keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Artery stiffness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820274/arterial-stiffness-in-preschool-children
#1
Leonardo Roever, João L O'Connell, Antonio Cp Chagas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817218/bmi-nephroangiosclerosis-and-glomerulonephritis-is-there-any-meeting-point
#2
Antonietta Gigante, Konstantinos Giannakakis, Francesca Di Mario, Biagio Barbano, Edoardo Rosato, Riccardo Pofi, Marcello Di Paolo, Anna Rachele Rocca, Rosario Cianci
BACKGROUND: Overweight has been related to renal arteriolosclerosis and is able to modify intrarenal hemodynamics. Increasing evidences suggest an association between weight excess and primary glomerulonephritis (GN). The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between nutritional status and intrarenal arterial stiffness in primary GN associated to arteriolosclerosis. We have considered the glomerular diameter (GD) as morphological parameter in overweight and obese patients...
August 17, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816989/disease-duration-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-is-a-predictor-of-vascular-stiffness-a-cross-sectional-study-in-patients-without-known-cardiovascular-comorbidities-a-strobe-compliant-article
#3
Mónica Vázquez-Del Mercado, Eduardo Gomez-Bañuelos, Efrain Chavarria-Avila, Ernesto Cardona-Muñoz, Carlos Ramos-Becerra, Adrián Alanis-Sanchez, David Cardona-Muller, Fernando Grover-Paez, Felipe de J Perez-Vazquez, Rosa-Elena Navarro-Hernandez, Jorge M Valadez-Soto, Adan A Saldaña-Millan, Lorena Gonzalez-Rosas, Gabriel Ramos-Lopez, Marcelo H Petri, Magnus Bäck
The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of disease duration on carotid to femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients without either known traditional cardiovascular risk factors or previous comorbidities.Patients with RA diagnosis attending the rheumatology outpatient clinic of Hospital Civil Juan I. Menchaca, Guadalajara, Mexico, were analyzed. A total of 106 RA patients without known traditional cardiovascular risk factors were selected. All subjects were evaluated for RA disease duration, RA disease activity score on 28 joints (DAS28), serum lipids, rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816230/plasma-pcsk9-levels-are-unrelated-to-arterial-stiffness-in-a-community-based-4-8-year-prospective-study
#4
J Han, X Wang, P Ye, R Cao, X Yang, W Xiao, Y Zhang, Y Bai, H Wu
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is an important circulating serine protease in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) metabolism. Increased plasma PCSK9 levels lead to increased plasma levels of LDL-C and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). LDL-C is positively correlated with arterial stiffness, a surrogate endpoint of CVD. However, whether plasma levels of PCSK9 could influence arterial stiffness is still unclear. Our study examined the relationship between plasma levels of PCSK9 and arterial stiffness (carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV)) in a community-based population...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815984/relationships-between-central-arterial-stiffness-lean-body-mass-and-absolute-and-relative-strength-in-young-and-older-men-and-women
#5
Christopher A Fahs, Robert S Thiebaud, Lindy M Rossow, Jeremy P Loenneke, Debra A Bemben, Michael G Bemben
Relationships between muscular strength and arterial stiffness as well as between muscle mass and arterial stiffness have been observed suggesting a link between the neuromuscular system and vascular health. However, the relationship between central arterial stiffness and absolute and relative strength along with muscle mass has not been investigated in both sexes across a broad age range. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between central arterial stiffness and absolute and relative strength as well as between central arterial stiffness and lean body mass (LBM) in men and women across a broad age range...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814786/new-approach-to-arterial-stiffness-bp-independent-local-carotid-stiffness
#6
Kazuki Shiina, Hirofumi Tomiyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814492/influence-of-arterial-stiffness-on-cardiovascular-outcome-in-patients-without-high-blood-pressure
#7
Keishi Ichikawa, Satoru Sakuragi, Takahiro Nishihara, Masahiro Tsuji, Atsushi Mori, Fumi Yokohama, Tadashi Wada, Daiji Hasegawa, Kenji Kawamoto, Machiko Tanakaya, Yusuke Katayama, Hiroshi Ito
OBJECTIVE: Although blood pressure (BP) is a major determinant of arterial stiffness, whether high pulse wave velocity (PWV) adversely influences cardiac parameters and cardiovascular (CV) outcome in patients without high BP remains unclear. METHODS: Outpatients without high BP (n=320), defined as systolic BP ≥140 mm Hg, were enrolled in this retrospective study. At baseline, all patients underwent echocardiography and multidetector CT to determine the coronary artery calcification (CAC) score...
