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Deaf AND child OR children

Sigrid Bosteels, Michel Vandenbroeck, Geert Van Hove
New-born screening programs for congenital disorders and chronic disease are expanding worldwide and children "at risk" are identified by nationwide tracking systems at the earliest possible stage. These practices are never neutral and raise important social and ethical questions. An emergent concern is that a reflexive professionalism should interrogate the ever earlier interference in children's lives. The Flemish community of Belgium was among the first to generalize the screening for hearing loss in young children and is an interesting case to study the public justification of early interventions for families with deaf children...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
Kathryn Y Noonan, Jack Russo, Jun Shen, Heidi Rehm, Sara Halbach, Einar Hopp, Sarah Noon, Jacqueline Hoover, Clifford Eskey, James E Saunders
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and relative risk of semicircular canal dehiscence (SCD) in pediatric patients with CDH23 pathogenic variants (Usher syndrome or non-syndromic deafness) compared with age-matched controls. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Multi-institutional study. PATIENTS: Pediatric patients (ages 0-5 years) were compared based on the presence of biallelic pathogenic variants in CDH23 with pediatric controls who underwent computed tomography (CT) temporal bone scan for alternative purposes...
September 14, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Yuanyuan Peng, Donglan Sun, Lijuan Zhao, Yanhua Zhang, Xia Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To screen for mutations of deafness-related genes among ethic Chinese women of child-bearing age. METHODS: In 324 women, 9 mutational sites in 4 deafness-related genes (SLC26A4, GJB3, GJB2 and mtDNA 12s rRNA) were screened using a gene chip. RESULTS: Twenty women (6.17%) have carried mutations. These included 11 (3.40%) carrying a GJB2 gene mutation, 7 (2.16%) carrying a SLC26A4 gene mutation, 1 (0.31%) simultaneously carrying GJB3 and GJB2 gene mutations, and 1 (0...
August 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
Mette C Tollånes, Allen J Wilcox, Camilla Stoltenberg, Rolv T Lie, Dag Moster
OBJECTIVES: To explore the presence of shared underlying causes of cerebral palsy (CP) and other neurodevelopmental disorders, by examining risks of other disorders in siblings of children with CP. METHODS: We used Norwegian national registries to identify 1.4 million pairs of full siblings (singletons) and 28 000 sets of twins born from 1967 to 2006, identify stillbirths and neonatal deaths, and find individuals with CP, epilepsy, intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, blindness, deafness, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder...
August 2016: Pediatrics
L A Petitto, C Langdon, A Stone, D Andriola, G Kartheiser, C Cochran
Among the most prevailing assumptions in science and society about the human reading process is that sound and sound-based phonology are critical to young readers. The child's sound-to-letter decoding is viewed as universal and vital to deriving meaning from print. We offer a different view. The crucial link for early reading success is not between segmental sounds and print. Instead the human brain's capacity to segment, categorize, and discern linguistic patterning makes possible the capacity to segment all languages...
July 17, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
Brigitte E de Hoog, Margreet C Langereis, Marjolijn van Weerdenburg, Jos Keuning, Harry Knoors, Ludo Verhoeven
BACKGROUND: Large variability in individual spoken language outcomes remains a persistent finding in the group of children with cochlear implants (CIs), particularly in their grammatical development. AIMS: In the present study, we examined the extent of delay in lexical and morphosyntactic spoken language levels of children with CIs as compared to those of a normative sample of age-matched children with normal hearing. Furthermore, the predictive value of auditory and verbal memory factors in the spoken language performance of implanted children was analyzed...
October 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Begona Bartolomé-Villar, M Rosa Mourelle-Martínez, Montserrat Diéguez-Pérez, Manuel-Joaquín de Nova-García
INTRODUCTION: We are currently witnessing an increase in the number of disabled patients, creating the need for knowledge of each of the pathologies and of the different oral and dental conditions they present, in order to achieve efficient management and treatment. OBJECTIVES: To analyse the existing scientific literature on the oral conditions of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and children with sensory deficits (SD), in comparison with the healthy child population...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Tara Vongpaisal, Daniela Caruso, Zhicheng Yuan
Music perception of cochlear implants (CI) users is constrained by the absence of salient musical pitch cues crucial for melody identification, but is made possible by timing cues that are largely preserved by current devices. While musical timing cues, including beats and rhythms, are a potential route to music learning, it is not known what extent they are perceptible to CI users in complex sound scenes, especially when pitch and timbral features can co-occur and obscure these musical features. The task at hand, then, becomes one of optimizing the available timing cues for young CI users by exploring ways that they might be perceived and encoded simultaneously across multiple modalities...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Kevser Peker, Julide Ergil, İbrahim Öztürk
Waardenburg syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disease that may cause hearing loss, pigmentary abnormalities, neurocristopathy and partial albinism. Incidence is estimated as 2%-3% among the cases of congenital deafness and 1/42,000 of the general population. Children with Waardenburg syndrome usually require anaesthesia for the cochlear implant operation in early age. The features of the syndrome that may bear importance for anaesthetic management are laryngomalacia, multiple muscle contractures, limited neck movements, cyanotic cardiopathy and electrolyte imbalance...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Alexandra L Quittner, Ivette Cejas, Nae-Yuh Wang, John K Niparko, David H Barker
In the largest, longitudinal study of young, deaf children before and three years after cochlear implantation, we compared symbolic play and novel noun learning to age-matched hearing peers. Participants were 180 children from six cochlear implant centers and 96 hearing children. Symbolic play was measured during five minutes of videotaped, structured solitary play. Play was coded as "symbolic" if the child used substitution (e.g., a wooden block as a bed). Novel noun learning was measured in 10 trials using a novel object and a distractor...
