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systematic reviews AND trauma

P Ellul, L Boyer, L Groc, M Leboyer, G Fond
OBJECTIVES: It is unknown whether a cytokine signature may help the identification of subgroup of patient who would respond to personalized treatment. As interleukin-1 beta (Il-1β) seems to play a major role in mood disorder, a systematic review and meta-analysis of its potential role in major depressive disorder (MDD) was carried out. METHODS: A systematic search was performed to identify appropriate MDD vs. control studies pertaining to Il-1β. Methodological quality and possible moderators were also assessed...
October 15, 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Jacob R Joseph, Brandon W Smith, Hugh J L Garton
Blunt prenatal trauma is known to have consequences to the developing brain, and can result in subdural hematoma (SDH) or epidural hematoma (EDH). The authors present a case of blunt prenatal trauma resulting in a fetal SDH, intraparenchymal hematoma, and intraventricular hemorrhage, and perform a systematic review of the literature. This systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. Relevant studies (up to April 2016) that reported on cases of fetal SDH or EDH after blunt prenatal trauma were identified from the PubMed database...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Behzad Sabit, Frederick Adam Zeiler, Neil Berrington
PURPOSE: To perform a scoping systematic review on the literature surrounding mean arterial pressure (MAP) and functional outcomes post traumatic acute spinal cord injury (ASCI). METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the literature via searching MEDLINE, BIOSIS, EMBASE, Global Health, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Library from inception to January 2015. We also performed a handsearch of various published meeting proceedings. Through a 2-step review process, employing 2 independent reviewers, we selected articles for the final review based on predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Nadia Vossoughi, Yo Jackson, Stephanie Gusler, Katie Stone
Currently, there are approximately 10.8 million child refugees worldwide. Youth living in refugee camps face a wide range of difficulties placing them at risk for trauma exposure and negative mental health outcomes. However, little is known about the mental health functioning of these youth. The present review provides a systematic review of mental health outcomes for refugee/displaced youth residing in refugee camps. Twenty studies were included in the present review. Among these studies, the prevalence of mental health disorders varied greatly with some studies reporting null effects for disorders like posttraumatic stress disorder and others reporting prevalence as high as 87%...
October 11, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Nanying Li, Juqing Song, Guanglin Zhu, Xiaoyu Li, Lei Liu, Xuetao Shi, Yingjun Wang
As always, the clinical therapy of critical size bone defects caused by trauma, tumor removal surgery or congenital malformation is facing great challenges. Currently, various approaches including autograft, allograft and cell-biomaterial composite based tissue-engineering strategies have been implemented to reconstruct injured bone. However, due to damage during the transplantation processes or design negligence of the bionic scaffolds, these methods expose vulnerabilities without the assistance of periosteum, a bilayer membrane on the outer surface of the bone...
October 18, 2016: Biomaterials Science
Precilla V Veigas, Jeannie Callum, Sandro Rizoli, Bartolomeu Nascimento, Luis Teodoro da Luz
INTRODUCTION: Viscoelastic assays have been promoted as an improvement over traditional coagulation tests in the management of trauma patients. Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM®) has been used to diagnose coagulopathy and guide hemostatic therapy in trauma. This systematic review of clinical studies in trauma investigates the ROTEM® parameters thresholds used for the diagnosing coagulopathy, predicting and guiding transfusion and predicting mortality. METHODS: Systematic literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases...
October 3, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Catarina C Lins, Diego T Prado, Andrei F Joaquim
Surgical treatment is well accepted for patients with traumatic cervical facet joint dislocations (CFD), but there is uncertainty over which approach is better: anterior, posterior or combined. We performed a systematic literature review to evaluate the indications for anterior and posterior approaches in the management of CFD. Anterior approaches can restore cervical lordosis, and cause less postoperative pain and less wound problems. Posterior approaches are useful for direct reduction of locked facet joints and provide stronger fixation from a biomechanical point of view...
