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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096794/tobacco-use-patterns-knowledge-attitudes-towards-tobacco-and-availability-of-tobacco-control-training-among-school-personnel-from-a-rural-area-in-poland
#1
Dorota Kaleta, Kinga Polańska, Adam Rzeźnicki, Włodzimierz Stelmach, Piotr Wojtysiak
BACKGROUND: Tobacco-free school environment as well as non-smoking teachers and school personnel provide positive role models for children and young people. In Poland, smoking should be banned in colleges, schools, educational establishments and educational care facilities. However, for the existing law to be effective, awareness of all people in school curriculum and enforcement of the law are crucial. The aim of the study was to evaluate tobacco use patterns, knowledge and attitudes towards tobacco as well as availability of tobacco control training among school personnel in a rural area in Poland...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096199/trends-in-radiation-therapy-among-cancer-survivors-in-the-united-states-2000-2030
#2
Alex K Bryant, Matthew Banegas, Maria E Martinez, Loren K Mell, James D Murphy
BACKGROUND: Although the number of cancer survivors has increased substantially over the past several decades, the composition of survivors treated with radiotherapy is not well defined. Radiotherapy carries unique long-term toxicity risks for cancer survivors. This study describes the current estimates and future projections of the epidemiology of five-year cancer survivors who receive radiation therapy. METHODS: We used cancer incidence and survival data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End-Results (SEER) database linked to US Census data to estimate the number of five-year cancer survivors treated with radiation between 2000 and 2030...
January 17, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095583/is-it-my-job-the-role-of-rns-in-the-assessment-and-identification-of-delirium-in-hospitalized-older-adults-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#3
Miriam Anne Coyle, Pippa Burns, Victoria Traynor
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS XX contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095535/a-systematic-review-of-paradoxical-adipose-hyperplasia-pah-post-cryolipolysis
#4
Derek Ho, Jared Jagdeo
BACKGROUND: Body sculpting, or body contouring, is among the fastest growing areas in cosmetic dermatology. Cryolipolysis, or "fat freezing," was FDA-cleared (CoolSculpting System, ZELTIQ Aesthetics, Pleasanton, CA) initially in 2010 for fat removal of the anks, and subsequently received FDA-clearance for other anatomical locations. Over the past several years, there have been increasing published reports and physician discussion regarding paradoxical adipose hyperplasia (PAH) post-cryolipolysis, previously identified as a "rare" adverse effect...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095258/the-safety-of-treatment-options-available-for-gout
#5
Naomi Schlesinger
Gout is the most common inflammatory arthritis in humans. Gout treatment includes rapid initiation of anti-inflammatory medications for acute attacks and chronically treating with urate lowering drugs as well as chronic anti-inflammatory prophylaxis. Areas covered: This review aims to provide an overview and discussion of the safety concerns of current treatment options available for gout. Expert opinion: Gout is a curable disease with appropriate treatment. The advent of new therapies provides encouraging opportunities to improve gout management...
January 17, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094908/improving-utilization-of-the-family-history-in-the-electronic-health-record
#6
Kathleen T Hickey, Maria C Katapodi, Bernice Coleman, Karin Reuter-Rice, Angela R Starkweather
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of Family History in the Electronic Health Record and to identify opportunities to advance the contributions of nurses in obtaining, updating and assessing family history in order to improve the health of all individuals and populations. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: The article presents an overview of the obstacles to charting Family History within the Electronic Health Record and recommendations for using specific Family History tools and core Family History data sets...
January 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093837/effects-of-simulation-education-on-oral-care-practices%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Miia M Jansson, Hannu P Syrjälä, Pasi P Ohtonen, Merja H Meriläinen, Helvi A Kyngäs, Tero I Ala-Kokko
BACKGROUND: Implementation of evidence-based oral care protocols, nurse education programmes and assessment tools may reduce the risk of developing ventilator-associated pneumonia by increasing critical care nurses' knowledge and skills in adhering to current oral care recommendations. AIMS: To evaluate the longitudinal effects of single-dose simulation education with structured debriefing and verbal feedback on critical care nurses' knowledge and skills in adhering to current oral care recommendations...
