exogenous double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) can trigger gene silencing through the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway. Our previous research established that Bactrocera dorsalis can block RNAi after an initial priming of exposure to dsRNA. However, the mechanism underlying this phenomenon is not yet fully understood. Here, we demonstrate that fatty acid biosynthesis and metabolism pathways play important roles in the blockage of RNAi induced by dsRNA priming. The ratio of linoleic acid (LA) to arachidonic acid (AA) was significantly increased in the hemolymph of B...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709722/involvement-of-dopamine-beta-hydroxylase-in-the-neuroendocrine-immune-regulatory-network-of-white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei
#5
Winton Cheng, Ya-Wen Ka, Chin-Chyuan Chang
In shrimp, the biosynthesis of catecholamines, including dopamine and norepinephrine, is required for physiological and immunological responses against stress. Dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH), a copper-containing monooxygenase enzyme that plays an important role in catecholamine synthesis of the neuroendocrine regulatory network, was identified in Litopenaeus vannamei. In the present study, the potential role of DBH in the immunocompetence of L. vannamei was further estimated by depleting DBH by pharmaceutical inhibition of disulfiram and a gene silencing technique of L...
July 11, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709400/broad-range-potential-of-asphodelus-microcarpus-leaves-extract-for-drug-development
#6
Amalia Di Petrillo, Antonella Fais, Francesca Pintus, Celestino Santos-Buelga, Ana M González-Paramás, Vincenzo Piras, Germano Orrù, Antonello Mameli, Enzo Tramontano, Aldo Frau
BACKGROUND: Many plants have been used in traditional medicine for their antibacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal, antiviral, antidiarrhoeal, analgesic, antimalarial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer activities. In order to find novel antimicrobial and antiviral agents, the aim of the present study was the evaluation of the antibacterial and antibiofilm susceptibility of Asphodelus microcarpus leaves extract. Moreover, the antiviral activity and the phytochemical composition of the active extract were also determined...
July 14, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705724/chse-214-a-model-for-studying-extracellular-dsrna-sensing-in-vitro
#7
A Monjo, S J Poynter, S J DeWitte-Orr
Double stranded RNA (dsRNA) is produced by almost all viruses during their replicative cycle and is a potent inducer of the innate antiviral immune response including inducing expression of type I interferons (IFNs) and interferon stimulated genes (ISGs). During lytic virus infections intracellular dsRNA can escape into the extracellular space, where surface pattern recognition receptors, such as class A scavenger receptors (SR-As) facilitate its binding and entry into neighbouring cells. Studying extracellular dsRNA entry is difficult due to the ubiquitous expression profile and compensatory dsRNA binding characteristics of SR-As; a SR-A deficient cell line has yet to be identified...
July 10, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704448/rnai-based-reverse-genetics-in-the-chelicerate-model-tetranychus-urticae-a-comparative-analysis-of-five-methods-for-gene-silencing
#8
Takeshi Suzuki, Maria Andreia Nunes, María Urizarna España, Hooman Hosseinzadeh Namin, Pengyu Jin, Nicolas Bensoussan, Vladimir Zhurov, Tawhid Rahman, Rebecca De Clercq, Pierre Hilson, Vojislava Grbic, Miodrag Grbic
RNA interference (RNAi) can be used for the protection against agricultural pests through the silencing of genes required for pest fitness. To assess the potential of RNAi approaches in the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, we compared 5 methods for the delivery of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). These methods include mite feeding on either (i) leaves floating on a dsRNA solution, (ii) dsRNA-expressing plants, (iii) artificial diet supplemented with dsRNA, or (iv) dsRNA-coated leaves, and (v) mite soaking in a dsRNA solution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702377/dsrna-binding-domain-of-pkr-is-proteolytically-released-by-enterovirus-a71-to-facilitate-viral-replication
#9
Yu-Hsiu Chang, Kean Seng Lau, Rei-Lin Kuo, Jim-Tong Horng
Enterovirus 71 (EV-A71) causes hand, foot and mouth disease in young children and infants, but can also cause severe neurological complications or even death. The double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-dependent protein kinase R (PKR), an interferon-induced antiviral protein, phosphorylates the regulatory α-subunit of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 in response to viral infection, thereby blocking the translation of cellular and viral mRNA and promoting apoptosis. The cleavage of PKR after infection with poliovirus, a prototype enterovirus, has been reported by others, but the underlying mechanism of this cleavage and its role in viral replication remain unclear...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699869/hepatitis-c-virus-in-vitro-replication-is-efficiently-inhibited-by-acridone-fac4
#10
Guilherme Rodrigues Fernandes Campos, Cíntia Bittar, Ana Carolina Gomes Jardim, Jacqueline Farinha Shimizu, Mariana Nogueira Batista, Eder Ramos Paganini, Letícia Ribeiro de Assis, Christopher Bartlett, Mark Harris, Vanderlan da Silva Bolzani, Luis Octavio Regasini, Paula Rahal
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) affects about 170 million people worldwide. The current treatment has a high cost and variable response rates according to the virus genotype. Acridones, a group of compounds extracted from natural sources, showed potential antiviral actions against HCV. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of a panel of 14 synthetic acridones on the HCV life cycle. The compounds were screened using an Huh7.5 cell line stably harbouring the HCV genotype 2a subgenomic replicon SGR-Feo-JFH-1...
