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stemm cell

Matthew Stemm, David Suster, Paul E Wakely, Saul Suster
Objectives: Granular cell tumors are rare neoplasms of neural origin. Despite the mesenchymal nature of these tumors, they rarely occur in the soft tissue, and as a result, this subset is not well characterized. We present the largest case series to date comprising 50 patients with benign and atypical soft tissue granular cell tumors in an effort to better define the pathologic features in this subset of lesions. Methods: All cases of soft tissue granular cell tumors from the Ohio State Medical Center and the Medical College of Wisconsin over a 10-year period were reviewed for histologic and clinical findings...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Andy Sombke, Torben Stemme
BACKGROUND: Given the numerous hypotheses concerning arthropod phylogeny, independent data are needed to supplement knowledge based on traditional external morphology and modern molecular sequence information. One promising approach involves comparisons of the structure and development of the nervous system. Along these lines, the morphology of serotonin-immunoreactive neurons in the ventral nerve cord has been investigated in numerous tetraconate taxa (Crustacea and Hexapoda). It has been shown that these neurons can be identified individually due to their comparably low number, characteristic soma position, and neurite morphology, thus making it possible to establish homologies at the single cell level...
2017: Zoological Letters
Westley Heydeck, Alexander J Stemm-Wolf, Janin Knop, Christina C Poh, Mark Winey
Basal bodies are essential microtubule-based structures that template, anchor, and orient cilia at the cell surface. Cilia act primarily in the generation of directional fluid flow and sensory reception, both of which are utilized for a broad spectrum of cellular processes. Although basal bodies contribute to vital cell functions, the molecular contributors of their assembly and maintenance are poorly understood. Previous studies of the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila revealed important roles for two centrin family members in basal body assembly, separation of new basal bodies, and stability...
November 2016: MSphere
Torben Stemme, Michael Stern, Gerd Bicker
The ventral nerve cord of Tetraconata contains a comparably low number of serotonin-immunoreactive neurons, facilitating individual identification of cells and their characteristic neurite morphology. This offers the rather unique possibility of establishing homologies at the single cell level. Because phylogenetic relationships within Tetraconata are still discussed controversially, comparisons of individually identifiable neurons can help to unravel these issues. Serotonin immunoreactivity has been investigated in numerous tetraconate taxa, leading to reconstructions of hypothetical ground patterns for major lineages...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
Rohit Inder Singh, Lauren Rosen, Vijaya B Reddy, Pincas Bitterman, Matthew H Stemm, Paolo Gattuso
Literature on fine-needle aspiration of ovarian transitional cell tumor or Brenner tumors is sparse and mostly confined to isolated case reports of metastatic transitional cell tumors. We undertook a retrospective study of intraoperative imprint cytology of ovarian transitional cell tumors to better define the cytologic features of this uncommon ovarian tumor. Between 2005 and 2012, a total of 19 ovarian transitional cell tumors were recorded in our surgical pathology files, 10 of which had concomitant imprint cytologic material available for review...
August 2014: Diagnostic Cytopathology
L Zetterlund, S Stemme, H Arnrup, J de Boniface
BACKGROUND: Positive sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) are found in up to 13 per cent of women with a preoperative diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast and in up to 4 per cent of those with a postoperative diagnosis. This retrospective national register study investigated the incidence of positive SLNs in women with a postoperative diagnosis of DCIS, and the value of additional tumour sectioning to identify occult tumour invasion. METHODS: All surgical patients with a final histopathological diagnosis of pure DCIS registered in the Swedish national breast cancer register in 2008 and 2009 were eligible...
April 2014: British Journal of Surgery
Torben Stemme, Thomas M Iliffe, Björn M von Reumont, Stefan Koenemann, Steffen Harzsch, Gerd Bicker
BACKGROUND: Remipedia were initially seen as a primitive taxon within Pancrustacea based on characters considered ancestral, such as the homonomously segmented trunk. Meanwhile, several morphological and molecular studies proposed a more derived position of Remipedia within Pancrustacea, including a sister group relationship to Hexapoda. Because of these conflicting hypotheses, fresh data are crucial to contribute new insights into euarthropod phylogeny. The architecture of individually identifiable serotonin-immunoreactive neurons has successfully been used for phylogenetic considerations in Euarthropoda...
