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systematic reviews AND trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151048/early-vasopressor-use-following-traumatic-injury-a-systematic-review
#1
Mathieu Hylands, Augustin Toma, Nicolas Beaudoin, Anne Julie Frenette, Frédérick D'Aragon, Émilie Belley-Côté, Emmanuel Charbonney, Morten Hylander Møller, Jon Henrik Laake, Per Olav Vandvik, Reed Alexander Siemieniuk, Bram Rochwerg, François Lauzier, Robert S Green, Ian Ball, Damon Scales, Srinivas Murthy, Joey S W Kwong, Gordon Guyatt, Sandro Rizoli, Pierre Asfar, François Lamontagne
OBJECTIVES: Current guidelines suggest limiting the use of vasopressors following traumatic injury; however, wide variations in practice exist. Although excessive vasoconstriction may be harmful, these agents may help reduce administration of potentially harmful resuscitation fluids. This systematic review aims to compare early vasopressor use to standard resuscitation in adults with trauma-induced shock. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, ClinicalTrials...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144110/effect-of-stabilization-exercise-on-back-pain-disability-and-quality-of-life-in-adult-with-scoliosis-a-systematic-review
#2
Malik H Alanazi, Eric C Parent, Elizabeth Dennett
INTRODUCTION: Adult Scoliosis (AS) is the most common spine deformity in adults. Back pain is the main symptom leading patients to seek medical consultation. Stabilization exercise has been shown effective for reducing back pain. No literature review has examined the effects of such exercises in adults with scoliosis. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the effects of stabilization exercises on back pain, disability and quality of life in adults with scoliosis...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133003/atlantooccipital-rotatory-dislocation-a-case-report-and-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Luis A Robles, Greg M Mundis, Abel Cuevas-Solórzano
BACKGROUND: Atlanto-occipital rotatory dislocation (AORD) has been rarely reported in the literature; for this reason, the clinical-radiological characteristics of this injury are not well described. METHODS: The authors describe the case of a 67 years old male who sustained a cervical spine trauma. He only referred neck pain and was neurologically intact. The CT scan showed a rotatory displacement of the atlanto-occipital joints (AOJs) associated with a widened condylar-C1 interval; in addition, the MRI revealed injuries to the stabilizing ligaments of this area...
November 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130314/determining-psychoneuroimmunologic-markers-of-yoga-as-an-intervention-for-persons-diagnosed-with-ptsd-a-systematic-review
#4
Ursula Ann Kelly, Dian Dowling Evans, Helen Baker, Jessica Noggle Taylor
There is a growing body of research on yoga as a therapeutic intervention for psychological symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) accompanied by speculations on underlying physiologic mechanisms. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, qualitatively evaluate, and synthesize studies of yoga as an intervention for PTSD that measured physiologic outcomes in order to gain insights into potential mechanisms. The focus is on studies evaluating yoga as a therapeutic intervention for PTSD rather than for trauma exposure, PTSD prevention, or subclinical PTSD...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127113/validation-of-an-icd-9-cm-and-icd-10-cm-map-to-ais-2005-update-2008
#5
Kimberly M Glerum, Mark R Zonfrillo
Although the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) is the most widely used severity scoring system for traumatic injuries, hospitals are required to document and bill based on the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). An expert panel recently developed a map between ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM to AIS 2005 Update 2008. This study aimed to validate the recently developed map using a large trauma registry. The map demonstrated moderate to substantial agreement for maximum AIS (MAIS) scores per body region based on expert chart review versus map-derived values (range: 44%-86%)...
November 10, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119297/pyoderma-gangrenosum-after-orthopaedic-or-traumatologic-surgery-a-systematic-revue-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Stephan Ebrad, Mathieu Severyns, Ahmed Benzakour, Benoit Roze, Christian Derancourt, Guillaume-Anthony Odri, Jean-Louis Rouvillain
INTRODUCTION: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a neutrophilic dermatosis characterised by a painful ulceration mimicking infection of the operative site. To this day, there is still no general agreement on the medical and surgical treatment of PG. This systematic review of the literature aims to summarise recent studies about post-operative PG in orthopaedic surgery to improve its medical and surgical management. METHOD: In April 2017, we carried out an exhaustive review of the literature in MEDLINE, PubMed and Cochrane databases...
