Read by QxMD icon Read

side effect

D Yuan, X-M Liu, Z Fang, L-L Du, J Chang, S-H Lin
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) can cause chronic renal insufficiency and significantly reduce the life quality of patients with diabetes mellitus, and may eventually lead to death. The study investigated the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress-related factors, which have important roles in the progress of DN and to explore effects of resveratrol on DN and the possible mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Specific pathogen free (SPF) grade healthy male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were divided into different groups for different treatments...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Daiki Kumaki, Yukio Nakamura, Takako Suzuki, Hiroyuki Kato
Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder. Glucocorticoids are often used for AOSD, which may induce complicating glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO). An anti-resorption drug, denosumab, has recently been approved for osteoporosis treatment in Japan. However, the drug's efficacy for GIO in AOSD is largely unknown. This retrospective, consecutive case series investigated two patients with GIO in AOSD to examine the effects of denosumab on bone metabolism. Bone turnover markers, and bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar 1-4 spine (L-BMD) and bilateral total hips (H-BMD) were followed for six months in a male patient and for twelve months in a female patient...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Jiaquan Yan, Haixin Sun, Hailan Chen, Naveed Ur Rehman Junejo, En Cheng
In this paper, a novel time-frequency signature using resonance-based sparse signal decomposition (RSSD), phase space reconstruction (PSR), time-frequency distribution (TFD) and manifold learning is proposed for feature extraction of ship-radiated noise, which is called resonance-based time-frequency manifold (RTFM). This is suitable for analyzing signals with oscillatory, non-stationary and non-linear characteristics in a situation of serious noise pollution. Unlike the traditional methods which are sensitive to noise and just consider one side of oscillatory, non-stationary and non-linear characteristics, the proposed RTFM can provide the intact feature signature of all these characteristics in the form of a time-frequency signature by the following steps: first, RSSD is employed on the raw signal to extract the high-oscillatory component and abandon the low-oscillatory component...
March 22, 2018: Sensors
Zahra Fakhroueian, Rouhollah Vahabpour, Mehdi Assmar, Alireza Massiha, Afshin Zahedi, Pegah Esmaeilzadeh, Fatemeh Katouzian, Sara Rezaei, Peyman Keyhanvar, Alireza Mozafari Dehshiri
Nanoformulations derived from fine porous ZnO quantum dot nanoparticles (QD NPs) can offer strong potential medical applications; especially in cancer therapy. ZnO QD NPs was synthesized by sol-gel hydrothermal process, fast cold quenching and further smart surface functionalization methods to obtain ultrasmall size (1-4 nm) NPs. ZnO nanopolymer, a wetting agent, PEG co-solvent and water/oil emulsion stabilizer were considered in our nanofluid formulation. The resulting nanofluid was characterized by SEM, FTIR, photoluminescence, band gap energy, zeta potential and UV-Vis spectroscopy...
March 22, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Jaein Seo, B Douglas Smith, Elihu Estey, Ernest Voyard, Bernadette O' Donoghue, John F P Bridges
OBJECTIVE: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a progressive blood cancer with few effective treatment options. As part of a patient-focused drug development (PFDD) initiative led by the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society (LLS), we sought to use a community-centered approach to develop and pilot an instrument to measure patient preferences for the benefits and risks of treating AML. METHODS: Instrument development was informed by a literature review, engagement with expert stakeholders (n = 12), engagement with community stakeholders, and pretesting...
March 22, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Ming-Yen Lu, Shang-Chi Wu, Hsiang-Chen Wang, Ming-Pei Lu
As the feature sizes of devices decrease to the nanoscale, electron microscopy and lithography will become increasingly essential techniques for fabrication and inspection. In this study, we probed the memory effects of MoS2 field-effect transistors (FETs) subjected to electron beam (e-beam) irradiation; after fabricating the devices on 300 nm SiO2/Si substrates, we irradiated the MoS2 FETs with various doses of irradiation from a 30 kV e-beam. The threshold voltage shifted to the negative side and the mobility increased-a so-called memory effect-upon increasing the e-beam dose...
