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Cavitary lung image children

Paolo Tomà, Laura Lancella, Laura Menchini, Roberta Lombardi, Aurelio Secinaro, Alberto Villani
The incidence of tuberculosis is increasing in the developed world and children in particular represent a high-risk group for developing the disease. The aim of this review is to analyse the spectrum of radiological signs as reported in the recent literature, in light of our series over a 15-year period, to pinpoint the most common radiological patterns in a developed country and to determine the role played by the different chest imaging techniques in diagnosis improvement. Lung TB was present in 217 out of 255 patients (85 %): 146 patients were under 5 years of age (76 under 2 years) and 71 over 5 years (41 over 10 years)...
January 2017: La Radiologia Medica
Kemal Odev, Ibrahim Guler, Tamer Altinok, Sevgi Pekcan, Abdussamed Batur, Hüseyin Ozbiner
A number of diseases produce focal or multiple thin-walled or thick-walled air- or fluid-containing cysts or cavitary lung lesions in both infants and children. In infants and children, there is a spectrum of focal or multifocal cystic and cavitary lung lesions including congenital lobar emphysema, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, pleuropulmonary blastoma, bronchogenic cyst, pulmonary sequestration, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, airway diseases, infectious diseases (bacterial infection, fungal infection, etc...
2013: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
Na Rae Kim, Joungho Han
Pulmonary cystic and cavitary lesions caused by diverse etiologies are commonly encountered in chest imaging. The terms "cyst" and "cavity" are used to describe air-filled regions in the center of a nodule or consolidation of the lung. To date, only radiologic aspects of these lesions have been addressed. The morphologies of pulmonary cystic and cavitary lesions exhibit a broad spectrum, ranging from benign to malignant pulmonary diseases of acquired or congenital origin, including variable infectious diseases...
October 2012: Korean Journal of Pathology
A Jaffe, A D Calder, C M Owens, S Stanojevic, S Sonnappa
BACKGROUND: The incidence of empyema in children is increasing worldwide. While there are emerging data for the best treatment options, there is little evidence to support the imaging modalities used to guide treatment, particularly with regard to the role of routine CT scanning. The aims of this study were to develop a radiological scoring system for paediatric empyema and to assess the utility of routine CT scanning in this disease. METHODS: Children with empyema were prospectively enrolled over a 3-year period into a randomised clinical trial of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery versus percutaneous chest drain insertion and urokinase...
October 2008: Thorax
K Rekha Devi, Kanwar Narain, S Bhattacharya, K Negmu, Takeshi Agatsuma, David Blair, S Wickramashinghe, J Mahanta
In the northeastern region of India, paragonimiasis is emerging as an important public health problem. However, until now the identity of the species causing human infection has been uncertain and there has been little information on the prevalence and clinicoradiological features of infection in the community. Parasitological and immunological surveys revealed that paragonimiasis was hyperendemic in parts of Arunachal Pradesh. Egg positivity in the sputum was 20.9% and 4.1% in children (age </=15 years) and adults (age >15 years), respectively...
August 2007: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Daniel Levine, Jonathan Akikusa, David Manson, Earl Silverman, Rayfel Schneider
BACKGROUND: Although pulmonary involvement occurs in the majority of children and adolescents with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG), relatively little has been published regarding the CT imaging manifestations in this group of patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and types of chest CT abnormalities in active pediatric WG (pWG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a retrospective examination of 29 chest CT examinations performed at diagnosis (n=14) and during disease flares (n=15) in 18 children...
January 2007: Pediatric Radiology
M Hodina, S Hanquinet, J Cotting, P Schnyder, F Gudinchet
The aim of this study was to illustrate the chest radiographs (CR) and CT imaging features and sequential findings of cavitary necrosis in complicated childhood pneumonia. Among 30 children admitted in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit for persistent or progressive pneumonia, respiratory distress or sepsis despite adequate antibiotic therapy, a study group of 9 children (5 girls and 4 boys; mean age 4 years) who had the radiographic features and CT criteria for cavitary necrosis complicated pneumonia was identified...
February 2002: European Radiology
Anne P Tan Kendrick, Ho Ling, Ramnath Subramaniam, Vijeyakaran T Joseph
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of CT in complicated childhood pneumonia and its role in early intervention when chest radiography (CXR) is non-contributory. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two immunocompetent children, aged 1-11 years, admitted for community-acquired pneumonia from October 1997 to September 1999, had 42 contrast-enhanced CT scans and frontal chest radiographs on the same day, which were assessed independently. CT was performed when the patient remained unwell and the CXR images showed failure of resolution despite 7-10 days of antibiotics and/or drainage with urokinase therapy...
January 2002: Pediatric Radiology
M Pursner, J O Haller, W E Berdon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper was to review the imaging features of Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex (MAC) in 16 pediatric patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the pertinent clinical records of 16 children diagnosed with MAC between January 1990 and June 1998. These 16 cases were blood- or biopsy-proven to have MAC infection. Their plain films, abdominal, and chest CT scans were then reviewed and the findings were analyzed with reference to the few reported cases of children with MAC...
June 2000: Pediatric Radiology
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