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Hearing impairment OR impaired AND child

Sigrid Bosteels, Michel Vandenbroeck, Geert Van Hove
New-born screening programs for congenital disorders and chronic disease are expanding worldwide and children "at risk" are identified by nationwide tracking systems at the earliest possible stage. These practices are never neutral and raise important social and ethical questions. An emergent concern is that a reflexive professionalism should interrogate the ever earlier interference in children's lives. The Flemish community of Belgium was among the first to generalize the screening for hearing loss in young children and is an interesting case to study the public justification of early interventions for families with deaf children...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
Klaus Sarimski, Manfred Hintermair, Markus Lang
Social-Emotional Competence in Young Children with Hearing, Visual or Intellectual Impairments - an Explorative Study with the ITSEA Early emotional and social competence is considered as an important requirement for social participation in family and child care settings. We report on a study exploring the usefulness of the competence scales as a part of the "Infant-Toddler Social and Emotional Assessment" (ITSEA) for one- to three-year old children in a sample of 253 toddlers with hearing, visual or intellectual impairments...
October 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Enrico Danzer, Casey Hoffman, Jo Ann D'Agostino, Marsha Gerdes, Judy Bernbaum, Ryan M Antiel, Natalie E Rintoul, Lisa M Herkert, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick, Holly L Hedrick
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate neurodevelopmental sequelae in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) children at 5years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study cohort of 35 CDH patients was enrolled in our follow-up program between 06/2004 and 09/2014. The neurodevelopmental outcomes assessed at a median of 5years (range, 4-6) included cognition (Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence [WPPSI], n=35), Visual-Motor-Integration (n=35), academic achievement (Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement, n=25), and behavior problems (Child Behavior Check List [CBCL], n=26)...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Shingisai Chando, Christian Young, Jonathan C Craig, Hasantha Gunasekera, Allison Tong
UNLABELLED: This study aims to describe parental experiences and perspectives of caring for a child with otitis media. We conducted a systematic review of qualitative studies on parental perspectives on caring for a child with otitis media. We searched electronic databases to July 2015. Seventeen studies involving 284 participants from six countries were included. We identified seven themes: diminishing competency (guilt over failure to identify symptoms, helpless and despairing, fear of complications, disempowered and dismissed); disrupting life schedules (disturbing sleep, interfering with work, burden on family); social isolation (stigma and judgement, sick consciousness); threatening normal development (delaying growth milestones, impairing interpersonal skills, impeding education); taking ownership (recognising symptoms, diagnostic closure, working the system, protecting against physical trauma, contingency planning); valuing support (needing respite, depending on community, clinician validation); and cherishing health (relief with treatment success, inspiring resilience)...
October 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
Susan Hrapcak, Hannah Kuper, Peter Bartlett, Akash Devendra, Atupele Makawa, Maria Kim, Peter Kazembe, Saeed Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: With improved access to antiretroviral therapy (ART), HIV infection is becoming a chronic illness. Preliminary data suggest that HIV-infected children have a higher risk of disabilities, including hearing impairment, although data are sparse. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and types of hearing loss in HIV-infected children in Lilongwe, Malawi. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 380 HIV-infected children aged 4-14 years attending ART clinic in Lilongwe between December 2013-March 2014...
2016: PloS One
Emily Buss, Heather L Porter, Lori J Leibold, John H Grose, Joseph W Hall
OBJECTIVES: Detection thresholds in quiet become adult-like earlier in childhood for high than low frequencies. When adults listen for sounds near threshold, they tend to engage in behaviors that reduce physiologic noise (e.g., quiet breathing), which is predominantly low frequency. Children may not suppress self-generated noise to the same extent as adults, such that low-frequency self-generated noise elevates thresholds in the associated frequency regions. This possibility was evaluated by measuring noise levels in the ear canal simultaneous with adaptive threshold estimation...
