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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316947/diagnostic-utility-of-ct-in-differentiating-between-ruptured-ovarian-corpus-luteal-cyst-and-ruptured-ectopic-pregnancy-with-hemorrhage
#1
Xiaohong Liu, Litao Song, Jian Wang, Qin Liu, Yingna Liu, Xin Zhang
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the performance of computed tomography (CT) as a diagnostic aid to differentiate between ruptured ovarian corpus luteal cyst (ROCLC) and ruptured ectopic pregnancy with hemorrhage (REPWH). METHODS: A total of 36 patients treated at our hospitals for ROCLC and REPWH from June 2014 to August 2017 were included in this study. Based on the diagnosis, the study population was divided into ROCLC group (n = 21) and REPWH group (n = 15). CT scans were performed for all patients prior to treatment...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316041/bilateral-tubo-ovarian-abscesses-presenting-with-huge-pelvic-mass-after-repeated-intrauterine-inseminations-in-a-woman-with-severe-endometriosis
#2
Patsama Vichinsartvichai
A 32-year-old woman consulted for an evaluation of pelvic pain following intrauterine insemination (IUI). Vaginal and abdominal sonography, septic workup were performed and laparoscopic surgery was scheduled after failure to respond to a course of antibiotics. During laparoscopic surgery, bilateral tubo-ovarian abscesses arising on the endometriotic cysts of both ovaries were identified with a vast amount of brownish peritoneal fluid under the adhesion of the greater omentum. Bilateral ovarian cystectomy, right salpingectomy and lysis adhesion were performed...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313317/laparoscopic-excision-of-an-unusual-presentation-of-a-nabothian-cyst-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Joseph Nassif, Hasan Nahoul, Ali Mourad, Ryan Yammine, Sally Khoury, Ali Khalil
Nabothian cysts are mucinous retention cysts formed through the accumulation of cervical mucus inside blocked cervical crypts leading to non-neoplastic mucinous cystic lesion in relation to the uterine cervix. The formation of Nabothian cysts is a common gynecological benign condition in women of reproductive age. While the presence of small-sized Nabothian cysts is usually clinically asymptomatic and requires no treatment or intervention, the diagnosis of larger Nabothian cysts can be mistaken with malignant tumors, including mucin producing carcinomas such as Adenoma malignum...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289624/laparoscopic-approach-for-shull-repair-of-pelvic-floor-defects
#4
Stefano Restaino, Carlo Ronsini, Angelo Finelli, Alessandro Santarelli, Giovanni Scambia, Francesco Fanfani
Study Objective To prove the feasibility of Shull technique by a laparoscopy approach in patient affected by pelvic organ prolapse (POP) with apical loss of support. Design A step-by-step demonstration of the technique in a surgical video, including the fundamental steps for a laparoscopic uterosacral ligament suspension (USLS) (Canadian Task Force Classification III). Setting According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, approximately 3% of women in the United States report symptoms linked to POP...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286564/denosumab-treatment-in-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-evaluation-of-nine-cases
#5
Nilgun Kurucu, Canan Akyuz, Fatma Bilge Ergen, Bilgehan Yalcin, Kemal Kosemehmetoglu, Mehmet Ayvaz, Ali Varan, Burca Aydin, Tezer Kutluk
BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is a benign bone tumor. Curettage and bone grafting is the common treatment. Here, we retrospectively evaluate nine patients treated with denosumab. PROCEDURE: Nine patients with ABC, mostly pelvic and vertebral, treated with denosumab were analyzed retrospectively. A 70 mg/m2 denosumab dose was used weekly in the first month, and then monthly. Clinical and radiological responses to treatment were evaluated. RESULTS: In all patients, clinical symptoms including pain and limping regressed completely within 3 months...
December 29, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280706/renal-endometriosis-mimicking-complicated-cysts-of-kidney-report-of-two-cases
#6
D Giambelluca, D Albano, E Giambelluca, A Bruno, F Panzuto, A Agrusa, G Di Buono, F Cannizzaro, Cesare Gagliardo, M Midiri, R Lagalla, G Salvaggio
Endometriosis is a common gynecologic disorder characterized by ectopic endometrial tissue growth outside the uterine cavity. Although usually occurring in pelvic organs, endometrial lesions may involve urinary tract. Renal endometriosis is extremely rare and it has only occasionally been reported in the past. We report two cases of patients with renal cystic lesions, incidentally found at imaging techniques during oncologic follow-up for gastric sarcoma and melanoma, initially misinterpreted as complicated haemorrhagic cysts and then histologically characterized as renal localizations of extragenital endometriosis...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248836/a-case-report-primary-hydatid-cyst-of-uterus
#7
Farzad Kakaei, Touraj Asvadi Kermani, Kawsar Tarvirdizade
INTRODUCTION: Echinococcus granulosus is a parasitic tape worm. The definitive host is the dog and humans are one of its intermediate hosts. It involves organs such as liver and lungs. Uterus involvement is very rare. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We here report a case of primary uterus hydatid cyst that we had to remove her uterine on left ovary and fallopian tube. Generalized toxic shock and infection due to cyst rupture or organ dysfunction due to invasion (like our patient) or pressure of cyst are complications of this cyst...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237906/clinical-efficacy-of-preoperative-vaginal-intracavitary-irradiation-for-stage-ib2-and-iia-cervical-cancer
#8
Fengshuang Li, Yumei Wu, Weimin Kong, Jiandong Wang, Xia Hao, Juwei Niu, Laifu Bai
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of preoperative vaginal intracavitary irradiation for Stage Ib2 and IIa cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2008 to June 2014, data from 78 Stage Ib2 and IIa cervical cancer patients (age ≤75 years) with a diameter of local lesions >4 cm were collected in our hospital. Before treatment, all cases were confirmed by biopsy. The patients' general state was good, Karnofsky Performance Score ≥90, heart and lung functioning was normal, and patients were able to tolerate the surgery...