March 22, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Michalina Błażkiewicz, Ida Wiszomirska, Katarzyna Kaczmarczyk, Andrzej Wit
BACKGROUND: Falls constitute an important health issue. They cause significant morbidity, mortality and have marked psychological effects on the individual, too. The aim of this study has been to determine parameters describing human movement strategies for balance and the reaction if balance is lost as a result of an unstable ground, and to attempt to describe the types of falls. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group comprised 20 volunteers. Kinematic parameters of falling and dynamic stability were measured using the Vicon Motion System and the Biodex Balance System SD...
March 15, 2018: Medycyna Pracy
Avneet Kaur, Sharad Wakode, Dharam Pal Pathak, Vidushi Sharma, Ashok K Shakya
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are widely used for many years, but the chronic use of NSAID's leads to gastric side effects, ulceration and kidney problems. These side effects are due to non-selective inhibition of COX-2 along with COX-1. Therefore, it is imperative to develop novel and selective COX-2 inhibitors Objective: In this paper wehave synthesized a series of novel hybrids comprising of substituted-N-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-benzo[d]oxazole derivatives and screened for the treatment of inflammation...
March 21, 2018: Medicinal Chemistry
Maria Amorim, Ana P Pinheiro
In verbal communication, affective information is commonly conveyed to others through spatial terms (e.g. in "I am feeling down", negative affect is associated with a lower spatial location). This study used a target location discrimination task with neutral, positive and negative stimuli (words, facial expressions, and vocalizations) to test the automaticity of the emotion-space association, both in the vertical and horizontal spatial axes. The effects of stimulus type on emotion-space representations were also probed...
March 22, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
Elkurd T Mazen, Laxman B Bahroo, Rajesh Pahwa
Levodopa is the most efficacious treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). Long-term treatment with levodopa is limited due to dyskinesia. Dyskinesia in PD can be socially and functionally disabling. Extended-release amantadine (amantadine ER) is the first approved medication for the treatment of dyskinesia. When it is given at bedtime, it reaches plasma concentration approximately twice the level achieved by amantadine immediate release. Amantadine ER reduces the severity and duration of dyskinesia during the day, reduces OFF time and increases ON time without troublesome dyskinesia...
March 22, 2018: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
K Vienola, G Jurgens, J Vuorenmaa, J Apajalahti
1. Studies were conducted with tall oil fatty acids (TOFA) to determine their effect on broiler chicken performance and ileal microbiota. TOFA, a product originating from coniferous trees and recovered by fractional distillation of side-streams from pulp production, mainly comprises free long-chain fatty acids (~90%) and resin acids (~8%). Conjugated linolenic acids and pinolenic acid are characteristic fatty acid components of TOFA. 2. TOFA products at 750 mg/kg feed were tested in two 35-day broiler chicken trials, each using a wheat soya-based diet and with 12 replicate pens per treatment...
March 22, 2018: British Poultry Science
Gabriella Fabbrocini, Antonio Cristaudo, Marius-Anton Ionescu, Luigia Panariello, Geraldine Robert, Marcello Pellicano, Fabio Ayala
BACKGROUND: Many cytotoxic and biological drugs are cause of severe dermatological side effects, such as hand-foot syndrome (HFS) and hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR). Oncologic patients with HFS or HFSR presents relevant symptoms that interferes with daily activities and with adherence to anticancer treatment. The HFRS control and treatment are important goals to enhance the quality of life of oncologic patients. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of a b...
April 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Maria V Cannizzaro, Annunziata Dattola, Virginia Garofalo, Ester Del Duca, Luca Bianchi
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that manifests as open and closed comedones as well as inflammatory papules, pustules, and nodules localized on face and trunk. Oral isotretinoin demonstrated to be effective in controlling seborrhea, inflammation, Propionibacterium Acnes hyperproliferation and reducing scarring, nevertheless muco-cutaneous side effects, particularly dryness, itching, bruising are commonly seen in patients under treatment with isotretinoin reducing the compliance to the treatment...
