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chronic intermittent hypoxia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686686/protective-effect-of-zinc-preconditioning-against-renal-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-is-dose-dependent
#1
Kenny Rao, Kapil Sethi, Joseph Ischia, Luke Gibson, Laurence Galea, Lin Xiao, Mildred Yim, Mike Chang, Nathan Papa, Damien Bolton, Arthur Shulkes, Graham S Baldwin, Oneel Patel
OBJECTIVES: Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a major cause of acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease. Two promising preconditioning methods for the kidney, intermittent arterial clamping (IC) and treatment with the hypoxia mimetic cobalt chloride, have never been directly compared. Furthermore, the protective efficacy of the chemically related transition metal Zn2+ against renal IRI is unclear. Although Co2+ ions have been shown to protect the kidney via hypoxia inducible factor (HIF), the effect of Zn2+ ions on the induction of HIF1α, HIF2α and HIF3α has not been investigated previously...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670393/chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-decreases-pulmonary-clearance-of-99m-tc-labelled-particulate-matter-in-mice
#2
Cuiping Fu, Huan Lu, Xu Wu, Jie Liu, Chengying Liu, Zilong Liu, Wei Yuan, Jian Zhou, Shanqun Li
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) could cause systematic inflammation including pulmonary inflammatory response, whereas the influence of OSAHS in pulmonary clearance ability remains unknown. The main pathophysiological feature of OSAHS is chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). The goal of this study is to clarify the airway clearance of particulate matter (PM) in CIH mice, and to explore the potential mechanism. METHODS: Balb/c mice were divided into a CIH group and a control group, exposed to intermittent hypoxia and air chamber, respectively...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647595/intermittent-hypoxia-caused-cognitive-dysfunction-relate-to-mirnas-dysregulation-in-hippocampus
#3
Huabin Gao, Zhaoli Han, Shan Huang, Ruojing Bai, Xintong Ge, Fanglian Chen, Ping Lei
Intermittent hypoxia (IH) is a characteristic pathophysiological change of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a commonly diagnosed chronic sleep disorder. With the process of OSA, patients will suffer from the nervous system damage and appear to multiple cognitive dysfunction. The mechanism that how IH causes cognitive impairment is still unknown. Both control and experimental rats were placed in conditions absence and presence of intermittent hypoxia (IH) for 8h a day for a week, two weeks and four weeks, and then followed by behavioral assessments with Morris Water Maze (MWM) test...
June 21, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639573/a-transcriptomic-analysis-of-physiological-significance-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-in-myogenesis-and-carbohydrate-metabolism-of-genioglossus-in-mice
#4
Tong Hao, Yue-Hua Liu, Yuan-Yuan Li, Yun Lu, Hong-Yi Xu
BACKGROUND: Chronic intermittent hypoxia is the most remarkable feature of obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome and it can induce the change of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) expression and contractile properties in the genioglossus. To clarify the role of HIF-1α in contractile properties of the genioglossus, this study generated and compared high-throughput RNA-sequencing data from genioglossus between HIF-1α conditional knockout (KO) mice and littermate wild-type (WT) mice...
July 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637196/chronological-change-of-right-ventricle-by-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-in-mice
#5
Hyung-Ju Cho, Woon Heo, Jung Woo Han, Yong Hyuk Lee, Jin Myung Park, Min Jung Kang, Joo-Heon Yoon, Min Goo Lee, Chang-Hoon Kim, Joo Young Kim
Study Objective: No studies have investigated sequential changes in the heart on MRI, along with observation of functional lung phenotypes and genetics, over the duration of chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). We investigated chronological changes in heart and lung phenotypes after CIH using a mouse model to provide new insights into the pathophysiology of sleep apnea-induced cardiovascular disease. Methods: C57BL/6J adult male mice were randomized to 4 weeks or 8 weeks of CIH...