2013: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Alexander J Stemm-Wolf, Janet B Meehl, Mark Winey
Directed fluid flow, which is achieved by the coordinated beating of motile cilia, is required for processes as diverse as cellular swimming, developmental patterning and mucus clearance. Cilia are nucleated, anchored and aligned at the plasma membrane by basal bodies, which are cylindrical microtubule-based structures with ninefold radial symmetry. In the unicellular ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila, two centrin family members associated with the basal body are important for both basal body organization and stabilization...
April 1, 2013: Journal of Cell Science
Gaspard Pardon, Hithesh K Gatty, Göran Stemme, Wouter van der Wijngaart, Niclas Roxhed
Functional nanoporous materials are promising for a number of applications ranging from selective biofiltration to fuel cell electrodes. This work reports the functionalization of nanoporous membranes using atomic layer deposition (ALD). ALD is used to conformally deposit platinum (Pt) and aluminum oxide (Al(2)O(3)) on Pt in nanopores to form a metal-insulator stack inside the nanopore. Deposition of these materials inside nanopores allows the addition of extra functionalities to nanoporous materials such as anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes...
January 11, 2013: Nanotechnology
Torben Stemme, Thomas M Iliffe, Gerd Bicker, Steffen Harzsch, Stefan Koenemann
BACKGROUND: Remipedia, a group of homonomously segmented, cave-dwelling, eyeless arthropods have been regarded as basal crustaceans in most early morphological and taxonomic studies. However, molecular sequence information together with the discovery of a highly differentiated brain led to a reconsideration of their phylogenetic position. Various conflicting hypotheses have been proposed including the claim for a basal position of Remipedia up to a close relationship with Malacostraca or Hexapoda...
2012: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Mark Winey, Alexander J Stemm-Wolf, Thomas H Giddings, Chad G Pearson
Since their first detection in pond water, large ciliates such as Tetrahymena thermophila, have captivated school children and scientists alike with the elegance of their swimming and the beauty of their cortical organization. Indeed, cytology - simply looking at cells - is an important component of most areas of study in cell biology and is particularly intriguing in the large, complex Tetrahymena cell. Cytological analysis of Tetrahymena is critical for the study of the microtubule cytoskeleton, membrane trafficking, complex nuclear movements and interactions, and the cellular remodeling during conjugation, to name a few topics...
2012: Methods in Cell Biology
Tyson Vonderfecht, Alexander J Stemm-Wolf, Melissa Hendershott, Thomas H Giddings, Janet B Meehl, Mark Winey
The basal body is a microtubule-organizing center responsible for organizing the cilium, a structure important for cell locomotion and sensing of the surrounding environment. A widely conserved basal body component is the Ca(2+)-binding protein centrin. Analyses of centrin function suggest a role in basal body assembly and stability; however, its molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Here we describe a mutagenic strategy to study the function and essential nature of the various structural features of Cen1 in the ciliate Tetrahymena...
July 1, 2011: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Bert H Jacobson, Doug B Smith, John D Stemm, Aric J Warren, Matt S O'Brien, Rob G Glass
Claims of recently developed energy patches suggest that organic nanoscale biomolecular "antennas" produced by L and D-stereoisomers resonate at frequencies in unison with molecules in the cells inducing electron flow to assists in recruiting calcium ions, allowing greater muscle fiber recruitment during muscle contraction. The purpose of the study was to assess the efficacy of energy patches in the performance of selected muscle power and endurance measures. After a 5-minute warm-up and stretch, 41 college varsity football players (age, 20...
May 2008: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Divinia N Stemm, Job C Tharappel, Hans-Joachim Lehmler, Cidambi Srinivasan, J Steven Morris, Vickie L Spate, Larry W Robertson, Brett T Spear, Howard P Glauert
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants that have promoting activity in the liver. PCBs induce oxidative stress, which may influence carcinogenesis. Epidemiological studies strongly suggest an inverse relationship between dietary selenium (Se) and cancer. Despite evidence linking Se deficiency to hepatocellular carcinoma and liver necrosis, the underlying mechanisms for Se cancer protection in the liver remain to be determined. We examined the effect of dietary Se on the tumor promoting activities of two PCBs congeners, 3,3', 4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl (PCB-77) and 2,2', 4,4', 5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB-153) using a 2-stage carcinogenesis model...
