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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777733/food-allergy-guidance-in-the-united-states-military-a-work-group-report-from-the-aaaai-military-allergy-and-immunology-assembly-maia
#1
Kirk Waibel, Rachel Lee, Christopher Coop, Yun Mendoza, Kevin White
A diagnosis of food allergy adversely impacts one's ability to join or remain in the military. Inadequate knowledge or misconceptions of current military-specific standards regarding food allergy and how these apply to enlistment, induction, and retention in the United States military can potentially lead to inaccurate counseling as each military service has specific regulations which impact the evaluation and decision-making process. Recognizing this knowledge gap, the American Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (AAAAI) Military Allergy and Immunology Assembly (MAIA) established a Work Group who reviewed and summarized all aspects of military instructions, policies, and regulations regarding IgE mediated food allergy...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777357/optimizing-the-image-of-fluorescence-cholangiography-using-icg-a-systematic-review-and-ex-vivo-experiments
#2
Jacqueline van den Bos, Fokko P Wieringa, Nicole D Bouvy, Laurents P S Stassen
BACKGROUND: Though often only briefly described in the literature, there are clearly factors that have an influence on the fluorescence intensity, and thereby the usefulness of the technique. This article aims to provide an overview of the factors influencing the fluorescence intensity of fluorescence imaging with Indocyanine green, primarily focussed on NIRF guided cholangiography. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted to gain an overview of currently used methods in NIRF imaging in laparoscopic cholecystectomies...
May 18, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776517/fatally-injured-pedestrians-and-bicyclists-in-the-united-states-with-high-blood-alcohol-concentrations
#3
Angela H Eichelberger, Anne T McCartt, Jessica B Cicchino
INTRODUCTION: Little research has focused on the problem of alcohol impairment among pedestrians and bicyclists in the United States. The aim of the current study was to investigate the prevalence, trends, and characteristics of alcohol-impaired fatally injured pedestrians and bicyclists. METHOD: Data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) were analyzed for fatally injured passenger vehicle drivers, pedestrians, and bicyclists 16 and older during 1982-2014...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774260/can-the-uk-s-birth-registration-system-better-serve-the-interests-of-those-born-following-collaborative-assisted-reproduction
#4
Marilyn A Crawshaw, Eric D Blyth, Julia Feast
Current birth registration systems fail to serve adequately the interests of those born as a result of gamete and embryo donation and surrogacy. In the UK, changes to the birth registration system have been piecemeal, reactive and situation-specific and no information is recorded about gamete donors. Birth registration has thereby become a statement of legal parentage and citizenship only, without debate as to whether it should serve any wider functions. This sits uneasily with the increasingly accepted human right to know one's genetic and gestational as well as legal parents, and the duty of the State to facilitate that right...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774162/a-large-proportion-of-fecal-immunochemical-test-positive-participants-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-is-symptomatic
#5
Clasine M de Klerk, Manon van der Vlugt, Patrick M Bossuyt, Evelien Dekker
Background: Symptomatic invitees are advised not to participate in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening but to directly consult their general practitioner (GP), because fecal immunochemical test (FIT) sensitivity for cancer is not optimal. This recommendation may not always be followed in daily practice. We evaluated how many FIT-positive participants had CRC-related symptoms and whether the presence of symptoms was associated with the presence and location of CRC/advanced neoplasia. Methods: We prospectively collected data on CRC-related symptoms in all FIT-positive participants in the Dutch CRC screening program, referred to our endoscopy centers between 2014 and 2016, and evaluated whether symptoms were associated with detected CRC/advanced neoplasia at colonoscopy...
April 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773529/development-of-a-just-in-time-adaptive-mhealth-intervention-for-insomnia-usability-study
#6
I Wayan Pulantara, Bambang Parmanto, Anne Germain
BACKGROUND: Healthy sleep is a fundamental component of physical and brain health. Insomnia, however, is a prevalent sleep disorder that compromises functioning, productivity, and health. Therefore, developing efficient treatment delivery methods for insomnia can have significant societal and personal health impacts. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) is the recommended first-line treatment of insomnia but access is currently limited for patients, since treatment must occur in specialty sleep clinics, which suffer from an insufficient number of trained clinicians...
