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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806635/oryong-501-sinking-incident-in-the-bering-sea-international-dvi-cooperation-in-the-asia-pacific
#1
Nak-Eun Chung, Anton Castilani, Wilfredo E Tierra, Philip Beh, Mohd Shah Mahmood
On December 1st, 2014, the sinking of Oryong 501 occurred in the Bering Sea off the east coast of Russia. A total of 60 crew members, including 35 Indonesians, 13 Filipinos, 11 South Koreans and 1 Russian inspector were on board out of which only seven survived. Through an international rescue operation, the dead bodies of 27 were found and the remaining 26 crew are still missing. After transferring the dead bodies to the Busan Harbor in South Korea, the operation to identify the deceased began involving DVI teams from three countries: Korea, Indonesia and the Philippines...
August 2, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804673/changing-trends-in-oral-cancer-a-global-scenario
#2
REVIEW
Neha Gupta, Ritu Gupta, Arun Kumar Acharya, Basavaraj Patthi, Venkatesh Goud, Somanath Reddy, Anshul Garg, Ashish Singla
Oral cancer is one of the highly prevalent cancers worldwide and a leading cause of mortality in certain regions like South-Central Asia. It is a major public health problem. Late diagnosis, high mortality rates and morbidity are characteristics of the disease worldwide. For control of oral cancer an idea of the coverage of the same in the various regions is necessary. The estimated incidence, mortality and 5-year survival due to lip, oral cavity cancer in world is 3, 00, 373(2.1%), 1, 45, 328(1.8%) and 7, 02, 149(2...
December 2016: Nepal journal of epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803446/urinary-tract-infections-due-to-esbl-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Michail Alevizakos, Dimitrios Nasioudis, Eleftherios Mylonakis
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the most common infectious complications among renal transplant recipients (RTR). UTIs caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) have been associated with inferior clinical outcomes and increased financial burden. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis by searching through the PubMed and EMBASE databases (to May 20, 2016) and identifying studies that reported data on the number of RTR who developed an ESBL-PE UTI...
August 13, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802107/historical-and-future-trends-in-global-source-receptor-relationships-of-mercury
#4
Long Chen, Wei Zhang, Yanxu Zhang, Yindong Tong, Maodian Liu, Huanhuan Wang, Han Xie, Xuejun Wang
Growing concern about the risk associated with increasing environmental mercury (Hg) concentrations has resulted in a focus on the relationships between intercontinental emitted and accumulated Hg. We use a global biogeochemical Hg model with 8 continental regions and a global ocean to evaluate the legacy impacts of historical anthropogenic releases (2000BCE to 2008AD) on global source-receptor relationships of Hg. Legacy impacts of historical anthropogenic releases are confirmed to be significant on the source-receptor relationships according to our results...
August 9, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799306/scrub-typhus-the-most-common-cause-of-febrile-jaundice-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-himalayan-state
#5
Jatinter Mokta, Rahul Yadav, Kiran Mokta, Prashant Panda, Asha Ranjan
BACKGROUND: Most common cause of jaundice in south east Asia is of infective etiology. Combination of fever with jaundice can cause diagnostic problem as this duo is present in many infective diseases. Timely diagnosis by simple laboratory investigations can save a lot of time and prevent morbidity and mortality. Our main aim was to determine the most common etiology of infectious jaundice in a tertiary care hospital of Himalayan state and to study their clinical profile. METHODOLOGY: This was a prospective observational study done in one year...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794811/a-rare-case-of-schistosomiasis-bilharzia-of-the-bladder-in-a-non-endemic-area
#6
Haresh G Thummar, Hemen I Vithlani, Pokhraj P Suthar, Deepa Regina John, Nisha Thummar, Harendra Chauhan
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis or snail fever is an endemic parasitic infection caused by various trematodes of the genus Schistosoma. People acquire the disease through contact with water containing infected snails. It is one of the most widespread human parasitic infections in tropical and subtropical regions of the world such as Africa, South America, the Middle East, Asia and the Caribbean. In 1996, the World Health Organisation estimated that more than 200 million people living in rural areas are affected by this disease...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792075/analysing-news-media-coverage-of-the-2015-nepal-earthquake-using-a-community-capitals-lens-implications-for-disaster-resilience
#7
Subas P Dhakal
South Asia is one of the regions of the world most vulnerable to natural disasters. Although news media analyses of disasters have been conducted frequently in various settings globally, there is little research on populous South Asia. This paper begins to fill this gap by evaluating local and foreign news media coverage of the earthquake in Nepal on 25 April 2015. It broadens the examination of news media coverage of disaster response beyond traditional framing theory, utilising community capitals (built, cultural, financial, human, natural, political, and social) lens to perform a thematic content analysis of 405 news items...