January 16, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093095/pregnant-women-s-awareness-of-social-capital-in-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-affected-areas-of-miyagi-prefecture-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study
#8
Hidekazu Nishigori, Toshie Nishigori, Kasumi Sakurai, Satoshi Mizuno, Taku Obara, Hirohito Metoki, Zen Watanabe, Noriyuki Iwama, Mami Ishikuro, Nozomi Tatsuta, Ichiko Nishijima, Junichi Sugawara, Shinichi Kuriyama, Ikuma Fujiwara, Takahiro Arima, Kunihiko Nakai, Fumiaki Takahashi, Nobuo Yaegashi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to clarify the correlation between the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and pregnant women's awareness of social capital 3 to 9 months after the tsunami disaster. METHODS: We analyzed data on responses to a questionnaire by 7451 pregnant women in their second to third trimesters. The proportions of social capital-related items were calculated in the north and south coastal areas of Miyagi Prefecture and were compared with national samples. The factors associated with social capital were estimated by use of multivariate logistic regression analyses...
January 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092715/-family-a-challenge-for-the-future-of-our-earth
#9
Gilberto A Gamboa-Bernal
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights recognizes the family as the basic cell of society, highlighting its importance, the need to protect it, to promote it as a natural and fundamental group unit of society. To reflect on the effects that the actual culture is in the family is important from the situation as it is now presented, then move to raise the changes seen necessary to ensure their own future and that of their habitat that is Earth. To accomplish this first task some study results World Family Map 2015 is glossed...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091859/cancer-genetic-counselors-current-practices-and-attitudes-related-to-the-use-of-tumor-profiling
#10
LeAnne Noelle Goedde, Nathan W Stupiansky, Melissa Lah, Kimberly A Quaid, Stephanie Cohen
Tumor profiling (TP) is primarily used to identify driver mutations within a tumor for treatment purposes, but it may also identify germline mutations. Current involvement of cancer genetic counselors (GCs) in the TP process is not clear. Members of the National Society of Genetic Counselors Cancer Special Interest Group were invited to participate in a confidential, web-based survey to characterize current practices and attitudes related to the use of TP. Of 105 useable responses, 86.7% of GCs reported their institutions were using TP, although only 6...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089174/neonatal-acute-kidney-injury-severity-and-recovery-prediction-and-the-role-of-serum-and-urinary-biomarkers
#11
Deirdre U Sweetman
Neonatal acute kidney injury is common, in part due to incomplete renal maturation and also due to frequent exposure to risk factors for acute kidney injury such as perinatal asphyxia, extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation, cardiac surgery, sepsis, prematurity and nephrotoxicity. However the current method by which acute kidney injury is diagnosed is sub-optimal and not universally accepted which impairs the accurate estimation of the true incidence of neonatal acute kidney injury. Serum Cystatin-C, urinary NGAL, KIM-1 and IL-18 are promising neonatal acute kidney injury biomarkers however the diagnosis of acute kidney injury remains serum creatinine/urine output-based in many studies...
January 11, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088374/fibrinogen-in-traumatic-haemorrhage-a-narrative-review
#12
REVIEW
James Winearls, Don Campbell, Catherine Hurn, Jeremy Furyk, Glenn Ryan, Melita Trout, James Walsham, Anthony Holley, Megan Suttleworth, Wayne Dyer, Gerben Keijzers, Jeff Presneill, John F Fraser, Martin Wullschleger
Haemorrhage in the setting of severe trauma is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. There is increasing awareness of the important role fibrinogen plays in traumatic haemorrhage. Fibrinogen levels fall precipitously in severe trauma and the resultant hypofibrinogenaemia is associated with poor outcomes. Hence, it has been postulated that early fibrinogen replacement in severe traumatic haemorrhage may improve outcomes, although, to date there is a paucity of high quality evidence to support this hypothesis...
December 26, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081303/the-novel-fusion-transcript-nr5a2-klhl29ft-is-generated-by-an-insertion-at-the-klhl29-locus
#13
Zhenguo Sun, Xiquan Ke, Steven L Salzberg, Daehwan Kim, Valentin Antonescu, Yulan Cheng, Binbin Huang, Jee Hoon Song, John M Abraham, Sariat Ibrahim, Hui Tian, Stephen J Meltzer
BACKGROUND: Novel fusion transcripts (FTs) caused by chromosomal rearrangement are common factors in the development of cancers. In the current study, the authors used massively parallel RNA sequencing to identify new FTs in colon cancers. METHODS: RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) and TopHat-Fusion were used to identify new FTs in colon cancers. The authors then investigated whether the novel FT nuclear receptor subfamily 5, group A, member 2 (NR5A2)-Kelch-like family member 29 FT (KLHL29FT) was transcribed from a genomic chromosomal rearrangement...
January 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079004/foodborne-giardiasis-is-there-any-relationship-between-food-handlers-and-transmission-of-giardia-duodenalis
#14
Molouk Beiromvand, Ehsanallah Mirrezaie, Somayeh Mirzavand
BACKGROUND: The foodborne diseases are the main causes of morbidity and mortality in the human communities. Giardia duodenalis, the causative agent of giardiasis, is one of the foodborne parasites, which has public health importance. The aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence of G. duodenalis among food handlers in Andimeshk County, southwest of Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was undertaken among 480 food handlers in 2015...