September 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
T K Kim, Mark Phillips, Mohit Bhandari, John Watson, Rajesh Malhotra
BACKGROUND: Most TKA prostheses are designed based on the anatomy of white patients. Individual studies have identified key anthropometric differences between the knees of the white population and other major ethnic groups, yet there is limited understanding of what these findings may indicate if analyzed collectively. QUESTION/PURPOSE: What are the differences in morphologic features of the distal femur and proximal tibia among and within various ethnicities? METHODS: A systematic review of the PubMed database and a hand-search of article bibliographies identified 235 potentially eligible English-language studies...
October 4, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Daniele Poole, Andrea Cortegiani, Arturo Chieregato, Emanuele Russo, Concetta Pellegrini, Elvio De Blasio, Francesca Mengoli, Annalisa Volpi, Silvia Grossi, Lara Gianesello, Vanni Orzalesi, Francesca Fossi, Osvaldo Chiara, Carlo Coniglio, Giovanni Gordini
BACKGROUND: Traumatic coagulopathy is thought to increase mortality and its treatment to reduce preventable deaths. However, there is still uncertainty in this field, and available literature results may have been overestimated. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE database using the PubMed platform. We formulated four queries investigating the prognostic weight of traumatic coagulopathy defined according to conventional laboratory testing, and the effectiveness in reducing mortality of three different treatments aimed at contrasting coagulopathy (high fresh frozen plasma/packed red blood cells ratios, fibrinogen, and tranexamic acid administration)...
2016: PloS One
Kelsey Hegarty, Laura Tarzia, Leesa Hooker, Angela Taft
Experiences of domestic and sexual violence are common in patients attending primary care. Most often they are not identified due to barriers to asking by health practitioners and disclosure by patients. Women are more likely than men to experience such violence and present with mental and physical health symptoms to health practitioners. If identified through screening or case finding as experiencing violence they need to be supported to recover from these traumas. This paper draws on systematic reviews published in 2013-2015 and a further literature search undertaken to identify recent intervention studies relevant to recovery from domestic and sexual violence in primary care...
October 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
Andrea Scalabrini, Marco Cavicchioli, Andrea Fossati, Cesare Maffei
Several authors studied dissociation within the Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) population and postulated three dissociative subgroups. Conversely, other authors suggest how dissociation may play a central role in the development of trauma related disorders and specifically in BPD. Nevertheless, the role of dissociation in BPD seems to be controversial. Our aim is to propose a meta-analytic review of literature to evaluate the extent of dissociation in BPD compared to other psychopathological disorders to clarify its role in this specific condition...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Miriam Fornells-Ambrojo, Alison Gracie, Chris R Brewin, Amy Hardy
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in response to psychosis and associated experiences (psychosis-related PTSD, or PR-PTSD) is the subject of a growing field of research. However, a wide range of PR-PTSD prevalence rates has been reported. This may be due to definitional and methodological inconsistencies in the assessment of PR-PTSD. OBJECTIVE: The focus of the review is two-fold. (1) To identify factors that enhance, or detract from, the robustness of PR-PTSD assessment and (2) to critically evaluate the evidence in relation to these identified criteria, including the impact on PR-PTSD prevalence rates...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
S T Chan, P C B Khong, W Wang
AIM: To provide an overview of healthcare professionals' psychological responses, coping strategies and supporting needs in the aftermath of an adverse event, thus informing health policy implications and future research in this aspect. BACKGROUND: Trauma experienced by healthcare professionals as second victims potentially provokes intense emotional distress, detrimental professional outcomes and imposes harsh long-term effects. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed to synthesize the experiences and needs of second victims who are healthcare professionals being traumatized by an unanticipated adverse event, medical error or patient-related injury...
