keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

dorsal horn neurons

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923581/uvb-irradiation-induces-rapid-changes-in-galanin-substance-p-and-c-fos-immunoreactivity-in-rat-dorsal-root-ganglia-and-spinal-cord
#1
Leila Etemadi, Lina M E Pettersson, Nils Danielsen
Recent studies have shown that UVB irradiation induces primary and secondary hyperalgesia in rats and humans peaking about 24hrs after UVB exposure. In the present study we investigated the changes in galanin, substance P and c-fos immunoreactivity in rat DRG and spinal cord at the L5 level 2-96hrs after UVB irradiation. UVB irradiation of the heel area in rats almost increased the skin blood flow two-fold 24hrs after irradiation as measured by laser Doppler technique. UVB irradiation induced a significant reduction of the proportion of galanin positive DRG neurons for all time points, except at 12hrs...
December 3, 2016: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919822/astrocyte-contributes-to-pain-development-via-mmp2-jnk1-2-signaling-in-a-mouse-model-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#2
Guogang Tian, Xin Luo, Chaoliang Tang, Xiang Cheng, Sookja Kim Chung, Zhengyuan Xia, Chi Wai Cheung, Qulian Guo
BACKGROUND: The activation of spinal glial cells (astrocyte and microglia) is reported in patient with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). However, the roles of spinal glial activities in the pathophysiology of CRPS are unclear. Here, we explored the roles of spinal astrocyte and microglia and the molecular mechanisms underlying CRPS using a mouse model of chronic post-ischemia pain (CPIP). RESULTS: CPIP injury increased the level of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP, reactive astrocyte biomarker), but had no significant impact on ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule 1 (IBA1, reactive microglia biomarker), in the ipsilateral dorsal horn on post-injury day (PID) 3 when the pain threshold started to reduce significantly...
December 2, 2016: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913310/targeted-disruption-of-the-orphan-receptor-gpr151-does-not-alter-pain-related-behaviour-despite-a-strong-induction-in-dorsal-root-ganglion-expression-in-a-model-of-neuropathic-pain
#3
Fiona E Holmes, Niall Kerr, Ying-Ju Chen, Penny Vanderplank, Craig A McArdle, David Wynick
BACKGROUND: Gpr151 is an orphan GPCR whose function is unknown. The restricted pattern of neuronal expression in the habenula, dorsal horn of the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion plus homology with the galanin family of receptors imply a role in nociception. RESULTS: Real-time quantitative RT-PCR demonstrated a 49.9±2.9 fold highly significant (P<0.001) increase in Gpr151 mRNA expression in the dorsal root ganglion 7days after the spared nerve injury model of neuropathic pain...
November 29, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908839/the-transition-of-acute-postoperative-pain-to-chronic-pain-an-integrative-overview-of-research-on-mechanisms
#4
C Richard Chapman, Charles J Vierck
The nature of the transition from acute to chronic pain still eludes explanation, but chronic pain resulting from surgery provides a natural experiment that invites both clinical epidemiological investigation and basic scientific inquiry into the mechanisms of this transition. The primary purpose of this paper is to review current knowledge and hypotheses on the transition from acute to persistent postsurgical pain, summarizing literature on clinical epidemiological studies of persistent postsurgical pain development, as well as basic neurophysiological studies targeting mechanisms in the periphery, spinal cord, and brain...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902570/preprotachykinin-a-ppta-is-expressed-by-a-distinct-population-of-excitatory-neurons-in-the-mouse-superficial-spinal-dorsal-horn-including-cells-that-respond-to-noxious-and-pruritic-stimuli
#5
Maria Gutierrez-Mecinas, Andrew M Bell, Alina Marin, Rebecca Taylor, Kieran A Boyle, Takahiro Furuta, Masahiko Watanabe, Erika Polgár, Andrew J Todd
The superficial dorsal horn, which is the main target for nociceptive and pruritoceptive primary afferents, contains a high density of excitatory interneurons. Our understanding of their roles in somatosensory processing has been restricted by the difficulty of distinguishing functional populations among these cells. We recently defined three non-overlapping populations among the excitatory neurons, based on the expression of neurotensin, neurokinin B (NKB) and gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP). Here we identify and characterise another population: neurons that express the tachykinin peptide substance P...
