keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Perioperative medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767451/feline-ureteral-obstructions-part-1-medical-management
#1
REVIEW
D L Clarke
Feline ureteral obstructions are an increasingly recognised and challenging diagnostic and management problem. Many cats with ureteral obstructions are critically ill at the time of diagnosis, especially if there is dysfunction of the contralateral kidney. They may present with varying severities of acute kidney injury, electrolyte disturbances, and may have comorbidities such as heart disease that complicate perioperative and long-term management. Medical management, which may consist of rehydration and restoration of intravascular volume with intravenous fluid therapy, osmotic diuresis, ureteral muscle relaxation, and antimicrobials for infection, is important in feline ureteral obstruction patients...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750922/legal-aspects-of-sleep-medicine-in-the-21-st-century
#2
REVIEW
Saiprakash B Venkateshiah, Romy Hoque, Nancy A Collop
Multiple manifestations of sleep disorders may interact with the law making it important to increase awareness of such interactions among clinicians. Patients with excessive sleepiness may have civil (and in some states criminal) liability if they fall asleep while driving and cause a motor vehicle accident. Employers may be held vicariously liable due to the actions of sleepy employees. Hence awareness of causes of excessive sleepiness such as sleep deprivation and OSA is increasing among trucking, railroad, and other safety sensitive occupations...
May 8, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750691/propensity-score-methods-theory-and-practice-for-anesthesia-research
#3
Phillip J Schulte, Edward J Mascha
Observational data are often readily available or less costly to obtain than conducting a randomized controlled trial. With observational data, investigators may statistically evaluate the relationship between a treatment or therapy and outcomes. However, inherent in observational data is the potential for confounding arising from the nonrandom assignment of treatment. In this statistical grand rounds, we describe the use of propensity score methods (ie, using the probability of receiving treatment given covariates) to reduce bias due to measured confounders in anesthesia and perioperative medicine research...
May 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726260/-radiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-rectal-cancer-is-it-time-to-move-on
#4
P Ihnát, P Vávra, I Slívová, L Tulinský, I Penka
Multidisciplinary treatment approach in accordance with current guidelines represents a gold standard of care for patients with rectal cancer. Radical surgical resection is a fundamental and the only curative treatment modality. Patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (cT3-4N0M0 or anyTN1-2M0) are indicated for neoadjuvant radiotherapy or radiochemotherapy. However, there are many controversies regarding neoadjuvant radiotherapy indications in the available literature. Evidence-based medicine data suggest that neoadjuvant radiotherapy is associated with improved local control of the disease, but has no impact on patients survival...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693935/perioperative-point-of-care-ultrasonography-preface-and-comments
#5
Yoshitsugu Yamada
Recent years have witnessed remarkable progress in the medical equipment including ultrasound devices. There has also been an increasing interest in point-of-care ultrasound in the field of perioperative medicine. This editorial outlines the basis of point-of-care ultrasound to aid anesthesiologists, focusing on how to make better use of this useful tool.
May 2017: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666832/structure-and-function-analysis-in-circulating-tumor-cells-using-nanotechnology-to-study-nuclear-size-in-prostate-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Nu Yao, Yu-Jen Jan, Shirley Cheng, Jie-Fu Chen, Leland Wk Chung, Hsian-Rong Tseng, Edwin M Posadas
Professor Donald Coffey and his laboratory pioneered studies showing the relationships between nuclear shape and cellular function. In doing so, he and his students established the field of nuclear morphometry in prostate cancer. By using perioperative tissues via biopsies and surgical sampling, Dr. Coffey's team discovered that nuclear shape and other pathologic features correlated with clinical outcome measures. Cancer cells also exist outside of solid tumor masses as they can be shed from both primary and metastatic lesions into the circulatory system...
2018: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661384/a-systematic-review-and-consensus-definitions-for-standardised-end-points-in-perioperative-medicine-pulmonary-complications
#7
REVIEW
T E F Abbott, A J Fowler, P Pelosi, M Gama de Abreu, A M Møller, J Canet, B Creagh-Brown, M Mythen, T Gin, M M Lalu, E Futier, M P Grocott, M J Schultz, R M Pearse
BACKGROUND: There is a need for robust, clearly defined, patient-relevant outcome measures for use in randomised trials in perioperative medicine. Our objective was to establish standard outcome measures for postoperative pulmonary complications research. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using MEDLINE, Web of Science, SciELO, and the Korean Journal Database. Definitions were extracted from included manuscripts. We then conducted a three-stage Delphi consensus process to select the optimal outcome measures in terms of methodological quality and overall suitability for perioperative trials...
