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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182947/low-level-neural-auditory-discrimination-dysfunctions-in-specific-language-impairment-a-review-on-mismatch-negativity-findings
#1
REVIEW
Teija Kujala, Miika Leminen
In specific language impairment (SLI), there is a delay in the child's oral language skills when compared with nonverbal cognitive abilities. The problems typically relate to phonological and morphological processing and word learning. This article reviews studies which have used mismatch negativity (MMN) in investigating low-level neural auditory dysfunctions in this disorder. With MMN, it is possible to tap the accuracy of neural sound discrimination and sensory memory functions. These studies have found smaller response amplitudes and longer latencies for speech and non-speech sound changes in children with SLI than in typically developing children, suggesting impaired and slow auditory discrimination in SLI...
October 24, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163261/a-sentence-repetition-task-for-catalan-speaking-typically-developing-children-and-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#2
Anna Gavarró
It is common to find that so-called minority languages enjoy fewer (if any) diagnostic tools than the so-called majority languages. This has repercussions for the detection and proper assessment of children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) brought up in these languages. With a view to remedy this situation for Catalan, I developed a sentence repetition task to assess grammatical maturity in school-age children; in current practice, Catalan-speaking children are assessed with tests translated from Spanish, with disregard of the fact that the markers of SLI may differ substantially from one language to another, even between closely related languages...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984350/thinking-or-feeling-an-exploratory-study-of-maternal-scaffolding-child-mental-state-talk-and-emotion-understanding-in-language-impaired-and-typically-developing-school-aged-children
#3
Nicola Yuill, Sarah Little
BACKGROUND: Mother-child mental state talk (MST) supports children's developing social-emotional understanding. In typically developing (TD) children, family conversations about emotion, cognition, and causes have been linked to children's emotion understanding. Specific language impairment (SLI) may compromise developing emotion understanding and adjustment. AIMS: We investigated emotion understanding in children with SLI and TD, in relation to mother-child conversation...
October 6, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820919/a-preliminary-comparison-of-reading-subtypes-in-a-clinical-sample-of-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#4
Krystal L Werfel, Hannah Krimm
Purpose: The purpose of this preliminary study was to (a) compare the pattern of reading subtypes among a clinical sample of children with specific language impairment (SLI) and children with typical language and (b) evaluate phonological and nonphonological language deficits within each reading impairment subtype. Method: Participants were 32 children with SLI and 39 children with typical language in Grades 2 through 4. Each child was classified as demonstrating 1 of 4 reading subtypes on the basis of word-level and text-level skills: typical reading, dyslexia, specific reading comprehension impairment, or garden variety reading impairment...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727489/third-person-singular-s-in-typical-development-and-specific-language-impairment-input-and-neighbourhood-density
#5
Justin B Kueser, Laurence B Leonard, Patricia Deevy
The purpose of this study was to examine factors promoting the use of third person singular -s by 23 children with specific language impairment (SLI) and 21 children with typical development (TD). Relative proportions of third person singular -s forms in the input (input proportion) were calculated for 25 verbs based on data from an American English corpus of child-directed speech. Neighbourhood density values were also collected for these verbs. With previously collected probes of third person singular -s use for each of these verbs, we found with logistic regression that input proportion was positively associated with the likelihood of third person singular -s use for both groups...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672377/case-history-risk-factors-for-specific-language-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Johanna M Rudolph
Purpose: Research suggests that the best approach to early identification of children with specific language impairment (SLI) should include assessment of risk factors. However, previous attempts to develop a list for this purpose have been unsuccessful. In this study, systematic review and meta-analytic procedures were used to determine whether any case history factors can be used to identify toddlers at risk of developing SLI. Method: Epidemiological studies that examined the association between risk factors and SLI were identified...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464253/statistical-word-learning-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-specific-language-impairment
#7
Eileen Haebig, Jenny R Saffran, Susan Ellis Weismer
BACKGROUND: Word learning is an important component of language development that influences child outcomes across multiple domains. Despite the importance of word knowledge, word-learning mechanisms are poorly understood in children with specific language impairment (SLI) and children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examined underlying mechanisms of word learning, specifically, statistical learning and fast-mapping, in school-aged children with typical and atypical development...