July 12, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698128/genome-wide-identification-characterization-and-expression-analyses-of-tlrs-in-yesso-scallop-patinopecten-yessoensis-provide-insight-into-the-disparity-of-responses-to-acidifying-exposure-in-bivalves
#11
Qiang Xing, Huan Liao, Xiaogang Xun, Jing Wang, Zhengrui Zhang, Zujing Yang, Xiaoting Huang, Zhenmin Bao
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a crucial role in innate immunity by recognizing specific pathogen-associated molecular patterns, including lipoproteins, lipopeptides, lipopolysaccharide, flagellin, dsRNA, ssRNA and CpG DNA motifs. Although significant effects of TLRs on immunity have been reported in most vertebrates and some invertebrates, the complete TLR superfamily has not been systematically characterized in scallops. In this study, 18 TLR genes were identified from Yesso scallop (Patinopecten yessoensis) using whole-genome scanning...
July 8, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693467/predicting-rna-hyper-editing-with-a-novel-tool-when-unambiguous-alignment-is-impossible
#12
Wilson H McKerrow, Yiannis A Savva, Ali Rezaei, Robert A Reenan, Charles E Lawrence
BACKGROUND: Repetitive elements are now known to have relevant cellular functions, including self-complementary sequences that form double stranded (ds) RNA. There are numerous pathways that determine the fate of endogenous dsRNA, and misregulation of endogenous dsRNA is a driver of autoimmune disease, particularly in the brain. Unfortunately, the alignment of high-throughput, short-read sequences to repeat elements poses a dilemma: Such sequences may align equally well to multiple genomic locations...
July 10, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687485/double-stranded-rna-is-processed-differently-in-two-oyster-species
#13
Muhammad Masood, Marie E Herberstein, David A Raftos, Sham V Nair
Ostreid herpes virus causes serious disease in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas), but not in the Sydney Rock Oyster (Saccostrea glomerata). To investigate differences in disease progression, we injected oysters with double stranded RNA (dsRNA). dsRNA is known to mimic viral infection, and can evoke immune responses when Toll-like receptors detect the dsRNA, leading to the production of type 1 interferon and inflammation cytokines. The uptake and processing of dsRNA was tracked in gill and mantle tissue of Crassostrea gigas and Saccostrea glomerata after injection of fluorochrome labelled poly (I:C) dsRNA...
July 4, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684768/cloning-and-characterization-of-the-first-serine-carboxypeptidase-from-a-plant-parasitic-nematode-radopholus-similis
#14
Xin Huang, Chun-Ling Xu, Wan-Zhu Chen, Chun Chen, Hui Xie
Radopholus similis is an important parasitic nematode of plants. Serine carboxypeptidases (SCPs) are peptidases that hydrolyse peptides and proteins and play critical roles in the development, invasion, and pathogenesis of certain parasitic nematodes and other animal pathogens. In this study, we obtained the full-length sequence of the SCP gene from R. similis (Rs-scp-1), which is 1665 bp long and includes a 1461-bp open reading frames encoding 486 amino acids with an 18-aa signal peptide. This gene is a double-copy gene in R...
