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Sergio Romagnani
The interleukin (IL)-4-induced gene1 (IL4I1), which encodes the L-amino acid oxidase enzyme, plays an important immunoregulatory role. Indeed, this enzyme which is produced by B cells-including neoplastic B cells-dendritic cells and macrophages has been shown to inhibit proliferation, cytotoxicity and IFN-γ production by tumor-infiltrating CD8(+) T cells, thus favoring tumor escape. Moreover, the same gene has been found to be constitutively expressed by CD4(+) T helper 17 (Th17) cells, where it down-regulates cell proliferation through a reduction of CD3 chains expression in the T-cell receptor complex, thus impairing IL-2 production, and by maintaining in the same cells a high expression of Tob1, which inhibits cell cycle entry, through a still unknown mechanism...
October 2016: European Journal of Immunology
Jie Dong, Qiang Ma
Pulmonary exposure to certain forms of carbon nanotubes (CNT) induces fibrosing lesions in the lungs that manifest an acute inflammation followed by chronic interstitial fibrosis. The mechanism of CNT-induced fibrogenesis is largely unknown. The biphasic development with drastically distinct pathologic manifestations suggests a junction of acute-to-chronic transition. Here we analyzed the molecular pathways and regulators underlying the pathologic development of CNT-induced lung fibrosis. Mice were exposed to multi-walled CNT (MWCNT; XNRI MWNT-7, Mitsui; 40 μg) by pharyngeal aspiration for 7 days along with vehicle and carbonaceous controls...
September 2016: Archives of Toxicology
Wenwen Yan, Haoming Song, Jinfa Jiang, Wenjun Xu, Zhu Gong, Qianglin Duan, Chuangrong Li, Yuan Xie, Lemin Wang
The current study aimed to identify differentially expressed B cell‑associated genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and observe the changes in B cell activation at different stages of coronary artery disease. Groups of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stable angina (SA), as well as healthy volunteers, were recruited into the study (n=20 per group). Whole human genome microarray analysis was performed to examine the expression of B cell‑associated genes among these three groups...
May 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Yinpu Yue, Wei Huang, Jingjing Liang, Jing Guo, Jian Ji, Yunliang Yao, Mingzhu Zheng, Zhijian Cai, Linrong Lu, Jianli Wang
Interleukin 4-induced gene-1 (IL4I1) was initially described as an early IL-4-inducible gene in B cells. IL4I1 protein can inhibit T cell proliferation by releasing its enzymatic catabolite, H2O2, and this effect is associated with transient down-regulation of T cell CD3 receptor-zeta (TCRζ) expression. Herein, we show that IL4I1 contributes to the regulation of macrophage programming. We found that expression of IL4I1 increased during bone marrow-derived macrophage (BMDM) differentiation, expression of IL4I1 is much higher in primary macrophages than monocytes, and IL4I1 expression in BMDMs could be induced by Th1 and Th2 cytokines in two different patterns...
2015: PloS One
Stéphane Kerbrat, Benoit Vingert, Marie-Pierre Junier, Flavia Castellano, François Renault-Mihara, Silvina Dos Reis Tavares, Mathieu Surenaud, France Noizat-Pirenne, Jorge Boczkowski, Georges Guellaën, Hervé Chneiweiss, Sabine Le Gouvello
TCR-dependent and costimulation signaling, cell division, and cytokine environment are major factors driving cytokines expression induced by CD4(+) T cell activation. PEA-15 15 (Protein Enriched in Astrocyte / 15 kDa) is an adaptor protein that regulates death receptor-induced apoptosis and proliferation signaling by binding to FADD and relocating ERK1/2 to the cytosol, respectively. By using PEA-15-deficient mice, we examined the role of PEA-15 in TCR-dependent cytokine production in CD4(+) T cells. TCR-stimulated PEA-15-deficient CD4(+) T cells exhibited defective progression through the cell cycle associated with impaired expression of cyclin E and phosphoRb, two ERK1/2-dependent proteins of the cell cycle...
