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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929041/bone-and-plasma-citrate-is-reduced-in-osteoporosis
#1
Hongdong Chen, Yeyang Wang, Huaiqian Dai, Xinggui Tian, Zhong-Kai Cui, Zhenguo Chen, Le Hu, Qiancheng Song, Anling Liu, Zhiyong Zhang, Guozhi Xiao, Jian Yang, Yu Jiang, Xiaochun Bai
High concentration of citrate exists in bone of humans and all osteo-vertebrates, and citrate incorporation imparts important biomechanical and other functional properties to bone. However, which cells are responsible for citrate production in bone remains unclear and whether the citrate component changes with bone loss during osteoporosis is also not known. Here, we show that the citrate content is markedly reduced in the bone of mice or rats with age-related, ovariectomy-induced or retinoic acid-induced bone loss...
June 18, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928989/-risk-score-for-development-of-veno-occlusive-disease-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-cell-transplant
#2
Christopher Strouse, Ying Zhang, Mei-Jie Zhang, Alyssa DiGilio, Marcelo Pasquini, Mary M Horowitz, Stephanie Lee, Vincent Ho, Muthalagu Ramanathan, Wichai Chinratanalab, Alison Loren, Linda J Burns, Andrew Artz, Kathleen F Villa, Wael Saber
BACKGROUND: A risk score identifying patients at high risk for veno-occlusive disease (VOD) may aid efforts to study preventive strategies for this uncommon complication of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). METHODS: Patients receiving a first allogeneic HCT between 2008-2013 as reported to the Center for International Blood & Marrow Transplant Research (N=13,097) were randomly divided into training and validation sets. Independent prognostic factors for development of VOD by day+100 post HCT were identified with a multivariate logistic regression model...
June 18, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928947/combination-therapy-of-intravenously-injected-microglia-and-radiotherapy-prolongs-survival-in-a-rat-model-of-spontaneous-malignant-glioma
#3
Noriyuki Okonogi, Yoshiyuki Suzuki, Hiro Sato, Takahiro Oike, Yuya Yoshimoto, Kousaku Mimura, Shin-Ei Noda, Masahiko Okamoto, Tomoaki Tamaki, Yukie Morokoshi, Sumitaka Hasegawa, Hiroko Ohgaki, Hideaki Yokoo, Takashi Nakano
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of combination therapy with intravenously injected microglia (MI) and radiotherapy (RT) for rat malignant glioma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Transgenic rats expressing v-erbB and spontaneously developing malignant glioma were used. The rats were divided into four groups: control (n = 19), RT alone (n = 10), MI alone (n = 9), and combination of MI and RT (MI+RT) (n = 10). Cranial X-ray irradiation (8 Gy per fraction; once per week) was performed at 50 and 51 weeks of age...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928932/is-increased-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-remarking-the-inflammation-in-sarcopenia
#4
Zeynel Abidin Öztürk, Seval Kul, İbrahim Halil Türkbeyler, Zeynel Abidin Sayıner, Azer Abiyev
OBJECTIVES: Increasing data suggests that chronic inflammation has an essential role on development of muscle dysfunction and progression of sarcopenia in aging population. The aim of the present study was to compare Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) levels in sarcopenic and non-sarcopenic individuals and to present the correlation between NLR and other inflammatory markers. METHODS: A total of 105 subjects with sarcopenia (male/female: 54/51, mean age 72.8 ± 7...
June 18, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928889/comprehensive-behavioral-analyses-of-anoctamin1-tmem16a-conditional-knockout-mice
#5
Kyoung Hee Seo, Sun-Young Jung, Yeonsun Jin, Sung Hoon Lee
AIMS: Anoctamin-1 (TMEM16A) is a calcium-activated chloride channel that is involved in numerous physiological conditions. Its role has been identified in electrophysiological and histological studies of genetic knockout animals. Recent cellular localization studies have shown that anoctamin-1 is co-expressed with presynaptic proteins, therefore its role in presynaptic terminals has been suggested. However, behavioral studies are lacking because conventional knockouts of anoctamin-1 are lethal after birth...