July 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684273/chicken-dna-virus-sensor-ddx41-activates-ifn-%C3%AE-signaling-pathway-dependent-on-sting
#15
Yuqiang Cheng, Yunxia Liu, Yingying Wang, Qiaona Niu, Quanxin Gao, Qiang Fu, Jingjiao Ma, Hengan Wang, Yaxian Yan, Chan Ding, Jianhe Sun
The recognition of pathogenic DNA is important to the initiation of antiviral responses. Here, we report the identification of the first avian DEAD (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp) box polypeptide 41 (DDX41), an important DNA sensor, in chicken cells. In our study, we confirmed that chDDX41 is not an interferon-inducible gene. Knockdown of chDDX41 expression by shRNA blocked the ability of DF-1 cells to mount an IFN-β response to DNA and associated viruses. ChDDX41 mRNAs could be upregulated by double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) analogue poly(dA:dT), but not by double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) analogue poly(I:C)...
July 3, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682766/molecular-characterization-and-functional-analysis-of-a-glutathione-peroxidase-gene-from-aphelenchoides-besseyi-nematoda-aphelenchoididae
#16
Bu-Yong Wang, Rong-Rong Wen, Ling Ma
Aphelenchoides besseyi, the nematode agent of rice tip white disease, causes huge economic losses in almost all the rice-growing regions of the world. Glutathione peroxidase (GPx), an esophageal glands secretion protein, plays important roles in the parasitism, immune evasion, reproduction and pathogenesis of many plant-parasitic nematodes (PPNs). Therefore, GPx is a promising target for control A. besseyi. Here, the full-length sequence of the GPx gene from A. besseyi (AbGPx1) was cloned using the rapid amplification of cDNA ends method...
September 26, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682643/yy1-is-required-for-posttranscriptional-stability-of-sox2-and-oct4-proteins
#17
Mary C Wallingford, Jacob Hiller, Kun Zhang, Jesse Mager
Yinyang1 (YY1) participates in protein-DNA, protein-RNA, and protein-protein interactions and regulates developmental processes and disease mechanisms. YY1 interactions regulate a range of important biological functions, including oocyte maturation, epithelial to mesenchymal transition, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling. We tested the hypothesis that YY1 is required for inner cell mass (ICM) lineage commitment during preimplantation development. In this study, we document gene expression patterns and protein localization of key transcription factors in Yy1 global, tissue-specific, and dsRNA-mediated knockout/down embryos...
July 6, 2017: Cellular Reprogramming
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674802/construction-and-application-of-random-dsrna-interference-library-for-functional-genetic-screens-in-embryonic-stem-cells
#18
Xiaoxing Cheng, Rui Jian
RNA interference (RNAi) libraries have been proven to be a powerful tool for large-scale functional genetic screens. To facilitate high-throughput functional genetic screens in embryonic stem cells, a system for construction of random dsRNA-expressing RNAi libraries was developed. Previous studies have demonstrated that sequence-specific gene silencing could be induced by long dsRNA in mouse embryos, mouse oocytes, embryonic stem cells, and some other mammalian cells. Our study demonstrated that the dsRNA interference library can be used for functional genetic screens of genes involved in self-renewal of embryonic stem cells (ES cells)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665616/quantitative-proteomics-reveals-extensive-changes-in-the-ubiquitinome-after-perturbation-of-the-proteasome-by-targeted-dsrna-mediated-subunit-knockdown-in-drosophila
#19
Karen A Sap, Karel Bezstarosti, Dick H W Dekkers, Olaf Voets, Jeroen A A Demmers
The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS), a highly regulated mechanism including the active marking of proteins by ubiquitin to be degraded, is critical in regulating proteostasis. Dysfunctioning of the UPS has been implicated in diseases such as cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. Here we investigate the effects of proteasome malfunctioning on global proteome and ubiquitinome dynamics using SILAC proteomics in Drosophila S2 cells. dsRNA-mediated knockdown of specific proteasome target subunits is used to inactivate the proteasome...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661470/rotavirus-genomic-rna-complex-forms-via-specific-rna-rna-interactions-disruption-of-rna-complex-inhibits-virus-infectivity
#20
Teodoro Fajardo, Po-Yu Sung, Cristina C Celma, Polly Roy
Rotavirus (RV), a member of the Reoviridae family, causes infection in children and infants, with high morbidity and mortality. To be viable, the virus particle must package a set of eleven RNA segments. In order to understand the packaging mechanism, here, we co-synthesized sets of RNA segments in vitro in different combinations and detected by two alternate methods: the electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and the RNA-bead pull-down assay. We showed that viral positive-sense RNA segments interact with each other in a specific manner, forming RNA complexes, and that the RNA-RNA interactions followed a sequential order initiated by small RV segments...
June 29, 2017: Viruses
keyword
keyword
82783
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"