2015: PloS One
Lei Zhang, Peng Li, Ranran Liu, Maiqing Zheng, Yan Sun, Dan Wu, Yaodong Hu, Jie Wen, Guiping Zhao
The genetic improvement of disease resistance in poultry continues to be a challenge. To identify candidate genes and loci responsible for these traits, genome-wide association studies using the chicken 60k high density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array for six immune traits, total serum immunoglobulin Y (IgY) level, numbers of, and the ratio of heterophils and lymphocytes, and antibody responses against Avian Influenza Virus (AIV) and Sheep Red Blood Cell (SRBC), were performed. RT-qPCR was used to quantify the relative expression of the identified candidate genes...
2015: PloS One
Céline Cousin, Aude Aubatin, Sabine Le Gouvello, Lionel Apetoh, Flavia Castellano, Valérie Molinier-Frenkel
IL4I1 (interleukin-4-induced gene 1) is a phenylalanine oxidase produced mainly by APCs of myeloid origin, and converts phenylalanine (Phe) to phenylpyruvate, hydrogen peroxide, and ammonia. We have previously shown that IL4I1 is highly expressed by tumor-associated macrophages from various human cancers and facilitates immune evasion from the cytotoxic response in a murine tumor model. Indeed, IL4I1 inhibits T-cell proliferation via hydrogen peroxide toxicity on effector/memory T cells. Here, we explored the effect of IL4I1 on naïve CD4(+) T-cell differentiation...
June 2015: European Journal of Immunology
B Houston, B Curry, R J Aitken
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are known to play an important role in the regulation of human sperm function. In this study, we demonstrate for the first time that human spermatozoa possess interleukin-induced gene 1 (IL4I1), an l-amino acid oxidase (LAAO) which is capable of generating ROS on exposure to aromatic amino acids in the presence of oxygen. The preferred substrates were found to be phenylalanine and tryptophan while the enzyme was located in the acrosomal region and midpiece of these cells. In contrast to equine and bovine spermatozoa, enzyme activity was lost as soon as the spermatozoa became non-viable...
June 2015: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Clara-Maria Scarlata, Clotilde Celse, Pascale Pignon, Maha Ayyoub, Danila Valmori
IL4I1 encodes an L-phenylalanine oxidase that inhibits T-cell proliferation. It has been recently reported that IL4I1 is expressed in TH17 cells as part of a mechanism that limits their pathogenicity. We have previously identified a population of human FOXP3(+) Treg cells that secrete IL-17 ex vivo; here, we addressed the expression of IL4I1 in that Treg-cell population. We found that in ex vivo isolated circulating Treg cells, IL4I1 expression is induced by activation. Moreover, IL4I1 expression is restricted to cells that do not express Helios, a transcription factor that characterizes natural Treg cells, but that express Aiolos, which is involved in the differentiation of TH17 and induced Treg cells...
February 2015: European Journal of Immunology
Tatsuya Shishido, Masami Hachisuka, Kai Ryuzaki, Yuko Miura, Atsushi Tanabe, Yasuaki Tamura, Tomoe Kusayanagi, Toshifumi Takeuchi, Shinji Kamisuki, Fumio Sugawara, Hiroeki Sahara
While the presentation mechanism of antigenic peptides derived from exogenous proteins by MHC class II molecules is well understood, relatively little is known about the presentation mechanism of endogenous MHC class II-restricted antigens. We therefore screened a chemical library of 200 compounds derived from natural products to identify inhibitors of the presentation of endogenous MHC class II-restricted antigens. We found that pyrenocine B, a compound derived from the fungus Pyrenochaeta terrestris, inhibits presentation of endogenous MHC class II-restricted minor histocompatibility antigen IL-4 inducible gene 1 (IL4I1) by primary dendritic cells (DCs)...
