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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586425/mothers-of-deaf-children-in-the-21st-century-dynamic-positioning-between-the-medical-and-cultural-linguistic-discourses
#1
Liesbeth Matthijs, Stefan Hardonk, Jasmina Sermijn, Martine Van Puyvelde, Greg Leigh, Mieke Van Herreweghe, Gerrit Loots
Traditional research examining the communicational choices made by families with deaf children tends to emanate from the premise that families engage with either of the two grand discourses on deafness (i.e., the medical or cultural-linguistic perspective). This study investigated hearing mother's engagement with the educational options for their child from a dynamic, poststructural perspective. Three Flemish mothers were interviewed in-depth at the child's ages of 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months. The data were analyzed within a theoretical model that describes the positioning process of the mothers...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585081/mental-health-assessed-by-the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-for-children-born-extremely-preterm-without-severe-disabilities-at-11%C3%A2-years-of-age-a-norwegian-national-population-based-study
#2
Silje Katrine Elgen Fevang, Mari Hysing, Kristian Sommerfelt, Irene Elgen
The aims were to investigate mental health problems with the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in children born extremely preterm/extremely low birth weight (EP/ELBW) without severe disabilities compared to controls, and to identify peri-, or neonatal factors possibly predicting later mental health problems. A national Norwegian cohort of 11-year-old EP/ELBW children, excluding those with intellectual disabilities, non-ambulatory cerebral palsy, blindness and/or deafness, was assessed. Parents and teachers completed the SDQ...
June 5, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576534/using-click-evoked-auditory-brainstem-response-thresholds-in-infants-to-estimate-the-corresponding-pure-tone-audiometry-thresholds-in-children-referred-from-unhs
#3
Tsun-Min Lu, Fang-Wei Wu, Hsiuwen Chang, Hung-Ching Lin
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether behavioral pure-tone audiometry (PTA) thresholds in children can be accurately estimated from the corresponding infants' click-evoked auditory brainstem response (ABR) thresholds through a retrospective review of data from a universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) program in Taiwan. METHOD: According to medical records from Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei Hospital District, 45,450 newborns received hearing screening during January 1999-December 2011...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575479/the-effect-of-word-frequency-on-phonemic-accuracy-in-children-with-cochlear-implants-and-peers-with-typical-levels-of-hearing
#4
Jolien Faes, Joris Gillis, Steven Gillis
The frequency of occurrence of words and sounds has a pervasive influence on typically developing children's language acquisition. For instance, highly frequent words appear earliest in a child's lexicon, and highly frequent phonemes are produced more accurately. This study evaluates (a) whether word frequency influences word accuracy and (b) whether this is also the case for children with a history of auditory deprivation. More specifically, the influence of word frequency on phonemic accuracy is examined in deaf children with a cochlear implant (CI), and compared to age-matched children with typical hearing, between word onset and age 7...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416204/-they-must-understand-we-are-people-pregnancy-and-maternity-service-use-among-signing-deaf-women-in-cape-town
#5
Margaret W Gichane, Marion Heap, Mayara Fontes, Leslie London
BACKGROUND: Women with disabilities are at disproportionate risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes, however, there is limited information on their pregnancy histories. This mixed-methods study focuses on signing Deaf women whose access to health care may be compromised by language barriers related to their disability. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare the pregnancy outcomes and maternity service use of a sample of signing Deaf women of child-bearing age in Cape Town to the population of the Western Cape of South Africa...
