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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185206/what-you-don-t-know-can-hurt-you-the-risk-of-language-deprivation-by-impairing-sign-language-development-in-deaf-children
#1
Wyatte C Hall
A long-standing belief is that sign language interferes with spoken language development in deaf children, despite a chronic lack of evidence supporting this belief. This deserves discussion as poor life outcomes continue to be seen in the deaf population. This commentary synthesizes research outcomes with signing and non-signing children and highlights fully accessible language as a protective factor for healthy development. Brain changes associated with language deprivation may be misrepresented as sign language interfering with spoken language outcomes of cochlear implants...
February 9, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167010/the-role-of-bone-conduction-hearing-aids-in-congenital-unilateral-hearing-loss-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
C Carrie Liu, Devon Livingstone, Warren K Yunker
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature on the audiological and/or quality of life benefits of a bone conduction hearing aid (BCHA) in children with congenital unilateral conductive or sensorineural deafness. METHODS: A systematic search was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines using the PubMed, Medline, and Embase databases. Data were collected on the following outcomes of interest: speech reception threshold, speech discrimination, sound localization, and quality of life measures...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157062/cranial-ultrasound-findings-in-preterm-infants-predict-the-development-of-cerebral-palsy
#3
Ann Lawaetz Skovgaard, Gitte Zachariassen
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to evaluate any association between gestational age, birth weight and findings on cranial ultrasounds during hospitalisation in very preterm infants and mortality and neurological outcome in childhood. METHOD: This study was a retrospective cohort study based on a patient record review. The cohort consisted of very preterm born children (gestational age ≤ 32 + 0) born from 2004 to 2008. For each infant, we obtained results from all cranial ultrasounds performed during hospitalisation...
February 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087208/-child-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis
#4
REVIEW
Jean Donadieu, Sébastien Héritier
DEFINITION: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is defined by the association of a clinical and radiological involvement and a biopsy of a pathological tissue. Extension: it can affect any organ or system of the body but most commonly the bone (80% of cases), the skin (33%) and the pituitary (25%). Other organs are concerned such as liver, spleen, hematopoietic system and the lungs (15% each), lymph nodes (5-10%) and central nervous system (CNS) excluding the pituitary (2-4%). Natural history: the natural history of the disease is very heterogeneous, ranging from auto-regressive lesions to a disease affecting multiple organs with fatal consequences, while some lesions may be responsible for permanent sequels...
January 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063244/single-sided-deafness-affects-language-and-auditory-development-a-case-control-study
#5
A Sangen, L Royackers, C Desloovere, J Wouters, A van Wieringen
OBJECTIVES: To examine auditory, linguistic and cognitive outcomes of children with single-sided deafness (SSD). An increasing body of research suggests that children with SSD lag behind with respect to their normal hearing (NH) peers. In this study, we tap into certain developmental skills. DESIGN: Case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one children with SSD between 5 and 15 years of age participated. Per child with SSD, two NH control children were matched on age and gender...
January 7, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041786/statistical-evidence-that-a-child-can-create-a-combinatorial-linguistic-system-without-external-linguistic-input-implications-for-language-evolution
#6
REVIEW
Susan Goldin-Meadow, Charles Yang
Can a child who is not exposed to a model for language nevertheless construct a communication system characterized by combinatorial structure? We know that deaf children whose hearing losses prevent them from acquiring spoken language, and whose hearing parents have not exposed them to sign language, use gestures, called homesigns, to communicate. In this study, we call upon a new formal analysis that characterizes the statistical profile of grammatical rules and, when applied to child language data, finds that young children's language is consistent with a productive grammar rather than rote memorization of specific word combinations in caregiver speech...
December 29, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017556/bilateral-globus-pallidus-internus-deep-brain-stimulation-for-dyskinetic-cerebral-palsy-supports-success-of-cochlear-implantation-in-a-5-year-old-ex-24%C3%A2-week-preterm-twin-with-absent-cerebellar-hemispheres
#7
Jean-Pierre Lin, Margaret Kaminska, Sarah Perides, Hortensia Gimeno, Lesley Baker, Daniel E Lumsden, Anzell Britz, Sandra Driver, Alec Fitzgerald-O'Connor, Richard Selway
BACKGROUND: Early onset dystonia (dyskinesia) and deafness in childhood pose significant challenges for children and carers and are the cause of multiple disability. It is particularly tragic when the child cannot make use of early cochlear implantation (CI) technology to relieve deafness and improve language and communication, because severe cervical and truncal dystonia brushes off the magnetic amplifier behind the ears. Bilateral globus pallidus internus (GPi) deep brain stimulation (DBS) neuromodulation can reduce dyskinesia, thus supporting CI neuromodulation success...