June 18, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928778/altered-synaptic-and-firing-properties-of-cerebellar-purkinje-cells-in-a-mouse-model-of-arsacs
#6
Visou Ady, Brenda Toscano-Márquez, Moushumi Nath, Philip K Chang, Jeanette Hui, Anna Cook, François Charron, Roxanne Larivière, Bernard Brais, R Anne McKinney, Alanna J Watt
KEY POINTS: ARSACS is an early-onset neurodegenerative human disease characterized in part by ataxia and Purkinje cell loss in anterior cerebellar lobules. A knock-out mouse model has been developed that recapitulates several features of ARSACS. Using this ARSACS mouse model, we report changes in synaptic input and intrinsic firing in cerebellar Purkinje cells, as well as in their synaptic output in the DCN. Changes in firing are observed in anterior lobules that later exhibit Purkinje cell death, but not in posterior lobules that do not...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928650/the-nrf2-pathway-as-potential-biomarker-for-dimethyl-fumarate-treatment-in-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Anna Hammer, Anne Waschbisch, Kristina Kuhbandner, Antonios Bayas, De-Hyung Lee, Alexander Duscha, Aiden Haghikia, Ralf Gold, Ralf A Linker
Objective: Immunological studies have demonstrated a plethora of beneficial effects of dimethyl fumarate (DMF) on various cell types. However, the cellular and molecular targets are incompletely understood and response markers are scarce. Here, we focus on the relation between nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2) pathway induction under DMF therapy and the composition of the blood immune cell compartment and clinical efficacy in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) patients...
June 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928615/the-impact-of-intra-operative-cell-salvage-during-open-radical-prostatectomy
#8
Ned Kinnear, Bridget Heijkoop, Lina Hua, Derek B Hennessey, Daniel Spernat
Background: To examine the effect of intra-operative cell salvage (ICS) in open radical prostatectomy. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, all patients undergoing open radical prostatectomy for malignancy at our institution between 10/04/2013 and 10/04/2017 were enrolled. Patients were grouped and compared based on whether they received ICS. Primary outcomes were allogeneic transfusion rates, and disease recurrence. Secondary outcomes were complications and transfusion-related cost...
May 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928602/quantification-of-sarcomatoid-differentiation-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-on-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#9
Daniel Jeong, Natarajan Raghunand, Diego Hernando, Michael Poch, Katherine Jeong, Brendan Eck, Jasreman Dhillon
Background: Sarcomatoid differentiation in renal cell carcinoma (sRCC) is histologically characterized by anaplastic changes of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) subtypes, which has been associated with a poor prognosis. sRCC is managed more aggressively than RCC without sarcomatoid components, so pre-operative detection of sarcomatoid differentiation would significantly affect surgical management. The purpose of this study is to compare the quantification of sarcomatoid features in RCCs on pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to standard histological examination...
May 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928494/astroglial-role-in-the-pathophysiology-of-status-epilepticus-an-overview
#10
REVIEW
Karina Vargas-Sánchez, Maria Mogilevskaya, John Rodríguez-Pérez, María G Rubiano, José J Javela, Rodrigo E González-Reyes
Status epilepticus is a medical emergency with elevated morbidity and mortality rates, and represents a leading cause of epilepsy-related deaths. Though status epilepticus can occur at any age, it manifests more likely in children and elderly people. Despite the common prevalence of epileptic disorders, a complete explanation for the mechanisms leading to development of self-limited or long lasting seizures (as in status epilepticus) are still lacking. Apart from neurons, research evidence suggests the involvement of immune and glial cells in epileptogenesis...
