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Cervical radiculopathy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807894/advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-neck-pain
#1
REVIEW
Steven P Cohen, W Michael Hooten
Neck pain imposes a considerable personal and socioeconomic burden-it is one of the top five chronic pain conditions in terms of prevalence and years lost to disability-yet it receives a fraction of the research funding given to low back pain. Although most acute episodes resolve spontaneously, more than a third of affected people still have low grade symptoms or recurrences more than one year later, with genetics and psychosocial factors being risk factors for persistence. Nearly half of people with chronic neck pain have mixed neuropathic-nociceptive symptoms or predominantly neuropathic symptoms...
August 14, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801567/effectiveness-of-a-multimodal-pain-management-concept-for-patients-with-cervical-radiculopathy-with-focus-on-cervical-epidural-injections
#2
Achim Benditz, Melanie Brunner, Florian Zeman, Felix Greimel, Völlner Florian, Daniel Boluki, Joachim Grifka, Markus Weber, Tobias Renkawitz
Cervical radiculopathy has become an increasing problem worldwide. Conservative treatment options have been recommended in many reviews on cervical radiculopathy, ranging from different types of physiotherapy to waiting for remission by natural history. No multimodal pain management concept (MPM) on an inpatient basis has been evaluated. This study aimed at showing the positive short-term effects of an inpatient multimodal pain management concept with focus on cervical translaminar epidural steroid injection for patients with cervical radiculopathy...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798978/shoulder-pain-due-to-cervical-radiculopathy-an-underestimated-long-term-complication-of-herpes-zoster-virus-reactivation
#3
Stefano Gumina, Vittorio Candela, Daniele Passaretti, Ciro Villani
PURPOSE: To evaluate if herpes zoster virus (HZV) reactivation may be considered in the aetiology of cervical radiculopathy. METHODS: The study group was composed of 110 patients (52 M-58F;mean age ± SD:46.5 ± 6.12; range:40-73) with a clinical diagnosis of cervical radiculopathy. Patients with signs of chronic damage on neurophysiological studies were submitted to an X-ray and to an MRI of the cervical spine in order to clarify the cause of the cervical radiculopathy and were investigated for a possible reactivation of HZV; HZV reactivation was considered as "recent" or "antique" if it occurs within or after 24 months from the onset of symptoms, respectively...
August 10, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781919/b-cell-lymphoma-presenting-as-multiple-nerve-sheath-tumors
#4
Jason Milton, Julie Renner, Victor Awuor
BACKGROUND: Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common form of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), accounting for 25-30 percent of cases in the United States.1 Extranodal sites are involved in approximately 40% of cases of DLBCL. CASE DESCRIPTION: In this report, we discuss the case of a patient with extranodal DLBCL within the cervical nerve roots that underwent surgical intervention due to the presence of cervical radiculopathy. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of DLBCL was surprising given the appearance of the masses on MRI being similar to that of a neurofibroma or schwannoma...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781913/nursing-review-section-of-surgical-neurology-international-evaluation-of-cervical-disc-disease-and-when-surgery-is-warranted
#5
REVIEW
Nancy E Epstein, Renee D Hollingsworth
BACKGROUND: Patients with cervical disc disease may present with radiculopathy (root compression), myelopathy (cord compression), or myeloradiculopathy. These complaints must be correlated with x-ray, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and computed tomographic (CT) scans. Although most patients can be managed nonsurgically, those with significant neurological deficits and larger disc herniations may require surgery. METHODS: The symptoms of cervical radiculopathy include pain radiating down one or both arms, while myelopathy may result in more diffuse numbness tingling or weakness in the upper and/or lower extremities...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767636/comparison-of-symptoms-from-c6-and-c7-radiculopathy
#6
James Rainville, Andrew A Joyce, Eric Laxer, Enrique Pena, David Kim, R Alden Milam, Eric Carkner
STUDY DESIGN: Case series. OBJECTIVE: This study compared the locations of arm pain, sensory symptoms, and subjective complaints of arm weakness in subjects with cervical radiculopathy from MRI confirmed C6 and C7 nerve root compression. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cervical radiculopathy is defined as arm pain, sensory and motor symptoms caused by irritation of a cervical nerve root. The C6 and C7 roots are most commonly involved, and differentiating symptoms associated with each root has proven difficult...
