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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666163/neurodevelopmental-impairment-among-extremely-preterm-infants-in-the-neonatal-research-network
#1
Ira Adams-Chapman, Roy J Heyne, Sara B DeMauro, Andrea F Duncan, Susan R Hintz, Athina Pappas, Betty R Vohr, Scott A McDonald, Abhik Das, Jamie E Newman, Rosemary D Higgins
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the spectrum of neurodevelopmental outcome in a contemporary cohort of extremely preterm infants. We hypothesize that the rate of severe neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) decreases over time. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants ≤27 weeks' gestational age (GA) from a Neonatal Research Network center that completed neurodevelopmental follow-up assessments between April 1, 2011, and January 1, 2015...
April 17, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605349/utility-of-whole-exome-sequencing-in-the-diagnosis-of-usher-syndrome-report-of-novel-compound-heterozygous-myo7a-mutations
#2
Khushnooda Ramzan, Mohammed Al-Owain, Rozeena Huma, Selwa A F Al-Hazzaa, Sarah Al-Ageel, Faiqa Imtiaz, Moeenaldeen Al-Sayed
Next generation sequencing (NGS), such as targeted panel sequencing, whole-exome sequencing and whole-genome sequencing has led to an exponential increase of elucidated genetic causes in both rare diseases, and common but heterogeneous disorders. NGS is applied in both research and clinical settings, and the clinical exome sequencing (CES), which provides not only the sequence variation data but also clinical interpretation, aids in reaching a final conclusion with regards to a genetic diagnosis. Usher syndrome is a group of disorders, characterized by bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, with or without vestibular dysfunction and retinitis pigmentosa...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602859/prevalence-of-childhood-hearing-impairment-of-different-severities-in-urban-and-rural-areas-a-nationwide-population-based-study-in-taiwan
#3
Cheng-Yu Lin, Yen-Cheng Tseng, How-Ran Guo, Der-Chung Lai
OBJECTIVE: Childhood hearing impairment (CHI) is a major developmental disability, but data at the national level are limited, especially those on different severities. We conducted a study to fill this data gap. DESIGN: A nationwide study on the basis of a reporting system. SETTING: To provide services to disabled citizens, the Taiwanese government maintains a registry of certified cases. Using data from this registry, we estimated prevalence rates of CHI of different severities from 2004 to 2010 and made comparisons between urban and rural areas...
March 30, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587304/vocal-emotion-identification-by-children-using-cochlear-implants-relations-to-voice-quality-and-musical-interests
#4
Teija Waaramaa, Tarja Kukkonen, Sari Mykkänen, Ahmed Geneid
Purpose: Listening tests for emotion identification were conducted with 8-17-year-old children with hearing impairment (HI; N = 25) using cochlear implants, and their 12-year-old peers with normal hearing (N = 18). The study examined the impact of musical interests and acoustics of the stimuli on correct emotion identification. Method: The children completed a questionnaire with their background information and noting musical interests. They then listened to vocal stimuli produced by actors (N = 5) and consisting of nonsense sentences and prolonged vowels ([a:], [i:], and [u:]; N = 32) expressing excitement, anger, contentment, and fear...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513866/video-feedback-for-families-of-hearing-impaired-children
#5
Ingrid Rafaella Dantas Dos Santos, Joseli Soares Brazorotto
In order to improve speech-language development in children with hearing impairment, in addition to speech-language therapy, the family should be the modifying agent for a satisfactory therapeutic response. Studies that analyze the effectiveness of speech-language pathology (SLP) intervention programs through video feedback are important, given the positive effects of this tool on the modification of behaviors with families of children with disabilities. Therefore, it is believed that video feedback interventions contribute improve the communicative interactions between the families and children assisted by auditory rehabilitation services...
March 5, 2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489468/the-influence-of-hearing-aid-gain-on-gap-detection-thresholds-for-children-and-adults-with-hearing-loss
#6
Marc A Brennan, Ryan W McCreery, Emily Buss, Walt Jesteadt
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this experiment was to examine the contributions of audibility to the ability to perceive a gap in noise for children and adults. Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in adulthood is associated with a deficit in gap detection. It is well known that reduced audibility in adult listeners with SNHL contributes to this deficit; however, it is unclear the extent to which hearing aid amplification can restore gap-detection thresholds, and the effect of childhood SNHL on gap-detection thresholds have not been described...
February 27, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478999/exploring-the-social-capital-of-adolescents-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-and-their-parents-a-preliminary-investigation
#7
Cara L Wong, Teresa Y Ching, Jessica Whitfield, Jill Duncan
The study explored the social capital of Australian adolescents who were deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) and their parents, and investigated the relationship between social capital and individual characteristics, language, literacy, and psychosocial outcomes. Sixteen adolescents (ages 11-14 years) and 24 parents enrolled in the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment (LOCHI) study completed an online questionnaire on social capital and psychosocial outcomes. Information about demographics, language, and literacy was retrieved from the LOCHI study database...
