keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Perioperative medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922894/antimicrobial-prophylaxis-practice-patterns-in-breast-augmentation-a-national-survey-of-current-practice
#1
Karan Chopra, Arvind U Gowda, Colton H L McNichols, Emile N Brown, Sheri Slezak, Yvonne Rasko
BACKGROUND: Breast augmentation is one of the most commonly performed aesthetic surgery procedures worldwide. Bacterial contamination is of paramount concern due to its role in biofilm formation and capsular contracture. Plastic surgeons have adopted a variety of perioperative interventions in efforts to reduce implant contamination, however definitive evidence supporting these practices is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess current practice patterns aimed at reducing implant-related infections in breast augmentation and comparing them to current evidence-based medicine recommendations...
December 5, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916027/-current-status-of-lung-transplantation-in-china-problems-and-perspectives
#2
X A Wang, G N Jiang
Despite rapid progress, clinical lung transplantation in China still lags far behind. A great challenge remains in donor lung utilization and perioperative medicine. It's really abnormal that we are so backward in lung transplantation when we have come up with the advanced world levels in thoracic surgery, pulmonology and critical care medicine. Our shortcomings were analyzed by comparing lung transplantation in China and in the advanced countries. The first problem is multidisciplinary teamwork. In the United States, a lung transplant team includes physician specialized in lung transplantation, thoracic surgeons, nurses, respiratory therapists and other specialists possibly needed...
December 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905060/perioperative-risk-adjustment-for-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-are-simple-clinically-driven-models-sufficient
#3
David N Bernstein, Aakash Keswani, David Ring
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in value-based health care in the United States. Statistical analysis of large databases can inform us of the factors associated with and the probability of adverse events and unplanned readmissions that diminish quality and add expense. For example, increased operating time and high blood urea nitrogen (BUN) are associated with adverse events, whereas patients on antihypertensive medications were more likely to have an unplanned readmission. Many surgeons rely on their knowledge and intuition when assessing the risk of a procedure...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903336/-the-development-of-geriatric-anesthesia-in-china-based-on-the-concept-of-perioperative-medicine
#4
T L Wang, D X Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902502/zika-virus-and-patient-blood-management
#5
Lawrence T Goodnough, Marisa B Marques
Sporadic Zika virus infections had only occurred in Africa and Asia until an outbreak in Micronesia (Oceania) in 2007. In 2013 to 2014, several outer Pacific Islands reported local outbreaks. Soon thereafter, the virus was likely introduced in Brazil from competing athletes from French Polynesia and other countries that participated in a competition there. Transmission is thought to have occurred through mosquito bites and spread to the immunologically naive population. Being also a flavivirus, the Zika virus is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito that is endemic in South and Central America that is also the vector of West Nile virus, dengue, and chikungunya...
November 29, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901331/clinical-indices-and-biomarkers-for-perioperative-cardiac-risk-stratification-an-update
#6
Radmilo J Janković, Danica Z Marković, Dušan T Sokolović, Ivana Zdravković, Massimiliano Sorbello
European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/ European Society of Anesthesiology (ESA) highlighted that anesthesiologist has a leading role in perioperative cardiovascular assessment and management in the year of 2014. During cardiovascular assessment one can rely on cooperation of multi-disciplinary specialists like: other anesthesiologists, cardiologists and surgeons. For the purpose of precise systematization and decision making the Lee score or NSQUIP database can be used besides the traditionally used ASA score...
November 30, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900413/recommendations-of-the-german-association-of-anesthesiology-and-intensive-care-medicine-dgai-on-structured-patient-handover-in-the-perioperative-setting-the-sbar-concept
#7
V von Dossow, B Zwissler
Teamwork in the operating room and in the intensive care unit necessitates clear and precise communication; however, interruptions in communication frequently occur, especially in the perioperative phase. Patients are particularly susceptible to deficits in communication, e.g. due to higher stress peaks, simultaneous admission of several patients and concomitant treatment of emergency cases. The German Society of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (DGAI) therefore recommends the implementation of the so-called SBAR concept (S situation, B background, A assessment, R recommendation) for standardization of patient handover...
