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Non-specific Low Back Pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343693/phantom-acupuncture-induces-placebo-credibility-and-vicarious-sensations-a-parallel-fmri-study-of-low-back-pain-patients
#1
Meena M Makary, Jeungchan Lee, Eunyoung Lee, Seulgi Eun, Jieun Kim, Geon-Ho Jahng, Kiok Kim, You-Suk Youn, Jun-Hwan Lee, Kyungmo Park
Although acupuncture is an effective therapeutic intervention for pain reduction, the exact difference between real and sham acupuncture has not been clearly understood because a somatosensory tactile component is commonly included in the existing sham acupuncture protocols. In an event-related fMRI experiment, we implemented a novel form of sham acupuncture, phantom acupuncture, that reproduces the acupuncture needling procedure without somatosensory tactile stimulation while maintaining the credibility of the acupuncture treatment context...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332746/is-pilates-an-effective-rehabilitation-tool-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Keira Byrnes, Ping-Jung Wu, Stephney Whillier
BACKGROUND: Pilates is a system of exercise focusing upon controlled movement, stretching and breathing. Pilates is popular today not only for physical fitness but also for rehabilitation programs. This paper is a review of the literature on the effectiveness of Pilates as a rehabilitation tool in a wide range of conditions in an adult population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was carried out according to the PRISMA guidelines. Electronic databases were searched for cohort studies or randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324082/sensory-dissociation-in-chronic-low-back-pain-two-case-reports
#3
Wacław M Adamczyk, Kerstin Luedtke, Oskar Saulicz, Edward Saulicz
Patients with chronic low back pain often report that they do not perceive their painful back accurately. Previous studies confirmed that sensory dissociation and/or discrepancy between perceived body image and actual size is one of the specific traits of patients with chronic pain. Current approaches for measuring sensory dissociation are limited to two-point-discrimination or rely on pain drawings not allowing for quantitative analysis. This case study reports the sensory dissociation of two cases with chronic low back pain using a recently published test (point-to-point-test (PTP)) and a newly developed test (two-point-estimation (TPE))...
January 11, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321099/non-specific-low-back-pain
#4
Jean-François Chenot, Bernhard Greitemann, Bernd Kladny, Frank Petzke, Michael Pfingsten, Susanne Gabriele Schorr
BACKGROUND: For many years, low back pain has been both the leading cause of days lost from work and the leading indication for medical rehabilitation. The goal of the German Disease Management Guideline (NDMG) on nonspecific low back pain is to improve the treatment of patients with this condition. METHODS: The current update of the NDMG on non-specific low back pain is based on articles retrieved by a systematic search of the literature for systematic reviews...
December 25, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306961/prediction-models-to-identify-workers-at-risk-of-sick-leave-due-to-low-back-pain-in-the-dutch-construction-industry
#5
Lisa C Bosman, Lyan Dijkstra, Catelijne I Oling, Martijn W Heymans, Jos Wr Twisk, Corné Am Roelen
Objective The aim of this study was to develop a prediction model based on variables measured in occupational health checks to identify non-sick listed workers at risk of sick leave due to non-specific low-back pain (LBP). Methods This cohort study comprised manual (N=22 648) and non-manual (N=9735) construction workers who participated in occupational health checks between 2010 and 2013. Occupational health check variables were used as potential predictors and LBP sick leave was recorded during 1-year follow-up...
January 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299090/correction-of-grade-2-spondylolisthesis-following-a-non-surgical-structural-spinal-rehabilitation-protocol-using-lumbar-traction-a-case-study-and-selective-review-of-literature
#6
Curtis Fedorchuk, Douglas F Lightstone, Christi McRae, Derek Kaczor
Objective: Discuss the use of non-surgical spinal rehabilitation protocol in the case of a 69-year-old female with a grade 2 spondylolisthesis. A selective literature review and discussion are provided. Clinical Features: A 69-year-old female presented with moderate low back pain (7/10 pain) and severe leg cramping (7/10 pain). Initial lateral lumbar x-ray revealed a grade 2 spondylolisthesis at L4-L5 measuring 13.3 mm. Interventions and Outcomes: The patient completed 60 sessions of Mirror Image® spinal exercises, adjustments, and traction over 45 weeks...
May 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282846/meta-analysis-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-for-relief-of-spinal-pain
#7
REVIEW
L Resende, E Merriwether, É P Rampazo, D Dailey, J Embree, J Deberg, R E Liebano, K A Sluka
We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis analysing the existing data on transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) or interferential current (IFC) for chronic low back pain (CLBP) and/or neck pain (CNP) taking into account intensity and timing of stimulation, examining pain, function and disability. Seven electronic databases were searched for TENS or IFC treatment in non-specific CLBP or CNP. Four reviewers independently selected randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of TENS or IFC intervention in adult individuals with non-specific CLBP or CNP...
