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Pelvic cyst

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632562/degenerative-changes-of-the-facet-joints-in-adults-with-lumbar-spondylolysis
#1
Yuichiro Goda, Toshinori Sakai, Taihei Harada, Shoichiro Takao, Yoichiro Takata, Kosaku Higashino, Masafumi Harada, Koichi Sairyo
STUDY DESIGN: Radiologic analysis using computed tomography. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the degenerative changes of the facet joints in patients with spondylolysis in comparison with control subjects. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Defects of the pars interarticularis are thought to result in a reduction of biomechanical stress on adjacent facet joints. Therefore, degenerative changes of the facet joints in patients with spondylolysis are expected to be less than those in patients without spondylolysis...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630221/retrorectal-tumour-simulating-vaginal-birth-an-exceptional-case-of-emergency-surgery-indication
#2
Eduardo Alvarez-Sarrado, Salvador Pous-Serrano, Omar Carreño Saenz, Jose Pamies-Gilabert
Cystic retrorectal tumours are a very rare entity that pose a problem in differential diagnosis between congenital cyst and other lesions. We present a 49-year-old female patient presenting a perineal bulge which was discovered simulating a vaginal birth associated with prolapsed haemorrhoids grade IV. The interest of this case resides in the surgical indication of a big presacral cyst demonstrated via CT causing acute intense pain due to pelvic organ compression, as no emergent surgery management has been reported up to date...
June 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624501/new-biomarkers-for-diagnosis-and-management-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#3
REVIEW
Sidika E Karakas
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder affecting young women. Even though the definition of PCOS has changed over the years, all diagnostic criteria include two or more of the following: oligomenorrhea/oligoovulation/anovulation, androgen excess and polycystic ovaries (PCO). Traditional method of assessing the ovarian morphology has been transvaginal pelvic ultrasound. Recent studies support that serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels correlate with the number of ovarian follicles and cysts...
June 14, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603475/oophoropexy-for-ovarian-torsion-a-new-easier-technique
#4
Tamer A Hosny
BACKGROUND: Oophoropexy for ovarian torsion is easy to be done by many tools either suturing to the lateral pelvic wall, plication of the ovarian ligament or even fixation to the back of the uterus, but it is little bit difficult to do it for pregnant women with less manipulation. OBJECTIVE: We propose that using trocar site closure needle can be easier and faster technique to do this. To assess the feasibility of using the trocar site closure needle to do oophoropexy in ovarian torsion and its possible applicability...
2017: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587302/the-functions-of-microrna-200-family-in-ovarian-cancer-beyond-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#5
REVIEW
Pui-Wah Choi, Shu-Wing Ng
The majority of studies on microRNA-200 family members (miR-200s) in human cancers are based on the premise that miR-200s maintain epithelial cell integrity by suppressing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) through direct inhibition of mesenchymal transcription factors zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 1/2 (ZEB1/ZEB2) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), a potent inducer of EMT. Hence, downregulation of miR-200 in cancer cells promotes EMT and cancer metastasis. Yet, miR-200s are highly expressed in ovarian cancer, and ovarian cancer metastasizes primarily by dissemination within the pelvic cavity...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537693/surgical-management-of-female-paraurethral-cyst-with-concomitant-stress-urinary-incontinence
#6
Tarik Yonguc, Ibrahim Halil Bozkurt, Salih Polat, Serkan Yarimoglu, Ismail Gulden, Volkan Sen, Suleyman Minareci
Paraurethral cysts are usually asymptomatic and frequently detected incidentally during routine pelvic examination however, patients can present with complaints of a palpable cyst or with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and also dyspareunia. In most cases, diagnosis can be made on physical examination but for more detailed evaluation and to differentiate from malign lesions ultrasonography (US), voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG), computerized tomography (CT), or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can also be used...
May 23, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530481/hormone-replacement-therapy-in-pre-menopausal-women-undergoing-bilateral-salpingo-oophorectomy-for-benign-disease-a-review-of-practice
#7
Alison Richardson, Emily West, Mike Cust
Introduction The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline on the diagnosis and management of the menopause states that women who are likely to go through the menopause as a result of surgical treatment should be offered information about the menopause and the importance of starting hormonal replacement therapy before they have their treatment. Objectives To determine compliance with NICE guidelines at the Royal Derby Hospital. Study design We undertook a retrospective review of all pre-menopausal women undergoing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for benign pathology between 1 January 2016 and 30 June 2016...
