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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634519/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-heart-failure-in-the-usa-nhanes-2013-2014-epidemiological-follow-up-study
#1
Saketram Komanduri, Yogesh Jadhao, Sai S Guduru, Pramil Cheriyath, Yijin Wert
Background: Heart Failure (HF) is a progressive epidemic associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Self-reported data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) provides a unique representation of individuals suffering from HF. The purpose of this study is to analyze updated NHANES 2013-2014 data to identify any changes in the prevalence and current risk factors of HF, especially given the novel lifestyles and increased medical awareness of current generations. Methods: NHANES uses a multistage probability sampling design under the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633509/a-qualitative-study-exploring-awareness-and-attitudes-towards-tuberculosis-in-migrant-populations-in-a-metropolitan-district-council-in-the-north-of-england
#2
C E Humphreys, A Lee, C Offer, R Spencer-Henshall, E Okereke
Background: The majority of tuberculosis (TB) cases in the UK occur among people born in high-burden countries (73%), and are concentrated in large urban centres. This study explores migrants' attitudes and beliefs towards TB in an English District where the incidence is higher than the UK average. Methods: Community engagement workers ran 26 focus groups using a standardized questionnaire. Purposeful sampling was used to obtain a cross-section of migrant communities...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632897/delving-within-the-new-science-of-the-unconscious
#3
Steve Paulson, Heather A Berlin, Efrat Ginot, George Makari
What exactly is the relationship between conscious awareness and the unconscious mind? How, for example, does the brain classify and sort its different functions into conscious or unconscious processes? How has the history of human conceptualizations about the unconscious influenced current theories? Steve Paulson, executive producer of To the Best of Our Knowledge, moderated a discussion among neuroscientist Heather Berlin, psychologist Efrat Ginot, and psychiatrist George Makari to shed light on the history of the mind and the latest insights into the still emerging science of the unconscious...
June 20, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632597/leadership-communication-and-negotiation-across-a-diverse-workforce-an-aoa-critical-issues-symposium
#4
Denis R Clohisy, Michael J Yaszemski, Joanne Lipman
The current workforce in the United States is rapidly changing and is increasingly inclusive of individuals from a broad range of ages, ethnicities, and cultural backgrounds. Engaging and leading a diverse workforce creates great opportunities for innovation and adaptation in our evolving medical economic and clinical care delivery environment. For optimal engagement of employees and partners, orthopaedic surgeons must develop the necessary skills for executing change inside complex organizations and across teams composed of a variety of providers and skilled workers...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631740/radiotherapy-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-renaissance-of-an-overlooked-approach
#5
REVIEW
Shankar Siva, Gargi Kothari, Alexander Muacevic, Alexander V Louie, Ben J Slotman, Bin S Teh, Simon S Lo
Conventional radiotherapy previously had a limited role in the definitive treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), owing to the disappointing outcomes of several trials and the perceived radioresistance of this type of cancer. In this context, radiotherapy has been relegated largely to the palliation of symptoms in patients with metastatic disease, with variable rates of response. Following the availability of newer technologies that enable safe delivery of high-dose radiotherapy, stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) has become increasingly used in patients with RCC...
June 20, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631346/historically-informed-nursing-a-transnational-case-study-in-china
#6
Jun Lu, Sonya Grypma, Yingjuan Cao, Lijuan Bu, Lin Shen, Patricia M Davidson
The term 'nurse' (hushi-'caring scholar') did not enter the Chinese language until the early 20th century. Modern nursing-a fundamentally Western notion popularized by Nightingale and introduced to China in 1884-profoundly changed the way care of the sick was practiced. For 65 years, until 1949, nursing developed in China as a transnational project, with Western and Chinese influences shaping the profession of nursing in ways that linger today. Co-authored by Chinese, Canadian, and American nurses, this paper examines the early stages of nursing in one province of China as an exemplar of the transnational nature of nursing development...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631148/early-postoperative-imaging-after-non-bariatric-gastric-resection-a-primer-for-radiologists
#7
REVIEW
Massimo Tonolini, Elena Bracchi
Surgical resection represents the mainstay treatment and only potentially curative option for gastric carcinoma, and is increasingly performed laparoscopically. Furthermore, other tumours and selected cases of non-malignant disorders of the stomach may require partial or total gastrectomy. Often performed in elderly patients, gastric resection remains a challenging procedure, with significant morbidity (14-43% complication rate) and non-negligible postoperative mortality (approximately 3%). This paper provides an overview of contemporary surgical techniques for non-bariatric gastric resection, reviews and illustrates the expected postoperative imaging appearances, common and unusual complications after partial and total gastrectomy...
