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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780970/three-challenges-for-future-research-on-cochlear-implants
#1
REVIEW
David B Pisoni, William G Kronenberger, Michael S Harris, Aaron C Moberly
Cochlear implants (CIs) often work very well for many children and adults with profound sensorineural (SNHL) hearing loss. Unfortunately, while many CI patients display substantial benefits in recognizing speech and understanding spoken language following cochlear implantation, a large number of patients achieve poor outcomes. Understanding and explaining the reasons for poor outcomes following implantation is a very challenging research problem that has received little attention despite the pressing clinical significance...
December 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713121/-his-whole-nature-requires-development-education-school-life-and-deafness-in-wales-1850-1914
#2
Mike Mantin
The history of deaf education has focused heavily on one major issue: the role of sign language and the rise of oralism as a means of suppressing the use of signs. This was a crucial debate which affected the lives of deaf children, informed social and cultural attitudes towards deafness and in many cases spurred resistance from deaf communities. However, other aspects of daily school life and the curriculum of Victorian and Edwardian deaf schools have rarely been commented upon. Focusing on the Cambrian Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, Wales' first deaf institution, this article will examine the teaching of writing and moral, religious and industrial education, all of which constructed an image of the intellectual and moral capabilities of the deaf child...
November 2017: Social History of Medicine: the Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708488/understanding-the-needs-of-families-of-children-who-are-deaf-hard-of-hearing-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
Susan Wiley, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Lisa Hunter, Rebekah Hudock, Dora Murphy, Katie Bentley, Tanishia Williams
BACKGROUND: There is a significant lack of evidence guiding our understanding of the needs of families of children who are deaf/hard of hearing (Deaf/HH) with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Much of our current knowledge is founded in case report studies with very small numbers of children with the dual diagnosis. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of the factors relating to caregiver stress and needs (i.e., supports and interventions) in families of children who are Deaf/HH with ASD...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697650/-the-rehabilitation-of-the-children-with-a-cochlear-implant-as-a-way-to-the-promotion-of-the-natural-development-of-the-auditory-perception-communication-and-speech
#4
O I Kukushkina, E L Goncharova
The objective of the present study was to substantiate and present the new approach to the rehabilitation of the children with cochlear implants (CI), the so-called ZP-rehabilitation, with special reference to its principal systemic differences from the 'hearing-speech' rehabilitation. The new method was tested in the course of rehabilitation of 90 deaf and dumb children having cochlear implants since the early and preschool age with the participation of 152 members of their families. As a result of the rehabilitative treatment, all the children included in the study were put on the way of the natural (normal) development of the auditory perception, communication, and speech while all the adults could communicate with the children on the natural sensory basis...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691210/risk-assessment-for-parents-who-suspect-their-child-has-autism-spectrum-disorder-machine-learning-approach
#5
Ayelet Ben-Sasson, Diana L Robins, Elad Yom-Tov
BACKGROUND: Parents are likely to seek Web-based communities to verify their suspicions of autism spectrum disorder markers in their child. Automated tools support human decisions in many domains and could therefore potentially support concerned parents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the feasibility of assessing autism spectrum disorder risk in parental concerns from Web-based sources, using automated text analysis tools and minimal standard questioning...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672722/parent-couples-coping-resources-and-involvement-in-their-children-s-intervention-program
#6
Devora Brand, Anat Zaidman-Zait, Tova Most
Parental involvement is vital to the implementation of intervention programs for deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH) children. The current study examined the dyadic relationships between mothers' and fathers' coping resources and their involvement in their child's intervention program. In addition, the moderating roles of parent's gender and family religiosity on the associations between coping resources and involvement were examined. Seventy Jewish couples of parents of DHH children, representing various levels of religiosity, completed questionnaires regarding involvement in their child's intervention program, child acceptance, parental self-efficacy, and perceived social support...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665173/a-novel-gjb2-compound-heterozygous-mutation-c-257c-g-p-t86r-c-176del16-p-g59a-fs-18-causes-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-a-chinese-family
#7
Xi Shi, Yan Zhang, Shiwei Qiu, Wei Zhuang, Na Yuan, Tiantian Sun, Jian Gao, Yuehua Qiao, Ke Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a novel compound heterozygous mutations c.257C>G (p.T86R)/c.176del16 (p.G59A fs*18) in GJB2 result in hearing loss. METHODS: Allele-specific PCR-based universal array (ASPUA) screening and sequence analysis were applied to identify these mutations. 3D model was built to perform molecular dynamics (MD) simulation to verify the susceptibility of the mutations. Furthermore, WT- and Mut-GJB2 DNA fragments, containing the mutation of c...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484430/a-novel-variant-in-mitf-in-a-child-from-yunnan-guizhou-plateau-with-autosomal-dominant-inheritance-of-nonsyndromic-hearing-loss-a-case-report
#8
Zhen Zhang, Quan-Dong Chen, Li-Ping Zhao, Jing Ma, Tie-Song Zhang, Jing-Xue Pang, Yang-Fang Li, Mei-Fen Wang, Ai-Ping Wang, Li Tang, Li-Jun Li, Wen-Ji He, Huaiyu Gu
Deafness and hearing loss may have functional, economic, social and emotional impacts on humans, including the ability of an individual to communicate with others, feelings of isolation and frustration, and health sector costs. The World Health Organization reported that there are 32 million children worldwide with hearing loss. In order to investigate genetic mutations in children of 26 nationalities with hearing loss in Yunnan, Sanger sequencing was employed to screen for mutations in four of the most common pathological genes, including gap junction protein β2 and 3, solute carrier family 26 member 4 and mitochondrial DNA...
