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(Tatli MM)

Aydan Kiliçarslan, Mehmet Doğan, Nuran Süngü, Emre Karakök, Leman Karabekmez, Mesut Akyol, Hayriye Tatli Doğan
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare cutting-needle biopsy (CNB) diagnoses with excisional biopsy diagnoses of enlarging lymph nodes and to determine the diagnostic value of CNB. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Out of the 291 cases that underwent CNB from lymph nodes between 2010 and 2016, 60 were included in the study in which pathological lymph nodes were excised after CNB. Demographic information, pathology and imaging reports, the diameters of the lymph nodes and the length of the CNBs of these cases were obtained from the hospital registry system...
February 4, 2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
Archana Kulkarni, Swarali Kurle, Ashwini Shete, Manisha Ghate, Sheela Godbole, Vijaya Madhavi, Stephen J Kent, Ramesh Paranjape, Madhuri Thakar
HIV-specific antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity (ADCC) is likely to be important in governing protection from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and slowing disease progression. Little is known about the ADCC responses to HIV-1 subtype C. We characterized ADCC responses in HIV-1 subtype C-infected Indian subjects with slow disease progression and identified the dominant antigenic regions recognized by these antibodies. ADCC responses were measured in plasma from 34 long-term non-progressors (LTNPs), who were asymptomatic and maintained CD4 count above 500 cells/mm(3) for the last 7 years in the absence of antiretroviral therapy (ART), and 58 ART naïve progressors with CD4 count <500 cells/mm(3) against overlapping HIV-1 peptides using a flow cytometry-based antibody-dependent natural killer (NK) cell activation assay...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Uğur Tiftikçi, Sancar Serbest, Veysel Burulday
BACKGROUND: In total knee arthroplasty, it is better to use more than one reference point for correct alignment of the components. By measuring the distances of Achilles tendon (AT) and other conventional landmarks from the mechanical axis in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the ankle, we aimed to demonstrate that, as a novel landmark which can help for correct alignment in the coronal plane, AT is a better option than other landmarks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was done on 53 ankle MRIs that met the criteria for inclusion to the study among 158 ankle MRIs...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Chin Tat Lim, Derek F Amanatullah, James I Huddleston, Katherine L Hwang, William J Maloney, Stuart B Goodman
BACKGROUND: There is risk of junction failure when using modular femoral stems for revision total hip arthroplasty (THA), especially with loss of bone stock in the proximal femur. Using a cortical strut allograft may provide additional support of a modular femoral construct in revision THA. METHODS: We reviewed prospectively gathered clinical and radiographic data for 28 revision THAs performed from 2004 to 2014 using cementless modular femoral components with cortical strut allograft applied to supplement proximal femoral bone loss: 5 (18%) were fluted taper designs and 23 (82%) were porous cylindrical designs All the patients had a Paprosky grade IIIA or greater femoral defect...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Haibao Peng, Jing Tang, Rui Zheng, Guannan Guo, Angang Dong, Yajun Wang, Wuli Yang
The pursuit of multifunctional, innovative, more efficient, and safer cancer treatment has gained increasing interest in the research of preclinical nanoparticle-mediated photothermal therapy (PTT). Cell nucleus is recognized as the ideal target for cancer treatment because it plays a central role in genetic information and the transcription machinery reside. In this work, an efficient nuclear-targeted PTT strategy is proposed using transferrin and TAT peptide (TAT: YGRKKRRQRRR) conjugated monodisperse magnetic nanoparticles, which can be readily functionalized and stabilized for potential diagnostic and therapeutic applications...
January 27, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Melih Imamoglu, Ali Aygun, Omer Bekar, Erkan Erdem, Mustafa Cicek, Ozgur Tatli, Yunus Karaca, Aynur Sahin, Suha Turkmen, Suleyman Turedi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of nebulized fentanyl used for analgesia in renal colic. MATERIALS/METHODS: This research was planned as a randomized, blinded study in which prospectively collected data were analyzed retrospectively to compare nebulized and intravenous (iv) fentanyl therapies. Patients with renal colic with 'moderate' or worse pain on a four-point verbal pain score (VPS) or with pain of 20mm or above on a 100-mm visual analogue score (VAS) at time of presentation were randomized into iv fentanyl (n=62) or nebulized fentanyl (n=53) study groups...
January 15, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Marc Haspeslagh, Isabelle Hoorens, Nele Degryse, Ine De Wispelaere, Annemarie Degroote, Sarah Van Belle, Jan Verboven, Katrien Vossaert, Fabio Facchetti, Jo Van Dorpe, Sofie De Schepper, Lieve Brochez
Importance: Ex vivo dermoscopy (EVD) with derm dotting (DD) improves clinicopathologic correlation and the quality of diagnosis in skin tumors. Objective: To compare the diagnostic performance of the standard method of skin biopsy processing with the practice of EVD with DD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective study compares the diagnostic performance in 6526 skin biopsy specimens examined from 2008 to 2010 with a standard method of processing with 8584 biopsy specimens examined in 2015 with EVD and DD...
