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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988151/does-a-lack-of-auditory-experience-affect-sequential-learning
#1
Janne von Koss Torkildsen, Joanne Arciuli, Christiane Lingås Haukedal, Ona Bø Wie
To understand the interaction between sensory experiences and cognition, it is critical to investigate the possibility that deprivation in one sensory modality might affect cognition in other modalities. Here we are concerned with the hypothesis that early experience with sound is vital to the development of domain-general sequential processing skills. In line with this hypothesis, a seminal empirical study found that prelingually deaf children had impaired sequence learning in the visual modality. In order to assess the limits of this hypothesis, the current study employed a different visual sequence learning task in an investigation of prelingually deaf children with cochlear implants and normal hearing children...
October 5, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953604/assessment-of-behavioral-problems-in-children-with-hearing-loss
#2
Caitlin E Fiorillo, Vania Rashidi, Philip M Westgate, Julie A Jacobs, Matthew L Bush, Christina R Studts
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of disruptive behavior problems between preschool-aged children with hearing loss and normal hearing. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary academic center. PATIENTS: Caregivers of children (2-5 yr old) with normal hearing (NH) (n = 39), hearing loss using hearing aid(s) (HA) (n = 29), or cochlear implant(s) (CI) (n = 21). INTERVENTION(S): Demographic information and a mental health history were obtained...
September 26, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937080/branchio-oto-renal-syndrome-presenting-with-syndrome-of-hyporeninemic-hypoaldosteronism
#3
Jane Jackie David, Preeti Shanbag
Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome is an autosomal dominant, clinically heterogeneous disorder characterized by branchial arch anomalies, hearing impairment, and renal malformations. We report the case of a 10-year-old boy with BOR syndrome who presented with hyperkalemic hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis due to hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism. The child also had mental retardation and spastic diplegia which have hitherto not been described in BOR syndrome.
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931311/validating-the-unicef-washington-group-child-functioning-module-for-fijian-schools-to-identify-seeing-hearing-and-walking-difficulties
#4
Beth Sprunt, Monsurul Hoq, Umesh Sharma, Manjula Marella
PURPOSE: This study investigated the seeing, hearing and walking questions of the UNICEF/Washington Group Child Functioning Module and the inter-rater reliability between teachers and parents as proxy respondents. METHODS: Cross-sectional diagnostic accuracy study, two-gate design with representative sampling, comparing Module responses to reference standard assessments for 472 primary aged students in Fiji. Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed to determine the area under the curve and optimal cut-off points...
September 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929069/our-experience-of-treating-wide-spectrum-of-external-ear-canal-atresia-of-different-etiologies-in-pediatric-patients
#5
Kranti Bhavana
External auditory canal atresia (EACA) is a common otologic condition. Etiology can vary from congenital to acquired causes. It causes considerable difficulty to the patient. Bilateral ear canal atresia in children can lead to speech delays due to hearing impairment caused by this condition. Though easily diagnosed it is one of the most difficult conditions to treat. Acquired conditions can affect any age group. Restenosis following treatment is very common. This article focuses on the treatment of EACA due to different etiologies and emphasizes on special points of surgical treatment and follow up...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895463/impact-of-primary-language-and-insurance-on-pediatric-hearing-health-care-in-a-multidisciplinary-clinic
#6
Brooke M Su, Jason S Park, Dylan K Chan
Objective This study aims to describe the effects of primary language and insurance status on care utilization among deaf or hard-of-hearing children under active otolaryngologic and audiologic care. Study Design Cross-sectional analysis. Setting Multidisciplinary hearing loss clinic at a tertiary center. Subjects and Methods Demographics, hearing loss data, and validated survey responses were collected from 206 patients aged 0 to 19 years. Two-sided t tests and χ(2) tests were used to obtain descriptive statistics and hypothesis testing...
October 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895262/physical-and-mental-health-of-young-people-with-and-without-intellectual-disabilities-cross-sectional-analysis-of-a-whole-country-population
#7
G Young-Southward, E Rydzewska, C Philo, S-A Cooper
BACKGROUND: Transition to adulthood may be a period of vulnerability for health for individuals with intellectual disabilities. No large-scale studies have compared the health of individuals with and without intellectual disabilities undergoing transition. The aims of this study were (1) to compare health during transition for individuals with and without intellectual disabilities across a whole country population and (2) to establish whether transition is associated with health in the population with intellectual disabilities...
