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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909773/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-fetal-pelvic-cysts
#1
REVIEW
Styliani Archontaki, Yvan Vial, Sylviane Hanquinet, Reto Meuli, Leonor Alamo
The detection of fetal anomalies has improved in the last years as a result of the generalization of ultrasound pregnancy screening exams. The presence of a cystic imaging in the fetal pelvis is a relatively common finding, which can correspond to a real congenital cystic lesion or result from the anomalous liquid accumulation in a whole pelvic organ, mainly the urinary bladder, the uterus, or the vagina. In selected cases with poor prognosis and/or inconclusive echographic findings, magnetic resonance may bring additional information in terms of the characterization, anatomical location, and real extension of the pathology...
December 1, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878132/ruptured-cystic-mesothelioma-diagnosed-after-blunt-trauma-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Francisco Igor B Macedo, Alice J Race, Laszlo M Hoesel
The majority of blunt trauma is secondary to motor vehicle crashes,especially in those wearing seatbelts or sitting in the front or passenger seat location.Hollow viscus gastrointestinal injuries occur more frequently in small bowel, followed by colorectal, duodenum, stomach and appendix. A 25-year-old male presents after being involved in a motor vehicle accident. Initialworkup was significant for moderate amount of pelvic free fluid and curvilinear,cysticlike structures in the pelvis. He subsequently developed peritonitis and underwentdiagnostic laparoscopy, which revealed multiple cystic nodules arising from theperitoneum...
October 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876070/ovarian-thecoma-fibroma-groups-clinical-and-sonographic-features-with-pathological-comparison
#3
Hui Chen, Yan Liu, Li-Fei Shen, Mei-Jiao Jiang, Zhi-Fang Yang, Guo-Ping Fang
BACKGROUND: Ovarian thecoma-fibroma groups (OTFG) are uncommon sex cord-stromal neoplasms. The objective of the study was to demonstrate clinical and sonographic features of OTFG and compare with surgical histopathology. METHODS: A total of 61 patients with surgically proven OTFG were enrolled in this retrospective study to demonstrate its clinical and sonographic features and to compare with pathological findings. Gray scale and color Doppler sonography were performed presurgically with either transabdominal or transvaginal approach to image pelvic structures and lesions...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858862/utility-of-t-cell-interferon-%C3%AE-release-assays-for-the-diagnosis-of-female-genital-tuberculosis-in-a-tertiary-referral-hospital-in-beijing-china
#4
Xiaoqing Liu, Sainan Bian, Xinhe Cheng, Wenze Wang, Qinjie Tian, Lifan Zhang, Yueqiu Zhang, Xiaochun Shi, Yao Zhang, Zhiyong Liang
Diagnosis of female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) remains a challenge. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of T-SPOT.TB on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) for diagnosing FGTB in an area with high TB burden.Patients with suspected FGTB were enrolled consecutively between August 2010 and August 2015. T-SPOT.TB on PBMCs and histopathology were performed in all patients. T-SPOT.TB results were evaluated against patients' final diagnosis of FGTB which was made based on clinical manifestations, radiology, microbiological and histopathological evaluation, and response to anti-TB treatment...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837336/perivaginal-benign-masses-diagnosis-and-therapy-in-a-series-of-66-women
#5
Anna-Lena Liaci, Hans Boesmueller, Markus Huebner, Sara Yvonne Brucker, Christl Reisenauer
PURPOSE: Benign perivaginal masses (PVM) are relatively rare. The aim of this study is, to create a higher awareness for these entities and to point out reliable diagnostics and an accurate treatment. METHODS: The medical records of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Tuebingen were searched for number and type of urogynecological surgery in general, and a surgery, which took place particularly owing to benign PVM, over a period of 5 years. Diagnostics, treatment, histology and postoperative management were summarized and analyzed...
November 12, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831842/imaging-of-the-urachus-anomalies-complications-and-mimics
#6
Carolina Parada Villavicencio, Sharon Z Adam, Paul Nikolaidis, Vahid Yaghmai, Frank H Miller
Urachal anomalies are more common than previously thought, with more cases discovered incidentally, because of the increased use of cross-sectional imaging. Although an abnormal persistence of an embryologic communication between the bladder and the umbilicus is often recognized and managed in childhood, it may persist into adulthood, with a greater risk of morbidity. Congenital urachal anomalies that are detected early can benefit from an optimized management including surgical approach with a complete resection of the urachal remnant in cases when spontaneous resolution or medical management has failed...