November 2014: European Journal of Immunology
Veronica Santarlasci, Laura Maggi, Alessio Mazzoni, Manuela Capone, Valentina Querci, Maria Caterina Rossi, Luca Beltrame, Duccio Cavalieri, Raffaele De Palma, Francesco Liotta, Lorenzo Cosmi, Enrico Maggi, Sergio Romagnani, Francesco Annunziato
Human Th17 cells have a limited proliferative capacity compared to other T-cell subsets. We have shown that human Th17 cells display impaired IL-2 production due to IL-4-induced gene 1 (IL4I1) upregulation. Here, we show that in human Th17 cells, IL4I1 also maintains high levels of Tob1, a member of the Tob/BTG (B-cell traslocation gene) antiproliferative protein family, which prevents cell-cycle progression mediated by TCR stimulation. Indeed, Th17 cells exhibited higher levels of Tob1 than Th1 cells in both resting and TCR-activated conditions...
March 2014: European Journal of Immunology
Francesco Annunziato, Veronica Santarlasci, Laura Maggi, Lorenzo Cosmi, Francesco Liotta, Sergio Romagnani
T helper 17 (Th17) cells have been reported to be responsible for several chronic inflammatory diseases. However, a peculiar feature of human Th17 cells is that they are very rare in the inflammatory sites in comparison with Th1 cells. The first reason for this rarity is the existence of some self-regulatory mechanisms that limit their expansion. The limited expansion of human Th17 cells is related to the retinoic acid orphan (ROR)C-dependent up-regulation of the interleukin (IL)-4 induced gene 1 (IL4I1), which encodes for a l-phenylalanine oxidase, that has been shown to down-regulate CD3ζ expression in T cells...
November 15, 2013: Seminars in Immunology
Marie-Line Puiffe, Isabelle Lachaise, Valérie Molinier-Frenkel, Flavia Castellano
L-amino acid oxidases (LAAO) are flavoproteins that catalyze the oxidative deamination of L-amino acids to a keto-acid along with the production of H₂O₂ and ammonia. Interleukin 4 induced gene 1 (IL4I1) is a secreted LAAO expressed by macrophages and dendritic cells stimulated by microbial derived products or interferons, which is endowed with immunoregulatory properties. It is the first LAAO described in mammalian innate immune cells. In this work, we show that this enzyme blocks the in vitro and in vivo growth of Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria...
2013: PloS One
Francesco Annunziato, Lorenzo Cosmi, Francesco Liotta, Enrico Maggi, Sergio Romagnani
T helper (Th) 17 cells represent a third effector arm of CD4 T cells and complement the function of the Th1 and Th2 cell lineages. Here, we provide an overview of the transcription factors, cytokines, chemokines, and cytokine and chemokine receptors that characterize the Th17 cell phenotype. Data relevant for human Th17 cells are emphasized, with a focus on the function of two markers that have recently been associated with human Th17 cells, CD161 and interleukin-4-induced gene 1 (IL4I1). Also considered is the basis of Th17 cell plasticity towards the Th1 lineage, and we suggest that this plasticity together with the limited expansion of Th17 cells in response to T cell receptor (TCR) triggering accounts for the rarity of human Th17 cells in inflamed tissues...
October 2012: Trends in Immunology
Veronica Santarlasci, Laura Maggi, Manuela Capone, Valentina Querci, Luca Beltrame, Duccio Cavalieri, Elena D'Aiuto, Rolando Cimaz, Angela Nebbioso, Francesco Liotta, Raffaele De Palma, Enrico Maggi, Lorenzo Cosmi, Sergio Romagnani, Francesco Annunziato
The reason why CD4(+) T helper 17 (Th17) cells, despite their well-known pathogenic role in chronic inflammatory disorders, are very rare in the inflammatory sites remains unclear. We demonstrate that human Th17 cells exhibit low ability to proliferate and to produce the T cell growth factor interleukin-2 (IL-2), in response to combined CD3 and CD28 stimulation. This was due to the upregulated expression of IL-4-induced gene 1 (IL4I1) mRNA, a secreted L-phenylalanine oxidase, which associated with a decrease in CD3ζ chain expression and consequent abnormalities in the molecular pathway that allows IL-2 production and cell proliferation...