November 29, 2016: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898430/an-update-on-the-various-practical-applications-of-the-stop-bang-questionnaire-in-anesthesia-surgery-and-perioperative-medicine
#8
Mahesh Nagappa, Jean Wong, Mandeep Singh, David T Wong, Frances Chung
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review aims to provide an update on the various practical applications of the STOP-Bang questionnaire in anesthesia, surgery, and perioperative medicine. RECENT FINDINGS: The STOP-Bang questionnaire was originally validated as a screening tool to identify surgical patients who are at high-risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). A recent meta-analysis confirmed that STOP-Bang is validated for use in the sleep clinic, surgical, and general population...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896148/plasma-lyte-148-a-clinical-review
#9
Laurence Weinberg, Neil Collins, Kiara Van Mourik, Chong Tan, Rinaldo Bellomo
AIM: To outline the physiochemical properties and specific clinical uses of Plasma-Lyte 148 as choice of solution for fluid intervention in critical illness, surgery and perioperative medicine. METHODS: We performed an electronic literature search from Medline and PubMed (via Ovid), anesthesia and pharmacology textbooks, and online sources including studies that compared Plasma-Lyte 148 to other crystalloid solutions. The following keywords were used: "surgery", "anaesthesia", "anesthesia", "anesthesiology", "anaesthesiology", "fluids", "fluid therapy", "crystalloid", "saline", "plasma-Lyte", "plasmalyte", "hartmann's", "ringers" "acetate", "gluconate", "malate", "lactate"...
November 4, 2016: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895816/clinical-impact-of-chemotherapy-to-improve-tumor-microenvironment-of-pancreatic-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Shintaro Takeuchi, Toru Nakamura, Toshiaki Shichinohe, Satoshi Hirano
A perioperative multimodal strategy including combination chemotherapy and radiotherapy, in addition to surgical resection, has been acknowledged to improve patient prognosis. However chemotherapy has not been actively applied as an immunomodulating modality because of concerns about various immunosuppressive effects. It has recently been shown that certain chemotherapeutic agents could modify tumor microenvironment and host immune responses through several underlying mechanisms such as immunogenic cell death, local T-cell infiltration and also the eradication of immune-suppressing regulatory cells such as regulatory T cells (Tregs) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876245/perioperative-medicine-and-taiwan-national-health-insurance-research-database
#11
REVIEW
C C Chang, C C Liao, T L Chen
"Big data", characterized by 'volume', 'velocity', 'variety', and 'veracity', being routinely collected in huge amounts of clinical and administrative healthcare-related data are becoming common and generating promising viewpoints for a better understanding of the complexity for medical situations. Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), one of large and comprehensive nationwide population reimbursement databases in the world, provides the strength of sample size avoiding selection and participation bias...
November 18, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871580/c1-esterase-inhibitor-for-short-term-prophylaxis-in-a-patient-with-hereditary-angioedema-with-normal-c1-inhibitor-function
#12
Savio K H Yu, Jeannie Callum, Asim Alam
Hereditary angioedema with normal C1-esterase inhibitor (HAE-nC1INH) perioperative is a rare condition which could have potential disastrous ramifications for the anesthesiologist in the perioperative period. However, there is limited evidence and/or guidelines on the optimal way to manage these patients. We present the case of a patient with HAE-nC1INH who was successfully managed in the perioperative period with plasma derived C1-esterase inhibitor (pdC1INH). A 29-year-old woman with a diagnosis of HAE-nC1INH presented to the preoperative consultation in preparation for an upcoming total thyroidectomy...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861433/understanding-phenotypes-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-applications-in-anesthesia-surgery-and-perioperative-medicine
#13
Yamini Subramani, Mandeep Singh, Jean Wong, Clete A Kushida, Atul Malhotra, Frances Chung
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent sleep-disordered breathing with potential long-term major neurocognitive and cardiovascular sequelae. The pathophysiology of OSA varies between individuals and is composed of different underlying mechanisms. Several components including the upper airway anatomy, effectiveness of the upper airway dilator muscles such as the genioglossus, arousal threshold of the individual, and inherent stability of the respiratory control system determine the pathogenesis of OSA...
