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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244192/daily-hassles-score-associates-with-the-somatic-and-psychological-health-of-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#1
Orly Sarid, Vered Slonim-Nevo, Ruslan Sergienko, Avihu Pereg, Elena Chernin, Terri Singer, Dan Greenberg, Doron Schwartz, Hillel Vardi, Michael Friger, Shmuel Odes
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of daily hassles with the somatic and psychological health of Crohn's disease (CD) patients. METHOD: A cross-sectional study of 400 self-selected adult CD patients was performed with completion of demographic, medical, and psychosocial questionnaires: economic status; Patient Harvey-Bradshaw Index of disease activity; Daily Hassles Scale (DHS); Short Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (SIBDQ) and Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36 Physical and Mental Health) quality of life measures; Brief Symptom Inventory of psychological stress with summary Global Severity Index (GSI); Family Assessment Device; and List of Threatening Life Experiences...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244114/propranolol-for-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-two-patients-with-continuous-flow-left-ventricle-assist-device
#2
Christoffer Stark, Jan Kiss, Karl Lemström
Patients with continuous-flow left ventricle assist devices are at risk for gastrointestinal bleeding from angiodysplastic bowel lesions. Neoangiogenesis secondary to von Willebrand factor degradation and increased vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signalling is likely related to their pathophysiology. We speculated that propranolol, known to downregulate VEGF signalling, could be beneficial in patients with recurrent bleeding episodes and anaemia. In this case report, we present a short-term outcome of 2 patients treated with propranolol...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237949/diagnosis-and-management-of-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-an-up-to-date-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Ayman El-Menyar, Ahammed Mekkodathil, Hassan Al-Thani
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare life-threatening forms of cancer that may arise anywhere in the GI tract. Herein, we aimed to review the literature to describe the incidence, management, and outcomes of GISTs. We conducted a traditional narrative review using PubMed and EMBASE, searching for English-language publications for GISTs between January 2001 and January 2016 using keywords "gastrointestinal" "stromal tumors." Among 4582 retrieved articles, 50 articles were relevant over the last 15 years...
October 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237540/prokinetic-effects-of-neurokinin-2-receptor-agonists-on-the-bladder-and-rectum-of-rats-with-acute-spinal-cord-transection
#4
Lesley Marson, Karl B Thor, Mary Katofiasc, Edward C Burgard, Nadia M J Rupniak
The suitability of various neurokinin-2 (NK2) receptor agonists and routes of administration to elicit on-demand voiding of the bladder and bowel, as future therapy for individuals with spinal cord injury, was examined using a rat model. The current study examined the feasibility of alternative routes of administration, which are more practical for clinical use than intravenous (IV) administration. Voiding and isovolumetric cystometry were recorded in anesthetized, acutely spinalized, female rats after IV, subcutaneous (SC), intramuscular (IM), intranasal (IN), or sublingual (SL) administration of [Lys5,MeLeu9,Nle10]-NKA(4-10] (LMN-NKA)...
December 10, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235584/erratum-a-short-telephone-call-reminder-improves-bowel-preparation-quality-indicators-and-patient-satisfaction-with-first-colonoscopy
#5
Marisol Gálvez, Angel Mario Zarate, Hector Espino, Fátima Higuera-de la Tijera, Richard Alexander Awad, Santiago Camacho
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-117954.].
December 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234962/the-functional-outcome-and-factors-influencing-the-quality-of-life-after-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-in-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis
#6
Kazuhiro Watanabe, Munenori Nagao, Hideyuki Suzuki, Hideaki Karasawa, Shinobu Ohnuma, Hiroaki Musha, Yuji Funayama, Takashi Kamei, Takeshi Naitoh, Michiaki Unno
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the bowel function and quality of life (QOL) in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) after total proctocolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA). METHODS: Two questionnaires ["Questionnaire sheet on the bowel function" and "Inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire (Japanese IBDQ)"] were sent to 121 patients with UC who underwent IPAA at Tohoku University Hospital. Seventy-nine patients (65%) participated in the study...
December 12, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233482/comparison-of-single-port-and-three-port-laparoscopic-salpingectomy-in-the-management-for-tubal-pregnancy
#7
Hsu-Dong Sun, Huann-Cheng Horng, Chia-Hao Liu, Sheng-Mou Hsiao, Yi-Jen Chen, Wen-Hsun Chang, Peng-Hui Wang
BACKGROUND: To compare the short-term outcome of patients undergoing single-port laparoscopic salpingectomy (SP-LS) and conventional three-port laparoscopic salpingectomy (C-LS). METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 112 patients with tubal pregnancies treated by one surgeon at a single teaching hospital. Among these, 47 patients were treated with SP-LS and the remaining 65 were treated with C-LS. RESULTS: The characteristics of patients were similar in both groups...
