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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649344/historical-demography-and-genetic-differentiation-of-the-giant-freshwater-prawn-macrobrachium-rosenbergii-in-bangladesh-based-on-mitochondrial-and-ddrad-sequence-variation
#1
M M Mahbub Alam, Kristen M Westfall, Snæbjörn Pálsson
Macrobrachium rosenbergii, the giant freshwater prawn, is an important source of high quality protein and occurs naturally in rivers as well as commercial farms in South and South-East Asia, including Bangladesh. This study investigated the genetic variation and population structure of M. rosenbergii sampled from four rivers in Bangladesh (sample size ranged from 19 to 20), assessing sequence variation, both in the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) gene and in 106 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) sampled randomly from the genome with double digest RAD sequencing (ddRADseq)...
June 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648604/technological-demands-of-meat-processing-an-asian-perspective
#2
REVIEW
Wangang Zhang, B Maheswarappa Naveena, Cheorun Jo, Ryoichi Sakata, Guanghong Zhou, Rituparna Banerjee, Tadayuki Nishiumi
A rapid increase in the economy, population, industrialization, and urbanization of Asian countries has driven the fast development of their meat industries over recent decades. This consistent increase in meat production and consumption in Asia has been the major cause for the development of the global meat industry. Meat production methods and consumption are very diverse across different regions and countries in Asia, and thus, it is impossible to cover the technological demands of all Asian countries in this review...
May 20, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647173/an-update-on-zika-virus-infection
#3
REVIEW
David Baud, Duane J Gubler, Bruno Schaub, Marion C Lanteri, Didier Musso
The epidemic history of Zika virus began in 2007, with its emergence in Yap Island in the western Pacific, followed in 2013-14 by a larger epidemic in French Polynesia, south Pacific, where the first severe complications and non-vector-borne transmission of the virus were reported. Zika virus emerged in Brazil in 2015 and was declared a national public health emergency after local researchers and physicians reported an increase in microcephaly cases. In 2016, WHO declared the recent cluster of microcephaly cases and other neurological disorders reported in Brazil a global public health emergency...
June 21, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646896/detection-of-the-plasmodium-falciparum-kelch-13-gene-p553l-mutation-in-sporozoites-isolated-from-mosquito-salivary-glands-in-south-central-vietnam
#4
Yoshimasa Maeno, Nguyen Tuyen Quang, Richard Culleton, Satoru Kawai, Gaku Masuda, Kaoru Hori, Shusuke Nakazawa, Ron P Marchand
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium falciparum has developed resistance against artemisinin in Southeast Asia. Mutations in the P. falciparum Kelch-13 (Pfk13) gene are associated with artemisinin resistance in vitro and in vivo. We investigated the prevalence of mutations in PfK13 from sporozoite-stage parasites isolated from the salivary glands of Anopheles dirus mosquitoes. METHODS: Mosquitoes were caught by human-landing catches at two locations within the Khanh Phu commune, South-Central Vietnam...
June 24, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646264/magnitude-and-temporal-trends-in-avoidable-blindness-in-children-abc-in-india
#5
Venkata S Murthy Gudlavalleti
The World Health Organization estimates that 19 million children are visually impaired, among whom, 1.4 million are blind. Childhood blindness is an excellent indicator of the state of child health and primary care services in a country. Childhood blindness is important not just due to the number of children blind but also because the number of years that the surviving child has to live with blindness (blind years lived). Childhood blindness is next only to adult cataract in terms of the number of blind person years lived...
June 23, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646132/global-rainfall-erosivity-assessment-based-on-high-temporal-resolution-rainfall-records
#6
Panos Panagos, Pasquale Borrelli, Katrin Meusburger, Bofu Yu, Andreas Klik, Kyoung Jae Lim, Jae E Yang, Jinren Ni, Chiyuan Miao, Nabansu Chattopadhyay, Seyed Hamidreza Sadeghi, Zeinab Hazbavi, Mohsen Zabihi, Gennady A Larionov, Sergey F Krasnov, Andrey V Gorobets, Yoav Levi, Gunay Erpul, Christian Birkel, Natalia Hoyos, Victoria Naipal, Paulo Tarso S Oliveira, Carlos A Bonilla, Mohamed Meddi, Werner Nel, Hassan Al Dashti, Martino Boni, Nazzareno Diodato, Kristof Van Oost, Mark Nearing, Cristiano Ballabio
The exposure of the Earth's surface to the energetic input of rainfall is one of the key factors controlling water erosion. While water erosion is identified as the most serious cause of soil degradation globally, global patterns of rainfall erosivity remain poorly quantified and estimates have large uncertainties. This hampers the implementation of effective soil degradation mitigation and restoration strategies. Quantifying rainfall erosivity is challenging as it requires high temporal resolution(<30 min) and high fidelity rainfall recordings...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645921/the-east-asian-origin-of-the-giant-lobelias
#7
Eric B Knox, Chunjiao Li
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Rapid radiations are difficult to reconstruct when organismal diversification and biogeographic movement outpace the evolution of genes typically used in phylogenetic analyses. The 125 kb of unique sequence from complete plastid genomes (= plastomes) largely solves the molecular sampling problem, and taxon sampling that triangulates the base of each major subclade largely solves the long-branch attraction problem. This combination of molecular and phylogenetic sampling is used to reconstruct the cosmopolitan radiation of lobeliads, with special focus on the origin of the giant lobelias...