January 10, 2017: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075699/outcome-and-impact-evaluation-of-a-transgender-health-course-for-health-profession-students
#15
Hannan M Braun, Ilana R Garcia-Grossman, Andrea Quiñones-Rivera, Madeline B Deutsch
PURPOSE: Being transgender is associated with numerous health disparities, and transgender individuals face mistreatment and discrimination in healthcare settings. At the same time, healthcare professionals report inadequate preparation to care for transgender people, and patients often have to teach their own medical providers about transgender care. Our study aimed to evaluate the impact of an elective course for health profession students in transgender health that was implemented to address these gaps in provider knowledge...
January 11, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075417/enriching-mental-health-mobile-assessment-and-intervention-with-situation-awareness
#16
Ariel Soares Teles, Artur Rocha, Francisco José da Silva E Silva, João Correia Lopes, Donal O'Sullivan, Pepijn Van de Ven, Markus Endler
Current mobile devices allow the execution of sophisticated applications with the capacity for identifying the user situation, which can be helpful in treatments of mental disorders. In this paper, we present SituMan, a solution that provides situation awareness to MoodBuster, an ecological momentary assessment and intervention mobile application used to request self-assessments from patients in depression treatments. SituMan has a fuzzy inference engine to identify patient situations using context data gathered from the sensors embedded in mobile devices...
January 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075157/visual-occlusion-during-minimally-invasive-surgery-a-contemporary-review-of-methods-to-reduce-laparoscopic-and-robotic-lens-fogging-and-other-sources-of-optical-loss
#17
Todd Galvin Manning, Marlon Perera, Daniel Christidis, Ned Kinnear, Shannon McGrath, Richard O'Beirne, Paul Zotov, Damien M Bolton, Nathan Lawrentschuk
Background Maintenance of optimal vision during minimally invasive surgery is crucial to maintaining operative awareness, efficiency and safety. Hampered vision is commonly caused by laparoscopic lens fogging (LLF) which has prompted the development of various anti-fogging fluids and warming devices. However, limited comparative evidence exists in contemporary literature. Despite technological advancements there remains no consensus as to superior methods to prevent LLF or restore visual acuity once LLF has occurred...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074763/-dysfunctional-breathing-in-patients-with-asthma
#18
Karen Hjerrild Andreasson, Søren T Skou, Celeste Porsbjerg, Sandra Veidal, Uffe Bødtger
Dysfunctional breathing (DB) is a common comorbidity in adults with incomplete asthma control. The few available large-scale, randomized studies suggest efficacy of physiotherapy on symptom burden. In this article we discuss the current evidence including the need for systematic description of physiotherapeutic interventions. We also describe how access to physiotherapy service for DB (with or without asthma) is highly heterogeneous in Denmark, and that there is a need for increasing awareness of physiotherapy implementation for and research in DB (with or without concomitant asthma)...
January 9, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073552/ciguatera-fish-poisoning-incidence-health-costs-and-risk-perception-on-moorea-island-society-archipelago-french-polynesia
#19
Ewen Morin, Clémence Gatti, Tamatoa Bambridge, Mireille Chinain
Ciguatera Fish Poisoning (CFP) is a non-bacterial seafood poisoning well characterized in the remote archipelagos of French Polynesia, yet poorly documented in the Society archipelago, most notably on Moorea, the second most populated island in French Polynesia, which counts a high proportion of fishermen fishing on a regular basis. To address this knowledge gap, a holistic study of the ciguatera issue was conducted on Moorea. First, ciguatera risk was analysed in terms of incidence rate, fish species most commonly involved and risk stratification in Moorea lagoon based on 2007-2013 epidemiological data...
December 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072858/proton-pump-inhibitors-do-not-reduce-the-risk-of-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-in-patients-with-barrett-s-esophagus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Qiang Hu, Tian-Tian Sun, Jie Hong, Jing-Yuan Fang, Hua Xiong, Stephen J Meltzer
OBJECTIVES: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been used for treatment of Barrett's esophagus (BE) for many years. However, the connection between PPIs and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) in patients with BE has still been controversial. The current systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to evaluate the association between PPIs and the risk of EAC or high-grade dysplasia (HGD) in patients with BE. METHODS: A systematic literature search of studies reporting the association between PPIs and the risk of EAC and/or HGD in patients with BE was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library...
2017: PloS One
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