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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793111/desire-understanding-in-2-year-old-children-an-eye-tracking-study
#1
Amrisha Vaish, Robert Hepach, Tobias Grossmann
'Much research has investigated children's understanding of others' mental states in terms of beliefs, but far less is known about their understanding of others' desires. To fill this gap, we used an eye-tracking paradigm to test 2-year-old children's desire understanding by measuring their anticipatory looking behavior as well as changes in their internal arousal (i.e., changes in pupil dilation). Children showed increased pupil dilation when an adult reached for an object she had previously emoted negatively towards (the object incongruent with her desire)...
May 21, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792476/a-mixed-methods-investigation-into-the-perspectives-on-mental-health-and-professional-treatment-among-former-system-youth-with-mood-disorders
#2
Michelle R Munson, Sarah Carter Narendorf, Shelly Ben-David, Andrea Cole
Research has shown that how people think about their health (or illnesses) shapes their help-seeking behavior. In this mixed-methods study, we employed a simultaneous concurrent design to explore the perceptions of mental illness among an understudied population: marginalized young adults. Participants were 60 young adults (ages 18-25) who had experienced mood disorders and used multiple public systems of care during their childhoods. Semistructured interviews were conducted to understand participants' illness and treatment experiences during the transition to adulthood...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792448/the-experimental-evidence-for-parapsychological-phenomena-a-review
#3
Etzel Cardeña
This article presents a comprehensive integration of current experimental evidence and theories about so-called parapsychological (psi) phenomena. Throughout history, people have reported events that seem to violate the common sense view of space and time. Some psychologists have been at the forefront of investigating these phenomena with sophisticated research protocols and theory, while others have devoted much of their careers to criticizing the field. Both stances can be explained by psychologists' expertise on relevant processes such as perception, memory, belief, and conscious and nonconscious processes...
May 24, 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792255/effectiveness-of-adolescent-peer-education-programs-on-reducing-hiv-sti-risk-an-integrated-review
#4
Ganga Mahat, Mary Ann Scoloveno
There is empirical evidence suggesting that peer education is efficacious in changing adolescent sexual risk behaviors; however, it is unclear if there are similarities in outcomes across studies. Thus, the purpose of this review was to synthesize published research on peer-led HIV/STI intervention programs for adolescents in an effort to determine the efficacy of peer education on knowledge, attitudes, normative beliefs, and sexual behavior. Data collection included online searches of published research from Index Medicus (Medline), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), Educational Index, and PsycINFO (including PsycARTICLES) from 2000 to 2016...
May 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792123/user-acceptance-of-an-app-based-adherence-intervention-perspectives-from-patients-taking-oral-anticancer-medications
#5
Eskinder Eshetu Ali, Sharlene Si Ling Chan, Jo Lene Leow, Lita Chew, Kevin Yi-Lwern Yap
Background Widespread adoption by patients is imperative for the success of app-based interventions for enhancing adherence to oral anticancer medications. Patients' attitudes and beliefs should be evaluated to understand determinants of their acceptance and adoption of such interventions. Objective To identify factors that influence cancer patients' intention to adopt an app-based system for enhancing oral anticancer medication adherence. Methods This study was conducted as part of the usability evaluation of an app-based system for enhancing adherence...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792106/psychometric-properties-of-the-photograph-series-of-daily-activities-short-electronic-version-phoda-sev-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-according-to-cosmin-checklist
#6
Crystian Bitencourt Oliveira, Marcia Rodrigues Franco, Samantha Janaina Demarchi, Rob Johannes E M Smeets, Ivan P J Huijnen, Priscila Kalil Morelhão, Thalysi Mayumi Hisamatsu, Rafael Zambelli Pinto
Study Design A prospective cohort study. Background The Photograph Daily Activities Series - Short Electronic Version (PHODA-SeV) assesses perceived harmfulness of daily activities in patients with low back pain (LBP). Although there is some evidence that the PHODA-SeV is a reliable and valid tool, its psychometric properties have not been fully investigated. Objectives To investigate the test-retest reliability, measurement error, interpretability, construct validity, internal and external responsiveness of the PHODA-SeV in patients with chronic LBP...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792082/mining-concepts-of-health-responsibility-using-text-mining-and-exploratory-graph-analysis
#7
Sofia Kjellström, Hudson Golino
BACKGROUND: Occupational therapists need to know about people's beliefs about personal responsibility for health to help them pursue everyday activities. AIM: The study aims to employ state-of-the-art quantitative approaches to understand people's views of health and responsibility at different ages. METHODS: A mixed method approach was adopted, using text mining to extract information from 233 interviews with participants aged 5 to 96 years, and then exploratory graph analysis to estimate the number of latent variables...