May 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658673/-application-of-rehabilitation-medicine-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery
#8
Haijun Li, Zuobing Chen
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has been widely used in perioperative optimization. As an important component of ERAS, rehabilitation medicine mainly focuses on perioperative physical fitness management, respiratory training, exercise training to reduce the incidence of postoperative pulmonary infection, improve gastrointestinal and cardiopulmonary function. This paper explains rehabilitation medicine for respiratory, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular and digestive systems during the perioperative period...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658672/-present-situation-and-prospect-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-in-pancreatic-surgery
#9
Mengyu Feng, Taiping Zhang, Yupei Zhao
Enhanced recovery after surgery is a multimodal perioperative strategy according to the evidence-based medicine and multidisciplinary collaboration, aiming to improve the restoration of functional capacity after surgery by reducing surgical stress, optimal control of pain, early oral diet and early mobilization. Compared with other sub-specialty in general surgery, pancreatic surgery is characterized by complex disease, highly difficult procedure and more postoperative complications. Accordingly, pancreatic surgery shares a slow development in enhanced recovery after surgery...
May 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649026/evidence-review-conducted-for-the-agency-for-healthcare-research-and-quality-safety-program-for-improving-surgical-care-and-recovery-focus-on-anesthesiology-for-colorectal-surgery
#10
Kristen A Ban, Melinda M Gibbons, Clifford Y Ko, Elizabeth C Wick, Maxime Cannesson, Michael J Scott, Michael C Grant, Christopher L Wu
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, in partnership with the American College of Surgeons and the Johns Hopkins Medicine Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, has developed the Safety Program for Improving Surgical Care and Recovery (ISCR), which is a national effort to disseminate best practices in perioperative care to more than 750 hospitals across multiple procedures in the next 5 years. The program will integrate evidence-based processes central to enhanced recovery and prevention of surgical site infection, venous thromboembolic events, catheter-associated urinary tract infections with socioadaptive interventions to improve surgical outcomes, patient experience, and perioperative safety culture...
April 11, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627391/chinese-expert-consensus-on-enhanced-recovery-after-hepatectomy-version-2017
#11
REVIEW
Weidong Jia, Wenbin Liu, Xiaofei Qiao
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a series of perioperative optimized treatment measures based on evidence-based medicine which can control perioperative pathological and physiological responses, reduce surgical trauma and postoperative stress, and then achieve rapid recovery. This is a new concept in the 21st century, which is a revolution to the medical treatment and rehabilitation mode. Based on the clinical application study and expert experience in present ERAS in hepatectomy field at home and abroad, Chinese Expert Consensus on Enhanced Recovery After Hepatectomy (Version 2017) is established...
April 4, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624526/american-society-for-enhanced-recovery-advancing-enhanced-recovery-and-perioperative-medicine
#12
Tong J Gan, Michael Scott, Julie Thacker, Traci Hedrick, Robert H Thiele, Timothy E Miller
As the population ages, the increasing surgical volume and complexity of care are expected to place additional care delivery burdens in the perioperative setting. In this age of integrated multidisciplinary care of the surgical patients, there is increasing recognition that an evidence-based perioperative pathway is associated with the optimal outcomes. These pathways, collectively referred to as Enhanced Recovery Pathways, have resulted in shortened length of hospital stay, reduced complications, and variance in outcomes, as well as earlier return to baseline activities...
April 5, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623382/-the-heart-catheter-table-is-not-the-operating-table-intraindividual-comparison-of-pulmonary-artery-pressures
#13
M U Ziegler, H Reinelt
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing cardiac surgery need extensive and invasive monitoring, which needs to be individually adapted for each patient and requires a diligent risk-benefit analysis. The use of a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) seems to be justifiable in certain cases; therefore, the preoperative diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension represents an indication for perioperative monitoring with PAC in the S3 guidelines of the German Society for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (DGAI)...
April 5, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621027/cardiac-output-monitoring-how-to-choose-the-optimal-method-for-the-individual-patient
#14
Bernd Saugel, Jean-Louis Vincent
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the different methods available for the assessment of cardiac output (CO) and describe their specific indications in intensive care and perioperative medicine. RECENT FINDINGS: In critically ill patients, persistent circulatory shock after initial resuscitation is an indication for the assessment of CO to monitor the response to fluids and vasoactive agents. In patients with circulatory shock associated with right ventricular dysfunction, pulmonary artery hypertension, or acute respiratory distress syndrome, invasive CO monitoring using indicator dilution methods is indicated...