May 17, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772759/human-babesiosis-caused-by-babesia-duncani-has-widespread-distribution-across-canada
#7
John D Scott, Catherine M Scott
Human babesiosis caused by Babesia duncani is an emerging infectious disease in Canada. This malaria-like illness is brought about by a protozoan parasite infecting red blood cells. Currently, controversy surrounds which tick species are vectors of B. duncani. Since the availability of a serological or molecular test in Canada for B. duncani has been limited, we conducted a seven-year surveillance study (2011⁻2017) to ascertain the occurrence and geographic distribution of B. duncani infection country-wide...
May 17, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772379/the-segmentation-of-the-human-brain-a-message-to-the-neuroimaging-community-from-an-adjacent-domain-of-the-neurosciences
#8
Rudolf Nieuwenhuys
Morphological and genoarchitectonic studies have conclusively shown that the human brain (and that of all vertebrates) is segmented i. e. is fundamentally composed of a number of rostrocaudally arranged brain segments or neuromeres. However in the current neuroimaging literature the term segmentation, derived initially from computer graphics technology, is used instead to indicate the neuroanatomical parcellation or subdivision of neural structures in the fully formed brain, especially the cortex. The neuroimaging community should be aware of the prior use of this term in the parallel discipline of neuroembryology, and should use a different one e...
May 14, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771208/healthcare-managers-perceptions-of-managing-poor-performance
#9
Melanie Hill, Heather Gluyas, Martinique Sandy, Andrew Wingate
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand the perceptions and experiences of healthcare managers working within a community and ambulatory health service who manage poorly performing staff and, to identify the supports, and gaps in supports, that are available to these managers. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected via two focus groups using a semi-structured schedule. The data were transcribed, themed and conclusions summarised. Findings On analysis of the discussion of the line managers' experiences and perceptions of competence, six themes were identified, five themes common to both groups...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771204/past-present-and-future-challenges-in-health-care-priority-setting
#10
William Hall, Iestyn Williams, Neale Smith, Marthe Gold, Joanna Coast, Lydia Kapiriri, M Danis, Craig Mitton
Purpose Current conditions have intensified the need for health systems to engage in the difficult task of priority setting. As the search for a "magic bullet" is replaced by an appreciation for the interplay between evidence, interests, culture, and outcomes, progress in relation to these dimensions requires assessment of achievements to date and identification of areas where knowledge and practice require attention most urgently. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach An international survey was administered to experts in the area of priority setting...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770106/perceptions-about-authentic-leadership-development-south-african-occupational-therapy-students-camp-experience
#11
Fatima Hendricks, Susan Toth-Cohen
Background: Twenty-three years into democracy, concern is deepening regarding the slow progress of Occupational Therapy (OT) in South Africa, especially with regard to diversity and inclusion within OT. Methods: This study explores authentic leadership development primarily among Black OT students attending a pilot Occupational Therapy Association of South Africa (OTASA) National Student Leadership Camp. It seeks to ascertain their perceptions on leadership and leadership development...
2018: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770094/travel-related-zika-virus-cases-in-canada-october-2015-june-2017
#12
J Tataryn, L Vrbova, M Drebot, H Wood, E Payne, S Connors, J Geduld, M German, K Khan, P A Buck
Background: Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging mosquito-borne disease that can cause severe birth defects if contracted congenitally. Since late 2015, there has been a large increase in the number of travel-related cases of Zika virus infection in Canada. Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiology of travel-related Zika cases in Canada from October 2015 to June 2017 and review them in the context of the international outbreak in the Americas...
January 4, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770048/synopsis-lyme-disease-in-canada-a-federal-framework
#13
(no author information available yet)
The Federal Framework on Lyme Disease Act required the federal government to develop a Federal Framework on Lyme Disease. To do this, the Public Health Agency of Canada held a conference with a wide variety of stakeholders who shared their experiences with Lyme disease, and discussed current knowledge and research. A draft version of the Framework was publicly posted on Canada.ca for a 30-day public consultation period. The final report, Lyme Disease in Canada: A Federal Framework was released in May 2017. The Framework includes the three pillars of surveillance; education and awareness; and guidelines and best practices...
October 5, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767809/pediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#14
Alexia G Gagliardi, Jay C Albright
The rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures diagnosed among the pediatric and adolescent population is increasing. The rise in ACL injuries may be attributed to earlier sports specialization, year-round sports participation, increased awareness, and improved ability to diagnose the injury. Treatment options for pediatric or adolescent ACL injuries include nonoperative conservative treatment, ACL repair, or various techniques for ACL reconstruction. The best course of treatment for ACL rupture in young patients continues to be debated...