2016: PloS One
Anat Zaidman-Zait, Deirdre Curle
The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of parenting a child with a dual diagnosis of childhood deafness and autism spectrum disorder who underwent cochlear implantation. Experiences of these parents are rarely discussed within the literature. Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis was used to examine nine mothers of boys (4-9 years old) for understanding their parenting experiences. Three superordinate themes were identified: complexity, personal and family sacrifices and parent-professional partnerships...
May 16, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
Lianna Pizzo
The author examines the theory and research relevant to educating d/Deaf and Hard of Hearing Multilingual Learners (DMLs). There is minimal research on this population, yet a synthesis of related theory, research, and practice on spoken-language bilinguals can be used to add to the body of knowledge on these learners. Specifically, the author reports on three major areas: (a) population characteristics of DMLs, (b) theories relevant to understanding the language development of DMLs, and (c) considerations for programs in designing and implementing educational services for DMLs...
2016: American Annals of the Deaf
Kate Hanvey, Marette Ambler, Justine Maggs, Katherine Wilson
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance for the provision of cochlear implants (NICE Technology Appraisal Guidance 166. Cochlear implants for children and adults with severe to profound deafness. 2009. National Health Service National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.) are used to develop candidacy criteria by public health funding bodies within the UK. Often the guidance is interpreted as strict 'criteria' whereby clinicians adhere to specific audiometric thresholds without accounting for the acceptable range of performance on individual tests or a child's functional development...
April 2016: Cochlear Implants International
E Ciciriello, P Bolzonello, R Marchi, C Falzone, E Muzzi, E Orzan
The latest international guidelines highlight the importance of involving the family in the diagnostic and rehabilitation process of children affected by permanent hearing impairment. This emphasises how meaningful this approach is for the development of the deaf child. So far, there is very little evidence about this approach in Italy, and there are still some barriers to its practical management. The aim of this paper is to report the results of a strategic analysis, which identifies the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the family empowerment process during early auditory diagnosis and rehabilitation...
February 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Heikki Peltola, Tuula Pelkonen, Irmeli Roine, Manuel Leite Cruzeiro, Luis Bernardino
INTRODUCTION: C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of inflammation, shows high serum levels in invasive bacterial infections. We investigated the potential of a single CRP measurement at different phases of acute childhood bacterial meningitis to predict outcomes. METHODS: Using whole-blood finger-prick samples with no centrifugation, CRP was measured quantitatively on arrival and on day 3 or 4 in children participating in 2 prospective, randomized, double-blind treatment studies conducted in Latin America or Angola...
June 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Amy Szarkowski, Patrick J Brice
Hearing parents of deaf and hard-of-hearing children face unique challenges and stressors, the understanding of which has been the focus of numerous studies; yet, relatively little is known about their positive experiences. Using a qualitative purposive sampling design, interviews were conducted with 11 hearing parents (8 mothers, 3 fathers) exploring parents' positive appraisals of their experiences in raising a child who is deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH). Interviews were transcribed and a thematic analysis was conducted, which allowed the researchers to identify themes and patterns in the parents' appraisals...
July 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Silje Katrine Elgen Fevang, Mari Hysing, Trond Markestad, Kristian Sommerfelt
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and gender characteristics of mental health problems in extremely preterm/extremely low birth weight (EP/ELBW) children without intellectual disabilities, blindness, deafness, or severe cerebral palsy compared with a reference group at 11 years of age. METHODS: In a national cohort of EP/ELBW children, mental health was assessed by parental and teacher report by using the Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire, the Swanson, Noland, and Pelham Questionnaire IV (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder), the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders, symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and a total difficulties score from the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire...
April 2016: Pediatrics
Jenny Lu, Anna Jones, Gary Morgan
There is debate about how input variation influences child language. Most deaf children are exposed to a sign language from their non-fluent hearing parents and experience a delay in exposure to accessible language. A small number of children receive language input from their deaf parents who are fluent signers. Thus it is possible to document the impact of quality of input on early sign acquisition. The current study explores the outcomes of differential input in two groups of children aged two to five years: deaf children of hearing parents (DCHP) and deaf children of deaf parents (DCDP)...
May 2016: Journal of Child Language
Adva Eichengreen, Dan Hoofien, Eytan Bachar
The concept of the false self has been used widely in psychoanalytic theory and practice but seldom in empirical research. In this empirically based study, elevated features of false-self defense were hypothetically associated with risk factors attendant on processes of rehabilitation and integration of children with disabilities, processes that encourage adaptation of the child to the able-bodied environment. Self-report questionnaires and in-depth interviews were conducted with 88 deaf and hard-of-hearing students and a comparison group of 88 hearing counterparts...
February 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Dingyuan Ma, Jingjing Zhang, Chunyu Luo, Ying Lin, Xiuqing Ji, Ping Hu, Zhengfeng Xu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the genetic etiology of patients with nonsyndromic hearing impairment through gene analysis, and provide accurate genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for deaf patients and families with deaf children. Previous molecular etiological studies have demonstrated that the most common molecular changes in Chinese patients with nonsyndromic hearing loss (NSHL) involved gap junction protein β 2, solute carrier family 26, member 4 (SLC26A4), and mitochondrial DNA 12S rRNA...
March 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
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