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Non-specific Low Back Pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346472/can-group-based-reassuring-information-alter-low-back-pain-behavior-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Pernille Frederiksen, Aage Indahl, Lars L Andersen, Kim Burton, Rasmus Hertzum-Larsen, Tom Bendix
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is common in the population and multifactorial in nature, often involving negative consequences. Reassuring information to improve coping is recommended for reducing the negative consequences of LBP. Adding a simple non-threatening explanation for the pain (temporary muscular dysfunction) has been successful at altering beliefs and behavior when delivered with other intervention elements. This study investigates the isolated effect of this specific information on future occupational behavior outcomes when delivered to the workforce...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340202/validity-and-reproducibility-of-the-start-back-tool-dutch-version-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-in-primary-care-settings
#2
Jasper D Bier, Raymond W J G Ostelo, Miranda L van Hooff, Bart W Koes, Arianne P Verhagen
Objective: To translate, and to investigate the reliability and validity of the STarT Back screening tool (SBT) in the primary care setting among patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP). Methods: The SBT was formally translated in Dutch following a multistep approach for forward and backward translation. General practitioners and physiotherapists included patients with LBP. Patients completed a baseline a questionnaire and a follow-up at three days and three months...
March 9, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338573/a-machine-learning-based-surface-electromyography-topography-evaluation-for-prognostic-prediction-of-functional-restoration-rehabilitation-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#3
Naifu Jiang, Keith Dip-Kei Luk, Yong Hu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and applicability of support vector machine (SVM) algorithm in classifying patients with LBP who would obtain satisfactory or unsatisfactory progress after the functional restoration rehabilitation program. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Dynamic surface electromyography (SEMG) topography has demonstrated the potential use in predicting the prognosis of functional restoration rehabilitation for patients with low back pain (LBP)...
March 23, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283515/comparison-of-mri-with-radiography-for-detecting-structural-lesions-of-the-sacroiliac-joint-using-ct-as-standard-of-reference-results-from-the-simact-study
#4
Torsten Diekhoff, Kay-Geert A Hermann, Juliane Greese, Carsten Schwenke, Denis Poddubnyy, Bernd Hamm, Joachim Sieper
OBJECTIVE: Radiographs of sacroiliac (SI) joints are used for the detection of structural damage in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), but are often difficult to interpret. Here, we address the question how the T1-weighted MRI (T1w MRI) sequence compares with radiography for SI joints' structural lesions using low-dose CT as the standard of reference. METHODS: Radiographs, T1w MRI and low-dose CT of the SI joints from 110 patients (mean age 36.1 (19-57) years, 52% males and 48% females; 53% with axSpA, 21 non-radiographic axSpA and 32% radiographic axSpA, 47% with non-SpA) referred to the rheumatologist because of unclear chronic back pain, but possible axSpA, were scored for structural lesions (erosions, sclerosis, joint space changes and an overall impression of positivity)...
March 10, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282795/measurement-properties-of-the-brazilian-version-of-the-working-alliance-inventory-patient-and-therapist-short-forms-and-session-rating-scale-for-low-back-pain
#5
Amanda Costa Araujo, Rúben Negrão Filho, Crystian B Oliveira, Paulo H Ferreira, Rafael Z Pinto
BACKGROUND: In the low back pain (LBP) field, therapeutic alliance is considered a non-specific factor of interventions associated with improvements in clinical outcomes. However, there is a paucity of studies aimed to evaluate measurement properties of tools used to objectively quantify the alliance between therapist and patients, such as the Working Alliance Inventory (WAI) and Session Rating Scale (SRS). OBJECTIVE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the short-form version of WAI - therapist and SRS into Brazilian Portuguese; to investigate the measurement properties, of the WAI-Patient, WAI-Therapist and SRS in patients with LBP and their physical therapists, respectively...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277866/treatment-for-chronic-low-back-pain-the-focus-should-change-to-multimodal-management-that-reflects-the-underlying-pain-mechanisms
#6
Gerhard Müller-Schwefe, Bart Morlion, Karsten Ahlbeck, Eli Alon, Stefano Coaccioli, Flaminia Coluzzi, Frank Huygen, Wolfgang Jaksch, Eija Kalso, Magdalena Kocot-Kępska, Hans-Georg Kress, Ana Cristina Mangas, Cesar Margarit Ferri, Philippe Mavrocordatos, Andrew Nicolaou, Concepción Pérez Hernández, Joseph Pergolizzi, Michael Schäfer, Patrick Sichère
Chronic low back pain: Chronic pain is the most common cause for people to utilize healthcare resources and has a considerable impact upon patients' lives. The most prevalent chronic pain condition is chronic low back pain (CLBP). CLBP may be nociceptive or neuropathic, or may incorporate both components. The presence of a neuropathic component is associated with more intense pain of longer duration, and a higher prevalence of co-morbidities. However, many physicians' knowledge of chronic pain mechanisms is currently limited and there are no universally accepted treatment guidelines, so the condition is not particularly well managed...
