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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673597/sennoside-a-protects-mitochondrial-structure-and-function-to-improve-high-fat-diet-induced-hepatic-steatosis-by-targeting-vdac1
#1
Jiamei Le, Weiping Jia, Yongning Sun
Mitochondrial dysfunction is mainly associated with high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced hepatic steatosis. Sennoside A (SA), a commonly used clinical stimulant laxative, is reported to improve energy metabolism and insulin resistance. However, the effect and mechanism of SA on HFD-induced hepatic steatosis remain largely unknown. The aim of this study was to determine the effect and mechanism of SA on HFD-induced hepatic steatosis in mice. We examined the liver and body weight of mice to evaluate the physical changes in the liver...
April 16, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560113/hypoxic-induced-truncation-of-voltage-dependent-anion-channel-1-is-mediated-by-both-asparagine-endopeptidase-and-calpain-1-activities
#2
Hadas Pahima, Simona Reina, Noa Tadmor, Daniella Dadon-Klein, Anna Shteinfer-Kuzmine, Nathalie M Mazure, Vito De Pinto, Varda Shoshan-Barmatz
The voltage-dependent anion channel 1 (VDAC1), an outer mitochondria membrane (OMM) protein, serves as a mitochondrial gatekeeper, mediating the transport of nucleotides, Ca2+ and other metabolites across the OMM. VDAC1 also plays a central role in mitochondria-mediated apoptosis by facilitating the release of apoptotic proteins and by association with both pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins. Tumor cells, which are constantly exposed to hypoxic conditions, affect the cell via the transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) that induces transcriptional activity...
February 27, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538088/parkin-mediates-mitophagy-to-participate-in-cardioprotection-induced-by-late-exercise-preconditioning-but-bnip3-does-not
#3
Yang Yuan, Shan-Shan Pan
BACKGROUND: Late exercise preconditioning (LEP) is confirmed to have a protective effect on acute cardiovascular stress. However, the mechanisms by which mitophagy participates in EP-induced cardioprotection remain unclear. LEP may involve mitophagy mediated by the receptors PARK2 gene-encoded E3 ubiquitin ligase (Parkin) and BCL2/adenovirus E1B 19 kDa protein-interacting protein 3 (Bnip3) to scavenge damaged mitochondria. METHODS: Our exercise preconditioning (EP) protocol involved four 10-minute periods of running, separated by 10-minute recovery intervals, plus a period of exhaustive running at 24 hours after EP...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534581/electrochemotherapy-with-bleomycin-and-cisplatin-enhances-cytotoxicity-in-primary-and-metastatic-uveal-melanoma-cell-lines-in-vitro
#4
M Fiorentzis, H Kalirai, P Katopodis, B Seitz, A Viestenz, S E Coupland
Electrochemotherapy (ECT) enhances responsiveness to cytotoxic drugs in numerous cell lines in vitro. Clinically ECT is widely applied for skin tumor ablation and has shown efficacy in treating non-resectable colorectal liver metastases. There is limited experience of ECT for ocular tumor therapy. We investigated the cytotoxic effect of bleomycin and cisplatin in combination with electroporation on chemoresistant human uveal melanoma (UM) cell lines in vitro. Four UM cell lines (Mel 270, 92-1, OMM-1, OMM-2...
2018: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429904/longitudinal-clinicopathologic-data-of-the-progression-of-oral-mucosal-melanoma-report-of-2-cases-and-literature-review
#5
Paras B Patel, John M Wright, David R Kang, Yi-Shing Lisa Cheng
Oral mucosal melanoma (OMM) is notorious for having a poor prognosis. Recognition of the early features of OMM by both clinicians and pathologists can play an important role in improving survival. Therefore, the purpose of this report is to increase awareness of the early features of OMM, by presenting 2 cases with longitudinal clinical and histopathologic documentation showing progression of OMM from a deceptively bland premalignant (noninvasive) oral melanocytic lesion (POML). By analyzing the clinical and histopathologic features of POML in our cases, and those in the literature, we found that the concerning features are (1) clinically, a pigmented lesion violating the ABCDE criteria or showing multiple recurrences; and (2) histologically, a melanocytic proliferation, in either a lentiginous or pagetoid pattern with or without cellular atypia...
