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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728403/newborn-traits-associated-with-pre-weaning-growth-and-survival-in-piglets
#1
Morakot Nuntapaitoon, Ramon Muns, Padet Tummaruk
Objective: Piglet pre-weaning mortality is an important variable indicating the efficacy of farrowing management and animal well-being during lactation. The present study determined the association of newborn traits measured soon after birth with piglet pre-weaning mortality and growth. Methods: In total, 805 piglets born from 57 multiparous sows were investigated. Their blood oxygen saturation, blood glucose and rectal temperature at 24 h after birth (RT24h) were monitored...
July 17, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728396/characterization-and-functional-inferences-of-a-genome-wide-dna-methylation-profile-in-the-loin-longissimus-dorsi-muscle-of-swine
#2
Woonsu Kim, Hyesun Park, Kang-Seok Seo, Seongwon Seo
Objective: DNA methylation plays a major role in regulating the expression of genes related to traits of economic interest (e.g., weight gain) in livestock animals. This study characterized and investigated the functional inferences of genome-wide DNA methylome in the loin (longissimus dorsi) muscle (LDM) of swine. Methods: A total of 8.99 Gb methylated DNA immunoprecipitation sequence data were obtained from LDM samples of eight Duroc pigs (four pairs of littermates)...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728374/analysis-of-metabolomic-patterns-in-thoroughbreds-before-and-after-exercise
#3
Hyun-Jun Jang, Duk-Moon Kim, Kyu-Bong Kim, Jeong-Woong Park, Jae-Young Choi, Jin Hyeog Oh, Ki-Duk Song, Suhkmann Kim, Byung-Wook Cho
Objective: Evaluation of exercise effects in racehorse is important in horseracing industry and animal health care. In this study, we compared metabolic patterns between before and after exercise to screen metabolic biomarkers for exercise effects in thoroughbreds. Methods: The concentration of metabolites in muscle, plasma, and urine was measured by 1H NMR spectroscopy analysis and the relative metabolite levels in the three samples were compared between before and after exercise...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728363/effect-of-different-levels-of-protein-concentrates-supplementation-on-the-growth-performance-plasma-amino-acids-profile-and-mtor-cascade-genes-expression-in-early-weaned-yak-calves
#4
Quhani Peng, Nazir Ahmad Khan, B Xue, T H Yan, Z S Ahmad Wang
Objective: Yak is anone of the most important livestock species in the alpine-meadow grasslands of Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. WeThis study evaluated the effects of different levels of protein concentrate supplementation on the growth performance of yak calves, and correlated the growth rate to the changes occurring in the plasma- amino acids, and -insulin profile, and to the signaling activity of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) cascade, in order to characterize the mechanism through which the protein synthesis can be improved in early weaned yaks...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728360/isolation-and-characterization-of-a-novel-gossypol-degrading-bacteria-bacillus-subtilis-strain-rbs
#5
Yunhua Zhang, Lijuan Chen, Zhengyou Zhang, Li Dai, Ying Liu, Maoji Cheng
Objective: An experiment was conducted to isolate gossypol-degrading bacteria and assessed its potential for gossypol degradation. Methods: Rumen liquid was collected from the rumen of cows through fistula from the experimental pasture. Approximately 1 ml of the rumen liquid was spread onto basal medium plates containing 2 g/l gossypol as the only source of carbon and was then cultured at 39°C to isolate gossypol-degrading bacteria. The isolated colonies were cultured for 6 h and then observed their size and shape by the microscope and scanning electron microscope...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728349/occupational-risk-factors-among-iranian-farmworkers-a-review-of-the-available-evidence
#6
Mahin Ghafari, Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani
Objectives: Farming is one of the most important components of most economies. There is not a comprehensive picture of the health status and work-related hazards among Iranian farmers. We aimed to determine the gaps in the current knowledge regarding the occupational health of Iranian farmworkers. Methods: Electronic databases including Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, as well as national databases including the Scientific Information Database, MagIran, and Barakat Knowledge System, were searched for articles published until March 2017...
July 2, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728347/pros-and-cons-of-health-transformation-program-in-iran-evidence-from-financial-outcomes-at-household-level
#7
Enayatollah Homaie Rad, Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi, Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Abolhasan Afkar, Ahmad Naghibzadeh Tahami
Purpose: Health transformation program (HTP) is one of the recent reforms in health system of Iran implemented in early 2014. Improving the equity of payments and reducing out of pocket (OOP) and catastrophic health expenditures (CHE) were some of the program's important goals. In this study these goals were evaluated using a before-after analysis. Methods: Household income and expenditures data of Guilan province were gathered for years 2013-2015. OOP payments for outpatient, inpatient and drug services were calculated and the results were compared using propensity score matching technique after adjustment of confounding variables...