December 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273083/effectiveness-costs-and-cost-effectiveness-of-chiropractic-care-and-physiotherapy-compared-with-information-and-advice-in-the-treatment-of-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Filip Gedin, Martin Skeppholm, Kristina Burström, Vibeke Sparring, Mesfin Tessma, Niklas Zethraeus
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a global public health problem and a leading cause of disability all over the world. The lifetime prevalence of low back pain is 70-80% and a significant proportion of people affected develop chronic low back pain (CLBP). Besides a severe negative impact on people's health and health-related quality of life, CLBP is associated with substantial costs for society. Medical costs for the management of CLBP and costs for production losses due to absenteeism from work are sizeable...
December 22, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259814/diagnosis-of-psychosocial-risk-factors-in-prevention-of-low-back-pain-in-athletes-mispex
#9
Pia-Maria Wippert, Anne-Katrin Puschmann, Adamantios Arampatzis, Marcus Schiltenwolf, Frank Mayer
Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a common pain syndrome in athletes, responsible for 28% of missed training days/year. Psychosocial factors contribute to chronic pain development. This study aims to investigate the transferability of psychosocial screening tools developed in the general population to athletes and to define athlete-specific thresholds. Methods: Data from a prospective multicentre study on LBP were collected at baseline and 1-year follow-up (n=52 athletes, n=289 recreational athletes and n=246 non-athletes)...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248397/comparison-of-low-back-mobility-and-stability-exercises-from-pilates-in-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Iã Ferreira Miranda, Catiane Souza, Alexandre Tavares Schneider, Leandro Campos Chagas, Jefferson Fagundes Loss
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence in the literature about the effectiveness of the Pilates methods in the low back pain. Moreover, Pilates focus on exercises that empathizes the stability and/or mobility of the spine. Therefore, it is discussed in the literature whether higher levels of stability or mobility of the lumbar spine generates better results, both in performance and rehabilitation for low back pain. OBJECTIVES: Compare the effects of the low back mobility and stability exercises from Pilates Method on low back pain, disability and movement functionality in individuals with non-specific chronic low back pain...
December 8, 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244841/individual-preferences-for-physical-exercise-as-secondary-prevention-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#11
Emmanuel Aboagye, Jan Hagberg, Iben Axén, Lydia Kwak, Malin Lohela-Karlsson, Eva Skillgate, Gunilla Dahlgren, Irene Jensen
BACKGROUND: Exercise is effective in improving non-specific low back pain (LBP). Certain components of physical exercise, such as the type, intensity and frequency of exercise, are likely to influence participation among working adults with non-specific LBP, but the value and relative importance of these components remain unknown. The study's aim was to examine such specific components and their influence on individual preferences for exercise for secondary prevention of non-specific LBP among working adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240738/outcome-of-acute-hospital-admission-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-what-is-the-role-of-mri
#12
Eric Ta Lim, Jean-Claude Theis
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common worldwide condition, affecting most people during their lifetime. Various imaging modalities are being used to assist clinicians in diagnosing and thus, aid in formulating a suitable management plan. Extensive research has been carried out in assessing this condition due to its high prevalence, with many guidelines published internationally. AIM: To determine whether MRI imaging influences the management of patients admitted with acute, non-specific low back pain between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2015...
December 15, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240646/genetic-and-environmental-contributions-to-sleep-quality-and-low-back-pain-a-population-based-twin-study
#13
Marina B Pinheiro, Jose J Morosoli, Manuela L Ferreira, Juan J Madrid-Valero, Kathryn Refshauge, Paulo H Ferreira, Juan R Ordoñana
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the extent to which the co-occurrence of poor sleep quality and low back pain is due to the same genetic and/or environmental risk factors or due to a causal association. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality index) and low back pain were collected in a population-based sample of adult twins (n=2,134) registered with the Murcia Twin Registry. Bivariate analysis and structural equation modelling were used...
December 13, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239235/assessing-self-reported-disability-in-a-low-literate-population-with-chronic-low-back-pain-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-testing-of-igbo-roland-morris-disability-questionnaire
#14
Chinonso N Igwesi-Chidobe, Chinwe Obiekwe, Isaac O Sorinola, Emma L Godfrey
PURPOSE: Cross-culturally adapt and validate the Igbo Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire. METHOD: Cross-cultural adaptation, test-retest, and cross-sectional psychometric testing. Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire was forward and back translated by clinical/non-clinical translators. An expert committee appraised the translations. Twelve participants with chronic low back pain pre-tested the measure in a rural Nigerian community. Internal consistency using Cronbach's alpha; test-retest reliability using intra-class correlation coefficient and Bland-Altman plot; and minimal detectable change were investigated in a convenient sample of 50 people with chronic low back pain in rural and urban Nigeria...
