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Hearing impairment OR impaired AND child

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451456/clival-meningocele-causing-bilateral-hearing-loss-in-a-child-due-to-superficial-siderosis-of-the-central-nervous-system-case-report
#1
Stephen J Johans, Kevin N Swong, Daniel J Burkett, Michael P Wemhoff, Sean M Lew, Chirag R Patel, Anand V Germanwala
Superficial siderosis (SS) of the CNS is a rare and often unrecognized condition. Caused by hemosiderin deposition from chronic, repetitive hemorrhage in the subarachnoid space, it results in parenchymal damage in the subpial layers of the brain and spinal cord. T2-weighted MRI shows the characteristic hypointensity of hemosiderin deposition, classically occurring around the cerebellum, brainstem, and spinal cord. Patients present with progressive gait ataxia and sensorineural hearing impairment. Although there have been several studies, case reports, and review articles over the years, the clear pathophysiology of subarachnoid space hemorrhage remains to be elucidated...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441834/speech-processing-to-improve-the-perception-of-speech-in-background-noise-for-children-with-auditory-processing-disorder-and-typically-developing-peers
#2
Sheila Flanagan, Tudor-Cătălin Zorilă, Yannis Stylianou, Brian C J Moore
Auditory processing disorder (APD) may be diagnosed when a child has listening difficulties but has normal audiometric thresholds. For adults with normal hearing and with mild-to-moderate hearing impairment, an algorithm called spectral shaping with dynamic range compression (SSDRC) has been shown to increase the intelligibility of speech when background noise is added after the processing. Here, we assessed the effect of such processing using 8 children with APD and 10 age-matched control children. The loudness of the processed and unprocessed sentences was matched using a loudness model...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398506/international-consensus-icon-on-management-of-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-children
#3
F Simon, M Haggard, R M Rosenfeld, H Jia, S Peer, M-N Calmels, V Couloigner, N Teissier
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a common childhood disease defined as the presence of liquid in the middle ear without signs or symptoms of acute ear infection. Children can be impacted mainly with hearing impairment and/or co-occurring recurrent acute otitis media (AOM) thus requiring treatment. Although many meta-analyses and national guidelines have been issued, management remains difficult to standardize, and use of surgical and medical treatments continue to vary. We convened an international consensus conference as part of the 2017 International Federation of Oto-rhino-laryngological Societies Congress, to identify best practices in OME management...
February 2, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314150/role-of-intelligence-quotient-iq-on-anxiety-and-behavior-in-children-with-hearing-and-speech-impairment
#4
Raghavendra M Shetty, Aditi Pashine, Nijo A Jose, Somasundar Mantha
AIM: To assess and compare the role of IQ on anxiety and behavior of children with and without hearing and speech impairment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 120 children of age group 7-14 years were included in the study, of which control group comprised of 60 normal healthy children and 60 hearing and speech impaired children formed the study group. The study was done in two consecutive sessions. First appointment for Culture Fair Intelligence Test and second appointment for RMS pictorial anxiety score (RMS-PS) and Frankl behavior rating which were assessed during oral prophylaxis...
January 4, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181530/neurodevelopmental-and-behavioral-outcomes-in-extremely-premature-neonates-with-ventriculomegaly-in-the-absence-of-periventricular-intraventricular-hemorrhage
#5
Athina Pappas, Ira Adams-Chapman, Seetha Shankaran, Scott A McDonald, Barbara J Stoll, Abbot R Laptook, Waldemar A Carlo, Krisa P Van Meurs, Susan R Hintz, Martha D Carlson, Jane E Brumbaugh, Michele C Walsh, Myra H Wyckoff, Abhik Das, Rosemary D Higgins
Importance: Studies of cranial ultrasonography and early childhood outcomes among cohorts of extremely preterm neonates have linked periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage and cystic periventricular leukomalacia with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. However, the association between nonhemorrhagic ventriculomegaly and neurodevelopmental and behavioral outcomes is not fully understood. Objective: To characterize the outcomes of extremely preterm neonates younger than 27 weeks' gestational age who experienced nonhemorrhagic ventriculomegaly that was detected prior to 36 weeks' postmenstrual age...
November 27, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179740/childhood-disability-in-malawi-a-population-based-assessment-using-the-key-informant-method
#6
Myroslava Tataryn, Sarah Polack, Linda Chokotho, Wakisa Mulwafu, Petros Kayange, Lena Morgon Banks, Christiane Noe, Chris Lavy, Hannah Kuper
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data on childhood disability are lacking in Low and Middle Income countries (LMICs) such as Malawi, hampering effective service planning and advocacy. The Key Informant Method (KIM) is an innovative, cost-effective method for generating population data on the prevalence and causes of impairment in children. The aim of this study was to use the Key Informant Method to estimate the prevalence of moderate/severe, hearing, vision and physical impairments, intellectual impairments and epilepsy in children in two districts in Malawi and to estimate the associated need for rehabilitation and other services...
