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systematic reviews AND trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912976/implications-of-a-negative-abdominal-ct-in-the-management-of-pediatric-blunt-abdominal-trauma
#1
Sarah Braungart, Thomas Beattie, Paula Midgley, Mark Powis
BACKGROUND: No consensus exists on management of children with a negative trauma CT following blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). Asymptomatic children are frequently "admitted for observation" following negative CT owing to concerns about missing an intraabdominal injury (IAI) without evidence for this practice. We aimed to investigate the feasibility of discharge following a negative CT scan in children sustaining blunt abdominal trauma. METHODS: Retrospective audit at a UK paediatric major trauma center and review of the literature...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909035/randomised-controlled-pilot-study-to-investigate-the-effectiveness-of-thoracic-epidural-and-paravertebral-blockade-in-reducing-chronic-post-thoracotomy-pain-topic-feasibility-study-protocol
#2
Joyce Yeung, Teresa Melody, Amy Kerr, Babu Naidu, Lee Middleton, Kostas Tryposkiadis, Jane Daniels, Fang Gao
INTRODUCTION: Open chest surgery (thoracotomy) is considered the most painful of surgical procedures. Forceful wound retraction, costochondral dislocation, posterior costovertebral ligament disruption, intercostal nerve trauma and wound movement during respiration combine to produce an acute, severe postoperative pain insult and persistent chronic pain many months after surgery is common. Three recent systematic reviews conclude that unilateral continuous paravertebral blockade (PVB) provides analgesia at least equivalent to thoracic epidural blockade (TEB) in the postoperative period, has a lower failure rate, and symptom relief that lasted months...
December 1, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900417/definition-of-hemodynamic-stability-in-blunt-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review-and-assessment-amongst-dutch-trauma-team-members
#3
S A I Loggers, T W A Koedam, G F Giannakopoulos, E Vandewalle, M Erwteman, W P Zuidema
INTRODUCTION: Trauma is a great contributor to mortality worldwide. One of the challenges in trauma care is early identification and management of bleeding. The circulatory status of blunt trauma patients in the emergency room is evaluated using hemodynamic (HD) parameters. However, there is no consensus on which parameters to use. In this study, we evaluate the used terms and definitions in the literature for HD stability and compare those to the opinion of Dutch trauma team members...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900183/severity-and-pattern-of-injuries-caused-by-the-traditional-swiss-team-sport-hornussen-first-retrospective-study-at-a-level-i-trauma-centre-in-switzerland
#4
Volkmar Waterkamp, Meret Ricklin, Benoît Schaller, Konstantinos Katsoulis, Aristomenis Exadaktylos
BACKGROUND: This article addresses typical injury patterns related to the traditional Swiss team sport of Hornussen. A small plastic disk is struck with a special elastic racket and then intercepted in the field. Severe injuries have occasionally been reported. We present a systematic review of all cases of Hornussen injuries treated in the University Hospital of Bern from 2000 to 2014. METHODS: To assess the frequency, type and outcome of Hornussen injuries, we performed a database search of all inpatient and outpatient cases related to Hornussen and that were admitted to and/or treated in Bern University Hospital from 2000 to 2014...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891037/revisiting-cruciate-paralysis-a-case-report-and-systematic-review
#5
Benjamin Hopkins, Ryan Khanna, Nader S Dahdaleh
OBJECTIVE: Cruciate paralysis is a rare, poorly understood condition of the upper craniovertebral junction that allows for selective paralysis of the upper extremities while sparing the lower extremities. Reported cases are few and best treatment practices remain up for debate. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systemic literature review in an attempt to identify prognostic predictors and outcome trends associated with cases previously reported in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review for all cases using the term "Cruciate Paralysis," reviewing a total of 37 reported cases...
October 2016: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888550/mesenchymal-stem-stromal-cells-biology-and-preclinical-evidence-for-therapeutic-potential-for-organ-dysfunction-following-trauma-or-sepsis
#6
Michael A Matthay, Shibani Pati, Jae-Woo Lee
Several experimental studies have provided evidence that bone-marrow derived mesenchymal stem (stromal) cells (MSC) may be effective in treating critically ill surgical patients who develop traumatic brain injury, acute renal failure, or the acute respiratory distress syndrome. There is also preclinical evidence that MSC may be effective in treating sepsis-induced organ failure, including evidence that MSC have anti-microbial properties. This review considers preclinical studies with direct relevance to organ failure following trauma, sepsis or major infections that apply to critically ill patients...