May 24, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791807/beliefs-about-behavioral-determinants-of-obesity-in-appalachia-2011-2014
#8
Elise L Rice, Minal Patel, Katrina J Serrano, Chan L Thai, Kelly D Blake, Robin C Vanderpool
The populations of many Appalachian communities have high rates of unhealthy body weight. This study aimed to identify differences in beliefs about obesity between Appalachians and non-Appalachians. Our analyses explored health beliefs and behaviors among US adults aged ≥18 (n = 14 451) who responded to the Health Information National Trends Survey (2011-2014), of whom 1015 (8%) resided within the 420 counties recognized as Appalachian by the Appalachian Regional Commission. Using weighted regression analyses and controlling for sociodemographic characteristics and general health, we determined that self-reported body mass index was higher among Appalachians than among non-Appalachians ( B = 0...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791183/a-2-year-prospective-cohort-study-of-overuse-running-injuries-the-runners-and-injury-longitudinal-study-trails
#9
Stephen P Messier, David F Martin, Shannon L Mihalko, Edward Ip, Paul DeVita, D Wayne Cannon, Monica Love, Danielle Beringer, Santiago Saldana, Rebecca E Fellin, Joseph F Seay
BACKGROUND: The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, noting flaws in previous running injury research, called for more rigorous prospective designs and comprehensive analyses to define the origin of running injuries. PURPOSE: To determine the risk factors that differentiate recreational runners who remain uninjured from those diagnosed with an overuse running injury during a 2-year observational period. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791060/implementing-an-innovated-preservation-technology-the-american-society-of-transplant-surgeons-asts-standards-committee-white-paper-on-ex-situ-liver-machine-perfusion
#10
Cristino Quintini, Paulo Martins, Shimul Shah, Mary Killackey, Alan Reed, James Guarrera, David A Axelrod
The pervasive shortage of deceased donor liver allografts contributes to significant waitlist mortality despite efforts to increase organ donation. Ex-vivo liver perfusion appears to enhance preservation of donor organs, extending viability, and, potentially, evaluating function in organs previously considered too high risk for transplant. These devices pose novel challenges for organ allocation, safety, training, and finances. This White Paper describes the American Society of Transplant Surgeons' belief that organ preservation technology is a vital advance, but its use should not change fundamental aspects of organ allocation...
May 23, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791020/discursive-constructions-of-professional-identity-in-policy-and-regulatory-discourse
#11
Gerard Fealy, Josephine-Mary Hegarty, Martin McNamara, Mary Casey, Denise O'Leary, Catriona Kennedy, Pauline O'Reilly, Rhona O'Connell, Anne-Marie Brady, Emma Nicholson
AIM: To examine and describe disciplinary discourses conducted through professional policy and regulatory documents in nursing and midwifery in Ireland. BACKGROUND: A key tenet of discourse theory is that group identities are constructed in public discourses and these discursively-constructed identities become social realities. Professional identities can be extracted from both the explicit and latent content of discourse. Studies of nursing's disciplinary discourse have drawn attention to a dominant discourse that confers nursing with particular identities, which privilege the relational and affective aspects of nursing and in the process, marginalise scientific knowledge and the technical and body work of nursing...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790594/barriers-to-and-enablers-of-diabetic-retinopathy-screening-attendance-a-systematic-review-of-published-and-grey-literature
#12
E Graham-Rowe, F Lorencatto, J G Lawrenson, J M Burr, J M Grimshaw, N M Ivers, J Presseau, L Vale, T Peto, C Bunce, J J Francis
AIMS: To identify and synthesize studies reporting modifiable barriers/enablers associated with retinopathy screening attendance in people with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, and to identify those most likely to influence attendance. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library and the 'grey literature' for quantitative and qualitative studies to February 2017. Data (i.e. participant quotations, interpretive summaries, survey results) reporting barriers/enablers were extracted and deductively coded into domains from the Theoretical Domains Framework; with domains representing categories of theoretical barriers/enablers proposed to mediate behaviour change...