June 2017: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645250/labour-market-marginalisation-after-mental-disorders-among-young-natives-and-immigrants-living-in-sweden
#8
Magnus Helgesson, Petter Tinghög, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Fredrik Saboonchi, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the associations between mental disorders and three different measures of labour-market marginalisation, and differences between native Swedes and immigrants. METHODS: The study comprised 1,753,544 individuals, aged 20-35 years, and resident in Sweden 2004. They were followed 2005-2011 with regard to disability pension, sickness absence (≥90 days) and unemployment (≥180 days). Immigrants were born in Western countries (Nordic countries, EU, Europe outside EU or North-America/Oceania), or in non-Western countries (Africa, Asia or South-America)...
June 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645048/phytolith-carbon-sequestration-in-global-terrestrial-biomes
#9
Zhaoliang Song, Hongyan Liu, Caroline A E Strömberg, Xiaomin Yang, Xiaodong Zhang
Terrestrial biogeochemical carbon (C) sequestration is coupled with the biogeochemical silicon (Si) cycle through mechanisms such as phytolith C sequestration, but the size and distribution of the phytolith C sink remain unclear. Here, we estimate phytolith C sequestration in global terrestrial biomes. We used biome data including productivity, phytolith and silica contents, and the phytolith stability factor to preliminarily determine the size and distribution of the phytolith C sink in global terrestrial biomes...
June 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644926/gangnam-style-plastic-surgery-the-science-of-westernized-beauty-in-south-korea
#10
So Yeon Leem
New beauty ideals and particular types of plastic surgery beauty have emerged in South Korea from the early twenty-first century. By defining Gangnam-style plastic surgery as a hybrid of old Westernized beauty ideals and a new science of beauty with variations and contradictions, I intend to twist the simplistic understanding of non-Western plastic surgery as an effort to resemble the white westerner's body. I also draw political implications from a case of monstrous Gangnam-style beauty made by excessive plastic surgery...
June 23, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644847/role-of-classic-signs-as-diagnostic-predictors-for-enteric-fever-among-returned-travellers-relative-bradycardia-and-eosinopenia
#11
Takashi Matono, Satoshi Kutsuna, Yasuyuki Kato, Yuichi Katanami, Kei Yamamoto, Nozomi Takeshita, Kayoko Hayakawa, Shuzo Kanagawa, Mitsuo Kaku, Norio Ohmagari
BACKGROUND: The lack of characteristic clinical findings and accurate diagnostic tools has made the diagnosis of enteric fever difficult. We evaluated the classic signs of relative bradycardia and eosinopenia as diagnostic predictors for enteric fever among travellers who had returned from the tropics or subtropics. METHODS: This matched case-control study used data from 2006 to 2015 for culture-proven enteric fever patients as cases. Febrile patients (>38.3°C) with non-enteric fever, who had returned from the tropics or subtropics, were matched to the cases in a 1:3 ratio by age (±3 years), sex, and year of diagnosis as controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644079/a-disseminated-cryptococcus-gattii-vgiia-infection-in-a-citron-crested-cockatoo-cacatua-sulphurea-citrinocristata-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada
#12
Édouard O Maccolini, Philippe J Dufresne, Sophie Ann Aschenbroich, Brittany McHale, Julie-Hélène Fairbrother, Christian Bédard, Julie A Hébert
Cryptococcus gattii infection in mammals and birds has been confined historically to tropical and subtropical regions in Australia, Southeast Asia, Africa, and South America. Since the early 2000s, numerous reports describe the emergence of C. gattii on the Pacific Coast of North America. We report on a C. gattii infection in an 8-year-old male citron-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata) hatched on the Canadian Pacific Coast and raised in the province of Québec, Canada. The bird developed a slow growing ulcerated, fleshy, crusty, and hemorrhagic mass infiltrating the left lower rhamphotheca...
June 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642557/smokeless-tobacco-a-substantial-risk-for-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-in-south-asia
#13
Phillip Seenan, David Conway
Data sourcesMedline, the Science Citation Index (SCI) via Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, Global Index Medicus, Google Scholar and SLT-related reports of the International Agency for Research on Cancer and the National Cancer Institute of the United States.Study selectionObservational studies on the use of SLT and the risk of developing OPMDs in South Asian Populations.Data extraction and synthesisDuplicate selection of studies was undertaken with two reviewers undertaking data abstraction and quality assessment independently...
