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Pelvic cyst

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141456/increased-serum-levels-of-mbdnf-in-women-with-minimal-and-mild-endometriosis-have-no-predictive-power-for-the-disease
#1
Alexandra Perricos, Kazem Ashjaei, Heinrich Husslein, Katharina Proestling, Lorenz Kuessel, Reinhard Obwegeser, Rene Wenzl, Iveta Yotova
The objective of our pilot clinical, prospective study was to determine the serum levels of mature brain-derived neurotrophic factor, in of women with endometriosis and controls and explore whether mature brain-derived neurotrophic factor is a potential biomarker for the disease. The patients were selected from the Endometriosis Marker Austria prospective cohort study conducted at the tertiary referral certified Endometriosis Center of the Medical University of Vienna. All women underwent laparoscopic surgery because there was a suspicion of endometriosis, or the women had pelvic pain, adnexal cysts, unexplained infertility, or uterine fibroids...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136686/-clinicopathologic-and-molecular-characteristics-of-malignant-gastrointestinal-neuroectodermal-tumors
#2
M Zhao, T W Zhao, J Ma, C Y Wu, L Chen, G Q Ru, X L He
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathologic and molecular characteristics, diagnostic, differential diagnostic and prognostic features of malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumor. Methods: Two cases of malignant gastrointestinal neuroectodermal tumor were retrieved; the clinical and radiologic features, histomorphology, immunophenotype, molecular genetics and prognosis were analyzed and the relevant literature reviewed. Results: Case 1 was a 57-year-old male, presented with recurrent abdominal pain and melena...
November 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121860/pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-associated-with-sunitinib-and-a-literature-review
#3
Yong Suk Lee, Jae Joon Han, Si-Young Kim, Chi Hoon Maeng
BACKGROUND: Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare self-limiting condition characterized by air-filled cysts within intestinal walls. Diagnosis should be prudent because it can mimic pneumoperitoneum leading to unnecessary treatment such as surgical exploration. Although various drugs including anti-neoplastic agents have been suggested as etiologies, cases related to sunitinib are sparse. Because of the rarity of this unusual side effect by sunitinib, we report the case report...
November 9, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114642/two-stage-treatment-of-a-large-pelvic-cystic-pseudotumor-in-a-metal-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty
#4
Umberto Cottino, Federico Dettoni, Salvatore Risitano, Antonio Marmotti, Roberto Rossi
The authors report a case of a huge cystic pseudotumor, surrounding a failed metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty (THA). The cyst surrounded the hip anteriorly, occupied part of the anterior portion of the thigh, and extended to the anterolateral aspect of the abdomen. The case was treated by a two-stage procedure. The first stage consisted of a percutaneous drainage of the fluid content of the cyst (∼1,200 mL). This procedure reduced the risk of tearing the cyst capsule spreading the liquid in the tissues surrounding the THA, and in the abdomen...
June 2017: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108806/cerebral-infarcts-by-nonbacterial-thrombotic-endocarditis-associated-with-adenomyosis-a-case-report
#5
Byungseok Kim, Seong-Hoon Kim, Taewon Kim
We report a case of multiple embolic cerebral infarcts associated with nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) in a patient with adenomyosis. The patient presented with dysarthria, left perioral sensory change, and left-hand weakness. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed multiple vascular territory infarctions involving the bilateral cerebellum and the right precentral gyrus. Magnetic resonance angiography was normal. d-Dimer, carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9, and CA125 levels were elevated. Abdominal and pelvic computed tomography with iodine contrast enhancement revealed a huge adenomyosis with left ovarian cyst...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081463/the-expression-of-cyclophilin-a-in-ovarian-endometrioma-its-correlation-with-recurrence-and-vascularity
#6
Akin Usta, Gulay Turan, Ertan Adali
Endometriosis is defined as the presence of functional endometrial tissues outside of the uterine cavity. Ovarian endometrioma is the most common type of endometriosis. It is an estrogen-dependent inflammatory disease that frequently causes infertility and chronic pelvic pain. Cyclophilin A (CyPA) is secreted from various types of cells in response to inflammatory stimuli. Many previous studies have shown that the increased expression and/or heightened plasma levels of CyPA exacerbates inflammation. The aim of this study is to evaluate CyPA immunoreactivity in ovarian endometrioma cyst wall...