November 26, 2016: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884855/effectiveness-of-trauma-focused-psychological-therapies-compared-to-usual-postnatal-care-for-treating-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-women-following-traumatic-birth-a-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Marie Furuta, Debbie Spain, Debra Bick, Edmond S W Ng, Jacqueline Sin
INTRODUCTION: Maternal mental health has been largely neglected in the literature. Women, however, may be vulnerable to developing post-traumatic stress symptoms or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), following traumatic birth. In turn, this may affect their capacity for child rearing and ability to form a secure bond with their baby and impact on the wider family. Trauma-focused psychological therapies (TFPT) are widely regarded as effective and acceptable interventions for PTSD in general and clinical populations...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877043/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-mental-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Sergio Luís Blay, João Vicente Augusto Aguiar, Ives Cavalcante Passos
BACKGROUND: The association between depression, anxiety, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is still unclear. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess the rates of comorbid psychiatric disorders among women with PCOS compared to women without it. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases were searched from inception to November 27, 2015. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they were original reports in which the rates of mood (bipolar disorder, dysthymia, or major depressive disorder), obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders, trauma- and stressor-related disorders, anxiety disorders or psychotic disorders, somatic symptom and related disorders, or eating disorders had been investigated among women with an established diagnosis of PCOS and compared with women without PCOS...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875926/a-meta-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-symptom-severity-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-executive-function
#9
Fu L Woon, Thomas J Farrer, Colin R Braman, Jennifer K Mabey, Dawson W Hedges
INTRODUCTION: Some studies of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) find executive dysfunction, whereas others do not. We meta-analytically examined the association between executive function and PTSD and used meta-regression to examine the potential moderating effect of PTSD severity on executive function. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. We identified published peer-reviewed articles containing measures of executive function and PTSD symptom severity in subjects with PTSD compared to trauma-unexposed controls or trauma-exposed controls without PTSD, or both...
November 22, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873484/pregnant-women-s-perceptions-of-gestational-weight-gain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#10
REVIEW
Meredith Vanstone, Sujane Kandasamy, Mita Giacomini, Deirdre DeJean, Sarah D McDonald
Excess gestational weight gain has numerous negative health outcomes for women and children, including high blood pressure, diabetes, and cesarean section (maternal) and high birth weight, trauma at birth, and asphyxia (infants). Excess weight gain in pregnancy is associated with a higher risk of long-term obesity in both mothers and children. Despite a concerted public health effort, the proportion of pregnant women gaining weight in excess of national guidelines continues to increase. To understand this phenomenon and offer suggestions for improving interventions, we conducted a systematic review of qualitative research on pregnant women's perceptions and experiences of weight gain in pregnancy...
November 21, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873009/systematic-review-and-need-assessment-of-pediatric-trauma-outcome-benchmarking-tools-for-low-resource-settings
#11
REVIEW
Etienne St-Louis, Jade Séguin, Daniel Roizblatt, Dan Leon Deckelbaum, Robert Baird, Tarek Razek
INTRODUCTION: Trauma is a leading cause of mortality and disability in children worldwide. The World Health Organization reports that 95% of all childhood injury deaths occur in Low-Middle-Income Countries (LMIC). Injury scores have been developed to facilitate risk stratification, clinical decision making, and research. Trauma registries in LMIC depend on adapted trauma scores that do not rely on investigations that require unavailable material or human resources. We sought to review and assess the existing trauma scores used in pediatric patients...