October 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862181/identification-of-a-novel-homozygous-mutation-in-transmembrane-channel-like-1-tmc1-gene-one-of-the-second-tier-hearing-loss-genes-after-gjb2-in-india
#8
Pawan Kumar Singh, Manju Ghosh, Shipra Sharma, Shivaram Shastri, Neerja Gupta, Madhumita Roy Chowdhury, Anuranjan Anand, Madhulika Kabra
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Hearing impairment is a common and heterogeneous sensory disorder in humans. Among about 90 genes, which are known to be associated with hearing impairment, mutations in the GJB2 (gap junction protein beta 2) gene are the most prevalent in individuals with hereditary hearing loss. Contribution of the other deafness-causing genes is relatively poorly understood. Here, we present our findings on two families with transmembrane channel like 1 (TMC1) gene variants of the 47 families with nonsyndromic hearing loss (NSHL) studied...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813070/neonatal-hearing-screening-in-primary-health-care-and-family-health-care
#9
José Carlos Sabbag, Adriana Bender Moreira de Lacerda
Purpose: The Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) looks for early diagnosis and rehabilitation of newborns at risk or not of hearing impairment. The purpose is analyze the flow of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening in the family health care strategy unit through the tracking and monitoring of children. Methods: This is a quantitative and retrospective study. The trace begins with the third copy of the Live Newborn Declaration, filled in at the maternity ward...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790873/parent-child-interaction-therapy-current-perspectives
#10
REVIEW
Corey C Lieneman, Laurel A Brabson, April Highlander, Nancy M Wallace, Cheryl B McNeil
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an empirically supported intervention originally developed to treat disruptive behavior problems in children between the ages of 2 and 7 years. Since its creation over 40 years ago, PCIT has been studied internationally with various populations and has been found to be an effective intervention for numerous behavioral and emotional issues. This article summarizes progress in the PCIT literature over the past decade (2006-2017) and outlines future directions for this important work...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755567/microcephaly-and-zika-virus-neuroradiological-aspects-clinical-findings-and-a-proposed-framework-for-early-evaluation-of-child-development
#11
Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha, Ana Carolina de Campos, Fellipe Cicuto Ferreira Rocha, Fernanda Pereira Dos Santos Silva
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: As the recent outbreak of microcephaly cases caused by Zika virus has been declared a global health emergency, providing assessment guidelines for multidisciplinary teams providing early developmental screening and stimulation to infants with microcephaly is much needed. Thus, the aim of this manuscript is to provide an overview on what is known about neuroradiological aspects and clinical findings in infants with microcephaly caused by Zika virus and to propose a framework for early evaluation of child development...
July 26, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752809/psychosocial-development-in-5-year-old-children-with-hearing-loss-using-hearing-aids-or-cochlear-implants
#12
Cara L Wong, Teresa Y C Ching, Linda Cupples, Laura Button, Greg Leigh, Vivienne Marnane, Jessica Whitfield, Miriam Gunnourie, Louise Martin
This article reports on the psychosocial development and factors influencing outcomes of 5-year-old children with cochlear implants (CIs) or hearing aids (HAs). It further examines differences between children with CIs and HAs with similar levels of hearing loss. Data were collected as part of the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment study-a prospective, population-based study. Parents/caregivers of children completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire ( n = 333), the Social Skills subscale from the Child Development Inventory ( n = 317), and questionnaires on functional auditory behavior (Parents' Evaluation of Aural/oral performance of Children), and demographics...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712953/physical-activity-levels-in-children-with-sensory-problems-cross-sectional-analyses-from-the-millennium-cohort-study
#13
Genevieve Williams, Daniel Aggio, Brendon Stubbs, Shahina Pardhan, Benjamin Gardner, Lee Smith
BACKGROUND: Hearing and vision impairments/problems are associated with increased risk of premature mortality in adulthood. One potential pathway explaining this association is reduced levels of physical activity. Reductions in activity levels due to sensory impairments may commence earlier in life; however, associations between sensory impairments/problems and activity levels in childhood are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine associations between hearing and vision problems and objectively measured activity levels in a representative sample of British children...