July 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728333/the-lazy-s-design-a-novel-skin-closure-design-in-skin-sparing-mastectomy-for-implant-based-breast-reconstruction
#8
June-Kyu Kim, Yong Seong Kim
Preservation of the breast skin envelope during immediate implant-based breast reconstruction is important for producing symmetrical and natural-looking breasts. We propose the lazy S design for the closure of round-shaped wounds with the hope of improving the aesthetic outcomes and reducing the tension on the wound by preserving the skin. Additionally, the direction of tension is dispersed due to the shape of this design. Patients undergoing implant reconstruction after skin-sparing mastectomy may benefit from the lazy S design...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728324/the-chicken-thigh-adductor-profundus-free-muscle-flap-a-novel-validated-non-living-microsurgery-simulation-training-model
#9
Georgios Pafitanis, Yasmine Serrar, Maria Raveendran, Ali Ghanem, Simon Myers
BACKGROUND: Simulation training is becoming an increasingly important component of skills acquisition in surgical specialties, including Plastic Surgery. Non-living simulation models have an established place in Plastic Surgical microsurgery training, and support the principles of replacement, reduction and refinement of animal use. A more sophisticated version of the basic chicken thigh microsurgery model has been developed to include dissection of a type 1-muscle flap and is described and validated here...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728313/the-effect-of-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-on-the-metachronous-neoplasm-after-endoscopic-resection-for-gastric-dysplasia
#10
Ji Hyun Song, Sun Young Yang, Joo Hyun Lim, Ji Min Choi, Sang Gyun Kim
Background/Aims: Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection is an important risk factor for gastric carcinogenesis. Although several studies have investigated the effect of Hp eradication on the development of metachronous neoplasm after endoscopic resection of the gastric dysplasia, the evidence is still insufficient to make a clear conclusion. The aims of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for the development of metachronous neoplasm after endoscopic resection of gastric dysplasia and to investigate the effect of Hp eradication...
July 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728311/clinical-approach-to-incidental-pancreatic-cystic-neoplasm-in-outpatient-clinics
#11
REVIEW
Young Sik Woo, Kyu Taek Lee
Cystic lesions of the pancreas are increasingly observed due to increased use of abdominal images. The malignant rate of pancreas cystic lesion varies widely between various types. Identification of malignant or high-risk lesions is important when determining the appropriate course of management. Using these image findings, including cyst size, presence of solid components, and pancreatic duct involvement, the 2012 International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) and the 2015 American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) guidelines provide a rationale in identifying higher risk patients requiring further workups using an endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)...
July 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728307/changes-in-reference-evapotranspiration-and-its-driving-factors-in-the-middle-reaches-of-yellow-river-basin-china
#12
Dunxian She, Jun Xia, Yongyong Zhang
Reference evapotranspiration (ET0) is important for agricultural, environmental and other studies, and understanding the attribution of its change is helpful to provide information for irrigation scheduling and water resources management. The present study investigates the attribution of the change of ET0 at 49 meteorological stations in the middle reaches of Yellow River basin (MRYRB) of China from 1960 to 2012. Results show that annual ET0 increases from the northwest to the southeast of MRYRB in space. We find that annual ET0 clearly presents a zigzag change pattern rather than a monotonically change during the whole period...