November 21, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872744/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sporting activities can cause injuries and overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) in children have been shown to be more common than injuries caused by trauma. The lower extremity is more frequently affected than the upper extremity in OIE, but it is not known whether injury site and diagnosis vary in different sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses and anatomical areas most likely to be injured...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871539/liberal-or-restrictive-fluid-management-during-elective-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Pim B B Schol, Ivon M Terink, Marcus D Lancé, Hubertina C J Scheepers
This article reviews if a restrictive fluid management policy reduces the complication rate if compared to liberal fluid management policy during elective surgery. The PubMed database was explored by 2 independent researchers. We used the following search terms: "Blood transfusion (MESH); transfusion need; fluid therapy (MESH); permissive hypotension; fluid management; resuscitation; restrictive fluid management; liberal fluid management; elective surgery; damage control resuscitation; surgical procedures, operative (MESH); wounds (MESH); injuries (MESH); surgery; trauma patients...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871508/perineural-catheter-infection-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Davide Nicolotti, Enrico Iotti, Guido Fanelli, Christian Compagnone
Perineural catheter infection is a rare but potentially dramatic complication of continuous peripheral nerve block. Different risk factors have been identified and the incidence of infection is increased in trauma victims, intensive care unit patients, immunodeficient individuals, and diabetic patients. Also, postoperative hyperglycemia, the absence of antibiotic prophylaxis, and catheter lasting more than 48 hours seem to be associated with a greater risk of infection. Skin disinfection and a strict aseptic technique during catheter placement are fundamental...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869721/the-benefit-of-conserving-and-gaining-resources-after-trauma-a-systematic-review
#15
Michael Hollifield, Andrea Gory, Jennifer Siedjak, Linda Nguyen, Lucie Holmgreen, Stevan Hobfoll
BACKGROUND: Traumatic events involve loss of resources, which has consistently been found to be associated with developing stress-related illness such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic literature review was to determine if there is evidence for the salutatory effect of resource gain on PTSD, and if there are intervention models that utilize and assess gain in PTSD. DATA SOURCES: All relevant online databases were systematically searched using key terms and a method, detailed in Figure 1...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866082/auditory-verbal-hallucinations-and-continuum-models-of-psychosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-healthy-voice-hearer-literature
#16
REVIEW
David Baumeister, Ottilie Sedgwick, Oliver Howes, Emmanuelle Peters
Recent decades have seen a surge of research interest in the phenomenon of healthy individuals who experience auditory verbal hallucinations, yet do not exhibit distress or need for care. The aims of the present systematic review are to provide a comprehensive overview of this research and examine how healthy voice-hearers may best be conceptualised in relation to the diagnostic versus 'quasi-' and 'fully-dimensional' continuum models of psychosis. A systematic literature search was conducted, resulting in a total of 398 article titles and abstracts that were scrutinised for appropriateness to the present objective...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860081/women-s-experience-of-being-interviewed-about-abuse-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
B L Snyder
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: There is disagreement about the costs and benefits of asking women about their abuse experiences in practice and research settings. No known meta-syntheses have been conducted to evaluate the qualitative data that exist on the experiences of women being asked about their abuse. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO THE EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This review adds robust qualitative evidence that interviewing women about their abuse experiences can be a beneficial and healing experience for them...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859738/serum-albumin-as-a-local-therapeutic-agent-in-cell-therapy-and-tissue-engineering
#18
REVIEW
Dénes B Horváthy, Melinda Simon, Charlotte M Schwarz, Mariana Masteling, Gabriella Vácz, István Hornyák, Zsombor Lacza
Albumin is a major plasma protein that has become ubiquitous in regenerative medicine research. As such, many studies have examined its structure and advantageous properties. However, a systematic and comprehensive understanding of albumin's role, capabilities and therapeutic potential still eludes the field. In the present work, we review how albumin is applied in tissue engineering, including cell culture and storage, in vitro fertilization and transplantation. Furthermore, we discuss how albumin's physiological role extends beyond a carrier for metal ions, fatty acids, pharmacons and growth factors...
November 11, 2016: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858780/prevalence-of-torture-and-other-warrelated-traumatic-events-in-forced-migrants-a-systematic-review
#19
Erika Sigvardsdotter, Marjan Vaez, Ann-Marie Rydholm Hedman, Fredrik Saboonchi
AIM: To describe and appraise the research literature reporting prevalence of torture and/or war-related potentially traumatic experiences (PTEs) in adult forced migrants living in high-income countries. METHODS: A search for peer-reviewed articles in English was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, PILOTS, key journals, and reference lists. Studies based on clinical samples and samples where less than half of participants were forced migrants were excluded. Data was extracted and a methodological quality appraisal was performed...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857003/mental-health-interventions-and-priorities-for-research-for-adult-survivors-of-torture-and-systematic-violence-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
William M Weiss, Ana M Ugueto, Zayan Mahmooth, Laura K Murray, Brian J Hall, Maya Nadison, Andrew Rasmussen, Jennifer S Lee, Andrea Vazzano, Judy Bass, Paul Bolton
This research describes the development and findings of a literature review and analysis meant to inform the international torture and trauma treatment community. The review focuses on interventions that have been used among populations affected by torture, based on a review of journals indexed in commonly used search engines. Work on the review began in September 2008 and continued to be updated until March 2014. In total, 88 studies of interventions for torture victims were identified. Studies ranged from randomized controlled trials utilizing evidence-based treatments to case studies employing non-structured, supportive therapies...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
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