May 1, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766511/relevance-of-histology-in-the-diagnosis-of-reflux-esophagitis
#15
REVIEW
Monika Tripathi, Catherine J Streutker, E Celia Marginean
Reflux esophagitis is an important clinical diagnosis; however, the histologic findings can be nonspecific and overlap with other entities. Various benign changes can produce diagnostic difficulties for pathologists. In this review, the typical histologic findings of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) of the esophagus are discussed, along with the issues relating to clinical correlation and technical aspects of endoscopic biopsies and specimen processing. The literature has been reviewed to discuss histologic definitions of GERD as well as current and developing controversies in the area of GERD...
May 16, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765958/current-perspectives-on-opisthorchiasis-control-and-cholangiocarcinoma-detection-in-southeast-asia
#16
REVIEW
Narong Khuntikeo, Attapol Titapun, Watcharin Loilome, Puangrat Yongvanit, Bandit Thinkhamrop, Nittaya Chamadol, Thidarat Boonmars, Teerachai Nethanomsak, Ross H Andrews, Trevor N Petney, Paiboon Sithithaworn
Similar to bile duct cancer or cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) in the western world, opisthorchiasis-associated CCA in Southeast Asia is an aggressive cancer with high mortality rates. It is known to cause a significant health burden in the opisthorchiasis region in Thailand and possibly throughout mainland Southeast. To reduce this health burden, a comprehensive prevention and control program for opisthorchiasis, as well as CCA, is required. In this review, our aim is to provide a brief update of the current situation regarding the natural history of opisthorchiasis and health burden of CCA in Southeast Asia...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765828/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-north-american-skull-base-society-on-vestibular-schwannoma-part-2-perioperative-practice-patterns-of-vestibular-schwannoma-in-north-america
#17
Jamie J Van Gompel, Matthew L Carlson, R Mark Wiet, Nicole M Tombers, Anand K Devaiah M, Devyani Lal, Jacques J Morcos, Michael J Link
Introduction  Perioperative care of vestibular schwannoma (VS) patients is extremely variable across surgeons and institutions making practice patterns difficult to standardize. No data currently exist detailing this practice variability. Methods  The North American Skull Base Society membership was electronically surveyed regarding perioperative care of surgically operated VS patients. Results  There were 87 respondents to the survey. Surgical positioning, surgical approach utilized, and perioperative medical adjuncts are quite variable...
June 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765211/usability-and-acceptability-of-technology-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Torhild Holthe, Liv Halvorsrud, Dag Karterud, Kari-Anne Hoel, Anne Lund
Background: The objective of this review was to obtain an overview of the technologies that have been explored with older adults with mild cognitive impairment and dementia (MCI/D), current knowledge on the usability and acceptability of such technologies, and how people with MCI/D and their family carers (FCs) were involved in these studies. Materials and methods: Primary studies published between 2007 and 2017 that explored the use of technologies for community-dwelling people with MCI/D were identified through five databases: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, AMED, and CINAHL...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764645/design-and-short-term-impact-of-an-event-to-promote-careers-in-clinical-pharmacy
#19
Sarah Ray, Andrew Ticcioni, Robert Mueller, Jessica Battaglia
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a role for local pharmacy organizations to promote clinical pharmacy and increase awareness to both potential and current pharmacy students. The Greater Milwaukee College of Clinical Pharmacy (GMCCP) chapter sought to promote clinical pharmacy amongst current and prospective pharmacy students to increase the knowledge, awareness, and interest in clinical pharmacy. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Subcommittee members designed programming to introduce the basics of clinical pharmacy...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764414/patient-awareness-knowledge-towards-oral-cancer-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Neel Shimpi, Monica Jethwani, Aditi Bharatkumar, Po-Huang Chyou, Ingrid Glurich, Amit Acharya
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer (OC) is associated with multiple risk factors and high mortality rates and substantially contributes to the global cancer burden despite being highly preventable. This cross-sectional study sought to assess current knowledge, awareness, and behaviors of patients in rural communities surrounding OC risk. METHODS: An anonymous 21-question survey was distributed to patients in waiting rooms of a large integrated medical-dental health system serving north-central Wisconsin...
May 15, 2018: BMC Oral Health
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