July 19, 2016: Ear and Hearing
Joni Alberg, Matthew G Crowson, Debara L Tucci
BACKGROUND: Cochlear implantation (CI) is a highly effective intervention for children with advanced hearing loss who cannot benefit from amplification. Despite the established benefits of CI, it is likely that not all children who are potential candidates for CI receive this intervention. The purpose of this study was to determine the percentage of North Carolina children who are candidates for and end up undergoing CI, and to detect whether barriers exist that prevent access to care for unimplanted candidates...
July 2016: North Carolina Medical Journal
Piotr Henryk Skarzyński, Weronica Świerniak, Adam Piłka, Magdalena B Skarżynska, Andrzej W Włodarczyk, Dzhamol Kholmatov, Abdukholik Makhamadiev, Stavros Hatzopoulos
BACKGROUND According to the guidelines of the European Scientific Consensus on Hearing (European Federation of Audiology Societies 'EFAS' Congress, June 2011, Warsaw, Poland), the detection and treatment of communication disorders in early school-age children is of the highest importance. This objective was adopted by the Polish president of the EFAS Council from the second half of 2011; as a result, pilot programs on children's hearing screening were initiated in various European countries. This paper reports data from a pilot program in Dushanbe, Tajikistan...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Sebastian Kocoń, Maciej Wiatr, Paweł Stręk, Agnieszka Wiatr, Aleksandra Grudzień-Ziarno, Patryk Hartwich
INTRODUCTION: It is assumed that the critical period for diagnosis of hearing disorders is the baby's first three months of life and that appropriate course and implementation of treatment and/or rehabilitation should begin before a child is six months old. However various kinds of problems may occur during auditory screening of a child may exceed this interval. This problem is particularly pronounced among children with development and health problems and leads to unreliable and varied results...
June 30, 2016: Otolaryngologia Polska. the Polish Otolaryngology
Yvonne Wren, Laura L Miller, Tim J Peters, Alan Emond, Sue Roulstone
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine prevalence and predictors of persistent speech sound disorder (SSD) in children aged 8 years after disregarding children presenting solely with common clinical distortions (i.e., residual errors). METHOD: Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (Boyd et al., 2012) were used. Children were classified as having persistent SSD on the basis of percentage of consonants correct measures from connected speech samples...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
H Muslima, N Z Khan, A B Shilpi, D Begum, M Parveen, H McConachie, G L Darmstadt
OBJECTIVE: To validate a Rapid Neurodevelopmental Assessment (RNDA) tool for use by child health professionals to determine neurodevelopmental impairments (NDIs) in young adolescents aged 10-16 years in Bangladesh. STUDY DESIGN: In a convenience sample of community children (n = 47), inter-rater reliability was determined between four testers, and concurrent validity was determined by simultaneous administration of an intelligence quotient (IQ) test (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Revised) by a child psychologist...
September 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
M Yu Boboshko, S M Vikhnin, I V Savenko
Intrauterine infections are a crucial pathogenic factor exerting an appreciable influence on the development of the fetus. They can provoke intrauterine death, cause multiple lesions in the organs and tissues as well as long-term complications that manifest themselves at the later stages of the growth and development of the child. One of such complications is the sensorineural loss of hearing. The importance of hearing impairment arises from the high prevalence of tis condition and frequent incapacitation it causes in the patients...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Annemarie Vesseur, Eva Cillessen, Emmanuel Mylanus
Criteria for cochlear implants are expanding and now include children with disabilities in addition to hearing loss, such as those with Kabuki syndrome (KS). This case report describes language outcomes and changes in the quality of life of a female child with KS after cochlear implantation. The subject had a profound progressive sensorineural hearing loss, cognitive impairments, and other disabilities and communicated using vocalized sounds and the Dutch Sign Language. After cochlear implantation at an age of nine years and three months, the patient displayed no progress in speech production and minimal progress in receptive language development, but she had an increased awareness of the world and an increase in the quality of life...