November 28, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176394/hearing-loss-in-children-with-otitis-media-with-effusion-actual-and-simulated-effects-on-speech-perception
#7
Ting Cai, Bradley McPherson, Caiwei Li, Feng Yang
OBJECTIVE: Conductive hearing loss simulations have attempted to estimate the speech-understanding difficulties of children with otitis media with effusion (OME). However, the validity of this approach has not been evaluated. The research aim of the present study was to investigate whether a simple, frequency-specific, attenuation-based simulation of OME-related hearing loss was able to reflect the actual effects of conductive hearing loss on speech perception. DESIGN: Forty-one school-age children with OME-related hearing loss were recruited...
November 14, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145559/prenatal-alcohol-exposure-and-suspected-hearing-impairment-among-children-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Satomi Yoshida, Calistus Wilunda, Takeshi Kimura, Masato Takeuchi, Koji Kawakami
Aims: This study aimed to examine the association between prenatal alcohol exposure and hearing impairment among Japanese children using early childhood health check-up data. Methods: This retrospective cohort study used population-based health check-up data for children who were born between April 2000 and March 2013 in Hofu city, Japan. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between prenatal alcohol exposure and hearing impairment among children at the age of 36 months...
November 14, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106869/check-list-for-the-assessment-of-functional-impairment-in-children-with-congenital-aural-atresia
#9
Silvia Montino, Anna Agostinelli, Patrizia Trevisi, Alessandro Martini, Sara Ghiselli
OBJECTIVES: Congenital Aural Atresia (CAA) is a deformity of the external ear and it is commonly associated with malformations of middle and inner ear and, in some cases, with other facial deformities. Very few assessment measures exist for evaluating the functional impairment in children with CAA. Purpose of this study is to introduce and describe an assessment Checklist, (nominated FOS Checklist) that covers feeding abilities (F), oralmotor skills (O), communication/language development (S) in children with CAA...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038719/phenomenological-needs-assessment-of-parents-of-children-with-cochlear-implants
#10
Firoozeh Mostafavi, Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Hazavehei, Mohammad Majid Oryadi-Zanjani, Gholamreza Sharifi Rad, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Leila Ravanyar
BACKGROUND: The use of cochlear implants has been a remarkable success in reducing disabilities in those with impaired hearing, which have made a significant change in the patients' quality of life. Only by relying on cochlear implants, disabilities cannot be eliminated in the hearing impaired, and, alongside this intervention, rehabilitation practices such as through family and community support are necessary. AIM: To explain the needs of parents of children with cochlear implants to increase the quality of rehabilitation services and family-based interventions...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988151/does-a-lack-of-auditory-experience-affect-sequential-learning
#11
Janne von Koss Torkildsen, Joanne Arciuli, Christiane Lingås Haukedal, Ona Bø Wie
To understand the interaction between sensory experiences and cognition, it is critical to investigate the possibility that deprivation in one sensory modality might affect cognition in other modalities. Here we are concerned with the hypothesis that early experience with sound is vital to the development of domain-general sequential processing skills. In line with this hypothesis, a seminal empirical study found that prelingually deaf children had impaired sequence learning in the visual modality. In order to assess the limits of this hypothesis, the current study employed a different visual sequence learning task in an investigation of prelingually deaf children with cochlear implants and normal hearing children...
October 6, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953604/assessment-of-behavioral-problems-in-children-with-hearing-loss
#12
Caitlin E Fiorillo, Vania Rashidi, Philip M Westgate, Julie A Jacobs, Matthew L Bush, Christina R Studts
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of disruptive behavior problems between preschool-aged children with hearing loss and normal hearing. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary academic center. PATIENTS: Caregivers of children (2-5 yr old) with normal hearing (NH) (n = 39), hearing loss using hearing aid(s) (HA) (n = 29), or cochlear implant(s) (CI) (n = 21). INTERVENTION(S): Demographic information and a mental health history were obtained...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937080/branchio-oto-renal-syndrome-presenting-with-syndrome-of-hyporeninemic-hypoaldosteronism
#13
Jane Jackie David, Preeti Shanbag
Branchio-oto-renal (BOR) syndrome is an autosomal dominant, clinically heterogeneous disorder characterized by branchial arch anomalies, hearing impairment, and renal malformations. We report the case of a 10-year-old boy with BOR syndrome who presented with hyperkalemic hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis due to hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism. The child also had mental retardation and spastic diplegia which have hitherto not been described in BOR syndrome.