November 25, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902567/dorsal-root-ganglion-neurons-become-hyperexcitable-and-increase-expression-of-voltage-gated-t-type-calcium-channels-cav3-2-in-paclitaxel-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#6
Yan Li, Claudio Esteves Tatsui, Laurence D Rhines, Robert Y North, Daniel S Harrison, Ryan M Cassidy, Caj A Johansson, Alyssa K Kosturakis, Denaya D Edwards, Hongmei Zhang, Patrick M Dougherty
Here it is shown that paclitaxel induced neuropathy is associated with the development of spontaneous activity (SA) and hyperexcitability in DRG neurons that is paralleled by increased expression of low-voltage-activated calcium channels (T-type; Cav3.2). The percentage of DRG neurons showing SA and the overall mean rate of SA were significantly higher at day 7 of paclitaxel treatment than in rats receiving vehicle. Cav3.2 expression was increased in L4-6 DRG and spinal cord segments in paclitaxel-treated rats, localized to small calcitonin gene-related peptide expressing and isolectin B4 expressing DRG neurons and to glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive spinal cord cells...
November 24, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897305/-cervical-ischaemic-neuronopathy-and-cardioembolism-another-cause-of-man-in-the-barrel-syndrome
#7
H Gonzalez-Usigli, A Gandarilla, J J Garcia, J Serrato, N Estrada
INTRODUCTION: Spinal infarction accounts for 1% of all strokes. Cardioembolism is a rare cause. Common areas of ischemic spinal damage are watershed in the dorsal or lumbar regions; however cervical spinal cord infarction has been reported previously. CASE REPORT: We present a new case of a man-in-the-barrel syndrome produced by cardiac embolization associated with atrial fibrillation during an acute myocardial infarction, which caused cervical ischemic neuronopathy (infarction of the anterior horn)...
December 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896922/-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-antihyperalgesic-effect-associates-with-reduced-cx3cl1-chemokine-expression-in-spinal-cord
#8
Marc Bosch-Mola, Judit Homs, Beltrán Álvarez-Pérez, Teresa Puig, Francisco Reina, Enrique Verdú, Pere Boadas-Vaello
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a major polyphenol in green tea with beneficial effects on the neuropathic pain alleviation in animal models. Because chemokine fractalkine (CX3CL1) has been suggested as an important signal during neuropathic pain development, this study aimed to investigate whether CX3CL1 expression may be modulated by EGCG treatment reducing hyperalgesia in chronic constriction injured mice. To this end, Balb/c mice were subjected to a chronic constriction injury of sciatic nerve (CCI) and treated with EGCG or vehicle once a day during the first week following surgery...
November 29, 2016: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896597/noradrenergic-inhibition-of-spinal-hyperexcitation-elicited-by-cutaneous-cold-stimuli-in-rats-with-oxaliplatin-induced-allodynia-electrophysiological-and-behavioral-assessments
#9
Seunghwan Choi, Akihiro Yamada, Woojin Kim, Sun Kwang Kim, Hidemasa Furue
We investigated the spinal action of noradrenaline on cold-elicited hyperexcitation detected in dorsal horn neurons of rats with allodynia induced by an oxaliplatin (6 mg/kg, i.p.) injection. In vivo extracellular recordings from the spinal dorsal horn showed that wide dynamic range neurons responded to cutaneous acetone (10 μl) stimulation in normal rats, and cold-elicited firings in oxaliplatin-administered rats were increased with a longer duration, correlated with behavioral responses. These responses were significantly attenuated by spinal administration (50 μM) of noradrenaline or its agonists, clonidine (α2), phenylephrine (α1) and isoprenaline (β), in descending order of efficacy...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881779/allergic-inflammation-leads-to-neuropathic-pain-via-glial-cell-activation
#10
Ryo Yamasaki, Takayuki Fujii, Bing Wang, Katsuhisa Masaki, Mizuho A Kido, Mari Yoshida, Takuya Matsushita, Jun-Ichi Kira
: Allergic and atopic disorders have increased over the past few decades and have been associated with neuropsychiatric conditions, such as autism spectrum disorder and asthmatic amyotrophy. Myelitis presenting with neuropathic pain can occur in patients with atopic disorder; however, the relationship between allergic inflammation and neuropathic pain, and the underlying mechanism, remains to be established. We studied whether allergic inflammation affects the spinal nociceptive system...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857953/spinal-cord-thermosensitivity-an-afferent-phenomenon
#11
REVIEW
James A Brock, Robin M McAllen
We review the evidence for thermoregulatory temperature sensors in the mammalian spinal cord and reach the following conclusions. 1) Spinal cord temperature contributes physiologically to temperature regulation. 2) Parallel anterolateral ascending pathways transmit signals from spinal cooling and spinal warming: they overlap with the respective axon pathways of the dorsal horn neurons that are driven by peripheral cold- and warm-sensitive afferents. 3) We hypothesize that these 'cold' and 'warm' ascending pathways transmit all extracranial thermosensory information to the brain...