November 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419188/interactive-book-reading-to-accelerate-word-learning-by-kindergarten-children-with-specific-language-impairment-identifying-adequate-progress-and-successful-learning-patterns
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Holly L Storkel, Rouzana Komesidou, Kandace K Fleming, Rebecca Swinburne Romine
Purpose: The goal of this study was to provide guidance to clinicians on early benchmarks of successful word learning in an interactive book reading treatment and to examine how encoding and memory evolution during treatment contribute to word learning outcomes by kindergarten children with specific language impairment (SLI). Method: Twenty-seven kindergarten children with SLI participated in a preliminary clinical trial using interactive book reading to teach 30 new words...
April 20, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321888/specific-language-impairment-is-associated-with-maternal-and-family-factors
#9
F B Diepeveen, P van Dommelen, A M Oudesluys-Murphy, P H Verkerk
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with specific language impairment (SLI). METHODS: In a nested case-control design, 253 children attending special needs schools for severe speech and language difficulties in the Netherlands were matched for sex and date of birth with 253 children attending mainstream education. Data on perinatal, maternal and family issues were retrieved from well-child care files registered shortly after birth. RESULTS: Children with SLI had younger mothers than children in the control group (mean 30 years 9 months vs...
May 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701629/dose-schedule-and-enhanced-conversational-recast-treatment-for-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Christina N Meyers-Denman, Elena Plante
Purpose: Dosage has been identified as an important element of treatment that may affect treatment efficacy. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of dose schedule for treatment of grammatical morphology deficits in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Method: Sixteen 4-to-5-year-old children with SLI participated in a 5-week intervention consisting of equivalent daily Enhanced Conversational Recast treatment (Plante et al., 2014) targeting grammatical morphology...
October 1, 2016: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432160/executive-and-intellectual-functioning-in-school-aged-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#11
Marika A Kuusisto, Pirkko E Nieminen, Mika T Helminen, Leenamaija Kleemola
BACKGROUND: Earlier research and clinical practice show that specific language impairment (SLI) is often associated with nonverbal cognitive deficits and weakened skills in executive functions (EFs). Executive deficits may have a remarkable influence on a child's everyday activities in the home and school environments. However, research information is still limited on EFs in school-aged children with SLI, mostly conducted among English- and Dutch-speaking children. AIMS: To study whether there are differences in EFs between Finnish-speaking children with SLI and typically developing (TD) peers at school age...
July 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377882/cross-linguistic-transfer-effects-after-phonologically-based-cognate-therapy-in-a-case-of-multilingual-specific-language-impairment-sli
#12
Maria Kambanaros, Michalis Michaelides, Kleanthes K Grohmann
BACKGROUND: Clinicians globally recognize as exceptionally challenging the development of effective intervention practices for bi- or multilingual children with specific language impairment (SLI). Therapy in both or all of an impaired child's languages is rarely possible. An alternative is to develop treatment protocols that facilitate the transfer of therapy effects from a treated language to an untreated language. AIMS: To explore whether cognates, words that share meaning and phonological features across languages, could be used to boost lexical retrieval in the context of multilingual SLI...
July 5, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27074978/epistemic-uncertainty-turkish-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-their-comprehension-of-tense-and-aspect
#13
Tuba Yarbay Duman, Seyhun Topbaş
BACKGROUND: Impairments in tense morphology are characteristic of English-speaking children with specific language impairment (SLI). Recent studies have investigated the role that aspect plays in the difficulties found in tense morphology. It has been suggested that children with SLI are less sensitive to aspect and its interaction with tense than typically developing (TD) children. Profound impairment in past tense morphology compared with the present in this population was explained by a breakdown in the association between event completion information and past tense...
April 13, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26585179/failure-to-meet-language-milestones-at-two-years-of-age-is-predictive-of-specific-language-impairment
#14
F Babette Diepeveen, Elise Dusseldorp, Gerard W Bol, Anne Marie Oudesluys-Murphy, Paul H Verkerk
AIM: This study established predictive properties of single language milestones for specific language impairment (SLI) after the age of four, as these had not previously been reported in the literature. METHODS: In this nested case-control study, children attending special needs schools for severe speech and language difficulties were matched with children attending mainstream schools. Data covering the ages of zero to four years were retrieved from well-child care clinics and the outcomes of 23 language milestones in the Dutch Developmental Instrument were analysed...