2018: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451456/clival-meningocele-causing-bilateral-hearing-loss-in-a-child-due-to-superficial-siderosis-of-the-central-nervous-system-case-report
#8
Stephen J Johans, Kevin N Swong, Daniel J Burkett, Michael P Wemhoff, Sean M Lew, Chirag R Patel, Anand V Germanwala
Superficial siderosis (SS) of the CNS is a rare and often unrecognized condition. Caused by hemosiderin deposition from chronic, repetitive hemorrhage in the subarachnoid space, it results in parenchymal damage in the subpial layers of the brain and spinal cord. T2-weighted MRI shows the characteristic hypointensity of hemosiderin deposition, classically occurring around the cerebellum, brainstem, and spinal cord. Patients present with progressive gait ataxia and sensorineural hearing impairment. Although there have been several studies, case reports, and review articles over the years, the clear pathophysiology of subarachnoid space hemorrhage remains to be elucidated...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441834/speech-processing-to-improve-the-perception-of-speech-in-background-noise-for-children-with-auditory-processing-disorder-and-typically-developing-peers
#9
Sheila Flanagan, Tudor-Cătălin Zorilă, Yannis Stylianou, Brian C J Moore
Auditory processing disorder (APD) may be diagnosed when a child has listening difficulties but has normal audiometric thresholds. For adults with normal hearing and with mild-to-moderate hearing impairment, an algorithm called spectral shaping with dynamic range compression (SSDRC) has been shown to increase the intelligibility of speech when background noise is added after the processing. Here, we assessed the effect of such processing using 8 children with APD and 10 age-matched control children. The loudness of the processed and unprocessed sentences was matched using a loudness model...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398506/international-consensus-icon-on-management-of-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-children
#10
F Simon, M Haggard, R M Rosenfeld, H Jia, S Peer, M-N Calmels, V Couloigner, N Teissier
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a common childhood disease defined as the presence of liquid in the middle ear without signs or symptoms of acute ear infection. Children can be impacted mainly with hearing impairment and/or co-occurring recurrent acute otitis media (AOM) thus requiring treatment. Although many meta-analyses and national guidelines have been issued, management remains difficult to standardize, and use of surgical and medical treatments continue to vary. We convened an international consensus conference as part of the 2017 International Federation of Oto-rhino-laryngological Societies Congress, to identify best practices in OME management...
February 2, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314150/role-of-intelligence-quotient-iq-on-anxiety-and-behavior-in-children-with-hearing-and-speech-impairment
#11
Raghavendra M Shetty, Aditi Pashine, Nijo A Jose, Somasundar Mantha
AIM: To assess and compare the role of IQ on anxiety and behavior of children with and without hearing and speech impairment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 120 children of age group 7-14 years were included in the study, of which control group comprised of 60 normal healthy children and 60 hearing and speech impaired children formed the study group. The study was done in two consecutive sessions. First appointment for Culture Fair Intelligence Test and second appointment for RMS pictorial anxiety score (RMS-PS) and Frankl behavior rating which were assessed during oral prophylaxis...
January 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181530/neurodevelopmental-and-behavioral-outcomes-in-extremely-premature-neonates-with-ventriculomegaly-in-the-absence-of-periventricular-intraventricular-hemorrhage
#12
Athina Pappas, Ira Adams-Chapman, Seetha Shankaran, Scott A McDonald, Barbara J Stoll, Abbot R Laptook, Waldemar A Carlo, Krisa P Van Meurs, Susan R Hintz, Martha D Carlson, Jane E Brumbaugh, Michele C Walsh, Myra H Wyckoff, Abhik Das, Rosemary D Higgins
Importance: Studies of cranial ultrasonography and early childhood outcomes among cohorts of extremely preterm neonates have linked periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage and cystic periventricular leukomalacia with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. However, the association between nonhemorrhagic ventriculomegaly and neurodevelopmental and behavioral outcomes is not fully understood. Objective: To characterize the outcomes of extremely preterm neonates younger than 27 weeks' gestational age who experienced nonhemorrhagic ventriculomegaly that was detected prior to 36 weeks' postmenstrual age...
January 1, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179740/childhood-disability-in-malawi-a-population-based-assessment-using-the-key-informant-method
#13
Myroslava Tataryn, Sarah Polack, Linda Chokotho, Wakisa Mulwafu, Petros Kayange, Lena Morgon Banks, Christiane Noe, Chris Lavy, Hannah Kuper
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data on childhood disability are lacking in Low and Middle Income countries (LMICs) such as Malawi, hampering effective service planning and advocacy. The Key Informant Method (KIM) is an innovative, cost-effective method for generating population data on the prevalence and causes of impairment in children. The aim of this study was to use the Key Informant Method to estimate the prevalence of moderate/severe, hearing, vision and physical impairments, intellectual impairments and epilepsy in children in two districts in Malawi and to estimate the associated need for rehabilitation and other services...
