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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352368/endocrine-therapy-and-related-issues-in-hormone-receptor-positive-early-breast-cancer-a-roundtable-discussion-by-the-breast-cancer-therapy-expert-group-bcteg
#1
REVIEW
Jame Abraham, Humberto Caldera, Robert Coleman, Anthony Elias, Matthew P Goetz, Muaiad Kittaneh, Elyse Lower, Reshma Mahtani, E Terry Mamounas, Mark Pegram, Hope Rugo, Lee Schwartzberg, Tiffany Traina, Chuck Vogel
PURPOSE: Management of breast cancer is a rapidly evolving field, and, although evidence-based guidelines are available for clinicians to provide direction on critical issues in patient care, clinicians often left to address these issues in the context of community practice situations with their patients. These include the patient's comorbid conditions, actual versus perceived benefit of treatments, patient's compliance as well as financial/reimbursement issues, and long-term tolerability of therapy...
January 19, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352362/a-preliminary-examination-of-the-link-between-maternal-experiential-avoidance-and-parental-accommodation-in-anxious-and-non-anxious-children
#2
Leah Feinberg, Caroline Kerns, Donna B Pincus, Jonathan S Comer
Studies point to parental experiential avoidance (EA) as a potential correlate of maladaptive parenting behaviors associated with child anxiety. However, research has not examined the relationship between EA and parental accommodation of child anxiety, nor the extent to which parental negative beliefs about child anxiety help explain such a relationship. In a sample of mothers (N = 45) of anxious and non-anxious children, the present study investigated the potential link between maternal EA and accommodation of child anxiety and whether this link may be indirectly accounted for via maternal negative beliefs about child anxiety...
January 19, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351778/a-qualitative-analysis-of-men-s-involvement-in-maternal-and-child-health-as-a-policy-intervention-in-rural-central-malawi
#3
Elizabeth Mkandawire, Sheryl L Hendriks
BACKGROUND: Men's involvement in maternal and child health presents an opportunity for the advancement of maternal and child nutrition as men often play a key role in decision-making particularly regarding women's reproductive health. While most research on men's involvement in maternal and child health has focused on men's participation in antenatal care, this study focuses specifically on men's involvement in maternal and child nutrition. The purpose of the study is to explore how men's involvement is conceptualised in rural Central Malawi, highlighting the key factors influencing men's involvement in maternal and child health...
January 19, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351568/habits-and-beliefs-related-to-food-supplements-results-of-a-survey-among-italian-students-of-different-education-fields-and-levels
#4
Felice Sirico, Salvatore Miressi, Clotilde Castaldo, Rocco Spera, Stefania Montagnani, Franca Di Meglio, Daria Nurzynska
The increasing availability of food supplements, aggressive media advertising, and common beliefs that these substances have only positive effects on health and sport performance indicate a need for continuous monitoring of this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to investigate the habits and beliefs related to diet supplementation among medical, health professional, and other university/high school students by means of a cross-sectional anonymous survey online. Among the respondents aware of supplements, 37...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351507/-i-smoke-like-this-to-suppress-these-issues-that-are-flaws-of-my-character-challenges-and-facilitators-of-cessation-among-smokers-with-bipolar-disorder
#5
Jaimee L Heffner, Noreen L Watson, Jennifer B McClure, Robert M Anthenelli, Sarah Hohl, Jonathan B Bricker
OBJECTIVE: Smokers with bipolar disorder (BD) have low rates of successful quitting, yet no prior studies have evaluated the process of quitting among these smokers in the context of a current quit attempt. To facilitate development of more effective interventions, we conducted a qualitative exploration of challenges and facilitators of quitting in an intervention study for smokers with BD. METHODS: Participants were adult daily smokers with BD (n = 10) who completed a 10-week smoking cessation intervention consisting of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and nicotine patch...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351402/poststroke-delusions-what-about-the-neuroanatomical-and-neurofunctional-basis
#6
Michele Torrisi, Rosaria De Luca, Patrizia Pollicino, Simona Leonardi, Silvia Marino, Giuseppa Maresca, Maria Grazia Maggio, Adriana Piccolo, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
Delusion is a belief about yourself, people, or events that has no accordance with reality. Although it is known that stroke could cause various psychiatric and psychological effects, including depression, anxiety, and aggressiveness, psychotic symptoms, especially delusions, are rather uncommon. The most investigated poststroke delusions are paranoid type, nihilistic, and Fregoli syndrome. We will describe two patients showing delusion symptoms (Cotard-like and erotomanic ones) that occurred after a stroke involving the right temporal lobe, the basal ganglia and insular region, persisting for a long period after the stroke onset...
