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(Specific language impairment) AND child OR children

Andrea Camoirano
In the last decade several studies have investigated the role of parental reflective functioning (RF), defined as the parental ability to understand his/her child's mental states, on the child's development. Herein, a narrative review on parental RF is presented aimed at (1) presenting an overview of the existing empirical studies, (2) pinpointing unrequited questions, and (3) identifying future research directions. Specifically, the current review focused on (a) the impact of parental RF on the quality of caregiving and the child's attachment security, (b) the effect of parental RF on the child's emotion regulation and the child's RF, (c) maternal RF in women with a history of neglect and abuse, (d) the efficacy of mentalization-based clinical interventions, and (e) the recently developed Parental Reflective Questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Sharmila Banerjee Mukherjee
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro-developmental disorder commonly seen in children. It is characterized by age inappropriate, impaired social communication and the presence of stereotypic behavior. This disorder is hypothesized to result from cerebral dysfunction arising from a complex interaction between genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors. ASD should be suspected in children failing ASD specific screening tests, in the presence of red flags in social, language and/or play domains, in children with developmental or language delay, abnormal behavior, poor school performance or in those who are at high risk...
January 19, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
N Z Khan, H Muslima, A B Shilpi, S K Majumder, A E Khan
Cyclone Aila hit the South-West coast of Bangladesh in May 2009, when in Dacope Upazilla over 50,000 people were left homeless as climate refugees (CRs) for over two years. We determined neurodevelopmental status of children born as CRs compared to their non-Climate Refugee (NCR) counterparts. Pregnant mothers were enrolled from May 2009 to April 2010 in entire Dacope in a study which profiled their health conditions. From among these mothers, 12 months post-Aila 267 CR mother-child dyads, and 552 NCR mother-child dyads were enrolled to assess their children's neurodevelopmental outcomes...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Christina N Meyers-Denman, Elena Plante
Purpose: Dosage has been identified as an important element of treatment that may affect treatment efficacy. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of dose schedule for treatment of grammatical morphology deficits in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Method: Sixteen 4-to-5-year-old children with SLI participated in a 5-week intervention consisting of equivalent daily Enhanced Conversational Recast treatment (Plante et al., 2014) targeting grammatical morphology...
October 1, 2016: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
Juliana Catucci Boza, Natalia Giongo, Priscilla Machado, Roberta Horn, Amanda Fabbrin, Tania Cestari
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo can negatively affect a patient's quality of life (QoL). A specific questionnaire has been developed and validated in the English language: the vitiligo-specific quality-of-life instrument (VitiQoL). The instrument was translated, culturally adapted and validated into Brazilian Portuguese (VitiQoL-PB). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the QoL in adult patients through the VitiQoL and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and in pediatric patients through the Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI) in a sample of patients with vitiligo...
2016: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
Marika A Kuusisto, Pirkko E Nieminen, Mika T Helminen, Leenamaija Kleemola
BACKGROUND: Earlier research and clinical practice show that specific language impairment (SLI) is often associated with nonverbal cognitive deficits and weakened skills in executive functions (EFs). Executive deficits may have a remarkable influence on a child's everyday activities in the home and school environments. However, research information is still limited on EFs in school-aged children with SLI, mostly conducted among English- and Dutch-speaking children. AIMS: To study whether there are differences in EFs between Finnish-speaking children with SLI and typically developing (TD) peers at school age...
July 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Amy L Panczakiewicz, Leila Glass, Claire D Coles, Julie A Kable, Elizabeth R Sowell, Jeffrey R Wozniak, Kenneth Lyons Jones, Edward P Riley, Sarah N Mattson
BACKGROUND: Neurobehavioral consequences of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure are well documented; however, the role of age or sex in these effects has not been studied. The current study examined the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure, sex, and age on neurobehavioral functioning in children. METHODS: Subjects were 407 youth with prenatal alcohol exposure (n = 192) and controls (n = 215). Two age groups (child [5 to 7 years] or adolescent [10 to 16 years]) and both sexes were included...
September 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Sherine R Tambyraja, Mary Beth Schmitt, Kelly Farquharson, Laura M Justice
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies suggest a positive relationship between the home literacy environment (HLE) and children's language and literacy skills, yet very little research has focused on the HLE of children with language impairment (LI). Children with LI are at risk for reading difficulties; thus, understanding the nature and frequency of their home literacy interactions is warranted. AIMS: To identify unique HLE profiles within a large sample of children with LI, and to determine relevant caregiver- and child-specific factors that predict children's profile membership...
July 10, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Maria Kambanaros, Michalis Michaelides, Kleanthes K Grohmann
BACKGROUND: Clinicians globally recognize as exceptionally challenging the development of effective intervention practices for bi- or multilingual children with specific language impairment (SLI). Therapy in both or all of an impaired child's languages is rarely possible. An alternative is to develop treatment protocols that facilitate the transfer of therapy effects from a treated language to an untreated language. AIMS: To explore whether cognates, words that share meaning and phonological features across languages, could be used to boost lexical retrieval in the context of multilingual SLI...
July 5, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Maria Kulick Abramson, Peter J Lloyd
BACKGROUND: There is a critical need for tests of auditory discrimination for young children as this skill plays a fundamental role in the development of speaking, prereading, reading, language, and more complex auditory processes. Frequency discrimination is important with regard to basic sensory processing affecting phonological processing, dyslexia, measurements of intelligence, auditory memory, Asperger syndrome, and specific language impairment. PURPOSE: This study was performed to determine the clinical feasibility of the Pitch Discrimination Test (PDT) to screen the preschool child's ability to discriminate some of the acoustic demands of speech perception, primarily pitch discrimination, without linguistic content...