December 28, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Sureshan Sivananthan, Chin-Tat Lim, Rapeepat Narkbunnam, Alex Sox-Harris, James I Huddleston, Stuart B Goodman
BACKGROUND: Modular femoral stem provides flexibility in femoral reconstruction, ensuring improved "fit and fill". However, there are risks of junction failure and corrosion, as well as cost concerns in the use of modular femoral stems. METHODS: We reviewed prospectively-gathered clinical and radiographic data on revision total hip arthroplasties (THAs) performed from 2001-2007 using modular, cementless femoral component performed by the 2 senior authors. Patients with a minimum follow-up of 7 years were included in this study...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
P B Shyn, S Tremblay-Paquet, K Palmer, S Tatli, K Tuncali, O I Olubiyi, N Hata, S G Silverman
AIM: To assess single-breath-hold combined positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for accuracy of tumour image registration and projected ablation volume overlap in patients undergoing percutaneous PET/CT-guided tumour-ablation procedures under general anaesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients underwent 12 PET/CT-guided tumour-ablation procedures to treat 20 tumours in the lung, liver, or adrenal gland. Using breath-hold PET/CT, the centre of the tumour was marked on each PET and CT acquisition by four readers to assess two- (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) spatial misregistration...
March 2017: Clinical Radiology
Richard Cheng, Emily Tat, Robert J Siegel, Reza Arsanjani, Asma Hussaini, Moody Makar, Yukiko Mizutani, Alfredo Trento, Saibal Kar
AIMS: Mitral annular calcification (MAC) negatively influences outcomes in surgical mitral valve (MV) repair for mitral regurgitation (MR). However, there are no data on whether MAC impacts on outcomes of MitraClip percutaneous MV edge-to-edge repair. This study sought to investigate whether the presence of MAC impacts on the procedural success and durability of percutaneous transcatheter repair of MR using the MitraClip. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and seventy-three patients undergoing MitraClip repair for significant MR were studied...
October 20, 2016: EuroIntervention
Yao Li, Feng Cao, Tat Thang Vo Doan, Hirotaka Sato
The mechanisms and principles of insect flight have long been investigated by researchers working on micro and nano air vehicles (MAVs/NAVs). However, studies of insect flight maneuvers require high speed filming and high spatial resolution in a small experimental space, or the tethering of the insect to a fixed place. Under such artificial conditions, the insects may deviate its flying behavior from that of regular flight. In this study, we mounted a tiny wireless system, or 'backpack', on live beetles (Mecynorrhina torquata; length 62 ± 8 mm; mass 7...
2016: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
Chin Tat Lim, David Q K Ng, Ken Jin Tan, Amit K Ramruttun, Wilson Wang, Desmond Y R Chong
BACKGROUND: Autologous bone graft remains the gold standard source of bone graft. Iliac crest has traditionally been the most popular source for autologous bone graft. However, iliac crest bone graft harvesting is associated with high donor site morbidity. Bone graft harvesting from the proximal tibia has shown great potential with reported low complication rates. However, there is a paucity of biomechanical studies concerning the safety as well as yield of proximal bone graft harvesting...
November 2016: Injury
Parvaneh Saffarian, Shahin Najar Peerayeh, Jafar Amani, Firooz Ebrahimi, Hamid Sedighianrad, Raheleh Halabian, Abbas Ali Imani Fooladi
Botulinum toxin type A can temporarily inhibit muscle contraction. Currently, physicians administer this toxin as a bio-drug in treatment of some muscle contraction disorders. TAT-BoNT/A(1-448) is a functional recombinant protein derived from botulinum toxin light chain. Unlike the full length botulinum toxin, TAT-BoNT/A(1-448) is a self-permeable molecule which can pass through bio-surfaces so can be used as a topical therapeutic agent without injection. To maintain the functionality of TAT-BoNT/A(1-448), it is necessary to restore its normal folding upon expression and purification...
November 2016: Bioengineered
Nuran Sungu, Sibel Yavuz, Seda Marali, Serdar Balci, Aydan Kilicarslan, Canan Altunkaya, Hayriye Tatli Dogan, Gülnur Güler
BACKGROUND: We intended to study whether there is a meaningful difference in microscopic examination between dividing a biopsy section into two equal parts before tissue processing (first method) or after (second method). METHODS: A total of 400 cases were included in the study. Punch biopsies (PB) were cut into two pieces using the first method in 200 cases and just before paraffin embedding in another 200 cases using the second method. We microscopically evaluated the epidermal mesh view, the presence of a cross-cut hair follicle and bow shape because of epidermal angling, the presence of two pieces on the slide and if there was a difference of >2 mm between the parts, and the number of new sections and new slides...