December 28, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395920/tom70-sustains-cell-bioenergetics-by-promoting-ip3r3-mediated-er-to-mitochondria-ca2-transfer
#6
Riccardo Filadi, Nuno Santos Leal, Bernadette Schreiner, Alice Rossi, Giacomo Dentoni, Catarina Moreira Pinho, Birgitta Wiehager, Domenico Cieri, Tito Calì, Paola Pizzo, Maria Ankarcrona
The mitochondrial translocase of the outer membrane (TOM) is a protein complex that is essential for the post-translational import of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial proteins. Among its subunits, TOM70 and TOM20 are only transiently associated with the core complex, suggesting their possible additional roles within the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM). Here, by using different mammalian cell lines, we demonstrate that TOM70, but not TOM20, clusters in distinct OMM foci, frequently overlapping with sites in which the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) contacts mitochondria...
February 5, 2018: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348439/dual-suppression-of-inner-and-outer-mitochondrial-membrane-functions-augments-apoptotic-responses-to-oncogenic-mapk-inhibition
#7
Madhavika N Serasinghe, Jesse D Gelles, Kent Li, Lauren Zhao, Franco Abbate, Marie Syku, Jarvier N Mohammed, Brateil Badal, Cuahutlehuanitzin A Rangel, Kyle L Hoehn, Julide Tok Celebi, Jerry Edward Chipuk
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway inhibitors show promise in treating melanoma, but are unsuccessful in achieving long-term remission. Concordant with clinical data, BRAFV600E melanoma cells eliminate glycolysis upon inhibition of BRAFV600E or MEK with the targeted therapies Vemurafenib or Trametinib, respectively. Consequently, exposure to these therapies reprograms cellular metabolism to increase mitochondrial respiration and restrain cell death commitment. As the inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) is sub-organellar site of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), and the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) is the major site of anti-apoptotic BCL-2 protein function, we hypothesized that suppressing these critical mitochondrial membrane functions would be a rational approach to maximize the pro-apoptotic effect of MAPK inhibition...
January 18, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322606/association-of-tumour-infiltrating-regulatory-t-cells-with-adverse-outcomes-in-dogs-with-malignant-tumours
#8
K Sakai, S Maeda, Y Yamada, J K Chambers, K Uchida, H Nakayama, T Yonezawa, N Matsuki
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) infiltrate into a variety of tumour tissues and associate with poor prognosis in humans. However, data on association of Treg infiltration with prognosis is limited in canine tumours. The purpose of this study was to examine the number of tumour-infiltrating Tregs and its association with overall survival (OS) in dogs with malignant tumours. The following 168 canine tumours were included: 37 oral malignant melanomas (OMMs); 14 oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs); 16 pulmonary adenocarcinomas (PAs); 37 mammary carcinomas (MCs); 36 mast cell tumours (MCTs) and 28 hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs)...
January 11, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317744/a-role-for-divalent-metal-transporter-dmt1-in-mitochondrial-uptake-of-iron-and-manganese
#9
Natascha A Wolff, Michael D Garrick, Lin Zhao, Laura M Garrick, Andrew J Ghio, Frank Thévenod
Much of iron and manganese metabolism occurs in mitochondria. Uptake of redox-active iron must be tightly controlled, but little is known about how metal ions enter mitochondria. Recently, we established that the divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1) is present in the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM). Therefore we asked if it mediates Fe2+ and Mn2+ influx. Mitochondria were isolated from HEK293 cells permanently transfected with inducible rat DMT1 isoform 1 A/+IRE (HEK293-rDMT1). Fe2+ -induced quenching of the dye PhenGreen™SK (PGSK) occurred in two phases, one of which reflected OMM DMT1 with stronger Fe2+ uptake after DMT1 overexpression...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313986/protein-kinase-d-activation-induces-mitochondrial-fragmentation-and-dysfunction-in-cardiomyocytes
#10
Bong Sook Jhun, Jin O-Uchi, Stephanie M Adaniya, Thomas J Mancini, Jessica L Cao, Michelle E King, Amy K Landi, Hanley Ma, Milla Shin, Donqin Yang, Xiaole Xu, Yisang Yoon, Gaurav Choudhary, Richard T Clements, Ulrike Mende, Shey-Shing Sheu
KEY POINTS: Abnormal mitochondrial morphology and function in cardiomyocytes are frequently observed under persistent Gq protein-coupled receptor (Gq PCR) stimulation. Cardiac signalling mechanisms for regulating mitochondrial morphology and function under pathophysiological conditions in the heart are still poorly understood. We demonstrate that a downstream kinase of Gq PCR, protein kinase D (PKD) induces mitochondrial fragmentation via phosphorylation of dynamin-like protein 1 (DLP1), a mitochondrial fission protein...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310503/decision-making-for-position-dependent-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-on-the-basis-of-patient-information-and-physical-examinations-of-the-upper-airway-acquired-on-an-outpatient-basis
#11
Minoru Endo, Takahito Kondo, Rie Shimada, Kiyoaki Tsukahara
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with body mass index (BMI) < 25 kg/m2 and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) are highly suspicious for position-dependent OSAS. Diagnosis of position-dependent/position-independent OSAS can be difficult in patients satisfying both 'BMI >25 kg/m2 ' and 'any of tongue enlargement (TE), palatine tonsil hypertrophy (PTH) and obstruction by Muller's maneuver (OMM)'. Polysomnography is warranted in such patients. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to retrospectively elucidate criteria for differentiating position-dependent OSAS on the basis of patient information and physical examinations of the upper airway obtainable in clinics...