August 16, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808067/childhood-socioeconomic-status-and-arterial-stiffness-in-adulthood-the-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-finns-study
#8
Elina Puolakka, Katja Pahkala, Tomi T Laitinen, Costan G Magnussen, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Mika Kähönen, Terho Lehtimäki, Päivi Tossavainen, Eero Jokinen, Matthew A Sabin, Tomi Laitinen, Marko Elovainio, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Jorma S A Viikari, Olli T Raitakari, Markus Juonala
Increasing evidence supports the importance of socioeconomic factors in the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. However, the association of childhood socioeconomic status (SES) with arterial stiffness in adulthood has not been reported. Our aim was to determine whether higher childhood family-level SES is associated with lower arterial stiffness in adulthood. The analyses were performed using data gathered within the longitudinal Young Finns Study. The sample comprised 2566 participants who had data concerning family SES at ages 3 to 18 years in 1980 and arterial pulse wave velocity and carotid artery distensibility measured 21 or 27 years later in adulthood...
August 14, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806778/serum-resistin-as-an-independent-marker-of-aortic-stiffness-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#9
Ji-Hung Wang, Chung-Jen Lee, Chiu-Fen Yang, Yu-Chih Chen, Bang-Gee Hsu
BACKGROUND: Subjects with higher carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) will be at an increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) events in future. Resistin is an inflammatory mediator and a biomarker of CV diseases. We evaluated the association between serum resistin and aortic stiffness in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: A total of 104 patients with CAD were enrolled in this study. cfPWV was measured using the SphygmoCor system. Patients with cfPWV >10 m/s were defined as the high aortic stiffness group...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802834/vegetable-derived-bioactive-nitrate-and-cardiovascular-health
#10
REVIEW
Catherine P Bondonno, Lauren C Blekkenhorst, Alex H Liu, Nicola P Bondonno, Natalie C Ward, Kevin D Croft, Jonathan M Hodgson
Vegetable derived nitrate is now recognised as an important bioactive phytochemical with cardioprotective properties. Nitrate, through the recently described enterosalivary nitrate-nitrite-nitric oxide (NO) pathway, increases NO, a molecule pivotal for cardiovascular health. Clinical trials have observed that dietary nitrate has similar effects to NO when supplied exogenously. These effects include reduced blood pressure and improvements in other markers of vascular health such as endothelial function, arterial stiffness, ischemia reperfusion injury, blood flow, and platelet aggregation...
August 9, 2017: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798782/evaluation-of-local-carotid-stiffness-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-stable-angina-pectoris
#11
Abdullah Nabi Aslan, Ayşe Nur Özcan, Hüseyin Ayhan, Serkan Sivri, Filiz Çelebi, Karabekir Ercan, Tahir Durmaz
INTRODUCTION: Arterial stiffness (AS) is a well-accepted and reliable predictor of atherosclerotic diseases. Inflammation plays an important role in the development of AS. AIM: To evaluate local carotid stiffness (CS) together with fibrinogen and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels in stable angina pectoris (SAP) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study consisted of 353 consecutive patients with SAP. All underwent coronary angiography (CAG) after the evaluation of local CS parameters and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) from both common carotid arteries by a real-time echo-tracking system...
2017: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798074/the-influence-of-prenatal-exercise-and-pre-eclampsia-on-maternal-vascular-function
#12
REVIEW
Rachel J Skow, Emily C King, Craig D Steinback, Margie H Davenport
During healthy pregnancy, the cardiovascular system undergoes diverse adaptations to support adequate transfer of oxygen and nutrients from mother to fetus. In order to accommodate the large expansion of blood volume and associated cardiac output, the structure, mechanics, and function of the arteries are altered. Specifically, in healthy pregnancy there is a remodeling of arteries (increased angiogenesis and vasodilation), a generalized reduction in arterial stiffness (increased compliance), and an enhanced endothelial function...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796934/predictors-of-candesartan-s-effect-on-vascular-reactivity-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#13
So-Ryoung Lee, In-Ho Chae, Hack-Lyoung Kim, Do-Yoon Kang, Sang-Hyun Kim, Hyo-Soo Kim
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Endothelial dysfunction and arterial stiffness have a prognostic value on adverse long-term outcomes in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. We evaluated the efficacy on vascular reactivity of candesartan and analyzed predictors to control the candesartan's effect on vascular reactivity in CAD patients. METHOD: Patients were prospectively enrolled and prescribed candesartan for 6 months. The effect on vascular reactivity was evaluated by the change in flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and pulse wave velocity (PWV)...