April 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478999/exploring-the-social-capital-of-adolescents-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-and-their-parents-a-preliminary-investigation
#9
Cara L Wong, Teresa Y Ching, Jessica Whitfield, Jill Duncan
The study explored the social capital of Australian adolescents who were deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) and their parents, and investigated the relationship between social capital and individual characteristics, language, literacy, and psychosocial outcomes. Sixteen adolescents (ages 11-14 years) and 24 parents enrolled in the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment (LOCHI) study completed an online questionnaire on social capital and psychosocial outcomes. Information about demographics, language, and literacy was retrieved from the LOCHI study database...
2018: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447820/how-does-a-bilingual-environment-affect-the-results-in-children-with-cochlear-implants-compared-to-monolingual-matched-children-an-italian-follow-up-study
#10
Francesca Forli, Giada Giuntini, Annalisa Ciabotti, Luca Bruschini, Ulrika Löfkvist, Stefano Berrettini
OBJECTIVES: To compare the results after cochlear implantation achieved by monolingual and bilingual deaf children implanted at our Institution, with the aim of understanding if there are any differences between the two groups and if there is a correlation between the outcomes and some patients' variables. METHODS: The study group was composed by 14 bilingual deaf children and the control group by the same number of monolingual children implanted at our Institution...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363411/cochlear-implant-the-family-s-perspective
#11
Sheila de Souza Vieira, Giselle Dupas, Brasilia Maria Chiari
OBJECTIVE: To understand the family's experience of a child who uses a cochlear implant (CI). Specifically, to identify the difficulties, changes, and feelings entailed by deafness and the use of the CI; the coping strategies; and to understand the role of the family for the child with a CI. METHOD: Qualitative research, using Symbolic Interactionism and Straussian Grounded Theory as the theoretical and methodological frameworks, respectively. Data collection instrument: semi-structured interview...
January 24, 2018: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287868/germinal-mosaicism-of-pax3-mutation-caused-waardenburg-syndrome-type-i
#12
Kaitian Chen, Yuan Zhan, Xuan Wu, Ling Zong, Hongyan Jiang
OBJECTIVES: Waardenburg syndrome mutations are most often recurrent or de novo. The rate of familial recurrence is low and families with several affected children are extremely rare. In this study, we aimed to clarify the underlying hereditary cause of Waardenburg syndrome type I in two siblings in a Chinese family, with a mother affected by prelingual mild hearing loss and a father who was negative for clinical symptoms of Waardenburg syndrome and had a normal hearing threshold. METHODS: Complete characteristic features of the family members were recorded and genetic sequencing and parent-child relationship analyses were performed...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203800/cortical-organization-restored-by-cochlear-implantation-in-young-children-with-single-sided-deafness
#13
Melissa Jane Polonenko, Karen Ann Gordon, Sharon Lynn Cushing, Blake Croll Papsin
Early treatment of single sided deafness in children has been recommended to protect from neurodevelopmental preference for the better hearing ear and from social and educational deficits. A fairly homogeneous group of five young children (≤3.6 years of age) with normal right sided hearing who received a cochlear implant to treat deafness in their left ears were studied. Etiology of deafness was largely cytomegalovirus (n = 4); one child had an enlarged vestibular aqueduct. Multi-channel electroencephalography of cortical evoked activity was measured repeatedly over time at: 1) acute (0...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073844/hearing-preservation-cochlear-implantation-in-children-the-hearring-group-consensus-and-practice-guide
#14
Gunesh Rajan, Dayse Tavora-Vieira, Wolf-Dieter Baumgartner, Benoit Godey, Joachim Müller, Martin O'Driscoll, Henryk Skarzynski, Piotr Skarzynski, Shin-Ichi Usami, Oliver Adunka, Sumit Agrawal, Iain Bruce, Marc De Bodt, Marco Caversaccio, Harold Pilsbury, Javier Gavilán, Rudolf Hagen, Abdulrahman Hagr, Mohan Kameswaran, Eva Karltorp, Martin Kompis, Vlad Kuzovkov, Luis Lassaletta, Li Yongxin, Artur Lorens, Manikoth Manoj, Jane Martin, Griet Mertens, Robert Mlynski, Lorne Parnes, Sasidharan Pulibalathingal, Andreas Radeloff, Christopher H Raine, Ranjith Rajeswaran, Joachim Schmutzhard, Georg Sprinzl, Hinrich Staecker, Kurt Stephan, Serafima Sugarova, Mario Zernotti, Patrick Zorowka, Paul Van de Heyning
OBJECTIVES: To provide multidisciplinary cochlear implant teams with a current consensus statement to support hearing preservation cochlear implantation (HPCI) in children, including those children with symptomatic partial deafness (PD) where the intention is to use electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS). The main objectives are to provide guidelines on who is a candidate, how to assess these children and when to implant if Med-El Flex electrode arrays are chosen for implantation. METHODS: The HEARRING group reviewed the current evidence and practice regarding the management of children to be considered for HPCI surgery emphasizing the assessment needed prior to implantation in order to demonstrate the benefits in these children over time...