November 17, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843676/commentary-on-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-fusion-surgery-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-forsth-p-%C3%A3-lafsson-g-carlsson-t-frost-a-borgstr%C3%A3-m-f-fritzell-p-et-al-n-eng-j-med-2016-374-1414-23
#14
Nancy E Epstein
BACKGROUND: This article by Forsth et al. published in the New England Journal of Medicine entitled A randomized controlled trial of fusion surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis determined that decompressions alone vs. decompressions/fusions were equally effective in treating 1-2 level spinal stensois with/without degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). Additionally, decompression alone reduced the perioperative morbidity, while reducuing the length of hospital stay (LOS), operative time, and surgical costs...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824219/anaesthesia-management-for-non-cardiac-surgery-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#15
Tomohiro Yamamoto, Ehrenfried Schindler
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common form of congenital abnormality and occurs in over 1% of newborns. Approximately 30% of children with CHD have other extra-cardiac anomalies, which significantly increases mortality in CHD patients. It is expected that the number of CHD patients who consult non-specialized hospitals for non-cardiac surgery after palliative or corrective operations has increased because of the extraordinary progression of treatments, such as surgical procedures, interventional procedures, and intensive care medicine, as well as diagnosis...
November 8, 2016: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821154/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-attitudes-knowledge-and-use-among-surgeons-and-anaesthesiologists-in-hungary
#16
Sándor Árpád Soós, Norbert Jeszenői, Katalin Darvas, László Harsányi
BACKGROUND: Despite their worldwide popularity the question of using non-conventional treatments is a source of controversy among medical professionals. Although these methods may have potential benefits it presents a problem when patients use non-conventional treatments in the perioperative period without informing their attending physician about it and this may cause adverse events and complications. To prevent this, physicians need to have a profound knowledge about non-conventional treatments...
November 8, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816125/anesthesia-for-the-patient-with-concomitant-hepatic-and-renal-impairment
#17
REVIEW
Tricia E Brentjens, Ryan Chadha
Hepatic and renal disease are common comorbidities in patients presenting for intermediate- and high-risk surgery. With the evolution of perioperative medicine, anesthesiologists are encountering more patients who have significant hepatic and renal disease, both acute and chronic in nature. It is important that anesthesiologists have an in-depth understanding of the physiologic derangements seen with hepatic and renal disease to evaluate and manage these patients appropriately. Perioperative management requires an understanding of the physiologic perturbations associated with each disease process...
December 2016: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795775/-prioperative-adverse-events-critical-reading-of-the-data-registry-used-in-the-surgery-department-of-military-hospital-moulay-ismail-meknes
#18
Hicham Kechna, Omar Ouzzad, Khalid Chkoura, Jaouad Loutid, Moulay Ahmed Hachimi, Sidi Mohamed Hanafi
INTRODUCTION: Despite significant progress made in the field of safety in anesthesia, morbidity (serious or not, completely or partially related to anesthesia) remains common and no health practitioner is immune from accidents. In the current context where priority is given to training programmes, to quality and safety improvement in health care, the occurrence of an anesthesia-related accident in the surgery department is an extremely traumatic event. The fear of prosecution, the emotional context make it difficult to manage...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793632/radioguided-surgery-and-the-gostt-concept-from-pre-operative-image-and-intraoperative-navigation-to-image-assisted-excision
#19
H Bowles, N Sánchez, A Tapias, P Paredes, F Campos, C Bluemel, R A Valdés Olmos, S Vidal-Sicart
Radio-guided surgery has been developed for application in those disease scheduled for surgical management, particularly in areas of complex anatomy. This is based on the use of pre-operative scintigraphic planar, tomographic and fused SPECT/CT images, and the possibility of 3D reconstruction for the subsequent intraoperative locating of active lesions using handheld devices (detection probes, gamma cameras, etc.). New tracers and technologies have also been incorporated into these surgical procedures. The combination of visual and acoustic signals during the intraoperative procedure has become possible with new portable imaging modalities...
October 25, 2016: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793255/physician-as-a-conscious-leader
#20
Vishad Nabili
Surgical practice requires the mastery of modern leadership principles and skills in addition to the acquisition of medical knowledge and technical skills. Previously, there was no formal leadership training in graduate medical education at the David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, and resident physicians identified a lack of leadership skills training as an area of weakness. Leadership education for surgeons can improve the perioperative atmosphere and positively affect interpersonal collaboration with perioperative nurse colleagues...
November 2016: AORN Journal
keyword
keyword
8270
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"