November 28, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176394/hearing-loss-in-children-with-otitis-media-with-effusion-actual-and-simulated-effects-on-speech-perception
#14
Ting Cai, Bradley McPherson, Caiwei Li, Feng Yang
OBJECTIVE: Conductive hearing loss simulations have attempted to estimate the speech-understanding difficulties of children with otitis media with effusion (OME). However, the validity of this approach has not been evaluated. The research aim of the present study was to investigate whether a simple, frequency-specific, attenuation-based simulation of OME-related hearing loss was able to reflect the actual effects of conductive hearing loss on speech perception. DESIGN: Forty-one school-age children with OME-related hearing loss were recruited...
November 14, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145559/prenatal-alcohol-exposure-and-suspected-hearing-impairment-among-children-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Satomi Yoshida, Calistus Wilunda, Takeshi Kimura, Masato Takeuchi, Koji Kawakami
Aims: This study aimed to examine the association between prenatal alcohol exposure and hearing impairment among Japanese children using early childhood health check-up data. Methods: This retrospective cohort study used population-based health check-up data for children who were born between April 2000 and March 2013 in Hofu city, Japan. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between prenatal alcohol exposure and hearing impairment among children at the age of 36 months...
November 14, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106869/check-list-for-the-assessment-of-functional-impairment-in-children-with-congenital-aural-atresia
#16
Silvia Montino, Anna Agostinelli, Patrizia Trevisi, Alessandro Martini, Sara Ghiselli
OBJECTIVES: Congenital Aural Atresia (CAA) is a deformity of the external ear and it is commonly associated with malformations of middle and inner ear and, in some cases, with other facial deformities. Very few assessment measures exist for evaluating the functional impairment in children with CAA. Purpose of this study is to introduce and describe an assessment Checklist, (nominated FOS Checklist) that covers feeding abilities (F), oralmotor skills (O), communication/language development (S) in children with CAA...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038719/phenomenological-needs-assessment-of-parents-of-children-with-cochlear-implants
#17
Firoozeh Mostafavi, Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Hazavehei, Mohammad Majid Oryadi-Zanjani, Gholamreza Sharifi Rad, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Leila Ravanyar
BACKGROUND: The use of cochlear implants has been a remarkable success in reducing disabilities in those with impaired hearing, which have made a significant change in the patients' quality of life. Only by relying on cochlear implants, disabilities cannot be eliminated in the hearing impaired, and, alongside this intervention, rehabilitation practices such as through family and community support are necessary. AIM: To explain the needs of parents of children with cochlear implants to increase the quality of rehabilitation services and family-based interventions...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988151/does-a-lack-of-auditory-experience-affect-sequential-learning
#18
Janne von Koss Torkildsen, Joanne Arciuli, Christiane Lingås Haukedal, Ona Bø Wie
To understand the interaction between sensory experiences and cognition, it is critical to investigate the possibility that deprivation in one sensory modality might affect cognition in other modalities. Here we are concerned with the hypothesis that early experience with sound is vital to the development of domain-general sequential processing skills. In line with this hypothesis, a seminal empirical study found that prelingually deaf children had impaired sequence learning in the visual modality. In order to assess the limits of this hypothesis, the current study employed a different visual sequence learning task in an investigation of prelingually deaf children with cochlear implants and normal hearing children...
January 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953604/assessment-of-behavioral-problems-in-children-with-hearing-loss
#19
Caitlin E Fiorillo, Vania Rashidi, Philip M Westgate, Julie A Jacobs, Matthew L Bush, Christina R Studts
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of disruptive behavior problems between preschool-aged children with hearing loss and normal hearing. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary academic center. PATIENTS: Caregivers of children (2-5 yr old) with normal hearing (NH) (n = 39), hearing loss using hearing aid(s) (HA) (n = 29), or cochlear implant(s) (CI) (n = 21). INTERVENTION(S): Demographic information and a mental health history were obtained...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937080/branchio-oto-renal-syndrome-presenting-with-syndrome-of-hyporeninemic-hypoaldosteronism
#20
Jane Jackie David, Preeti Shanbag
Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome is an autosomal dominant, clinically heterogeneous disorder characterized by branchial arch anomalies, hearing impairment, and renal malformations. We report the case of a 10-year-old boy with BOR syndrome who presented with hyperkalemic hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis due to hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism. The child also had mental retardation and spastic diplegia which have hitherto not been described in BOR syndrome.
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
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