June 19, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630806/prevalence-and-barriers-to-lung-cancer-screening-in-karachi-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-smokers-and-physicians
#8
Aleeza Abbasi, Rabbia Siddiqi, Aatika Owais, Tooba Laeeq, Sara N Ali, Zonaira Mushahid, Syed M Ahsan, Aliya S Jatoi, Aleena Abbasi, Ifrah Butt, Ruba Ali, Maham Abbasi, Syeda Naintara N Jaffri, Mariam Jabir, Hajra Khanani, Kaneez Fatima
BACKGROUND: Early detection of lung cancer using low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) can potentially reduce morbidity and mortality. However, LDCT for lung cancer screening, especially in low income countries, has been underutilized. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and the potential personal, social, and economic barriers of lung cancer screening using LDCT. METHODS: A total sample of 156 smokers and 200 general physicians was collected during December 2016-February 2017 from community settings in Karachi, Pakistan...
May 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629370/pharmacogenetic-testing-through-the-direct-to-consumer-genetic-testing-company-23andme
#9
Mengfei Lu, Cathryn M Lewis, Matthew Traylor
BACKGROUND: Rapid advances in scientific research have led to an increase in public awareness of genetic testing and pharmacogenetics. Direct-to-consumer (DTC) genetic testing companies, such as 23andMe, allow consumers to access their genetic information directly through an online service without the involvement of healthcare professionals. Here, we evaluate the clinical relevance of pharmacogenetic tests reported by 23andMe in their UK tests. METHODS: The research papers listed under each 23andMe report were evaluated, extracting information on effect size, sample size and ethnicity...
June 19, 2017: BMC Medical Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629232/latent-profile-analysis-of-the-five-facet-mindfulness-questionnaire-in-a-sample-with-a-history-of-recurrent-depression
#10
Jenny Gu, Anke Karl, Ruth Baer, Clara Strauss, Thorsten Barnhofer, Catherine Crane
BACKGROUND: Extending previous research, we applied latent profile analysis in a sample of adults with a history of recurrent depression to identify subgroups with distinct response profiles on the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and understand how these relate to psychological functioning. METHOD: The sample was randomly divided into two subsamples to first examine the optimal number of latent profiles (test sample; n = 343) and then validate the identified solution (validation sample; n = 340)...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629138/alcohol-warnings-and-moderate-drinking-patterns-among-italian-university-students-an-exploratory-study
#11
Azzurra Annunziata, Riccardo Vecchio, Angela Mariani
The introduction of health warnings on labels to correct externalities associated with alcohol consumption is heavily debated and has been explored from different perspectives. The current paper aims to analyse the interest and attitudes of Italian university students regarding health warnings on alcoholic beverages and to verify the existence of segments that differ in terms of attitudes towards such warnings. Our results show that young consumers consider health warnings quite important, although the degree of perceived utility differs in relation to the type of warning...
June 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628185/epidemiology-and-prevention-of-influenza-in-children-in-argentina-and-brazil
#12
(no author information available yet)
A group of influenza experts from Argentina and Brazil got together to discuss the burden of influenza in children, review current vaccine coverage rates in both countries, analyze vaccine effectiveness, and discuss strategies to improve prevention. Active surveillance of respiratory viruses is carried out nationwide in both countries. Years 2014 and 2015 were mild influenza seasons; influenza virus type A/H3N2 prevailed, whereas type B represented less than 30% of isolates. Trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine is included in National Immunization Programs for 1) children 6 months to 2 years old in Argentina; 2) children 6 months to 5 years old in Brazil; and 3) all high-risk individuals...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628146/-influence-of-awareness-on-the-behaviors-of-chinese-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus
#13
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of awareness on the behaviors of Chinese adults with diabetes mellitus, so as to provide scientific evidence for developing relevant policies and strategies in the prevention and control of diabetes. METHODS: Data from the 2013 China Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance were used, covering 297 surveillance counties (districts). The variables involved in this cross-sectional study included: the prevalence of diabetes, the awareness situation, demographic characteristics, behaviors, and other information...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627058/survey-nutrition-body-condition-and-activities-of-dogs-in-switzerland
#14
K Gerstner, A Liesegang
