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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922062/online-educational-tool-to-promote-bone-health-in-cancer-survivors
#1
Jude K A des Bordes, Maria E Suarez-Almazor, Robert J Volk, Huifang Lu, Beatrice Edwards, Maria A Lopez-Olivo
Osteoporosis burden is significant in cancer survivors. Websites providing health information abound, but their development, quality, and source of information remain unclear. Our aim was to use a systematic and transparent approach to create an educational website on bone health, and to evaluate its potential to improve knowledge, self-management, and awareness in prostate cancer (PCa) and breast cancer (BCa) survivors. Guided by the Health Belief Model, we created a website using international standards and evaluated it in 10 PCa and 10 BCa survivors with self-administered questionnaire before, after, and 1 month after navigating the website...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922029/exploratory-study-into-the-microbiological-quality-of-spinach-and-cabbage-purchased-from-street-vendors-and-retailers-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#2
Erika M du Plessis, Sarasha Govender, Bala Pillay, Lise Korsten
Knowledge of the microbiological quality and prevalence of antibiotic resistance and virulence genes in bacterial isolates from leafy green vegetables supplied by formal suppliers (retailers) and informal suppliers (street vendors) in South Africa is limited. Because leafy vegetables have been implicated in foodborne disease outbreaks worldwide, 180 cabbage and spinach samples were collected from three major retailers and nine street vendors in Johannesburg, South Africa. Escherichia coli and coliforms were enumerated using Petrifilm plates...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919614/use-of-acute-physiology-and-chronic-health-evaluation-apache-ii-and-red-cell-distribution-width-rdw-for-assessment-of-mortality-of-patients-with-sepsis-in-icu
#3
A Q Huda, M R Karim, M A Mahmud, M S Islam, M F Haque, M R Islam, M A Hossain
Critically ill patients of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) need highest level of monitoring, intense nursing care and integrated management which are very expensive and consume significant part of hospital resources. Prediction of outcome from disease has become an essential component of health science. So, various scoring systems have been developed to predict outcome of critically ill patients in ICU. There is no perfect model of severity score to predict ICU mortality. Search for new system is still remaining as continuous efforts to find the best model to get accurate information about the prognosis and outcome of critically ill patients...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918758/medical-device-recalls-in-canada-from-2005-to-2015
#4
Anna R Gagliardi, Julie Takata, Ariel Ducey, Pascale Lehoux, Sue Ross, Patricia L Trbovich, Anthony Easty, Chaim M Bell, David R Urbach
OBJECTIVES: Medical devices are ubiquitous in modern medical care. However, little is known about the epidemiology of medical devices in the healthcare marketplace, including the rate at which medical devices are subject to recalls or other advisories. We sought to study the epidemiology of medical devices in Canada, focusing on device recalls. In Canada, a recall may signify a variety of events, ranging from relatively minor field safety notifications, to removal of a product from the marketplace...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914794/effects-of-probiotics-prebiotics-and-synbiotics-on-human-health
#5
REVIEW
Paulina Markowiak, Katarzyna Śliżewska
The human gastrointestinal tract is colonised by a complex ecosystem of microorganisms. Intestinal bacteria are not only commensal, but they also undergo a synbiotic co-evolution along with their host. Beneficial intestinal bacteria have numerous and important functions, e.g., they produce various nutrients for their host, prevent infections caused by intestinal pathogens, and modulate a normal immunological response. Therefore, modification of the intestinal microbiota in order to achieve, restore, and maintain favourable balance in the ecosystem, and the activity of microorganisms present in the gastrointestinal tract is necessary for the improved health condition of the host...