August 9, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789849/protective-effects-of-high-potency-fmdv-o1-manisa-monovalent-vaccine-in-cattle-challenged-with-fmdv-o-skr-2010-at-7-or-4-days-post-vaccination
#8
Jacquelyn Horsington, Claudia Beascoechea Perez, Eduardo Maradei, Sabrina Galdo Novo, Jose L Gonzales, Nagendrakumar B Singanallur, Paula Bonastre, Wilna Vosloo
Serotype O foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) virus belonging to the SEA topotype continues to be a significant problem in the Eastern Asia region, with outbreaks in Japan and South Korea resulting in the culling of over 3.5 million cattle and pigs in recent years. High-potency O1 Manisa vaccine was previously shown to provide protection in cattle 21days post vaccination (dpv) following challenge with a representative virus, O/SKR/2010. This study tested the ability of the O1 Manisa vaccine to protect cattle from infection and disease with the O/SKR/2010 virus within just 4 or 7days post vaccination...
August 5, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782036/deadly-heat-waves-projected-in-the-densely-populated-agricultural-regions-of-south-asia
#9
Eun-Soon Im, Jeremy S Pal, Elfatih A B Eltahir
The risk associated with any climate change impact reflects intensity of natural hazard and level of human vulnerability. Previous work has shown that a wet-bulb temperature of 35°C can be considered an upper limit on human survivability. On the basis of an ensemble of high-resolution climate change simulations, we project that extremes of wet-bulb temperature in South Asia are likely to approach and, in a few locations, exceed this critical threshold by the late 21st century under the business-as-usual scenario of future greenhouse gas emissions...
August 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780719/the-rare-north-american-cerambycid-beetle-dryobius-sexnotatus-shares-a-novel-pyrrole-pheromone-component-with-species-in-asia-and-south-america
#10
Natalie M Diesel, Yunfan Zou, Todd D Johnson, Donald A Diesel, Jocelyn G Millar, Judith A Mongold-Diers, Lawrence M Hanks
The compound 1-(1H-pyrrol-2-yl)-1,2-propanedione ("pyrrole") is an important pheromone component of several Asian and South American species of longhorned beetles in the subfamily Cerambycinae. Here, we report the first confirmed identification of this compound as a pheromone component of a cerambycine species native to North America, the rare beetle Dryobius sexnotatus Linsley. Headspace volatiles from males contained (R)-3-hydroxyhexan-2-one and pyrrole (ratio 1:0.13), neither of which were detected in samples from a female...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776641/the-great-divide-country-of-birth-as-a-risk-factor-for-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injuries
#11
James Brown, Supuni Kapurubandara, Emma Gibbs, Jennifer King
BACKGROUND: Obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) can complicate up to 6% of births and are a major contributor to preventable maternal morbidity. Asian women have a risk of third and fourth degree perineal tears up to four times greater than women of other ethnicities in the same community, but the lack of differentiation of Asian women into regional groups has limited insight into the reasons behind their increased risk. AIMS: To investigate risk of OASIS associated with country of birth...
August 4, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776338/epidemiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-zika-virus-infections-imported-into-korea-from-march-to-october-2016
#12
Doran Yoon, Seung Hwan Shin, Hee Chang Jang, Eu Suk Kim, Eun Hee Song, Song Mi Moon, So Youn Shin, Pyeong Gyun Choe, Jung Joon Sung, Eun Hwa Choi, Myoung Don Oh, Youngmee Jee, Nam Joong Kim
Zika is a re-emerging, mosquito-borne viral infection, which has been recently shown to cause microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Since 2015 the number of infected patients has increased significantly in South America. The purpose of this study was to identify the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of patients with Zika virus (ZIKV) infections in Korea. Patients who had visited areas of risk and tested positive in the ZIKV reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in blood, urine, or saliva specimens were included...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774810/preparedness-of-adolescents-departing-from-athens-international-airport-to-africa-or-asia-a-five-year-airport-based-prospective-study
#13
Helena C Maltezou, Androula Pavli, Kalliopi Theodoridou, Eleftherios Bournousouzis, Athanasios Minitsios, Panos Katerelos, Ioanna Lymperi, Maria Theodoridou
BACKGROUND: The number of adolescents who travel has increased. We estimated the preparedness of adolescents (12-18 years) departing from Athens to Africa and Asia. METHODS: An airport-based survey was conducted from 2011 to 2015. RESULTS: Sixty-eight adolescents participated; 27/68 (40%) had the Greek nationality. Their main destinations were the Indian subcontinent (37%) and South-East Asia (32%). Most adolescents planned to stay for <1 month (69%) or for 1-3 months (22%)...