June 1, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928423/expression-and-clinical-significance-of-mir-23a-and-mtss1-in-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#11
Mengwei Xu, Tao Xu
The present study investigated the expression and clinical significance of micro-ribonucleic acid-23a (miR-23a) and metastasis suppressor 1 (MTSS1) in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). A total of 70 cases of tumor tissues of patients with DLBCL and 30 cases of reactive lymphoid hyperplasia tissues were collected. OCI-LY10 cell was transfected with miR-23a antisense oligonucleotide (miR-23a ASO). The expression of miR-23a and MTSS1 in tumor tissues of patients with DLBCL and reactive lymphoid hyperplasia tissues were detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and immunohistochemistry...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928409/accumulation-of-t-helper-22-cells-interleukin-22-and-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-promotes-gastric-cancer-progression-in-elderly-patients
#12
Xuehua Chen, Yanfu Wang, Jiali Wang, Jinhui Wen, Xuzhao Jia, Xiaojun Wang, Hua Zhang
Chronic inflammation and immunosuppression lead to aging and tumorigenesis. T-helper 22 (Th22) cells, interleukin 22 (IL-22) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) serve an important role in inflammatory-immune diseases and cancer. However, the status of Th22 cells, IL-22 and MDSCs in aging and elderly gastric cancer progression is unknown. In the present study, 39 elderly patients with gastric cancer (EGC), 32 elderly healthy controls (HE) and 31 young healthy controls (HY) were enrolled, and the peripheral Th22, Th17 and Th1 cells, and MDSCs, were examined using flow cytometry...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928373/mesenchymal-stem-cells-confer-resistance-to-doxorubicin-induced-cardiac-senescence-by-inhibiting-microrna-34a
#13
Wenzheng Xia, Meng Hou
Doxorubicin (DOXO) is a chemotherapeutic agent widely used in the treatment of various types of cancer. However, cardiotoxicity is a major side effect of DOXO therapy due to the ability of this compound to induce cardiac cellular senescence. It is well known that microRNA (miR)-34a serves a role in cardiac dysfunction and ageing, and that it is involved in several cellular processes associated with DOXO-induced cardiotoxicity. Furthermore, mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapies have been reported to modulate cellular senescence...
June 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928170/anti-d-alloimmunization-after-rhd-positive-platelet-transfusion-in-rhd-negative-women-under-55-years-diagnosed-with-acute-leukemia-results-of-a-retrospective-study
#14
REVIEW
Ana Villalba, Marta Santiago, Carmen Freiria, Pau Montesinos, Ines Gomez, Carolina Fuentes, Rebeca Rodriguez-Veiga, José María Fernandez, Guillermo Sanz, Miguel Angel Sanz, Nelly Carpio, Pilar Solves
Background: Anti-D alloimmunization can occur when platelets from RhD-positive donors are transfused to RhD-negative patients, due to red blood cell residues in the platelet concentrates. Methods: Our objective was to analyze the anti-D alloimmunization rate in a selected group of women under 55 years of age diagnosed with acute leukemia over an 18-year period. We focused the analysis on RhD-negative patients who received RhD-positive platelet transfusions. Results: From January 1998 to October 2016, 382 women under 55 years were diagnosed with acute leukemia...
May 2018: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928140/involvement-of-the-nuclear-structural-proteins-in-aging-related-responses-of-human-skin-to-the-environmental-stress
#15
REVIEW
Ewa Markiewicz, Olusola Clement Idowu
Human skin is a stratified endocrine organ with primary roles in protection against detrimental biochemical and biophysical factors in the environment. Environmental stress causes gradual accumulation of the macromolecular damage and clinical manifestations consistent with chronic inflammatory conditions and premature aging of the skin. Structural proteins of cell nucleus, the nuclear lamins and lamina-associated proteins, play an important role in the regulation of a number of signal transduction pathways associated with stress...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927970/cdkn1b-p27-is-localized-in-mitochondria-and-improves-respiration-dependent-processes-in-the-cardiovascular-system-new-mode-of-action-for-caffeine
#16
Niloofar Ale-Agha, Christine Goy, Philipp Jakobs, Ioakim Spyridopoulos, Stefanie Gonnissen, Nadine Dyballa-Rukes, Karin Aufenvenne, Florian von Ameln, Mark Zurek, Tim Spannbrucker, Olaf Eckermann, Sascha Jakob, Simone Gorressen, Marcel Abrams, Maria Grandoch, Jens W Fischer, Karl Köhrer, René Deenen, Klaus Unfried, Joachim Altschmied, Judith Haendeler
We show that the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B)/p27, previously known as a cell cycle inhibitor, is also localized within mitochondria. The migratory capacity of endothelial cells, which need intact mitochondria, is completely dependent on mitochondrial p27. Mitochondrial p27 improves mitochondrial membrane potential, increases adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content, and is required for the promigratory effect of caffeine. Domain mapping of p27 revealed that the N-terminus and C-terminus are required for those improvements...