January 19, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351367/accurate-understanding-of-infertility-risk-among-families-of-adolescent-males-newly-diagnosed-with-cancer
#7
Vicky Lehmann, Jessica S Flynn, Rebecca H Foster, Kathryn M Russell, James L Klosky
OBJECTIVE: To examine patient and parent understanding of infertility risk (relative to oncologists' risk ratings) among adolescents newly diagnosed with cancer, and to identify background factors related to inaccurate reporting/estimating. METHODS: Male patients (N=137; aged 13-21) and their parents completed self-report questionnaires. Those who reported a fertility-related conversation with their provider (N=102 adolescents, N=74 parents), reported their infertility risk (i...
January 19, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351297/a-fast-combination-method-in-dsmt-and-its-application-to-recommender-system
#8
Yilin Dong, Xinde Li, Yihai Liu
In many applications involving epistemic uncertainties usually modeled by belief functions, it is often necessary to approximate general (non-Bayesian) basic belief assignments (BBAs) to subjective probabilities (called Bayesian BBAs). This necessity occurs if one needs to embed the fusion result in a system based on the probabilistic framework and Bayesian inference (e.g. tracking systems), or if one needs to make a decision in the decision making problems. In this paper, we present a new fast combination method, called modified rigid coarsening (MRC), to obtain the final Bayesian BBAs based on hierarchical decomposition (coarsening) of the frame of discernment...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351045/gender-views-and-relationships-in-families-of-children-with-craniofacial-differences
#9
Danielle N Shapiro, Jennifer Waljee, Steven Buchman, Kavitha Ranganathan, Seth Warshcausky
OBJECTIVE: Gender values and beliefs are known to influence family functioning. The aim of the current study was to describe the association between views about gender and family functioning within families with a child with a craniofacial difference (CFD). DESIGN: Participants included 74 dyads composed of children (8-18 years old) with CFD (n = 36 female), including cleft lip/palate, and a parent (n = 56 female). Children and caregivers both completed the activities subscale of the Occupations, Activities, and Traits-Attitudes Measure (C/OAT-AM)...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351005/an-integrated-operational-definition-and-conceptual-model-of-asthma-self-management-in-teens
#10
Jennifer Mammen, Hyekyun Rhee, Sally A Norton, Arlene M Butz, Jill S Halterman, Kimberly Arcoleo
OBJECTIVES: A previous definition of adolescent asthma self-management was derived from interviews with clinicians/researchers and published literature; however, it did not incorporate perspectives of teens or parents. Therefore, we conducted in-depth interviews with teens and parents and synthesized present findings with the prior analysis to develop a more encompassing definition and model. METHODS: Focal concepts were qualitatively extracted from 14-day self-management voice-diaries (n = 14) and 1-hour interviews (n = 42) with teens and parents (28 individuals) along with concepts found in the previous clinical/research oriented analysis...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350588/arguments-against-the-role-of-cortical-spreading-depression-in-migraine
#11
Piet Borgdorff
Cortical spreading depression (CSD) is a wave of increased electrocortical activity and vasodilation, followed by sustained decreased activity and prolonged vasoconstriction. Although the discovery of CSD has been ascribed to Leão, rather than vasoconstriction, he only observed a depression of neural activity combined with vasodilation, with much weaker stimulation than used by his followers. There is a longstanding belief that CSD underlies migraine aura, with its positive symptoms such as mosaic patterns and its negative symptoms such as scotoma, and a similar propagation speed and vasoreaction pattern...
January 19, 2018: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350312/genesurance-counseling-patient-perspectives
#12
Chelsea Wagner, Lauren Murphy, Jacqueline Harkenrider, Sandra Darilek, Eleazar Soto-Torres, Quinn Stein, Jennifer Hoskovec
Genetic counselors (GCs) have reported an increase in discussion of insurance-related, or "genesurance," topics during genetic counseling sessions. Despite increasing frequency, there have been no studies examining patient expectations of GCs in these discussions. This study aimed to explore patient expectations of GCs in these discussions, as well as examine factors that may impact expectations. A 38-item survey was administered prior to patients receiving prenatal or cancer genetic counseling at 11 clinic sites across UTHealth, Baylor College of Medicine, and Sanford Health, with 360 responses analyzed...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349808/promises-and-pitfalls-in-the-development-of-biomarkers-that-can-promote-early-intervention-in-children-at-risk
#13
EDITORIAL
Sara Jaffee
The cost to individuals and to society of psychopathology that emerges in childhood is substantial. Children whose problems are undiagnosed or inadequately treated struggle in school, experience rejection by peers, and become a source of stress for caregivers and teachers. As adults, their mental health problems tend to recur and their cognitive difficulties persist. Clinicians hold a well-founded belief that early identification of children who are at risk for psychopathology is the key to prevention.