August 1, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770900/vitamin-d-deficiency-pragmatic-suggestions-for-prevention-and-treatment
#14
Sanjay Kalra
Vitamin D deficiency is endemic to South Asia, and is associated with varied biochemical and clinical presentations. Health care professionals of all specialties need to ensure optimal Vitamin D level of all persons, irrespective of age or gender, to prevent the many complications that are associated with vitamin D deficiency. These pragmatic recommendations aim to support health care professionals in assessing, preventing and treating vitamin D deficiency, in a rational manner.
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769695/the-collection-of-bathynellacea-specimens-of-mncn-csic-madrid-microscope-slices-and-dna-extract
#15
Ana I Camacho, Beatriz A Dorda, Begoña Sánchez Chillón, Isabel Rey
This is the first published database of a Bathynellacea Chappuis, 1915 collection of slices and DNA extracts. It includes all data of bathynellaceans (Crustacea: Syncarida) collected in the last 48 years (1968 to 2016) on the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands, studied since 1984. It also includes specimens studied across many countries of Europe (Portugal, Romania, France, Italy, Slovenia, Bulgaria, and England), as well as some specimens obtained from samples of North America (Montana, Washington, Alaska and Texas), South America (Brazil, Chile and Argentina), Asia (China, Thailand, Vietnam, Mongolia and India), Africa (Morocco and Chad) and Australia (New South Wales -NSW- and Queensland)...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764224/paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation-due-to-venomous-snake-bite
#16
Samarth Virmani, Rama Bhat, Raghavendra Rao, Raahat Kapur, Savio Dsouza
Snake bites are common all around the world with a great prevalence in South Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Although they are associated with common complications such as local swelling, bleeding at site of bite, coagulopathy, etc., few rare cardiac complications such as myocardial infarctions and arrhythmias have also been described in literature. The following is a case report of a patient who had a snake bite with a Russell's viper which resulted in atrial fibrillation, which resolved on treatment with anti snake venom...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763150/pneumonia-in-the-tropics
#17
REVIEW
Tow Keang Lim, Wen Ting Siow
Pneumonia in the tropics poses a heavy disease burden. The complex interplay of climate change, human migration influences and socio-economic factors lead to changing patterns of respiratory infections in tropical climate but also increasingly in temperate countries. Tropical and poorer countries, especially South East Asia, also bear the brunt of the global tuberculosis (TB) pandemic, accounting for almost one-third of the burden. But, as human migration patterns evolve, we expect to see more TB cases in higher income as well as temperate countries, and rise in infections like scrub typhus from ecotourism activities...
August 1, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761494/underdiagnosed-complicated-plasmodium-vivax-malaria-in-a-child-need-to-think
#18
Sonu Agrawal
Malaria is major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The highest incidence of malaria in the world is South East Asia. India is most affected country followed by Indonesia and Myanmar. The prevalence of malaria varies according to geographical region. Diagnosis of malaria infection has been underestimated. Here, we report a case of under-diagnosed complicated vivax malaria in one-yr-old child in 2016. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment can reduce both morbidity and mortality in complicated malaria infection...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761276/efficacy-of-oral-colchicine-with-intralesional-hyaluronidase-or-triamcinolone-acetonide-in-the-grade-ii-oral-submucous-fibrosis
#19
Dipti Daga, R K Singh, U S Pal, Tikaram Gurung, Shilpi Gangwar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a potentially malignant disorder of oral mucosa affecting mainly population in South and Southeast Asia. The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of oral colchicine with intralesional injection of hyaluronidase or injection triamcinolone acetonide in patients with Grade II OSMF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included thirty patients of clinically diagnosed Grade II OSMF. Patients were divided randomly into two groups: Group A patients were treated by administrating tablet colchicine 0...
January 2017: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759683/outcomes-in-south-asia-matter-for-the-world
#20
Neelam Sekhri Feachem, Saate S Shakil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
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