July 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728303/-enhancing-soft-tissue-reattachment-with-artificial-mesh-in-joint-endoprosthetic-reconstruction-for-bone-tumors
#13
J S Lin, R Chen, W Yan, D D Chen
Objective: To investigate the operative method and clinical application of the BARD(®) Mesh in enhancing joint stability and function of endoprosthetic reconstruction for bone tumors. Methods: From Jan 2013 to Jun 2015, the clinical data of 51 patients aged (44.75±23.18) years underwent wide resection of tumor and endoprosthetic reconstruction using the BARD(®) Mesh were collected. Among them, 27 were male and 24 were female. The surgical treatments received by these patients included 5 shoulder arthroplasties, 12 elbow replacements, 12 hip replacements and 32 knee replacements (including 24 femoral tumors and 8 tibial tumors)...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728296/-intramural-gastric-metastasis-of-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-an-analysis-of-imaging-findings-and-clinicopathological-features
#14
Y J Zhu, L Y Xue, Y Li, J Jiang, T T Liu, L M Jiang
Objective: To discuss the imaging findings and clinicopathological features of the intramural gastric metastasis (IGM) of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: The imaging findings of 11 patients with IGM confirmed by surgical pathology were reviewed retrospectively, and compared with clinicopathological features. Of the 11 cases, eight underwent upper gastrointestinal radiography, ten underwent contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans and one underwent plain CT scanning. Results: In all 11 cases, the primary cancer was located in the middle or lower thoracic esophagus, and nine of 11 had lymph nodes metastasis...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728291/-relationship-of-endometrial-thickness-and-endometrial-cancer-risk-in-postmenopausal-women
#15
L Li, M Wu
Evaluation of the vaginal bleeding of postmenopausal women is crucial to diagnose endometrial lesions. Endometrial thickness measured by transvaginal ultrasonography provides an important reference for diagnosis. Currently, no specific cut-off value of endometrial thickness has been identified to predict the malignant risk for endometrial thickening and postmenopausal women without any symptoms. Most of resected endometrial specimens from postmenopausal women without any symptoms are diagnosed as benign or normal tissues...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728285/-prevalence-and-surgery-status-of-cataract-among-adults-aged-60-years-or-above-in-two-villages-of-nantong
#16
J Zhou, Y Yuan, X Zhang, M Yang, H J Guan
Objective: To assess the prevalence, surgical coverage rate and social burden rate of cataract blindness among adults aged ≥60 years in the suburban population of Nantong, Jiangsu, China. Methods: It was a population-based cross-section study. A census with individuals aged ≥60 years was conducted in two villages of the suburb area in Nantong from June to August, 2008. A total of 1 305 individuals received visual acuity and eye examinations. Lens and cataract operative status were evaluated by slit-lamp biomicroscopy...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728251/-progress-of-dopamine-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#17
Z Y Song, H L Yi
The etiology and pathogenesis of sleep obstructive apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is not yet definitive, evidence shows that the dysfunction of pharyngeal nerve and the atonia of the muscle innervated by these nerve could play an important role in the progress of OSAHS. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system which significantly affects the sleep-awake regulation. So far mounting evidence shows that dopamine has a potential role in the modulation of hypoglossal nucleus. The progress of dopamine in obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome is reviewed in this article...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728224/-antagonism-of-lovastatin-on-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-in-primary-rat-hippocampal-neurons-induced-by-%C3%AE-amyloid-peptide
#18
L C Tan, L Zhao, X H Liu, C M Deng, Z Z Guan
Objective: To investigate the effect of lovastatin on oxidative stress and apoptosis in neurons induced by β-amyloid peptide (Aβ). Methods: Primary culture of rat hippocampal neuron was treated with Aβ oligomers alone or combined with lovastatin. The levels of OH(-), H(2)O(2), O(2)·(-), malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) activities were measured by biochemical methods and protein expression of caspase-3 and bcl-2 was detected by Western blot. Results: As compared with the control group, treatment of 0...
July 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728223/-expression-and-bioinformatics-analysis-of-long-chain-non-coding-rna-pvt1-in-tumors
#19
M Wang, W Gao, Y F Bai, D H Lu, L H Teng
Objective: To study the expression and mechanism of long-chain non-coding RNA PVT1 in tumor by bioinformatics analysis and experimental verification, and to provide new ideas for the study of the pathogenesis of tumors. Methods: The expression of PVT1 in 14 common tumors was downloaded from starBase v2.0 public database, which also was verified by PVT1 RNA-in situ hybridization.The upstream transcription factors, the downstream target microRNA(miRNA) for PVT1 and the target genes for the target miRNAs were predicted and analyzed by using bioinformatics based on the database of UCSC Genome Browser, HMDD v2...
July 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728201/-fever-and-headache-after-a-vacation-in-thailand
#20
Benedikt Schwermer, Daniel Eschle, Constantine Bloch-Infanger
History 50 year-old man with fever and headache starting one week after returning from his vacation in Thailand. His general practitioner prescribed amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, without further analyses to pinpoint the infection. Examinations The examination of cerebro-spinal fluid was crucial for the final diagnosis. Lumbar puncture demonstrated a predominantly mononuclear pleocytosis of 80 cells/µl (< 5) with an elevated protein of 782 mg/l (< 450); glucose and lactate were within normal limits...
July 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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