March 22, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260158/valuing-individuals-preferences-and-health-choices-of-physical-exercise
#7
Emmanuel Aboagye
The efficacy of physical exercise for the prevention and treatment of non-specific low back pain (LBP) is well documented, but little is known about how individuals value specific components of physical exercise, such as the type and design or the intensity and frequency of exercise. Other factors that influence individual differences in health choices and adherence are associated with individuals' attitudes toward and likelihood of performing recommended exercise regimens. Current evidence shows that efficacy is similar among exercise interventions, but their features vary widely...
March 4, 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257618/clinical-specialization-and-adherence-to-evidence-based-practice-guidelines-for-low-back-pain-management-a-survey-of-united-states-physical-therapists
#8
Carlos E Ladeira, M Samuel Cheng, Rubens A da Silva
Study Design Electronic cross-sectional survey. Background The American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) EBP guideline for low back pain (LBP) elaborated on strategies to manage non-specific LBP in routine physical therapy practice. This guideline described LBP associated with mobility deficit, leg pain and a directional preference, coordination impairment (lumbar instability), and fear avoidance behavior (FAB). Objectives To assess American physical therapists' (PTs) adherence to the Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) for LBP of the Orthopaedic Section of the APTA, and to compare adherence among PTs with different qualifications...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243368/a-survey-on-low-back-pain-risk-factors-in-steel-industry-workers-in-2015
#9
Ehsan Rafeemanesh, Farzad Omidi Kashani, Reza Parvaneh, Fatemeh Ahmadi
STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) and its association with individual factors and current job status among steel industry workers in Mashhad, Iran. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Several studies have been conducted on LBP and its related risk factors, some of which emphasized oc-cupational factors as the main etiology of LBP. Meanwhile, individual risk factors have been emphasized in other studies...
February 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223306/motor-control-exercise-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-pedro-synthesis
#10
Cameron C New, Jasan Dannaway, Heather New, Charles H New
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214616/exploring-factors-influencing-low-back-pain-in-people-with-nondysvascular-lower-limb-amputation-a-national-survey
#11
Hemakumar Devan, Paul Hendrick, Leigh Hale, Allan Carman, Michael P Dillon, Daniel Cury Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal impairment in people with lower limb amputation. Given the multifactorial nature of LBP, exploring the factors influencing the presence and intensity of LBP is warranted. OBJECTIVE: To investigate which physical, personal, and amputee-specific factors predicted the presence and intensity of LBP in persons with nondysvascular transfemoral amputation (TFA) and transtibial amputation (TTA). DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional survey...
March 2, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211588/is-this-back-pain-killing-me-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-specific-mortality-in-older-danish-twins-with-spinal-pain
#12
M Fernandez, E Boyle, J Hartvigsen, M L Ferreira, K M Refshauge, C G Maher, K Christensen, J L Hopper, P H Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the potentially reduced life expectancy associated with spinal pain (i.e. low back and neck pain) in an ageing population, particularly after controlling for familial factors, including genetics. METHODS: We investigated whether spinal pain increased the rate of all-cause and disease-specific cardiovascular mortality in older Danish twins aged ≥70 years. Data from 4391 participants collected at baseline were linked with the Danish Cause of Death Registry with the study ending on 31 December 2014...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186946/gabapentinoids-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#13
Harsha Shanthanna, Ian Gilron, Lehana Thabane, Philip J Devereaux, Mohit Bhandari, Rizq AlAmri, Manikandan Rajarathinam, Sriganesh Kamath
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a common condition and causes significant pain, distress and disability across the world. It is multifactorial in aetiology and is challenging to manage. Although the underlying mechanism of pain is predominantly non-specific, many argue that there is a substantial neuropathic pain element. Neuropathic pain is more severe, with significant disability. Gabapentinoids, including gabapentin and pregabalin, have proven efficacy in some neuropathic pain conditions...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181773/influence-of-the-fitbit-charge-hr-on-physical-activity-aerobic-fitness-and-disability-in-non-specific-back-pain-participants
#14
Rebecca Gordon, Saul Bloxham