October 2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076692/genital-tuberculosis-mimicking-carcinoma-ovary-can-ultrasound-guided-biopsy-be-a-resolution
#7
Nosheen Akhtar, Zartaj Hayat, Fatima Nazim
Genital tuberculosis mimicking carcinoma ovary is a well-known dilemma as there is no definitive serological or imaging modality for diagnosing abdominopelvic tuberculosis. A 20-years-old unmarried girl presented with complex adnexal mass, mild ascites and CA 125 >1000. Her staging laparotomy and frozen section was planned. Laparotomy revealed miliary tuberculosis and frozen section confirmed the diagnosis of tuberculosis. Patient was started with anti-tuberculosis treatment and follow up showed resolution of cysts...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030159/obstructive-m%C3%A3-llerian-anomalies-in-menstruating-adolescent-girls-a-report-of-22-cases
#8
Karina Kapczuk, Zbigniew Friebe, Kinga Iwaniec, Witold Kędzia
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical course of obstructive Müllerian anomalies found in girls after menarche DESIGN: A retrospective case series of adolescents who between 2009 and 2016 were treated for vaginal or uterine obstructive malformations diagnosed after menarche SETTING: Division of Gynecology, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two patients who, at the age of 11.4-18.2 (median 13.1) years, between 2 and 74 (median 7.5) months after menarche, underwent surgical repair of obstructive genital anomaly MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Müllerian defect type, presentation, radiologic findings, pre- and postoperative course RESULTS: Eighteen patients (81...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017382/which-factors-are-associated-with-the-recurrence-of-endometrioma-after-cystectomy
#9
Mehmet Küçükbaş, Meryem Kurek Eken, Gülşah İlhan, Taylan Şenol, Dilşad Herkiloğlu, Bilge Kapudere
Endometrioma is the most common form of endometriosis and is a sign of wide-spread disease in symptomatic patients. Medical treatment options can be successful in endometrioma smaller than 1 cm, but ineffective for growing and symptomatic endometriomas. Conservative surgical interventions that preserve fertility, such as laparoscopic removal or destruction of endometriotic tissue or aspiration of cystic content are typically used to treat the condition. One of the most frustrating aspects of endometrioma treatment is disease recurrence...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016495/a-gartner-duct-cyst-masquerading-as-anterior-vaginal-prolapse
#10
Emily R W Davidson, Matthew D Barber
BACKGROUND: Gartner duct cysts are embryologic remnants of the mesonephric ducts that may present as a vaginal mass or cyst. CASE: A patient was referred for surgical management of prolapse whose bulging anterior vagina was actually a Gartner duct cyst that required excision as a result of symptoms. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging helped confirm the diagnosis. CONCLUSION: A Gartner duct cyst may present as a vaginal cyst that, if large, may mimic pelvic organ prolapse...
November 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974907/a-review-of-ovary-torsion
#11
REVIEW
Ci Huang, Mun-Kun Hong, Dah-Ching Ding
Ovarian torsion is a rare but emergency condition in women. Early diagnosis is necessary to preserve the function of the ovaries and tubes and prevent severe morbidity. Ovarian torsion refers to complete or partial rotation of the adnexal supporting organ with ischemia. It can affect females of all ages. Ovarian torsion occurs in around 2%-15% of patients who have surgical treatment of adnexal masses. The main risk in ovarian torsion is an ovarian mass. The most common symptom of ovarian torsion is acute onset of pelvic pain, followed by nausea and vomiting...
July 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951012/is-measuring-the-residual-rectourethral-fistula-during-laparoscopically-assisted-anorectal-pull-through-for-male-high-intermediate-type-imperforate-anus-beneficial-mid-term-follow-up
#12
Hiroyuki Koga, Manabu Okawada, Go Miyano, Takashi Doi, Geoffrey J Lane, Atsuyuki Yamataka
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We evaluated routine intraoperative residual rectourethral fistula measurement (IRRFM) in 20 consecutive male imperforate anus with recto-bulbar (RB; n=12) or recto-prostatic (RP; n=8) fistula during laparoscopically assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) for preventing incomplete fistula excision (IFE) on mid-term follow-up. METHODS: Twenty consecutive LAARP performed at a mean age of 10months (range: 3-30) followed-up for a mean of 4.8years (range: 1...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933329/-mid-term-to-long-term-results-of-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-the-oval-shaped-acetabular-cup-tc-type
#13
E Šťastný, T Trč, J Frýdl, Z Kopečný, T Philippou, J Lisý
INTRODUCTION The purpose of our paper is to evaluate the mid-term to long-term results and to confirm the basic criteria of a high-quality revision implant: safe bridging of bone defects, achievement of reliable primary fixation of revision acetabular cup, achievement of good secondary stability with documentable osteointegration of cup and demonstration of remodelling of transplanted bone tissue in the area of defects and in spaces between the implant ribs. MATERIAL AND METHODS Altogether 36 patients (38 cups) were evaluated who had undergone revision hip arthroplasty in the period from 2004 to 2010...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931575/case-report-of-clitoral-hypertrophy-in-2-extremely-premature-girls-with-an-ovarian-cyst
#14
Anne-Laure Nerré, Pierre Bétrémieux, Sylvie Nivot-Adamiak
Neonatal clitoromegaly is mainly attributed to in utero androgen exposure secondary to congenital adrenal hyperplasia. We report on 2 extremely premature girls with clitoromegaly, increased androgen levels, no salt wasting syndrome, and ovarian cyst. In case 1, the cyst liquid was aspired during ovarian hernia surgery and revealed high androgen levels. After aspiration, serum androgen levels decreased, as did clitoral size. In case 2, an ovarian cyst was seen on pelvic ultrasound. Aspiration was not indicated...