June 20, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633495/estradiol-protects-against-cardio-respiratory-dysfunctions-and-oxidative-stress-in-intermittent-hypoxia
#6
Sofien Laouafa, Alexandra Ribon-Demars, François Marcouiller, Damien Roussel, Aida Bairam, Vincent Pialoux, Vincent Joseph
Study Objectives: We tested the hypothesis that estradiol (E2) protects against cardio-respiratory disorders and oxidative stress induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) in adult female rats. Methods: Sprague-Dawley female rats (230-250g) were ovariectomized (OVX) and implanted with osmotic pumps delivering vehicle (Veh) or E2 (0.5 mg/kg/day). After 14 days of recovery, the rats were exposed to chronic CIH (21%-10% O2 - 8 hours/day - 10 cycles/hour) or room air (RA)...
June 19, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623125/chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-induces-liver-fibrosis-in-mice-with-diet-induced-obesity-via-tlr4-myd88-mapk-nf-kb-signaling-pathways
#7
Hyeon Hui Kang, In Kyoung Kim, Hye In Lee, Hyonsoo Joo, Jeong Uk Lim, Jongmin Lee, Sang Haak Lee, Hwa Sik Moon
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and causes chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) during sleep. Inflammation is associated with the development of metabolic complications induced by CIH. Research suggests that innate immune mechanisms are involved in the pro-inflammatory pathways of liver fibrosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether innate immune responses induce liver fibrosis, and to evaluate mechanisms underlying hepatic inflammation related to CIH in a murine diet-induced obesity (DIO) model...
August 19, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599322/monoamine-oxidase-a-upregulated-by-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-activates-indoleamine-2-3-dioxygenase-and-neurodegeneration
#8
Chun-Sing Lam, Jing-Jie Li, George Lim Tipoe, Moussa B H Youdim, Man-Lung Fung
Co-morbid depression is prevalent in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Here we report that monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) plays pathogenic roles in the comorbidity. We found that chronic intermittent hypoxia significantly increased the MAO-A expression in the rat hippocampus and markedly decreased the dendritic length and spine density in the pyramidal neurons with less pre- and post-synaptic proteins. The MAO-A upregulation resulted in increased 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid/serotonin ratio, oxidative stress, leading to NF-κB activation, inflammation and apoptosis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594573/activation-of-integrated-stress-response-and-metabolic-dysfunction-in-a-murine-model-of-sleep-apnea
#9
Abdelnaby Khalyfa, Zhuanhong Qiao, Alex Gileles-Hillel, Ahamed A Khalyfa, Mahzad Akbarpour, Brian Popko, David Gozal
BACKGROUND: Intermittent hypoxia (IH) induces activation of the integrated stress response (ISR), but its role in IH-induced visceral white adipose tissue (vWAT) insulin resistance in unknown. CHOP is activated by chronic ISR, while GADD34 dephosphorylates the subunit of translation initiation factor 2 (eIF2α), leading to termination of ISR. We hypothesized that CHOP/Gadd34 null mice would not manifest evidence of insulin resistance following IH exposures. METHODS: 8-week-old CHOP/GADD34-/- (DM) and wild type (WT) littermates were randomly assigned to IH or RA exposures for 6 weeks...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585890/hypoxic-conditioning-and-the-central-nervous-system-a-new-therapeutic-opportunity-for-brain-and-spinal-cord-injuries
#10
REVIEW
S Baillieul, S Chacaroun, S Doutreleau, O Detante, J L Pépin, S Verges
Central nervous system diseases are among the most disabling in the world. Neuroprotection and brain recovery from either acute or chronic neurodegeneration still represent a challenge in neurology and neurorehabilitation as pharmacology treatments are often insufficiently effective. Conditioning the central nervous system has been proposed as a potential non-pharmacological neuro-therapeutic. Conditioning refers to a procedure by which a potentially deleterious stimulus is applied near to but below the threshold of damage to the organism to increase resistance to the same or even different noxious stimuli given above the threshold of damage...