August 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767566/shi-style-cervical-manipulations-for-cervical-radiculopathy-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#7
Xue-Jun Cui, Min Yao, Xiu-Lan Ye, Ping Wang, Wei-Hong Zhong, Rui-Chun Zhang, Hui-Ying Li, Zhi-Jun Hu, Zhan-Ying Tang, Wei-Min Wang, Wei-Ping Qiao, Yue-Li Sun, Jun Li, Yang Gao, Qi Shi, Yongjun Wang
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of high-quality evidence supporting the use of manipulation therapy for patients with cervical radiculopathy (CR). This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Shi-style cervical manipulations (SCMs) versus mechanical cervical traction (MCT) for CR. METHODS: This was a randomized, open-label, controlled trial carried out at 5 hospitals in patients with CR for at least 2 weeks and neck pain. The patients received 6 treatments of SCM (n = 179) or MCT (n = 180) over 2 weeks...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756539/intraspinal-intradural-variations-of-nerve-roots
#8
Viktor Matejčík, Zora Haviarová, Andrej Šteňo, Roman Kuruc, Juraj Šteňo
PURPOSE: The aim of this work is to point out the intraspinal anatomical variations of nerve roots and their possible participation in radiculopathy. METHODS: The anatomical study was performed in 33 cadavers. There were 25 male cadavers aged 30-75 years and 8 female cadavers aged 45-77 years, with a mean age of 46.5 years to 24 h from death. All intradural rami communicantes between nerve roots were excised and examined histologically for the presence or absence of nervous tissue...
July 29, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718697/pain-drawings-predict-outcome-of-surgical-treatment-for-degenerative-disc-disease-in-the-cervical-spine
#9
Anna MacDowall, Yohan Robinson, Martin Skeppholm, Claes Olerud
INTRODUCTION: Pain drawings have been frequently used in the preoperative evaluation of spine patients. For lumbar conditions comprehensive research has established both the reliability and predictive value, but for the cervical spine most of this knowledge is lacking. The aims of this study were to validate pain drawings for the cervical spine, and to investigate the predictive value for treatment outcome of four different evaluation methods. METHODS: We carried out a post hoc analysis of a randomized controlled trial, comparing cervical disc replacement to fusion for radiculopathy related to degenerative disc disease...
July 18, 2017: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713631/percutaneous-cervical-laser-diskectomy-thermoannuloplasty-and-thermonucleoplasty-comparable-results-without-surgery
#10
EDITORIAL
Nancy E Epstein
BACKGROUND: Utilizing the literature, the results of three different minimally invasive surgery (MIS) anterior cervical percutaneous operations for neck/mild radicular pain and magnetic resonance (MR)-documented "contained" (not extruded/sequestrated) discs were evaluated. Results were compared with patients treated nonsurgically for comparable/greater neurological compromise, and even more severe cervical disc disease. METHODS: There were three MIS percutaneous anterior cervical discectomy procedures...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700452/the-surgical-treatment-of-cervical-radiculopathy-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Gabriel Gutman, Derek H Rosenzweig, Jeff D Golan
STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials (RCTs). OBJECTIVE: To determine whether anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), cervical disc replacement (CDR) or minimally invasive posterior cervical foraminotomy (MI-PCF) provides the best outcomes for patients with symptomatic single-level, single-side, cervical radiculopathy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The surgical treatment of cervical radiculopathy is still controversial...
July 11, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694597/management-of-cervical-monoradiculopathy-due-to-prolapsed-intervertebral-disc-an-institutional-experience
#12
Amresh S Bhaganagare, S A Nagesh, B G Shrihari, Vikas Naik, M N Nagarjun, Balaji S Pai
BACKGROUND: Cervical radiculopathy is the common clinical entity, often caused by "wear and tear" changes that occur in the spine. In the younger population, cervical radiculopathy is a result of a disc herniation or an acute injury causing foraminal impingement of an exiting nerve, whereas in the older individuals, it is due to foraminal narrowing from osteophyte formation, decreased disc height, and degenerative changes of the uncovertebral joints anteriorly and of the facet joints posteriorly...
April 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673826/the-five-year-cost-effectiveness-of-two-level-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-or-cervical-disc-replacement-a-markov-analysis
#13
Samuel C Overley, Steven J McAnany, Robert L Brochin, Jun S Kim, Robert K Merrill, Sheeraz A Qureshi
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and cervical disc replacement (CDR) are both acceptable surgical options for the treatment of cervical myelopathy and/or radiculopathy. To date, there are limited economic analyses assessing the relative cost-effectiveness of two-level ACDF versus CDR. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the five-year cost-effectiveness of two-level ACDF versus CDR. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of prospectively collected data...
June 30, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670403/risk-factors-for-failure-of-nonoperative-treatment-for-unilateral-cervical-facet-fractures
#14
Carola Francisca van Eck, Mitchell Stephen Fourman, Amir Mohamad Abtahi, Louis Alarcon, William Fielding Donaldson, Joon Yung Lee
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine what percentage of patients who underwent nonoperative management of unilateral non-displaced or minimally displaced facet fractures progressed radiographically and to determine what percentage of patients required surgical intervention and to identify risk factors for failure of conservative management. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: According to most commonly used classification systems, unilateral, non-and minimally displaced facet fractures are be amendable to nonoperative management...