June 2018: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927967/metabolic-enzymes-in-glial-cells-of-the-honeybee-brain-and-their-associations-with-aging-starvation-and-food-response
#17
Ashish K Shah, Claus D Kreibich, Gro V Amdam, Daniel Münch
The honey bee has been extensively studied as a model for neuronal circuit and memory function and more recently has emerged as an unconventional model in biogerontology. Yet, the detailed knowledge of neuronal processing in the honey bee brain contrasts with the very sparse information available on glial cells. In other systems glial cells are involved in nutritional homeostasis, detoxification, and aging. These glial functions have been linked to metabolic enzymes, such as glutamine synthetase and glycogen phosphorylase...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927784/cd4-count-recovery-following-initiation-of-hiv-antiretroviral-therapy-in-older-childhood-and-adolescence
#18
Victoria Simms, Sarah Rylance, Tsitsi Bandason, Ethel Dauya, Grace Mchugh, Shungu Munyati, Hilda Mujuru, Sarah L Rowland-Jones, Helen A Weiss, Rashida A Ferrand
OBJECTIVE: To investigate CD4 cell count recovery following ART initiation in perinatally HIV-infected children diagnosed in later childhood. DESIGN: Observational prospective cohort study of newly diagnosed children aged 6-15 in Harare, Zimbabwe. METHODS: Participants were enrolled into a cohort at seven primary healthcare clinics between January 2013 and January 2015. ART was initiated according to national guidelines and CD4 counts were performed 6-monthly over 18 months...
June 20, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927638/adc-histogram-analysis-of-muscle-lymphoma-correlation-with-histopathology-in-a-rare-entity
#19
Hans-Jonas Meyer, Nikolaos Pazaitis, Alexey Surov
OBJECTIVE: Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) is able to reflect histopathology architecture. A novel imaging approach, namely histogram analysis, is used to further characterize lesion on MRI. The purpose of this study is to correlate histogram parameters derived from apparent diffusion coefficient- (ADC) maps with histopathology parameters in muscle lymphoma. METHODS: Eight patients (mean age 64.8 years, range 45-72 years) with histopathologically confirmed muscle lymphoma were retrospectively identified...
June 21, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927438/-pituitary-lactotroph-adenomas-resistant-to-dopamine-agonist-treatment-histological-and-immunohistochemical-characteristics
#20
N S Fedorova, A Yu Abrosimov, L K Dzeranova, E A Pigarova, I I Dedov
OBJECTIVE: To present the histological and immunohistochemical characteristics of pituitary lactotroph adenomas (PLAs) resistant to dopamine agonist treatment. SUBJECT AND METHODS: The investigators examined paraffin-embedded blocks and histological sections obtained from 19 patients (13 women, 6 men), whose median age was 29 (19, 38) years, after surgical treatment (adenomectomy) for PLAs resistant to dopamine agonist treatment. Immunohistological examination was performed using antibodies against prolactin (PRL), growth hormone (GH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), type 2 dopamine receptors (DR2 ), estrogen receptors-α (ERα), the proliferation marker Ki-67, and the endothelial cell marker CD34...
2018: Arkhiv Patologii
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