January 8, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298077/fibromyalgia-with-gabapentin-and-osteopathic-manipulative-medicine-a-pilot-study
#12
Cynthia Marske, Natasha Bernard, Alison Palacios, Cary Wheeler, Ben Preiss, Mackenzie Brown, Saveri Bhattacharya, Gloria Klapstein
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study compares the safety and efficacy of three treatments in reducing pain and improving fibromyalgia symptoms. DESIGN: This study was an 8-week prospective, single center feasibility study. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Forty subjects were recruited from Solano, Sonoma, and Contra Costa counties of California in 2006-2009. Subjects were aged 18-65 and met the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 1990 criteria for fibromyalgia...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284095/three-year-effects-of-deproteinization-on-the-in-vitro-durability-of-resin-dentin-eroded-interfaces
#13
Fsf Siqueira, Afm Cardenas, G M Gomes, A C Chibinski, Omm Gomes, M C Bandeca, A D Loguercio, J C Gomes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of sodium hypochlorite on the immediate and three-year bonding properties of a resin-eroded dentin interface produced by one of two adhesive strategies. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Forty-eight molars were randomly assigned to six experimental groups, according to the combination of the adhesive strategy (etch-and-rinse and self-etch) and the dentin surface (control groups without erosion, eroded dentin surface [ED], and eroded dentin surface + NaOCl 5...
January 2018: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275844/left-ventricular-assist-devices-versus-medical-management-in-ambulatory-heart-failure-patients-an-analysis-of-intermacs-profiles-4-and-5-to-7-from-the-roadmap-study
#14
Keyur B Shah, Randall C Starling, Joseph G Rogers, Douglas A Horstmanshof, James W Long, Vigneshwar Kasirajan, Josef Stehlik, Joyce Chuang, David J Farrar, Jerry D Estep
BACKGROUND: The ROADMAP study showed survival with improved functional status was better with left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy compared with optimal medical management (OMM) in ambulatory, non-inotrope-dependent (INTERMACS [IM] Profile 4 to 7) patients. To study more balanced cohorts and better define which patients may benefit from implantation of an LVAD, we re-evaluated the patients enrolled in ROADMAP when stratified by INTERMACS profile (Profile 4 and Profiles 5 to 7)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230811/whole-exome-sequencing-of-oral-mucosal-melanoma-reveals-mutational-profile-and-therapeutic-targets
#15
Jiong Lyu, Zhijian Song, Jianhua Chen, Matthew J Shepard, Hao Song, Guoxin Ren, Zhiqiang Li, Wei Guo, Zhengping Zhuang, Yongyong Shi
Oral mucosal melanoma (OMM) is a rare and aggressive subtype of melanoma with little known about its pathogenesis or carcinogenesis. We therefore performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) on 19 matched OMM tumor/normal pairs in order to gain insight into potential genetic drivers of tumor formation. For the first time, we describe the comprehensive mutational profile of OMM. Our data suggest that the genetic background of OMM differs from those of other melanoma subtypes. We identified recurrent mutations involving KIT, POLE, PTPRD, PTCHD2, and DMXL2...