November 8, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119221/preparing-japanese-surgeons-for-potential-mass-casualty-situations-will-require-innovative-and-systematic-programs
#7
H Uchino, V Y Kong, J L Bruce, G V Oosthuizen, W Bekker, G L Laing, D L Clarke
INTRODUCTION: The ongoing state of global geo-political instability means that it is prudent to prepare civilian surgeons to manage major military-type trauma. Japan has enjoyed a prolonged period of peace and consequently it is unlikely that surgeons will have been exposed to a sufficient volume of cases. This study reviews the state of trauma training and preparedness in Japan and reviews the trauma workload of a major Japanese emergency medical center and compared with a major South African trauma center with the intention of quantifying and comparing the time needed to gain adequate exposure to major trauma at the two centers...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115909/individual-premigration-and-postsettlement-factors-and-academic-achievement-in-adolescents-from-refugee-backgrounds-a-systematic-review-and-model
#8
Charissa W S Wong, Robert D Schweitzer
We have limited understanding of the precursors of academic achievement in resettled adolescents from refugee backgrounds. To date, no clear model has been developed to conceptualise the academic trajectories of adolescents from refugee backgrounds at postsettlement. The current review had two aims. First, to propose an integrated adaptive model to conceptualise the impact of individual, premigration, and postsettlement factors on academic achievement at postsettlement; and second, to critically examine the literature on factors that predict academic achievement in adolescents from refugee backgrounds in relation to the proposed model and highlight issues deserving future exploration...
January 1, 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112905/determinants-of-hair-cortisol-concentration-in-children-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
N A Gray, A Dhana, L Van Der Vyver, J Van Wyk, N P Khumalo, D J Stein
BACKGROUND: Several factors are known contribute to hair cortisol concentration (HCC) in adults. However, there is less research on determinants of HCC in children and adolescents. HCC is a valuable tool for medical research pertaining to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. This review aims to assess the extent to which established determinants of HCC in adults have been consistently reported in children (birth - 18 years) and to identify determinants of HCC specific to this age group...
November 2, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110704/endobronchial-one-way-valves-for-treatment-of-persistent-air-leaks-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Mei Ding, Ya-Dong Gao, Xian-Tao Zeng, Yi Guo, Jiong Yang
Persistent air leak (PAL) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, prolonged hospitalization and increased health-care costs. It can arise from a number of conditions, including pneumothorax, necrotizing infection, trauma, malignancies, procedural interventions and complications after thoracic surgery. Numerous therapeutic options, including noninvasive and invasive techniques, are available to treat PALs. Recently, endobronchial one-way valves have been used to treat PAL. We conducted a systematic review based on studies retrieved from PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane library...
November 6, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107201/alexithymia-and-problematic-alcohol-use-a-critical-update
#11
REVIEW
K E Cruise, R Becerra
There has been a substantial growth in empirical research aimed at examining the co-occurrence of alexithymia and problematic alcohol use and alcohol use disorder (AUD) since Thorberg, Young, Sullivan, and Lyvers (2009) original review article. The objective of the present paper is therefore to provide a critical update review of research on alexithymia and problematic alcohol use published since 2009. A systematic search was conducted through PsychINFO, Medline, and ProQuest databases to obtain relevant literature published between 2009 and 2016...
October 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106870/pediatric-tympanic-membrane-cholesteatoma-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Harry H Ching, Alycia G Spinner, Matthew Ng
INTRODUCTION: Tympanic membrane cholesteatoma (TMC) is a rare anomaly found in pediatric patients with no significant otologic history. Its pathogenesis appears distinct from congenital mesotympanic cholesteatoma. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the management of TMC. METHODS: Two authors independently conducted a systematic review using the PubMed-NCBI, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases. Studies describing cases of pediatric TMC were included...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104125/a-review-of-illicit-psychoactive-drug-use-in-elective-surgery-patients-detection-effects-and-policy
#13
REVIEW
Gennaro Selvaggi, Antonio G Spagnolo, Anna Elander
Limited information is present in literature regarding detection of illicit drug users visiting physicians when planning elective surgery; also, there is no update manuscript that is illustrating the effects of illicit drugs use that require reconstructive surgery interventions. Aims of this manuscript are: 1) to summarize existing knowledge, and give surgeons information how to detect patients who might possible use illicit drugs; 2) to review the effects of illicit drug use that specifically require reconstructive surgery interventions; 3) to assess on existing policies on asymptomatic illicit drug users when planning elective surgery...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100897/multiple-deprivation-vision-loss-and-ophthalmic-disease-in-adults-global-perspectives
#14
REVIEW
M Lane, V Lane, J Abbott, T Braithwaite, P Shah, A K Denniston
The association between socio-economic position and morbidity and mortality has long been recognised. We evaluate the evidence for an association between multiple aspects of deprivation and ocular health in a global context. This is a systematic review of studies that evaluated deprivation in the adult population in the context of the major acquired causes of visual loss such as cataract, diabetic eye disease, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, and ocular trauma. The search strategy identified relevant studies reported between 1946 to August 2016, with randomized control trials, case control, cohort and cross-sectional study designs being selected for inclusion...