March 2008: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Susanna Rydholm, Thomas Frisk, Jacob M Kowalewski, Helene Andersson Svahn, Göran Stemme, Hjalmar Brismar
We present the first microfabricated microfluidic devices designed specifically for studies of primary cilium mediated cellular response to dynamic flow. The primary cilium functions as a mechano-sensor in renal tubular epithelium, sensing the extracellular fluid flow. Malfunction of cilia has been implicated in e.g. polycystic kidney disease and other pathological conditions. Bending of the primary cilium by fluid flow has been shown to give rise to an intracellular calcium signal, however little is known about the sensitivity to flow duration, magnitude and direction...
August 2008: Biomedical Microdevices
Thomas Frisk, Susanna Rydholm, Thomas Liebmann, Helene Andersson Svahn, Göran Stemme, Hjalmar Brismar
We demonstrate a concept for how a miniaturized 3-D cell culture in biological extracellular matrix (ECM) or synthetic gels bridges the gap between organ-tissue culture and traditional 2-D cultures. A microfluidic device for 3-D cell culture including microgradient environments has been designed, fabricated, and successfully evaluated. In the presented system stable diffusion gradients can be generated by application of two parallel fluid flows with different composition against opposite sides of a gel plug with embedded cells...
December 2007: Electrophoresis
S Bishu, J M Quigley, J Schmitz, S R Bishu, R A Stemm, S M Olsasky, S Paknikar, K H Holdeman, J O Armitage, J H Hankins
F-18-fluoro-deoxy-glucose positron emission tomography (PET) is highly sensitive and specific in the imaging of B-cell lymphomas. In contrast, its utility in the diagnostic evaluation of T-cell lymphomas is less defined. In this article, we present our finding utilizing PET in peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL). A retrospective review of patients who underwent PET examinations at our institution produced 24 PET examinations among patients with PTCL. A lesion-based analysis was undertaken to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of PET in PTCL...
August 2007: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Thomas Frisk, Susanna Rydholm, Helene Andersson, Göran Stemme, Hjalmar Brismar
This paper presents a novel method to embed, anchor, and cultivate cells in a controlled 3-D flow-through microenvironment. This is realized using an etched silicon pillar flow chamber filled with extracellular matrix (ECM) gel mixed with cells. At 4 degrees C, while in liquid form, ECM gel is mixed with cells and injected into the chamber. Raising the temperature to 37 degrees C results in a gel, with cells embedded. The silicon pillars both stabilize and increase the surface to volume ratio of the gel. During polymerization the gel shrinks, thus creating channels, which enables perfusion through the chip...
December 2005: Electrophoresis
S Dänicke, K Matthäus, P Lebzien, H Valenta, K Stemme, K-H Ueberschär, E Razzazi-Fazeli, J Böhm, G Flachowsky
The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of feeding Fusarium toxin-contaminated wheat to dairy cows on nutrient utilization in the rumen and on duodenal flow of deoxynivalenol (DON), zearalenone (ZON) and their metabolites. Six dairy cows fitted with a large rumen cannula and a simple T-shaped cannula at the proximal duodenum was used in two experiments. The experiments included a control period in which the uncontaminated control wheat was fed and a period in which the control wheat was replaced by the Fusarium toxin-contaminated wheat (8...
October 2005: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Per-Arne Svensson, Mikael C O Englund, Magnus S C Snäckestrand, Daniel A Hägg, Bertil G Ohlsson, Veronika Stemme, Lillemor Mattsson-Hulten, Dag S Thelle, Björn Fagerberg, Olov Wiklund, Lena M S Carlsson, Björn Carlsson
BACKGROUND: The protective role of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in the cardiovascular system is related to its role in the reverse transport of cholesterol from the arterial wall to the liver for subsequent excretion via the bile. Scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) binds HDL and mediates selective uptake of cholesterol ester and cellular efflux of cholesterol to HDL. The role of SR-BI in atherosclerosis has been well established in murine models but it remains unclear whether SR-BI plays an equally important role in atherosclerosis in humans...
2005: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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