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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632910/withdrawn-hypnosis-for-children-undergoing-dental-treatment
#1
REVIEW
Sharifa Al-Harasi, Paul F Ashley, David R Moles, Susan Parekh, Val Walters
BACKGROUND: Managing children is a challenge that many dentists face. Many non-pharmacological techniques have been developed to manage anxiety and behavioural problems in children, such us: 'tell, show & do', positive reinforcement, modelling and hypnosis. The use of hypnosis is generally an overlooked area, hence the need for this review. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review attempted to answer the question: What is the effectiveness of hypnosis (with or without sedation) for behaviour management of children who are receiving dental care in order to allow successful completion of treatment?Null hypothesis: Hypnosis has no effect on the outcome of dental treatment of children...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630716/femoral-neck-fractures-as-a-complication-of-hip-arthroscopy-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Nolan S Horner, Khanduja Vikas, Austin E MacDonald, Jan-Hendrik Naendrup, Nicole Simunovic, Olufemi R Ayeni
The purpose of this study was to identify the causes and risk factors for hip fractures, a rare but devastating complication, following hip arthroscopy. The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE and PubMed were searched and screened in duplicate for relevant clinical and basic sciences studies and pertinent data was abstracted and analysed in Microsoft Excel. Nineteen studies (12 clinical studies and seven biomechanical studies) with a total of 31 392 patients experiencing 43 hip fractures (0.1% of patients) met the inclusion criteria for this systematic review...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625562/do-trauma-courses-change-practice-a-qualitative-review-of-20-courses-in-east-central-and-southern-africa
#3
Rele Ologunde, Grace Le, Jim Turner, Hemant Pandit, Noel Peter, David Maurer, Sam Hodgson, Joseph Larvin, Chris Lavy
BACKGROUND: Trauma courses have been shown to improve clinical knowledge and patient outcomes. However, little is known about the individual drivers of change in practice amongst course participants in their home clinic environment. METHODS: Front-line healthcare workers participated in a two-day Primary Trauma Care (PTC) course. Immediately after the course participants completed an evaluation survey on intended change in the management of trauma patients. Six months after the course, participants completed a survey on actual changes that had occurred...
June 13, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622179/paucicellular-fibrointimal-proliferation-characterizes-pediatric-pulmonary-vein-stenosis-clinicopathologic-analysis-of-213-samples-from-97-patients
#4
Alexandra E Kovach, Philip M Magcalas, Christina Ireland, Kerry McEnany, Andre M Oliveira, Mark W Kieran, Christopher W Baird, Kathy Jenkins, Sara O Vargas
Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is a luminal narrowing of extrapulmonary pulmonary veins. In pediatric patients, it arises following repair of congenital heart disease, particularly anomalous pulmonary venous return; in lung disease, especially prematurity; and rarely in isolation. The etiology is unknown and the course often fatal without lung transplantation. We hypothesized that systematic clinicopathologic review of pediatric PVS could provide further pathogenic insight. We included patients who underwent first resection of pulmonary venous tissue for symptomatic PVS at our pediatric referral center from 1995 to 2014...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621630/evaluation-of-surgical-treatment-for-neuropathic-pain-from-neuroma-in-patients-with-injured-peripheral-nerves
#5
Valérie Decrouy-Duruz, Thierry Christen, Wassim Raffoul
OBJECTIVE Chronic neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injury is a major clinical problem. Its management is difficult, and therapeutic approaches vary and include oral medication, neurostimulation, and surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the adequacy of surgical nerve revision in a large series of patients with long-term follow-up. METHODS The authors reviewed the charts of 231 patients (335 nerve injuries) who experienced neuropathic pain after peripheral nerve injury and underwent surgery for nerve revision at the authors' institution between 1997 and 2012...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621200/muscle-derived-stem-cells-in-peripheral-nerve-regeneration-reality-or-illusion
#6
Jing Zhou, Haiyan Cui, Haibin Lu, Zhuqiu Xu, Weifeng Feng, Lulu Chen, Xiaolei Jin, Xiaonan Yang, Zuoliang Qi
Owing to the complicated and time-consuming regenerative process, the repair of injured peripheral nerves depends largely on ongoing stem-cell therapy. Decades ago, researchers successfully isolated and identified muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) and discovered their potential for multidifferentiation. MDSCs play an important role in trauma repair associated with neuromuscular and vascular injury by simultaneously promoting tissue regrowth via direct differentiation and systematic secretion under physiological conditions...