June 23, 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640353/ecology-of-the-non-native-snail-sinotaia-cf-quadrata-caenogastropoda-viviparidae-a-study-in-a-lowland-stream-of-south-america-with-different-water-qualities
#14
Ana Clara Ferreira, Estefanía L Paz, Alejandra Rumi, Carolina Ocon, Paula Altieri, Alberto Rodrigues Capítulo
Sinotaia quadrata is a snail native from Asia recorded for the first time in South America in 2009 in central Argentina. In 2015, this species was also found in a lowland stream with different water qualities. Our aims were to contribute to the knowledge of its population ecology and to compare the individuals from the two locations anatomically. Snails were searched at 6 sites, where physicochemical and hydraulic parameters were measured. Biological samples were also taken at two sites (S3 and S4) to study the population traits of S...
April 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640346/n-deposition-affects-allelopathic-potential-of-amaranthus-retroflexus-with-different-distribution-regions
#15
Congyan Wang, Jun Liu, Jiawei Zhou
This study aims to determine the allelopathic potential of Amaranthus retroflexus (Ar) with different climatic zones on seed germination and growth of A. tricolor (At) treated with a gradient N addition. Ar leaf extracts only displayed significantly allelopathic potential on the underground growth of Ar but not the aboveground growth of At. The allelopathic potential of Ar leaf extracts on root length of At were enhanced under N addition and there may be a N-concentration-dependent relationship. The effects of the extracts of Ar leaves that collected from Zhenjiang on seed germination and growth of At may be higher than that collected from Jinan especially on root length of At under medium N addition...
April 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640160/vasomotor-symptoms-in-women-in-asia-appear-comparable-with-women-in-western-countries-a-systematic-review
#16
Rakibul M Islam, Robin J Bell, Farwa Rizvi, Susan R Davis
OBJECTIVE: There is a belief that menopausal symptoms, particularly vasomotor symptoms (VMS), are a Western phenomena and less likely to be experienced in women in Asian countries. This systematic review of the literature was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of VMS in Asian countries. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, SCOPUS, and Google scholar were searched systematically for relevant population-based prevalence studies published between 1981 and 2016...
June 19, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638066/mummified-oligocene-fruits-of-schima-theaceae-and-their-systematic-and-biogeographic-implications
#17
Xiang-Gang Shi, Qiong-Yao Fu, Jian-Hua Jin, Cheng Quan
The genus Schima includes about 20 species and is distributed only in southern China and adjacent areas of Asia. The previous molecular phylogenetic analysis suggested Schima is in the tribe Gordoniae, along with Gordonia and Franklinia. However, because few fossils have been reported, the biogeographic origin of Schima is still poorly known. In this paper mummified fossil fruits of Schima are described from the upper Oligocene Yongning Formation of the Nanning Basin, Guangxi, South China. In gross morphology, the new fossil species, Schima kwangsiensis, is similar to the extant S...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637515/current-globalization-of-drug-interventional-clinical-trials-characteristics-and-associated-factors-2011-2013
#18
Sohyun Jeong, Minji Sohn, Jae Hyun Kim, Minoh Ko, Hee-Won Seo, Yun-Kyoung Song, Boyoon Choi, Nayoung Han, Han-Sung Na, Jong Gu Lee, In-Wha Kim, Jung Mi Oh, Euni Lee
BACKGROUND: Clinical trial globalization is a major trend for industry-sponsored clinical trials. There has been a shift in clinical trial sites towards emerging regions of Eastern Europe, Latin America, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. Our study objectives were to evaluate the current characteristics of clinical trials and to find out the associated multiple factors which could explain clinical trial globalization and its implications for clinical trial globalization in 2011-2013. METHODS: The data elements of "phase," "recruitment status," "type of sponsor," "age groups," and "design of trial" from 30 countries were extracted from the ClinicalTrials...
June 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637477/determinants-of-intra-household-food-allocation-between-adults-in-south-asia-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Helen Harris-Fry, Niva Shrestha, Anthony Costello, Naomi M Saville
BACKGROUND: Nutrition interventions, often delivered at the household level, could increase their efficiency by channelling resources towards pregnant or lactating women, instead of leaving resources to be disproportionately allocated to traditionally favoured men. However, understanding of how to design targeted nutrition programs is limited by a lack of understanding of the factors affecting the intra-household allocation of food. METHODS: We systematically reviewed literature on the factors affecting the allocation of food to adults in South Asian households (in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka) and developed a framework of food allocation determinants...
June 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634399/terrestrial-water-load-and-groundwater-fluctuation-in-the-bengal-basin
#20
W G Burgess, M Shamsudduha, R G Taylor, A Zahid, K M Ahmed, A Mukherjee, D J Lapworth, V F Bense
Groundwater-level fluctuations represent hydraulic responses to changes in groundwater storage due to aquifer recharge and drainage as well as to changes in stress that include water mass loading and unloading above the aquifer surface. The latter 'poroelastic' response of confined aquifers is a well-established phenomenon which has been demonstrated in diverse hydrogeological environments but is frequently ignored in assessments of groundwater resources. Here we present high-frequency groundwater measurements over a twelve-month period from the tropical, fluvio-deltaic Bengal Aquifer System (BAS), the largest aquifer in south Asia...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
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