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931311/validating-the-unicef-washington-group-child-functioning-module-for-fijian-schools-to-identify-seeing-hearing-and-walking-difficulties
#14
Beth Sprunt, Monsurul Hoq, Umesh Sharma, Manjula Marella
PURPOSE: This study investigated the seeing, hearing and walking questions of the UNICEF/Washington Group Child Functioning Module and the inter-rater reliability between teachers and parents as proxy respondents. METHODS: Cross-sectional diagnostic accuracy study, two-gate design with representative sampling, comparing Module responses to reference standard assessments for 472 primary aged students in Fiji. Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed to determine the area under the curve and optimal cut-off points...
September 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929069/our-experience-of-treating-wide-spectrum-of-external-ear-canal-atresia-of-different-etiologies-in-pediatric-patients
#15
Kranti Bhavana
External auditory canal atresia (EACA) is a common otologic condition. Etiology can vary from congenital to acquired causes. It causes considerable difficulty to the patient. Bilateral ear canal atresia in children can lead to speech delays due to hearing impairment caused by this condition. Though easily diagnosed it is one of the most difficult conditions to treat. Acquired conditions can affect any age group. Restenosis following treatment is very common. This article focuses on the treatment of EACA due to different etiologies and emphasizes on special points of surgical treatment and follow up...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895463/impact-of-primary-language-and-insurance-on-pediatric-hearing-health-care-in-a-multidisciplinary-clinic
#16
Brooke M Su, Jason S Park, Dylan K Chan
Objective This study aims to describe the effects of primary language and insurance status on care utilization among deaf or hard-of-hearing children under active otolaryngologic and audiologic care. Study Design Cross-sectional analysis. Setting Multidisciplinary hearing loss clinic at a tertiary center. Subjects and Methods Demographics, hearing loss data, and validated survey responses were collected from 206 patients aged 0 to 19 years. Two-sided t tests and χ(2) tests were used to obtain descriptive statistics and hypothesis testing...
October 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895262/physical-and-mental-health-of-young-people-with-and-without-intellectual-disabilities-cross-sectional-analysis-of-a-whole-country-population
#17
G Young-Southward, E Rydzewska, C Philo, S-A Cooper
BACKGROUND: Transition to adulthood may be a period of vulnerability for health for individuals with intellectual disabilities. No large-scale studies have compared the health of individuals with and without intellectual disabilities undergoing transition. The aims of this study were (1) to compare health during transition for individuals with and without intellectual disabilities across a whole country population and (2) to establish whether transition is associated with health in the population with intellectual disabilities...
October 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862181/identification-of-a-novel-homozygous-mutation-in-transmembrane-channel-like-1-tmc1-gene-one-of-the-second-tier-hearing-loss-genes-after-gjb2-in-india
#18
Pawan Kumar Singh, Manju Ghosh, Shipra Sharma, Shivaram Shastri, Neerja Gupta, Madhumita Roy Chowdhury, Anuranjan Anand, Madhulika Kabra
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Hearing impairment is a common and heterogeneous sensory disorder in humans. Among about 90 genes, which are known to be associated with hearing impairment, mutations in the GJB2 (gap junction protein beta 2) gene are the most prevalent in individuals with hereditary hearing loss. Contribution of the other deafness-causing genes is relatively poorly understood. Here, we present our findings on two families with transmembrane channel like 1 (TMC1) gene variants of the 47 families with nonsyndromic hearing loss (NSHL) studied...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813070/neonatal-hearing-screening-in-primary-health-care-and-family-health-care
#19
José Carlos Sabbag, Adriana Bender Moreira de Lacerda
Purpose: The Universal Newborn Hearing Screening (UNHS) looks for early diagnosis and rehabilitation of newborns at risk or not of hearing impairment. The purpose is analyze the flow of Universal Newborn Hearing Screening in the family health care strategy unit through the tracking and monitoring of children. Methods: This is a quantitative and retrospective study. The trace begins with the third copy of the Live Newborn Declaration, filled in at the maternity ward...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790873/parent-child-interaction-therapy-current-perspectives
#20
REVIEW
Corey C Lieneman, Laurel A Brabson, April Highlander, Nancy M Wallace, Cheryl B McNeil
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an empirically supported intervention originally developed to treat disruptive behavior problems in children between the ages of 2 and 7 years. Since its creation over 40 years ago, PCIT has been studied internationally with various populations and has been found to be an effective intervention for numerous behavioral and emotional issues. This article summarizes progress in the PCIT literature over the past decade (2006-2017) and outlines future directions for this important work...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
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