June 16, 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620893/systemic-antibiotics-for-preventing-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-comatose-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Cássia Righy, Pedro Emmanuel Americano do Brasil, Jordi Vallés, Fernando A Bozza, Ignacio Martin-Loeches
BACKGROUND: Early-onset ventilator-associated pneumonia (EO-VAP) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in comatose patients. However, VAP prevention bundles focus mainly on late-onset VAP and may be less effective in preventing EO-VAP in comatose patients. Systemic antibiotic administration at the time of intubation may have a role in preventing EO-VAP. Therefore, we evaluated the effectiveness of systemic antibiotic administration in VAP prevention in comatose patients through a systematic review and meta-analysis...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616270/urinothorax-a-systematic-review
#8
María E Toubes, Adriana Lama, Lucía Ferreiro, Antonio Golpe, José M Álvarez-Dobaño, Francisco J González-Barcala, Esther San José, Nuria Rodríguez-Núñez, Carlos Rábade, Tamara Lourido, Luis Valdés
BACKGROUND: The characteristics of patients with urinothorax (UT) are poorly defined. METHODS: A systematic review was performed searching for studies reporting clinical findings, pleural fluid (PF) characteristics, and the most effective treatment of UT. Case descriptions and retrospective studies were included. RESULTS: The review included 78 studies with a total of 88 patients. Median age was 45 years, male/female ratio was 1.6:1 and in 76% of cases the etiology was trauma...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612700/knowledge-gaps-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-mapping
#9
Marie Österberg, Anders Holmlund, Bo Sunzel, Sofia Tranæus, Svante Twetman, Bodil Lund
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate available knowledge and identify knowledge gaps within the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery, by systematically collecting and evaluating systematic reviews. Twelve specific domains were selected: surgical removal of teeth, antibiotic and corticosteroid prophylaxis, orofacial infections, dental and facial trauma, orthognathic surgery, reconstructive surgery, benign tumors, cysts, premalignant lesions, oral complications of treatment of malignant tumors, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, temporomandibular joint surgery, cost effectiveness of different surgical treatments, and ethics...
January 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610777/a-meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-of-whole-body-computed-tomography-imaging-in-the-management-of-trauma-and-injury
#10
Swathikan Chidambaram, En Lin Goh, Mansoor A Khan
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury is the third leading cause of death overall. To optimize the outcomes in these patients, hospitals employ whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) imaging due to the high diagnostic yield and potential to identify missed injuries. However, this delays time-critical interventions. Currently, there is an absence of any high-level evidence to support or refute either view. We present a meta-analysis of the available literature to elucidate the efficacy of WBCT in improving the outcomes of trauma, specifically the mortality rate...
June 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605949/venous-flaps-for-coverage-of-traumatic-soft-tissue-defects-of-the-hand-a-systematic-review
#11
R Wharton, H Creasy, C Bain, M James, A Fox
A PRISMA-guided systematic review was performed of all published cases that detail the use of venous flaps for soft tissue reconstruction of the hand following trauma. Outcome measures examined included flap survival rates, venous congestion, and return to theatre. Database searches were performed on Medline, Embase, AHMED, CINAHL. A total of 381 articles were identified. Data were extracted from 45 articles that met inclusion criteria. A total of 756 flaps were described and their data analysed. A total of 75% of flaps were arterialized and 25% were pure venous flaps...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605004/preoperative-optimisation-of-anaemia-for-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review
#12
Dinesh P Alexander, Nicholas Frew
BACKGROUND: The 2009 NHS Blood and Transplant national comparative audit on blood use following primary total hip arthroplasty (THR) highlighted that preoperative anaemia was common and undertreated. They recommended that hospitals have a written policy for treating anaemia preoperatively. In our centre, we found that preoperative optimisation of anaemia, significantly reduced blood transfusion rate to <5%. The 2015 national audit showed that even though 48% of patients received tranexamic acid, 85% of patients required transfusion...