October 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914598/ovarian-cancer-prevalence-in-incidental-simple-adnexal-cysts-initially-identified-in-ct-examinations-of-the-abdomen-and-pelvis
#15
Johannes Boos, Olga R Brook, Jieming Fang, Alexander Brook, Deborah Levine
Purpose To evaluate the rate of malignancy in incidentally detected simple adnexal cysts at computed tomography (CT) to determine if simple-appearing cysts require follow-up. Materials and Methods In this HIPAA-compliant, institutional review board-approved retrospective cohort study, an institutional database was searched for abdominal and pelvic CT studies performed between June 2003 and December 2010 in women reported to have adnexal cysts. Adnexal cyst characterization was determined by prospective report description as well as image review by a research fellow and by a fellowship-trained abdominal radiologist for examinations with disagreement between the original report and the research fellow's assessment...
September 14, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882972/ileocecal-obstruction-due-to-endometriosis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Nicolae Bacalbasa, Irina Balescu, Alexandru Filipescu
Endometriosis is a common finding in premenopausal women and a significant number of cases presenting digestive tract involvement at the time of diagnosis. However, most of these patients present pelvic nodules involving the rectosigmoidian junction, other digestive tract segments being less commonly affected. We present the case of a 37-year-old nulliparous woman who presented for diffuse abdominal pain and vomiting; she was diagnosed with complete ileocecal obstruction due to an endometriosis nodule in association with bilateral ovarian endometriosis lesions invading the rectosigmodian wall...
September 2017: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804663/misdiagnosis-of-a-giant-uterine-leiomyosarcoma-clinic-and-image-challenges
#17
Jila Agah, Sedighe Karimzadeh, Fateme Moharrer Ahmadi
A 41-year-old woman (G3P2L2Ab1) was referred to gynecology clinic with chief complaints of abdominal distension and localized abdominal wall pruritus for three months. She was misdiagnosed with gastrointestinal disorder and ultimately had undergone imaging. Ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) scan disclosed a huge solid-cystic mass originating from the ovary. On clinical examination the patient had no pain or tenderness and no gynecologic complaints. Laboratory tests showed normal tumor markers and hemoglobin at 8 g/dl...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765662/-retrorectal-cystic-hamartoma-tailgut-cyst-an-uncommon-cause-of-recurrent-abdominal-pain
#18
M Ostiz Llanos, N Yanguas Barea, G Jiménez López de Oñate, G González Álvarez, I Fernández de Los Reyes
Retrorectal cystic hamartomas are rare congenital lesions that arise from aberrant remnants of the postanal gut. Most of them appear as asymptomatic lesions in middle-aged women but they can manifest with nonspecific symptoms such as abdominal or pelvic pain, constipation or diarrhoea, genitourinary symptoms, etc. Due to their anatomical position and variable presentation these lesions are often misdiagnosed. Complications include infection and malignant transformation, which is the reason why surgical treatment is always indicated...
July 28, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760458/clinical-and-sonographic-predictors-of-adnexal-torsion-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients
#19
Yaakov Melcer, Ron Maymon, Marina Pekar-Zlotin, Moty Pansky, Noam Smorgick
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of torsion diagnosis in the pediatric and adolescent population. METHODS: This retrospective study included 87 patients <18years who presented with acute pelvic pain and were operated for suspected adnexal torsion from January 2009 to September 2016. RESULTS: Adnexal torsion was found in 53 of 87 (60.9%) cases operated for suspected torsion. The rate of accurate torsion diagnosis was significantly higher among pre-menarchal (21/21, 100%) compared with post-menarchal girls (32/66, 48...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753380/ct-and-mr-imaging-of-gynecologic-emergencies
#20
Yuko Iraha, Masahiro Okada, Rin Iraha, Kimei Azama, Tsuneo Yamashiro, Maho Tsubakimoto, Yoichi Aoki, Sadayuki Murayama
Gynecologic emergencies include various diseases that result from adnexal and uterine disorders. Adnexal disorders may be classified into the following three categories: (a) disorders that cause hemorrhage (hemorrhagic ovarian cysts and ectopic pregnancies); (b) disorders related to adnexal tumors (adnexal torsion and rupture of ovarian tumors); and (c) disorders related to pelvic inflammatory disease, such as tubo-ovarian abscesses. Unusual adnexal torsion, such as massive ovarian edema, isolated fallopian tube torsion, and paraovarian cyst torsion, has also been described...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
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