September 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913595/health-professionals-make-their-choice-pharmaceutical-industry-leaders-understandings-of-conflict-of-interest
#6
Quinn Grundy, Lisa Tierney, Christopher Mayes, Wendy Lipworth
Conflicts of interest, stemming from relationships between health professionals and the pharmaceutical industry, remain a highly divisive and inflammatory issue in healthcare. Given that most jurisdictions rely on industry to self-regulate with respect to its interactions with health professionals, it is surprising that little research has explored industry leaders' understandings of conflicts of interest. Drawing from in-depth interviews with ten pharmaceutical industry leaders based in Australia, we explore the normalized and structural management of conflicts of interest within pharmaceutical companies...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910182/consumers-perceptions-of-edible-marijuana-products-for-recreational-use-likes-dislikes-and-reasons-for-use
#7
Kristen C Giombi, Katherine M Kosa, Carrie Rains, Sheryl C Cates
BACKGROUND: Edible marijuana products have become extremely popular in states that have legalized marijuana for recreational use. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this research was to provide a better understanding of consumer perceptions of edible marijuana products, including why they prefer edibles relative to other forms of marijuana (e.g., smoking) and their concerns regarding the consumption of edibles. METHODS: We conducted eight focus groups (four groups in Denver, Colorado, and four groups in Seattle, Washington) in February 2016 with 62 adult consumers of edibles...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904853/lyme-disease-and-youtubetm-a-cross-sectional-study-of-video-contents
#8
Corey H Basch, Lindsay A Mullican, Kwanza D Boone, Jingjing Yin, Alyssa Berdnik, Marina E Eremeeva, Isaac Chun-Hai Fung
OBJECTIVES: Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease. People seek health information on Lyme disease from YouTube(TM) videos. In this study, we investigated if the contents of Lyme disease-related YouTube(TM) videos varied by their sources. METHODS: Most viewed English YouTube(TM) videos (n = 100) were identified and manually coded for contents and sources. RESULTS: Within the sample, 40 videos were consumer-generated, 31 were internet-based news, 16 were professional, and 13 were TV news...
August 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904300/hair-mercury-levels-in-relation-to-fish-consumption-among-vietnamese-in-hanoi
#9
Van Anh Thi Hoang, Hien Thu Thi Do, Tetsuro Agusa, Chihaya Koriyama, Suminori Akiba, Yasuhiro Ishibashi, Mineshi Sakamoto, Megumi Yamamoto
People are exposed to methylmercury (MeHg) mainly through fish consumption, which is increasing in Vietnam. However, little information is available on estimating the health risk of MeHg exposure through fish consumption in Vietnam. The present study examined the association between mercury (Hg) levels in hair and selenium (Se) levels in toenails of 196 Vietnamese people and their fish consumption, using a dietary questionnaire to obtain information pertinent for assessing health risk owing to MeHg exposure...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903700/motivational-differences-in-seeking-out-evaluative-categorization-information
#10
Rachel Smallman, Brittney Becker
Previous research shows that people draw finer evaluative distinctions when rating liked versus disliked objects (e.g., wanting a 5-point scale to evaluate liked cuisines and a 3-point scale to rate disliked cuisines). Known as the preference-categorization effect, this pattern may exist not only in how individuals form evaluative distinctions but also in how individuals seek out evaluative information. The current research presents three experiments that examine motivational differences in evaluative information seeking (rating scales and attributes)...
July 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899846/quality-of-patient-information-websites-about-congenital-heart-defects-mixed-methods-study-of-perspectives-among-individuals-with-experience-of-a-prenatal-diagnosis
#11
Tommy Carlsson, Ulla Melander Marttala, Barbro Wadensten, Gunnar Bergman, Ove Axelsson, Elisabet Mattsson
BACKGROUND: When a heart defect is prenatally diagnosed in the fetus, expectant parents experience a great need for information about various topics. After the diagnosis, the Web is used for supplemental information, and the scarcity of research calls attention to the need to explore patient information websites from the perspectives of the intended consumers. OBJECTIVE: The overarching aim of this study was to explore the quality of Swedish patient information websites about congenital heart defects, from the perspectives of individuals with experience of a prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart defect in the fetus...
September 12, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899366/effects-of-physical-activity-calorie-expenditure-pace-labeling-study-design-and-baseline-sample-characteristics
#12
Anthony J Viera, Laura Tuttle, Emily Olsson, Julie Gras-Najjar, Ziya Gizlice, Derek Hales, Laura Linnan, Feng-Chang Lin, Seth M Noar, Alice Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Obesity and physical inactivity are responsible for more than 365,000 deaths per year and contribute substantially to rising healthcare costs in the US, making clear the need for effective public health interventions. Calorie labeling on menus has been implemented to guide consumer ordering behaviors, but effects on calories purchased has been minimal. METHODS: In this project, we tested the effect of physical activity calorie expenditure (PACE) food labels on actual point-of-decision food purchasing behavior as well as physical activity...
September 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898716/celebrity-over-science-an-analysis-of-lyme-disease-video-content-on-youtube
#13
N Yiannakoulias, R Tooby, S L Sturrock
Lyme disease has been a subject of medical controversy for several decades. In this study we looked at the availability and type of content represented in a (n = 700) selection of YouTube videos on the subject of Lyme disease. We classified video content into a small number of content areas, and studied the relationship between these content areas and 1) video views and 2) video likeability. We found very little content uploaded by government or academic institutions; the vast majority of content was uploaded by independent users...