July 11, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685639/barriers-to-timely-diagnosis-and-treatment-for-children-with-hearing-impairment-in-a-southern-indian-city-a-qualitative-study-of-parents-and-clinic-staff
#14
Sri Vamshi Merugumala, Vijay Pothula, Max Cooper
OBJECTIVE: In low income countries, deaf children are identified late due to the absence of a universal screening. Hearing impairment is a common yet neglected disability in India that leads to loss of speech and language. This qualitative study explored barriers to accessing appropriate hearing services in one city in southern India. DESIGN: To identify the barriers in timely management of deafness, 25 semi-structured interviews were conducted. Data were examined using Applied Thematic Analysis...
October 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680270/parents-assessments-of-disability-in-their-children-using-world-health-organization-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-child-and-youth-version-joined-body-functions-and-activity-codes-related-to-everyday-life
#15
Niels Ove Illum, Kim Oren Gradel
AIM: To help parents assess disability in their own children using World Health Organization (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Child and Youth Version (ICF-CY) code qualifier scoring and to assess the validity and reliability of the data sets obtained. METHOD: Parents of 162 children with spina bifida, spinal muscular atrophy, muscular disorders, cerebral palsy, visual impairment, hearing impairment, mental disability, or disability following brain tumours performed scoring for 26 body functions qualifiers (b codes) and activities and participation qualifiers (d codes)...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650353/the-effect-of-hearing-loss-on-novel-word-learning-in-infant-and-adult-directed-speech
#16
V Susie Robertson, Deborah von Hapsburg, Jessica S Hay
OBJECTIVES: Relatively little is known about how young children with hearing impairment (HI) learn novel words in infant- and adult-directed speech (ADS). Infant-directed speech (IDS) supports word learning in typically developing infants relative to ADS. This study examined how children with normal hearing (NH) and children with HI learn novel words in IDS and ADS. It was predicted that IDS would support novel word learning in both groups of children. In addition, children with HI were expected to be less proficient word learners as compared with their NH peers...
June 22, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630972/using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-in-assessment-and-intervention-of-school-aged-children-with-language-impairments
#17
Carol Westby, Karla N Washington
Purpose: The aim of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists' (SLPs') application of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in assessment and treatment practices with children with language impairment. Method: This tutorial reviews the framework of the ICF, describes the implications of the ICF for SLPs, distinguishes between students' capacity to perform a skill in a structured context and the actual performance of that skill in naturalistic contexts, and provides a case study of an elementary school child to demonstrate how the principles of the ICF can guide assessment and intervention...
July 26, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607900/impaired-vestibular-function-after-cochlear-implantation-in-children-role-of-static-posturography
#18
Satish Nair, Atul Gupta, Ajith Nilakantan, Ruchika Mittal, Ruchi Dahiya, Sachin Saini, Rachana Prasad, Deepika Vajpayee
To identify vestibular dysfunction in children after cochlear implant surgery and to study the utility of static posturography in evaluating vestibular function in children. A prospective study was carried out on 25 children between 2 and 7 years of age with sensorineural hearing loss with no overt vestibular dysfunction. All children underwent static posturography using Synapsis Posturographic System (SPS) software (Version 3.0, REV C) using a static platform with foam. The centre of pressure (COP) shift was recorded as statokinesiogram on the software and the mean vestibular, visual and somesthetic scores were obtained...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607211/consensus-statement-of-the-indian-academy-of-pediatrics-on-newborn-hearing-screening
#19
Abraham Paul, Chhaya Prasad, S S Kamath, Samir Dalwai, M K C Nair, Waheeda Pagarkar
JUSTIFICATION: Hearing impairment is one of the most critical sensory impairments with significant social and psychological consequences. Reported incidence of congenital hearing loss is 30 per 10,000 children. Evidence-based, standardized national guidelines are needed for professionals to screen for hearing impairment during the neonatal period. PROCESS: The meeting on formulation of national consensus guidelines on developmental disorders was organized by Indian Academy of Pediatrics in Mumbai, on 18th and 19th December, 2015...
June 4, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577444/auditory-processing-deficits-are-sometimes-necessary-and-sometimes-sufficient-for-language-difficulties-in-children-evidence-from-mild-to-moderate-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#20
Lorna F Halliday, Outi Tuomainen, Stuart Rosen
There is a general consensus that many children and adults with dyslexia and/or specific language impairment display deficits in auditory processing. However, how these deficits are related to developmental disorders of language is uncertain, and at least four categories of model have been proposed: single distal cause models, risk factor models, association models, and consequence models. This study used children with mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss (MMHL) to investigate the link between auditory processing deficits and language disorders...
September 2017: Cognition
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