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Non-specific Low Back Pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128293/test-retest-reliability-of-sit-to-stand-and-stand-to-sit-analysis-in-people-with-and-without-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#1
Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Rasool Bagheri, Elham Jannati
BACKGROUND: Sit-to-stand (STD) and stand-to-sit (SIT) analysis can provide information on functional independence in daily activities in patients with low back pain (LBP). However, in order for measurements to be clinically useful, data on psychometric properties should be available. OBJECTIVES: The main purpose was to investigate intra-rater reliability of STD and SIT tasks in participants with and without chronic non-specific LBP (CNLBP). The second purpose was to detect any differences in lumbar spine and hips sagittal plane kinematics and coordination between asymptomatic individuals and CNLBP patients during STD and SIT...
November 6, 2017: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114516/comparative-effectiveness-of-lumbar-stabilization-dynamic-strengthening-and-pilates-on-chronic-low-back-pain-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Esha A Bhadauria, Peeyoosha Gurudut
The aim of the present study was to compare three different forms of exercises namely lumbar stabilization, dynamic strengthening, and Pilates on chronic low back pain (LBP) in terms of pain, range of motion, core strength and function. In this study, 44 subjects suffering from non-specific LBP for more than 3 months were randomly allocated into the lumbar stabilization group, the dynamic strengthening group, and the Pilates group. Ten sessions of exercises for 3 weeks were prescribed along with interferential current and hot moist pack...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112155/efficacy-of-bee-venom-acupuncture-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-double-blinded-sham-controlled-trial
#3
Byung-Kwan Seo, Kyungsun Han, Ojin Kwon, Dae-Jean Jo, Jun-Hwan Lee
Bee venom acupuncture (BVA) is an effective treatment for chronic low back pain (CLBP) through the pharmacological effects of bee venom and the simultaneous stimulation of acupoints. However, evidence of its efficacy and safety in humans remains unclear. Using a double-blind, randomized study, 54 patients with non-specific CLBP were assigned to the BVA and sham groups. All participants underwent six sessions of real or sham BVA for 3 weeks, in addition to administration of 180 mg of loxonin per day. The primary outcome, that is, "bothersomeness" derived from back pain, was assessed using the visual analog scale...
November 7, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097026/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-movement-system-impairment-syndromes
#4
REVIEW
Shirley Sahrmann, Daniel C Azevedo, Linda Van Dillen
BACKGROUND: Diagnoses and treatments based on movement system impairment syndromes were developed to guide physical therapy treatment. OBJECTIVES: This masterclass aims to describe the concepts on that are the basis of the syndromes and treatment and to provide the current research on movement system impairment syndromes. RESULTS: The conceptual basis of the movement system impairment syndromes is that sustained alignment in a non-ideal position and repeated movements in a specific direction are thought to be associated with several musculoskeletal conditions...
September 27, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080466/improved-compensatory-postural-adjustments-of-the-deep-abdominals-following-exercise-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#5
Michael F Knox, Lucy S Chipchase, Siobhan M Schabrun, Paul W M Marshall
The purpose of this study was to determine if 8 weeks of exercise affects motor control in people with chronic low back pain (CLBP), measured by anticipatory (APAs) and compensatory postural adjustments (CPAs). APAs and CPAs were measured prior to and following 8 weeks in two groups of people with CLBP: an exercise group (n=12) who attended three exercise sessions per week for 8 weeks; and a non-exercise control group (n=12) who were advised to continue their usual activities for the duration of the study. APAs and CPAs were recorded during unilateral arm flexion, bilaterally from rectus abdominis (RA), transverse abdominis/internal oblique (TA/IO), and erector spinae (ES) via surface electromyography...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077966/the-pelvic-girdle-questionnaire-responsiveness-and-minimal-important-change-in-women-with-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-low-back-pain-or-both
#6
Britt Stuge, Hanne Krogstad Jenssen, Margreth Grotle
Background: The Pelvic Girdle Questionnaire (PGQ) is a condition-specific measure for women with pelvic girdle pain (PGP). The PGQ includes items relating to activity/participation and bodily symptoms and has reliability, validity, and feasibility for use in research and clinical practice. Objective: The purposes of this study were to examine the responsiveness of the PGQ, to determine the minimal important change (MIC) for the PGQ, and to compare the PGQ with other outcome measures...