December 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234556/transversus-abdominis-activation-and-timing-improves-following-core-stability-training-a-randomized-trial
#15
Noelle M Selkow, Molly R Eck, Stephen Rivas
Background: Patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP) often present with a decrease in transversus abdominis (TrA) muscle activation and delayed onset of contraction with extremity movements, potentially contributing to recurrent LBP. Core stability is required for extremity movement and if the timing of when the TrA contracts is not corrected patients may continue to experience LBP. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a four-week core stability rehabilitation program on TrA activation ratio and when the TrA initiates contraction during upper extremity movements in subjects with and without LBP...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231159/facet-joint-injections-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-feasibility-rct
#16
Saowarat Snidvongs, Rod S Taylor, Alia Ahmad, Simon Thomson, Manohar Sharma, Angela Farr, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Stephanie Poulton, Vivek Mehta, Richard Langford
BACKGROUND: Pain of lumbar facet-joint origin is a common cause of low back pain in adults and may lead to chronic pain and disability, with associated health and socioeconomic implications. The socioeconomic burden includes an inability to return to work resulting in loss of productivity in addition to direct and indirect health-care utilisation costs. Lumbar facet-joints are paired synovial joints between the superior and inferior articular processes of consecutive lumbar vertebrae and between the fifth lumbar vertebra and the sacrum...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230905/muscle-control-and-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain
#17
REVIEW
Marc Russo, Kristiaan Deckers, Sam Eldabe, Kyle Kiesel, Chris Gilligan, John Vieceli, Peter Crosby
OBJECTIVES: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is the most prevalent of the painful musculoskeletal conditions. CLBP is a heterogeneous condition with many causes and diagnoses, but there are few established therapies with strong evidence of effectiveness (or cost effectiveness). CLBP for which it is not possible to identify any specific cause is often referred to as non-specific chronic LBP (NSCLBP). One type of NSCLBP is continuing and recurrent primarily nociceptive CLBP due to vertebral joint overload subsequent to functional instability of the lumbar spine...
December 12, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225944/biopsychosocial-factors-associated-with-chronic-low-back-pain-disability-in-rural-nigeria-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#18
Chinonso Nwamaka Igwesi-Chidobe, Bolaji Coker, Chika N Onwasigwe, Isaac O Sorinola, Emma L Godfrey
Introduction: Many people in Nigeria are living with disability due to chronic low back pain (CLBP), with the greatest burden accounted for by people living in rural Nigeria. However, factors associated with disability in rural Nigeria have not yet been established. We investigated the biomechanical and psychosocial predictors of CLBP disability in a rural Nigerian population. Methods: A cross-sectional study of adults with non-specific CLBP recruited from rural communities in Enugu State, South-eastern Nigeria...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201820/clinical-usefulness-of-x-ray-findings-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-in-korean-farmers-farm-study
#19
Eun Kyoung Kang, Hee-Won Park, Sung Hyun Kim, Sora Baek
Objective: To elucidate the association between non-specific low back pain (NSLBP) and spinal X-ray findings in Korean farmers: Farmers' Cohort for Agricultural Work-Related Musculoskeletal disorders (FARM) study. Methods: A total of 835 farmers (391 males, 444 females; mean age, 56.6±7.4 years) without red-flag signs of specific LBP were recruited. Presence of LBP more than one week or once a month with more than moderate degree of pain severity during the last year was assessed with a binary questionnaire (yes or no)...
October 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194127/core-outcome-measurement-instruments-for-clinical-trials-in-non-specific-low-back-pain
#20
Alessandro Chiarotto, Maarten Boers, Richard A Deyo, Rachelle Buchbinder, Terry P Corbin, Leonardo O P Costa, Nadine E Foster, Margreth Grotle, Bart W Koes, Francisco M Kovacs, Chung-Wei Christine Lin, Chris G Maher, Adam M Pearson, Wilco C Peul, Mark L Schoene, Dennis C Turk, Maurits W van Tulder, Caroline B Terwee, Raymond W Ostelo
To standardize outcome reporting in clinical trials of patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP), an international multidisciplinary panel recommended physical functioning, pain intensity, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) as core outcome domains. Given the lack of consensus on measurement instruments for these three domains in patients with LBP, this study aimed to generate such consensus. The measurement properties of 17 patient-reported outcome measures for physical functioning, three for pain intensity, and five for HRQoL were appraised in three systematic reviews following COSMIN methodology...
November 24, 2017: Pain
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