December 7, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232432/acrodermatitis-enteropathica-in-a-patient-with-short-bowel-syndrome
#8
Jean-Phillip Okhovat, Ryan O'Leary, Mengjun Hu, Jamie Zussman, Scott Binder, Scott Worswick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231791/glucagon-like-peptide-2-and-neoplasia-a-systematic-review
#9
Linea Landgrebe Ring, Nikolaj Nerup, Palle Bekker Jeppesen, Lars Bo Svendsen, Michael Patrick Achiam
Glucagon like peptide-2 is synthesized from enteroendocrine L cells primarily located in the ileum and large intestine. GLP-2 stimulates crypt cell proliferation, increases intestinal blood flow, enhances gut barrier function, induces mucosal healing, and exerts an anti-apoptotic effect. Due to these effects GLP-2 is used in the treatment of short bowel syndrome (SBS). Areas covered The aim of this systematic review was to provide information on the potential risk of intestinal neoplasia in patients receiving treatment with GLP-2...
December 12, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230136/managing-the-adult-patient-with-short-bowel-syndrome
#10
Carol Rees Parrish, John K DiBaise
Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a malabsorptive disorder associated with significant morbidity and mortality, reduced quality of life, and high health care costs. Managing the patient with SBS requires an understanding of gastrointestinal anatomy and physiology; a dedicated multidisciplinary team; and the coordination of dietary, fluid, pharmacologic, and comorbid disease management. This article provides an overview of the current state of management of SBS, including a practical approach to optimizing the care and quality of life of the adult patient with SBS...
October 2017: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228373/medical-treatment-or-surgery-for-colorectal-endometriosis-results-of-a-shared-decision-making-approach
#11
Paolo Vercellini, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Riccardo Rosati, Dhouha Dridi, Anna Roberto, Paola Mosconi, Olga De Giorgi, Fulvia Milena Cribiù, Edgardo Somigliana
STUDY QUESTION: What is the degree of patient satisfaction in women with symptomatic colorectal endometriosis who choose medical or surgical treatment after a shared decision-making (SDM) process? SUMMARY ANSWER: The degree of satisfaction with treatment was high both in women who chose medical treatment with a low-dose oral contraceptive (OCP) or a progestin, and in those who chose to undergo surgical resection of bowel endometriosis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Hormonal therapies and surgery for colorectal endometriosis have been investigated in non-comparative studies with inconsistent results...
December 8, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226885/peritoneal-pocket-hernia-a-distinct-cause-of-early-postoperative-small-bowel-obstruction-and-strangulation-a-report-of-two-cases-following-robotic-herniorrhaphy
#12
Sumana Narayanan, Tomer Davidov
Laparoscopic and robotic hernia surgery offers advantages over open herniorrhaphy including faster recover and lower wound infection but is associated with rare but serious complications such as visceral injury and intestinal obstruction. We describe two cases of small bowel obstruction with strangulation that occurred shortly after routine robotic hernia surgery. We define this rare type of strangulating internal hernia as a peritoneal pocket hernia and call attention to its diagnosis and management.
December 11, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226561/the-long-term-effects-of-faecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-gastrointestinal-symptoms-and-general-health-in-patients-with-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection
#13
J Jalanka, A Hillamaa, R Satokari, E Mattila, V-J Anttila, P Arkkila
BACKGROUND: Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an effective treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection. In short-term the treatment has been shown to be safe, however, there are no large, long-term follow-up studies looking into the potential adverse effects. AIM: To analyse the long-term effect of FMT treatment in patients with recurrent C. difficile infection and to compare the outcome to antibiotic treated patients. METHODS: Altogether 84 patients of which 45 received a FMT treatment and 39 served as controls receiving antibiotics for the infection were followed on average for 3...