April 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Ishika Vashistha, Yogesh Aseri, B K Singh, P C Verma
Hearing impairment is prevalent in the general population, early intervention facilitates proper development. The aim of this study was to establish the prevalence of hearing impairment in high-risk infants born between 2013 and 2014. 100 newborns were evaluated using evoked otoacoustic emissions and distortion produce and auditory behavior. Tests were reported if the results were altered. If altered results persisted, the child was referred for impedance testing and when necessary for medical evaluation. Infants referred for BOA and OAE undergone Brainstem auditory evoked potential testing...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Nashalie Andrade de Alencar, Alline Birra Nolasco Fernandes, Margareth Maria Gomes de Souza, Ronir Raggio Luiz, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves, Lucianne Cople Maia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the routine, sleep history, and orofacial disorders associated with children aged 3-7 years with nocturnal bruxism. METHODS: Children (n = 66) were divided into groups of parent reported nocturnal bruxism (n = 34) and those without the disorder (n = 32). Data about the child's routine during the day, during sleep and awakening, headache frequency, temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and hearing impairments were obtained through interviews with parents/caregivers...
June 22, 2016: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Sharon Cameron, Helen Glyde, Harvey Dillon, Jessica Whitfield, John Seymour
BACKGROUND: The dichotic digits test is one of the most widely used assessment tools for central auditory processing disorder. However, questions remain concerning the impact of cognitive factors on test results. PURPOSE: To develop the Dichotic Digits difference Test (DDdT), an assessment tool that could differentiate children with cognitive deficits from children with genuine dichotic deficits based on differential test results. The DDdT consists of four subtests: dichotic free recall (FR), dichotic directed left ear (DLE), dichotic directed right ear (DRE), and diotic...
June 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
V Looi, Z Z Lee, J H Y Loo
OBJECTIVES: The Children Using Hearing Devices Quality of Life Questionnaire (CuHDQOL) is a new parent-administered hearing-specific questionnaire for children fitted with hearing devices. The aim of this study was to assess outcomes for hearing-impaired children in Singapore using this measure, as well as to examine its applicability for use in a clinical setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CuHDQOL has 26 items, uses a recall period of 1 month, and is divided into three sections: parental perspectives and expectations (eight items), impact on the family (eight items) and hearing-related quality of life (QOL) of the child (10 items)...
June 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Niels Ove Illum, Mette Bonderup, Kim Oren Gradel
INTRODUCTION: The WHO has launched a common classification for disabilities in children, the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Child and Youth Version (ICF-CY). We wanted to determine whether cat-egories of the environmental (e) and the body functions (b) components of the classification could address environmental needs in children with different disorders and various disability severities. METHODS: A set of 16 e categories and 47 b categories were selected and worded to best enable parents to describe children's everyday support needs and environmental influences through interviews in their own homes...
June 2016: Danish Medical Journal
Jing Ma, Tie-Song Zhang, Ken Lin, Hao Sun, Hong-Chao Jiang, Yan-Li Yang, Fan Low, Ying-Qin Gao, Biao Ruan
OBJECTIVE: Waardenburg syndrome is a congenital genetic disorder. It is the most common type of syndromic hearing impairment with highly genetic heterogeneity and proved to be related by 6 genes as follows: PAX3, MITF, SNAI2, EDN3, EDNRB and SOX10. This article aims to identify the genetic causes of a Chinese WS child patient. METHODS: A Chinese WS child was collected for clinical data collection by questionnaire survey. DNA samples of proband and his parents were extracted from peripheral blood samples...
June 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Biftu Geda, Yemane Berhane, Nega Assefa, Alemayehu Worku
BACKGROUND: The type and extent of childhood disability in Ethiopia is unknown due to lack of accurate and reliable data. This study tried to assess the magnitude and types of disabilities among children 0-14 years of age in eastern Ethiopia. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional community-based study among households that are under demographic and health surveillance in eastern Ethiopia. The study population consisted of all children aged 0-14 year. A structured questionnaire was used to assess the type and severity of the disability...
2016: PloS One
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