April 2016: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857760/galanin-and-its-receptor-system-promote-the-repair-of-injured-sciatic-nerves-in-diabetic-rats
#12
Xiao-Feng Xu, Dan-Dan Zhang, Jin-Chi Liao, Li Xiao, Qing Wang, Wei Qiu
Various studies have reported that galanin can promote axonal regeneration of dorsal root ganglion neurons in vitro and inhibit neuropathic pain. However, little is known about its effects on diabetic peripheral neuropathy, and in vivo experimental data are lacking. We hypothesized that repeated applications of exogenous galanin over an extended time frame may also repair nerve damage in diabetic peripheral neuropathy, and relieve pain in vivo. We found that neuropathic pain occurred in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats and was more severe after sciatic nerve pinch injury at 14 and 28 days than in diabetic sham-operated rats...
September 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857218/tet1-dependent-epigenetic-modification-of-bdnf-expression-in-dorsal-horn-neurons-mediates-neuropathic-pain-in-rats
#13
Ming-Chun Hsieh, Cheng-Yuan Lai, Yu-Cheng Ho, Hsueh-Hsiao Wang, Jen-Kun Cheng, Yat-Pang Chau, Hsien-Yu Peng
Ten-eleven translocation methylcytosine dioxygenase 1 (Tet1) mediates the conversion of 5-methylcytosine (5 mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5 hmC), hence promoting DNA demethylation. Although recent studies have linked the DNA demethylation of specific genes to pain hypersensitivity, the role of spinal Tet1-dependent DNA demethylation in nociception hypersensitivity development remains elusive. Here, we report correlated with behavioral allodynia, spinal nerve ligation (SNL) upregulated Tet1 expression in dorsal horn neurons that hydroxylate 5 mC to 5 hmC at CpG dinucleotides in the bdnf promoter to promote spinal BDNF expression at day 7 after operation...
November 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856391/acute-anti-allodynic-action-of-gabapentin-in-dorsal-horn-and-primary-somatosensory-cortex-correlation-of-behavioural-and-physiological-data
#14
Sascha R A Alles, Mischa V Bandet, Kate Eppler, Myung-Chul Noh, Ian R Winship, Glen Baker, Klaus Ballanyi, Peter A Smith
Neuropathic pain is a debilitating consequence of neuronal injury or disease. Although first line treatments include the alpha-2-delta (α2δ)-ligands, pregabalin and gabapentin (GBP), the mechanism of their anti-allodynic action is poorly understood. One specific paradox is that GBP relieves signs of neuropathic pain in animal models within 30min of an intraperitoneal (IP) injection yet its actions in vitro on spinal dorsal horn or primary afferent neurons take hours to develop. We found, using confocal Ca(2+) imaging, that substantia gelatinosa neurons obtained ex vivo from rats subjected to sciatic chronic constriction injury (CCI) were more excitable than controls...
February 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856287/the-inhibition-of-spinal-synaptic-plasticity-mediated-by-activation-of-amp-activated-protein-kinase-signaling-alleviates-the-acute-pain-induced-by-oxaliplatin
#15
Yun-Zhi Ling, Zhen-Yu Li, Han-Dong Ou-Yang, Chao Ma, Shao-Ling Wu, Jia-You Wei, Huan-Huan Ding, Xiao-Long Zhang, Meng Liu, Cui-Cui Liu, Zhen-Zhen Huang, Wen-Jun Xin
Our recent findings demonstrated that oxaliplatin entering CNS may directly induce spinal central sensitization, and contribute to the rapid development of CNS-related side effects including acute pain during chemotherapy. However, the mechanism is largely unclear. In the current study, we found that the amplitude of C-fiber-evoked field potentials was significantly increased and the expression of phosphorylated mammalian AMP-activated protein kinase α (AMPKα) was markedly decreased following high frequency stimulation (HFS) or single intraperitoneal injection of oxaliplatin (4mg/kg)...