November 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071410/effects-of-lumbosacral-orthoses-on-postural-control-in-individuals-with-or-without-non-specific-low-back-pain
#7
Jie Mi, Jiling Ye, Xin Zhao, Jie Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of lumbosacral orthoses (LSOs) on postural control in individuals with or without non-specific low back pain (NSLBP). METHODS: Individuals with NSLBP (n = 28) and healthy controls (n = 28) were enrolled to assess the postural control with or without LSOs. Postural control was tested using the Balance Master(®) NeuroCom system by the modified clinical test of sensory interaction and balance. RESULTS: Relative to controls, patients with NSLBP had deficits in postural control with greater center of pressure (COP) sway velocity when standing on firm surface (with eyes open: p = 0...
October 25, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070637/effects-of-photobiomodulation-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-protocol-for-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#8
Shaiane Silva Tomazoni, Lucíola da Cunha Menezes Costa, Layana de Souza Guimarães, Amanda Costa Araujo, Dafne Port Nascimento, Flávia Cordeiro de Medeiros, Marina Athayde Avanzi, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the largest and most frequent public health problems worldwide. Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) is a frequently used non-pharmacological therapy for the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. However, there is little high-quality scientific evidence that demonstrates the effectiveness of PBMT in the treatment of patients with chronic LBP in the short, medium and long term. Therefore, the objective of this clinical trial is to evaluate the effects of PBMT in patients with chronic non-specific LBP in the short, medium and long term...
October 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067082/effectiveness-of-core-stabilization-exercises-and-routine-exercise-therapy-in-management-of-pain-in-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Muhammad Waseem Akhtar, Hossein Karimi, Syed Amir Gilani
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Low back pain is a frequent problem faced by the majority of people at some point in their lifetime. Exercise therapy has been advocated an effective treatment for chronic low back pain. However, there is lack of consensus on the best exercise treatment and numerous studies are underway. Conclusive studies are lacking especially in this part of the world. Thisstudy was designed to compare the effectiveness of specific stabilization exercises with routine physical therapy exerciseprovided in patients with nonspecific chronic mechanical low back pain...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057019/a-summary-of-a-cochrane-review-yoga-treatment-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#10
L Susan Wieland, Nancy Santesso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: European Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052033/a-random-perturbation-therapy-in-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-patients-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Adamantios Arampatzis, Arno Schroll, Maria Moreno Catalá, Gunnar Laube, Sabine Schüler, Karsten Dreinhofer
The purpose of the study was to assess the effectiveness of a specific rehabilitation therapy for chronic non-specific low-back pain patients, based on a random/irregular functional perturbation training induced by force disturbances to the spine. Forty patients (20 controls and 20 in the perturbation-based group) finished the whole experimental design. A random-perturbation exercise, which included variable and unpredictable disturbances, was implemented in the therapy of the perturbation-based group (13 weeks, two times per week and 1...
October 19, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037640/effect-of-movement-control-and-stabilization-exercises-in-people-with-extension-related-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-pilot-study
#12
Sara Salamat, Saeed Talebian, Hosein Bagheri, Nader Maroufi, Mohammad Jafar Shaterzadeh, Gitta Kalbasi, Kieran O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Exercise is considered an effective treatment strategy for non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP).background In spite of the wide use of exercise protocols, it is not clear what type of exercise is more effective in decreasing pain, disability and normalizing muscle activation patterns in people with chronic low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of two exercise protocols (stabilization vs movement control) on pain and disability scores and the flexion relaxation ratio (FRR) of lumbar multifidus (LM) and iliocostalis lumbarum pars thoracic (ICLT) in people with extension related non-specific chronic low back pain...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037616/the-effect-of-motor-control-training-on-kinetics-variables-of-patients-with-non-specific-low-back-pain-and-movement-control-impairment-prospective-observational-study
#13
Vahid Mohammadi, Amir Letafatkar, Haydar Sadeghi, AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Roger Hilfiker
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of motor control training on pain, disability and motor control indices in patients with nonspecific low back pain (NSLBP) and movement control impairment (MCI) and also to evaluate the correlation between the changes in disability and the motor control indices. METHODS: Thirty people with NSLBP and MCI based on a clinical examination were following either motor control training or normal activity over 8 weeks...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031994/clinical-classification-criteria-for-neurogenic-claudication-caused-by-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-the-n-class-criteria
#14
Stéphane Genevay, Delphine S Courvoisier, Kika Konstantinou, Francisco M Kovacs, Marc Marty, James Rainville, Michael Norberg, Jean-François Kaux, Thomas D Cha, Jeffrey N Katz, Steven J Atlas
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Since imaging findings of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) may not be associated with symptoms, clinical classification criteria based on patient symptoms and physical examination findings are needed. PURPOSE: To develop clinical classification criteria that identify patients with neurogenic claudication (NC) caused by LSS. STUDY DESIGN: Two stage process. Phase 1: Delphi process; Phase 2: cross-sectional study. PATIENT SAMPLE: Outpatients recruited from spine clinics in 5 countries...