April 6, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408872/social-interaction-affects-neural-outcomes-of-sign-language-learning-as-a-foreign-language-in-adults
#6
Noriaki Yusa, Jungho Kim, Masatoshi Koizumi, Motoaki Sugiura, Ryuta Kawashima
Children naturally acquire a language in social contexts where they interact with their caregivers. Indeed, research shows that social interaction facilitates lexical and phonological development at the early stages of child language acquisition. It is not clear, however, whether the relationship between social interaction and learning applies to adult second language acquisition of syntactic rules. Does learning second language syntactic rules through social interactions with a native speaker or without such interactions impact behavior and the brain? The current study aims to answer this question...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377666/unique-approach-to-dental-management-of-children-with-hearing-impairment
#7
Navanith Renahan, R Balagopal Varma, Parvathy Kumaran, Arun M Xavier
The number of deaf children has dramatically increased in the past few decades. These children present to the pediatric dentist a unique set of challenges mostly pertaining to the establishment of communication with them. There have been very few attempts in the past to break down these challenges and formulate a strategy on how to manage them effectively. This is a case report of a child who was successfully managed using two different modes of communication. Finally, the advantages and disadvantages are mentioned, and a common strategy incorporating the positives of both the methods has been devised...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322503/a-novel-aberrant-splice-site-mutation-in-col27a1-is-responsible-for-steel-syndrome-and-extension-of-the-phenotype-to-include-hearing-loss
#8
Nesrin Gariballa, Afif Ben-Mahmoud, Makanko Komara, Aisha M Al-Shamsi, Anne John, Bassam R Ali, Lihadh Al-Gazali
Steel syndrome is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by skeletal abnormalities and dysmorphic features. The first mutation associated with this syndrome was reported in Puerto Rican children. In this study, we identified a novel homozygous splice site variant in COL27A1 (c.3556-2A>G) in a consanguineous Emirati family with a child affected by Steel syndrome. In addition, the affected child had severe non-progressive sensorineural hearing loss not reported previously. The variant segregated in the family in an autosomal recessive manner and we show that the variant alters mRNA splicing...
May 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291575/breaking-the-sound-barrier-exploring-parents-decision-making-process-of-cochlear-implants-for-their-children
#9
Pamara F Chang
OBJECTIVE: To understand the dynamic experiences of parents undergoing the decision-making process regarding cochlear implants for their child(ren). METHODS: Thirty-three parents of d/Deaf children participated in semi-structured interviews. Interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed, and coded using iterative and thematic coding. RESULTS: The results from this study reveal four salient topics related to parents' decision-making process regarding cochlear implantation: 1) factors parents considered when making the decision to get the cochlear implant for their child (e...
March 6, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286960/mothers-and-fathers-involvement-in-intervention-programs-for-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-children
#10
Anat Zaidman-Zait, Tova Most, Ricardo Tarrasch, Eliana Haddad
PURPOSE: Parental involvement in the rehabilitation process of deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) children is considered vital to children's progress. Today, fathers are more likely to be involved in their children's care. Nevertheless, father involvement has been understudied and relatively little is known about their involvement in families with children who are deaf or hard of hearing. In addition, there are scant data on the correlates of parents' involvement. This study explored similarities and differences in parental involvement between mothers and fathers in intervention programs for their D/HH children and tested a set of personal and social contextual variables that posited to affect parental involvement in a unique socio-cultural group...
March 12, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243949/intersecting-cultures-in-deaf-mental-health-an-ethnographic-study-of-nhs-professionals-diagnosing-autism-in-d-deaf-children
#11
Natassia F Brenman, Anja Hiddinga, Barry Wright
Autism assessments for children who are deaf are particularly complex for a number of reasons, including overlapping cultural and clinical factors. We capture this in an ethnographic study of National Health Service child and adolescent mental health services in the United Kingdom, drawing on theoretical perspectives from transcultural psychiatry, which help to understand these services as a cultural system. Our objective was to analyse how mental health services interact with Deaf culture, as a source of cultural-linguistic identity...
February 27, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238974/why-american-sign-language-gloss-must-matter
#12
Samuel J Supalla, Jody H Cripps, Andrew P Byrne
Responding to an article by Grushkin on how deaf children best learn to read, published, along with the present article, in an American Annals of the Deaf special issue, the authors review American Sign Language gloss. Topics include how ASL gloss enables deaf children to learn to read in their own language and simultaneously experience a transition to written English, and what gloss looks like and how it underlines deaf children's learning and mastery of English literacy through ASL. Rebuttal of Grushkin's argument includes data describing a deaf child's engagement in reading aloud (entirely in ASL) with a gloss text, which occurred without the breakdown implied by Grushkin...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185206/what-you-don-t-know-can-hurt-you-the-risk-of-language-deprivation-by-impairing-sign-language-development-in-deaf-children
#13
Wyatte C Hall
A long-standing belief is that sign language interferes with spoken language development in deaf children, despite a chronic lack of evidence supporting this belief. This deserves discussion as poor life outcomes continue to be seen in the deaf population. This commentary synthesizes research outcomes with signing and non-signing children and highlights fully accessible language as a protective factor for healthy development. Brain changes associated with language deprivation may be misrepresented as sign language interfering with spoken language outcomes of cochlear implants...