April 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Rashmi Goyat, Pragya Rai, Jongwha Chang, Charles D Ponte, Xi Tan
BACKGROUND: Both diabetes and antidiabetic drugs (ADDs) increase the risk for cardiovascular (CV) diseases. Due to the increasing concern about CV safety associated with ADDs, the US FDA revised regulatory guidelines in 2008 to include CV safety as an endpoint. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study was to conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis to compare CV mortality of oral ADDs approved before and after the FDA's 2008 guidance. METHODS: Three electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, and the Clinical Trial Registry) were searched to retrieve studies published up to 24 February 2017...
March 21, 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
G C Feigl, C Mattersberger, W Rosmarin, R Likar, C Avila González
BACKGROUND: The success of radiofrequency ablation (RF) of the medial branch of the dorsal ramus in patients with facet joint pain depends on the effective coagulation distance. To date, computed tomography(CT)-guided techniques do not reach the nerve in parallel but rather than punctually. We report a new CT-guided technique to enhance parallelism and proximity of the RF needle to the nerve. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two examiners with different experience with CT-guided procedures in corpses performed all punctures at the lumbar spine on 10 corpses...
March 21, 2018: Der Schmerz
I Gnass, S Krutter, N Nestler
BACKGROUND: People with cancer are increasingly supported by home care services. Pain is a relevant symptom of these diseases and nurses of home care services are involved in the treatment. The German National Expert Standard "Pain management in nursing" includes evidence-based recommendations for the implementation of adequate pain management. Considering the given structural conditions of home care services, nurses describe both barriers and challenges with the implementation...
March 21, 2018: Der Schmerz
Yuan Ou, Kai Chen, Hao Cai, Hu Zhang, Qiyong Gong, Jian Wang, Wei Chen, Kui Luo
In this study, to enhance the therapeutic function and reduce the side-effects of doxorubicin (DOX), a biodegradable N-(2-hydroxypropyl) methacrylamide (HPMA) polymer-DOX conjugate has been prepared through reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization and conjugation chemistry, and the anticancer agent DOX was covalently linked to the polymeric vehicle through a pH-responsive hydrazone bond. The cellular mechanisms of the conjugate were explored, and the therapeutic indexes were studied as well...
March 22, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Jung Yeon Park, Hyo Jeong Ahn, Ba Raem Yoo, Kyu Ri Hwang, Taek Sang Lee, Hye Won Jeon, Sun Min Kim, Byoung Jae Kim
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness and safety of medical treatment with sublingual misoprostol (MS) in the 1st trimester miscarriage under the approval by Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) for off-label usage by the single medical center in Korea. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed in one institution between April 2013 and June 2016. Ninety-one patients diagnosed with miscarriage before 14 weeks of gestation and wanted to try medical treatment were included...
March 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Young-Dan Cho, Hyun-Mo Ryoo
In regenerative medicine, growing cells or tissues in the laboratory is necessary when damaged cells can not heal by themselves. Acquisition of the required cells from the patient's own cells or tissues is an ideal option without additive side effects. In this context, cell reprogramming methods, including the use of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and trans-differentiation, have been widely studied in regenerative research. Both approaches have advantages and disadvantages, and the possibility of de-differentiation because of the epigenetic memory of iPSCs has strengthened the need for controlling the epigenetic background for successful cell reprogramming...
February 2018: Journal of Bone Metabolism
Sethulakshmi Sreevalsam Anil, Badr Ratnakaran, Nisha Suresh
Hyponatremia has been reported with the use of psychotropic drugs. Olanzapine does not find much mention as a cause of hyponatremia in literature; however, it has been found to be the second most frequently reported atypical antipsychotic to cause it. We report a case of hyponatremia due to syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion which occurred at a rapid onset following the administration of low-dose olanzapine during inpatient treatment of a patient with bipolar disorder. We would like to highlight our case for the need to be vigil about such fatal side complications apart from metabolic side effects of atypical antipsychotics...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"