November 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825660/the-validation-of-the-clinical-male-pelvic-trainer-mk-2-advanced-models-for-scrotal-examination-simulation
#7
Mithun Kailavasan, Ahmad Abdul-Rahman, Vishwanath Hanchanale, Sanjay Rajpal, Karol Rogawski, Victor Palit, Andy Myatt, Sunjay Jain, Chandra Shekhar Biyani
OBJECTIVES: To validate the use of a novel physical model, the "Clinical Male Pelvic Trainer (CMPT) Mk 2-Advanced," for scrotal examination simulation and evaluate its use for surgical education. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 7 CMPT Mk 2-Advanced scrotal models were used for teaching: normal, varicocele, testicular tumor, epididymal cyst, hydrocele, epididymo-orchitis, and indirect inguinoscrotal hernia. At 4 surgical courses in the West Yorkshire Foundation Deanery, UK, between 2015 and 2016, trainees were asked to assess their clinical experience, confidence levels in diagnosing scrotal pathology and simulation properties of the scrotal models on a 5-point Likert Scale...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818824/fallopian-tube-torsion-as-a-cause-of-acute-pelvic-pain-in-adolescent-females
#8
Claudia Mueller, Sandra Tomita
Purpose. Torsion of the fallopian tube, involving hydatids of Morgagni, though a rare cause of acute pelvic pain in young girls, can pose significant risks to future fertility. Tubal torsion may present as a diagnostic dilemma since the ovary itself usually appears normal on ultrasound. Thus, surgical intervention may be delayed which can lead to worsening necrosis and result in the need for resection of the affected tube. Methods. We reviewed two cases of fallopian tube torsion associated with hydatids of Morgagni in adolescent females...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807494/ovarian-carcinosarcoma-and-its-association-with-mature-cystic-teratoma-and-primary-tubal-carcinoma
#9
Sunida Rewsuwan, Nopporn Satabongkoch, Prapaporn Suprasert, Surapan Khunamornpong
Introduction. Carcinosarcoma is an uncommon form of ovarian cancers, classified as being part of the group of mixed epithelial and mesenchymal tumors. The occurrence of carcinosarcoma in association with a mature cystic teratoma and synchronous tubal carcinoma is very rare. Case Report. A 69-year-old woman presented with a pelvic mass. An abdominal computerized tomographic scan detected a 15 cm right pelvic mass which was suggestive of malignant transformation of a dermoid cyst. Intraoperative, bilateral ovarian masses (left 10 cm and right 12 cm) with diffuse peritoneal metastatic nodules were identified...
2016: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802006/carcinoma-prostate-masquerading-as-a-hemorrhagic-pelvic-cyst
#10
Rajat Arora, Arun Jacob Philip George, Anu Eapen, Antony Devasia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770131/incarceration-of-the-gravid-uterus
#11
Kelsey L Shnaekel, Michael P Wendel, Nader Z Rabie, Everett F Magann
Objective: The aim of this review was to describe the risk factors, clinical and radiographic criteria, and management of this rare complication of pregnancy. Methods: A PubMed, Web of Science, and CINAHL search was undertaken with no limitations on the number of years searched. Results: There were 60 articles identified, with 53 articles being the basis of this review. Multiple risk factors have been suggested in the literature including retroverted uterus in the first trimester, deep sacral concavity with an overlying sacral promontory, endometriosis, previous abdominal or pelvic surgery, pelvic or uterine adhesions, ovarian cysts, leiomyomas, multifetal gestation, uterine anomalies, uterine prolapse, and uterine incarceration in a prior pregnancy...
October 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762475/enlarged-uterine-corpus-volume-in-women-with-endometriosis-assessment-using-three-dimensional-reconstruction-of-pelvic-magnetic-resonance-images
#12
Akemi Koshiba, Taisuke Mori, Fumitake Ito, Yukiko Tanaka, Osamu Takaoka, Akiko Takahata, Jo Kitawaki
AIM: To assess and compare the uterine volume and endometrium length between women with and without endometriosis, using pelvic magnetic resonance imaging scans. METHODS: In this case-control study, a total of 75 nulligravid women (aged 20-45 years) with regular menstrual cycles whose uterus were free of any surgically confirmed lesions were enrolled. The endometriosis group underwent surgery for endometrioma (n = 39), and the control group underwent surgery for non-endometrioma ovarian cysts (n = 36)...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760629/-effectiveness-of-transurethral-seminal-vesiculoscopy-in-the-treatment-of-persistent-hematospermia-and-oligoasthenozoospermia-and-azoospermia-from-ejaculatory-duct-obstruction
#13
S X Tang, H L Zhou, Y L Ding
Objective: To analyze the effectiveness of transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy in the treatment of persistent hematospermia, and oligoasthenozoospermia and azoospermia from ejaculatory duct obstruction. Methods: The clinical date of 56 cases of persistent hematospermia, or azoospermia/oligoasthenozoospermia from ejaculatory duct obstruction treated with transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy between November 2013 and January 2016 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University were reviewed. A total of 30 cases were persistent hematospermia for 6 months to 3 years, with no response to routine antibiotic therapy for >4 weeks; 24 cases were obstructive azoospermia; and the other 2 cases were extreme oligoasthenozoospermia...