Interest in species-appropriate activities and nutrition of dogs increases. A huge variety of feedstuff available, myths and different feeding theories confuse dog owners and lead to inadequate nutrition of their pets. As one result, obesity in pets can be observed with a high incidence in veterinary practice. Although comorbidities of obesity are well known, only few pet owners realize consequently the necessity of weight reduction to support their pet's health. We hypothesized that pet owners in Switzerland underestimate body condition of their dogs and are unsure about how to manage nutritional challenges...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626773/hla-epitopes-the-targets-of-monoclonal-and-alloantibodies-defined
#15
REVIEW
Nadim El-Awar, Vadim Jucaud, Anh Nguyen
Sensitization to human leukocyte antigens (HLA) in organ transplant patients causes graft rejection, according to the humoral theory of transplantation. Sensitization is almost ubiquitous as anti-HLA antibodies are found in almost all sera of transplant recipients. Advances in testing assays and amino acid sequencing of HLA along with computer software contributed further to the understanding of antibody-antigen reactivity. It is commonly understood that antibodies bind to HLA antigens. With current knowledge of epitopes, it is more accurate to describe that antibodies bind to their target epitopes on the surface of HLA molecular chains...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625288/no-96-the-reproductive-care-of-women-living-with-hepatitis-c-infection
#16
Marc Boucher, Andrée Gruslin
OBJECTIVE: hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an increasingly important public health problem worldwide. Health care workers providing care to women of childbearing age are uniquely placed in their practices to identify a significant proportion of at-risk patients and to provide appropriate screening and counselling. The primary objective of this guideline is to provide accurate, current information to those offering reproductive care to women living with HCV. This document is also intended to raise awareness of HCV in both the medical and general populations...
July 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623627/clozapine-induced-gastrointestinal-hypomotility-a-22-year-bi-national-pharmacovigilance-study-of-serious-or-fatal-slow-gut-reactions-and-comparison-with-international-drug-safety-advice
#17
Susanna Every-Palmer, Pete M Ellis
INTRODUCTION: Clozapine is the preferred antipsychotic for treatment-resistant schizophrenia, but has significant adverse effects, including gastrointestinal hypomotility or 'slow gut', which may result in severe constipation, ileus, bowel obstruction, and even death. These gastrointestinal effects remain inadequately recognized. METHODS: We reviewed all reports of serious clozapine-induced gastrointestinal hypomotility (CIGH) submitted to the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration and New Zealand Pharmacovigilance Centre between 1992 and 2013...
June 16, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623375/skin-immunity
#18
REVIEW
Agata Matejuk
Skin is the largest organ of the body with a complex network of multitude of cell types that perform plastic and dynamic cellular communication to maintain several vital processes such as inflammation, immune response including induction of tolerance and disease prevention, wound healing, and angiogenesis. Of paramount importance are immunological functions of the skin that protect from harmful exposure coming from external and internal environments. Awareness of skin immunity can provide a better comprehension of inflammation, autoimmunity, cancer, graft-versus-host disease, vaccination, and immunotherapy approaches...
June 16, 2017: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622019/patient-perceptions-of-illness-identity-in-cancer-clinical-trial-decision-making
#19
Angela L Palmer-Wackerly, Phokeng M Dailey, Jessica L Krok-Schoen, Nancy D Rhodes, Janice L Krieger
When patients are diagnosed with cancer, they begin to negotiate their illness identity in relation to their past and future selves, their relationships, and their group memberships. Thus, how patients view their cancer in relation to their other identities may affect how and why they make particular decisions about treatment options. Using the Communication Theory of Identity (CTI), the current study explores: (1) how and why illness identity is framed across identity layers in relation to one particular cancer treatment: participation in a cancer clinical trial (CT); and (2) how and why patients experience identity conflicts while making their treatment decisions...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620860/currently-used-organophosphate-and-brominated-flame-retardants-in-the-environment-of-china-and-other-developing-countries-2000-2016
#20
Nadeem Ali, Khurram Shahzad, Muhammad Imtiaz Rashid, Heqing Shen, Iqbal Mohammad Ibrahim Ismail, Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah Eqani
This review summarizes the environmental occurrence of new brominated flame retardants (NBFRs) and organophosphate compounds (OPs) in the environment of developing countries since 2000. The ban on the production and use of commercial formulations of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have paved the way for the high use of NBFRs and OPs in consumer products to fulfill the fire safety regulations. Recent studies have shown that the ever increasing production volumes and extensive use of these chemicals as additive FRs and plasticizers have resulted into their ubiquitous occurrence in all environmental compartments...
June 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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