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Artery stiffness

Ana Rosa Cunha, Jenifer D'El-Rei, Fernanda Medeiros, Bianca Umbelino, Wille Oigman, Rhian M Touyz, Mario F Neves
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies demonstrate an inverse association between serum magnesium and incidence of cardiovascular disease. Diuretics commonly cause hypomagneseamia. METHOD: We evaluated effects of magnesium supplementation on blood pressure (BP) and vascular function in thiazide-treated hypertensive women in a randomized, double-blind, clinical trial. Hypertensive women (40-65 years) on hydrochlorothiazide and mean 24-h BP at least 130/80 mmHg were divided into placebo and supplementation (magnesium chelate 600 mg/day) groups...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Ayça Ata Korkmaz, Ali R Akyüz
BACKGROUND: Patients with hypertension are predisposed to atherosclerosis of large vessels and are at increased risk of target organ damage and related clinical sequelae. Cardioankle vascular index (CAVI) is a novel parameter of arterial stiffness and a surrogate marker of subclinical atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relation between aortic knob calcification (AKC) and CAVI in asymptomatic hypertensive patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty patients with AKC and age-matched sex-matched 60 control individuals without AKC were enrolled...
October 18, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
Leroy L Cooper, Gary F Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Aortic stiffness is associated with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events and cognitive decline. This mini-review focuses on relations of aortic stiffness with microvascular dysfunction and discusses the contribution of abnormal pulsatile hemodynamics to cerebrovascular damage and cognitive decline. We also provide a rationale for considering aortic stiffness as a putative and important contributor to memory impairment in older individuals. SUMMARY: Aging is associated with stiffening of the aorta but not the muscular arteries, which reduces wave reflection and increases the transmission of pulsatility into the periphery...
September 2016: Pulse (Basel, Switzerland)
Farag E Salama, Qasem A Anass, Abdelnaem A Abdelrahman, Elsayed B Saeed
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and arterial stiffness are useful markers of subclinical atherosclerosis and significantly correlate with various metabolic risk factors. Chemerin is one of the adipokines that may represent a link between obesity and inflammation and may be a potential candidate playing a role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular complications. Therefore, we studied the relationship of chemerin levels with atherosclerosis as measured by CIMT in diabetic CKD patients, either predialysis or on hemodialysis (HD)...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Satoshi Masutani, Seiko Kuwata, Clara Kurishima, Yoichi Iwamoto, Hirofumi Saiki, Masaya Sugimoto, Hirotaka Ishido, Hideaki Senzaki
OBJECTIVE: The details of the ventricular-vascular dynamics of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in children remain poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that pediatric HFpEF patients have ventricular systolic, diastolic, and arterial stiffening at rest as well as impaired reserve function associated with coronary supply/demand imbalance. METHODS: We studied the ventricular pressure-area relationship in 22 pediatric HFpEF patients and 22 control subjects before and after dobutamine infusion and during abdominal compression...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Tomoaki Shiba, Mao Takahashi, Tadashi Matsumoto, Kohji Shirai, Yuichi Hori
PROPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there were significant correlations between the pulse waveform in the capillary area of the optic nerve head (ONH) microcirculation shown by laser speckle flowgraphy (LSFG) and parameters of the systemic condition, especially the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI). METHOD: We studied 130 men (ages 60.5 ± 10.9 years) who visited the Vascular Function Section of the Department of Cardiovascular Center of Toho University Sakura Medical Center...
October 14, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Eun Young Han, Sang Hee Im, Bo Ryun Kim, Min Ji Seo, Myeong Ok Kim
OBJECTIVE: Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) evaluates arterial stiffness and also predicts early outcome in stroke patients. The objectives of this study were to investigate arterial stiffness of subacute nonfunctional ambulatory stroke patients and to compare the effects of robot-assisted gait therapy (RAGT) combined with rehabilitation therapy (RT) on arterial stiffness and functional recovery with those of RT alone. METHOD: The RAGT group (N = 30) received 30 minutes of robot-assisted gait therapy and 30 minutes of conventional RT, and the control group (N = 26) received 60 minutes of RT, 5 times a week for 4 weeks...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
M Iida, M Yamamoto, Y Ishiguro, M Yamazaki, N Ueda, H Honjo, K Kamiya
Left atrial (LA) phasic volumes consist of reservoir, conduit and booster pump volumes. Arterial stiffness is linked to lower systemic arterial compliance (SAC) contributing to cardiac afterload. Arterial stiffness may be a modulator of LA phasic volumes. Echocardiography was performed in 161 hypertensive patients and in 50 normotensive subjects in order to assess biplane LA volumes (maximum, before atrial contraction, minimum), early and late diastolic mitral annular velocity (e' and a'), and LV stroke volume...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Human Hypertension
Emma von Wowern, Jakob Andersson, Ida Dalene Skarping, Maria T Howie, Per Olofsson
INTRODUCTION: Uterine artery (UtA) Doppler velocimetry changes and increased arterial stiffness are associated with preeclampsia. We aimed to investigate the relation between UtA velocimetry changes and arterial stiffness in pregnant women. METHODS: Doppler velocimetry and photoplethysmographic digital pulse wave analysis (DPA) were performed in 173 pregnant women in the second or third trimester, where UtA Doppler pulsatility index (PI), diastolic notching, and UtA score (UAS) combining notching and high PI were calculated...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Andrew F Mutter, Alexandra B Cooke, Olivier Saleh, Yessica-Haydee Gomez, Stella S Daskalopoulou
The objective of this systematic review was to provide insight into the controversy that still abounds as to the impact of acute aerobic exercise on immediate changes in arterial stiffness. Electronic databases were searched to identify articles assessing the effects of acute aerobic exercise on parameters of arterial stiffness. Eligible studies included arterial stiffness measurements before and after acute aerobic exercise in healthy human subjects. Forty-three studies were included. The effect of acute aerobic exercise on arterial stiffness was found to be dependent on the anatomical segment assessed, and on the timing of the measurement post-exercise...