September 28, 2016: International Nursing Review
Richard J Miron, Masako Fujioka-Kobayashi, Mark Bishara, Yufeng Zhang, Maria Hernandez, Joseph Choukroun
The growing multidisciplinary field of tissue engineering aims at predictably regenerating, enhancing, or replacing damaged or missing tissues for a variety of conditions caused by trauma, disease, and old age. One area of research that has gained tremendous awareness in recent years is that of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), which has been utilized across a wide variety of medical fields for the regeneration of soft tissues. This systematic review gathered all the currently available in vitro, in vivo, and clinical literature utilizing PRF for soft tissue regeneration, augmentation, and/or wound healing...
October 10, 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
Fatima Ahmed-Leitao, Georgina Spies, Leigh van den Heuvel, Soraya Seedat
We systematically reviewed differences in hippocampal and amygdala volumes between adults with childhood maltreatment-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and healthy controls. Using the terms "adults", "MRI", "magnetic resonance imaging", with "posttraumatic stress disorder" "PTSD", "child abuse", and "child maltreatment", we conducted searches on several electronic databases. We identified 10 studies that met our inclusion criteria; 7 of which were included in a meta-analysis of hippocampal volume and 4 that were included in a meta-analysis of amygdala volume...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Mira Vasileva, Franz Petermann
A proper preparation for foster parents to care for abused and neglected children includes effective training and initial diagnostics in order to plan individual treatment. Hence, a basic knowledge about the main psychosocial and developmental problems associated with abuse and neglect and their prevalence in foster children is needed. For this purpose, a systematical literature review and a series of meta-analyses were conducted. A total of 25 studies reporting data on development (n = 4,033), mental health (n = 726), and attachment (n = 255) of foster children in preschool age met the inclusion criteria...
September 22, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Aloise de Codt, Pauline Monhonval, Xavier Bongaerts, Ikram Belkacemi, Juan Martin Tecco
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is a chronic psychiatric disease with a high prevalence and is a major psychosocial and medical burden. The exact etiological pathways of bipolar disorder are not fully understood. Genetic factors are known to play an important role in the etiology of bipolar disorder. However, high rates of discordance among identical twins and a growing body of evidence that environmental factors such as early stress can influence the onset and course of psychiatric diseases underline the importance of additional etiological mechanisms of bipolar disorders...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
Denisa Urban, Ruben Dehaeck, Diane Lorenzetti, Jonathan Guilfoyle, Man-Chiu Poon, MacGregor Steele, David Lardner, Irene Wai Yan Ma, Mary Elizabeth Brindle
INTRODUCTION: Trauma is the leading cause of death among children aged 1-18. Studies indicate that better control of bleeding could potentially prevent 10-20% of trauma-related deaths. The antifibrinolytic agent tranexamic acid (TxA) has shown promise in haemorrhage control in adult trauma patients. However, information on the potential benefits of TxA in children remains sparse. This review proposes to evaluate the current uses, benefits and adverse effects of TxA in the bleeding paediatric trauma population...
2016: BMJ Open
Cindy C Sangalang, Cindy Vang
Although a robust literature describes the intergenerational effects of traumatic experiences in various populations, evidence specific to refugee families is scattered and contains wide variations in approaches for examining intergenerational trauma. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) criteria, the purpose of this systematic review was to describe the methodologies and findings of peer-reviewed literature regarding intergenerational trauma in refugee families...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
L A Costa, C C C Ribeiro, L M Cantanhede, J F Santiago Júnior, M R de Mendonça, A L P Pereira
Intrusive luxation is a severe form of dental trauma and there is no consensus regarding its management for permanent teeth. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to identify the appropriate treatment for teeth with intrusive luxation. The PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, US Clinical Trials, and ISRCTN Registry electronic databases were used to search for articles in English and unpublished studies without a date limit. Eligible studies evaluated periodontal results (root resorption as the primary outcome; marginal bone defects and/or pulpal changes as secondary outcomes) after spontaneous re-eruption (SRE), orthodontic repositioning (ORP), or surgical repositioning (SRP) for patients with one or more traumatically intruded permanent teeth...
September 17, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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