BACKGROUND: Increasing levels of physical activity (PA) and aerobic fitness can reduce non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) yet patient's physical activity 1 and aerobic fitness 2 have been shown to be lower than healthy counterparts. Pedometers are effective at promoting PA 3, yet more 'advanced consumer level activity monitors' (AAMs) can provide greater feedback to the user. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of new advances in commercially available wearable technology on PA, aerobic fitness and disability of low back pain participants...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173931/the-immediate-effects-of-exercise-using-the-functional-re-adaptive-exercise-device-on-lumbopelvic-kinematics-in-people-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#15
A Winnard, D Debuse, M Wilkinson, R Tahmosybayat, N Caplan
BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of the lumbar multifidus (LM) and transversus abdominis (TrA) muscles is associated with low back pain (LBP). The Functional Re-adaptive Exercise Device (FRED) has shown potential as a non-specific LBP intervention by automatically recruiting LM and TrA. Loss or lordosis and altered lumbopelvic positioning has also been linked to LBP and is often trained within LM and TrA interventions. The effect that FRED exercise has on lumbopelvic positioning and lumbar lordosis is unknown...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155048/patient-versus-general-population-health-state-valuations-a-case-study-of-non-specific-low-back-pain
#16
J M van Dongen, B van denBerg, G E Bekkering, M W van Tulder, R W J G Ostelo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to compare non-specific low back pain (LBP) patients' health state valuations with those of the general population, and (2) to explore how aspects of health-related quality of life as measured by the EQ-5D-3L impact non-specific LBP patient valuations. METHODS: Data were used of a randomized controlled trial, including 483 non-specific LBP patients. Outcomes included the EQ-VAS and the EQ-5D-3L. Patient valuations were derived from the EQ-VAS...
February 2, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144188/clinical-manifestations-in-82-neurobrucellosis-patients-from-kosovo
#17
Shemsedin Dreshaj, Nexhmedin Shala, Gresa Dreshaj, Naser Ramadani, Albina Ponosheci
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system involvement is a serious complication of brucellosis with various incidence and various clinical presentations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Hospitalized patients in University Clinical Centre, Clinic for Infectious diseases in Prishtina, with laboratory-confirmed brucellosis, were analyzed, a brucellosis-endemic region. Among the 648 confirmed cases with brucellosis during the period 1991- 2013, 82 patients (12.65%) were diagnosed with neurobrucellosis...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119210/comparison-of-the-trunk-pelvis-and-lower-extremities-sagittal-plane-inter-segmental-coordination-and-variability-during-walking-in-persons-with-and-without-chronic-low-back-pain
#18
Samaneh Ebrahimi, Fahimeh Kamali, Mohsen Razeghi, Seyyed Arash Haghpanah
Inter-segmental coordination can be influenced by chronic low back pain (CLBP). The sagittal plane lower extremities inter-segmental coordination pattern and variability, in conjunction with the pelvis and trunk, were assessed in subjects with and without non-specific CLBP during free-speed walking. Kinematic data were collected from 10 non-specific CLBP and 10 non-CLBP control volunteers while the subjects were walking at their preferred speed. Sagittal plane time-normalized segmental angles and velocities were used to calculate continuous relative phase for each data point...
January 21, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103470/gender-differences-in-asymmetrical-limb-support-patterns-between-subjects-with-and-without-recurrent-low-back-pain
#19
Paul S Sung, J Tim Zipple, Pamela Danial
New insight regarding limb-dominance effects on temporal-spatial gait parameters is needed to further investigate subjects with recurrent low back pain (LBP). Although an asymmetrical gait pattern was found to reflect natural functional differences, there is a lack of information regarding gender differences on dominant limb support patterns in subjects with LBP. The purpose of this study was to investigate temporal-spatial gait parameters based on limb dominance and gender between subjects with and without LBP...
January 16, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100201/developing-a-practice-guideline-for-the-occupational-health-services-by-using-a-community-of-practice-approach-a-process-evaluation-of-the-development-process
#20
Lydia Kwak, Charlotte Wåhlin, Kjerstin Stigmar, Irene Jensen
BACKGROUND: One way to facilitate the translation of research into the occupational health service practice is through clinical practice guidelines. To increase the implementability of guidelines it is important to include the end-users in the development, for example by a community of practice approach. This paper describes the development of an occupational health practice guideline aimed at the management of non-specific low back pain (LBP) by using a community of practice approach...
January 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
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