January 1, 2017: Post Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528021/multicystic-peritoneal-mesothelioma-a-short-review
#8
Chi-Hao Zhang, Ji-Wei Yu, Meng Luo
Multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma (MCPM) is a rare neoplasm, predominantly affecting female patients during their reproductive years. The lesion is usually distributed diffusely in the abdomen and pelvis, but the peritoneum of the pelvic organs is the most common site. MCPM is composed of fluid-filled translucent cysts, connected by varying amounts of fibrous tissue, and lined by a layer of mesothelial cells. Because of the rarity of this disease, the pathogenesis and natural history of MCPM remain poorly understood and continuously debated...
March 31, 2017: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521913/a-6500-year-old-middle-neolithic-child-from-pollera-cave-liguria-italy-with-probable-multifocal-osteoarticular-tuberculosis
#9
Vitale S Sparacello, Charlotte A Roberts, Ammielle Kerudin, Romy Müller
Clear skeletal evidence of prehistoric tuberculosis (TB) is rare, especially in children. We describe and differentially diagnose the pathological changes displayed by a five-year-old child, Pollera 21 (PO21) dated to the Middle Neolithic of Liguria (Italy), or 5740±30 BP (Beta-409341; 6635-6453cal BP, 2σ, OxCal 4.2). PO21 shows a number of osteoarticular lesions, mainly of a lytic nature with very little bone proliferation: the vertebral column, the shoulder and pelvic girdles, and the ribcage are involved...
June 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521343/tarlov-cyst-causing-sacral-insufficiency-fracture
#10
Ross C Puffer, Marcus J Gates, William Copeland, William E Krauss, Jeremy Fogelson
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Tarlov cysts, also known as perineural cysts, have been described as meningeal dilations of the spinal nerve root sheath between the peri- and endoneurium at the dorsal root ganglion. Most often they are found in the sacrum involving the nerve roots. Normally asymptomatic, they have been reported to present with radiculopathy, paresthesias, and even urinary or bowel dysfunction. Sacral insufficiency has not been a well-documented presentation. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: The patient is a 38-year-old female who started to develop left low back pain and buttock pain that rapidly progressed into severe pain with some radiation down the posterior aspect of her left leg...
June 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514296/clinicopathological-features-and-differential-diagnosis-of-aggressive-angiomyxoma-of-the-female-pelvis-5-case-reports-and-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Hong Chen, Hongyan Zhao, Yan Xie, Mulan Jin
Aggressive angiomyxoma (AAM) is a rare mesenchymal tumor that usually occurs in the pelvis and perineum of young females. AAM can simulate Bartholin's gland cyst, abscess, lipoma, simple labial cyst, or other pelvic soft tissue tumors. Here we present five cases of AAM with mean age of 42. The patients mainly presented slow-growing mass in the abdomen and perineum (3 cases in the pelvis, 1 in the vulva, and 1 in the buttock). Color Doppler flow imaging revealed blood flow for the 3 pelvic lesions. Enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the other 2 cases showed the typical "swirled" or "layered" structure characteristic...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483737/primary-hydatid-cyst-mimicking-uterine-leiomyoma
#12
Nermin Koç
Here, we present a rare case of a hydatid cyst in a 25-year-old woman, mimicking a uterine leiomyoma. The patient was admitted with lower abdominal pain and tenesmus, and ultrasonographic examination revealed a 10×10 cm uniloculated mass with regular borders in the myometrium. The patient was operated with an initial diagnosis of a uterine leiomyoma with cystic degeneration, which was found to be hydatid cyst during frozen section and confirmed with the identification of protoscoleces during microscopy. This rare case report indicates the necessity of considering hydatid disease in the differential diagnosis of pelvic cysts, especially in endemic regions...
March 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480536/spectrums-and-outcomes-of-adnexal-torsion-at-different-ages
#13
Jie-Ling Feng, Ting Lei, Hong-Ning Xie, Li-Juan Li, Liu Du
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of ultrasound in the preoperative diagnosis of adnexal torsion and describe its histological spectrum and outcomes at different ages. METHODS: This study comprised a retrospective investigation of a data set that included 195 female patients with clinically suspected adnexal torsion between January 2010 and July 2015. Each patient received a detailed pelvic ultrasound examination by an experienced ultrasound examiner, and a definitive diagnosis was achieved via surgery...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474256/pediatric-imaging-in-dicer1-syndrome
#14
Marta Tijerin Bueno, Claudia Martínez-Ríos, Alejandro De la Puente Gregorio, Rayan A Ahyad, Anita Villani, Harriet Druker, Kalene van Engelen, Bailey Gallinger, Laura Aronoff, Ronald Grant, David Malkin, Mary-Louise C Greer
BACKGROUND: DICER1 syndrome, arising from a mutation in the DICER1 gene mapped to chromosome 14q32, is associated with an increased risk of a range of benign and malignant neoplasms. OBJECTIVE: To determine the spectrum of abnormalities and imaging characteristics in patients with DICER1 syndrome at a tertiary pediatric hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective analysis evaluated imaging in patients ≤18 years with DICER1 germline variants between January 2004 and July 2016...