June 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565844/protective-effects-of-choline-against-hypoxia-induced-injuries-of-vessels-and-endothelial-cells
#11
Lian-Cheng Zhang, Xin Jin, Zhao Huang, Zhen-Nan Yan, Pei-Bing Li, Rui-Feng Duan, Hong Feng, Jian-Hua Jiang, Hui Peng, Wei Liu
The current study aimed to lay a theoretical foundation for further development of choline as an anti-hypoxia damage drug. Wild-type, 3- to 5-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 180-220 g, were used in this study. The rats were randomly divided into a normoxic control group (n=16) and a chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) group (n=16). The effects of CIH on acetylcholine (ACh)-mediated endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in the rat cerebral basilar arterioles and mesenteric arterioles, as well as the protective effects of choline on the arterioles damaged by hypoxia were observed...
May 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560400/altered-gene-expression-of-hepatic-cytochrome-p450-in-a-rat-model-of-intermittent-hypoxia-with-emphysema
#12
Hongzhi Yu, Hongxia Shao, Qi Wu, Xin Sun, Li Li, Kuan Li, Xue Li, Yu Li, Qiuyang Zhang, Junping Wu, Huaiyong Chen
Patients with respiratory overlap syndrome (OS), defined as concomitant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, may exhibit an increased blood concentration of ingested drugs. This poor elimination of drugs is primarily attributed to downregulated gene expression of the drug‑metabolizing cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs) in the liver. However, the underlying mechanisms of the decreased expression of CYPs in OS are poorly understood. In order to address this, a rat model of intermittent hypoxia with emphysema was evaluated in the present study, by analyzing liver gene expression using the reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
July 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549897/daily-acute-intermittent-hypoxia-improves-breathing-function-with-acute-and-chronic-spinal-injury-via-distinct-mechanisms
#13
B J Dougherty, J Terada, S R Springborn, S Vinit, P M MacFarlane, G S Mitchell
Daily acute intermittent hypoxia (dAIH) elicits respiratory plasticity, enhancing respiratory motor output and restoring breathing capacity after incomplete cervical spinal injuries (cSCI). We hypothesized that dAIH-induced functional recovery of breathing capacity would occur after both acute (2 weeks) and chronic (8 weeks) cSCI, but through distinct cellular mechanisms. Specifically, we hypothesized that dAIH-induced breathing recovery would occur through serotonin-independent mechanisms 2wks post C2 cervical hemisection (C2Hs), versus serotonin-dependent mechanisms 8wks post C2Hs...
May 24, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536140/angiotensin-converting-enzyme-1-in-the-median-preoptic-nucleus-contributes-to-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-hypertension
#14
Katelynn E Faulk, T Prashant Nedungadi, J Thomas Cunningham
Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Chronic intermittent hypoxia is used to model the arterial hypoxemia seen in sleep apnea patients and is associated with increased sympathetic nerve activity and a sustained diurnal increase in blood pressure. The renin angiotensin system has been associated with hypertension seen in chronic intermittent hypoxia. Angiotensin converting enzyme 1, which cleaves angiotensin I to the active counterpart angiotensin II, is present within the central nervous system and has been shown to be regulated by AP-1 transcription factors, such as ΔFosB...
May 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528846/the-multi-level-impact-of-chronic-intermittent-hypoxia-on-central-auditory-processing
#15
Eddie Wong, Bin Yang, Lida Du, Wai Hong Ho, Condon Lau, Ya Ke, Ying Shing Chan, Wing Ho Yung, Ed X Wu
During hypoxia, the tissues do not obtain adequate oxygen. Chronic hypoxia can lead to many health problems. A relatively common cause of chronic hypoxia is sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a sleep breathing disorder that affects 3-7% of the population. During sleep, the patient's breathing starts and stops. This can lead to hypertension, attention deficits, and hearing disorders. In this study, we apply an established chronic intermittent hypoxemia (CIH) model of sleep apnea to study its impact on auditory processing...