October 13, 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Christian Wissgott, Wolfram Schmidt, Christoph Brandt-Wunderlich, Peter Behrens, Reimer Andresen
PURPOSE: To report early clinical outcomes with a novel double-layer stent for the internal carotid artery (ICA) and the in vitro investigation of the stent's mechanical properties. METHODS: A prospective single-center study enrolled 30 consecutive patients (mean age 73.1±6.3 years; 21 men) with symptomatic (n=25) or high-grade (n=5) ICA stenosis treated with the new double-layer carotid CGUARD Embolic Prevention System (EPS) stent, which has an inner open-cell nitinol design with an outer closed-cell polyethylene terephthalate layer...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Rajasekharan C, Vysakha K V
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Bharat Bhushan Sharma, Parminder S Manghera, Abhishek Prakash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
János Nemcsik, Orsolya Cseprekál, András Tislér
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries worldwide, despite highly effective preventive treatments available. As a difference continues to exist between the estimated and true number of events, further improvement of risk stratification is an essential part of cardiovascular research.Among hypertensive patients measurement of arterial stiffness parameters, like carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) or brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) can contribute to the identification of high-risk subpopulation of patients...
October 9, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Konstantina Dipla, Areti Triantafyllou, Iris Grigoriadou, Evangelia Kintiraki, Georgios A Triantafyllou, Pavlos Poulios, Ioannis S Vrabas, Andreas Zafeiridis, Stella Douma, Dimitrios G Goulis
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a risk factor for the development of endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease. However, in vivo microvascular endothelial function in GDM has not been investigated. This study aimed to examine, using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), whether: (1) there are differences in microvascular reactivity and skeletal muscle oxygen consumption (m[Formula: see text]) at rest and during exercise between GDM and uncomplicated pregnancies; and (2) there is an association of NIRS indices with macrovascular function and cardiovascular disease risk factors...
October 8, 2016: Diabetologia
Ji Hyun Yoon, In-Jeong Cho, Hyuk-Jae Chang, Ji Min Sung, Jinyong Lee, Hojin Ryoo, Chi Young Shim, Geu-Ru Hong, Namsik Chung
BACKGROUND: Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) and the presence of carotid plaque have been used for risk stratification of cardiovascular disease (CVD). To date, however, the association between multi-directional functional properties of carotid artery and CVD has not been fully elucidated. We sought to explore the multi-directional mechanics of the carotid artery in relation to cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Four hundred one patients who underwent carotid ultrasound were enrolled between January 2010 and April 2013...
September 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound
Alireza Khoshdel, Shane Carney, Saxon White, Alastair Gillies
INTRODUCTION: Kidney disease increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. The corollary of that observation should be that cardiovascular disease would not only increase the risk of kidney dysfunction, but also cause kidney damage, a concept not previously proposed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hemodynamic response to a graded exercise stress test was measured in 70 candidates to evaluate the association of heart rate and blood pressure change, heart rate reserve, chronotropic incompetence (percentage of achievement of maximal predicted heart rate), and circulatory power with development of kidney failure (glomerular filtration rate < 30 mL/min/1...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
Dustin M Lee, Micah L Battson, Dillon K Jarrell, Kimberly Cox-York, Michelle T Foster, Tiffany L Weir, Christopher L Gentile
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a Western diet (WD) and supplementation with Fuzhuan tea on large artery stiffness, as determined by aortic pulse wave velocity (aPWV). METHODS: Mice were subjected to a standard diet (SD; n = 12) or WD (n = 10) for 7 mo, and were then separated to receive nonsupplemented drinking water (SD-W and WD-W) or water supplemented with Fuzhuan tea (SD-T and WD-T) (200 mg/kg daily); mice were then maintained on their respective diets for an additional 2 mo...
July 26, 2016: Nutrition
Costantino Mancusi, Eva Gerdts, Giovanni de Simone, Helga Midtbø, Mai Tone Lønnebakken, Kurt Boman, Kristian Wachtell, Björn Dahlöf, Richard B Devereux
We tested the prognostic impact of a marker of arterial stiffness, pulse pressure/stroke volume index (PP/SVi) in patients with hypertension and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy. We used data from 866 patients randomized to losartan or atenolol-based antihypertensive treatment, over a median of 4.8 years, in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study. The association of PP/SVi with outcomes was tested in Cox regression analyses and reported as hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
October 6, 2016: Blood Pressure
Giancarlo Nicosia, Domenico Cicala, Giuseppe Mirone, Pietro Spennato, Vincenzo Trischitta, Claudio Ruggiero, Gianluigi Guarneri, Mario Muto, Giuseppe Cinalli
INTRODUCTION: Acute basilar artery occlusion (ABAO) is an infrequent but potentially fatal cause of strokes in both adults and children, and it is usually due to vertebral artery dissection (VAD). VAD has been found to be usually a consequence of traumatic vertebral artery injury. ABAO usually presents with symptoms of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) of the posterior circulation or transient ischemic attack (TIA). It may lead to death or long-term disability if not promptly recanalized. Basilar artery recanalization in children can be achieved safely and with excellent clinical outcome using endovascular thrombectomy with the new generation self-expanding and retrievable stents...
October 4, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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