November 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Christian Matano, Stephan Kolkenbrock, Stefanie N Hamer, Elvira Sgobba, Bruno M Moerschbacher, Volker F Wendisch
BACKGROUND: In Gram-positive Corynebacterium glutamicum and other members of the suborder Corynebacterianeae, which includes mycobacteria, cell elongation and peptidoglycan biosynthesis is mainly due to polar growth. C. glutamicum lacks an uptake system for the peptidoglycan constituent N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc), but is able to catabolize GlcNAc-6-phosphate. Due to its importance in white biotechnology and in order to ensure more sustainable processes based on non-food renewables and to reduce feedstock costs, C...
2016: BMC Microbiology
Pan Fu, Maozhong Sun, Liguang Xu, Xiaoling Wu, Liqiang Liu, Hua Kuang, Shanshan Song, Chuanlai Xu
Circular dichroism (CD) has allowed the construction of various chiral nanomaterials for different applications, including biosensing. However, the determination of a simple target-specific, economical, and biocompatible platform using CD with intracellular detection and in situ molecular probing is still required. Here, we show that a DNA zip-fastener structure self-assembled chiral-aptasensor based on gold nanoparticle heterodimers provided an outstanding capability to quantify adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) by addition...
August 11, 2016: Nanoscale
Linda L D Zhong, Wai Kun, Tsz Fung Lam, Shi Ping Zhang, Jun Jun Yang, Tat Chi Ziea, Bacon Ng, Zhao Xiang Bian
BACKGROUND: Obesity is an increasingly prevalent chronic condition that is associated with serious morbidity and mortality. Excess body weight is a risk factor contributing to diseases such as hypertension, heart disease, hypercholesterolaemia, diabetes mellitus, cerebrovascular disease, gall bladder disease, and some types of cancer. Almost all the Western anti-obesity drugs have adverse effects or body weight is regained upon cessation of therapy. Recent studies have found that acupuncture had a similar efficacy as the Western anti-obesity drugs with fewer reported adverse effects...
July 25, 2016: Trials
Yoshitaka Yasuda, Guo-Gang Feng, Jiazheng Li, Emi Nakamura, Hisaki Hayashi, Motohiko Sato, Yoshihiro Fujiwara, Hiroyuki Kinoshita
Whether high oxygen is harmful to the vascular function is unclear. The present study examined if high oxygen modifies vasodilator effect of cysteine via enhanced oxidative stress and thromboxane production. Rat mesenteric arteries with endothelium at 95 or 50 % oxygen were subjected to isometric force recordings, measurement of thromboxane B2 levels, determination of superoxide and peroxynitrite levels and evaluation of NADPH oxidase subunit protein expression, respectively. L-cysteine (0.01-3 mM) constricted or dilated arteries at 95 and 50 % oxygen, respectively...
September 2016: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
Joyce Veld, Elizabeth K O'Donnell, Michaela R Reagan, Andrew J Yee, Martin Torriani, Clifford J Rosen, Miriam A Bredella
OBJECTIVE: To determine abdominal adipose tissue parameters on PET/CT in patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) and multiple myeloma (MM) that may serve as predictors of progression of MGUS to MM. We hypothesized that patients with MM had higher abdominal adiposity and higher fat metabolic activity compared to patients with MGUS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our retrospective study was IRB approved and HIPAA compliant. The study group comprised 40 patients (mean age 64 ± 13 years) with MGUS and 32 patients (mean age 62 ± 10 years) with recently diagnosed MM (mean time since diagnosis of MM 3...
September 2016: Skeletal Radiology
Chung-Lieh Hung, Chun-Ho Yun, Yau-Huei Lai, Kuo-Tzu Sung, Hiram G Bezerra, Jen-Yuan Kuo, Charles Jia-Yin Hou, Tze-Fan Chao, Bernard E Bulwer, Hung-I Yeh, Shou-Chuan Shih, Shing-Jong Lin, Ricardo C Cury
Excessive visceral adiposity, hypothesized to be a key mediator in metabolic derangements, has recently been shown to exert toxic effects on cardiac structure and function. Data regarding the mechanistic link between regional adiposity, left atrial (LA) electromechanical remodeling, and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) have been lacking.Various visceral adiposity measures, including pericardial fat (PCF), thoracic periaortic (TAT) fat, regional inter-atrial fat (IAF), and atrioventricular groove fat (AV Groove Fat), were assessed by multidetector computed tomography in 2 study cohorts (an annual health survey cohort and an outpatient cohort)...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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