February 24, 2012: Immunity
Fanette Lasoudris, Céline Cousin, Armelle Prevost-Blondel, Nadine Martin-Garcia, Issam Abd-Alsamad, Nicolas Ortonne, Jean-Pierre Farcet, Flavia Castellano, Valérie Molinier-Frenkel
The L-phenylalanine oxidase IL4I1 inhibits T-cell proliferation in vitro through H(2) O(2) production, and is highly expressed in tumor-associated macrophages. IL4I1 is also detected by immunohistochemistry in neoplastic cells from several B-cell lymphomas and some non-lymphoid tumors. To evaluate IL4I1's effect on tumor growth, we developed a mouse melanoma model constitutively coexpressing IL4I1 and the GP33 epitope. After GP33 vaccination, tumors developed more frequently in mice injected with IL4I1-expressing cells in comparison with mice receiving control cells...
June 2011: European Journal of Immunology
Austin L Hughes
L-amino acid oxidases (LAOs), because they produce hydrogen peroxide as a by-product, function in innate immune defenses of both vertebrates and mollusks. Phylogenetic analysis revealed two major subfamilies of LAOs: (1) a subfamily including LAOs from vertebrates and mainly from Terrabacteria and (2) a subfamily including LAOs from mollusks and Hydrobacteria. These subfamilies thus originated early in the history of life, implying that their innate immune functions in vertebrates and mollusks have evolved separately...
December 2010: Immunogenetics
Jeanine Marquet, Fanette Lasoudris, Céline Cousin, Marie-Line Puiffe, Nadine Martin-Garcia, Véronique Baud, Fanny Chereau, Jean-Pierre Farcet, Valérie Molinier-Frenkel, Flavia Castellano
MPhi and DC are key elements in the control of tissue homeostasis and response to insult. In this work, we demonstrate that MPhi and DC are the major producers of the phenylalanine catabolizing enzyme IL-4-induced gene 1 (IL4I1) under inflammatory conditions. IL4I1 was first described in B cells, which indeed can produce IL4I1 in vitro, although at much lower levels. In vivo, IL4I1 is highly expressed by MPhi and DC of Th1 granulomas (sarcoidosis, tuberculosis) but poorly detected in Th2 granulomas (schistosomiasis)...
September 2010: European Journal of Immunology
A Carbonnelle-Puscian, C Copie-Bergman, M Baia, N Martin-Garcia, Y Allory, C Haioun, A Crémades, I Abd-Alsamad, J-P Farcet, P Gaulard, F Castellano, V Molinier-Frenkel
We previously reported a strong IL4I1 gene expression in primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) and recently identified the protein as a secreted L-phenylalanine oxidase, physiologically expressed by myeloid cells, which inhibits T-cell proliferation in vitro. Here, we analyzed the pattern of IL4I1 protein expression in 315 human lymphoid and non-lymphoid malignancies. Besides PMBL, IL4I1 expression in tumors was very frequent. IL4I1 was detected in tumor-associated macrophages from most of the tumors and in neoplastic cells from follicular lymphoma, classic and nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphomas and small lymphocytic lymphoma, three of which are germinal center derived...
May 2009: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Antonio Julià, Jason Moore, Laia Miquel, Cayetano Alegre, Pere Barceló, Marylyn Ritchie, Sara Marsal
Altered synovial fibroblast (SF) transcriptional activity is a key factor in the disease progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). To determine the transcriptional regulatory network associated with SF response to an RA proinflammatory stimulus we applied a CARRIE reverse engineering approach to microarray gene expression data from SFs treated with RA synovial fluid. The association of the inferred gene network with RA susceptibility was further analyzed by a case-control study of promoter single-nucleotide polymorphisms, and the presence of epistatic interactions was determined using the multifactor dimensionality reduction methodology...
July 2007: Genomics
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