May 19, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522758/regulation-of-erythropoiesis-after-normoxic-return-from-chronic-sustained-and-intermittent-hypoxia
#16
Jihyun Song, Krishna Sundar, Radhika Gangaraju, Josef T Prchal
Hypoxia increases erythropoiesis mediated by hypoxia-inducible transcription factors (HIF) which regulate erythropoietin (EPO) transcription. Neocytolysis is a physiological mechanism that corrects polycythemia from chronic sustained hypoxemia (CSH) by transient, preferential destruction of young RBCs after normoxia is restored. We showed that neocytolysis is caused by excessive mitochondrial-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) in reticulocytes mediated by down-regulation of HIF-controlled BNIP3L regulated mitophagy and a decrease in RBC antioxidant catalase (CAT) in hypoxia-produced erythrocytes...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520763/genome-wide-gene-expression-array-identifies-novel-genes-related-to-disease-severity-and-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#17
Yung-Che Chen, Kuang-Den Chen, Mao-Chang Su, Chien-Hung Chin, Chung-Jen Chen, Chia-Wei Liou, Ting-Wen Chen, Ya-Chun Chang, Kuo-Tung Huang, Chin-Chou Wang, Ting-Ya Wang, Jen-Chieh Chang, Yong-Yong Lin, Yi-Xin Zheng, Meng-Chih Lin, Chang-Chun Hsiao
We aimed to identify novel molecular associations between chronic intermittent hypoxia with re-oxygenation and adverse consequences in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We analyzed gene expression profiles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 48 patients with sleep-disordered breathing stratified into four groups: primary snoring (PS), moderate to severe OSA (MSO), very severe OSA (VSO), and very severe OSA patients on long-term continuous positive airway pressure treatment (VSOC). Comparisons of the microarray gene expression data identified eight genes up-regulated with OSA and down-regulated with CPAP treatment, and five genes down-regulated with OSA and up-regulated with CPAP treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507531/noradrenergic-activation-of-hypoglossal-nucleus-modulates-the-central-regulation-of-genioglossus-in-chronic-intermittent-hypoxic-rats
#18
Xinshi Nie, Ling Zhou, Aidi Wang, Hongyu Jin, Zheng Qin, Jian Pang, Wei Wang, Jian Kang
Neuromuscular compensation of the genioglossus muscle can be induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) in obstructive sleep apnea to maintain upper airway stability. Noradrenergic activation of hypoglossal nucleus plays a critical role in the central control of the genioglossus. However, it remains unknown whether norepinephrine takes part in the central regulation of the genioglossus during CIH. Adult male Wistar rats (n = 32) were studied to explore the influence of noradrenergic activation of hypoglossal nucleus on the central control of the genioglossus at different stages of CIH...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490448/intermittent-hypoxia-training-blunts-cerebrocortical-presenilin-1-overexpression-and-amyloid-%C3%AE-accumulation-in-ethanol-withdrawn-rats
#19
Myoung-Gwi Ryou, Robert T Mallet, Daniel B Metzger, Marianna E Jung
Abrupt cessation of chronic alcohol consumption triggers signaling cascades that harm vulnerable brain regions and produce neurobehavioral deficits. We have demonstrated that a program of intermittent, normobaric hypoxia training (IHT) in rats prevents brain damage and neurobehavioral impairment resulting from abrupt ethanol withdrawal (EW). Moreover, EW induced expression of stress-activated protein kinase p38 and presenilin 1 (PS1), the catalytic subunit of γ-secretase that produces the neurotoxic amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides Aβ40 and Aβ42...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474128/-chronic-hypoxia-and-cardiovascular-risk-clinical-significance-of-different-forms-of-hypoxia
#20
REVIEW
U Koehler, O Hildebrandt, J Krönig, W Grimm, J Otto, W Hildebrandt, R Kinscherf
It is of fundamental importance to differentiate whether chronic hypoxia occurs intermittently or persistently. While chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) is found typically in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OAS), chronic persistent hypoxia (CPH) is typically diagnosed in patients with chronic lung disease. Cardiovascular risk is markedly increased in patients with CIH compared to patients with CPH. The frequent change between oxygen desaturation and reoxygenation in patients with CIH is associated with increased hypoxic stress, increased systemic inflammation, and enhanced adrenergic activation followed by endothelial dysfunction and increased arteriosclerosis...
May 4, 2017: Herz
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