January 2018: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034011/the-development-of-iconicity-in-children-s-co-speech-gesture-and-homesign
#15
Erica A Cartmill, Lilia Rissman, Miriam Novack, Susan Goldin-Meadow
Gesture can illustrate objects and events in the world by iconically reproducing elements of those objects and events. Children do not begin to express ideas iconically, however, until after they have begun to use conventional forms. In this paper, we investigate how children's use of iconic resources in gesture relates to the developing structure of their communicative systems. Using longitudinal video corpora, we compare the emergence of manual iconicity in hearing children who are learning a spoken language (co-speech gesture) to the emergence of manual iconicity in a deaf child who is creating a manual system of communication (homesign)...
2017: LIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025322/auditory-and-cognitive-development-in-a-partially-deaf-child-with-bilateral-electro-acoustic-stimulation-a-case-study
#16
Josef Seebacher, Franz Muigg, Natalie Fischer, Viktor Weichbold, Kurt Stephan, Patrick Zorowka, Harald R Bliem, Joachim Schmutzhard
OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term evolution of speech and intelligence in a child with partial deafness and normal hearing in the low frequencies after sequentially receiving cochlear implants in both ears. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. STUDY SAMPLE: Male child aged 6 years was followed over a time period of four years. RESULTS: The paediatric patient had normal hearing up to 1 kHz and profound hearing loss at all higher frequencies symmetrical in both ears...
February 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019629/health-disparities-and-child-development-after-prematurity
#17
Frances A Carter, Michael E Msall
There is increased recognition that preterm neonates require sequential surveillance to capture the spectrum of coordination, communication, learning, and behavior regulation disorders that may occur in the first 5 years of life and beyond. In particular, the framework of follow-up needs to go beyond the detection of cerebral palsy, blindness, and deafness in the first 2 years of life for only those at highest preterm risk (ie, <28 weeks gestation, with combinations of severe cranial sonographic abnormalities, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and retinopathy of prematurity)...
October 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990963/terrible-twos-or-early-signs-of-psychopathology-developmental-patterns-in-early-identified-preschoolers-with-cochlear-implants-compared-with-hearing-controls
#18
Anouk P Netten, Carolien Rieffe, Lizet Ketelaar, Wim Soede, Kenneth D Gadow, Johan H M Frijns
OBJECTIVE: Cochlear implants (CIs) have dramatically improved the lives of children who are deaf or hard of hearing; however, little is known about its implications for preventing the development of psychiatric symptoms in this at-risk population. This is the first longitudinal study to examine the early manifestation of emotional and behavioral disorders and associated risk and protective factors in early identified preschoolers with CIs compared with hearing peers. DESIGN: Participants were 74 children with CIs and 190 hearing controls between ages 1 and 5 years (mean age, 3...
May 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988151/does-a-lack-of-auditory-experience-affect-sequential-learning
#19
Janne von Koss Torkildsen, Joanne Arciuli, Christiane Lingås Haukedal, Ona Bø Wie
To understand the interaction between sensory experiences and cognition, it is critical to investigate the possibility that deprivation in one sensory modality might affect cognition in other modalities. Here we are concerned with the hypothesis that early experience with sound is vital to the development of domain-general sequential processing skills. In line with this hypothesis, a seminal empirical study found that prelingually deaf children had impaired sequence learning in the visual modality. In order to assess the limits of this hypothesis, the current study employed a different visual sequence learning task in an investigation of prelingually deaf children with cochlear implants and normal hearing children...
January 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946862/long-term-outcome-in-survivors-of-neonatal-tetanus-following-specialist-intensive-care-in-vietnam
#20
Huynh T Trieu, Nguyen Thi Kim Anh, Huynh Ngoc Thien Vuong, T T M Dao, Nguyen Thi Xuan Hoa, Vo Ngoc Cat Tuong, Pham Tam Dinh, Bridget Wills, Phan Tu Qui, Le Van Tan, Lam Minh Yen, Saraswathy Sabanathan, Catherine Louise Thwaites
BACKGROUND: Neonatal tetanus continues to occur in many resource-limited settings but there are few data regarding long-term neurological outcome from the disease, especially in settings with critical care facilities. METHODS: We assessed long-term outcome following neonatal tetanus in infants treated in a pediatric intensive care unit in southern Vietnam. Neurological and neurodevelopmental testing was performed in 17 survivors of neonatal tetanus and 18 control children from the same communities using tools previously validated in Vietnamese children...
September 25, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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