June 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619627/new-advances-in-acute-postoperative-pain-management
#15
REVIEW
Sukanya Mitra, Daniel Carlyle, Gopal Kodumudi, Vijay Kodumudi, Nalini Vadivelu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Postoperative pain remains one of the most common challenges following inpatient and outpatient surgeries. With our advances in modern medicine, pain following surgical procedures still remains a challenge, though significant accomplishments have been made over the past few decades. This article highlights some of the promising new advances and approaches in postoperative pain management. RECENT FINDINGS: Over the last decade, Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) pathways and protocols are becoming the benchmark standards for enhancing postoperative recovery...
April 4, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600257/developing-a-comprehensive-perioperative-education-curriculum-for-internal-medicine-residency-training
#16
David Raslau, Mary Jo Kasten, Esayas Kebede, Arya Mohabbat, Basem Ratrout, Michael Mikhail
Background: Patients undergoing surgery are becoming increasingly complex and internists are becoming more involved in their perioperative care. Therefore, new requirements from the ACGME/ABIM necessitate education in this area. We aim to discuss how our institution adapted a perioperative curriculum to fill this need. Methods: Perioperative education is primarily given to the residents during their one month rotation through the General Internal Medicine Consult Service rotation...
July 2017: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582099/-paths-to-the-professional-and-responsible-use-of-antibiotics
#17
REVIEW
Marianne Abele-Horn, Ellen Pantke, Tim Eckmanns
Germany's position on prescribing antibiotics is among the lower third in Europe. There are some countries that prescribe remarkably fewer antibiotics. In Germany, the number of out-patient antibiotic prescriptions is too high for patients with low-grade infections and non-bacterial infections. Often, broad-spectrum antibiotics are prescribed instead of narrow-spectrum antibiotics. For in-patients, perioperative prophylaxis is given for too long.In this article, different ways to reduce antibiotic prescriptions are introduced...
March 26, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581087/improving-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-an-ostomy-using-a-novel-digital-wearable-device-protocol-for-a-pilot-study
#18
Dara Rouholiman, Jamison G Gamble, Sylvie D Dobrota, Ellen M Encisco, Ashish G Shah, Francisco J Grajales Iii, Larry F Chu
BACKGROUND: Ostomy surgeries involving the placement of an ostomy bag (eg, colostomy, ileostomy, urostomy, etc) have been shown to have a negative impact on health-related quality of life. To date, no studies have been conducted examining what impact, if any, wearable biosensors have on the health-related quality of life of ostomy patients. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we plan to assess the quality of life of ostomy patients using the Ostom-i alert sensor, a portable, wearable, Bluetooth-linked biosensor that facilitates easier ostomy bag output measurements...
March 26, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576111/systematic-review-and-consensus-definitions-for-the-standardised-endpoints-in-perioperative-medicine-step-initiative-patient-comfort
#19
REVIEW
P S Myles, O Boney, M Botti, A M Cyna, T J Gan, M P Jensen, H Kehlet, A Kurz, G S De Oliveira, P Peyton, D I Sessler, M R Tramèr, C L Wu, Paul Myles, Michael Grocott, Bruce Biccard, Jane Blazeby, Oliver Boney, Matthew Chan, Elisabeth Diouf, Lee Fleisher, Cor Kalkman, Andrea Kurz, Ramani Moonesinghe, Duminda Wijeysundera
BACKGROUND: Maximising patient comfort during and after surgery is a primary concern of anaesthetists and other perioperative clinicians, but objective measures of what constitutes patient comfort in the perioperative period remain poorly defined. The Standardised Endpoints in Perioperative Medicine initiative was established to derive a set of standardised endpoints for use in perioperative clinical trials. METHODS: We undertook a systematic review to identify measures of patient comfort used in the anaesthetic, surgical, and other perioperative literature...
April 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575457/pediatric-perioperative-outcomes-group-defining-core-outcomes-for-pediatric-anesthesia-and-perioperative-medicine
#20
EDITORIAL
Paul A Stricker, Jurgen C de Graaff, Laszlo Vutskits, Wallis T Muhly, Ting Xu, Alexandra M Torborg, Yifei Jiang, Suellen M Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
keyword
keyword
8270
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"