February 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349594/pacifists-and-revenge-seekers-in-response-to-unambiguous-peer-provocation
#14
Kristina L McDonald, Steven R Asher
In order to better understand why some children retaliate when they feel provoked and others do not, the present study identified "pacifistically-oriented" children who made negative interpretations in response to unambiguous provocations, yet did not endorse revenge goals, and compared them to "revenge-seeking" children who also made negative interpretations but did endorse revenge goals. Groups were identified based on seventh graders' (N = 367; 54.77% male; 22.89% racial/ethnic minority) responses to hypothetical situations in which a peer excluded and insulted them...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347973/believability-of-messages-about-preventing-breast-cancer-and-heart-disease-through-physical-activity
#15
Tanya R Berry, Kelvin E Jones, Kerry S Courneya, Kerry R McGannon, Colleen M Norris, Wendy M Rodgers, John C Spence
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this research was to examine the relationships of self-reported physical activity to involvement with messages that discuss the prevention of heart disease and breast cancer through physical activity, the explicit believability of the messages, and agreement (or disagreement) with specific statements about the messages or disease beliefs in general. METHODS: A within subjects' design was used. Participants (N = 96) read either a breast cancer or heart disease message first, then completed a corresponding task that measured agreement or disagreement and confidence in the agreement or disagreement that 1) physical activity 'reduces risk/does not reduce risk' of breast cancer or heart disease, 2) that breast cancer or heart disease is a 'real/not real risk for me', 3) that women who get breast cancer or heart disease are 'like/not like me', and 4) that women who get breast cancer or heart disease are 'to blame/not to blame'...
January 18, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347919/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-on-schistosomiasis-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#16
Hlengiwe Sacolo, Moses Chimbari, Chester Kalinda
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis remains a global health problem with an estimated 250 million people in 78 countries infected, of whom 85% live in Sub-Saharan Africa. Preventive chemotherapy remains the key public health strategy to combat schistosomiasis worldwide. Recently the WHO emphasized on the use of integrative approaches in the control and elimination of schistosomiasis. However, a detailed understanding of sociocultural factors that may influence the uptake of the intended health activities and services is vital...
January 18, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347891/changing-character-a-narrative-review-of-personality-change-in-psychotherapies-for-personality-disorder
#17
John R Keefe, Robert J DeRubeis
OBJECTIVE: Personality disorder (PD) is a negative prognostic indicator for treatment, and absolute improvements in functioning among these patients are often modest. This may be because personality features that give rise to dysfunction in PD are not targeted optimally during most treatments. METHOD: Attachment, mentalization, core beliefs, and personality organization/defense use were identified as personality constructs that have been pursued in treatment studies and that are proposed to underlie PD...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347826/acceptability-of-hiv-cure-related-trials-the-challenges-for-physicians-and-people-living-with-hiv-anrs-apsec
#18
Marie Preau, Marjolaine Doumergue, Christel Protiere, Cécile Goujard, Marion Mora, Laurence Meyer, Jean-Daniel Lelievre, François Raffi, Bruno Spire, Olivier Lambotte, Marie Suzan-Monti
Essential HIV cure-related clinical trials (HCRCT) have a potentially high-risk profile in terms of participants' health, which could hinder enrollment by people living with HIV (PLWH) and healthcare professionals (HP). The ANRS-APSEC survey is part of the IAS "Towards an HIV cure" initiative, which promotes multidisciplinary research for a safe, affordable and scalable cure. The study objectives were to understand the psychosocial mechanisms underlying PLWH and HP viewpoints about future HCRCT. Six focus group discussions (three with PLWH (n = 21) and three with HP (n = 30)) were held in three French infectious disease units...
January 18, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346699/teaching-chronic-pain-in-the-family-medicine-residency
#19
Kimberly Zoberi, Kelly M Everard
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic pain is a significant condition affecting many Americans. Primary care physicians play an important role in chronic pain management, but many residents and physicians feel poorly prepared to manage it. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the 2016 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) Program Director Survey, which was sent electronically to 484 program directors in the United States. The authors sought to determine whether residency directors' attitudes about treating chronic pain were associated with the amount of time devoted to teaching family medicine residents about chronic pain assessment, therapy (use of opioids, use adjuvant pain medications, use of other nonopioids, use of nonpharmacological treatments), and risk management (risk assessment, use of pain management contracts, informed consent when prescribing opioids, and urine drug monitoring)...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346613/review-of-chronic-non-cancer-pain-research-among-aboriginal-people-in-canada
#20
Nancy Julien, Anaïs Lacasse, Oscar Labra, Hugo Asselin
Purpose: Aboriginal people in Canada are disproportionately affected by chronic illnesses, compared to non-Aboriginal Canadians. The purpose of this review was to determine whether differences exist between the two groups with respect to chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) in order to better inform clinical practice and to identify research gaps. Data sources: Four electronic databases were searched for the period of 1990-2015. Study selection: Only English and French language original studies that examined CNCP prevalence, assessment tools and beliefs among Aboriginal people in Canada were considered...
January 16, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
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