April 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Jens Erik Jorgensen, Kate A McGirr, Hanne Oertved Korsgaard, Michael S Rathleff
Background. The prevalence of headaches among children and adolescents varies considerably between countries. This may be due to a lack of appropriate instruments to capture the prevalence. The purpose of this study was to translate the Child and Adolescent HARDSHIP questionnaires from English into Danish language, conduct cross-cultural adaptation, face validation by cognitive interviewing and conduct a pilot study exploring time requirements. Methods. The questionnaire was translated using the guidelines proposed by "The Global Campaign to Reduce the Burden of Headache...
2016: PeerJ
Tuba Yarbay Duman, Seyhun Topbaş
BACKGROUND: Impairments in tense morphology are characteristic of English-speaking children with specific language impairment (SLI). Recent studies have investigated the role that aspect plays in the difficulties found in tense morphology. It has been suggested that children with SLI are less sensitive to aspect and its interaction with tense than typically developing (TD) children. Profound impairment in past tense morphology compared with the present in this population was explained by a breakdown in the association between event completion information and past tense...
April 13, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Emily J Helder, Elizabeth Mulder, Marjorie Linder Gunnoe
Most existing research on children adopted internationally has focused on those adopted as infants and toddlers. The current study longitudinally tracked several outcomes, including cognitive, behavioral, emotional, attachment, and family functioning, in 25 children who had been internationally adopted at school age (M = 7.7 years old at adoption, SD = 3.4, range = 4–15 years). We examined the incidence of clinically significant impairments, significant change in outcomes over the three study points, and variables that predicted outcomes over time...
2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
Maria Kambanaros, Kleanthes K Grohmann
The aims of this study are to compare quantitative and qualitative differences for noun/verb retrieval across language-impaired groups, examine naming errors with reference to psycholinguistic models of word processing, and shed light on the nature of the naming deficit as well as determine relevant group commonalities and differences. This includes an attempt to establish whether error types differentiate language-impaired children from adults, to determine effects of psycholinguistic variables on naming accuracies, and to link the results to genetic mechanisms and/or neural circuitry in the brain...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
F Babette Diepeveen, Elise Dusseldorp, Gerard W Bol, Anne Marie Oudesluys-Murphy, Paul H Verkerk
AIM: This study established predictive properties of single language milestones for specific language impairment (SLI) after the age of four, as these had not previously been reported in the literature. METHODS: In this nested case-control study, children attending special needs schools for severe speech and language difficulties were matched with children attending mainstream schools. Data covering the ages of zero to four years were retrieved from well-child care clinics and the outcomes of 23 language milestones in the Dutch Developmental Instrument were analysed...
March 2016: Acta Paediatrica
George M Hoffman, Cheryl L Brosig, Laurel M Bear, James S Tweddell, Kathleen A Mussatto
BACKGROUND: Children with congenital heart disease are at increased risk of abnormal neurodevelopment (ND). Demographic and perioperative physiologic factors have both been associated with developmental outcome. The acute physiologic effect of a surgical procedure, anesthesia, and hospitalization may offset any potential advantage gained from anatomic correction and circulatory palliation. The specific risk/benefit balance on ND outcome of the insult of the operation, offset by the benefit of improved anatomy and physiology, has not been addressed...
February 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Seul Bee Lee, Seung Ha Song, Ju Hyun Ham, Dong Ho Song, Keun-Ah Cheon
PURPOSE: High-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD) involves pragmatic impairment of language skills. Among numerous tasks for assessing pragmatic linguistic skills, idioms are important to evaluating high-functioning ASD. Nevertheless, no assessment tool has been developed with specific consideration of Korean culture. Therefore, we designed the Korean Autism Social Language Task (KASLAT) to test idiom comprehension in ASD. The aim of the current study was to introduce this novel psychological tool and evaluate idiom comprehension deficits in high-functioning ASD...
November 2015: Yonsei Medical Journal
Manuela Lavelli, Chiara Barachetti, Elena Florit
This study examined (a) the relationship between gesture and speech produced by children with specific language impairment (SLI) and typically developing (TD) children, and their mothers, during shared book-reading, and (b) the potential effectiveness of gestures accompanying maternal speech on the conversational responsiveness of children. Fifteen preschoolers with expressive SLI were compared with fifteen age-matched and fifteen language-matched TD children. Child and maternal utterances were coded for modality, gesture type, gesture-speech informational relationship, and communicative function...
November 2015: Journal of Child Language
L S Chutko, S Yu Surushkina, E A Yakovenko, A V Sergeev, A V Rozhkova, L V Anosova, N P Chistyakova
UNLABELLED: To study different forms of specific language impairment in children and to evaluate the efficacy of cerebrolysin in clinical and electroencephalographic aspects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Authors examined 60 children, aged 5-7 years, with a specific language impairment (SLI). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The study showed the significantly higher severity of speech disorders, a higher degree of asthenia and dyspraxia/dysgnosia in a group of children with a disorder of receptive language (SLI-R) compared to children with a disorder of expressive speech (SLI-E)...
2015: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Stéphanie Iannuzzi, Jean-Michel Albaret, Céline Chignac, Nathalie Faure-Marie, Isabelle Barry, Caroline Karsenty, Yves Chaix
BACKGROUND: There is a body of evidence demonstrating comorbidity of motor and cognitive deficit in «idiopathic» developmental disorders. These associations are also found in developmental disorders secondary to monogenic disorders as in Neurofibromatosis type 1 for which the principal complication during childhood is learning disabilities. The comparison of motor impairment between developmental disorders either idiopathic or secondary as in NF1 could help us to better understand the cause of the combined language/motor deficit in these populations...
February 2016: Brain & Development
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