September 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757372/ovarian-mature-cystic-teratoma-with-fistula-formation-into-the-rectum-a-case-report
#14
Yuichiro Kizaki, Tomonori Nagai, Ken Ohara, Yosuke Gomi, Taichi Akahori, Yoshihisa Ono, Shigetaka Matsunaga, Yasushi Takai, Masahiro Saito, Kazunori Baba, Hiroyuki Seki
BACKGROUND: While ovarian mature cystic teratomas are benign ovarian germ-cell tumors and the most common type of all ovarian tumors, the formation of fistulas into surrounding organs such as the bladder and the intestinal tract is extremely rare. This report documents a case of ovarian mature cystic teratoma with a rectal fistula, thought to be caused by local inflammation. CASE DESCRIPTION: A pelvic mass was diagnosed as an ovarian mature cystic teratoma of approximately 10 cm in diameter on transvaginal ultrasound and magnetic resonance examinations...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747116/chlamydia-peritonitis-and-ascites-mimicking-ovarian-cancer
#15
Anar Gojayev, Diana P English, Matthew Macer, Masoud Azodi
Background. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) rarely results in diffuse ascites. Severe adhesive disease secondary to PID may lead to the formation of inclusion cysts and even pelvic peritoneal nodularity due to postinflammatory scarring and cause an elevation of serum CA-125 levels. The constellation of these findings may mimic an ovarian neoplasm. Case. We report a case of a 22-year-old female who presented with multiple pelvic cysts and diffuse ascites due to Chlamydia trachomatis infection. The initial gynecologic exam did not reveal obvious evidence of PID; however, a positive Chlamydia trachomatis test, pathologic findings, and the exclusion of other etiologies facilitated the diagnosis...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672439/zinner-s-syndrome-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Amine Slaoui, Souhail Regragui, Abdelouahad Lasri, Tarik Karmouni, Khalid El Khader, Abdellatif Koutani, Ahmed Ibn Attya
BACKGROUND: Congenital malformations of the seminal vesicle are uncommon, and most of them are cystic malformations. If an insult occurs between the 4th and the 13 h gestational week, the embryogenesis of the kidney, ureter, seminal vesicle, and vas deferens could be altered. Cysts of the seminal vesicle may appear with a mass effect, dysuria, epididymitis, or obstruction of the gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts. Approximately two thirds of them are associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis, because both the ureteral buds and seminal vesicles originate from the mesonephric (Wolffian) duct...
2016: Basic and Clinical Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668111/florid-cystic-endosalpingiosis-m%C3%A3-llerianosis-in-pregnancy
#17
José Morales-Roselló, Loida Pamplona-Bueno, Beatriz Montero-Balaguer, Domingo Desantes-Real, Alfredo Perales-Marín
Cystic endosalpingiosis refers to the existence of heterotopic cystic müllerian tissue resembling structures of the fallopian tubes. We report a case of florid cystic endosalpingiosis discovered in a pregnant woman during a scheduled cesarean section and review the current knowledge of this disease. A 30-year-old woman with a twin pregnancy attended the hospital day unit at term. The first twin was in a breech presentation and a cesarean section was scheduled. During the procedure the uterine fundus and part of the body were seen completely seeded with multitude of cyst-like structures resembling hydatids of Morgagni...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623329/-ovarian-carcinoid-tumor-responsible-of-permanent-facial-erythrosis-and-flushings-during-sexual-intercourse
#18
B Talvande, A Dorange, M Lecouflet, M Le Nezet, B Kianifard, H Maillard, M Duquenne
INTRODUCTION: Ovarian neuroendocrine tumors are extremely rare. In the ovary, the term of neuroendocrine tumor is usually related to carcinoid tumors although it may be sometimes applied to neuroendocrine carcinomas of non-small cells or small cells cancers usually occurring in the lungs. These carcinoid tumors may develop de novo or from other tumors including teratomas. CASE REPORT: We report a patient who presented with an ovarian carcinoid tumor developed, near or from a dermoid cyst, which was original by its mode of discovery in the dermatology department...
September 9, 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618331/pelvic-inflammatory-disease-multimodality-imaging-approach-with-clinical-pathologic-correlation
#19
Margarita V Revzin, Mahan Mathur, Haatal B Dave, Matthew L Macer, Michael Spektor
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common medical problem, with almost 1 million cases diagnosed annually. Historically, PID has been a clinical diagnosis supplemented with the findings from ultrasonography (US) or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. However, the diagnosis of PID can be challenging because the clinical manifestations may mimic those of other pelvic and abdominal processes. Given the nonspecific clinical manifestations, computed tomography (CT) is commonly the first imaging examination performed...
September 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606282/pudendal-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-due-to-a-ganglion-cyst-a-case-report
#20
Jae Wook Lee, Sung-Moon Lee, Dong Gyu Lee
Pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome is an unusual cause of chronic pelvic pain. We experienced a case of pudendal neuralgia associated with a ganglion cyst. A 60-year-old male patient with a tingling sensation and burning pain in the right buttock and perineal area visited our outpatient rehabilitation center. Pelvis magnetic resonance imaging showed the presence of multiple ganglion cysts around the right ischial spine and sacrospinous ligament, and the pudendal nerve and vessel bundle were located between the ischial spine and ganglion cyst at the entrance of Alcock's canal...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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