November 14, 2016: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852964/spinal-astrocytic-activation-contributes-to-mechanical-allodynia-in-a-rat-model-of-cyclophosphamide-induced-cystitis
#16
Bolong Liu, Minzhi Su, ShaoJun Tang, Xiangfu Zhou, Hailun Zhan, Fei Yang, Wenbiao Li, Tengcheng Li, Juncong Xie
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that glial cells play an important role in the generation and maintenance of neuropathic pain. Activated glial cells produce numerous mediators such as proinflammatory cytokines that facilitate neuronal activity and synaptic plasticity. Similarly, bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis shares many characteristics of neuropathic pain. However, related report on the involvement of spinal glia in bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis-associated pathological pain and the underlying mechanisms are still lacking...
2016: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852772/functional-synaptic-integration-of-forebrain-gabaergic-precursors-into-the-adult-spinal-cord
#17
Alex Etlin, Joao M Bráz, Julia A Kuhn, Xidao Wang, Katherine A Hamel, Ida J Llewellyn-Smith, Allan I Basbaum
: Spinal cord transplants of embryonic cortical GABAergic progenitor cells derived from the medial ganglionic eminence (MGE) can reverse mechanical hypersensitivity in the mouse models of peripheral nerve injury- and paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain. Here, we used electrophysiology, immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopy to examine the extent to which MGE cells integrate into host circuitry and recapitulate endogenous inhibitory circuits. Whether the transplants were performed before or after nerve injury, the MGE cells developed into mature neurons and exhibited firing patterns characteristic of subpopulations of cortical and spinal cord inhibitory interneurons...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821910/celecoxib-alleviates-oxaliplatin-induced-hyperalgesia-through-inhibition-of-spinal-erk1-2-signaling
#18
Hongping Chen, Qinghua Wang, Danni Shi, Dongbo Yao, Lei Zhang, Junping Xiong, Baohua Xu
Numerous pieces of evidence have revealed that oxaliplatin (OXA) evokes mechanical and cold hypersensitivity. However, the mechanism underlying these bothersome side effects needs to be further investigated. It is well known that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2) signaling play crucial roles in several pain states. Our previous data showed that Akt2 in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) participated in the regulation of OXA-induced neuropathic pain. But it is still unclear whether spinal ERK1/2 signaling is involved in the regulation of OXA-induced hyperalgesia, and the linkage between COX-2 and ERK1/2 signaling in mediating OXA-induced hyperalgesia also remains unclear...
October 2016: Journal of Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817132/inhibitory-effect-of-estrogen-receptor-beta-on-p2x3-receptors-during-inflammation-in-rats
#19
Qian Jiang, Wen-Xin Li, Jia-Run Sun, Tian-Tian Zhu, Juan Fan, Li-Hua Yu, Geoffrey Burnstock, Hua Yang, Bei Ma
Estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) has been shown to play a therapeutic role in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the mechanism underlying how ERβ exerts therapeutic effects and its relationship with P2X3 receptors (P2X3R) in rats with inflammation is not known. In our study, animal behavior tests, visceromotor reflex recording, and Western blotting were used to determine whether the therapeutic effect of ERβ in rats with inflammation was related with P2X3R. In complete Freund adjuvant (CFA)-induced chronic inflammation in rats, paw withdrawal threshold was significantly decreased which were then reversed by systemic injection of ERβ agonists, DPN or ERB-041...
November 5, 2016: Purinergic Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806306/in%C3%A2-vivo-interrogation-of-spinal-mechanosensory-circuits
#20
Amelia J Christensen, Shrivats M Iyer, Amaury François, Saurabh Vyas, Charu Ramakrishnan, Sam Vesuna, Karl Deisseroth, Grégory Scherrer, Scott L Delp
Spinal dorsal horn circuits receive, process, and transmit somatosensory information. To understand how specific components of these circuits contribute to behavior, it is critical to be able to directly modulate their activity in unanesthetized in vivo conditions. Here, we develop experimental tools that enable optogenetic control of spinal circuitry in freely moving mice using commonly available materials. We use these tools to examine mechanosensory processing in the spinal cord and observe that optogenetic activation of somatostatin-positive interneurons facilitates both mechanosensory and itch-related behavior, while reversible chemogenetic inhibition of these neurons suppresses mechanosensation...
November 1, 2016: Cell Reports
keyword
keyword
82734
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"