May 23, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790136/-mutual-support-beyond-suffering-and-mortality-spiritual-care-for-families-of-terminal-cancer-patients
#13
Wan-Ping Yang, Chien-Wei Liu, Sheng-Fen Sung
With the progression of cancer and the approach of death in terminal cancer patients, the suffering of the family members of patients increases drastically, often leading into a difficult spiritual journey. The needs for spiritual care in this population generally consist of: 1. Empathy: Bearing the psychological stress due to the sharing of physical pain with the patients; 2. Powerlessness: Regretting not having the power to turn the tide; 3. Loneliness: Becoming exhausted due to facing heavy physical workloads alone; 4...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790135/-spiritual-care-of-patients-with-depression
#14
Chia-Chan Kao, Yu-Hua Lin
Spiritual care is a component of holistic care. Patients with depression often experience body-mind-spirit health problems and may suffer from spiritual crises, particularly during the acute stage of a diseases, due to low self-esteem, negative attitudes toward life goals, daily life issues, and beliefs caused by physical, psychological, and occupational dysfunctions. Nonetheless, psychical care is the main treatment for patients with depression. This paper focuses on patients with depression and addresses the concepts of spiritual needs and spiritual care, identifying the factors that influence spiritual needs, the essentials of spiritual intervention, and the health effects of spiritual intervention outcomes on patients with depression...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789985/geographic-and-individual-associations-with-prep-stigma-results-from-the-radar-cohort-of-diverse-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women
#15
Brian Mustanski, Daniel T Ryan, Christina Hayford, Gregory Phillips, Michael E Newcomb, Justin D Smith
Increasing the uptake of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent HIV acquisition among at-risk populations, such as young men who have sex with men (YMSM), is of vital importance to slowing the HIV epidemic. Stigma and negative injunctive norms, such as the so called "Truvada Whore" phenomenon, hamper this effort. We examined the prevalence and types of PrEP stigma and injunctive norm beliefs among YMSM and transgender women and associated individual and geospatial factors. A newly created measure of PrEP Stigma and Positive Attitudes was administered to 620 participants in an ongoing longitudinal cohort study...
May 22, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789472/the-impact-of-nutrition-and-health-claims-on-consumer-perceptions-and-portion-size-selection-results-from-a-nationally-representative-survey
#16
Tony Benson, Fiona Lavelle, Tamara Bucher, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Bernadette Egan, Clare E Collins, Moira Dean
Nutrition and health claims on foods can help consumers make healthier food choices. However, claims may have a 'halo' effect, influencing consumer perceptions of foods and increasing consumption. Evidence for these effects are typically demonstrated in experiments with small samples, limiting generalisability. The current study aimed to overcome this limitation through the use of a nationally representative survey. In a cross-sectional survey of 1039 adults across the island of Ireland, respondents were presented with three different claims (nutrition claim = "Low in fat"; health claim = "With plant sterols...
May 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789351/development-and-validation-of-two-clinical-prediction-models-to-inform-clinical-decision-making-for-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-for-degenerative-disorders-and-rehabilitation-following-surgery-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Alison B Rushton, Martin L Verra, Andrew Emms, Nicola R Heneghan, Deborah Falla, Michael Reddington, Ashley A Cole, Paul Willems, Lorin Benneker, David Selvey, Michael Hutton, Martijn W Heymans, J Bart Staal
INTRODUCTION: Potential predictors of poor outcome will be measured at baseline: (1) preoperatively to develop a clinical prediction model to predict which patients are likely to have favourable outcome following lumbar spinal fusion surgery (LSFS) and (2) postoperatively to predict which patients are likely to have favourable long-term outcomes (to inform rehabilitation). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Prospective observational study with a defined episode inception of the point of surgery...
May 22, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789099/building-capacity-for-change-evaluation-of-an-organisation-wide-leadership-development-program
#18
Tim Schultz, Jodie Shoobridge, Gill Harvey, Libby Carter, Alison Kitson
Objective. This study evaluated Leading 4 Change, a change leadership development program designed to support healthcare middle managers through a period of significant organisational change and enhance workplace resilience. Methods. A mixed methods evaluation was conducted within the program's framework of a quality improvement activity. Quantitative measures were participant responses (n=160) to online questionnaires, which were compared before and after the program, using an uncontrolled pre-post study design...
May 23, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789019/adolescents-perceptions-and-experiences-of-pregnancy-in-refugee-and-migrant-communities-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border-a-qualitative-study
#19
Carine Asnong, Gracia Fellmeth, Emma Plugge, Nan San Wai, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Moo Kho Paw, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy remains a global health concern, contributing to 11% of all births worldwide and 23% of the overall burden of disease in girls aged 15-19 years. Premature motherhood can create a negative cycle of adverse health, economic and social outcomes for young women, their babies and families. Refugee and migrant adolescent girls might be particularly at risk due to poverty, poor education and health infrastructure, early marriage, limited access to contraception and traditional beliefs...
May 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789010/perceived-behavioural-predictors-of-late-initiation-to-hiv-aids-care-in-gurage-zone-public-health-facilities-a-cohort-study-using-health-belief-model
#20
Teklemichael Gebru, Kifle Lentiro, Abdulewhab Jemal
OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed to measure incidence density rate and identify perceived behavioural believes of late initiation to HIV/AIDS care in Gurage zone public health facilities from September 2015 to November 2016. RESULTS: The incidence density rates of late initiation to HIV/AIDS care were 2.21 per 100 person-months of observation. HIV positive individuals who did not perceived susceptibility were 8.46 times more likely delay to start HIV/AIDS care than their counter parts [OR = 8...
May 22, 2018: BMC Research Notes
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