May 4, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468515/pelvic-occupation-the-challenges-of-treating-a-symptomatic-tarlov-cyst
#15
Amad Khan, Holly Y Wilson, Davide Boeris, Richard Nelson
Tarlov (perineural) cysts are meningeal dilations of the posterior spinal nerve root sheath located in between the peri- and endoneurium. We present a patient with a symptomatic sacral Tarlov cyst and the technical challenges faced by surgically treating the lesion by disconnection of the cyst from the subarachnoid space.
May 4, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465851/borderline-clear-cell-adenofibroma-of-the-ovary
#16
Pilaiwan Kleebkaow, Apiwat Aue-Aungkul, Amornrat Temtanakitpaisan, Chumnan Kietpeerakool
Borderline clear cell tumors are extremely rare, and few cases have been reported in the literature. Herein, we present a case of borderline clear cell adenofibroma of the ovary in a 58-year-old woman who presented with a pelvic mass and constipation. Physical examination revealed a 10 cm solid midline pelvic mass. Computed tomography showed an 8 cm heterogeneous enhancing mass attached to the left posterolateral wall of the uterus. The patient's serum CA 125 levels were slightly elevated (80.9 U/ml)...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412839/awareness-and-knowledge-of-ovarian-cancer-symptoms-and-risk-factors-a-survey-of-jordanian-women
#17
Mazen Freij, Mohammad Al Qadire, Maysa Khadra, Mohammed ALBashtawy, Wael Tuqan, Mohammad Al Faqih, Ayoub Innabi, Abdul-Monim Batiha, Fadwa Alhalaiqa, Aida Abd El-Razek
Ovarian cancer accounts for 3% of all female cancers and has a high mortality rate among gynecological malignancies. Early diagnosis carries a high survival rate of 93%. So, this study was carried out to assess the knowledge and awareness of Jordanian women about ovarian cancer symptoms and risk factors. A cross-sectional survey design was used; 896 women completed the survey. The mean of total symptoms recognized was low at level of 3.2 ( SD = 2.7) out of 10. The three highest known symptoms among women were as follows: extreme fatigue (43...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409048/laparoscopic-reduction-and-closure-of-an-internal-hernia-secondary-to-gynecologic-surgery
#18
Takashi Sakamoto, Alan Kawarai Lefor
Internal hernia is a rare cause of bowel obstruction which often requires emergent surgery. In general, the preoperative diagnosis of internal hernia is difficult. The pelvic cavity has various spaces with the potential to result in a hernia, especially in females. In this report, we describe a patient with an internal hernia secondary to previous gynecologic surgery. A 49-year-old woman presented with acute abdominal pain and a history of previous right oophorectomy for a benign ovarian cyst. Computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed obstruction with strangulation and emergent laparoscopic exploration was performed...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407634/minimally-invasive-approach-for-treatment-of-seminal-vesicle-cyst-associated-with-ipsilateral-renal-agenesis
#19
Eyal Kord, Amnon Zisman, Abd Elhalim Darawsha, Nasib Dally, Paul H Noh, Amos Neheman
OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the clinical presentation and approach for the treatment of symptomatic seminal vesicle cyst associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis while presenting our experience with a series of 5 patients treated with minimally invasive surgery for Zinner syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between the years 2008 and 2016, we operated on 5 patients who presented with symptomatic seminal vesicle cyst and ipsilateral renal agenesis. Patients' charts and medical records were reviewed and compared with past published minimally invasive series...
April 14, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348779/unusual-case-of-pelvic-hydatid-cyst-of-broad-ligament-mimicking-an-ovarian-tumour
#20
Alaa Abdullah, Reema Alsafi, Jamshaid Iqbal, Vincent Rotimi
INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis of hydatid cyst in female genital tract is rare and difficult. A high degree of clinical suspicion is needed for pre-operative investigations to exclude hydatid cyst of female pelvis. The objective of this presentation is to highlight a pelvic hydatid cyst that presented as an ovarian tumour. CASE PRESENTATION: A 22-year-old female, presented with constipation and haematuria with acute urinary retention. On examination, a mass measuring 15×13 cm was palpable in the left iliac region reaching up to the umbilicus...
August 2016: JMM Case Reports
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