2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230250/mesenchymal-stromal-cells-are-more-immunosuppressive-in-vitro-if-they-are-derived-from-endometriotic-lesions-than-from-eutopic-endometrium
#9
Fawaz Abomaray, Sebastian Gidlöf, Cecilia Götherström
Endometriosis is an inflammatory disease with predominance of immunosuppressive M2 macrophages in the pelvic cavity that could be involved in the pathology through support and immune escape of ectopic lesions. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are found in ectopic lesions, and MSC from nonendometriosis sources are known to induce M2 macrophages. Therefore, MSC were hypothesized to play a role in the pathology of endometriosis. The aim was to characterize the functional phenotype of MSC in ectopic and eutopic endometrium from women with endometriosis...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215508/opioid-knowledge-and-prescribing-practices-among-obstetrician-gynecologists
#10
Annetta M Madsen, Lauren M Stark, Phinnara Has, Jenna B Emerson, Jay Schulkin, Kristen A Matteson
OBJECTIVE: To describe obstetrician-gynecologists' (ob-gyns) knowledge and prescribing practices regarding opioid analgesics. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of a national sample of American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Fellows and Junior Fellows who are part of the Collaborative Ambulatory Research Network. We used a sequential mixed-method approach. We collected data on opioid knowledge and typical prescribing practices, including number, type, and indication for prescriptions...
January 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215392/physiologic-uptake-of-18f-fdg-in-transposed-ovaries-may-mimic-metastasis-on-18f-fdg-pet-ct-imaging
#11
Tima Davidson, Orna Komisar, Jacob Korach, Shira Felder, Sara Apter, Simona Ben-Haim, Tamar Perri
BACKGROUND: Ovarian transposition is aimed at preserving ovarian function before irradiation in pelvic malignancies. The extrapelvic location of the ovaries and their physiologic fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG)-uptake is a potential source of misdiagnosis as metastasis on F-FDG PET/CT. We describe the F-FDG PET/CT characteristics of transposed ovaries and their changes over time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed F-FDG PET/CT studies of all consecutive women with pelvic malignancies who underwent ovarian transposition between 2007 and 2013...
December 5, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203942/inguinal-herniation-of-a-mineralized-paraprostatic-cyst-in-a-dog
#12
Kyle P Vititoe, Federico Vilaplana Grosso, Stephanie Thomovsky, Chee Kin Lim, Hock Gan Heng
A firm mass was noted in the right inguinal subcutaneous region of an 11-year-old intact male Labrador retriever dog presented for right pelvic limb weakness. Pelvic radiographs showed 2 large ovoid structures with circumferential thin eggshell-like mineralization in the right external inguinal region. The structures were confirmed sonographically, and on magnetic resonance imaging as a large folded herniated mineralized paraprostatic cyst through a defect in the right inguinal wall. To the author's knowledge, this is the first published report of an inguinal herniated mineralized paraprostatic cyst...
December 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187222/unusual-presentation-of-plasmablastic-lymphoma-involving-ovarian-mature-cystic-teratoma-a-case-report
#13
Ita Hadžisejdić, Emina Babarović, Luka Vranić, Antica Duletić Načinović, Ksenija Lučin, Maja Krašević, Nives Jonjić
BACKGROUND: Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is relatively new clinical entity described as a distinct subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). It is characterized by its aggressive nature and proliferation of large neoplastic cells resembling immunoblasts including cells with more obvious plasmacytic differentiation. In this case report, we describe an unexpected finding of PBL associated with a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary in a young immune competent woman. CASE PRESENTATION: A 19-year old woman was admitted to the hospital with generalized lymphadenopathy, a pelvic tumor mass measuring 35 × 30 cm and a 4 cm lump in her right breast...