September 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895220/consumers-response-to-an-on-shelf-nutrition-labelling-system-in-supermarkets-evidence-to-inform-policy-and-practice
#14
Erin Hobin, Bryan Bollinger, Jocelyn Sacco, Eli Liebman, Lana Vanderlee, Fei Zuo, Laura Rosella, Mary L'abbe, Heather Manson, David Hammond
Policy Points: On-shelf nutrition labelling systems in supermarkets, such as the Guiding Stars system, are intended to provide consumers with simple, standardized nutrition information to support more informed and healthier food choices. Policies that support the provision of simplified nutrition labelling systems may encourage consumers to make positive shifts in food-purchasing behaviors. The shifts in consumer food-purchasing patterns observed in our study after the introduction of the Guiding Stars system in supermarkets translated into measurable nutritional benefits, including more items purchased with slightly less trans fat and sugar and more fiber and omega-3 fatty acids...
September 2017: Milbank Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895125/governance-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#15
REVIEW
Cristian A Herrera, Simon Lewin, Elizabeth Paulsen, Agustín Ciapponi, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Governance arrangements include changes in rules or processes that determine authority and accountability for health policies, organisations, commercial products and health professionals, as well as the involvement of stakeholders in decision-making. Changes in governance arrangements can affect health and related goals in numerous ways, generally through changes in authority, accountability, openness, participation and coherence. A broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers, their technical support staff and other stakeholders to identify strategies for addressing problems and improving the governance of their health systems...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893291/preference-for-cesarean-section-in-young-nulligravid-women-in-eight-oecd-countries-and-implications-for-reproductive-health-education
#16
Kathrin H Stoll, Yvonne L Hauck, Soo Downe, Deborah Payne, Wendy A Hall
BACKGROUND: Efforts to reduce unnecessary Cesarean sections (CS) in high and middle income countries have focused on changing hospital cultures and policies, care provider attitudes and behaviors, and increasing women's knowledge about the benefits of vaginal birth. These strategies have been largely ineffective. Despite evidence that women have well-developed preferences for mode of delivery prior to conceiving their first child, few studies and no interventions have targeted the next generation of maternity care consumers...
September 12, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892931/effect-of-environmental-intervention-on-the-consumption-of-rice-without-toxic-metals-based-on-the-health-belief-model-and-ecological-social-model
#17
Leili Shafiei, Parvaneh Taymoori, Afshin Maleki, Bijan Nouri
INTRODUCTION: The effect of instructional models on the changing behaviour of consuming contaminated rice with toxic metals has not been investigated in Iran yet. AIM: To compare effect of Health Belief Model (HBM) and Ecological (ECO) social model on decreasing the consumption of rice contaminated with toxic metals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study aimed at implementing a six-month interventionist program among three groups (HBM, ECO and Control)...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888445/eating-flowers-exploring-attitudes-and-consumers-representation-of-edible-flowers
#18
H Rodrigues, D P Cielo, C Goméz-Corona, A A S Silveira, T A Marchesan, M V Galmarini, N S P S Richards
Edible flowers have gained more attention in recent years thanks to their perceived health benefits. Despite this attention, it seems that edible flowers are not popularized for consumption in South America, being considered unfamiliar for some cultures from this continent. In this context, the general goal of the present study was to investigate the three dimensions of social representation theory, the representational field, the information and the attitude of the two conditions of edible flowers: a more general "food made with flowers" and more directional product "yoghurt made with flowers", using Brazilian consumers...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886396/alcohol-and-depression-evidence-from-the-2014-health-survey-for-england
#19
S Awaworyi Churchill, L Farrell
BACKGROUND: A relatively large body of literature examines the association between depression and alcohol consumption, with evidence suggesting a bidirectional causal relationship. However, the endogeneity arising from this reverse causation has not been addressed in the literature. METHODS: Using data on 5828 respondents from the Health Survey for England (HSE), this study revisits the relationship between alcohol and depression and addresses the endogenous nature of this relationship...
September 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885929/the-relationship-between-emerging-adult-alcohol-consumption-and-military-enlistment
#20
Mojtaba Shirvani, Mark B Reed, Sarah Clingan
BACKGROUND: The use and abuse of alcohol among active duty personnel is well documented in the research literature. Over the last decade rates of heavy and excessive drinking within the military have increased significantly, coinciding with both Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. The heavy use of alcohol by military personnel can be attributed to multiple factors such as the psychosocial and environmental stressors of military life and is frequently linked to mental health issues, the transient nature of the armed forces, the number and length of deployments, and exposure to life-threatening situations in combat environments...
September 2017: Military Medicine
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