June 7, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604577/pain-after-cochlear-implantation-an-unusual-complication
#13
Charlotte Celerier, Isabelle Rouillon, Marion Blanchard, Marine Parodi, Françoise Denoyelle, Natalie Loundon
OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical signs and better define the underestimated long-term pain after implantation, to discuss etiological hypothesis, and to propose our department treatment algorithm and results. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective review of children implanted with complaints of atypical pain in the area of device implantation, not in the immediate postoperative period, more than or equal to 4 on the Visual Analog Pain Scale (VAPS: 0-10) in the ENT pediatric department of Trousseau and Necker Enfants Malades Hospitals between 1998 and 2015...
June 9, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602382/value-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-economic-analyses
#14
Benjamin Geisler, Yisi D Ji, Zachary S Peacock
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to describe the state of economic analyses in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of published literature up to 2016 was performed. The inclusion criteria were as follows: English-language articles on economic analyses pertaining to OMS including anesthesia and pain management; dentoalveolar surgery; orthognathic, cleft, and/or obstructive sleep apnea treatment; pathology; reconstruction; temporomandibular disorders; trauma; and other...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601210/tranexamic-acid-use-in-prehospital-uncontrolled-hemorrhage
#15
REVIEW
Benjamin R Huebner, Warren C Dorlac, Chris Cribari
The use of tranexamic acid (TXA) in the treatment of trauma patients was relatively unexplored until the landmark Clinical Randomisation of an Antifibrinolytic in Significant Haemorrhage-2 (CRASH-2) trial in 2010 demonstrated a reduction in mortality with the use of TXA. Although this trial was a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study incorporating >20,000 patients, numerous limitations and weaknesses have been described. As a result, additional studies have followed, delineating the potential risks and benefits of TXA administration...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596033/could-b-type-natriuretic-peptides-be-a-biomarker-for-trauma-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Yuan Zhang, Zhanpeng Feng, Yun Bao, Lizhi Zhou, Binghui Qiu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595674/blunt-laryngeal-trauma-secondary-to-sporting-injuries
#17
D Mendis, J A Anderson
BACKGROUND: Laryngeal injury after blunt trauma is uncommon, but can cause catastrophic airway obstruction and significant morbidity in voice and airway function. This paper aims to discuss a case series of sports-related blunt laryngeal trauma patients and describe the results of a thorough literature review. METHOD: Retrospective case-based analysis of laryngeal trauma referrals over six years to a tertiary laryngology centre. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients were identified; 13 (46 per cent) sustained sports-related trauma...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590350/does-prehospital-management-by-doctors-affect-outcome-in-major-trauma-a-systematic-review
#18
Stephanie Wilson, Vinay Gangathimmaiah
BACKGROUND: There is substantial variation worldwide in prehospital management of trauma and the role of doctors is controversial. The objective of this review was to determine whether prehospital management by doctors affects outcomes in major trauma, including the pre-specified subgroup of severe traumatic brain injuries (TBI) when compared to management by other advanced life support providers. METHODS: EMBASE, MEDLINE(R), PubMed, SciELO, Trip, Web of Science and Zetoc were searched for published articles...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590348/incidence-of-adult-respiratory-distress-syndrome-ards-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-over-a-period-of-three-decades
#19
Roman Pfeifer, Nicole Heussen, Emilia Michalewicz, Ralf-Dieter Hilgers, Hans-Christoph Pape
BACKGROUND: In trauma patients, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Changes in diagnostics, management and treatment may have influenced the incidence of ARDS. Therefore, the purpose of this manuscript is to evaluate whether there is a difference in the incidence of posttraumatic ARDS 1) over time, 2) attributable to geographic distribution, and 3) related to admitting surgical subspecialities. METHODS: A comprehensive search of articles published in English and German language was conducted using PubMed, MEDLINE, and the ISI Web of Science...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583750/systematic-review-early-versus-late-dangling-after-free-flap-reconstruction-of-the-lower-limb
#20
REVIEW
J T McGhee, L Cooper, K Orkar, L Harry, T Cubison
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Dangling regimes after free flap surgery to the lower limb vary between centres and clinicians. There is currently no accepted gold standard. This review examines the evidence for early versus late post-operative dangling after free flap reconstruction of the lower limb. The secondary aim is to evaluate the regimes used. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medline, Embase and the Cochrane library were searched for all studies on dangling or rehabilitation after free flap reconstruction in the lower limb (December 2015)...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
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