October 12, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030287/inhibition-of-pain-and-pain-related-brain-activity-by-heterotopic-noxious-counter-stimulation-and-selective-attention-in-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#15
Alexandra Ladouceur, Nabi Rustamov, Jean-Daniel Dubois, Jessica Tessier, Alexandre Lehmann, Martin Descarreaux, Pierre Rainville, Mathieu Piché
The aim of the present study was to assess inhibition of pain and somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) by heterotopic noxious counter-stimulation (HNCS) and by selective attention in patients with chronic non-specific LBP. Seventeen patients and age/sex-matched controls were recruited (10 men, 7 women; mean age ± SD: 43.3 ± 10.4 and 42.7 ± 11.1, respectively). On average, patients with LBP reported pain duration of 7.6 ± 6.5 years, light to moderate disability (19.3 ± 5.7/100) and low clinical pain intensity (21...
October 10, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021908/effectiveness-of-a-standardised-exercise-programme-for-recurrent-neck-and-low-back-pain-a-multicentre-randomised-two-arm-parallel-group-trial-across-34-fitness-clubs-in-finland
#16
Jaana H Suni, Marjo Rinne, Kari Tokola, Ari Mänttäri, Tommi Vasankari
BACKGROUND: Neck and low back pain (LBP) are common in office workers. Exercise trials to reduce neck and LBP conducted in sport sector are lacking. We investigated the effectiveness of the standardised Fustra20Neck&Back exercise program for reducing pain and increasing fitness in office workers with recurrent non-specific neck and/or LBP. METHOD: Volunteers were recruited through newspaper and Facebook. The design is a multi-centre randomised, two-arm, parallel group trial across 34 fitness clubs in Finland...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988358/reliability-and-validity-of-the-cross-culturally-adapted-turkish-version-of-the-core-outcome-measures-index-for-low-back-pain
#17
Engin Çetin, Evrim Coşkun Çelik, Emre Acaroğlu, Haluk Berk
PURPOSE: To produce a cross-culturally adapted and validated Turkish version of The Core Outcome Measure Index (COMI) Back questionnaire. METHODS: Ninety-six Turkish-speaking patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP) were recruited from orthopedic and physical therapy outpatient clinics in a public hospital. They completed a booklet of questionnaires containing Turkish version of COMI, adjectival pain scale, Roland Morris disability questionnaire, European 5 Dimension Questionnaire and brief version of World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire...
October 7, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983415/bilharzial-arthropathy-rare-cause-of-chronic-arthritis-in-tropical-areas
#18
Hoby N Rakotomalala, Maminirina V Ranaivoarison, Francia Andrianjafison, Dimby S Ralandison
Bilharziasis is a parasitic disease that affects the urinary tract and intestines. Finding bilharzia in joints is exceptional. We report two cases of Malagasy patients living in a highly endemic bilharziasis area and having chronic arthritis due to bilharziasis. The first case was a 32-year-old man presenting with a clinical picture of spondylitis with chronic oligoarthritis and paroxysmal asymmetric in his lower limbs, accompanied with sacroiliac pain and episodic dysentery. We retained the diagnosis of bilharziasis arthritis because of positive schistosomiasis serology in the joint fluid and the blood, poor response to therapy with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and high efficacy of treatment with specific antiparasitic drugs...
September 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959069/lumbar-spine-x-ray-as-a-standard-investigation-for-all-low-back-pain-in-ghana-is-it-evidence-based
#19
Abena Y Tannor
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) has a prevalence of 84% in Africa. The commonest form of imaging is plain lumbar spine x-ray. It gives a radiation dose equivalent to 65 times a chest x-ray dose and sends one of the highest doses to the human reproductive organs. The commonest cause of LBP in Africa is degenerative disease. X-ray findings do not change mode of treatment yet most physicians still routinely request for x-rays. METHODS: This is a systematic review of databases including The Cochrane, CINAHL plus, AMED, and MEDLINE...
March 2017: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953710/quality-of-life-and-slip-progression-in-degenerative-spondylolisthesis-treated-non-operatively
#20
Duncan Cushnie, Ryan Johnstone, Jennifer C Urquhart, Kevin R Gurr, Stewart I Bailey, Christopher S Bailey
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of consecutive patients. OBJECTIVE: Determination of the quality of life (QoL) and prevalence of slip progression in patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis managed non-operatively. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lumbar spinal stenosis secondary to degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis is a common radiographic diagnosis associated with chronic back pain and radicular symptoms. There is limited evidence as to the clinical course in terms of validated QoL measures, and the extent of slip progression in patients with this condition treated non-operatively...
September 26, 2017: Spine
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