August 10, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794812/endovascular-management-of-superior-mesenteric-artery-sma-aneurysm-adequate-access-is-essential-for-success-case-report
#14
Lovro Tkalčić, Berislav Budiselić, Miljenko Kovačević, Siniša Knežević, Slavica Kovačić, Damir Miletić, Vjekoslav Tomulić, Dimitrij Kuhelj
BACKGROUND: An aneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) with a diameter of 2.2 cm was found incidentally on an ultrasound (US) examination in a 26-year-old woman. The only known risk factor was an intracranial aneurysm that was found on her grandmother's autopsy. Based on pregnancy planning and the current literature, endovascular management with a covered stent was proposed. CASE REPORT: Self-expandable, covered stent (Bard, Fluency(®)) was implanted using a single transfemoral approach...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794106/flow-mediated-dilation-and-peripheral-arterial-tonometry-are-disturbed-in-pre-eclampsia-and-reflect-different-aspects-of-endothelial-function
#15
Dominique Mannaerts, Ellen Faes, Inge Goovaerts, Tibor Stoop, Jerome Cornette, Wilfried Jozef Gyselaers, Marc E A Spaanderman, Emeline M Van Craenenbroeck, Yves Jacquemyn
BACKGROUND: Endothelial function and arterial stiffness are known to be altered in pre-eclamptic pregnancies. Previous studies have shown conflicting results regarding the best technique for assessing vascular function in pregnancy. In this study, we made a comprehensive evaluation of in vivo vascular function (including flow-mediated dilatation (FMD), peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT), and arterial stiffness) in pre-eclamptic patients and compared them to normal pregnancies. In addition, we assessed the relation between vascular function and systemic inflammation...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793219/stiff-substrates-increase-inflammation-induced-endothelial-monolayer-tension-and-permeability
#16
Rebecca Lownes Urbano, Christina Furia, Sarah Basehore, Alisa Morss Clyne
Arterial stiffness and inflammation are associated with atherosclerosis, and each have individually been shown to increase endothelial monolayer tension and permeability. The objective of this study was to determine if substrate stiffness enhanced endothelial monolayer tension and permeability in response to inflammatory cytokines. Porcine aortic endothelial cells were cultured at confluence on polyacrylamide gels of varying stiffness and treated with either tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) or thrombin. Monolayer tension was measured through vinculin localization at the cell membrane, traction force microscopy, and phosphorylated myosin light chain quantity and actin fiber colocalization...
August 8, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792891/feasibility-and-validation-of-4-d-pulse-wave-imaging-in-phantoms-and-in-vivo
#17
Iason Z Apostolakis, Pierre Nauleau, Clement Papadacci, Matthew D McGarry, Elisa E Konofagou
Pulse wave Imaging (PWI) is a noninvasive technique for tracking the propagation of the pulse wave along the arterial wall. 3-D ultrasound imaging would aid in objectively estimating the PulseWave Velocity (PWV) vector. This study aims to introduce a novel PWV estimation method along the propagation direction, validate it in phantoms and test its feasibility in vivo. A silicone vessel phantom consisting of a stiff and a soft segment along the longitudinal axis and and a silicone vessel with a plaque were constructed...
August 3, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791849/echocardiographic-assessment-and-n-terminal-pro-brain-natriuretic-peptide-in-hypertensives-with-metabolic-syndrome
#18
Paweł Krzesiński, Beata Uziebło-Życzkowska, Grzegorz Gielerak, Adam Stańczyk, Katarzyna Piotrowicz, Wiesław Piechota, Paweł Smurzyński, Andrzej Skrobowski
BACKGROUND: N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) release is associated with left ventricular expansion and pressure overload. Elevation of serum levels of natriuretic peptides is observed in patients with impaired as well as preserved left ventricular systolic function. High NT-proBNP has been shown to be related not only to preload but also to increased afterload, especially blood pressure and arterial stiffness. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the association of NT-proBNP and echocardiographic parameters in hypertensives with metabolic syndrome...
March 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782135/ultrasound-evaluation-of-left-ventricular-and-aortic-fibrosis-after-pre-eclampsia
#19
Rossana Orabona, Edoardo Sciatti, Enrico Vizzardi, Ivano Bonadei, Federico Prefumo, Adriana Valcamonico, Marco Metra, Tiziana Frusca
OBJECTIVES: Myocardial fibrosis is linked with adverse clinical outcomes in adults. The objective was to investigate the presence of myocardial and/or aortic fibrosis in asymptomatic women with a history of early-onset (EO) or late-onset (LO) pre-eclampsia (PE) by echocardiographic calibrated integrated backscatter (cIBS). METHODS: 30 women who experienced pregnancies complicated by EOPE, 30 with a previous LOPE and 30 controls were retrospectively selected from our electronic database and then recalled from 6 months to 4 years after delivery...
August 7, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780647/cardiovascular-responses-to-skeletal-muscle-stretching-stretching-the-truth-or-a-new-exercise-paradigm-for-cardiovascular-medicine
#20
REVIEW
Nicholas T Kruse, Barry W Scheuermann
Stretching is commonly prescribed with the intended purpose of increasing range of motion, enhancing muscular coordination, and preventing prolonged immobilization induced by aging or a sedentary lifestyle. Emerging evidence suggests that acute or long-term stretching exercise may modulate a variety of cardiovascular responses. Specifically, at the onset of stretch, the mechanical deformation of the vascular bed coupled with stimulation of group III muscle afferent fibers initiates a cascade of events resulting in both peripheral vasodilation and a heart rate-driven increase in cardiac output, blood pressure, and muscle blood flow...
August 5, 2017: Sports Medicine
keyword
keyword
82743
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"