November 29, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181213/therapeutic-management-of-a-substantial-pelvic-aneurysmatic-bone-cyst-including-the-off-label-use-of-denosumab-in-a-35-year-old-female-patient
#14
D Ntalos, M Priemel, C Schlickewei, D M Thiesen, J M Rueger, A S Spiro
Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC) are benign bone tumors, which are highly vascularized. The main course of treatment is curettage followed by bone grafting or cement insertion. Still recurrence remains a main problem for patients. Denosumab is a monoclonal antibody, which acts as an inhibitor of the RANK/RANKL pathway, diminishing bone turnover. Recent case reports have shown that Denosumab can be a promising therapeutic agent for people suffering from therapy-resistant ABC. We report the case of a 35-year-old female patient presenting with a pronounced ABC of the pelvis...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141456/increased-serum-levels-of-mbdnf-in-women-with-minimal-and-mild-endometriosis-have-no-predictive-power-for-the-disease
#15
Alexandra Perricos, Kazem Ashjaei, Heinrich Husslein, Katharina Proestling, Lorenz Kuessel, Reinhard Obwegeser, Rene Wenzl, Iveta Yotova
The objective of our pilot clinical, prospective study was to determine the serum levels of mature brain-derived neurotrophic factor, in of women with endometriosis and controls and explore whether mature brain-derived neurotrophic factor is a potential biomarker for the disease. The patients were selected from the Endometriosis Marker Austria prospective cohort study conducted at the tertiary referral certified Endometriosis Center of the Medical University of Vienna. All women underwent laparoscopic surgery because there was a suspicion of endometriosis, or the women had pelvic pain, adnexal cysts, unexplained infertility, or uterine fibroids...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136686/-clinicopathologic-and-molecular-characteristics-of-malignant-gastrointestinal-neuroectodermal-tumors
#16
M Zhao, T W Zhao, J Ma, C Y Wu, L Chen, G Q Ru, X L He
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathologic and molecular characteristics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic and prognostic features of malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumor. Methods: Two cases of malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumor were retrieved; the clinical and radiologic features, histomorphology, immunophenotype, molecular genetics and prognosis were analyzed and the relevant literature reviewed. Results: Case 1 was a 57-year-old male, presented with recurrent abdominal pain and melena...
November 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121860/pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-associated-with-sunitinib-and-a-literature-review
#17
Yong Suk Lee, Jae Joon Han, Si-Young Kim, Chi Hoon Maeng
BACKGROUND: Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare self-limiting condition characterized by air-filled cysts within intestinal walls. Diagnosis should be prudent because it can mimic pneumoperitoneum leading to unnecessary treatment such as surgical exploration. Although various drugs including anti-neoplastic agents have been suggested as etiologies, cases related to sunitinib are sparse. Because of the rarity of this unusual side effect by sunitinib, we report the case report...
November 9, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114642/two-stage-treatment-of-a-large-pelvic-cystic-pseudotumor-in-a-metal-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty
#18
Umberto Cottino, Federico Dettoni, Salvatore Risitano, Antonio Marmotti, Roberto Rossi
The authors report a case of a huge cystic pseudotumor, surrounding a failed metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty (THA). The cyst surrounded the hip anteriorly, occupied part of the anterior portion of the thigh, and extended to the anterolateral aspect of the abdomen. The case was treated by a two-stage procedure. The first stage consisted of a percutaneous drainage of the fluid content of the cyst (∼1,200 mL). This procedure reduced the risk of tearing the cyst capsule spreading the liquid in the tissues surrounding the THA, and in the abdomen...
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108806/cerebral-infarcts-by-nonbacterial-thrombotic-endocarditis-associated-with-adenomyosis-a-case-report
#19
Byungseok Kim, Seong-Hoon Kim, Taewon Kim
We report a case of multiple embolic cerebral infarcts associated with nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) in a patient with adenomyosis. The patient presented with dysarthria, left perioral sensory change, and left-hand weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple vascular territory infarctions involving the bilateral cerebellum and the right precentral gyrus. Magnetic resonance angiography was normal. d-Dimer, carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9, and CA125 levels were elevated. Abdominal and pelvic computed tomography with iodine contrast enhancement revealed a huge adenomyosis with left ovarian cyst...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081463/the-expression-of-cyclophilin-a-in-ovarian-endometrioma-its-correlation-with-recurrence-and-vascularity
#20
Akin Usta, Gulay Turan, Ertan Adali
Endometriosis is defined as the presence of functional endometrial tissues outside of the uterine cavity. Ovarian endometrioma is the most common type of endometriosis. It is an estrogen-dependent inflammatory disease that frequently causes infertility and chronic pelvic pain. Cyclophilin A (CyPA) is secreted from various types of cells in response to inflammatory stimuli. Many previous studies have shown that the increased expression and/or heightened plasma levels of CyPA exacerbates inflammation. The aim of this study is to evaluate CyPA immunoreactivity in ovarian endometrioma cyst wall...
October 2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
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