June 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665246/intraosseous-hemangioblastoma-of-the-cervical-spine-case-report
#15
Zhenteng Li, Brian Curtis, Robert Layser, Santosh Kumar Selvarajan, James Harrop, Lawrence C Kenyon, Theodore Parsons, Asa Rubin
A 69-year-old woman presented with bilateral upper-extremity radiculopathy and neck pain after a mechanical fall. Admission CT and MRI of the cervical spine demonstrated a pathological C-4 fracture. Subsequent malignancy workup was negative. A CT-guided biopsy of the lesion showed intraosseous hemangioblastoma. Hemangioblastoma is a highly vascular, slow-growing tumor of the CNS; intraosseous location of this tumor is extremely rare. The authors review the diversity of its presentation and the treatment techniques of this rare tumor in an extremely rare location...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660110/assessing-foraminal-stenosis-in-the-cervical-spine-a-comparison-of-three-dimensional-computed-tomographic-surface-reconstruction-to-two-dimensional-modalities
#16
Adam Schell, John M Rhee, John Holbrook, Eric Lenehan, Kun Young Park
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective radiographic study. OBJECTIVE: The optimal radiographic modality for assessing cervical foraminal stenosis is unclear. Determination on conventional axial cuts is made difficult due in part to the complex, oblique orientation of the cervical neuroforamen. The utility of 3-dimensonal (3D) computed tomography (CT) reconstruction in improving neuroforaminal assessment is not well understood. The objective of this study is to determine inter-rater variability in grading cervical foraminal stenosis using 3 different CT imaging modalities: 3D CT surface reconstructions (3DSR), 2D sagittal oblique multiplanar reformations (2D-SOMPR), and conventional 2D axial CT imaging...
May 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646343/clinical-outcome-following-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-with-and-without-anterior-cervical-plating-for-the-treatment-of-cervical-disc-herniation-a-25-year-follow-up-study
#17
Benedikt W Burkhardt, Moritz Brielmaier, Karsten Schwerdtfeger, Joachim M Oertel
Extreme long-term clinical outcome studies following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with an autologous iliac crest with and without Caspar plating (ACDF + CP) for the treatment of radiculopathy caused by cervical disc herniation (CDH) are extremely rare. Hospital records of patients who underwent ACDF or ACDF + CP for the treatment of CDH at least 17 years ago were reviewed. Information about diagnosis, surgery, pre- and postoperative clinical process, and repeated procedure was analyzed...
June 23, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644963/self-report-and-subjective-history-in-the-diagnosis-of-painful-neck-conditions-a-systematic-review-of-diagnostic-accuracy-studies
#18
REVIEW
Adam Mizer, Alexa Bachmann, Jessie Gibson, Megan Burrowbridge Donaldson
Rising healthcare costs and inherent risks with over-utilizing diagnostic imaging require a quality subjective examination to improve effectiveness and time management of physical examinations. This systematic review investigates the diagnostic accuracy of subjective history and self-report items to determine if there is significant alteration in the probability of identifying specific painful neck conditions. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed. INCLUSION CRITERIA: 1) Written in the English language 2) Cervical pain with/without referred upper extremity or head pain 3) Subjective history or self-report items 4) Study designs that reported diagnostic statistics or allowed calculation of sensitivities, specificities, diagnostic odds ratios, and likelihood ratios 5) used a reference standard that has a sensitivity or specificity ≥75% or a diagnostic tool that is strongly supported in the literature where this data is not available...
June 8, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632590/comparison-of-anterior-and-posterior-surgery-for-degenerative-cervical-myelopathy-an-mri-based-propensity-score-matched-analysis-using-data-from-the-prospective-multicenter-aospine-csm-north-america-and-international-studies
#19
So Kato, Aria Nouri, Dongjin Wu, Satoshi Nori, Lindsay Tetreault, Michael G Fehlings
BACKGROUND: Surgeons often choose between 2 different approaches (anterior and posterior) for surgical treatment of degenerative cervical myelopathy on the basis of imaging features of spinal cord compression, the number of levels affected, and the spinal alignment. However, there is a lack of consensus on which approach is preferable. The objective of the present study was to use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based propensity-score-matched analysis to compare postoperative outcomes between the anterior and posterior surgical approaches for degenerative cervical myelopathy...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608175/reliability-and-validity-of-clinical-tests-to-assess-the-anatomical-integrity-of-the-cervical-spine-in-adults-with-neck-pain-and-its-associated-disorders-part-1-a-systematic-review-from-the-cervical-assessment-and-diagnosis-research-evaluation-cadre-collaboration
#20
REVIEW
Nadège Lemeunier, S da Silva-Oolup, N Chow, D Southerst, L Carroll, J J Wong, H Shearer, P Mastragostino, J Cox, E Côté, K Murnaghan, D Sutton, P Côté
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reliability and validity of clinical tests to assess the anatomical integrity of the cervical spine in adults with neck pain and its associated disorders. METHODS: We updated the systematic review of the 2000-2010 Bone and Joint Decade Task Force on Neck Pain and its Associated Disorders. We also searched the literature to identify studies on the reliability and validity of Doppler velocimetry for the evaluation of cervical arteries. Two independent reviewers screened and critically appraised studies...
June 12, 2017: European Spine Journal
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