January 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939998/cochlear-implantation-in-autistic-children-with-profound-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#8
Magdalena Lachowska, Agnieszka Pastuszka, Zuzanna Łukaszewicz-Moszyńska, Lidia Mikołajewska, Kazimierz Niemczyk
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear implants have become the method of choice for the treatment of severe-to-profound hearing loss in both children and adults. Its benefits are well documented in the pediatric and adult population. Also deaf children with additional needs, including autism, have been covered by this treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the benefits from cochlear implantation in deafened children with autism as the only additional disability...
November 19, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898605/initial-results-of-a-safety-and-feasibility-study-of-auditory-brainstem-implantation-in-congenitally-deaf-children
#9
Eric P Wilkinson, Laurie S Eisenberg, Mark D Krieger, Marc S Schwartz, Margaret Winter, Jamie L Glater, Amy S Martinez, Laurel M Fisher, Robert V Shannon
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and feasibility of the auditory brainstem implant (ABI) in congenitally deaf children with cochlear aplasia and/or cochlear nerve deficiency. STUDY DESIGN: Phase I feasibility clinical trial of surgery in 10 children, ages 2 to 5 years, over a 3-year period. SETTING: Tertiary children's hospital and university-based pediatric speech/language/hearing center. INTERVENTION(S): ABI implantation and postsurgical programming...
February 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881481/emotion-understanding-in-preschool-children-with-mild-to-severe-hearing-loss
#10
Nina J Laugen, Karl H Jacobsen, Carolien Rieffe, Lars Wichstrøm
Deaf and hard of hearing school-aged children are at risk for delayed development of emotion understanding; however, little is known about this during the preschool years. We compared the level of emotion understanding in a group of 35 4-5-year-old children who use hearing aids to that of 130 children with typical hearing. Moreover, we investigated the parents' perception of their child's level of emotion understanding. Children were assessed with the Test of Emotion Comprehension. Parents were presented with the same test and asked to guess what their child answered on each item...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828788/sequential-bilateral-cochlear-implantation-in-children-outcome-of-the-second-implant-and-long-term-use
#11
Marte Myhrum, Henrik Strøm-Roum, Mariann Gjervik Heldahl, Arne Kirkhorn Rødvik, Beth Eksveen, Borghild Landsvik, Kjell Rasmussen, Ole Edvard Tvete
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to assess speech perception outcomes of second-side cochlear implants (CI2) relative to first-side implants (CI1) in 160 participants who received their CI1 as a child. The predictive factors of CI2 speech perception outcomes were investigated. In addition, CI2 device use predictive models were assessed using the categorical variable of participant's decision to use CI2 for a minimum of 5 years after surgery. Findings from a prospective study that evaluated the bilateral benefit for speech recognition in noise in a participant subgroup (n = 29) are also presented...
November 8, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808566/promoting-lexical-learning-in-the-speech-and-language-therapy-of-children-with-cochlear-implants
#12
Riitta Ronkainen, Minna Laakso, Eila Lonka, Tuula Tykkyläinen
This study examines lexical intervention sessions in speech and language therapy for children with cochlear implants (CIs). Particular focus is on the therapist's professional practices in doing the therapy. The participants in this study are three congenitally deaf children with CIs together with their speech and language therapist. The video recorded therapy sessions of these children are studied using conversation analysis. The analysis reveals the ways in which the speech and language therapist formulates her speaking turns to support the children's lexical learning in task interaction...
November 3, 2016: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789553/the-transition-from-early-intervention-to-school-for-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-administrator-perspectives
#13
Deirdre Curle, Janet Jamieson, Marla Buchanan, Brenda T Poon, Anat Zaidman-Zait, Nancy Norman
Although the transition from early intervention (EI) to school is a significant milestone in the lives of young children, little research to date has investigated this transition among children who are deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH). The aims of this study were to investigate the organizational policies, procedures, and guidelines that facilitate or hinder the transition from the EI system to the school system for children who are D/HH from the perspective of program administrators. Using the Enhanced Critical Incident Technique methodology, 146 incidents were extracted from 10 interviews and sorted into 10 helping, 9 hindering, and 5 wish list categories...