March 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26435079/gesture-and-speech-during-shared-book-reading-with-preschoolers-with-specific-language-impairment
#15
Manuela Lavelli, Chiara Barachetti, Elena Florit
This study examined (a) the relationship between gesture and speech produced by children with specific language impairment (SLI) and typically developing (TD) children, and their mothers, during shared book-reading, and (b) the potential effectiveness of gestures accompanying maternal speech on the conversational responsiveness of children. Fifteen preschoolers with expressive SLI were compared with fifteen age-matched and fifteen language-matched TD children. Child and maternal utterances were coded for modality, gesture type, gesture-speech informational relationship, and communicative function...
November 2015: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26356521/-clinical-and-electroencephalographic-characteristics-of-specific-language-impairment-in-children-and-an-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-cerebrolysin
#16
L S Chutko, S Yu Surushkina, E A Yakovenko, A V Sergeev, A V Rozhkova, L V Anosova, N P Chistyakova
UNLABELLED: To study different forms of specific language impairment in children and to evaluate the efficacy of cerebrolysin in clinical and electroencephalographic aspects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Authors examined 60 children, aged 5-7 years, with a specific language impairment (SLI). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The study showed the significantly higher severity of speech disorders, a higher degree of asthenia and dyspraxia/dysgnosia in a group of children with a disorder of receptive language (SLI-R) compared to children with a disorder of expressive speech (SLI-E)...
2015: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26287388/social-participation-of-children-age-8-12-with-sli
#17
Audette Sylvestre, Jacinthe Brisson, Céline Lepage, Line Nadeau, Isabelle Deaudelin
PURPOSE: Two objectives are being pursued: (1) to describe the level of social participation of children aged 8-12 presenting a specific language impairment (SLI) and (2) to identify personal and family factors associated with their level of social participation. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 29 children with SLI and one of their parents. Parental stress and family adversity were measured as risk factors. The measure of life habits (LIFE-H) adapted to children aged 5-3 was used to measure social participation...
2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26268357/health-related-quality-of-life-from-the-perspective-of-children-with-severe-specific-language-impairment
#18
Kristy Nicola, Pauline Watter
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and reliability of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory(™) 4.0 Generic Core Scales (PedsQL(™)) for use by children with severe specific language impairment (SLI) and their parent, and to explore the health-related quality of life of children with severe SLI. We hypothesized that the PedsQL(™) would be a suitable measure, and identify lower health-related quality of life compared to the healthy population sample, particularly in school and social functioning...
2015: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26110982/the-effectiveness-of-two-grammar-treatment-procedures-for-children-with-sli-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Karen M Smith-Lock, Suze Leitão, Polly Prior, Lyndsey Nickels
PURPOSE: This study compared the effectiveness of two grammar treatment procedures for children with specific language impairment. METHOD: A double-blind superiority trial with cluster randomization was used to compare a cueing procedure, designed to elicit a correct production following an initial error, to a recasting procedure, which required no further production. Thirty-one 5-year-old children with specific language impairment participated in 8 small group, classroom-based treatment sessions...
October 2015: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26107079/comparative-study-of-the-imitation-ability-in-specific-language-impairment-and-autism-spectrum-impairment
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Aline Cristina Rocha Fiori de Souza, Laís Carvalho Mazzega, Aline Citino Armonia, Fernanda Chequer de Alcântara Pinto, Mônica Bevilacqua, Renata Cristina Dias Nascimbeni, Ana Carina Tamanaha, Jacy Perissinoto
PURPOSE: To compare abilities of imitating generic and sequential motion gesture schemes in family routines among children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and to analyze the relation between imitation index and verbal production in the ASD group. METHODS: The sample was constituted by 2:1 pairing of 36 children, according to gender and age. All of them were diagnosed by a multidisciplinary team as belonging to the ASD group (n=24) or SLI group (n=12) and were under direct and indirect intervention in a school clinic...
March 2015: CoDAS
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