October 31, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100783/factors-associated-with-imaging-overuse-in-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Monica Tung, Ritu Sharma, Jeremiah S Hinson, Stephanie Nothelle, Jean Pannikottu, Jodi B Segal
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (ED) are sites of prevalent imaging overuse; however, determinants that drive imaging in this setting are not well-characterized. We systematically reviewed the literature to summarize the determinants of imaging overuse in the ED. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE® and Embase® from January 1998 to March 2017. Studies were included if they were written in English, contained original data, pertained to a U.S. population, and identified a determinant associated with overuse of imaging in the ED...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098983/what-domains-of-clinical-function-should-be-assessed-after-sport-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Nina Feddermann-Demont, Ruben J Echemendia, Kathryn J Schneider, Gary S Solomon, K Alix Hayden, Michael Turner, Jiří Dvořák, Dominik Straumann, Alexander A Tarnutzer
BACKGROUND: Sport-related concussion (SRC) is a clinical diagnosis made after a sport-related head trauma. Inconsistency exists regarding appropriate methods for assessing SRC, which focus largely on symptom-scores, neurocognitive functioning and postural stability. DESIGN: Systematic literature review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane-DSR, Cochrane CRCT, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus (accessed July 9, 2016). ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Original (prospective) studies reporting on postinjury assessment in a clinical setting and evaluation of diagnostic tools within 2 weeks after an SRC...
June 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096418/correlates-of-post-traumatic-growth-following-childhood-and-adolescent-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Jasmin K Turner, Amanda Hutchinson, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Post-traumatic growth is defined as positive change resulting from the struggle with highly challenging life circumstances or trauma [1]. A growing number of children and adolescents are experiencing and surviving cancer. This review aims to identify the demographic, medical, and psychosocial correlates of perceived post-traumatic growth in individuals of any age who were affected by paediatric cancer. Findings will highlight protective factors that may facilitate post-traumatic growth, allowing for directed social support, intervention, and follow-up care...
November 2, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092054/characteristics-of-knowledge-content-in-a-curated-online-evidence-library
#18
Sowmya Varada, Ronilda Lacson, Ali S Raja, Ivan K Ip, Louise Schneider, David Osterbur, Paul Bain, Nicole Vetrano, Jacqueline Cellini, Carol Mita, Margaret Coletti, Julia Whelan, Ramin Khorasani
Objective: To describe types of recommendations represented in a curated online evidence library, report on the quality of evidence-based recommendations pertaining to diagnostic imaging exams, and assess underlying knowledge representation. Materials and Methods: The evidence library is populated with clinical decision rules, professional society guidelines, and locally developed best practice guidelines. Individual recommendations were graded based on a standard methodology and compared using chi-square test...
October 27, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088951/update-on-critical-care-for-acute-spinal-cord-injury-in-the-setting-of-polytrauma
#19
John K Yue, Ethan A Winkler, Jonathan W Rick, Hansen Deng, Carlene P Partow, Pavan S Upadhyayula, Harjus S Birk, Andrew K Chan, Sanjay S Dhall
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) often occurs in patients with concurrent traumatic injuries in other body systems. These patients with polytrauma pose unique challenges to clinicians. The current review evaluates existing guidelines and updates the evidence for prehospital transport, immobilization, initial resuscitation, critical care, hemodynamic stability, diagnostic imaging, surgical techniques, and timing appropriate for the patient with SCI who has multisystem trauma. Initial management should be systematic, with focus on spinal immobilization, timely transport, and optimizing perfusion to the spinal cord...
November 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081938/static-progressive-orthoses-for-elbow-contracture-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Bin Chen, Jianhua Lin, Lifen Liu, Wenxin Niu
BACKGROUND: As one of the most common musculoskeletal complications following trauma, elbow contracture is a frequent source of disabled daily activities. Conventional interventions are inadequate to provide favorable outcome. The static progressive orthoses are getting popular in the treatment of this problem. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to assess the effectiveness of static progressive orthoses for elbow contracture. METHODS: Literatures when written in English published during 1 January 1997 and 31 January 2017 were searched in the following databases: Web of Science, Cochrane Library, PubMed, and EBSCOhost...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
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