January 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771538/successful-communication-does-not-drive-language-development-evidence-from-adult-homesign
#14
Emily M Carrigan, Marie Coppola
Constructivist accounts of language acquisition maintain that the language learner aims to match a target provided by mature users. Communicative problem solving in the context of social interaction and matching a linguistic target or model are presented as primary mechanisms driving the language development process. However, research on the development of homesign gesture systems by deaf individuals who have no access to a linguistic model suggests that aspects of language can develop even when typical input is unavailable...
October 20, 2016: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761875/saving-deaf-children-screening-for-hearing-loss-as-a-public-interest-case
#15
Sigrid Bosteels, Michel Vandenbroeck, Geert Van Hove
New-born screening programs for congenital disorders and chronic disease are expanding worldwide and children "at risk" are identified by nationwide tracking systems at the earliest possible stage. These practices are never neutral and raise important social and ethical questions. An emergent concern is that a reflexive professionalism should interrogate the ever earlier interference in children's lives. The Flemish community of Belgium was among the first to generalize the screening for hearing loss in young children and is an interesting case to study the public justification of early interventions for families with deaf children...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631835/cdh23-related-hearing-loss-a-new-genetic-risk-factor-for-semicircular-canal-dehiscence
#16
Kathryn Y Noonan, Jack Russo, Jun Shen, Heidi Rehm, Sara Halbach, Einar Hopp, Sarah Noon, Jacqueline Hoover, Clifford Eskey, James E Saunders
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and relative risk of semicircular canal dehiscence (SCD) in pediatric patients with CDH23 pathogenic variants (Usher syndrome or non-syndromic deafness) compared with age-matched controls. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Multi-institutional study. PATIENTS: Pediatric patients (ages 0-5 years) were compared based on the presence of biallelic pathogenic variants in CDH23 with pediatric controls who underwent computed tomography (CT) temporal bone scan for alternative purposes...
September 14, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454998/-screening-of-mutations-of-deafness-related-genes-in-women-of-child-bearing-age-from-shijiazhuang-area
#17
Yuanyuan Peng, Donglan Sun, Lijuan Zhao, Yanhua Zhang, Xia Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To screen for mutations of deafness-related genes among ethic Chinese women of child-bearing age. METHODS: In 324 women, 9 mutational sites in 4 deafness-related genes (SLC26A4, GJB3, GJB2 and mtDNA 12s rRNA) were screened using a gene chip. RESULTS: Twenty women (6.17%) have carried mutations. These included 11 (3.40%) carrying a GJB2 gene mutation, 7 (2.16%) carrying a SLC26A4 gene mutation, 1 (0.31%) simultaneously carrying GJB3 and GJB2 gene mutations, and 1 (0...
August 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443356/neurodevelopmental-disorders-or-early-death-in-siblings-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
Mette C Tollånes, Allen J Wilcox, Camilla Stoltenberg, Rolv T Lie, Dag Moster
OBJECTIVES: To explore the presence of shared underlying causes of cerebral palsy (CP) and other neurodevelopmental disorders, by examining risks of other disorders in siblings of children with CP. METHODS: We used Norwegian national registries to identify 1.4 million pairs of full siblings (singletons) and 28 000 sets of twins born from 1967 to 2006, identify stillbirths and neonatal deaths, and find individuals with CP, epilepsy, intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, blindness, deafness, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder...
August 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27425650/visual-sign-phonology-insights-into-human-reading-and-language-from-a-natural-soundless-phonology
#19
REVIEW
L A Petitto, C Langdon, A Stone, D Andriola, G Kartheiser, C Cochran
Among the most prevailing assumptions in science and society about the human reading process is that sound and sound-based phonology are critical to young readers. The child's sound-to-letter decoding is viewed as universal and vital to deriving meaning from print. We offer a different view. The crucial link for early reading success is not between segmental sounds and print. Instead the human brain's capacity to segment, categorize, and discern linguistic patterning makes possible the capacity to segment all languages...
November 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414061/auditory-and-verbal-memory-predictors-of-spoken-language-skills-in-children-with-cochlear-implants
#20
Brigitte E de Hoog, Margreet C Langereis, Marjolijn van Weerdenburg, Jos Keuning, Harry Knoors, Ludo Verhoeven
BACKGROUND: Large variability in individual spoken language outcomes remains a persistent finding in the group of children with cochlear implants (CIs), particularly in their grammatical development. AIMS: In the present study, we examined the extent of delay in lexical and morphosyntactic spoken language levels of children with CIs as compared to those of a normative sample of age-matched children with normal hearing. Furthermore, the predictive value of auditory and verbal memory factors in the spoken language performance of implanted children was analyzed...
October 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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