December 11, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218437/d-lactic-acidosis-in-humans-systematic-literature-review
#14
Davide G A M Bianchetti, Giacomo S Amelio, Sebastiano A G Lava, Mario G Bianchetti, Giacomo D Simonetti, Carlo Agostoni, Emilio F Fossali, Gregorio P Milani
BACKGROUND: D-lactic acidosis is an uncommon and challenging form of metabolic acidosis that may develop in short bowel syndrome. It has been documented exclusively in case reports and small case series. METHODS: We performed a review of the literature in the National Library of Medicine and Excerpta Medica databases. RESULTS: We identified 84 original reports published between 1977 and 2017. D-lactic acidosis was observed in 98 individuals ranging in age from 7 months to 86 years with short bowel syndrome...
December 7, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217904/comparison-of-the-short-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-and-open-resections-for-colorectal-cancer-in-patients-with-a-history-of-prior-median-laparotomy
#15
Young Wan Kim, Ik Yong Kim
This study aimed to investigate the short-term outcomes of laparoscopic resection in comparison with those of open resection for colorectal cancer in patients with a history of prior median laparotomy (PML). Eighty-seven consecutive patients (87/1121, 7.8 %) with a history of PML who underwent major colorectal cancer resection were enrolled (laparoscopy, n = 40; open, n = 47). The conversion rate to open surgery was 25 % (n = 10). The laparoscopy group had a higher proportion of female patients (57...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217129/long-alimentary-limb-duodenal-switch-lads-a-short-term-prospective-randomized-trial
#16
Anabelle Cloutier, Stéfane Lebel, Frédéric Hould, François Julien, Simon Marceau, Léonie Bouvet, Serge Simard, Laurent Biertho
BACKGROUND: Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is one of the most effective bariatric surgeries, in terms of weight loss and remission of co-morbidities. It is however associated with a significant risk of protein and nutritional deficiency, as well as gastrointestinal side effects. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of increasing the strict alimentary limb on weight loss, nutritional deficiency and quality of life, compared with standard BPD-DS...
November 8, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215589/impact-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-the-gut-microbiota
#17
REVIEW
Lara Costantini, Romina Molinari, Barbara Farinon, Nicolò Merendino
Long-term dietary habits play a crucial role in creating a host-specific gut microbiota community in humans. Despite the many publications about the effects of carbohydrates (prebiotic fibers), the impact of dietary fats, such as omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), on the gut microbiota is less well defined. The few studies completed in adults showed some common changes in the gut microbiota after omega-3 PUFA supplementation. In particular, a decrease in Faecalibacterium, often associated with an increase in the Bacteroidetes and butyrate-producing bacteria belonging to the Lachnospiraceae family, has been observed...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212098/immunosuppression-following-liver-transplantation-and-the-course-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-case-control%C3%A2-study
#18
Martina T Mogl, Daniel C Baumgart, Andreas Fischer, Johann Pratschke, Andreas Pascher
Aim The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of immunosuppression following orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) on course of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) including disease activity and complications. Methods Out of 1168 patients undergoing liver transplantation between 1988 and 2000 at our center, we identified those with IBD (n = 67). In a comparative cohort study, IBD patients after OLT were compared to controls without OLT. All drugs including immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory medication and complications during follow-up were recorded in 6-month intervals...
December 6, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209132/short-term-clinical-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-vs-open-rectal-excision-for-rectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Aleix Martínez-Pérez, Maria Clotilde Carra, Francesco Brunetti, Nicola de'Angelis
AIM: To review evidence on the short-term clinical outcomes of laparoscopic (LRR) vs open rectal resection (ORR) for rectal cancer. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using Cochrane Central Register, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, OpenGrey and ClinicalTrials.gov register for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) comparing LRR vs ORR for rectal cancer and reporting short-term clinical outcomes. Articles published in English from January 1, 1995 to June, 30 2016 that met the selection criteria were retrieved and reviewed...
November 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206679/predicting-intestinal-adaptation-in-pediatric-intestinal-failure-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Christina Belza, Kevin Fitzgerald, Nicole de Silva, Yaron Avitzur, Karen Steinberg, Glenda Courtney-Martin, Paul W Wales
OBJECTIVE: The primary goal in intestinal failure (IF) is adaptation and enteral autonomy (EA). Our goals were to determine the proportion of patients treated for IF by an established intestinal rehabilitation program who achieved EA and to assess the predictors of EA. BACKGROUND: There have been considerable advancements in the management of IF over the last 15 years, children with short bowel syndrome with a reduction in mortality. Several studies have discussed variables that may influence the ability to attain EA; however, majority were written when mortality rates were considerably higher compared with the current contemporary experience...
December 4, 2017: Annals of Surgery
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