March 2018: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151970/ki67-proliferation-index-as-a-histopathological-predictive-and-prognostic-parameter-of-oral-mucosal-melanoma-in-patients-without-distant-metastases
#16
Xuhui Ma, Yunteng Wu, Tian Zhang, Hao Song, Houyu Jv, Wei Guo, Guoxin Ren
Background: To investigate the relationship between clinical and histopathological characteristics and overall survival of patients with oral mucosal melanoma (OMM) without distal metastasis in order to provide predictive prognostic information of OMM. Methods: Ki67 expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in 123 patients with OMM without distant metastases. The associations between Ki67 expression and clinical features and overall survival (OS) of patients were statistically analyzed. The Ki67 levels of the primary and recurrent lesions from 14 OMM patients were compared...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142819/liposomes-modified-with-cardiolipin-can-act-as-a-platform-to-regulate-the-potential-flux-of-nadp-dependent-isocitrate-dehydrogenase
#17
Keishi Suga, Akari Hamasaki, Junpei Chinzaka, Hiroshi Umakoshi
Cardiolipin (CL) is a phospholipid found in the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) and inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) in animal cells. Isocitrate dehydrogenase (ICDH) is an important catalytic enzyme that is localized at the cytosol and mitochondria; the metabolic pathway catalyzed by ICDH differs between the OMM and IMM. To estimate the possible role of lipid membrane in the enzymatic activity of NADP+ -dependent ICDH, CL-modified liposomes were prepared using CL/1,2-dipalmitoyl- sn -glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC)/cholesterol (Ch), and their characteristics were analyzed based on the fluorescent probe method...
December 2016: Metabolic Engineering Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142021/inf2-mediated-actin-polymerization-at-the-er-stimulates-mitochondrial-calcium-uptake-inner-membrane-constriction-and-division
#18
Rajarshi Chakrabarti, Wei-Ke Ji, Radu V Stan, Jaime de Juan Sanz, Timothy A Ryan, Henry N Higgs
Mitochondrial division requires division of both the inner and outer mitochondrial membranes (IMM and OMM, respectively). Interaction with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) promotes OMM division by recruitment of the dynamin Drp1, but effects on IMM division are not well characterized. We previously showed that actin polymerization through ER-bound inverted formin 2 (INF2) stimulates Drp1 recruitment in mammalian cells. Here, we show that INF2-mediated actin polymerization stimulates a second mitochondrial response independent of Drp1: a rise in mitochondrial matrix calcium through the mitochondrial calcium uniporter...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137292/the-clinical-significance-of-c-kit-mutations-in-metastatic-oral-mucosal-melanoma-in-china
#19
Xuhui Ma, Yunteng Wu, Tian Zhang, Hao Song, Houyu Jv, Wei Guo, Guoxin Ren
c-Kit mutations are frequently detected in mucosal melanomas, but their clinical significance in metastatic oral mucosal melanomas (OMM) remains unclear. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and pathological features of metastatic OMMs with c-Kit mutations and the efficiency of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib in treating metastatic OMMs. We found thatresidual primary lesion and neck lymph nodes could act as independent prognostic factors in metastatic OMM patients. c-Kit mutations were detected in 22 out of 139 (15...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945232/extra-mitochondrial-prosurvival-bcl-2-proteins-regulate-gene-transcription-by-inhibiting-the-sufu%C3%A2-tumour-suppressor
#20
Xiaofeng Wu, Li-Shu Zhang, Jason Toombs, Yi-Chun Kuo, John Tyler Piazza, Rubina Tuladhar, Quinn Barrett, Chih-Wei Fan, Xuewu Zhang, Loren D Walensky, Marcel Kool, Steven Y Cheng, Rolf Brekken, Joseph T Opferman, Douglas R Green, Tudor Moldoveanu, Lawrence Lum
Direct interactions between pro- and anti-apoptotic BCL-2 family members form the basis of cell death decision-making at the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM). Here we report that three anti-apoptotic BCL-2 proteins (MCL-1, BCL-2 and BCL-XL) found untethered from the OMM function as transcriptional regulators of a prosurvival and growth program. Anti-apoptotic BCL-2 proteins engage a BCL-2 homology (BH) domain sequence found in SUFU (suppressor of fused), a tumour suppressor and antagonist of the GLI DNA-binding proteins...
October 2017: Nature Cell Biology
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