May 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167010/the-role-of-bone-conduction-hearing-aids-in-congenital-unilateral-hearing-loss-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
C Carrie Liu, Devon Livingstone, Warren K Yunker
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature on the audiological and/or quality of life benefits of a bone conduction hearing aid (BCHA) in children with congenital unilateral conductive or sensorineural deafness. METHODS: A systematic search was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines using the PubMed, Medline, and Embase databases. Data were collected on the following outcomes of interest: speech reception threshold, speech discrimination, sound localization, and quality of life measures...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157062/cranial-ultrasound-findings-in-preterm-infants-predict-the-development-of-cerebral-palsy
#15
Ann Lawaetz Skovgaard, Gitte Zachariassen
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to evaluate any association between gestational age, birth weight and findings on cranial ultrasounds during hospitalisation in very preterm infants and mortality and neurological outcome in childhood. METHOD: This study was a retrospective cohort study based on a patient record review. The cohort consisted of very preterm born children (gestational age ≤ 32 + 0) born from 2004 to 2008. For each infant, we obtained results from all cranial ultrasounds performed during hospitalisation...
February 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087208/-child-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis
#16
REVIEW
Jean Donadieu, Sébastien Héritier
DEFINITION: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is defined by the association of a clinical and radiological involvement and a biopsy of a pathological tissue. Extension: it can affect any organ or system of the body but most commonly the bone (80% of cases), the skin (33%) and the pituitary (25%). Other organs are concerned such as liver, spleen, hematopoietic system and the lungs (15% each), lymph nodes (5-10%) and central nervous system (CNS) excluding the pituitary (2-4%). Natural history: the natural history of the disease is very heterogeneous, ranging from auto-regressive lesions to a disease affecting multiple organs with fatal consequences, while some lesions may be responsible for permanent sequels...
January 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063244/single-sided-deafness-affects-language-and-auditory-development-a-case-control-study
#17
A Sangen, L Royackers, C Desloovere, J Wouters, A van Wieringen
OBJECTIVES: To examine auditory, linguistic and cognitive outcomes of children with single-sided deafness (SSD). An increasing body of research suggests that children with SSD lag behind with respect to their normal hearing (NH) peers. In this study, we tap into certain developmental skills. DESIGN: Case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one children with SSD between 5 and 15 years of age participated. Per child with SSD, two NH control children were matched on age and gender...
January 7, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041786/statistical-evidence-that-a-child-can-create-a-combinatorial-linguistic-system-without-external-linguistic-input-implications-for-language-evolution
#18
REVIEW
Susan Goldin-Meadow, Charles Yang
Can a child who is not exposed to a model for language nevertheless construct a communication system characterized by combinatorial structure? We know that deaf children whose hearing losses prevent them from acquiring spoken language, and whose hearing parents have not exposed them to sign language, use gestures, called homesigns, to communicate. In this study, we call upon a new formal analysis that characterizes the statistical profile of grammatical rules and, when applied to child language data, finds that young children's language is consistent with a productive grammar rather than rote memorization of specific word combinations in caregiver speech...
December 29, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017556/bilateral-globus-pallidus-internus-deep-brain-stimulation-for-dyskinetic-cerebral-palsy-supports-success-of-cochlear-implantation-in-a-5-year-old-ex-24%C3%A2-week-preterm-twin-with-absent-cerebellar-hemispheres
#19
Jean-Pierre Lin, Margaret Kaminska, Sarah Perides, Hortensia Gimeno, Lesley Baker, Daniel E Lumsden, Anzell Britz, Sandra Driver, Alec Fitzgerald-O'Connor, Richard Selway
BACKGROUND: Early onset dystonia (dyskinesia) and deafness in childhood pose significant challenges for children and carers and are the cause of multiple disability. It is particularly tragic when the child cannot make use of early cochlear implantation (CI) technology to relieve deafness and improve language and communication, because severe cervical and truncal dystonia brushes off the magnetic amplifier behind the ears. Bilateral globus pallidus internus (GPi) deep brain stimulation (DBS) neuromodulation can reduce dyskinesia, thus supporting CI neuromodulation success...
January 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939998/cochlear-implantation-in-autistic-children-with-profound-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#20
Magdalena Lachowska, Agnieszka Pastuszka, Zuzanna Łukaszewicz-Moszyńska, Lidia Mikołajewska, Kazimierz Niemczyk
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear implants have become the method of choice for the treatment of severe-to-profound hearing loss in both children and adults. Its benefits are well documented in the pediatric and adult population. Also deaf children with additional needs, including autism, have been covered by this treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the benefits from cochlear implantation in deafened children with autism as the only additional disability...
November 19, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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